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Creating Resilient Transportation Systems

Creating Resilient Transportation Systems
Policy, Planning and Implementation

by John Renne,Brian Wolshon,Pamela Murray-Tuite,Karl Kim,Anurag Pande

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-09
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 9780128168202
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Creating Resilient Transportation Systems: Policy, Planning and Implementation demonstrates how the transportation sector is a leading producer of carbon emissions that result in climate change and extreme weather disruptions and disasters. In the book, Renne, Wolshon, Murray-Tuite, Pande, and Kim demonstrate how to minimize the transportation impacts associated with these urban disasters, with an ultimate goal of returning them to at least status quo in the shortest feasible time. Assesses the short and long-term impacts of transportation systems on the natural environment at local, regional and global scales Examines transportation systems in relation to risk, vulnerability, adaptation, mitigation, sustainability, climate change and livability Shows how urban transportation investments in transit, walking and bicycling result in significantly lower per capita carbon emissions when compared to investing in sprawling, automobile dependent regions

Securing Transportation Systems

Securing Transportation Systems
A Book

by Simon Hakim,Gila Albert,Yoram Shiftan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-06-01
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 1119078245
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Addresses a variety of challenges and solutions within the transportation security sphere in order to protect our transportation systems • Provides innovative solutions to improved communication and creating joint operations centers to manage response to threats • Details technological measures to protect our transportation infrastructure, and explains their feasibility and economic costs • Discusses changes in travel behavior as a response to terrorism and natural disaster • Explains the role of transportation systems in supporting response operations in large disasters • Written with a worldwide scope

Decision Support Methods in Modern Transportation Systems and Networks

Decision Support Methods in Modern Transportation Systems and Networks
A Book

by Grzegorz Sierpiński

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 3030717712
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human Factors for Sustainability

Human Factors for Sustainability
Theoretical Perspectives and Global Applications

by Andrew Thatcher,Klaus J. Zink,Klaus Fischer

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-06-14
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 1351269666
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book deals with the central question of how human factors and ergonomics (HFE) might contribute to solutions for the more sustainable development of our world. The contents of the book are highly compatible with the recent political agenda for sustainable development as well as with sustainability research from other disciplines.The book aims to summarize and profile the various empirical and theoretical work arising from the field of “Human Factors and Sustainable Development” in the last decade. The book gives a systematic overview of relevant theoretical concepts, their underlying philosophies, as well as global application fields and case studies.

Two Degrees

Two Degrees
The Built Environment and Our Changing Climate

by Alisdair McGregor,Cole Roberts,Fiona Cousins

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-10-29
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 0415692997
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Earth's temperature has been rising. To limit catastrophic outcomes, the international scientific community has set a challenging goal of no more than two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) average temperature rise. Economists agree we will save trillions of dollars by acting early. But how do we act successfully? And what's the backup plan if we fall short? Setting politics aside, Two Degrees reviews the current science and explains how we can set practical steps to reduce the extent of warming and to adapt to the inevitable changes, all while improving the bottom line, beautifying our communities, and increasing human health. The book is a practical guide intended for a broad audience of those who occupy and shape our built environment. The authors provide a clear framework for communities, policy makers, planners, designers, developers, builders, and operators to help manage the impacts and capture the opportunities of our changing climate. Two Degrees is divided into three sections—Fundamentals, Mitigation, and Adaptation—covering a diverse array of topics ranging from climate-positive communities and low-carbon buildings to the psychology of choice and the cost of a low-carbon economy. After a foreword by Amory Lovins, more than 10 contributing authors share knowledge based on direct experience in all aspects of built environment practice. This book clarifies the misconceptions, provides new and unique insights, and shows how a better approach to the built environment can increase resilience and positively shape our future.

Creating Resilient Economies

Creating Resilient Economies
Entrepreneurship, Growth and Development in Uncertain Times

by Nick Williams,Tim Vorley

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1785367641
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Providing a coherent and clear narrative, Creating Resilient Economies offers a theoretical analysis of resilience and provides guidance to policymakers with regards to fostering more resilient economies and people. It adeptly illustrates how resilience thinking can offer the opportunity to re-frame economic development policy and practice and provides a clear evidence base of the cultural, economic, political and social conditions that shape the adaptability, flexibility and responsiveness to crises in their many forms.

Adaptation Urbanism and Resilient Communities

Adaptation Urbanism and Resilient Communities
Transforming Streets to Address Climate Change

by Billy Fields,John L. Renne

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-05-04
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 0429640218
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adaptation Urbanism and Resilient Communities outlines and explains adaptation urbanism as a theoretical framework for understanding and evaluating resilience projects in cities and relates it to pressing contemporary policy issues related to urban climate change mitigation and adaptation. Through a series of detailed case studies, this book uncovers the promise and tensions of a new wave of resilient communities in Europe (Copenhagen, Rotterdam, and London), and the United States (New Orleans and South Florida). In addition, best practice projects in Amsterdam, Barcelona, Delft, Utrecht, and Vancouver are examined. The authors highlight how these communities are reinventing the role of streets and connecting public spaces in adapting to and mitigating climate change through green/blue infrastructure planning, maintaining and enhancing sustainable transportation options, and struggling to ensure equitable development for all residents. The case studies demonstrate that while there are some more universal aspects to encouraging adaptation urbanism, there are also important local characteristics that need to be both acknowledged and celebrated to help local communities thrive in the era of climate change. The book also provides key policy lessons and a roadmap for future research in adaptation urbanism. Advancing resilience policy discourse through multidisciplinary framework this work will be of great interest to students of urban planning, geography, transportation, landscape architecture, and environmental studies, as well as resilience practitioners around the world.

Safety and Quality in Medical Transport Systems

Safety and Quality in Medical Transport Systems
Creating an Effective Culture

by John W. Overton

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-31
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 1317059972
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Commission on Accreditation of Medical Transport Systems (CAMTS) has been accrediting air and ground transport services since 1991. One of the most significant needs the Commission has recognized is to assist transport services in creating a culture that supports safety and quality for both crews and patients. Most of the helicopter EMS (emergency medical service) accidents and many ground ambulance accidents can be attributed to human factors and systems designs that lead to poor decision-making. Management commitment is vital to create and maintain a culture that supports risk assessment, accountability, professionalism and organizational dynamics. This reference book has been created by CAMTS to address this need directly and comprehensively. It offers a groundbreaking collection of expert insights and practical solutions that can be used by EMS, Fire and Rescue, public and private services, and professional emergency and transport professionals worldwide. Quoting from the foreword written by the late Robert L. Helmreich, Professor Emeritus of Psychology at The University of Texas Human Factors Research Project, 'This is an important book which should be required reading for everyone involved in patient transport, from managers and dispatchers to those at the sharp end... The experienced and able authors and editors of this work use culture as the overarching concept needed to maximize safety while delivering patients expeditiously.'

Inclusive Transport

Inclusive Transport
Fighting Involuntary Transport Disadvantages

by Hans Jeekel

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-10-29
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 0128134534
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Inclusive Transport: Fighting Involuntary Transport Disadvantages offers readers profound and multifaceted insights into transportation and social equity, guiding transportation and urban studies researchers, planners, and policy makers in evaluating potential solutions to this complex issue. It considers discrimination and its societal consequences, providing a needed perspective on who is left out of transportation planning, and why. The book is systematically divided into 2 parts, Part A is problem oriented and explores the main problems to the transportation disadvantaged; accessibility and affordability. It looks at the consequences of non-accessibility, the problems non-car owners face, and the interplay between housing and transportation; Part B is policy oriented and analyses how current policies tend to forget transport disadvantages. It looks at pragmatic solutions for transport disadvantaged and ends with a design for inclusive transport, being a more radical approach combining sustainability challenges, people’s behaviours and emotions, creating more just and equitable mobility. Synthesizes academic research and narratives on transport disadvantage and the transport disadvantaged, linking the research with current mobility policies and practices Connects the fight on transport disadvantages with sustainable and smart mobility strategies and looks into car sharing, ride sharing and individualising public transport while de- individualizing car use Has an extensive usage of data, figures, and examples from around the world, and inspiring mobility plans and policies

Washington State Freight System Resiliency

Washington State Freight System Resiliency
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 48
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The economic viability and well-being of Washington State is significantly influenced by the freight transportation system serving the region. An increased understanding of the vulnerability of this freight system to natural disasters, weather, terrorist acts, work stoppages and other potential freight transportation disruptions will provide the State with the information necessary to assess the resiliency of the transportation system, and provide policy makers with the information required to improve it. This research project will: a) Identify a set of threats or categories of threats to be analyzed. b) Assess the likelihood of each event occurring within certain time horizons. c) With the threats and their probabilities, analyze the resiliency of the Washington transportation system. This will include 1) identifying the most valuable and least valuable components, both infrastructure and operational characteristics, of the transportation system with respect to moving freight, 2) identify the most likely events and the impact of those events, and 3) develop strategies for making WSDOT investments that would support improvements in the resiliency of the transportation system. Deliverables may include the following: i. Identification of the most likely events and failures ii. Identification of the weak points in the transportation system iii. Identification of improvements that will have the largest benefits in terms of the state's ability to move freight when faced with a transportation system failure iv. Identification of the most important elements of the transportation system in terms of the state's ability to move goods v. Provide suggestions as to how WSDOT investments can best improve the resiliency of the transportation system. The outcome of this research effort will help shape and guide transportation policy and infrastructure investment decisions in the future.

Resilient Cities

Resilient Cities
Cities and Adaptation to Climate Change - Proceedings of the Global Forum 2010

by Konrad Otto-Zimmermann

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-05-16
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 9789400707856
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Even with significant reductions of greenhouse gas emissions, a certain degree of climate change will inevitably occur. Adapting to climate change, then, will become a necessary step in reducing the vulnerability of many regions across the globe. This is especially true for urban areas where climate change has been shown to have particularly destabilizing effects. Through the identification and analysis of the most relevant impacts facing urban areas, this book makes clear the need to incorporate climate change concerns into the mainstream of local planning, governance and policy making practices. Adaptation as a workable concept within urban areas cannot be treated in isolation from the many pre-existing challenges facing cities. By offering numerous examples of ongoing adaptation programs and strategies across a wide range of contexts, the authors show the growing potential of cities in the fight against climate change. This book has its origins in a collection of papers originally presented at the Resilient Cities 2010 Congress in Bonn, Germany (May 2010), the first global forum on cities and adaptation to climate change, convened by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability. In this volume, the first in a new series dedicated to this annual event, a range of contributors bring their perspectives to bear on the most pressing issues and controversies surrounding adaptation to climate change within cities. These writings will prove invaluable to anyone interested in understanding and confronting climate change at the local level.

Children and their Urban Environment

Children and their Urban Environment
Changing Worlds

by Claire Freeman,Paul Tranter

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-10-02
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1136539700
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In our fast-changing urban world, the impacts of social and environmental change on children are often overlooked. Children and their Urban Environment examines these impacts in detail, looking at the key activities, spaces and experiences children have and how these can be managed to ensure that children benefit from change. The authors highlight the importance of planners, architects and housing professionals in creating positive environments for children and involving them in the planning process. They argue that children‘s lives are becoming simultaneously both richer and more deprived, and that, despite apparently increasing wealth, disparities between children are increasing further. Each chapter includes international examples of good practice and policy innovations for redressing the balance in favour of child supportive environments. The book seeks to embrace childhood as a time of freedom, social engagement and environmental adventure and to encourage creation of environments that better meet the needs of children. The authors argue that in doing so, we will build more sustainable neighbourhoods, cities and societies for the future.

Proceedings of International Conference on Remote Sensing for Disaster Management

Proceedings of International Conference on Remote Sensing for Disaster Management
Issues and Challenges in Disaster Management

by Peddada Jagadeeswara Rao,Kakani Nageswara Rao,Sumiko Kubo

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-06-23
  • Pages : 873
  • ISBN : 3319772767
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The natural disasters are the killer agents which can/can't be predicted even though we have modern technology. Every year, in one place or another, disasters striking which is devastating the area and surroundings, leading to ecological disruption besides huge loss of life and property. India is vulnerable to cyclones, landslides/avalanches, earthquakes, floods, droughts, forest fires, epidemics, etc. The 5700-km long coast of India, with its dense population is vulnerable to cyclones/low depressions, tsunamis, etc. The 2400-km long rugged Himalayan terrain is vulnerable to landslides, avalanches and earthquakes. India is not only vulnerable to natural disasters, it is also experiencing industrial accidents. The Bhopal Gas tragedy is one of the major man-made disasters in the world. The state of Andhra Pradesh has 970-km long coastline with two major rivers, etc. The conference is conducted in Visakhapatnam, is famous for industries and tourism. Recently, several industrial accidents took place, besides major natural disasters like Hud-Hud, etc. Disaster management shall be implemented from the grass root level in vulnerable areas to improve the capacity building, so as to minimize the losses. The capacity building coupled with technology results in reduction of loss of life and property.

Resilience Reset

Resilience Reset
Creating Resilient Cities in the Global South

by Aditya V. Bahadur,Thomas Tanner

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-07-19
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 1000402053
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Drawing on evidence from urban resilience initiatives around the globe, the authors make a compelling argument for a "resilience reset", a pause and stocktake that critically examines the concepts, practices and challenges of building resilience, particularly in cities of the Global South. In turn, the book calls for the world’s cities to alter their course and "pivot" towards novel approaches to enhancing resilience. The book presents shifts in ways of acquiring and analysing data, building community resilience, approaching urban planning, engaging with informality, delivering financing, and building the skills of those running cities in a post-COVID world grappling with climate impacts. In Resilience Reset, the authors encourage researchers, policymakers, and practitioners to break out of existing modes of thinking and doing that may no longer be relevant for our rapidly urbanising and dynamic world. The book draws on the latest academic and practice-based evidence to provide actionable insights for cities that will enable them to deal with multiple interacting shocks and stresses. The book will be an indispensable resource to those studying urbanisation, development, climate change and risk management as well as for those designing and deploying operational initiatives to enhance urban resilience in businesses, international organisations, civil society organisations and governments. It is a must-read for anyone interested in managing the risks of climate impacts in urban centres in the Global South.

Computation and Big Data for Transport

Computation and Big Data for Transport
Digital Innovations in Surface and Air Transport Systems

by Pedro Diez,Pekka Neittaanmäki,Jacques Periaux,Tero Tuovinen,Jordi Pons-Prats

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-02-28
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 3030377520
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book gathers the outcomes of the second ECCOMAS CM3 Conference series on transport, which addressed the main challenges and opportunities that computation and big data represent for transport and mobility in the automotive, logistics, aeronautics and marine-maritime fields. Through a series of plenary lectures and mini-forums with lectures followed by question-and-answer sessions, the conference explored potential solutions and innovations to improve transport and mobility in surface and air applications. The book seeks to answer the question of how computational research in transport can provide innovative solutions to Green Transportation challenges identified in the ambitious Horizon 2020 program. In particular, the respective papers present the state of the art in transport modeling, simulation and optimization in the fields of maritime, aeronautics, automotive and logistics research. In addition, the content includes two white papers on transport challenges and prospects. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to students, researchers, engineers and practitioners whose work involves the implementation of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) software for the optimal use of roads, including safety and security, traffic and travel data, surface and air traffic management, and freight logistics.

Sustainable Transportation Planning

Sustainable Transportation Planning
Tools for Creating Vibrant, Healthy, and Resilient Communities

by Jeffrey Tumlin

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-01-24
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0470540931
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The Great American Dream of cruising down the parkway, zipping from here to there at any time has given way to a true nightmare that is destroying the environment, costing billions and deeply impacting our personal well-being. Getting from A to B has never been more difficult, expensive or miserable. It doesn't have to be this way. Jeffrey Tumlin's book Sustainable Transportation Planning offers easy-to-understand, clearly explained tips and techniques that will allow us to quite literally take back our roads. Essential reading for anyone who wants to drive our transportation system out of the gridlock." -Marianne Cusato, home designer and author of Get Your House Right: Architectural Elements to Use and Avoid ?The book is full of useful ideas on nearly every page.? ? Bill DiBennedetto of Triple Pundit As transportations-related disciplines of urban planning, architecture, landscape architecture, urban economics, and social policy have undergone major internal reform efforts in recent decades Written in clear, easy-to-follow language, this book provides planning practitioners with the tools they need to achieve their cities? economic development, social equity and ecological sustainability goals. Starting with detailed advice for improving each mode of transportation, the book offers guidance on balancing the needs of each mode against each other, whether on a downtown street, or a small town neighborhood, or a regional network.

Sustainable and Resilient Communities

Sustainable and Resilient Communities
A Comprehensive Action Plan for Towns, Cities, and Regions

by Stephen J. Coyle

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-05-12
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780470918746
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Many of today's communities face an unprecedented struggle to adapt and maintain their environmental, economic, and social well-being in an era beleaguered by fiscal constraints, uncertainty about energy prices and supplies, rapid demographic shifts, and accelerated climate impacts. This step-by-step guidebook for urban planners and urban designers explains how to create and implement an actionable plan for making neighborhoods, communities, and regions more environmentally healthy, resource-conserving, and economically resilient. Sustainable and Resilient Communitiesdelineates measures for repairing, retrofitting, and transforming our built environments and supporting systems.

Building Urban Resilience

Building Urban Resilience
Principles, Tools, and Practice

by Abhas K. Jha,Todd W. Miner,Zuzana Stanton-Geddes

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2013-03-01
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 0821398261
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook is a resource for enhancing disaster resilience in urban areas. It summarizes the guiding principles, tools, and practices in key economic sectors that can facilitate incorporation of resilience concepts into decisions about infrastructure investments and urban management that are integral to reducing disaster and climate risks.

Creating Jobs and Increasing U.S. Exports by Enhancing the Marine Transportation System

Creating Jobs and Increasing U.S. Exports by Enhancing the Marine Transportation System
Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation of the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, June 14, 2011

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 66
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Resilience Engineering Perspectives, Volume 2

Resilience Engineering Perspectives, Volume 2
Preparation and Restoration

by Erik Hollnagel,Christopher P. Nemeth

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-12-05
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN : 1351903888
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Preparation and Restoration is the second volume of Resilience Engineering Perspectives within the Ashgate Studies in Resilience Engineering series. In four sections, it broadens participation of the field to include policy and organization studies, and articulates aspects of resilience beyond initial definitions: - Policy and Organization explores public policy and organizational aspects of resilience and how they aid or inhibit preparation and restoration - Models and Measures addresses thoughts on ways to measure resilience and model systems to detect desirable, and undesirable, results - Elements and Traits examines features of systems and how they affect the ability to prepare for and recover from significant challenges - Applications and Implications examines how resilience plays out in the living laboratory of real-world operations. Preparation and Restoration addresses issues such as the nature of resilience; the similarities and differences between resilience and traditional ideas of system performance; how systems cope with varying demands and sometimes succeed and sometimes fail; how an organization's ways of preparing before critical events can enable or impede restoration; the trade-offs that are needed for systems to operate and survive; instances of brittle or resilient systems; how work practices affect resilience; the relationship between resilience and safety; and what improves or erodes resilience. This volume is valuable reading for those who create and operate systems that must not only survive, but thrive, in the face of challenge.