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The Phoenix of Natural Disasters

The Phoenix of Natural Disasters
Community Resilience

by Kathryn Gow

  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 9781604561616
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book encompasses discussions between Kathryn Gow and Douglas Paton, both psychologists who have researched stress, burnout, trauma, and recovery in natural disasters. They suggest that few books have been written for health professionals, and persons directly involved with leading and managing emergency teams on what constitutes resilience in individuals and groups in communities, and how they differ in response and recovery. The outcome is a three part book with contributors from the field, research institutions, emergency service sectors, support agencies and the media. Its main purpose is to focus on the resilience of people and communities following NDs and to educate the sectors already involved in natural disasters.

Risk Communication and Community Resilience

Risk Communication and Community Resilience
A Book

by Bandana Kar,David M. Cochran

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-05-28
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1351614894
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Risk communication is crucial to building community resilience and reducing risk from extreme events. True community resilience involves accurate and timely dissemination of risk information to stakeholders. This book examines the policy and science of risk communication in the digital era. Themes include public awareness of risk and public participation in risk communication and resilience building. The first half of the book focuses on conceptual frameworks, components, and the role of citizens in risk communication. The second half examines the role of risk communication in resilience building and provides an overview of some of its challenges in the era of social media. This book looks at the effectiveness of risk communication in socially and culturally diverse communities in the developed and developing world. The interdisciplinary approach bridges academic research and applied policy action. Contributions from Latin America and Asia provide insight into global risk communication at a time when digital technologies have rapidly transformed conventional communication approaches. This book will be of critical interest to policy makers, academicians, and researchers, and will be a valuable reference source for university courses that focus on emergency management, risk communication, and resilience.

Disaster Resilience

Disaster Resilience
An Integrated Approach (2nd Ed.)

by Douglas Paton,David Johnston

  • Publisher : Charles C Thomas Publisher
  • Release : 2017-06-12
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 0398091692
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Events such as the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the Japanese earthquakes and tsunamis in 2011 have provided unfortunate reminders of the susceptibility of many communities to devastating losses from natural hazards. These events provided graphic illustrations of how extreme hazard events adversely impact on people, affect communities and disrupt the community and societal mechanisms that serve to organize and sustain community capacities and functions. However, there is much that communities can do to mitigate their risk and manage disaster consequences. The construct that epitomizes how this is done is resilience. The contents of this volume provide valuable insights into how societal resilience can be developed and sustained. This considerably expanded new edition presents major topics of: Coexisting with Natural Hazards; Urban Resilience in Asia; Lifelines and Urban Resilience; Business Continuity in Disaster; Hazard Mitigation in Communities; Hazard Readiness and Resilience; Child Citizenship in Disaster Risk; Old Age and Resilience; Gender and Disaster Resilience; Impact of High Functionality on Resilience; Art and Resilience; Cross-Cultural Perspectives and Coping with Hazards; Religious Practices and Resilience; Living in Harmony with our Environment; Critical Incidence Response; Governance; Heat Wave Resilience; Wildfire Disaster Resilience; and Progress and Challenges to Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience. This exceptional book brings together contributions from international experts in core areas and includes chapters that provide and overarching framework within which the need for interrelationships between levels to be developed is discussed. The book will be an outstanding resource for those researching or teaching courses in emergency management, disaster management, community development, environmental planning and urban development. In addition, it will serve law enforcement and emergency agencies, welfare agencies, and professionals in applied psychology.

Building Community Resilience to Disasters

Building Community Resilience to Disasters
A Way Forward to Enhance National Health Security

by Anita Chandra,Joie Acosta,Stefanie Stern,Lori Uscher-Pines,Malcolm V. Williams

  • Publisher : Rand Corporation
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 189
  • ISBN : 0833052098
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Community resilience, or the sustained ability of a community to withstand and recover from adversity has become a key policy issue at federal, state, and local levels, including in the National Health Security Strategy. Because resources are limited in the wake of an emergency, it is increasingly recognized that resilience is critical to a community's ability to reduce long recovery periods after an emergency. This report provides a roadmap for federal, state, and local leaders who are developing plans to enhance community resilience for health security threats and describes options for building community resilience in key areas. Based on findings from a literature review and a series of community and regional focus groups, the authors provide a definition of community resilience in the context of national health security and a set of eight levers and five core components for building resilience. They then describe suggested activities that communities are pursuing and may want to strengthen for community resilience, and they identify challenges to implementation.

Community Resilience in Natural Disasters

Community Resilience in Natural Disasters
A Book

by Anouk Ride,Diane Bretherton

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-09-26
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 0230339328
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Told through the voices of local community leaders, this book analyzes how communities respond to natural disasters and how outsiders contribute positively - or negatively - to their response, promoting debate on the role of aid and the media in times of crisis.

Promoting Community Resilience in Disasters

Promoting Community Resilience in Disasters
The Role for Schools, Youth, and Families

by Kevin Ronan,David Johnston

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-05-30
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 0387238212
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A myriad of models are available to guide practice before, during, and following disasters. As emphasized in this book, we value the role of research in informing our assessment, education, and intervention efforts in this area. Keeping an eye on those elements that have research backing certainly assists with quality control generally. However, more specifically, we also stress the idea that there is evidence to support a role for hope and positive expectations in the motivation and engagement process. In addition, the more that people, including youth and adults, actively participate in efforts designed to help, the more benefits they tend to receive. The role of research in providing that initial hope and inspiring more active engagement with internal and external resources before, during, and after a disaster is part of the foundation of our practice in this area. In fact, in the clinical psychology training program directed by the senior author, the idea that we attempt to inculcate with our trainees is the idea of “hope and engagement on an evidence-based foundation.” Consequently, we do advocate for models of practice that have identified “active ingredients” that are included: those particularly identified through controlled evaluation research. However, it is also the case that a number of risk and protective factors identified through a number of studies (e.g., see Chapter 2) have as yet to be systematically included.

Planning for Community Resilience

Planning for Community Resilience
A Handbook for Reducing Vulnerability to Disasters

by Jaimie Hicks Masterson,Walter Gillis Peacock,Shannon S. Van Zandt,Himanshu Grover,Lori Feild Schwarz,John T. Cooper

  • Publisher : Island Press
  • Release : 2014-11-24
  • Pages : 255
  • ISBN : 9781610915854
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How can we plan and design stronger communities? From New Orleans to Galveston to the Jersey Shore, communities struck by natural disasters struggle to recover long after the first responders have left. Globally, the average annual number of natural disasters has more than doubled since 1980. These catastrophes are increasing in number as well as in magnitude, causing greater damage as we experience rising sea levels and other effects of climate change. Communities can reduce their vulnerability to disaster by becoming more resilient—to not only bounce back more readily from disasters but to grow stronger, more socially cohesive, and more environmentally responsible. To be truly resilient, disaster preparation and response must consider all populations in the community. By bringing together natural hazards planning and community planning to consider vulnerabilities, more resilient and equitable communities are achievable. In Planning for Community Resilience the authors describe an inclusive process for creating disaster-resilient communities. Based on their recovery work after Hurricane Ike in Galveston, Texas, they developed a process that relies on the Disaster Impacts Model. This handbook guides any community through the process of determining their level of hazard exposure, physical vulnerability, and social vulnerability with the goal of determining the best planning strategy. Planning for Community Resilience will be invaluable to professionals working to protect their community from disturbance, including city planners, elected officials, floodplain managers, natural hazard managers, planning commissioners, local business leaders, and citizen organizers.

Community Resilience

Community Resilience
Equitable Practices for an Uncertain Future

by Alonzo L. Plough

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2021-02-12
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 0197559409
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this fifth volume of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Culture of Health series, Community Resilience: Equitable Practices for an Uncertain Future highlights the importance of resilience, or the set of assets that allow a person or place to recover when adversity hits, by illustrating the policies and stories of lived experience surrounding health equity. Whether that adversity is acute--such as an environmental disaster or an abuse of police power--or chronic--such as that engendered by poverty and racism--local innovation and community engagement are key to nurturing resilience and promoting health equity. Community Resilience positions storytelling and narrative shifts as essential to influencing our perceptions of who deserves empathy or support, and who does not, by examining the systemic barriers to resilience and the opportunities to reshape the landscape to overcome those barriers. The central message of this volume--across immigration or imprisonment, opioids or trauma, housing or disaster preparedness--is that we must act intentionally and allow a shift in power in order to make progress.

Building and Measuring Community Resilience

Building and Measuring Community Resilience
Actions for Communities and the Gulf Research Program

by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Office of Special Projects,Committee on Measuring Community Resilience

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2019-05-26
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 0309489725
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The frequency and severity of disasters over the last few decades have presented unprecedented challenges for communities across the United States. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina exposed the complexity and breadth of a deadly combination of existing community stressors, aging infrastructure, and a powerful natural hazard. In many ways, the devastation of Hurricane Katrina was a turning point for understanding and managing disasters, as well as related plan making and policy formulation. It brought the phrase "community resilience" into the lexicon of disaster management. Building and Measuring Community Resilience: Actions for Communities and the Gulf Research Program summarizes the existing portfolio of relevant or related resilience measurement efforts and notes gaps and challenges associated with them. It describes how some communities build and measure resilience and offers four key actions that communities could take to build and measure their resilience in order to address gaps identified in current community resilience measurement efforts. This report also provides recommendations to the Gulf Research Program to build and measure resilience in the Gulf of Mexico region.

Community Resilience to Sectarian Violence in Baghdad

Community Resilience to Sectarian Violence in Baghdad
A Book

by Ami C. Carpenter

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-10-04
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN : 1461488125
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The recent conflict in Iraq evolved from an insurgency against the interim U.S. led government (the Coalition Provisional Authority or CPA) into a sectarian civil war. Violence became widespread, especially in areas of Baghdad City such as Sadr City, Al Amiriyah, and Al Adhamiya. However, a number of multiethnic neighborhoods in Baghdad successfully prevented sectarian attitudes and behaviors from taking hold. Four communities stand out in their self-organization to prevent the escalation of violence. This book looks at what makes these communities different from other areas within Baghdad. In-depth interviews in Sunni-dominant, Shia-dominant and Mixed neighborhoods generated a few key insights about conflict-resilience, or the capacity to prevent structural changes associated with conflict escalation. Key factors turned out to be the organization of non-sectarian self-defense groups, place attachment, collective efficacy, active intervention to de-escalate tensions, and also the presence of local religious leaders who forbid sectarian attacks. The continuity or strength of interpersonal relationships supported by the integrated physical structure of these neighborhoods and internal versus tribal conflict resolution mechanisms played a role as well. This volume examines the characteristics of the communities that have successfully prevented the rise of violence, and how they are able to maintain qualities of resilience to violent conflict.

Fostering Community Resilience

Fostering Community Resilience
Homeland Security and Hurricane Katrina

by Brian Carriere,Justin Miller,Asst Prof Jack Covarrubias,Professor Tom Lansford

  • Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • Release : 2013-03-28
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 1409499987
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using the Mississippi Gulf Coast as a case study, this book focuses on the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and develops the concept of resilience and how it applies to Homeland Security in the aftermath of the worst natural disaster to hit the United States. Through the lens of the national response to Hurricane Katrina and the local lens of the recovery of the Mississippi Gulf Coast community, this work elucidates the particular qualities that make a community and a nation more resilient, discussing resilience as a concept and an application. Additionally, it explores in-depth the interconnected fields that comprise resilience; including economic, social, infrastructure, and political domains. By examining what went right, what went wrong, and what can be improved upon during the Mississippi Gulf Coast's recovery, scholars and policymakers can better understand community resilience not just as a concept, but also as a practice.

The Community Resilience Handbook

The Community Resilience Handbook
A Book

by Edward A Thomas,George Blaine Huff,Nancy McNabb

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021-06-07
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 9781641057387
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Resilience is a community's ability to withstand and quickly recover from disasters and other hazardous events. This comprehensive guide to community resilience for state and local officials, disaster relief organizations, and concerned attorneys and community members encapsulates the ABA's commitment to promoting community resilience as set forth in Resolution 108, which is included as an appendix.

Community Resilience System Initiative (CRSI) Steering Committee Final Report

Community Resilience System Initiative (CRSI) Steering Committee Final Report
A Roadmap to Increased Community Resilience

by Community and Regional Resilience Institute. Steering Committee,United States. Department of Homeland Security,United States. Department of Energy

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 141
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Developing a Framework for Measuring Community Resilience

Developing a Framework for Measuring Community Resilience
Summary of a Workshop

by National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Resilient America Roundtable,Committee on Measures of Community Resilience: From Lessons Learned to Lessons Applied

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2015-03-26
  • Pages : 49
  • ISBN : 0309347416
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 2012 National Research Council report Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative highlighted the challenges of increasing national resilience in the United States. One finding of the report was that "without numerical means of assessing resilience, it would be impossible to identify the priority needs for improvement, to monitor changes, to show that resilience had improved, or to compare the benefits of increasing resilience with the associated costs." Although measuring resilience is a challenge, metrics and indicators to evaluate progress, and the data necessary to establish the metric, are critical for helping communities to clarify and formalize what the concept of resilience means for them, and to support efforts to develop and prioritize resilience investments. One of the recommendations from the 2012 report stated that government entities at federal, state, and local levels and professional organizations should partner to help develop a framework for communities to adapt to their circumstances and begin to track their progress toward increasing resilience. To build upon this recommendation and begin to help communities formulate such a framework, the Resilient America Roundtable of the National Academies convened the workshop Measures of Community Resilience: From Lessons Learned to Lessons Applied on September 5, 2014 in Washington, D.C. The workshop's overarching objective was to begin to develop a framework of measures and indicators that could support community efforts to increase their resilience. The framework will be further developed through feedback and testing in pilot and other partner communities that are working with the Resilient America Roundtable. This report is a summary of the one-day workshop, which consisted of a keynote address and two panel sessions in the morning and afternoon breakout sessions that began the discussion on how to develop a framework of resilience measures.

Dam and Levee Safety and Community Resilience

Dam and Levee Safety and Community Resilience
A Vision for Future Practice

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Geological and Geotechnical Engineering,Committee on Integrating Dam and Levee Safety and Community Resilience

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2012-09-11
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 0309256178
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although advances in engineering can reduce the risk of dam and levee failure, some failures will still occur. Such events cause impacts on social and physical infrastructure that extend far beyond the flood zone. Broadening dam and levee safety programs to consider community- and regional-level priorities in decision making can help reduce the risk of, and increase community resilience to, potential dam and levee failures. Collaboration between dam and levee safety professionals at all levels, persons and property owners at direct risk, members of the wider economy, and the social and environmental networks in a community would allow all stakeholders to understand risks, shared needs, and opportunities, and make more informed decisions related to dam and levee infrastructure and community resilience. Dam and Levee Safety and Community Resilience: A Vision for Future Practice explains that fundamental shifts in safety culture will be necessary to integrate the concepts of resilience into dam and levee safety programs.

The Community Resilience Reader

The Community Resilience Reader
Essential Resources for an Era of Upheaval

by Daniel Lerch

  • Publisher : Island Press
  • Release : 2017-10-12
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1610918614
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The sustainability challenges of yesterday have become today's resilience crises. National and global efforts have failed to stop climate change, transition from fossil fuels, and reduce inequality. We must now confront these and other increasingly complex problems by building resilience at the community level. But what does that mean in practice, and how can it be done in a way that's effective and equitable? The Community Resilience Reader offers a new vision for creating resilience, through essays by leaders in such varied fields as science, policy, community building, and urban design. The Community Resilience Reader combines a fresh look at the challenges humanity faces in the 21st century, the essential tools of resilience science, and the wisdom of activists, scholars, and analysts working with community issues on the ground. It shows that resilience is a process, not a goal; how resilience requires learning to adapt but also preparing to transform; and that resilience starts and ends with the people living in a community. Despite the formidable challenges we face, The Community Resilience Reader shows that building strength and resilience at the community level is not only crucial, but possible. From PCarbon Institute, the producers of the award-winning The PCarbon Reader, The Community Resilience Reader is a valuable resource for students, community leaders, and concerned citizens.

Collective Action and Community Resilience

Collective Action and Community Resilience
Specific, General and Transformative Capacity

by L. Faulkner

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disaster Resilience

Disaster Resilience
A National Imperative

by National Academies,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Committee on Increasing National Resilience to Hazards and Disasters

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2012-12-29
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 0309261503
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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No person or place is immune from disasters or disaster-related losses. Infectious disease outbreaks, acts of terrorism, social unrest, or financial disasters in addition to natural hazards can all lead to large-scale consequences for the nation and its communities. Communities and the nation thus face difficult fiscal, social, cultural, and environmental choices about the best ways to ensure basic security and quality of life against hazards, deliberate attacks, and disasters. Beyond the unquantifiable costs of injury and loss of life from disasters, statistics for 2011 alone indicate economic damages from natural disasters in the United States exceeded $55 billion, with 14 events costing more than a billion dollars in damages each. One way to reduce the impacts of disasters on the nation and its communities is to invest in enhancing resilience--the ability to prepare and plan for, absorb, recover from and more successfully adapt to adverse events. Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative addresses the broad issue of increasing the nation's resilience to disasters. This book defines "national resilience", describes the state of knowledge about resilience to hazards and disasters, and frames the main issues related to increasing resilience in the United States. It also provide goals, baseline conditions, or performance metrics for national resilience and outlines additional information, data, gaps, and/or obstacles that need to be addressed to increase the nation's resilience to disasters. Additionally, the book's authoring committee makes recommendations about the necessary approaches to elevate national resilience to disasters in the United States. Enhanced resilience allows better anticipation of disasters and better planning to reduce disaster losses-rather than waiting for an event to occur and paying for it afterward. Disaster Resilience confronts the topic of how to increase the nation's resilience to disasters through a vision of the characteristics of a resilient nation in the year 2030. Increasing disaster resilience is an imperative that requires the collective will of the nation and its communities. Although disasters will continue to occur, actions that move the nation from reactive approaches to disasters to a proactive stance where communities actively engage in enhancing resilience will reduce many of the broad societal and economic burdens that disasters can cause.

Community Resilience, Universities and Engaged Research for Today's World

Community Resilience, Universities and Engaged Research for Today's World
A Book

by W. Madsen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9781349551736
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Framing Community Disaster Resilience

Framing Community Disaster Resilience
A Book

by Hugh Deeming,Maureen Fordham,Christian Kuhlicke,Lydia Pedoth,Stefan Schneiderbauer,Cheney Shreve

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 2019-01-04
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1119165962
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An essential guide to the foundations, research and practices of community disaster resilience Framing Community Disaster Resilience offers a guide to the theories, research and approaches for addressing the complexity of community resilience towards hazardous events or disasters. The text draws on the activities and achievements of the project emBRACE: Building Resilience Amongst Communities in Europe. The authors identify the key dimensions of resilience across a range of disciplines and domains and present an analysis of community characteristics, networks, behaviour and practices in specific test cases. The text contains an in-depth exploration of five test cases whose communities are facing impacts triggered by different hazards, namely: river floods in Germany, earthquakes in Turkey, landslides in South Tyrol, Italy, heat-waves in London and combined fluvial and pluvial floods in Northumberland and Cumbria. The authors examine the data and indicators of past events in order to assess current situations and to tackle the dynamics of community resilience. In addition, they put the focus on empirical analysis to explore the resilience concept and to test the usage of indicators for describing community resilience. This important text: Merges the forces of research knowledge, networking and practices in order to understand community disaster resilience Contains the results of the acclaimed project Building Resilience Amongst Communities in Europe - emBRACE Explores the key dimensions of community resilience Includes five illustrative case studies from European communities that face various hazards Written for undergraduate students, postgraduates and researchers of social science, and policymakers, Framing Community Disaster Resilience reports on the findings of an important study to reveal the most effective approaches to enhancing community resilience. The emBRACE research received funding from the European Community‘s Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2013 under grant agreement n° 283201. The European Community is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained in this publication.