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Continuous Issues in Numerical Cognition

Continuous Issues in Numerical Cognition
How Many or How Much

by Avishai Henik

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-05-18
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 0128017937
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Continuous Issues in Numerical Cognition: How Many or How Much re-examines the widely accepted view that there exists a core numerical system within human beings and an innate ability to perceive and count discrete quantities. This core knowledge involves the brain’s intraparietal sulcus, and a deficiency in this region has traditionally been thought to be the basis for arithmetic disability. However, new research findings suggest this wide agreement needs to be examined carefully and that perception of sizes and other non-countable amounts may be the true precursors of numerical ability. This cutting-edge book examines the possibility that perception and evaluation of non-countable dimensions may be involved in the development of numerical cognition. Discussions of the above and related issues are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. Serves as an innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and the branches that converge on this diverse topic Features chapters from leading researchers in the field Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition and discusses the measures that can be used in analysis Introduces novel ideas that connect non-countable continuous variables to numerical cognition

Heterogeneous Contributions to Numerical Cognition

Heterogeneous Contributions to Numerical Cognition
Learning and Education in Mathematical Cognition

by Wim Fias,Avishai Henik

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-05-28
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 0128174153
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Arithmetic disability stems from deficits in neurodevelopment, with great individual differences in development or function of an individual at neuroanatomical, neuropsychological, behavioral, and interactional levels. Heterogeneous Contributions to Numerical Cognition: Learning and Education in Mathematical Cognition examines research in mathematical education methods and their neurodevelopmental basis, focusing on the underlying neurodevelopmental features that must be taken into account when teaching and learning mathematics. Cognitive domains and functions such as executive functions, memory, attention, and language contribute to numerical cognition and are essential for its proper development. These lines of research and thinking in neuroscience are discussed in this book to further the understanding of the neurodevelopmental and cognitive basis of more complex forms of mathematics – and how to best teach them. By unravelling the basic building blocks of numerical thinking and the developmental basis of human capacity for arithmetic, this book and the discussions within are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. A novel innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and neurodevelopment underlying mathematical education Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition written by world-leading researchers in the numerical cognition and neurodevelopment fields Features an innovative organization with each section providing a general overview, developmental research, neurocognitive mechanisms, and discussion about relevant studies

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition
A Book

by Avishai Henik,Wim Fias

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-05-17
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0128115300
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition presents the latest updates on ongoing research and discussions regarding numerical cognition. With great individual differences in the development or function of numerical cognition at neuroanatomical, neuropsychological, behavioral, and interactional levels, these issues are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, hence its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. These functions are essential for the proper development of numerical cognition. Provides an innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and the branches that converge on this diverse cognitive domain Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition Focuses on factors that influence numerical cognition, such as language, executive attention, memory and spatial processing Features an innovative organization with each section providing a general overview, developmental research, and evidence from neurocognitive studies

Numerical Cognition

Numerical Cognition
A Book

by Andre Knops

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-12-19
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 1000766454
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Numerical Cognition: The Basics provides an understanding of the neural and cognitive mechanisms that enable us to perceive, process, and memorize numerical information. Starting from basic numerical competencies that humans share with other species, the book explores the mental coding of numbers and their neural representation. It explains the strategies of mental calculation, their pitfalls and their development, as well as the developmental steps children make while learning about numbers. The book gradually builds our understanding of the underlying mental processes of numeracy and concludes with an insightful examination of the diagnosis, etiology and treatment of dyscalculia. Written in an accessible manner, the book summarizes and critically evaluates the major psychological explanations for various empirical phenomena in numerical cognition. Containing a wealth of student-friendly features including end of chapter summaries, informative figures, further reading lists, and links to relevant websites, Numerical Cognition: The Basics is an essential starting point for anybody new to the field.

On the Development of Space-Number Relations: Linguistic and Cognitive Determinants, Influences, and Associations

On the Development of Space-Number Relations: Linguistic and Cognitive Determinants, Influences, and Associations
A Book

by Hans-Christoph Nuerk,Krzysztof Cipora,Frank Domahs,Maciej Haman

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-03-30
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889635880
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Cambridge Handbook of Cognition and Education

The Cambridge Handbook of Cognition and Education
A Book

by John Dunlosky,Katherine A. Rawson

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-02-07
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108245102
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Handbook reviews a wealth of research in cognitive and educational psychology that investigates how to enhance learning and instruction to aid students struggling to learn and to advise teachers on how best to support student learning. The Handbook includes features that inform readers about how to improve instruction and student achievement based on scientific evidence across different domains, including science, mathematics, reading and writing. Each chapter supplies a description of the learning goal, a balanced presentation of the current evidence about the efficacy of various approaches to obtaining that learning goal, and a discussion of important future directions for research in this area. It is the ideal resource for researchers continuing their study of this field or for those only now beginning to explore how to improve student achievement.

Animal Cognition

Animal Cognition
Evolution, Behavior and Cognition

by Clive D.L. Wynne,Monique A. R. Udell

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2020-11-27
  • Pages : 393
  • ISBN : 1137611286
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thoroughly updated for its third edition with the latest research in the field, this innovative text delivers an apt and comprehensive introduction to the rich and complex world of animal behaviour and cognition. Discover pivotal case studies and experiments that have irrevocably shaped how we view the psychological and social lives of animals and discover such key cognitive topics as memory, communication and sensory perception. Projecting an insightful scope into the cognitive world of animals, from considering the use of tools in birds to the dance communication system of the honey bee, Wynne and Udell analyse and explain the importance of the observations and studies that have led to the greater understanding of how animals learn, perceive social relations, form concepts, experience time and navigate space. Written by two leading researchers in the field, including the author of the best-selling popular science book Dog is Love, this textbook is a complete resource for students of animal cognition, animal behaviour or comparative psychology.

Number without language: comparative psychology and the evolution of numerical cognition

Number without language: comparative psychology and the evolution of numerical cognition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889191435
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Approximate Number System and Mathematics

Approximate Number System and Mathematics
A Book

by Jingguang Li,Xinlin Zhou,Marcus Lindskog

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-11-25
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889632083
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Humans process quantity information without the aid of language or symbols to guide a variety of everyday life decisions. The cognitive system that supports this intuitive skill is often referred to as the approximate number system (ANS). It has been argued that the ANS serves as the foundation of the formal symbolic number system—mathematics. Abundant empirical evidence is supportive of this view: acuity of the ANS is positively correlated with symbolic math performance, training of the ANS may cause improvements in symbolic math performance, and the ANS and symbolic number processing may share a common neural underpinning. However, recently several theories and empirical data cast doubt on the role of the ANS in symbolic math processing. This e-book aims to advance our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of the overlap between the ANS and mathematics.

The Cambridge Handbook of Animal Cognition

The Cambridge Handbook of Animal Cognition
A Book

by Allison B. Kaufman,Josep Call,James C. Kaufman

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2021-06-30
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 110856125X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook lays out the science behind how animals think, remember, create, calculate, and remember. It provides concise overviews on major areas of study such as animal communication and language, memory and recall, social cognition, social learning and teaching, numerical and quantitative abilities, as well as innovation and problem solving. The chapters also explore more nuanced topics in greater detail, showing how the research was conducted and how it can be used for further study. The authors range from academics working in renowned university departments to those from research institutions and practitioners in zoos. The volume encompasses a wide variety of species, ensuring the breadth of the field is explored.

Constructions of Neuroscience in Early Childhood Education

Constructions of Neuroscience in Early Childhood Education
A Book

by Michel Vandenbroeck,Jan De Vos,Wim Fias,Liselott Mariett Olsson,Helen Penn,Dave Wastell,Sue White

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-07-14
  • Pages : 98
  • ISBN : 1315445107
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores and critiques topical debates in educational sciences, philosophy, social work and cognitive neuroscience. It examines constructions of children, parents and the welfare state in relation to neurosciences and its vocabulary of brain architecture, critical periods and toxic stress. The authors provide insight into the historical roots of the relationship between early childhood education policy and practice and sciences. The book argues that the neurophilia in the early childhood education field is not a coincidence, but relates to larger societal changes that value economic arguments over ethical, social and eminently pedagogical concerns. It affects the image of the child, the parent and the very meaning of education in general. Constructions of Neuroscience in Early Childhood Education discusses what neuroscience has to offer, what its limitations are, and how to gain a more nuanced view on its benefits and challenges. The debates in this book will support early childhood researchers, students and practitioners in the field to make their own judgements about new evolutions in the scientific discourse.

Self-Control in Animals and People

Self-Control in Animals and People
A Book

by Michael Beran

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-08-11
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 0128125098
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Self-Control in Animals and People takes an interdisciplinary look at what self-control is, how it works, and whether humans are alone as a species in their ability to demonstrate self-control. The book outlines historical and recent empirical approaches to understanding when self-control succeeds and fails, and which species may share with humans the ability to anticipate better future outcomes. It also provides readers with in-depth explorations of whether various species can delay gratification, the ways in which people and animals exhibit other forms of self-control, what influences the capacity and expression of self-control, and much more. In addition to its comprehensive coverage of self-control research, the book also describes self-control assessment tests that can be used with young children, adults, and a wide variety of nonhuman species, with the goal of making fair and clear comparisons among the groups. This combination makes Self-Control in Animals and People a valuable resource for cognitive, developmental, and clinical psychologists, philosophers, academic students and researchers in psychology and the social sciences, and animal behaviorists. Provides a comprehensive perspective of the evolutionary emergence of self-control across species Explores different "kinds" of self-control and their links to one another, and whether self-control can be improved or strengthened Offers insight on mental time travel (chronesthesia) and how it relates to self-control Demonstrates how to develop self-control tests for human and nonhuman animals, and how to make fair and clear comparisons among those groups

Augmented Cognition

Augmented Cognition
15th International Conference, AC 2021, Held as Part of the 23rd HCI International Conference, HCII 2021, Virtual Event, July 24–29, 2021, Proceedings

by Dylan D. Schmorrow,Cali M. Fidopiastis

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-07-03
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN : 3030781143
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Augmented Cognition, AC 2021, held as part of the 23rd International Conference, HCI International 2021, held as a virtual event, in July 2021. The total of 1276 papers and 241 posters included in the 39 HCII 2021 proceedings volumes was carefully reviewed and selected from 5222 submissions. AC 2021 includes a total of 32 papers; they were organized in topical sections named: BCI and brain activity measurement physiological measuring and human performance; modelling human cognition; and augmented cognition in complex environments.​

Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change

Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change
A Book

by David Barner,Andrew Scott Baron

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2016-06-30
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0190467649
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We acquire concepts such as "atom," "force," "integer," and "democracy" long after we are born; these concepts are not part of the initial cognitive state of human beings. Other concepts like "object," "cause," or "agent" may be present early in infancy--if not innately. Processes of change occur throughout our conceptual development, which prompts two key questions: Which human concepts constitute innate, core knowledge? How do humans acquire new concepts, and how do these concepts change in development? Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change provides a unique theoretical and empirical introduction to the study of conceptual development, documenting key advances in case studies, including ground-breaking science on human representations of language, objects, number, events, color, space, time, beliefs, and desires. Additionally, it explores how humans engage in moral reasoning and causal explanation: Are humans born good and tainted by an imperfect world, or do we need to teach children to be moral? Could a concept like "freedom" be woven into the human soul, or is it a historical invention, constructed over generations of humans? Written by an eminent list of contributors renowned in child development and cognitive science, this book delves widely, and deeply, into the cognitive tools available at birth that are repurposed, combined, and transformed to complex, abstract adult conceptual representations, and should be of interest to developmental psychologists, linguists, philosophers, and students of cognitive science.

Visualizing Mathematics

Visualizing Mathematics
The Role of Spatial Reasoning in Mathematical Thought

by Kelly S. Mix,Michael T. Battista

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-12-07
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 3319987674
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This unique volume surveys recent research on spatial visualization in mathematics in the fields of cognitive psychology and mathematics education. The general topic of spatial skill and mathematics has a long research tradition, but has been gaining attention in recent years, although much of this research happens in disconnected subfields. This volume aims to promote interaction between researchers, not only to provide a more comprehensive view of spatial visualization and mathematics, but also to stimulate innovative new directions in research based on a more coordinated effort. It features ten chapters authored by leading researchers in cognitive psychology and mathematics education, as well as includes dynamic commentaries by mathematics education researchers on cognitive psychology chapters, and by cognitive psychologists on mathematics education chapters. Among the topics included: From intuitive spatial measurement to understanding of units. Spatial reasoning: a critical problem-solving tool in children’s mathematics strategy tool-kit. What processes underlie the relation between spatial skill and mathematics? Learning with and from drawing in early years geometry. Communication of visual information and complexity of reasoning by mathematically talented students. Visualizing Mathematics makes substantial progress in understanding the role of spatial reasoning in mathematical thought and in connecting various subfields of research. It promises to make an impact among psychologists, education scholars, and mathematics educators in the convergence of psychology and education.

Mathematical Learning and Cognition in Early Childhood

Mathematical Learning and Cognition in Early Childhood
Integrating Interdisciplinary Research into Practice

by Katherine M. Robinson,Helena P. Osana,Donna Kotsopoulos

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-07
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 3030128954
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores mathematical learning and cognition in early childhood from interdisciplinary perspectives, including developmental psychology, neuroscience, cognitive psychology, and education. It examines how infants and young children develop numerical and mathematical skills, why some children struggle to acquire basic abilities, and how parents, caregivers, and early childhood educators can promote early mathematical development. The first section of the book focuses on infancy and toddlerhood with a particular emphasis on the home environment and how parents can foster early mathematical skills to prepare their children for formal schooling. The second section examines topics in preschool and kindergarten, such as the development of counting procedures and principles, the use of mathematics manipulatives in instruction, and the impacts of early intervention. The final part of the book focuses on particular instructional approaches in the elementary school years, such as different additive concepts, schema-based instruction, and methods of division. Chapters analyze the ways children learn to think about, work with, and master the language of mathematical concepts, as well as provide effective approaches to screening and intervention. Included among the topics: The relationship between early gender differences and future mathematical learning and participation. The connection between mathematical and computational thinking. Patterning abilities in young children. Supporting children with learning difficulties and intellectual disabilities. The effectiveness of tablets as elementary mathematics education tools. Mathematical Learning and Cognition in Early Childhood is an essential resource for researchers, graduate students, and professionals in infancy and early childhood development, child and school psychology, neuroscience, mathematics education, educational psychology, and social work.

International Handbook of Mathematical Learning Difficulties

International Handbook of Mathematical Learning Difficulties
From the Laboratory to the Classroom

by Annemarie Fritz,Vitor Geraldi Haase,Pekka Räsänen

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-01-30
  • Pages : 843
  • ISBN : 3319971484
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive volume provides teachers, researchers and education professionals with cutting edge knowledge developed in the last decades by the educational, behavioural and neurosciences, integrating cognitive, developmental and socioeconomic approaches to deal with the problems children face in learning mathematics. The neurocognitive mechanisms and the cognitive processes underlying acquisition of arithmetic abilities and their significance for education have been the subject of intense research in the last few decades, but the most part of this research has been conducted in non-applied settings and there’s still a deep discrepancy between the level of scientific knowledge and its implementation into actual educational settings. Now it’s time to bring the results from the laboratory to the classroom. Apart from bringing the theoretical discussions to educational settings, the volume presents a wide range of methods for early detection of children with risks in mathematics learning and strategies to develop effective interventions based on innovative cognitive test instruments. It also provides insights to translate research knowledge into public policies in order to address socioeconomic issues. And it does so from an international perspective, dedicating a whole section to the cultural diversity of mathematics learning difficulties in different parts of the world. All of this makes the International Handbook of Mathematical Learning Difficulties an essential tool for those involved in the daily struggle to prepare the future generations to succeed in the global knowledge society.

The Cambridge Handbook of Infant Development

The Cambridge Handbook of Infant Development
Brain, Behavior, and Cultural Context

by Jeffrey J. Lockman,Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2020-07-31
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108663001
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This multidisciplinary volume features many of the world's leading experts of infant development, who synthesize their research on infant learning and behaviour, while integrating perspectives across neuroscience, socio-cultural context, and policy. It offers an unparalleled overview of infant development across foundational areas such as prenatal development, brain development, epigenetics, physical growth, nutrition, cognition, language, attachment, and risk. The chapters present theoretical and empirical depth and rigor across specific domains of development, while highlighting reciprocal connections among brain, behavior, and social-cultural context. The handbook simultaneously educates, enriches, and encourages. It educates through detailed reviews of innovative methods and empirical foundations and enriches by considering the contexts of brain, culture, and policy. This cutting-edge volume establishes an agenda for future research and policy, and highlights research findings and application for advanced students, researchers, practitioners, and policy-makers with interests in understanding and promoting infant development.

Essentials of Specific Learning Disability Identification

Essentials of Specific Learning Disability Identification
A Book

by Vincent C. Alfonso,Dawn P. Flanagan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-04-03
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 1119313848
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Practical, up-to-date guidance on identifying Specific Learning Disability Essentials of Specific Learning Disability Identification provides accessible, authoritative guidance on specific learning disability (SLD), with the most up-to-date information on assessment, identification, interventions, and more. Contributions by leading experts examine multiple theoretical orientations and various identification approaches for dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, and other common SLDs. Emphasizing real-world utility, this book provides important information for professionals who work with children and youth at risk; many of the SLD identification practices can be put to work immediately, and the expert coverage offers many strategies and interventions for student support in the classroom. This new second edition has been updated to align with the most current understanding of SLD manifestations, diagnostic assessment, and evidence-based interventions, and includes new material covering nonverbal learning disability, speech-language impairment, general learning difficulties, and differentially diagnosing SLD from other conditions. Early SLD identification and the right kind of help can raise the trajectory of a child's life. This book provides in-depth information to facilitate accurate identification and appropriate intervention to help you help the children in your care. Understand how SLD manifests in academic performance Learn theory- and research-based approaches to SLD identification Examine the latest information about new aspects of SLD determination Utilize appropriate and effective intervention strategies for student support If a child's learning disability is caught early, and the correct type of support is provided, that child gets the chance to develop the skills that lead to achievement in school and beyond. As a high-incidence disorder, SLD affects 10-15 percent of the general population, making successful identification an essential skill for those who work with children. Essentials of Specific Learning Disability Identification provides authoritative guidance and practical methods that can help you start changing children's lives today.

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition
A Book

by Roi Kadosh,Ann Dowker

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2015-07-30
  • Pages : 1144
  • ISBN : 0191036005
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How do we understand numbers? Do animals and babies have numerical abilities? Why do some people fail to grasp numbers, and how we can improve numerical understanding? Numbers are vital to so many areas of life: in science, economics, sports, education, and many aspects of everyday life from infancy onwards. Numerical cognition is a vibrant area that brings together scientists from different and diverse research areas (e.g., neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, comparative psychology, anthropology, education, and neuroscience) using different methodological approaches (e.g., behavioral studies of healthy children and adults and of patients; electrophysiology and brain imaging studies in humans; single-cell neurophysiology in non-human primates, habituation studies in human infants and animals, and computer modeling). While the study of numerical cognition had been relatively neglected for a long time, during the last decade there has been an explosion of studies and new findings. This has resulted in an enormous advance in our understanding of the neural and cognitive mechanisms of numerical cognition. In addition, there has recently been increasing interest and concern about pupils' mathematical achievement in many countries, resulting in attempts to use research to guide mathematics instruction in schools, and to develop interventions for children with mathematical difficulties. This handbook brings together the different research areas that make up the field of numerical cognition in one comprehensive and authoritative volume. The chapters provide a broad and extensive review that is written in an accessible form for scholars and students, as well as educationalists, clinicians, and policy makers. The book covers the most important aspects of research on numerical cognition from the areas of development psychology, cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and rehabilitation, learning disabilities, human and animal cognition and neuroscience, computational modeling, education and individual differences, and philosophy. Containing more than 60 chapters by leading specialists in their fields, the Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition is a state-of-the-art review of the current literature.