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Computer-Aided Vaccine Design

Computer-Aided Vaccine Design
A Book

by Joo Chuan Tong,Shoba Ranganathan

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-07-31
  • Pages : 164
  • ISBN : 1908818417
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational pre-screening of antigens is now routinely applied to the discovery of vaccine candidates. Computer-aided vaccine design is a comprehensive introduction to this exciting field of study. The book is intended to be a textbook for researchers and for courses in bioinformatics, as well as a laboratory reference guide. It is written mainly for biologists who want to understand the current methods of computer-aided vaccine design. The contents are designed to help biologists appreciate the underlying concepts and algorithms used, as well as limitations of the methods and strategies for their use. Chapters include: MHC and T cell responses; Immunoglobulins and B cell responses; Scientific publications and databases; Database design; Computational T cell vaccine design; Computational B cell vaccine design; infectious disease informatics; Vaccine safety and quality assessments; and Vaccine adjuvant informatics. Essential reading for any biologist who wants to understand methods of computer-aided vaccine design Description of available data sources and publicly available software, with detailed analysis of strengths and weaknesses Theoretical concepts and practical examples of database design and development for a virtual screening campaign

Mambo

Mambo
A Book

by Campbell Armstrong

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 365
  • ISBN : 9780340502884
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational pre-screening of antigens is now routinely applied to the discovery of vaccine candidates. Computer-aided vaccine design is a comprehensive introduction to this exciting field of study. The book is intended to be a textbook for researchers and for courses in bioinformatics, as well as a laboratory reference guide. It is written mainly for biologists who want to understand the current methods of computer-aided vaccine design. The contents are designed to help biologists appreciate the underlying concepts and algorithms used, as well as limitations of the methods and strategies for their use. Chapters include: MHC and T cell responses; Immunoglobulins and B cell responses; Scientific publications and databases; Database design; Computational T cell vaccine design; Computational B cell vaccine design; infectious disease informatics; Vaccine safety and quality assessments; and Vaccine adjuvant informatics. Essential reading for any biologist who wants to understand methods of computer-aided vaccine designDescription of available data sources and publicly available software, with detailed analysis of strengths and weaknessesTheoretical concepts and practical examples of database design and development for a virtual screening campaign

Computer-Aided Drug Design

Computer-Aided Drug Design
A Book

by Dev Bukhsh Singh

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-10-09
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 9811568154
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides up-to-date information on bioinformatics tools for the discovery and development of new drug molecules. It discusses a range of computational applications, including three-dimensional modeling of protein structures, protein-ligand docking, and molecular dynamics simulation of protein-ligand complexes for identifying desirable drug candidates. It also explores computational approaches for identifying potential drug targets and for pharmacophore modeling. Moreover, it presents structure- and ligand-based drug design tools to optimize known drugs and guide the design of new molecules. The book also describes methods for identifying small-molecule binding pockets in proteins, and summarizes the databases used to explore the essential properties of drugs, drug-like small molecules and their targets. In addition, the book highlights various tools to predict the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) and toxicity (T) of potential drug candidates. Lastly, it reviews in silico tools that can facilitate vaccine design and discusses their limitations.

Scientific Modeling and Simulations

Scientific Modeling and Simulations
A Book

by Sidney Yip,Tomas Diaz Rubia

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-04-07
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 1402097417
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although computational modeling and simulation of material deformation was initiated with the study of structurally simple materials and inert environments, there is an increasing demand for predictive simulation of more realistic material structure and physical conditions. In particular, it is recognized that applied mechanical force can plausibly alter chemical reactions inside materials or at material interfaces, though the fundamental reasons for this chemomechanical coupling are studied in a material-speci c manner. Atomistic-level s- ulations can provide insight into the unit processes that facilitate kinetic reactions within complex materials, but the typical nanosecond timescales of such simulations are in contrast to the second-scale to hour-scale timescales of experimentally accessible or technologically relevant timescales. Further, in complex materials these key unit processes are “rare events” due to the high energy barriers associated with those processes. Examples of such rare events include unbinding between two proteins that tether biological cells to extracellular materials [1], unfolding of complex polymers, stiffness and bond breaking in amorphous glass bers and gels [2], and diffusive hops of point defects within crystalline alloys [3].

Molecular Docking for Computer-Aided Drug Design

Molecular Docking for Computer-Aided Drug Design
Fundamentals, Techniques, Resources and Applications

by Mohane S. Coumar

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-03-01
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 0128223138
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Docking for Computer-Aided Drug Design: Fundamentals, Techniques, Resources and Applications offers in-depth coverage on the use of molecular docking for drug design. The book is divided into three main sections that cover basic techniques, tools, web servers and applications. It is an essential reference for students and researchers involved in drug design and discovery. Covers the latest information and state-of-the-art trends in structure-based drug design methodologies Includes case studies that complement learning Consolidates fundamental concepts and current practice of molecular docking into one convenient resource

Zika Virus Surveillance, Vaccinology, and Anti-Zika Drug Discovery

Zika Virus Surveillance, Vaccinology, and Anti-Zika Drug Discovery
Computer-Assisted Strategies to Combat the Menace

by Subhash C. Basak,Ashesh Nandy

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-03-15
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9781536149708
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The bubonic plague, smallpox, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and influenza are some of the worst epidemics/pandemics that afflicted human beings from antiquity to modern times, killing millions of people. The mosquito-borne human-infecting viruses, rotavirus, and the seasonal influenza regularly affect lives across continents in the millions. Currently, we are facing various disease-inducing organisms of the Flavivirus family the Yellow fever virus (YFV), West Nile virus (WNV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), Dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV). Zika virus was first isolated from a febrile rhesus monkey in the Zika forest of Uganda in 1947. It drew out heightened attention following the large number of microcephaly in newborn babies in Latin America in 2015. On 1 February 2016, WHO declared that the association of Zika infection with clusters of microcephaly and other neurological disorders constituted a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Although the severity and number of ZIKV afflicted cases have gone down lately, the public health community worldwide is keeping a watchful eye on it. ZIKV is an enveloped virus with a positive-sense RNA genome that translates into a single polypeptide, which then gets cleaved into three structural and seven nonstructural viral proteins. As compared to the earlier centuries, we have an expanding repertoire of diverse and fast acting technologies available at our hand to manage and mitigate emerging diseases. Completion of the Human Genome Project has given rise to sequencing methods which can quickly determine the genetic sequence of an alarming pathogen. Following Moores law, the power of computers, essential for data analysis and visualization, has grown substantially with time. The combination of genomic data of pathogens, computational modeling methods, and data driven methodologies can lead to a generic approach of surveillance, mitigation, vaccine design as well as new drug discovery for emerging pathogens. The four pillars of this may consist of: a) Epidemiological approaches for the characterization of carriers of next possible emerging pathogens; b) Fast computational sequence comparison methods for the characterization of emerging pathogens to understand how novel or severe they could be; c) Once the sequences of the pathogen have been determined, computer-aided vaccine design (CAVD) methods can be used to suggest a set of probable vaccine candidates for quick synthesis and testing in the laboratory; and d) Computer-assisted design of novel therapeutics and their laboratory testing as well as repurposing of already existing FDA-approved drugs. A combination of different classes of methods in vivo, in vitro and in silico will be needed to tackle suddenly emerging viruses like the Zika virus. As in many other fields of biomedical research, high throughput and low cost in silico technologies may provide the first line of defense against such emerging pathogens providing decision support systems for the judicious applications of medium throughput in vitro methods and low throughput as well as costly in vivo techniques. An emerging trend in many scientific disciplines is a strong tendency of being transformed into some form of information science. The editors of this book sincerely hope that the four-pronged computer-assisted approach described in this book will help in managing and mitigating emerging infectious diseases like Zika.

Computational Immunology

Computational Immunology
Applications

by Shyamasree Ghosh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-01-31
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 1351023497
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational Immunology: Applications focuses on different mathematical models, statistical tools, techniques, and computational modelling that helps in understanding complex phenomena of the immune system and its biological functions. The book also focuses on the latest developments in computational biology in designing of drugs, targets, biomarkers for early detection and prognosis of a disease. It highlights the applications of computational methods in deciphering the complex processes of the immune system and its role in health and disease. This book discusses the most essential topics, including Next generation sequencing (NGS) and computational immunology Computational modelling and biology of diseases Drug designing Computation and identification of biomarkers Application in organ transplantation Application in disease detection and therapy Computational methods and applications in understanding of the invertebrate immune system S Ghosh is MSc, PhD, PGDHE, PGDBI, is PhD from IICB, CSIR, Kolkata, awarded the prestigious National Scholarship from the Government of India. She has worked and published extensively in glycobiology, sialic acids, immunology, stem cells and nanotechnology. She has authored several publications that include books and encyclopedia chapters in reputed journals and books.

Antigens—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Antigens—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2012-12-26
  • Pages : 429
  • ISBN : 1464993645
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Antigens—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Antigens. The editors have built Antigens—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Antigens in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Antigens—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Computer-Aided Applications in Pharmaceutical Technology

Computer-Aided Applications in Pharmaceutical Technology
A Book

by Jelena Djuris

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-04-10
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 1908818328
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research and development in the pharmaceutical industry is a time-consuming and expensive process, making it difficult for newly developed drugs to be formulated into commercially available products. Both formulation and process development can be optimized by means of statistically organized experiments, artificial intelligence and other computational methods. Simultaneous development and investigation of pharmaceutical products and processes enables application of quality by design concept that is being promoted by the regulatory authorities worldwide. Computer-aided applications in pharmaceutical technology covers the fundamentals of experimental design application and interpretation in pharmaceutical technology, chemometric methods with emphasis of their application in process control, neural computing (artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic and decision trees, evolutionary computing and genetic algorithms, self-organizing maps), computer-aided biopharmaceutical characterization as well as application of computational fluid dynamics in pharmaceutical technology. All of these techniques are essential tools for successful building of quality into pharmaceutical products and processes from the early stage of their development to selection of the optimal ones. In addition to theoretical aspects of various methods, the book provides numerous examples of their application in the field of pharmaceutical technology. A comprehensive review of the current state of the art on various computer aided applications in pharmaceutical technology Case studies are presented in order to facilitate understanding of various concepts in computer-aided applications

Computational Intelligence Techniques for Combating COVID-19

Computational Intelligence Techniques for Combating COVID-19
A Book

by Sandeep Kautish,Sheng-Lung Peng,Ahmed J. Obaid

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 3030689360
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the latest cutting edge research, theoretical methods, and novel applications in the field of computational intelligence and computational biological approaches that are aiming to combat COVID-19. The book gives the technological key drivers behind using AI to find drugs that target the virus, shedding light on the structure of COVID-19, detecting the outbreak and spread of new diseases, spotting signs of a COVID-19 infection in medical images, monitoring how the virus and lockdown is affecting mental health, and forecasting how COVID-19 cases and deaths will spread across cities and why. Further, the book helps readers understand computational intelligence techniques combating COVID-19 in a simple and systematic way. Provides a comprehensive reference covering innovations and development of theories, conceptual models and computational algorithms focused on COVID-19; Asserts all relevant research, key themes, complex adaptive systems, metrics and paradigms dedicated towards COVID-19, enabled with evolutionary methods of computational sciences; Explores how AI and computational techniques can help to predict which patients with the virus would go on to develop Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS).

Computer-Aided Drug Design

Computer-Aided Drug Design
A Book

by Dev Bukhsh Singh

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2020-10-10
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 9789811568145
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book provides up-to-date information on bioinformatics tools for the discovery and development of new drug molecules. It discusses a range of computational applications, including three-dimensional modeling of protein structures, protein-ligand docking, and molecular dynamics simulation of protein-ligand complexes for identifying desirable drug candidates. It also explores computational approaches for identifying potential drug targets and for pharmacophore modeling. Moreover, it presents structure- and ligand-based drug design tools to optimize known drugs and guide the design of new molecules. The book also describes methods for identifying small-molecule binding pockets in proteins, and summarizes the databases used to explore the essential properties of drugs, drug-like small molecules and their targets. In addition, the book highlights various tools to predict the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) and toxicity (T) of potential drug candidates. Lastly, it reviews in silico tools that can facilitate vaccine design and discusses their limitations.

Drug Resistance in Leishmania Parasites

Drug Resistance in Leishmania Parasites
Consequences, Molecular Mechanisms and Possible Treatments

by Alicia Ponte-Sucre,Maritza Padrón-Nieves

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-23
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 3319741861
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Drug resistance is a fundamental factor in treatment failure in diseases like leishmaniasis, although additional factors also play a role in this phenomenon. This volume is the second edition of a well-received book that provides a comprehensive update on the pathology of the disease, as well as on the concept of parasitic drug resistance, its molecular basis, consequences and possible treatments. A valuable resource for scientists both from academia and industry involved in biomedical research and drug design, the book provides the knowledge needed to understand leishmaniasis and to contibute to combatting this disease worldwide.

The Design and Development of Novel Drugs and Vaccines

The Design and Development of Novel Drugs and Vaccines
Principles and Protocols

by Tarun Kumar Bhatt,Surendra Nimesh

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-01-21
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 0128214759
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Design and Development of Novel Drugs and Vaccines: Principles and Protocols presents both in silico methods and experimental protocols for vaccine and drug design and development, critically reviewing the most current research and emphasizing approaches and technologies that accelerate and lower the cost of product development. Sections review the technologies and approaches used to identify, characterize and establish a protein as a new drug and vaccine target, cover several molecular methods for in vitro studies of the desired target, and present various physiological parameters for in vivo studies. The book includes preclinical trials and research, along with information on FDA approval. Covers both in silico methods and experimental protocols for vaccine and drug development in a single, accessible volume Offers a holistic accounting of how developments in bioinformatics and large experimental datasets can be used in the development of vaccines and drugs Shows researchers the entire gamut of current therapies, ranging from computational inputs to animal studies Reviews the most current, cutting-edge research available on vaccine and drug design and development

Proteomics in Foods

Proteomics in Foods
Principles and Applications

by Fidel Toldrá,Leo M. L. Nollet

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-16
  • Pages : 590
  • ISBN : 1461456266
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Food proteomics is one of the most dynamic and fast-developing areas in food science. The goal of this book is to be a reference guide on the principles and the current and future potential applications of proteomics in food science and technology. More specifically, the book will discuss recent developments and the expected trends of the near future in food proteomics. The book will be divided into two parts. The first part (7 chapters) will focus on the basic principles for proteomics, e.g., sample preparation, such as extraction and separation techniques, analytical instrumentation currently in use, and available databases for peptide and protein identification. The second part of the book (26 chapters) will focus on applications in foods. It will deal with quality issues related to post-mortem processes in animal foods and quality traits for all foods in general, as well as the identification of bioactive peptides and proteins, which are very important from the nutritional point of view. Furthermore, consumers are now extremely susceptible to food safety issues, and proteomics can provide reassurance with different safety aspects, such as food authenticity, detection of animal species in the food, and identification of food allergens. All of these issues will be covered in this book. It is also worth noting that both editors are internationally recognized experts in the field of food science, and both have edited numerous food science books and handbooks.

Vaccines—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Vaccines—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2012-12-26
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 1464998248
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Vaccines—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Vaccines. The editors have built Vaccines—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Vaccines in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Vaccines—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Big Data Analytics in Chemoinformatics and Bioinformatics

Big Data Analytics in Chemoinformatics and Bioinformatics
With Applications to Computer-aided Drug Design, Cancer Biology, Emerging Pathogens and Computational Toxicology

by Subhash C. Basak,Marjan Vracko

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2022-01-15
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 9780323857130
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Big Data Analytics in Chemoinformatics and Bioinformatics provides an up-to-date presentation of big data analytics methods and their applications in diverse fields. Various aspects of science, technology, and health care are affected by big data and associated prediction tools. The proper management of big data for decision making in scientific and social issues is of paramount importance. This book gives researchers the tools they need to solve big data problems in these fields. The book begins with a section on general topics that all readers will find useful, and it continues with specific sections covering a range of interdisciplinary applications. An international team of leading experts review their respective fields and present their own latest research findings, and case studies are utilized throughout to analyze and present key information. Brings together the current knowledge on the most important aspects of big data, such as analyses using deep learning and fuzzy logic, transparency and data protection, disparate data analytics, and scalability of big data domain Covers many applications of big data analysis in diverse fields such as chemistry, chemoinformatics, bioinformatics, computer-assisted drug/vaccine design, characterization of emerging pathogens, and environmental protection Highlights the considerable benefits offered by big data analytics to science, biomedical fields and industry

Synthetic Peptide Vaccine Models

Synthetic Peptide Vaccine Models
Design, Synthesis, Purification and Characterization

by Mesut Karahan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-03-01
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 1000342778
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A new generation of technological vaccines protect against many infectious diseases. This book describes synthetic peptide-based vaccine prototypes – the future of vaccination. Production of peptides becomes simple using automatic synthesizers. Peptides are weak immunogen and need adjuvants to provide an effective autoimmune response, which is why peptide antigens are conjugated with biopolymers and loaded with nanoparticles. The book illustrates the use of peptides vaccine systems and makes predictions of future development not only for infectious diseases, but also for cancers and brain diseases such as Alzheimer, Parkinson and psychiatric diseases. Key Features Summarizes current studies on technological vaccines Describes the uses of vaccines for the prevention of brain diseases Reviews the ways different polymers are used to enhance vaccine efficacy

Systems and Computational Biology

Systems and Computational Biology
Bioinformatics and Computational Modeling

by Ning-Sun Yang

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-09-12
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 9533078758
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Whereas some "microarray" or "bioinformatics" scientists among us may have been criticized as doing "cataloging research", the majority of us believe that we are sincerely exploring new scientific and technological systems to benefit human health, human food and animal feed production, and environmental protections. Indeed, we are humbled by the complexity, extent and beauty of cross-talks in various biological systems; on the other hand, we are becoming more educated and are able to start addressing honestly and skillfully the various important issues concerning translational medicine, global agriculture, and the environment. The two volumes of this book present a series of high-quality research or review articles in a timely fashion to this emerging research field of our scientific community.

Immunoinformatics

Immunoinformatics
Bioinformatic Strategies for Better Understanding of Immune Function

by Gregory R. Bock,Jamie A. Goode

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2004-03-05
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0470090758
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The astounding diversity of the immune system and the complexity of its regulatory pathways makes immunology a combinatorial science. Computational analysis has therefore become an essential element of immunology research and this has led to the creation of the emerging field of immunoinformatics. This book is the first to feature thorough coverage of this new field. Immunoinformatics facilitates the understanding of immune function by modelling the interactions among immunological components. Biological research provides ever deeper insights into the complexity of living organisms while computer science provides an effective means to store and analyse large volumes of complex data. Combining the two fields increases the efficiency of biological research and offers the potential for major advances in the study of biological systems. This book encompasses key developments in immunoinformatics, including immunological databases, sequence analysis, structure modelling, mathematical modelling of the immune system, simulation of laboratory experiments, statistical support for immunological experimentation and immunogenomics. The difficulties in effective application of bioinformatic tools in immunology arise at both ends of the spectrum: most immunologists have only a limited comprehension of sophisticated data analysis and applicability and limitations, while the average computer scientist lacks knowledge of the depth and complexity of biological data. The purpose of this book, therefore, is to present contributions from a multidisciplinary team of biologists and computer scientists to explore the issues related to better understanding of immune function and, in particular, to help apply new computer science methods to immunological research. Related Novartis Foundation symposia: 247 In Silico Simulation of Biological Processes Chair: Denis Noble 252 Generation and effector functions of regulatory lymphocytes Chair: Jean-François Bach

Reverse Vaccinology

Reverse Vaccinology
A Book

by Pedro A Reche,Richard Moxon,Rino Rappuoli

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-01-15
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889633853
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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