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Combustion Ash Residue Management

Combustion Ash Residue Management
An Engineering Perspective

by Richard W. Goodwin

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2013-12-05
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN : 0124200508
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Combustion Ash and Residue Management assists owners and operators of Coal-fired and Resource Recovery Power Plants. By applying the principles and reviewing the case studies examples described within this book, accidents and upsets can be avoided and regulatory permitting can be achieved – reducing costs. This unique book is an essential reference for anybody responsible for disposal or utilization of combustion residues. It reflects over 30 years of engineering practice, applying the principles of concrete chemistry and civil engineering/soil mechanics as confirmed by field data. Dr. Richard Goodwin assesses the composition and environmental impact of combustion residues, and provides not only best practices for safe disposal, but also a blueprint for effective reuse, including applications like structural fill, grout, and capping material. Case studies and cost information for ash disposal options are included, in addition to the lessons learned by high-profile failures, such as the TVA Kingston fossil plant coal fly ash slurry spill in 2008. It also applies engineering principles to discuss how to avoid future upsets, including better operator training and monitoring methods. A comprehensive update to reflect changes in legislation and practice, including new material on the safe disposal or beneficial use of coal ash A straightforward engineering approach, providing practical guidance and field data Written by an established expert in the field

Managing Coal Combustion Waste (CCW)

Managing Coal Combustion Waste (CCW)
Issues with Disposal and Waste

by Linda Luther

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2011-04
  • Pages : 26
  • ISBN : 1437932673
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Coal-fired power plants account for almost half of America¿s electric power, resulting in 136 millions tons of CCW. CCW contains a range of heavy metals such as arsenic, beryllium, chromium, lead, and mercury. The primary concern regarding CCW relates to the potential for hazardous constituents to leach into surface or groundwater, and hence contaminate drinking water, surface water, or living organisms. Contents of this report: (1) Disposal and Use Issues; (2) The Nature of Coal Combustion Waste; (3) Potential Risks Associated with CCW Management; (4) Regulatory History and Current Rulemaking; (5) Landfill and Surface Impoundment Disposal; Mine Disposal; ¿Beneficial Use¿. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.

Trace Elements in Coal and Coal Combustion Residues

Trace Elements in Coal and Coal Combustion Residues
A Book

by Robert F. Keefer,Kenneth S. Sajwan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-10-25
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1000115135
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Trace Elements in Coal and Coal Combustion Residues focuses on trace metal chemistry of coal and coal combustion residues. Special emphasis is placed on management of coal combustion residues in electric power plants and the influence of coal and associated residues on soils, plants, water, and animals. Topics covered include a brief summary of research sponsored by Electric Power Research Institute, environmental pollution from coal combustion plants in low-rainfall regions, accumulation of trace elements in freshwater mussels near a power plant, testing to evaluate fossil fuel wastes by chemicals and isotopes, transport of metals from coal piles and ash impoundments, leachability and toxicity of metals in fly ash, and plant absorption of chemicals from ash. The book will be a useful reference for environmental and reclamation consultants, environmental engineers, toxicologists, environmental regulatory personnel, officials with electric power utilities and water treatment plants, and soil scientists.

Managing Coal Combustion Residues in Mines

Managing Coal Combustion Residues in Mines
A Book

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Earth Resources,Committee on Mine Placement of Coal Combustion Wastes

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2006-08-14
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0309100496
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Burning coal in electric utility plants produces, in addition to power, residues that contain constituents which may be harmful to the environment. The management of large volumes of coal combustion residues (CCRs) is a challenge for utilities, because they must either place the CCRs in landfills, surface impoundments, or mines, or find alternative uses for the material. This study focuses on the placement of CCRs in active and abandoned coal mines. The committee believes that placement of CCRs in mines as part of the reclamation process may be a viable option for the disposal of this material as long as the placement is properly planned and carried out in a manner that avoids significant adverse environmental and health impacts. This report discusses a variety of steps that are involved in planning and managing the use of CCRs as minefills, including an integrated process of CCR characterization and site characterization, management and engineering design of placement activities, and design and implementation of monitoring to reduce the risk of contamination moving from the mine site to the ambient environment. Enforceable federal standards are needed for the disposal of CCRs in minefills to ensure that states have adequate, explicit authority and that they implement minimum safeguards.

Coal Combustion Residue

Coal Combustion Residue
Status of EPA¿s Efforts to Regulate Disposal

by Frank Rusco

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2010-06
  • Pages : 38
  • ISBN : 1437924913
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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On Dec. 22, '08, a breach in a surface impoundment (or storage pond) dike at the TVA Kingston Fossil Plant in TN resulted in the release of 5.4 million cubic yards of coal ash -- also referred to as coal combustion residue (CCR) -- into the Emory River. The spill covered 300 acres and made 3 homes uninhabitable; it damaged 23 other homes, plus roads, rail lines, and utilities. The cleanup will cost a billion dollars and take 2 to 3 years to complete. This report identifies: (1) the number of surface impoundments for storing CCR in the U.S. and their location; (2) problems, if any, with the storage of coal ash, and how those problems are being addressed; and (3) the type of fed. oversight that exists for CCR and what, if any, issues need to be resolved. Illustrations.

Managing Ash from Municipal Waste Incinerators

Managing Ash from Municipal Waste Incinerators
A Book

by Alyce M. Ujihara,Michael Gough

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-10-16
  • Pages : 86
  • ISBN : 1317340949
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Originally published in 1989, this report deals with issues surrounding ash residues produced by municipal waste combustors. Spurred by huge disagreements over the environmental risks that these ash residues posed; Managing Ash from Municipal Waste Incinerators attempts to shed light on the debates around the issue and move forward towards an appropriate solution. This title will be of interest to students of Environmental Studies.

Regulating Coal Combustion Waste Disposal

Regulating Coal Combustion Waste Disposal
Issues for Congress

by Linda Luther

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2011-01
  • Pages : 22
  • ISBN : 1437940919
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Coal combustion waste (CCW) is inorganic material that remains after pulverized coal is burned for electricity production. Industry estimates that as much as 136 million tons were generated in 2008. On Dec. 22, 2008, national attention was turned to the waste when a breach in an impoundment pond at the TVA¿s Kingston, TN, power plant released 1.1 billion gallons of coal ash slurry. The cleanup cost may reach $1.2 billion. Contents of this report: (1) Intro.; (2) Overview of EPA¿s Proposal; (3) The Nature of CCW; (4) CCW Management Methods; (5) Risks Associated with CCW Mis-Management; (6) RCRA Provisions Relevant to EPA¿s Proposal (7) EPA¿s Proposed Regulatory Options; (8) Types of Coal Combustion Waste. Charts and tables.

Decision-Maker's Guide to Solid-Waste Management

Decision-Maker's Guide to Solid-Waste Management
A Book

by Philip R. O'Leary

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 1999-02
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 9780788176043
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Guide has been developed particularly for solid waste management practitioners, such as local government officials, facility owners and operators, consultants, and regulatory agency specialists. Contains technical and economic information to help these practitioners meet the daily challenges of planning, managing, and operating municipal solid waste (MSW) programs and facilities. The Guide's primary goals are to encourage reduction of waste at the source and to foster implementation of integrated solid waste management systems that are cost-effective and protect human health and the environment. Illustrated.

Trace Elements in Coal and Coal Combustion Residues

Trace Elements in Coal and Coal Combustion Residues
A Book

by Robert F. Keefer,Kenneth S. Sajwan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-10-26
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1000157938
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Trace Elements in Coal and Coal Combustion Residues focuses on trace metal chemistry of coal and coal combustion residues. Special emphasis is placed on management of coal combustion residues in electric power plants and the influence of coal and associated residues on soils, plants, water, and animals. Topics covered include a brief summary of research sponsored by Electric Power Research Institute, environmental pollution from coal combustion plants in low-rainfall regions, accumulation of trace elements in freshwater mussels near a power plant, testing to evaluate fossil fuel wastes by chemicals and isotopes, transport of metals from coal piles and ash impoundments, leachability and toxicity of metals in fly ash, and plant absorption of chemicals from ash. The book will be a useful reference for environmental and reclamation consultants, environmental engineers, toxicologists, environmental regulatory personnel, officials with electric power utilities and water treatment plants, and soil scientists.

Solid Waste Technology and Management, 2 Volume Set

Solid Waste Technology and Management, 2 Volume Set
A Book

by Thomas Christensen

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-08-02
  • Pages : 1052
  • ISBN : 1119955025
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The collection, transportation and subsequent processing of waste materials is a vast field of study which incorporates technical, social, legal, economic, environmental and regulatory issues. Common waste management practices include landfilling, biological treatment, incineration, and recycling – all boasting advantages and disadvantages. Waste management has changed significantly over the past ten years, with an increased focus on integrated waste management and life-cycle assessment (LCA), with the aim of reducing the reliance on landfill with its obvious environmental concerns in favour of greener solutions. With contributions from more than seventy internationally known experts presented in two volumes and backed by the International Waste Working Group and the International Solid Waste Association, detailed chapters cover: Waste Generation and Characterization Life Cycle Assessment of Waste Management Systems Waste Minimization Material Recycling Waste Collection Mechanical Treatment and Separation Thermal Treatment Biological Treatment Landfilling Special and Hazardous Waste Solid Waste Technology & Management is a balanced and detailed account of all aspects of municipal solid waste management, treatment and disposal, covering both engineering and management aspects with an overarching emphasis on the life-cycle approach.

Finding the Rx for managing medical wastes.

Finding the Rx for managing medical wastes.
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1428921869
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Health Effects of Municipal Waste Incineration

Health Effects of Municipal Waste Incineration
A Book

by Curtis C. Travis,Holly A. Hattemer-Frey

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1990-12-07
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9780849349331
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This much-needed book provides an enlightening perspective on the environmental and human health impacts of municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration. Over 100 tables and figures allows speedy access to important data you will refer to again and again. The comprehensive text assesses the human health risks associated with exposure to facility emitted pollutants-especially the highly toxic dioxin. It includes an evaluation of multipathway (inhalation and food chain) exposures. This essential publication also evaluates facility emissions, plausible air concentrations, the potential for deposition of pollutants onto plant, soil, and water surfaces, the movement and accumulation of pollutants through environmental media, and the potential for human exposure. Health Effects of Municipal Waste Incineration is an up-to-date volume which encourages readers to formulate opinions about some of the fundamental issues affecting the management of municipal solid waste. Anyone involved with environmental science, hazardous waste, toxicology, risk analysis and/or environmental engineering will certainly value and utilize this well-written resource.

Finding the Rx for Managing Medical Wastes

Finding the Rx for Managing Medical Wastes
A Book

by United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 76
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Construction Materials

Sustainable Construction Materials
Municipal Incinerated Bottom Ash

by Ravindra K. Dhir OBE,Jorge de Brito,Ciaran J. Lynn,Rui V. Silva

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-10-18
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 0081009968
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Construction Materials: Municipal Incinerated Bottom Ash discusses the global use of virgin aggregates and CO2 polluter Portland cement. Given the global sustainability agenda, much of the demand for these two sets of materials can be substantially reduced through the appropriate use of waste materials, thereby conserving natural resources, energy and CO2 emissions. Realistically, this change can only be realized and sustained through engineering ingenuity and new concepts in design. Although a great deal of research has been published over the last 50 years, it remains fragmented and ineffective. This book develops a single global knowledge-base, encouraging greater use of selected waste streams. The focus of massive systematic reviews is to encourage the uptake of recycled secondary materials (RSM) by the construction industry and guide researchers to recognize what is already known regarding waste. Provides an extensive source of valuable database information, supported by an exhaustive list of globally-based published literature over the last 40-50 years Offer an analysis, evaluation, repackaging and modeling of existing knowledge on sustainable construction practices Provides a wealth of knowledge for use in many sectors relating to the construction profession

Solid Waste: Assessment, Monitoring and Remediation

Solid Waste: Assessment, Monitoring and Remediation
A Book

by I. Twardowska,H.E. Allen,A.F. Kettrup,W.J. Lacy

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2004-04-22
  • Pages : 1222
  • ISBN : 9780080541471
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers a broad group of wastes, from biowaste to hazardous waste, but primarily the largest (by mass and volume) group of wastes that are not hazardous, but also are not inert, and are problematic for three major reasons: (1) they are difficult to manage because of their volume: usually they are used in civil engineering as a common fill etc., where they are exposed to environmental conditions almost the same way as at disposal sites; (2) they are not geochemically stable and in the different periods of environmental exposure undergo transformations that might add hazardous properties to the material that are not displayed when it is freshly generated; (3) many designers and researchers in different countries involved in waste management are often not aware of time-delayed adverse environmental impact of some large-volume waste, and also do not consider some positive properties that may extend the area of their environmentally beneficial application.

Red Hills Power Project

Red Hills Power Project
Environmental Impact Statement

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 4
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Incineration Technologies

Incineration Technologies
A Book

by Alfons Buekens

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-01-04
  • Pages : 93
  • ISBN : 1461457521
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Waste incineration is the art of completely combusting waste, while maintaining or reducing emission levels below current emission standards. Where possible, objectives include the recovering of energy as well as the combustion residues. Successful waste incineration makes it possible to achieve a deep reduction in waste volume, obtain a compact and sterile residue, and eliminate a wide array of pollutants. This book places waste incineration within the wider context of waste management, and demonstrates that, in contrast to landfills and composting, waste incineration can eliminate objectionable and hazardous properties such as flammability and toxicity, result in a significant reduction in volume, and destroy gaseous and liquid waste streams leaving little or no residues beyond those linked to flue gas neutralization and treatment. Moreover, waste incineration sterilizes and destroys putrescible matter, and produces usable heat. Incineration Technologies first appeared as a peer-reviewed contribution to the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. It provides detailed treatment of the challenges of this technically complex process, which requires huge investment and operating costs, as well as good technical skills in maintenance and plant operation. Particular attention is paid to technologies for ensuring the complete burn-out of flue gas and residues and for controlling the resulting pollutants.

Circulating Fluidized Bed Boilers

Circulating Fluidized Bed Boilers
Design, Operation and Maintenance

by Prabir Basu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-04-07
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 3319061739
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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· Explains operation and scientific fundamentals of circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boilers · Outlines practical issues in industrial use · Teaches how to optimize design for maximum reliability and efficiency · Discusses operating and maintenance issues and how to troubleshoot them This book provides practicing engineers and students with insight into the design and operation of circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boilers through a combination of theoretical concepts and practical experience. An emphasis on combustion, hydrodynamics, heat transfer, and material issues illustrates these concepts with numerous examples from actual operating plants. The relevance of design and feed-stock parameters to the operation of a CFB boiler are also examined, along with their impacts on designs of mechanical components, including cyclones, air distributor grids, and solid recycle systems. This versatile resource explains how fluidized bed equipment works and how the basic principles of thermodynamics and fluid mechanics influence design, while providing insight into planning new projects, troubleshooting existing equipment, and appreciating the capabilities and limitations of the process. From hydrodynamics to construction and maintenance, the author covers all of the essential information needed to understand, design, operate, and maintain a complete fluidized bed system. It is a must for clean coal technology as well as for biomass power generation.

Flue Gas Desulfurization and Industrial Minerals

Flue Gas Desulfurization and Industrial Minerals
A Bibliography

by M. Michael Miller,Deborah A. Kramer,G. Oliver Vagt

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 710
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contains 4,101 references on FGD [Flue Gas Desulfurization] ... primarily from 1982 through June 1993. Complements the "Flue Gas Desulfurization and Denitrification" bibliography published by the U.S. Dept. of Energy in Jan. 1985. References were located on the Energy, Science and Technology, Pollution Abstracts, and Environmental Bibliography databases. Primarily covers FGD and the use of industrial minerals in the desulfurization process or in by-product utilization and disposal. Emphasizes post-combustion removal of sulfur dioxide through processes such as in-duct injection and wet and dry scrubbing.

Acid Precipitation

Acid Precipitation
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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