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Victims’ Rights in Flux: Criminal Justice Reform in Colombia

Victims’ Rights in Flux: Criminal Justice Reform in Colombia
A Book

by Astrid Liliana Sánchez-Mejía

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-07-13
  • Pages : 265
  • ISBN : 331959852X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contributing to the literature on comparative criminal procedure and Latin American law, this book examines the effects of adversarial criminal justice reforms on victim’s rights by specifically analyzing the Colombian criminal justice reform of the early 2000s. This research focuses on the production, interpretation, and implementation of rules and institutions by exploring how different actors have employed the concept of victims and victims’ rights to promote their agendas in the context of criminal justice reforms. It also analyzes how the goals of these agendas have interplayed in practice. By the early 2000s, it seemed that the Colombian criminal justice system was headed towards a process characterized by broader victim participation, primarily because of the doctrine of the Constitutional Court on victims’ rights. But in 2002, the Colombian Attorney General promoted a more adversarial criminal justice reform. This book argues that this reform represented a sudden and unpredicted reversal of the Constitutional Court’s doctrine on victim participation, even though one of the central justifications for the reform was the need to satisfy human rights standards and adhere to the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court on victims’ rights. In the criminal justice reform of the early 2000s and its subsequent modifications, the promotion of a dichotomous interpretation of the adversarial model—which conceived the criminal process as a competition between prosecution and defense—served to limit victim participation. This study examines how conceptions of victims’ rights emerged out of the struggles between different and at times competing agendas. In the Colombian process of reform, victims’ rights have been invoked both as a justification for criminal sanctions and as an explanation for crime prevention and restorative justice. After assessing quantitative and qualitative data, this book concludes that punitive approaches to victims’ rights have prevailed over restorative justice perspectives. Furthermore, it argues that punitiveness in the criminal justice system has not resulted in more protection for victims. Ultimately, this research reveals that the adversarial criminal justice reform of the early 2000s has not substantially improved the protection of victims’ rights in Colombia.

Handbook of Issues in Criminal Justice Reform in the United States

Handbook of Issues in Criminal Justice Reform in the United States
A Book

by Elizabeth Jeglic,Cynthia Calkins

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2021-08-19
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9783030775643
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook provides a holistic and comprehensive examination of issues related to criminal justice reform in the United States from a multidisciplinary perspective. Divided into five key domains of reform in the criminal justice system, it analyzes: - Policing - Policy and sentencing - Reentry - Treatment - Alternatives to incarceration Each section provides a history and overview of the domain within the criminal justice system, followed by chapters discussing issues integral to reform. The volume emphasizes decreasing incarceration and minimizing racial, ethnic and economic inequalities. Each section ends with tangible recommendations, based on evidence-based approaches for reform. Of interest to researchers, scholars, activists and policy makers, this unique volume offers a pathway for the future of criminal justice reform in the United States.

Trial and Error in Criminal Justice Reform

Trial and Error in Criminal Justice Reform
Learning from Failure

by Greg Berman,Aubrey Fox

  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 2016-03-21
  • Pages : 164
  • ISBN : 1442268484
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this revised edition of their concise, readable, yet wide-ranging book, Greg Berman and Aubrey Fox tackle a question students and scholars of law, criminology, and political science constantly face: what mistakes have led to the problems that pervade the criminal justice system in the United States? The reluctance of criminal justice policymakers to talk openly about failure, the authors argue, has stunted the public conversation about crime in this country and stifled new ideas. It has also contributed to our inability to address such problems as chronic offending in low-income neighborhoods, an overreliance on incarceration, the misuse of pretrial detention, and the high rates of recidivism among parolees. Berman and Fox offer students and policymakers an escape from this fate by writing about failure in the criminal justice system. Their goal is to encourage a more forthright dialogue about criminal justice, one that acknowledges that many new initiatives fail and that no one knows for certain how to reduce crime. For the authors, this is not a source of pessimism, but a call to action. This revised edition is updated with a new foreword by Cyrus R. Vance, Jr., and afterword by Greg Berman.

Explaining Criminal Justice

Explaining Criminal Justice
Community Theory and Criminal Justice Reform

by David Duffee

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Making the Transition

Making the Transition
International Intervention, State-building and Criminal Justice Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina

by Andy Aitchison

  • Publisher : Intersentia Uitgevers N V
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 247
  • ISBN : 9789400001404
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Making the Transition provides an analysis of processes of reform, reconstruction, and restructuring in the criminal justice field in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the years since it completed a violent secession from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). Across the three sectors of policing, courts, and prisons, this work details the challenges facing Bosnia and Herzegovina and explores a range of internationally-sponsored reform initiatives. These three sectors are often examined independently of each other, but by analyzing their development side by side, Making the Transition is able to determine common challenges while establishing different logics and methods of international intervention. The book reflects the author's education in a number of disciplines (politics, history, criminology) and will be a useful addition for those with an interest in the mechanics of state-building and in the reconstruction of post-conflict states.

Criminal Justice Reform

Criminal Justice Reform
A Book

by George L. Grice

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1976
  • Pages : 100
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Civilising Criminal Justice

Civilising Criminal Justice
An International Restorative Agenda for Penal Reform

by David J. Cornwell,John Blad

  • Publisher : Waterside Press
  • Release : 2013-08-19
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN : 1908162511
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Probably the best collection there is, Civilizing Criminal Justice is an inescapable resource for anyone interested in restorative justice: truly international and packed with experience while combining history, theory, developments and practical advice.This volume of specially commissioned contributions by widely respected commentators on crime and punishment from various countries is a ‘break-through’ in bringing together some of the best arguments for long-overdue penal reform. An increasingly urgent need to change outmoded criminal processes, even in advanced democracies, demands an end to those penal excesses driven by political expediency and damaging notions of retribution, deterrence and punishment for its own sake. ‘Civilising’ criminal justice will make it fairer, more consistent, understandable and considerate towards victims of crime, currently largely excluded from participation. Principles of reparative and restorative justice have become increasingly influential in the quest to provide justice which tackles harm, compensates victims, repairs relationships, resolves debilitating conflicts and calls offenders to account. And in any case, what real justification is there for subjecting more and more people to the expensive but hollow experience of prison, especially at a time of economic stringency. Civil justice – in its various forms – can be swifter, cheaper and more effective, in court or through mediated processes focusing on the harmful consequences of offences rather than inflicting punishment that may satisfy a baying media but come home to haunt the community. This brave and generous book (600 pages) illustrates the many different ways in which criminal justice can be ‘civilised’ and how lessons can be learned from practical experience across the world and shared expertise. It is a volume that every politician should read, every criminal justice professional should possess, and that every student of criminology and penology will find invaluable.

Justice Reinvestment

Justice Reinvestment
Can the Criminal Justice System Deliver More for Less?

by Chris Fox,Kevin Albertson,Kevin Wong

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-06-03
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 1134453132
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rising prison numbers on both sides of the Atlantic are cause for concern. Justice Reinvestment is a major movement in criminal justice reform in the US that is also attracting lots of interest in the UK. Justice Reinvestment is an approach to addressing the penal crisis that uses the best available evidence to re-direct resources to more effective rehabilitation of offenders and better ‘prehabilitation’. It takes a more holistic view of criminal justice and is particularly concerned to address the community dimensions of offending and re-offending. The authors highlight competing models of Justice Reinvestment and argue for a more radical version in which criminal justice reform is seen as part of a wider social justice reform programme. This is the first substantial publication on Justice Reinvestment and shows that ‘Justice Reinvestment’ has huge potential to re-shape the criminal justice system. It will be essential reading for undergraduate and post-graduate students with an interest in criminal justice reform. Practitioners and policy-makers working in the criminal justice system in the US and the UK will also value the fresh perspective it brings to criminal justice reform and its breadth of coverage including insights into the penal crisis, different models of Justice Reinvestment, the use of criminal justice data and research evidence in re-designing criminal justice services and new approaches to commissioning.

Mental Health, Crime and Criminal Justice

Mental Health, Crime and Criminal Justice
Responses and Reforms

by Jane Winstone

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-02-02
  • Pages : 301
  • ISBN : 1137453885
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It has long been known that the pathway through the criminal justice system for those with mental health needs is fraught with difficulty. This interdisciplinary collection explores key issues in mental health, crime and criminal justice, including: offenders' rights; intervention designs; desistance; health-informed approaches to offending and the medical needs of offenders; psychological jurisprudence, and; collaborative and multi-agency practice. This volume draws on the knowledge of professionals and academics working in this field internationally, as well as the experience of service users. It offers a solution-focused response to these issues, and promotes both equality and quality of experience for service users. It will be essential reading for practitioners, scholars and students with an interest in forensic mental health and criminal justice.

Confronting Underground Justice

Confronting Underground Justice
Reinventing Plea Bargaining for Effective Criminal Justice Reform

by William R. Kelly

  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 2018-10-29
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 1538106493
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Confronting Underground Justice identifies major problems with plea negotiation and the pretrial system and provides transformative recommendations to reduce crime and recidivism.

Criminality in Context

Criminality in Context
The Psychological Foundations of Criminal Justice Reform

by Craig Haney

  • Publisher : Psychology, Crime, and Justice
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 423
  • ISBN : 9781433831423
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this groundbreaking book that is built on decades of work on the front lines of the criminal justice system, expert psychologist Craig Haney encourages meaningful and lasting reform by changing the public narrative about who commits crime and why. Based on his comprehensive review and analysis of the research, Haney offers a carefully framed and psychologically based blueprint for making the criminal justice system fairer, with strategies to reduce crime through proactive prevention instead of reactive punishment. Haney meticulously reviews evidence documenting the ways in which a person's social history, institutional experiences, and present circumstances powerfully shape their life, with a special focus on the role of social, economic, and racial injustice in crime causation. Haney debunks the "crime master narrative"--the widespread myth that criminality is a product of free and autonomous "bad" choices--an increasingly anachronistic view that cannot bear the weight of contemporary psychological data and theory. This is a must-read for understanding what truly influences criminal behavior, and the strategies for prevention and rehabilitation that follow.

Criminal Justice Reform Project

Criminal Justice Reform Project
Toward a National Strategy for Criminal Justice Change

by Committee for Public Justice (U.S.)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Defense of Whom?

In Defense of Whom?
A Critique of Criminal Justice Reform

by Gregg Barak

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Chinese Experience

The Chinese Experience
A Survey of Pilot Projects on Criminal Justice Reform

by Guo Zhiyuan

  • Publisher : Atf Press
  • Release : 2013-03-31
  • Pages : 365
  • ISBN : 9781921816154
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experiments are one of the most important empirical research methods. Empirical research based on the experimental method is becoming a principal approach toâ__as well as prominent characteristic of â__Chinese legal reform. This book describes the application of the experimental method to criminal justice reform. It analyses pilot projects conducted by Chinese criminal procedure researches over the past decade to illustrate the steps and methods of using pilot projects to advance criminal justice reforms, the successes and the limitations of this approach to promoting reform, and many other lessons that can be learned from these projects. This book, which is written in both Chinese and English, can serve not only as a resource for conducting empirical legal research, but also as a window for understanding criminal justice reform in China.

Criminal Justice Reform

Criminal Justice Reform
Determinate Sentencing : a Bibliography

by Mary Ellen Huls

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 10
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform

Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform
Making Justice

by Marvin Zalman,Julia Carrano

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN : 9780415814638
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is an important addition to the literature and teaching on innocence reform. This book delves into wrongful convictions studies but expands upon them by offering potential reforms that would alleviate the problem of wrongful convictions in the criminal justice system. Written to be accessible to students, Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is a main text for wrongful convictions courses or a secondary text for more general courses in criminal justice, political science, and law school innocence clinics.

Summary Criminal Justice Reform

Summary Criminal Justice Reform
A Book

by Frazer McCallum

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 27
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Criminal Justice Reform

Criminal Justice Reform
Conference : Transcript

by Free Congress Research and Education Foundation. Institute for Government and Politics

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Victim Policies and Criminal Justice on the Road to Restorative Justice

Victim Policies and Criminal Justice on the Road to Restorative Justice
A Collection of Essays in Honour of Tony Peters

by Stephan Parmentier,Tony Peters

  • Publisher : Leuven University Press
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN : 9789058671813
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited volume contains 22 papers organized into three sections under the following headings: part I is entitled On Promoting Victim Policies; Part II On Reforming Criminal Justice; and Part III On Restorative Justice. All three areas are ones to which Tony Peters, former Professor of Criminology in Leuven, has made a significant contribution and for which he is known as an international authority. During his long and productive academic career Tony Peters led many struggles for criminal justice reform. He was a leading figure in the movement to recognize crime victims' plight and to reaffirm their rights. In Belgium, he spearheaded the early initiatives in restorative justice and became one of its outspoken proponents nationally and internationally. There is no doubt that these three major topics and the various developments and reforms that are addressed in the papers will dominate the thinking about, and the practice of, criminal justice in the years to come. Thus, in addition to paying homage to a congenial friend and an illustrious colleague, it is hoped that this book will appeal and prove useful to all those who have an interest in victims issues, in criminal justice reform, and last but not least, in the promising paradigm of restorative justice.

Justice and Penal Reform

Justice and Penal Reform
Re-shaping the Penal Landscape

by Stephen Farrall,Barry Goldson,Ian Loader,Anita Dockley

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-02-05
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 1317277635
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the aftermath of the financial crisis of 2008, Western societies entered a climate of austerity which has limited the penal expansion experienced in the US, UK and elsewhere over recent decades. These altered conditions have led to introspection and new thinking on punishment even among those on the political right who were previously champions of the punitive turn. This volume brings together a group of international leading scholars with a shared interest in using this opportunity to encourage new avenues of reform in the penal sphere. Justice is a famously contested concept and this book takes a deliberately capacious approach to the question of how justice can be mobilised to inform new reform agendas. Some of the contributors revisit an antique question in penal theory and reconsider the question of what fair or just punishment should look like today. Others seek to make gender central to understanding of crime and punishment, or actively reflect on the part that related concepts such as human rights, legitimacy and trust can and should play in thinking about the creation of more just crime control arrangements. Faced with the expansive penal developments of recent decades, much research and commentary about crime control has been gloom-laden and dystopian. By contrast, this volume seeks to contribute to a more constructive sensibility in the social analysis of penality: one that is worldly, hopeful and actively engaged in thinking about how to create more just penal arrangements. Justice and Penal Reform is a key resource for academics and as a supplementary text for students undertaking courses on punishment, penology, prisons, criminal justice and public policy. This book approaches penal reform from an international perspective and offers a fresh and diverse approach within an established field.