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Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems
A Book

by Bapu Vaitla

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-09-01
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 012820916X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems analyzes cooperation within both biological networks and human societies. The book’s approach is cross-disciplinary, focusing on key ideas and methods from genetics, biology, ecology, economics, and political science, while guiding students to make conceptual and mathematical connections between fields. The core objective of the book is to help students perceive the deep, common structure of networked interaction in nature, and to gain the tools necessary to formally analyze cooperation. The book begins by offering a conceptual and mathematical toolkit centered on game theory and network science. Readers then apply these tools to the study of biological phenomena, including genetic networks, endosymbiosis, intraspecies cooperation, and mutualisms, in the following chapters. The final portion of the book presents case studies of the most pressing problems of collective action facing global society today, including climate change, cyberterrorism, and infectious disease, applying the lessons of biological and social evolution to the search for cooperative solutions. Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems is a valuable resource for readers looking to gain further insight into biological networks and animal and human biology. This book is also helpful for students across academic disciplines aside from biology, including ecology, genetics, and political science. Describes and examines game theory and network science, providing readers with the rigorous quantitative foundation needed to link concepts across widely varying systems Structured to proceed sequentially through biological systems of increasing structural complexity, genomes, cells, organisms, ecological communities, to understand the nested nature of cooperation Includes key term lists, practice exercises, and detailed answers for reader engagement

Levels of Integration in Biological and Social Systems

Levels of Integration in Biological and Social Systems
A Book

by Robert Redfield

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1942
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems

Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems
A Book

by Frank Schweitzer

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2002-12-09
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 9814488356
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Economics and the social sciences are, in fact, the “hard” sciences, as Herbert Simon argued, because the complexity of the problems dealt with cannot simply be reduced to analytically solvable models or decomposed into separate subprocesses. Nevertheless, in recent years, the emerging interdisciplinary “sciences of complexity” have provided new methods and tools for tackling these problems, ranging from complex data analysis to sophisticated computer simulations. In particular, advanced methods developed in the natural sciences have recently also been applied to social and economic problems. The twenty-one chapters of this book reflect this modern development from various modeling perspectives (such as agent-based models, evolutionary game theory, reinforcement learning and neural network techniques, time series analysis, non-equilibrium macroscopic dynamics) and for a broad range of socio-economic applications (market dynamics, technological evolution, spatial dynamics and economic growth, decision processes, and agent societies). They jointly demonstrate a shift of perspective in economics and the social sciences that is allowing a new outlook in this field to emerge. Contents:Market Dynamics:Trading Behavior and Excess Volatility in Toy Markets (M Marsili & D Challet)Percolation Models of Financial Market Dynamics (D Stauffer)Electrodynamical Model of Quasi-Efficient Financial Markets (K N Ilinski & A S Stepanenko)Multi-Agent Market Modeling of Foreign Exchange Rates (G Zimmermann et al.)Forecasting Price Increments Using an Artificial Neural Network (F Castiglione)Spectral Regularization, Data Complexity and Agent Behavior (A Ilyinsky)Technological Evolution:Dynamics of Economic and Technological Search Processes in Complex Adaptive Landscapes (W Ebeling et al.)New Results in a Self-Organized Model of Technological Evolution (A Arenas et al.)Firms' Decision-Making Process in an Evolutionary Model of Industrial Dynamics (W Kwasnicki)Spatial Dynamics and Economic Growth:Modelling Migration and Economic Agglomeration with Active Brownian Particles (F Schweitzer)The Evolution of Industrial Clusters — Simulating Spatial Dynamics (T Brenner & N Weigelt)The Growth Dynamics of German Business Firms (J Voit)A Dynamic Theory of a Firm: An Application of ‘Economic Forces’ (M Estola)Decision Processes:Adaptive Platform Dynamics in Multi-Party Spatial Voting (B M R Stadler)Subtle Nonlinearity in Popular Album Charts (R A Bentley & H D G Maschner)Dynamical Aspects in the Adoption of Agri-Environmental Measures (G Weisbuch & G Boudjema)Collective Choice and Mutual Knowledge Structures (D Richards et al.)Agent Societies:Evolutionary Study of Interethnic Co-Operation (V Kvasnicka & J Pospichal)Coalition Factor in the Evolution of Non-Kin Altruism (J-L Dessalles)Optimal Payoff Functions for Members of Collectives (D H Wolpert & K Tumer)A Day at the Beach: Human Agents Self-Organizing on the Sand Pile (H Ishii et al.) Readership: Researchers in the field of complex system science, economists, sociologists, physicists with an interdisciplinary focus, graduates, and professionals. Keywords:

Management

Management
A Book

by Harold Koontz,Cyril O'Donnell,Heinz Weihrich

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 895
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Natural History of the Crustacea: Reproductive Biology

The Natural History of the Crustacea: Reproductive Biology
Volume VI

by Rickey Cothran,Martin Thiel

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2020-04-24
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN : 0190688556
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the sixth volume of a ten-volume series on The Natural History of the Crustacea. The volume synthesizes in nineteen chapters our current understanding of diverse topics in crustacean reproductive biology. In the first part of this book, the chapters address allocation strategies to reproduction, gamete production, brooding behavior, and other components of parental care in crustaceans. The second part of the volume centers on sexual systems in crustaceans. The third section of the volume covers crustacean mating systems and sexual selection. Reproductive Biology ends with three chapters covering diverse topics including reproductive rhythms, crustacean personality research, and record breaking crustaceans with respect to reproductive characters.

Emergent Computation

Emergent Computation
Self-organizing, Collective, and Cooperative Phenomena in Natural and Artificial Computing Networks

by Stephanie Forrest

  • Publisher : Mit Press
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Researchers in several fields are exploring computational systems in which interesting global behavior emerges from local interactions among component parts - an approach called emergent computation. In these systems, interactions among simultaneous computations are exploited to improve efficiency, increase flexibility, or provide more realistic models of natural phenomena. These 31 essays define and explore the concept of emergent computation in such areas as artificial networks, adaptive systems, classifier systems, connectionist learning, other learning, and biological networks to determine what properties are required of the supporting architectures that generate them. Many of the essays share the themes of design (how to construct such systems), the importance of preexisting structure to learning and the role of parallelism, and the tension between cooperative and competitive models of interaction. In the introduction, Stephanie Forrest presents several detailed examples of the kinds of problems emergent computation can address. These include showing how emergent computation can lead to efficiency improvements in parallel processing, establishing the connection between emergent computation and nonlinear systems, and comparing two search techniques to show how the emergent-computational approach to a problem differs from other more conventional approaches. Stephanie Forrest is Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of New Mexico. She is also affiliated with the Center for Nonlinear Studies and Computing Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Biological Symposia

Biological Symposia
A Book

by Jaques Cattell

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1940
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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N-person Game Theory and the Social Structure of Group Living Animals

N-person Game Theory and the Social Structure of Group Living Animals
A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment ... for the Degree of Master of Science in Natural Resource Ecology

by Mou Daiqing

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 18
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Evolution by Cooperation

Evolution by Cooperation
Ecology, Ethics, and the Chicago School, 1910-1950

by Gregg Alden Mitman

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 698
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Management, a Book of Readings

Management, a Book of Readings
A Book

by Heinz Weihrich

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 680
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The basic of management; Planning; Organizing; Staffing; Leading; Controlling.

Management, a Book of Readings

Management, a Book of Readings
A Book

by Harold Koontz,Cyril O'Donnell

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
  • Release : 1976
  • Pages : 642
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Social Biology and Human Affairs

Social Biology and Human Affairs
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Management Classics

Management Classics
A Book

by Michael T. Matteson,John M. Ivancevich

  • Publisher : Business Publications, Incorporated
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Man-environment Systems

Man-environment Systems
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cases, Readings, and Review Guide for Principles of Management

Cases, Readings, and Review Guide for Principles of Management
A Book

by Fred Luthans

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1969
  • Pages : 207
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ornithology

Ornithology
Foundation, Analysis, and Application

by Michael L. Morrison,Amanda D. Rodewald,Gary Voelker,Melanie R. Colón,Jonathan F. Prather

  • Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 1016
  • ISBN : 1421424711
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wood, Robert M. Zink, Benjamin Zuckerberg

Dimensions in Modern Management

Dimensions in Modern Management
A Book

by Patrick E. Connor

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Five Years of Cooperation to Improve Curricula in Western Schools of Nursing

Five Years of Cooperation to Improve Curricula in Western Schools of Nursing
A Final Report

by Curriculum Improvement Project,Juereta Smith

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings

Proceedings
A Book

by Academy of Management

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Management of Human Resources: Concepts for Developing Nations

Management of Human Resources: Concepts for Developing Nations
A Book

by Harry R. Knudson,David P. Gustafson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1967
  • Pages : 425
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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