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Credibility Assessment

Credibility Assessment
Scientific Research and Applications

by David C. Raskin,Charles R. Honts,John C. Kircher

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-12-17
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0123947820
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 2001, the late Murray Kleiner and an array of experts contributed to the Handbook of Polygraph Testing, published by Elsevier, which examined the fundamental principles behind polygraph tests and reviewed the key tests and methods used at that time. In the intervening thirteen years, the field has moved beyond traditional polygraph testing to include a host of biometrics and behavioral observations. The new title reflects the breadth of methods now used. Credibility Assessment builds on the content provided in the Kleiner volume, with revised polygraph testing chapters and chapters on newer methodologies, such as CNS, Ocular-motor, and behavioral measures. Deception detection is a major field of interest in criminal investigation and prosecution, national security screening, and screening at ports of entry. Many of these methods have a long history, e.g., polygraph examinations, and some rely on relatively new technologies, e.g., fMRI and Ocular-motor measurements. Others rely on behavioral observations of persons in less restricted settings, e.g., airport screening. The authors, all of whom are internationally-recognized experts associated with major universities in the United States, United Kingdom, and Europe, review and analyze various methods for the detection of deception, their current applications, and major issues and controversies surrounding their uses. This volume will be of great interest among forensic psychologists, psychophysiologists, polygraph examiners, law enforcement, courts, attorneys, and government agencies. Provides a comprehensive review of all aspects of methods for deception detection Includes methods being used in credibility, such as autonomic, CNS, fMRI, and Ocular-motor measures and behavioral and facial observation Edited by leaders in the field with over 25+ years of experience Discusses theory and application

Credibility Assessment

Credibility Assessment
A Book

by J.C. Yuille

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-14
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 9401578567
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Credibility assessment refers to any attempt to ascertain truthfulness. Other terms which have been used to refer to the assessment of credibility include the detection of deception and lie detection. The term lie detection has become virtually synonymous with the use of the polygraph and can no longer be used to refer to the range of procedures currently employed to assess credibility. Also, both lie detection and the detection of deception have a negative cast which does not fully capture the orientation of current approaches to credibility. Consequently, the term credibility assessment has emerged recently as the preferred label. The goal of credibility assessment is typically the determination of the truth of a statement or be found in set of statements. The need or desire to make such an assessment can every human context from marital relations through clinical examinations to police and court interrogations. Examples of the kinds of statements which require credibility assessment are: 1) A child's assertion that she or he has been sexually abused. 2) The claim by a previously suicidal person that he or she has recovered and will not attempt suicide again. 3) The denial of guilt by a suspect in a criminal investigation. 4 ) The confident statement of a witness that he or she is sure in his or her identification of a thief. 5) The vow of loyalty by a potential employee for a security job. It is necessary to assess the credibility of these and similar statements.

Credibility Assessment

Credibility Assessment
A Book

by J C Yuille

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989-04-30
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 9789401578578
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applied Issues in Investigative Interviewing, Eyewitness Memory, and Credibility Assessment

Applied Issues in Investigative Interviewing, Eyewitness Memory, and Credibility Assessment
A Book

by Barry S. Cooper,Dorothee Griesel,Marguerite Ternes

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-02-01
  • Pages : 349
  • ISBN : 1461455472
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contingent on funding being available, a Festschrift will be held in honor of Dr. John Yuille’s career as a Forensic Psychologist. He has become one of the most visible and respected Canadian psychologists worldwide. In light of his upcoming retirement in December 2006, the Festschrift will recognize Dr. Yuille’s achievements in the areas of eyewitness memory research (i.e., pioneering a new research paradigm that grants better validity), investigative interviewing (i.e., the development and use of the Step Wise Interview Protocol), and credibility assessment (i.e., introducing Statement Validity Analysis to North America). New directions for future work will be explored at the workshop. The focus of this Festschrift will be three-fold: 1. International. Dr. Yuille’s work has influenced law enforcement practices and stimulated research in and outside of Canada. The international and multicultural aspects of the work that Dr. Yuille has inspired will be reflected and promoted by this workshop. 2. Interdisciplinary. Dr. Yuille is internationally known as an expert, consultant and trainer to law enforcement. As such, Dr. Yuille’s work has also influenced other disciplines, e.g., the law, social work, oral history. The participants of this Festschrift will gain insight into other professionals’ perspectives and foster potential collaborations on future projects. 3. Emphasis on applied research. A hallmark of Dr. Yuille’s research has been the application of field and archival methods, which made his work directly applicable to forensically relevant contexts. The potential future directions of applied forensic research will be discussed at this Festschrift. The importance of the subject at this time: - A lack of integrative models in the literatures of eyewitness memory and the assessment of truthfulness and deception. Presenters of the Festschrift have recently developed such models and will discuss them at the Festschrift. Publishing these models and their discussions will spark further research to validate or modify them. - New, pioneering field research based on such integrative models has recently been conducted. This book would be one of the first publications of the results.

Credibility Assessment in Refugee Status Determination

Credibility Assessment in Refugee Status Determination
Practice and Challenges Under an Evolving Protection System

by Gina Alexandra Moll

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This thesis inquires in the assessment of credibility in refugee status determination procedures (RSD procedures). It seeks to understand how theory and practice attempt to limit the inherent subjectivity of such assessment. For this purpose, this thesis maps out a framework of standards and principles applicable to credibility assessment. In a second step, at the example of the Swiss Asylum System, it investigates how these standards and principles are realized in legal practice. On the basis of the observations drawn from this inquiry, certain shortcomings in the national practical conduct of credibility assessment are identified, particularly the limitations on scrutiny of negative credibility findings. Then, on a more abstract basis, two main areas of concern are identified with regard to credibility assessment, namely, the overall complexity of the guidance framework and the increasing pressure on RSD procedures due to ongoing efforts to increase efficiency. Lastly, different measures at national and international level are proposed in order to cope with issues arising from both of these areas. To that extent, it is concluded that with a clear national legal basis, the overall complexity of the framework guiding RSD could be reduced. Also, targeted training measures could promote quality development and adherence to the standards and principles governing credibility assessment. Finally, taking account of the psychological and sociological denominators of RSD, a proposal for an institutionalized conversation at international level is introduced. The aim behind this proposal is to enable an inter-disciplinary knowledge transfer in order to develop a less fragmented and more comprehensive framework for credibility assessment.

Digital Media, Youth, and Credibility

Digital Media, Youth, and Credibility
A Book

by Miriam J. Metzger,Andrew J. Flanagin

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 0262062739
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The difficulties in determining the quality of information on the Internet--inparticular, the implications of wide access and questionable credibility for youth andlearning.

Credibility Assessment of Misinformed Vs. Deceptive Children

Credibility Assessment of Misinformed Vs. Deceptive Children
A Book

by Yi Shao

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 70
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first study to contrast how adults make credibility assessments about children who experienced a suggestive interview, children who had been coached to lie, and children who were telling the truth. Nine preschool children were interviewed about an event involving a minor infraction. Three of the children reported the truth, four were coached to lie, and two children reported misinformation as the result of a suggestive interview. Eighty-seven college students watched videotaped interviews of these nine children and assessed their credibility. Children who had experienced a suggestive interview were rated as credible as those who were telling the truth. Children who had been coached to lie were rated as less credible than the two groups of children. The results suggest that misleading information gets incorporated into children's memory, thus arguing for a cognitive rather than social explanation of suggestibility. The implication for children's court testimony and jury decisions are discussed. (Abstract).

Credibility Assessment of Verbatim Statements (CAVS).

Credibility Assessment of Verbatim Statements (CAVS).
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 26
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We examined the possibility of detecting deception with a statement analysis technique that we called-Credibility Analysis of Verbatim Statements (CAVS). Twenty-six subjects were interviewed about their work history by an experienced interviewer. Subject were previously instructed to tell one true story about a job that they had held and to tell one false story about a fictitious job. Subject were motivated to tell convincing lies by the offer of a monetary reward if they fooled the interviewer with their false statement. The interviewer was no better than chance at discriminating the true and false statements and was correct with only 13 of the 26 subjects. The subject's interviews were videotaped and were then transcribed. Fifteen Content and eleven Structural criteria were then scored in the statements by trained evaluators who had reference only to the transcripts. The data were analyzed with discriminant analysis and logistic regression. Logistic regression proved to be the more powerful approach. The results of this study suggest that CAVS can be a very powerful tool for assessing the credibility of statements made by adults. The within-subjects discriminations were particularly powerful. Given the need for flexible and effective credibility assessment in the national security system, we believe that CAVS is a good candidate for application and deserving of additional research and development.

Evidence in European Asylum Procedures

Evidence in European Asylum Procedures
A Book

by Ida Staffans

  • Publisher : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • Release : 2012-04-19
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 9004219994
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on three European asylum procedures and the evidentiary assessment carried out in these. The interrelationship between these procedures and legal systems influencing them is explored and questions in relation to the harmonizing strivings of EU are posed.

The Prevalence and Role of Social Credibility Assessment Online

The Prevalence and Role of Social Credibility Assessment Online
A Book

by Alexander Robert Markov

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 108
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Establishing and Evaluating Digital Ethos and Online Credibility

Establishing and Evaluating Digital Ethos and Online Credibility
A Book

by Folk, Moe,Apostel, Shawn

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2016-11-09
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1522510737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the wealth of information that you can find on the internet today, it is easy to find answers and details quickly by entering a simple query into a search engine. While this easy access to information is convenient, it is often difficult to separate fallacy from reality when dealing with digital sources. Establishing and Evaluating Digital Ethos and Online Credibility features strategies and insight on how to determine the reliability of internet sources. Highlighting case studies and best practices on establishing protocols when utilizing digital sources for research, this publication is a critical reference source for academics, students, information literacy specialists, journalists, researchers, web designers, and writing instructors.

Annual Review of Information Science and Technology 2007

Annual Review of Information Science and Technology 2007
A Book

by Blaise Cronin

  • Publisher : Information Today, Inc.
  • Release : 2006-10
  • Pages : 783
  • ISBN : 9781573872768
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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ARIST, published annually since 1966, is a landmark publication within the information science community. It surveys the landscape of information science and technology, providing an analytical, authoritative, and accessible overview of recent trends and significant developments. The range of topics varies considerably, reflecting the dynamism of the discipline and the diversity of theoretical and applied perspectives. While ARIST continues to cover key topics associated with classical information science (e.g., bibliometrics, information retrieval), editor Blaise Cronin is selectively expanding its footprint in an effort to connect information science more tightly with cognate academic and professional communities.

Digital Media, Youth, and Credibility

Digital Media, Youth, and Credibility
A Book

by Miriam J. Metzger,Andrew J. Flanagin

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 0262562324
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The difficulties in determining the quality of information on the Internet--inparticular, the implications of wide access and questionable credibility for youth andlearning.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Migration Law, Theory and Policy

The Ashgate Research Companion to Migration Law, Theory and Policy
A Book

by Satvinder S. Juss

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-03-23
  • Pages : 766
  • ISBN : 1317042646
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Ashgate Research Companion to Migration Law, Theory and Policy complements the already successful Ashgate series Law & Migration, established in 2006 which now has a number of well-regarded monographs to its credit. The purpose of this Companion is to augment that Series, by taking stock of the current state of literature on migration law, theory and policy, and to sketch out the contours of its future long-term development, in what is now a vastly expanded research agenda. The Companion provides readers with a definitive and dependable state-of-art review of current research in each of the chosen areas that is all-embracing and all-inclusive of its subject-matter. The chapters focus on the regional and the sub-regional, as well as the national and the global. In so doing, they aim to give a snap-shot that is contextual, coherent, and comprehensive. The contributors are both world-renowned scholars and newer voices and include scholars, practitioners, former judges and researchers and policy-makers who are currently working for international organisations.

Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning – ICANN 2021

Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning – ICANN 2021
30th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, Bratislava, Slovakia, September 14–17, 2021, Proceedings, Part V

by Igor Farkaš,Paolo Masulli,Sebastian Otte,Stefan Wermter

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-09-10
  • Pages : 693
  • ISBN : 3030863832
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The proceedings set LNCS 12891, LNCS 12892, LNCS 12893, LNCS 12894 and LNCS 12895 constitute the proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, ICANN 2021, held in Bratislava, Slovakia, in September 2021.* The total of 265 full papers presented in these proceedings was carefully reviewed and selected from 496 submissions, and organized in 5 volumes. In this volume, the papers focus on topics such as representation learning, reservoir computing, semi- and unsupervised learning, spiking neural networks, text understanding, transfers and meta learning, and video processing. *The conference was held online 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Psycholinguistic Credibility Assessment

Psycholinguistic Credibility Assessment
A Book

by Paul Aaron Schneekloth

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 96
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Beyond Proof

Beyond Proof
Credibility Assessment in EU Asylum Systems

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Cybersecurity Management

Advances in Cybersecurity Management
A Book

by Kevin Daimi,Cathryn Peoples

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 497
  • ISBN : 3030713814
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book concentrates on a wide range of advances related to IT cybersecurity management. The topics covered in this book include, among others, management techniques in security, IT risk management, the impact of technologies and techniques on security management, regulatory techniques and issues, surveillance technologies, security policies, security for protocol management, location management, GOS management, resource management, channel management, and mobility management. The authors also discuss digital contents copyright protection, system security management, network security management, security management in network equipment, storage area networks (SAN) management, information security management, government security policy, web penetration testing, security operations, and vulnerabilities management. The authors introduce the concepts, techniques, methods, approaches and trends needed by cybersecurity management specialists and educators for keeping current their cybersecurity management knowledge. Further, they provide a glimpse of future directions where cybersecurity management techniques, policies, applications, and theories are headed. The book is a rich collection of carefully selected and reviewed manuscripts written by diverse cybersecurity management experts in the listed fields and edited by prominent cybersecurity management researchers and specialists. Provides a professional development resource for educators and practitioners on the state-of-the-art cybersecurity management materials; Contributes towards the enhancement of the community outreach and engagement component of cybersecurity management; Introduces various techniques, methods, and approaches adopted by cybersecurity management experts.

Measuring Credibility Assessment Targets in Web Based Information

Measuring Credibility Assessment Targets in Web Based Information
A Book

by James D. Collins

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Paper to Digital: Documents in the Information Age

Paper to Digital: Documents in the Information Age
Documents in the Information Age

by Ziming Liu Ph.D.

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2008-10-30
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 1598847635
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Is the paperless society really possible? What is the future of paper in the Digital Age? Based on extensive statistics and six separate surveys, Paper to Digital explores the evolution and changing characteristics of documents in the Information Age. Resultant implications are studied through the examination of emerging issues in the digital environment. This timely book represents a useful and scholarly exploration of a major concern in our society.