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Decision Neuroscience

Decision Neuroscience
An Integrative Perspective

by Jean-Claude Dreher,Leon Tremblay

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-09-27
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 0128053313
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Decision Neuroscience addresses fundamental questions about how the brain makes perceptual, value-based, and more complex decisions in non-social and social contexts. This book presents compelling neuroimaging, electrophysiological, lesional, and neurocomputational models in combination with hormonal and genetic approaches, which have led to a clearer understanding of the neural mechanisms behind how the brain makes decisions. The five parts of the book address distinct but inter-related topics and are designed to serve both as classroom introductions to major subareas in decision neuroscience and as advanced syntheses of all that has been accomplished in the last decade. Part I is devoted to anatomical, neurophysiological, pharmacological, and optogenetics animal studies on reinforcement-guided decision making, such as the representation of instructions, expectations, and outcomes; the updating of action values; and the evaluation process guiding choices between prospective rewards. Part II covers the topic of the neural representations of motivation, perceptual decision making, and value-based decision making in humans, combining neurcomputational models and brain imaging studies. Part III focuses on the rapidly developing field of social decision neuroscience, integrating recent mechanistic understanding of social decisions in both non-human primates and humans. Part IV covers clinical aspects involving disorders of decision making that link together basic research areas including systems, cognitive, and clinical neuroscience; this part examines dysfunctions of decision making in neurological and psychiatric disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia, behavioral addictions, and focal brain lesions. Part V focuses on the roles of various hormones (cortisol, oxytocin, ghrelin/leptine) and genes that underlie inter-individual differences observed with stress, food choices, and social decision-making processes. The volume is essential reading for anyone interested in decision making neuroscience. With contributions that are forward-looking assessments of the current and future issues faced by researchers, Decision Neuroscience is essential reading for anyone interested in decision-making neuroscience. Provides comprehensive coverage of approaches to studying individual and social decision neuroscience, including primate neurophysiology, brain imaging in healthy humans and in various disorders, and genetic and hormonal influences on decision making Covers multiple levels of analysis, from molecular mechanisms to neural-systems dynamics and computational models of how we make choices Discusses clinical implications of process dysfunctions, including schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, eating disorders, drug addiction, and pathological gambling Features chapters from top international researchers in the field and full-color presentation throughout with numerous illustrations to highlight key concepts

Neuroscience of Decision Making

Neuroscience of Decision Making
A Book

by Oshin Vartanian,David R. Mandel

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2011-04-14
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 113685987X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The intersection between the fields of behavioral decision research and neuroscience has proved to be fertile ground for interdisciplinary research. Whereas the former is rich in formalized models of choice, the latter is rife with techniques for testing behavioral models at the brain level. As a result, there has been the rapid emergence of progressively more sophisticated biological models of choice, geared toward the development of ever more complete mechanistic models of behavior. This volume provides a coherent framework for distilling some of the key themes that have emerged as a function of this research program, and highlights what we have learned about judgment and decision making as a result. Although topics that are theoretically relevant to judgment and decision making researchers are addressed, the book also ventures somewhat beyond the traditional boundaries of this area to tackle themes that would of interest to a greater community of scholars. Neuroscience of Decision Making provides contemporary and essential reading for researchers and students of cognitive psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and economics.

Psychological Perspectives on Financial Decision Making

Psychological Perspectives on Financial Decision Making
A Book

by Tomasz Zaleskiewicz,Jakub Traczyk

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-21
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 3030455009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book reviews the latest research from psychology, neuroscience, and behavioral economics evaluating how people make financial choices in real-life circumstances. The volume is divided into three sections investigating financial decision making at the level of the brain, the level of an individual decision maker, and the level of the society, concluding with a discussion of the implications for further research. Among the topics discussed: Neural and hormonal bases of financial decision making Personality, cognitive abilities, emotions, and financial decisions Aging and financial decision making Coping methods for making financial choices under uncertainty Stock market crashes and market bubbles Psychological perspectives on borrowing, paying taxes, gambling, and charitable giving Psychological Perspectives on Financial Decision Making is a useful reference for researchers both in and outside of psychology, including decision-making experts, consumer psychologists, and behavioral economists.

Decision Making: Neural and Behavioural Approaches

Decision Making: Neural and Behavioural Approaches
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-01-10
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 0444626077
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This well-established international series examines major areas of basic and clinical research within neuroscience, as well as emerging and promising subfields.This volume explores interdisciplinary research on decision making taking a neural and behavioural approach Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation, and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Neuroeconomics, Judgment, and Decision Making

Neuroeconomics, Judgment, and Decision Making
A Book

by Evan A. Wilhelms,Valerie F. Reyna

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2014-07-11
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 1317652746
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume explores how and why people make judgments and decisions that have economic consequences, and what the implications are for human well-being. It provides an integrated review of the latest research from many different disciplines, including social, cognitive, and developmental psychology; neuroscience and neurobiology; and economics and business. The book has six areas of focus: historical foundations; cognitive consistency and inconsistency; heuristics and biases; neuroeconomics and neurobiology; developmental and individual differences; and improving decisions. Throughout, the contributors draw out implications from traditional behavioral research as well as evidence from neuroscience. In recent years, neuroscientific methods have matured, beyond being simply correlational and descriptive, into theoretical prediction and explanation, and this has opened up many new areas of discovery about economic behavior that are reviewed in the book. In the final part, there are applications of the research to cognitive development, individual differences, and the improving of decisions. The book takes a broad perspective and is written in an accessible way so as to reach a wide audience of advanced students and researchers interested in behavioral economics and related areas. This includes neuroscientists, neuropsychologists, clinicians, psychologists (developmental, social, and cognitive), economists and other social scientists; legal scholars and criminologists; professionals in public health and medicine; educators; evidence-based practitioners; and policy-makers.

Decision-Making Experiments under a Philosophical Analysis: Human Choice as a Challenge for Neuroscience

Decision-Making Experiments under a Philosophical Analysis: Human Choice as a Challenge for Neuroscience
A Book

by Gabriel José Corrêa Mograbi,Carlos Eduardo Batista de Sousa

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2015-10-15
  • Pages : 123
  • ISBN : 2889196682
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This introduction just aims to be a fast foreword to the special topic now turned into an e-book. The Editorial "Decision-Making Experiments under a Philosophical Analysis: Human Choice as a Challenge for Neuroscience" alongside with my opinion article "Neurophilosophical considerations on decision making: Pushing-up the frontiers without disregarding their foundations" play the real role of considering in more details the articles and the whole purpose of this e-book. What I must highlight in this foreword is that our intention with such a project was to deepen into the very foundations of our current paradigms in decision neuroscience and to philosophically moot its foundations and repercussions. Normal Science (a term coined by Philosopher Thomas Kuhn) works under a research consensus among a scientific community: A shared paradigm, consolidated methods, widespread convictions. Pragmatically, winning formulas must be kept, although, not at any cost. What differentiates a gifted and revolutionary scientist from a more bureaucratic colleague is the capacity and willingness of constantly reevaluating, depurating and refining his/her own paradigm. That is best strategy to avoid that a paradigm itself would gradually come under challenge. In my view, some achievements, in this sense, were brought about in our project. The e-book will be inspiring and informative for both neuroscientists that are concerned with the very foundations of their works and for philosophers that are not blind to empirical evidence. Kant once said: “Thoughts without content are empty, intuitions without concepts are blind”. Paraphrasing Kant we could say: Philosophy without science is empty, science without philosophy is blind.

The Journal of Neuroscience

The Journal of Neuroscience
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroscience and the Economics of Decision Making

Neuroscience and the Economics of Decision Making
A Book

by Alessandro Innocenti

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-06-19
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1136333746
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the last two decades there has been a flourishing research carried out jointly by economists, psychologists and neuroscientists. This meltdown of competences has lead towards original approaches to investigate the mental and cognitive mechanisms involved in the way the economic agent collects, processes and uses information to make choices. This research field involves a new kind of scientist, trained in different disciplines, familiar in managing experimental data, and with the mathematical foundations of decision making. The ultimate goal of this research is to open the black-box to understandthe behavioural and neural processes through which humans set preferences and translate these behaviours into optimal choices. This volume intends to bring forward new results and fresh insights into this matter.

Neurobiology of Decision-Making

Neurobiology of Decision-Making
A Book

by Antonio R. Damasio,Hanna Damasio

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 209
  • ISBN : 3642799280
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroscience has paid only little attention to decision-making for many years. Although no field of science has cohered around this topic, a variety of researchers in different areas of neuroscience ranging from cellular physiology to neuropsychology and computational neuroscience have been engaged in working on this issue. Thus, the time seemed to be ripe to bring these researchers together and discuss the state of the art of the neurobiology of decision-making in a broad forum. This book is a collection of contributions presented at that forum in Paris in October 1994 organized by the Fondation IPSEN.

Aging and Decision Making

Aging and Decision Making
Empirical and Applied Perspectives

by Thomas M. Hess,JoNell Strough,Corinna Löckenhoff

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-02-17
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0124171559
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Decisions large and small play a fundamental role in shaping life course trajectories of health and well-being: decisions draw upon an individual's capacity for self-regulation and self-control, their ability to keep long-term goals in mind, and their willingness to place appropriate value on their future well-being. Aging and Decision Making addresses the specific cognitive and affective processes that account for age-related changes in decision making, targeting interventions to compensate for vulnerabilities and leverage strengths in the aging individual. This book focuses on four dominant approaches that characterize the current state of decision-making science and aging - neuroscience, behavioral mechanisms, competence models, and applied perspectives. Underscoring that choice is a ubiquitous component of everyday functioning, Aging and Decision Making examines the implications of how we invest our limited social, temporal, psychological, financial, and physical resources, and lays essential groundwork for the design of decision supportive interventions for adaptive aging that take into account individual capacities and context variables. Divided into four dominant approaches that characterize the current state of decision-making science and aging neuroscience Explores the impact of aging on the linkages between cortical structures/functions and the behavioral indices of decision-making Examines the themes associated with behavioral approaches that attempt integrations of methods, models, and theories of general decision-making with those derived from the study of aging Details the changes in underlying competencies in later life and the two prevailing themes that have emerged—one, the general individual differences perspective, and two, a more clinical focus

Neuroscience perspectives on Security: Technology, Detection, and Decision Making

Neuroscience perspectives on Security: Technology, Detection, and Decision Making

by Elena Rusconi,Kenneth C. Scott-Brown,Andrea Szymkowiak

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2015-08-03
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889196003
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In security science, efficient operation depends typically on the interaction between technology, human and machine detection and human and machine decision making. A perfect example of this interplay is ‘gatekeeping’, which is aimed to prevent the passage of people and objects that represent known threats from one end to the other end of an access point. Gatekeeping is most often achieved via visual inspections, mass screening, random sample probing and/or more targeted controls on attempted passages at points of entry. Points of entry may be physical (e.g. national borders) or virtual (e.g. connection log-ons). Who and what are defined as security threats and the resources available to gatekeepers determine the type of checks and technologies that are put in place to ensure appropriate access control. More often than not, the net performance of technology-aided screening and authentication systems ultimately depends on the characteristics of human operators. Assessing cognitive, affective, behavioural, perceptual and brain processes that may affect gatekeepers while undertaking this task is fundamental. On the other hand, assessing the same processes in those individuals who try to breach access to secure systems (e.g. hackers), and try to cheat controls (e.g. smugglers) is equally fundamental and challenging. From a security standpoint it is vital to be able to anticipate, focus on and correctly interpret the signals connected with such attempts to breach access and/or elude controls, in order to be proactive and to enact appropriate responses. Knowing cognitive, behavioral, social and neural constraints that may affect the security enterprise will undoubtedly result in a more effective deployment of existing human and technological resources. Studying how inter-observer variability, human factors and biology may affect the security agenda, and the usability of existing security technologies, is of great economic and policy interest. In addition, brain sciences may suggest the possibility of novel methods of surveillance and intelligence gathering. This is just one example of a typical security issue that may be fruitfully tackled from a neuroscientific and interdisciplinary perspective. The objective of our Research Topic was to document across relevant disciplines some of the most recent developments, ideas, methods and empirical findings that have the potential to expand our knowledge of the human factors involved in the security process. To this end we welcomed empirical contributions using different methodologies such as those applied in human cognitive neuroscience, biometrics and ethology. We also accepted original theoretical contributions, in the form of review articles, perspectives or opinion papers on this topic. The submissions brought together researchers from different backgrounds to discuss topics which have scientific, applicative and social relevance.

Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution

Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Decision Making and the Brain

by Paul W. Glimcher,Ernst Fehr,Colin Camerer,Russell Alan Poldrack

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2008-10-10
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 9780080921068
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroeconomics is a new highly promising approach to understanding the neurobiology of decision making and how it affects cognitive social interactions between humans and societies/economies. This book is the first edited reference to examine the science behind neuroeconomics, including how it influences human behavior and societal decision making from a behavioral economics point of view. Presenting a truly interdisciplinary approach, Neuroeconomics presents research from neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral economics, and includes chapters by all the major figures in the field, including two Economics Nobel laureates. * An authoritative reference written and edited by acknowledged experts and founders of the field * Presents an interdisciplinary view of the approaches, concepts, and results of the emerging field of neuroeconomics relevant for anyone interested in this area of research * Full-color presentation throughout with carefully selected illustrations to highlight key concepts

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making
A Book

by Valerie F. Reyna,Vivian Zayas

  • Publisher : American Psychological Association (APA)
  • Release : 2014-01-01
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 9781433816628
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Whether the decision is to have unprotected sex, consent to surgery, have an extra piece of pie, or spend rather than save for retirement, risky decisions permeate our lives, and sometimes with disastrous consequences. How and why risk taking occurs has important implications. Yet many questions remain about how neurobiological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors influence decision-making. This book advances basic understanding and scientific theory about the brain mechanisms underlying risky decision by integrating findings from a number of disciplines, including development and cognitive psychology, brain sciences, law, behavioral economic, and addiction. The result is a rich scientific framework for understanding the causal mechanisms of risky decision making across the lifespan. Book jacket.

Decision Making in Neurovascular Disease

Decision Making in Neurovascular Disease
A Book

by Leonardo Rangel-Castilla,Peter Nakaji,Adnan H. Siddiqui

  • Publisher : Thieme
  • Release : 2018-05-07
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 1626237786
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neurovascular medicine has emerged as an established, semi-independent subspecialty of neurology and neurosurgery. Decision Making in Neurovascular Disease focuses on the challenging process of determining the best approach for managing patients with intracranial atherosclerosis, carotid artery disease, stroke, aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, arteriovenous fistulae, cavernous malformations, and hypervascular tumors. Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, Robert Spetzler, esteemed coauthors, and an impressive cadre of experts discuss highly divergent modalities including medical management, open cerebrovascular, endovascular, radiosurgery, and combined/multimodality alternatives. The book is organized into seven sections: Ischemic Stroke and Vascular Insufficiency, Aneurysms – Anterior Circulation, Aneurysms – Posterior Circulation, Aneurysms – Other, Arteriovenous Malformations and Fistula, Cavernous Malformations, and Hypervascular Tumors. Chapters include an introduction, decision-making algorithm, whether to treat, conservative management, anatomical considerations, clinical and imaging evaluation, differential diagnosis, treatment options, images, clinical and radiographic follow-up, and suggested reading. Key highlights Simple algorithms accompanying 71 chapters supported by the latest, most updated information in the literature More than 300 radiologic images help elucidate disease-specific treatment decision making Step-by-step guidance, clinical pearls, surgical nuances, complication avoidance, and evidence-based outcomes provide in-depth understanding Point/counterpoint expert commentary on each case provides balanced insights on potential implications of specific treatments This essential step-by-step book is a must-have for residents and fellows in neurosurgery, neurology, endovascular, interventional radiology, vascular neurology, and neurocritical care, as well as veteran clinicians in these specialties.

Neurobiology of Choice

Neurobiology of Choice
A Book

by Daeyeol Lee,Paul Glimcher,Julia Trommershaeuser

  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release : 2012-01-01
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889190110
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research on economic decision-making seeks to understand how subjects choose between plans of action (lotteries, gambles, prospects) that have economic consequences. The key difficulty in making such decisions is that typically no plan of action available to the decision-maker guarantees a specific outcome, rather, consequences are risky or uncertain. More recently, researchers in psychology, behavioral and computational neuroscience and psychology have started to apply these theoretical principles to studying choice behavior and its neural basis in the laboratory, for instance in electrophysiological studies of animals making choices for primary reward such as juice and neuroimaging studies of humans making choices for money. Moreover, researchers across all these fields are, in parallel, studying how decisions are guided by learning and how the computations relevant to decisions and choices are represented neurally. This emerging field of theoretically grounded decision neuroscience is now known as "neuroeconomics." With this Research Topic, we aim to solicit contributions from researchers from the fields of neurobiology, behavioral and computational neuroscience and economics which discuss the neural computations underlying decision-making and adaptive behavior.

Decision Making, Affect, and Learning

Decision Making, Affect, and Learning
Attention and Performance XXIII

by Mauricio R. Delgado,Elizabeth A. Phelps,Trevor W. Robbins

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2011-03-24
  • Pages : 555
  • ISBN : 0199600430
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Papers originally presented at a workshop conference convened in Stowe, Vermont on July 13-17 2008, as part of the Attention and Peformance series.

Emotion and Decision Making Explained

Emotion and Decision Making Explained
A Book

by Edmund T. Rolls

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2013-11
  • Pages : 710
  • ISBN : 0199659893
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relation between emotion, and reward value, and subjective feelings of pleasure? These are just some of the question considered in this book, written by a leading neuroscientist in this field.

The New Mind Readers

The New Mind Readers
What Neuroimaging Can and Cannot Reveal about Our Thoughts

by Russell A. Poldrack

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2020-10-06
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 0691208980
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A revealing insider's account of the power—and limitations—of functional MRI The ability to read minds has long been a fascination of science fiction, but revolutionary new brain-imaging methods are bringing it closer to scientific reality. The New Mind Readers looks at the origins, development, and future of these extraordinary tools, revealing how they are increasingly being used to decode our thoughts and experiences—and how this raises sometimes troubling questions about their application in domains such as marketing, politics, and the law. Written by one of the world's leading pioneers in cognitive neuroscience, this book offers needed perspective on what these emerging methods can and cannot do, and demonstrates how they can provide answers to age-old questions about the nature of consciousness and what it means to be human.

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence and Cognitive Neuroscience

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence and Cognitive Neuroscience
A Book

by Aron K. Barbey,Sherif Karama,Richard J. Haier

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2021-02-28
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9781108727723
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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