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Corrosion and Its Consequences for Reinforced Concrete Structures

Corrosion and Its Consequences for Reinforced Concrete Structures
A Book

by Raoul Francois,Stephane Laurens,Deby Fabrice

  • Publisher : Iste Press - Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-11-20
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9781785482342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion and its Consequences for Reinforced Concrete Structures serves as an indispensable guide for engineers, scientists and researchers, exploring the fundamental aspects of corrosion in reinforced concrete. Its originality lies in the coupling between the reinforcement corrosion of reinforced concrete and its mechanical behavior.The authors describe the specific theoretical foundations of the corrosion of steel in concrete and its interactions with the structural aspects, including service cracking and defects in the placement of concrete. The book contains a study of the mechanisms of degradation of the mechanical behavior of reinforcements and the reinforced concrete composite, such as reduction of ductility, bearing capacity, redistribution of efforts by formation of plastic hinges and increase in the beam deflection in service. A diagnostic method based on corrosion-induced crack detection is presented in the book, and then paired with a recalculation method which allows us to predict the different aspects of the residual mechanical behavior. Several end-of-life ELS and ELU criteria are described, and the authors propose an approach to estimate the residual lifetime. Finally, the book presents the cathodic protection that allows the progression of corrosion to be contained within the corroded structures. As well as academics, this book is aimed at civil engineers who are faced with the issue of corrosion in aging structures. Explores corrosion in concrete Examines the influence of pre-cracks on corrosion Discusses corrosion diagnostics and corrosion-induced cracks Presents residual mechanical properties of corroded structures: effect of corrosion on steel behavior, load-bearing capacity, yielding capacity, deflection of corroded beams and the effect of corrosion on bond Provides repair and maintenance considerations: cathodic protection and carbon fiber reinforced polymer used to strengthen and restore bearing capacity

Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures

Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures
A Book

by H Böhni

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2005-01-20
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 1845690435
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reinforced concrete has the potential to be very durable and capable of withstanding a variety of adverse environmental conditions. However, failures in the structures do still occur as a result of premature reinforcement corrosion. In this authoritative book the fundamental aspects of this complex process are analysed; focusing on corrosion of the reinforcing steel, and looking particularly, at new scientific and technological developments. Monitoring techniques, including the newly developed online-monitoring, are examined, as well as the numerical methods used to simulate corrosion and perform parameter studies. The influence of composition and microstructure of concrete on corrosion behaviour is explored. The second half of the book, which deals with corrosion prevention methods, starts with a discussion on stainless steels as reinforcement materials. There are comprehensive reviews of the use of surface treatments and coatings, of the application of corrosion inhibitors and of the application of electrochemical techniques. In each case the necessary scientific fundamentals are explained and practical instances of use are looked at. This is an invaluable guide for engineers, materials scientists and researchers in the field of structural concrete. Fundamental aspects of corrosion in concrete are analysed in detail Explores how to minimise the effects of corrosion in concrete Invaluable guide for engineers, materials scientists and researchers in the field of structural concrete

Corrosion and its Consequences for Reinforced Concrete Structures

Corrosion and its Consequences for Reinforced Concrete Structures
A Book

by Raoul Francois,Stéphane Laurens,Fabrice Deby

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-01-16
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 0081023456
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book serves as an indispensable guide for engineers, scientists and researchers, exploring the fundamental aspects of corrosion in reinforced concrete. Its originality lies in the coupling between the reinforcement corrosion of reinforced concrete and its mechanical behavior.The authors describe the specific theoretical foundations of the corrosion of steel in concrete and its interactions with the structural aspects, including service cracking and defects in the placement of concrete. The book contains a study of the mechanisms of degradation of the mechanical behavior of reinforcements and the reinforced concrete composite, such as reduction of ductility, bearing capacity, redistribution of efforts by formation of plastic hinges and increase in the beam deflection in service. A diagnostic method based on corrosion-induced crack detection is presented in the book, and then paired with a recalculation method which allows us to predict the different aspects of the residual mechanical behavior. Several end-of-life ELS and ELU criteria are described, and the authors propose an approach to estimate the residual lifetime. Finally, the book presents the cathodic protection that allows the progression of corrosion to be contained within the corroded structures. As well as academics, this book is aimed at civil engineers who are faced with the issue of corrosion in aging structures. Explores corrosion in concrete Examines the influence of pre-cracks on corrosion Discusses corrosion diagnostics and corrosion-induced cracks Presents residual mechanical properties of corroded structures: effect of corrosion on steel behavior, load-bearing capacity, yielding capacity, deflection of corroded beams and the effect of corrosion on bond Provides repair and maintenance considerations: cathodic protection and carbon fiber reinforced polymer used to strengthen and restore bearing capacity

Steel Corrosion in Concrete

Steel Corrosion in Concrete
Fundamentals and civil engineering practice

by Arnon Bentur,Neal Berke,Sidney Diamond

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1997-10-09
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9780419225300
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Poor durability of concrete is a major cause of problems in modern building and civil engineering structures in all countries: the annual cost of investigating and repairing deteriorating reinforced concrete structures runs into many millions of pounds. This book explains the fundamentals of the corrosion of steel in concrete. It is comprehensive and provides a basis for the practising engineer to design concrete structures which avoid the problem using modern concepts and specifications. A limited discussion of corrosion measurement and repairs is also provided.

Effect of Reinforcement Corrosion on the Serviceability of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Effect of Reinforcement Corrosion on the Serviceability of Reinforced Concrete Structures
A Book

by Jiu Chen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion of Steel in Concrete

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete
Prevention, Diagnosis, Repair

by Luca Bertolini,Bernhard Elsener,Pietro Pedeferri,Elena Redaelli,Rob B. Polder

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-02-26
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN : 3527651713
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Steel-reinforced concrete is used ubiquitously as a building material due to its unique combination of the high compressive strength of concrete and the high tensile strength of steel. Therefore, reinforced concrete is an ideal composite material that is used for a wide range of applications in structural engineering such as buildings, bridges, tunnels, harbor quays, foundations, tanks and pipes. To ensure durability of these structures, however, measures must be taken to prevent, diagnose and, if necessary, repair damage to the material especially due to corrosion of the steel reinforcement. The book examines the different aspects of corrosion of steel in concrete, starting from basic and essential mechanisms of the phenomenon, moving up to practical consequences for designers, contractors and owners both for new and existing reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. It covers general aspects of corrosion and protection of reinforcement, forms of attack in the presence of carbonation and chlorides, problems of hydrogen embrittlement as well as techniques of diagnosis, monitoring and repair. This second edition updates the contents with recent findings on the different topics considered and bibliographic references, with particular attention to recent European standards. This book is a self-contained treatment for civil and construction engineers, material scientists, advanced students and architects concerned with the design and maintenance of reinforced concrete structures. Readers will benefit from the knowledge, tools, and methods needed to understand corrosion in reinforced concrete and how to prevent it or keep it within acceptable limits.

Steel-Reinforced Concrete Structures

Steel-Reinforced Concrete Structures
Assessment and Repair of Corrosion, Second Edition

by Mohamed Abdallah El-Reedy

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-11-06
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1351657917
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the corrosion of reinforced concrete from a practical point of view, highlights protective design and repair procedures, and presents ongoing maintenance protocols. Updated throughout, this new edition adds additional information on concrete repair using Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP), and reviews new examples of the effects of corrosion on both prestressed and reinforced concrete structures. It also examines economic analysis procedures and the probability of structural failures to define structural risk assessment, and covers precautions and recommendations for protecting reinforced concrete structures from corrosion based on the latest codes and specifications.

Concrete Durability

Concrete Durability
Cementitious Materials and Reinforced Concrete Properties, Behavior and Corrosion Resistance

by Luis Emilio Rendon Diaz Miron,Dessi A. Koleva

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-04-27
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN : 3319554638
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes the newest developments in the creation of concrete using smart additives and supplementary cementitious materials as well as methods, technology and novel admixtures to monitor, evaluate and control steel corrosion in reinforced concrete. Industry experts and research specialists explain the structural, physical, and chemical properties of various types of concrete and its applications. They detail the characteristics preferred for manufacturing specific types of concrete. The book chapters also focus on the electrochemical state of the steel reinforcement in view of steel corrosion and corrosion control.

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures
A Book

by Amir Poursaee

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-02-17
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 1782424024
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion of reinforcing steel is now recognized as the major cause of degradation of concrete structures in many parts of the world. Despite this, infrastructure expenditure is being unreasonably decreased by sequestration and the incredible shrinking discretionary budget. All components of our infrastructure including highways, airports, water supply, waste treatment, energy supply, and power generation require significant investment and are subjected to degradation by corrosion, which significantly reduces the service life, reliability, functionality of structures and equipment, and safety. Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures provides a comprehensive review of the subject, in addition to recent advances in research and technological developments, from reinforcing materials to measurement techniques and modelling. This book contains not only all the important aspects in the field of corrosion of steel reinforced concrete but also discusses new topics and future trends. Part One of the book tackles theoretical concepts of corrosion of steel in concrete structures. The second part moves on to analyse the variety of reinforcing materials and concrete, including stainless steel and galvanized steel. Part Three covers measurements and evaluations, such as electrochemical techniques and acoustic emission. Part Four reviews protection and maintenance methods, whilst the final section analyses modelling, latest developments and future trends in the field. The book is essential reading for researchers, practitioners and engineers who are involved in materials characterisation and corrosion of steel in concrete structures. Provides comprehensive coverage on a broad range of topics related to the corrosion of steel bars in concrete Discusses the latest measuring methods and advanced modeling techniques Reviews the range of reinforcing materials and types of concrete

Hygrothermal Behaviour and Building Pathologies

Hygrothermal Behaviour and Building Pathologies
A Book

by J.M.P.Q. Delgado

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-13
  • Pages : 155
  • ISBN : 3030509982
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents recent research in the area of construction pathology, hygrothermal behaviour of buildings, service life and diagnostic techniques, and highlights the latest developments in building physics, hygrothermal behaviour, durability and numerical models applied to building materials analysis. Discussing the state of the art in the field, and covering topics relevant to variety of engineering disciplines, such as civil, materials and mechanical engineering, it will appeal to scientists, students, practitioners, lecturers and other stakeholders.

Chloride-Induced Steel Corrosion in Concrete Under Service Loads

Chloride-Induced Steel Corrosion in Concrete Under Service Loads
A Book

by Hailong Ye,Chuanqing Fu,Ye Tian,Nanguo Jin

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-27
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 9811541086
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book summarizes the latest advances in understanding chloride ingress and steel corrosion in concrete under service loads. Unlike the existing literature, it focuses specifically on the effect of service loads on chloride-induced durability issues in reinforced concrete structures. It discusses how service loads affect the moisture and chloride penetration rate, corrosion kinetics and rust distribution, as well as the structural performance of concrete components (e.g. beams and columns) in a systematic and hierarchical way. Given its scope, the book is chiefly intended for researchers and industry practitioners in structural engineering, particularly those whose work involves the durability design of concrete structures.

Durability of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Durability of Reinforced Concrete Structures
A Book

by Paul Chess,Warren Green

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-12-19
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN : 1000767264
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reinforced concrete structures corrode as they age, with significant financial implications, but it is not immediately clear why some are more durable than others. This book looks at the mechanisms for corrosion and how corrosion engineering can be used for these problems to be minimized in future projects. Several different examples of reinforced concrete structures with corrosion problems are described and the various life enhancement solutions considered and applied are discussed. The book includes a chapter on the effectiveness of corrosion monitoring techniques and questions why the reality is at odds with current theory and standards. Specialist contractors, consultants and owners of corrosion damaged structures will find this an extremely useful resource. It will also be a valuable reference for students at postgraduate level.

Computational Modelling of Concrete Structures

Computational Modelling of Concrete Structures
A Book

by Nenad Bicanic,Herbert Mang,Gunther Meschke,René de Borst

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-03-04
  • Pages : 1120
  • ISBN : 131576203X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The EURO-C conference series (Split 1984, Zell am See 1990, Innsbruck 1994, Badgastein 1998, St Johann im Pongau 2003, Mayrhofen 2006, Schladming 2010, St Anton am Alberg 2014) brings together researchers and practising engineers concerned with theoretical, algorithmic and validation aspects associated with computational simulations of concrete and

The Effects of Corrosion on Reinforced Concrete Structures

The Effects of Corrosion on Reinforced Concrete Structures
A Book

by Leen Saliba

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reinforced concrete structures compose a large portion of the as-built environment, although effective in withstanding tensile and compressive loads when adequately designed; they can face a multitude of durability concerns. Chlorides and carbonation effects influence the quality and service life of the concrete, which initiate and later propagate corrosion in steel. This paper examines the different stages that lead to damaging the concrete, the initiation and propagation of corrosion in reinforcing steel , measurement techniques and prevention mechanisms. Emerging concerns in arid regions are: paralleled occurrences between corrosion of reinforcing steel and sulphate attack; both mechanisms were found to be exhaustive on the concrete but further studies are required in order to fully understand the underlying mechanism. The transport of deleterious materials throughout the concrete matrix is exclusively dependent on the permeability of the concrete ; hence , lowering the permeability will help eradicate the penetration of such materials and minimize durability concerns.

Reinforced Concrete Structural Reliability

Reinforced Concrete Structural Reliability
A Book

by Mohamed Abdallah El-Reedy, Ph.D

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-12-15
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 1439872031
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Structural engineers must focus on a structure’s continued safety throughout its service life. Reinforced Concrete Structural Reliability covers the methods that enable engineers to keep structures reliable during all project phases, and presents a practical exploration of up-to-date techniques for predicting the lifetime of a structure. The book also helps readers understand where the safety factors used come from and addresses the problems that arise from deviation from these factors. It also examines the question of what code is best to follow for a specific project: the American code, the British Standard, the Eurocode, or other local codes. The author devotes an entire chapter to practical statistics methods and probability theory used in structural and civil engineering, both important for calculating the probability of structural failure (reliability analysis). The text addresses the effects of time, environmental conditions, and loads to assess consequences on older structures as well as to calculate the probability of failure. It also presents the effects of steel bar corrosion and column corrosion, and precautions to consider along with guides for design. This book offers guidelines and tools to evaluate existing as well as new structures, providing all available methods and tests for assessing structures, including visual inspection and nondestructive testing for concrete strength. It also presents techniques for predicting the remaining service life of a structure, which can be used to determine whether to perform repairs or take other action. This practical guide helps readers to differentiate between and understand the philosophy of the various codes and standards, enabling them to work anywhere in the world. It will aid engineers at all levels working on projects from the design to the maintenance phase, increasing their grasp of structure behavior, codes and factors, and predicting service life.

A Bibliography on the Corrosion and Protection of Steel in Concrete

A Bibliography on the Corrosion and Protection of Steel in Concrete
A Book

by E. Escalante,Satoshi Itō

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 20
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion Protection of Reinforcing Steels

Corrosion Protection of Reinforcing Steels
Technical Report

by fib Fédération internationale du béton

  • Publisher : fib Fédération internationale du béton
  • Release : 2009-01-01
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN : 2883940894
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It has long been recognised that corrosion of steel is extremely costly and affects many industry sectors, including concrete construction. The cost of corrosion of steel reinforcement within concrete is estimated at many billions of dollars worldwide. The corrosion of steel reinforcement represents a deterioration of the steel which in turn detrimentally affects its performance and therefore that of the concrete element within which it has been cast. A great amount of work has been undertaken over the years concerning the prevention of corrosion of steel, including the application of coatings, which has included the study of the process of corrosion itself, the properties of reinforcing steels and their resistance to corrosion as well as the design of structures and the construction process. The objective of fib Bulletin 49 is to provide readers with an appreciation of the principles of corrosion of reinforcing steel embedded in concrete and to describe the behaviour of particular steels and their coatings as used to combat the effects of such corrosion. These include galvanised reinforcement, epoxy coated reinforcement, and stainless reinforcing steel. It also provides information on the relative costs of the materials and products which it covers. It does not deal with structure design or the process of construction or with the post-construction phase of structure management including repair. It is hoped that it will nevertheless increase the understanding of readers in the process of corrosion of reinforcing steels and the ability of key materials and processes to reduce its harmful effects.

Corrosion and Protection of Reinforced Concrete

Corrosion and Protection of Reinforced Concrete
A Book

by Brian Cherry,Warren Green

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-03-17
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 1000353028
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reinforced concrete is the most widely used construction material in the world, and extended performance is rightly expected. Many structures are in aggressive environments, of critical importance and may be irreplaceable, so repair and protection are vital. This book surveys deterioration of concrete, particularly corrosion of the steel reinforcement, and the various chemical, biological, physical and mechanical causes of deterioration. It outlines condition survey and diagnosis techniques by on-site and laboratory measurements. It sets out mechanical methods of protection and repair, such as patching, inhibitors, coatings, penetrants and structural strengthening as well as cathodic protection and other electrochemical methods. This book also gives guidance on preventative measures including concrete technology and construction considerations, coatings and penetrants, alternate reinforcement, permanent corrosion monitoring and durability planning aspects. Asset managers, port engineers, bridge maintenance managers, building managers, heritage structure engineers, plant engineers, consulting engineers, architects, specialist contractors and construction material suppliers who have the task of resolving problems of corrosion of steel reinforced concrete elements will find this book an extremely useful resource. It will also be a valuable reference for students at postgraduate level. Authors The late Professor Brian Cherry of Monash University, Melbourne, Australia was one of the world’s leading corrosion science and engineering educators and researchers. Warren Green of Vinsi Partners, Sydney, Australia is a corrosion engineer and materials scientist. He is also an Adjunct Associate Professor.

Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures

Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures
A Book

by H Böhni

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2005-02-03
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9781855737686
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reinforced concrete has the potential to be very durable and capable of withstanding a variety of adverse environmental conditions. However, failures in the structures do still occur as a result of premature reinforcement corrosion. In this authoritative book the fundamental aspects of this complex process are analysed; focusing on corrosion of the reinforcing steel, and looking particularly, at new scientific and technological developments. Monitoring techniques, including the newly developed online-monitoring, are examined, as well as the numerical methods used to simulate corrosion and perform parameter studies. The influence of composition and microstructure of concrete on corrosion behaviour is explored. The second half of the book, which deals with corrosion prevention methods, starts with a discussion on stainless steels as reinforcement materials. There are comprehensive reviews of the use of surface treatments and coatings, of the application of corrosion inhibitors and of the application of electrochemical techniques. In each case the necessary scientific fundamentals are explained and practical instances of use are looked at. This is an invaluable guide for engineers, materials scientists and researchers in the field of structural concrete. Fundamental aspects of corrosion in concrete are analysed in detail Explores how to minimise the effects of corrosion in concrete Invaluable guide for engineers, materials scientists and researchers in the field of structural concrete

Modelling of Corroding Concrete Structures

Modelling of Corroding Concrete Structures
Proceedings of the Joint fib-RILEM Workshop held in Madrid, Spain, 22–23 November 2010

by Carmen Andrade,Giuseppe Mancini

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-02-04
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 9400706774
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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These are the papers presented at the Fib-RILEM workshop held in Madrid, Spain, in November 2010. The assessment of deterioration and aging of concrete structures, most commonly through reinforcement corrosion, is not considered in current structural codes or standards. Some guidelines manuals exist, and research has been done, but there is as yet no accepted methodology nor models that could be used by engineers. This book deals with all aspects related to modelling of corroding structures and provides state-of-the-art information on structural models for corroding structures.