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Computational Psychiatry

Computational Psychiatry
Mathematical Modeling of Mental Illness

by Alan Anticevic,John D Murray

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-09-19
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 0128098260
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational Psychiatry: Mathematical Modeling of Mental Illness is the first systematic effort to bring together leading scholars in the fields of psychiatry and computational neuroscience who have conducted the most impactful research and scholarship in this area. It includes an introduction outlining the challenges and opportunities facing the field of psychiatry that is followed by a detailed treatment of computational methods used in the service of understanding neuropsychiatric symptoms, improving diagnosis and guiding treatments. This book provides a vital resource for the clinical neuroscience community with an in-depth treatment of various computational neuroscience approaches geared towards understanding psychiatric phenomena. Its most valuable feature is a comprehensive survey of work from leaders in this field. Offers an in-depth overview of the rapidly evolving field of computational psychiatry Written for academics, researchers, advanced students and clinicians in the fields of computational neuroscience, clinical neuroscience, psychiatry, clinical psychology, neurology and cognitive neuroscience Provides a comprehensive survey of work from leaders in this field and a presentation of a range of computational psychiatry methods and approaches geared towards a broad array of psychiatric problems

Computational Psychiatry

Computational Psychiatry
A Primer

by Peggy Series

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 0262044595
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Computational psychiatry represents a novel and multidisciplinary approach to mental dysfunction. Computational psychiatry seeks to characterize mental dysfunction in terms of deviations from healthy brain computations over multiple time scales. It focuses on building mathematical models of neural or cognitive phenomena relevant to psychiatric diseases. One critical function of these models is their ability to bridge between low-level biological (neuroscience) and high-level cognitive features (psychiatric symptoms). This is the first textbook in the new field of computational psychiatry, designed for the next generation of scientists and clinicians who wish to apply computational models to modern diagnosis and treatment strategies"--

Computational Psychiatry

Computational Psychiatry
New Perspectives on Mental Illness

by A. David Redish

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2016-12-09
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 0262035421
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychiatrists and neuroscientists discuss the potential of computational approaches to address problems in psychiatry including diagnosis, treatment, and integration with neurobiology.

Computational Psychiatry

Computational Psychiatry
A Systems Biology Approach to the Epigenetics of Mental Disorders

by Rodrick Wallace

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-04-20
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 3319539108
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores mental disorders from a uniquely evolutionary perspective. Although there have been many attempts to mathematically model neural processes and, to some extent, their dysfunction, there is very little literature that models mental function within a sociocultural, socioeconomic, and environmental context. Addressing this gap in the extant literature, this book explores essential aspects of mental disorders, recognizing the ubiquitous role played by the exaptation of crosstalk between cognitive modules at many different scales and levels of organization, the missing heritability of complex diseases, and cultural epigenetics. Further, it introduces readers to valuable control theory tools that permit the exploration of the environmental induction of neurodevelopmental disorders, as well as the study of the synergism between culture, psychopathology and sleep disorders, offering a distinctively unique resource.

The Cognitive Neurosciences

The Cognitive Neurosciences
A Book

by David Poeppel,George R. Mangun,Michael S. Gazzaniga

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2020-05-12
  • Pages : 1152
  • ISBN : 0262043254
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The sixth edition of the foundational reference on cognitive neuroscience, with entirely new material that covers the latest research, experimental approaches, and measurement methodologies. Each edition of this classic reference has proved to be a benchmark in the developing field of cognitive neuroscience. The sixth edition of The Cognitive Neurosciences continues to chart new directions in the study of the biological underpinnings of complex cognition—the relationship between the structural and physiological mechanisms of the nervous system and the psychological reality of the mind. It offers entirely new material, reflecting recent advances in the field, covering the latest research, experimental approaches, and measurement methodologies. This sixth edition treats such foundational topics as memory, attention, and language, as well as other areas, including computational models of cognition, reward and decision making, social neuroscience, scientific ethics, and methods advances. Over the last twenty-five years, the cognitive neurosciences have seen the development of sophisticated tools and methods, including computational approaches that generate enormous data sets. This volume deploys these exciting new instruments but also emphasizes the value of theory, behavior, observation, and other time-tested scientific habits. Section editors Sarah-Jayne Blakemore and Ulman Lindenberger, Kalanit Grill-Spector and Maria Chait, Tomás Ryan and Charan Ranganath, Sabine Kastner and Steven Luck, Stanislas Dehaene and Josh McDermott, Rich Ivry and John Krakauer, Daphna Shohamy and Wolfram Schultz, Danielle Bassett and Nikolaus Kriegeskorte, Marina Bedny and Alfonso Caramazza, Liina Pylkkänen and Karen Emmorey, Mauricio Delgado and Elizabeth Phelps, Anjan Chatterjee and Adina Roskies

Computational Models of Brain and Behavior

Computational Models of Brain and Behavior
A Book

by Ahmed A. Moustafa

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-11-13
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN : 1119159067
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive Introduction to the world of brain and behavior computational models This book provides a broad collection of articles covering different aspects of computational modeling efforts in psychology and neuroscience. Specifically, it discusses models that span different brain regions (hippocampus, amygdala, basal ganglia, visual cortex), different species (humans, rats, fruit flies), and different modeling methods (neural network, Bayesian, reinforcement learning, data fitting, and Hodgkin-Huxley models, among others). Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is divided into four sections: (a) Models of brain disorders; (b) Neural models of behavioral processes; (c) Models of neural processes, brain regions and neurotransmitters, and (d) Neural modeling approaches. It provides in-depth coverage of models of psychiatric disorders, including depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), schizophrenia, and dyslexia; models of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and epilepsy; early sensory and perceptual processes; models of olfaction; higher/systems level models and low-level models; Pavlovian and instrumental conditioning; linking information theory to neurobiology; and more. Covers computational approximations to intellectual disability in down syndrome Discusses computational models of pharmacological and immunological treatment in Alzheimer's disease Examines neural circuit models of serotonergic system (from microcircuits to cognition) Educates on information theory, memory, prediction, and timing in associative learning Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is written for advanced undergraduate, Master's and PhD-level students—as well as researchers involved in computational neuroscience modeling research.

Predictive Modelling Approach to Data-driven Computational Psychiatry

Predictive Modelling Approach to Data-driven Computational Psychiatry
A Book

by Wajdi Alghamdi

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Translational Methods and Models for Computational Psychiatry

Translational Methods and Models for Computational Psychiatry
A Book

by Eduardo A. Aponte

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational Neurology and Psychiatry

Computational Neurology and Psychiatry
A Book

by Péter Érdi,Basabdatta Sen Bhattacharya,Amy L. Cochran

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-01-25
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 3319499599
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the latest research in computational methods for modeling and simulating brain disorders. In particular, it shows how mathematical models can be used to study the relationship between a given disorder and the specific brain structure associated with that disorder. It also describes the emerging field of computational psychiatry, including the study of pathological behavior due to impaired functional connectivity, pathophysiological activity, and/or aberrant decision-making. Further, it discusses the data analysis techniques that will be required to analyze the increasing amount of data being generated about the brain. Lastly, the book offers some tips on the application of computational models in the field of quantitative systems pharmacology. Mainly written for computational scientists eager to discover new application fields for their model, this book also benefits neurologists and psychiatrists wanting to learn about new methods.

On the Implementation of Computational Psychiatry Within the Framework of Cognitive Pyschology and Neuroscience

On the Implementation of Computational Psychiatry Within the Framework of Cognitive Pyschology and Neuroscience
A Review of Current ADHD Theories and Cognitive Test Procedures, an Analysis of a Neurocognitive Test on Controls and ADHD Subjects Using the Ratcliff Diffusion Model, and Proposals of Test Procedures and a Spectrum to Measure ADHD and Frequent Comorbidities

by Nadja Ging-Jehli

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 109
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed disorders. Nevertheless, phenotypes of ADHD are heterogenous, and remain vaguely defined. For instance, current cognitive test procedures are often inconclusive on the characteristics of ADHD and frequent comorbidities are mostly neglected. This thesis is composed of three parts: The first part describes existing approaches (e.g., theories, ADHD subtypes, comorbidities), as well as empirical findings from current test procedures (e.g., neurocognitive tasks) for ADHD across eight cognitive domains. It will be shown that the findings from these reviews point towards a spectrum of ADHD and comorbidities that often seem beyond the scope of existing studies, because of the nature of the administered test procedure, the type of applied analysis, as well as the pre-categorization of participants. The third part therefore introduces a proposal for measuring a spectrum of not only ADHD, but also comorbidities in a set of test procedures susceptible to identified clinical characteristics. To support these proposals, the second part describes the results from the application of the Ratcliff Diffusion Model to the neurocognitive test performances of an existent clinical dataset (e.g., the MTA study). It will be illustrated that significant differences between controls and ADHD children become apparent, when accounting for gender and medical treatment. Specifically, unmedicated ADHD children seem to take less time for cue retrieval and motor output (smaller Ter), accumulate information at a slower rate (smaller v), and show higher variability in response times. ADHD boys are characterized by a small Ter when interstimulus interval is short, whereas ADHD girls are characterized by an overly conservative decision criterion (large a). Moreover, stimulants not only increase drift rates as suggested by previous studies, but also reduce the gender-specific ADHD characteristics (e.g., smaller Ter for ADHD boys and larger a for ADHD girls). Eventually, the preliminary results, together with the literature reviews, suggest that estimated RDM parameters can be used to classify ADHD phenotypes. Understanding the cognitive characteristics of various ADHD phenotypes (incl. comorbidities) is important to identify the most effective medical and/or behavior interventions.

Using Approaches from Computational Psychiatry to Examine Antidepressant Discontinuation and Subsequent Relapse

Using Approaches from Computational Psychiatry to Examine Antidepressant Discontinuation and Subsequent Relapse
A Book

by Isabel Maria Berwian

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Models of Decision Making and Behavioural Control in Computational Psychiatry

Models of Decision Making and Behavioural Control in Computational Psychiatry
A Book

by Federico Mancinelli

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experimental Design in Psychiatry

Experimental Design in Psychiatry
Research Methods for Clinical Practice

by Walter W. Surwillo

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Studies in Psychology and Psychiatry from the Catholic University of America

Studies in Psychology and Psychiatry from the Catholic University of America
A Book

by Catholic University of America

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1954
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Studies in Psychology and Psychiatry

Studies in Psychology and Psychiatry
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1950
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The British Journal of Psychiatry

The British Journal of Psychiatry
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Affect and Artificial Intelligence

Affect and Artificial Intelligence
A Book

by Elizabeth A. Wilson

  • Publisher : University of Washington Press
  • Release : 2011-03-01
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9780295800004
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 1950, Alan Turing, the British mathematician, cryptographer, and computer pioneer, looked to the future: now that the conceptual and technical parameters for electronic brains had been established, what kind of intelligence could be built? Should machine intelligence mimic the abstract thinking of a chess player or should it be more like the developing mind of a child? Should an intelligent agent only think, or should it also learn, feel, and grow? Affect and Artificial Intelligence is the first in-depth analysis of affect and intersubjectivity in the computational sciences. Elizabeth Wilson makes use of archival and unpublished material from the early years of AI (1945�70) until the present to show that early researchers were more engaged with questions of emotion than many commentators have assumed. She documents how affectivity was managed in the canonical works of Walter Pitts in the 1940s and Turing in the 1950s, in projects from the 1960s that injected artificial agents into psychotherapeutic encounters, in chess-playing machines from the 1940s to the present, and in the Kismet (sociable robotics) project at MIT in the 1990s.

The Fundamental Crisis in Psychiatry

The Fundamental Crisis in Psychiatry
Unreliability of Diagnosis

by Kenneth Mark Colby,James E. Spar

  • Publisher : Charles C Thomas Pub Limited
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry

Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry
Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

by Jeffrey Poland,Serife Tekin

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2017-01-13
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 0262035480
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Leading scholars offer perspectives from the philosophy of science on the crisis in psychiatric research that exploded after the publication of DSM-5.

Omni

Omni
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986-10
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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