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Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts

Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts
A Book

by Christopher W. Schmidt, PhD,James T. Watson, PhD

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-07-15
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 012815599X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Teeth wear down as they are used for a number of functions in life including mastication and non-masticatory activities, such as using them as tools to hold objects in the mouth. Dental wear has been studied for decades at both macroscopic and microscopic levels. However, to date, no volume has been produced that is devoted specifically to dental wear. Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts provides a single source that disseminates current state-of-the-art research regarding dental wear across a variety of hominoid species, and under a number of temporal and spatial contexts. The volume begins with a brief introductory chapter addressing the general history, understandings, and approaches to the study of dental wear. The remaining chapters in the first half of the volume are dedicated to dental macrowear, and the chapters in second half are dedicated to dental microwear. The primary audience for this volume are students and professionals in anthropology, specifically paleoanthropologists, bioarchaeologists, archaeologists, and primatologists. It may also be attractive to dentists and other dental professionals interested in dental function. Covers a wide range of topics including method and theory, macrowear and microwear in primates and fossil hominins Highlights several recent technological innovations, including occlusal fingerprinting, considerations of enamel mechanical properties, and microwear texture Includes case studies from archaeological populations

Long 'on' the Tooth

Long 'on' the Tooth
Dental Evidence of Diet

by Christopher W. Schmidt

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-11-21
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 0128243074
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Long 'on' the Tooth: Dental Evidence of Diet addresses human dental macroscopic and microscopic wear, as well as dental disease, as indicators of diet. The book focuses primarily on 350 pre-contact humans from North America dating from approximately 5,500 to 600 years ago. These populations had subsistence strategies ranging from terrestrial foraging to intensive maize agriculture. The study makes intra- and intergroup comparisons to elucidate dietary nuances that are largely beyond the reach of other means of dietary reconstruction. Finally, the book discusses the importance of using multiple dietary indicators in unison in order to provide paleodietary insights. Includes state-of-the-art dental microwear texture data Focuses on populations largely overlooked in archaeological and dental anthropology volumes Offers the first dental anthropology book to integrate dental pathology and dental microwear texture analysis

A World View of Bioculturally Modified Teeth

A World View of Bioculturally Modified Teeth
A Book

by Scott E. Burnett,Joel D. Irish

  • Publisher : Bioarchaeological Interpretati
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN : 9780813054834
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tooth modification is the longest-lasting type of body modification and the most widespread in the archaeological record. It has been practiced throughout many time periods and on every occupied continent and conveys information about individual people, their societies, and their relationships to others. This necessary volume presents the wide spectrum of intentional dental modification in humans across the globe over the past 16,000 years. These essays draw on research from the Americas, Africa, Asia, Oceania, and Europe. Through archaeological studies, historical and ethnographic sources, and observations of contemporary people, contributors examine instances of tooth filing, notching, inlays, dyeing, and removal. They discuss how to distinguish between these purposeful modifications of teeth and normal wear and tear or disease while demonstrating what patterns of tooth modification can reveal about people and their cultures in the past and present. A volume in the series Bioarchaeological Interpretations of the Human Past: Local, Regional, and Global Perspectives, edited by Clark Spencer LarsenContributors: Verner Alexandersen | Myrtati D. Artaria | Sarah B. Barber | Katelyn L. Bolhofner | Julie A. Bukowski | Scott E. Burnett | Dawn E. Cobb | Andrea Cucina | Isabelle De Groote | Kate Domett | Michele Toomay Douglas | Arthur C. Durband | L.J. Friedling | Cristina García M. | Amanda R. Harvey | Kristin M. Hedman | Louise T. Humphrey | Joel D. Irish | Arthur A. Joyce | Adam Lauer | Christine Lee | Kuang-ti Li | Jolie Liston | Niels Lynnerup | Arion T. Mayes | George R. Milner | Jennifer Newton | Colin Pardoe | Nicolette Parr | Evan Pellegrini | Michael Pietrusewsky | Marco Ramírez-Salomón | E. Melanie Ryan | G. Richard Scott | Vera Tiesler | Andrew R. Thompson | Cheng-hwa Tsang | Christy G. Turner II | Cherie Walth | James T. Watson

Dental Anthropology

Dental Anthropology
A Book

by Simon Hillson

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 1996-09-28
  • Pages : 389
  • ISBN : 9780521451949
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Teeth are among the best sources of evidence for both identification purposes and studies of demography, biological relationships, and health in ancient human communities. The anthropologist's specimen may be a cast that a dentist has taken from a living mouth, or actual teeth from an archaeological site or forensic case. This text introduces the complex biology of teeth and provides a practical guide to all essential aspects of dental anthropology, including excavation, identification, microscopic study, and tooth age determination. Dental Anthropology is a concise yet comprehensive resource designed for students and researchers in anthropology and archaeology.

Bioarchaeology

Bioarchaeology
A Book

by Clark Spencer Larsen

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2015-03-30
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN : 052183869X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A synthetic treatment of the study of human remains from archaeological contexts for current and future generations of bioarchaeologists.

Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series

Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Operative Dentistry E-Book

Advanced Operative Dentistry E-Book
A Practical Approach

by David Ricketts,David W. Bartlett

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2011-05-16
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0702046973
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Elsevier title is a Pageburst product which provides you with the printed volume PLUS an e-book. Pageburst (formerly Evolve eBooks) allows you to quickly search the entire book, make notes, add highlights, and study more efficiently. Buying other Pageburst titles makes your learning experience even better: all of the eBooks will work together on your electronic 'bookshelf' so that you can search across your entire electronic library. Advanced Operative Dentistry: A Practical Approach is a brand new volume that addresses the use of fixed prosthodontics in a single handy reference source. Prepared by editors and contributors of international renown, this volume places unique emphasis on the biological basis of effective treatment planning by describing the diagnosis, aetiology, risk assessment and preventive management of diseases and disorders and how these factors are integral to predictable long-term patient outcomes. Advanced Operative Dentistry: A Practical Approach also gives clear advice on the selection and use of modern dental materials and describes how teeth are prepared – and to what extent – for indirect restorations such as crowns, bridges, veneers, inlays and onlays. The book also explores the use of complex indirect fixed prosthodontics which brings with it specific issues of restoration design, retention and occlusal management. Recognising that great deal of emphasis is placed on aesthetic dentistry by patient and dentist alike, this text also discusses factors which can impact upon aesthetics and how the aesthetic demands of patients can be met in a realistic and ethical manner. Clearly written and fully illustrated throughout, this practical step-by-step guide will be ideal for undergraduate dental students, vocational trainees and practitioners undertaking post-graduate exams. Prepared by editors and contributors of international renown Contains an abundance of full colour, clinical illustrations to show the results that can be achieved in real life Describes how to achieve the best appearance in order to meet increasing patient expectations Discusses the use of fixed prosthodontics in one volume and how fixed and removable prosthodontics can be integrated Gives unique emphasis on the preventative, biological approach to the use of fixed prosthodontics in order to ensure positive long-term treatment outcomes Clearly illustrates why aspects of tooth preparation are necessary and how the construction of restorations influences their fit Provides an integrated, multidisciplinary step-by-step guide to the provision of indirect fixed restorations Provides guidance on effective communication with laboratory staff to ensure high-quality tooth preparation Describes the correct handling of materials and restorations when being fitted Presents the latest findings regarding the use of contemporary materials and techniques – such as the use of Expasyl, Protemp temporary crowns, CAD and CAM crowns Comprehensive coverage of the subject area makes cross-referencing to other books unnecessary

Dental Anthropology

Dental Anthropology
Fundamentals, Limits and Prospects

by Kurt W. Alt,Friedrich W. Rösing,Maria Teschler-Nicola

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN : 3709174961
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shelley Saunders This book offers a welcome diversity of topics covering the broader subjects of teeth and the study of teeth by anthropologists. There is an impressive array of coverage here including the history of anthropological study of the teeth, morphology and structure, pathology and epidemiology, the relationship between nutrition, human behavior and the dentition, age and sex estimation from teeth, and geographic and genetic variation. Most chapter authors have provided thorough reviews of their subjects along with examples of recent analytical work and recommendations for future research. North American researchers should particularly appreciate the access to an extensive European literature cited in the individual chapter bibliographies. Physical anthropologists with even a passing interest in dental research should greet the publication of this book with pleasure since it adds to a growing list of books on how the study of teeth can tell us so much about past human populations. In addition to the archaeological applications, there is the forensic objective of dental anthropology which the editors refer to in their introduction which is dealt with in this volume. The chapters dealing with methods of sex determination, age estimation of juveniles and age estimation of adults using the teeth are exhaustive and exacting and of critical importance to both "osteoarchaeologists" and forensic anthropologists. Authors Liversidge, Herdeg and Rosing provide very clear guidelines for the use of dental formation standards in juvenile age estimation, recommendations that are so obviously necessary at this time.

The Art of Being Human

The Art of Being Human
A Book

by Michael Wesch

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2018-08-07
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 9781724963673
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Anthropology is the study of all humans in all times in all places. But it is so much more than that. "Anthropology requires strength, valor, and courage," Nancy Scheper-Hughes noted. "Pierre Bourdieu called anthropology a combat sport, an extreme sport as well as a tough and rigorous discipline. ... It teaches students not to be afraid of getting one's hands dirty, to get down in the dirt, and to commit yourself, body and mind. Susan Sontag called anthropology a "heroic" profession." What is the payoff for this heroic journey? You will find ideas that can carry you across rivers of doubt and over mountains of fear to find the the light and life of places forgotten. Real anthropology cannot be contained in a book. You have to go out and feel the world's jagged edges, wipe its dust from your brow, and at times, leave your blood in its soil. In this unique book, Dr. Michael Wesch shares many of his own adventures of being an anthropologist and what the science of human beings can tell us about the art of being human. This special first draft edition is a loose framework for more and more complete future chapters and writings. It serves as a companion to anth101.com, a free and open resource for instructors of cultural anthropology. This 2018 text is a revision of the "first draft edition" from 2017 and includes 7 new chapters.

New Directions in Biocultural Anthropology

New Directions in Biocultural Anthropology
A Book

by Molly K. Zuckerman,Debra L. Martin

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-08-22
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 1118962931
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biocultural or biosocial anthropology is a research approach that views biology and culture as dialectically and inextricably intertwined, explicitly emphasizing the dynamic interaction between humans and their larger social, cultural, and physical environments. The biocultural approach emerged in anthropology in the 1960s, matured in the 1980s, and is now one of the dominant paradigms in anthropology, particularly within biological anthropology. This volume gathers contributions from the top scholars in biocultural anthropology focusing on six of the most influential, productive, and important areas of research within biocultural anthropology. These are: critical and synthetic approaches within biocultural anthropology; biocultural approaches to identity, including race and racism; health, diet, and nutrition; infectious disease from antiquity to the modern era; epidemiologic transitions and population dynamics; and inequality and violence studies. Focusing on these six major areas of burgeoning research within biocultural anthropology makes the proposed volume timely, widely applicable and useful to scholars engaging in biocultural research and students interested in the biocultural approach, and synthetic in its coverage of contemporary scholarship in biocultural anthropology. Students will be able to grasp the history of the biocultural approach, and how that history continues to impact scholarship, as well as the scope of current research within the approach, and the foci of biocultural research into the future. Importantly, contributions in the text follow a consistent format of a discussion of method and theory relative to a particular aspect of the above six topics, followed by a case study applying the surveyed method and theory. This structure will engage students by providing real world examples of anthropological issues, and demonstrating how biocultural method and theory can be used to elucidate and resolve them. Key features include: Contributions which span the breadth of approaches and topics within biological anthropology from the insights granted through work with ancient human remains to those granted through collaborative research with contemporary peoples. Comprehensive treatment of diverse topics within biocultural anthropology, from human variation and adaptability to recent disease pandemics, the embodied effects of race and racism, industrialization and the rise of allergy and autoimmune diseases, and the sociopolitics of slavery and torture. Contributions and sections united by thematically cohesive threads. Clear, jargon-free language in a text that is designed to be pedagogically flexible: contributions are written to be both understandable and engaging to both undergraduate and graduate students. Provision of synthetic theory, method and data in each contribution. The use of richly contextualized case studies driven by empirical data. Through case-study driven contributions, each chapter demonstrates how biocultural approaches can be used to better understand and resolve real-world problems and anthropological issues.

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth
Dental Morphology and Its Variation in Recent and Fossil Homo sapien

by G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner II,Grant C. Townsend,María Martinón-Torres

  • Publisher : Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology
  • Release : 2018-03-15
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 1107174414
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Complete guide to genetics, evolution, and variation in human tooth crown and root morphology in modern and fossil Homo sapiens.

A Neolithic Cemetery in the Northern Dongola Reach

A Neolithic Cemetery in the Northern Dongola Reach
Excavations at Site R12

by Sandro Salvatori,Donatella Usai,Luana Cenci

  • Publisher : British Archaeological Reports Limited
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The excavation report of a Neolithic cemetery (at site R2) on the east back of the Nile, the most detailed to date. Chapters look at the grave goods, including pottery, lithic tools, stone gems, and animal remains used both for tools and ornaments, and at the human skeletal and dental remains. Bio-archaeology provides evidence for the diet and health of the population, whilst grave goods offer evidence of chronology and social complexity. Tentative conclusions about the relative roles of hunting, herding and agriculture are offered.

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains
A Book

by Christopher W. Schmidt,Steven A. Symes

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2011-10-10
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 008055928X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This unique reference provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators, to biological anthropologists looking at the recent or ancient dead. Includes the diagnostic patterning of color changes that give insight to the severity of burning, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence) of soft tissues during the burning event Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for how to study and recognize burned hard tissues

Skeletal Anatomy of the Newborn Primate

Skeletal Anatomy of the Newborn Primate
A Book

by Timothy D. Smith,Valerie B. DeLeon,Chris Vinyard,Jesse W. Young

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2020-05-28
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1107152690
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first clearly-illustrated, comparative book on developmental primate skeletal anatomy, focused on the highly informative newborn stage.

Human Adaptations and Cultural Change in the Greater Southwest

Human Adaptations and Cultural Change in the Greater Southwest
An Overview of Archeological Resources in the Basin and Range Province

by Alan H. Simmons

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Bioarchaeology of Children

The Bioarchaeology of Children
Perspectives from Biological and Forensic Anthropology

by Mary E. Lewis

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 255
  • ISBN : 9780521836029
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Publisher Description

Ancient Bodies, Modern Lives

Ancient Bodies, Modern Lives
How Evolution Has Shaped Women's Health

by Wenda Trevathan

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2010-05-27
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 0195388887
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Ancient Bodies, Modern Lives, anthropologist Wenda Trevathan explores a range of women's health issues, with a specific focus on reproduction, that may be viewed through an evolutionary lens. Trevathan illustrates the power and potential of examining the human life cycle from an evolutionary perspective, and how such an approach could help improve both our understanding of women's health and our ability to respond to health challenges in creative and effective ways.

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine
Complementary Sciences From Recovery to Cause of Death

by Aurore Schmitt

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-11-09
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1597450995
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent political, religious, ethnic, and racial conflicts, as well as mass disasters, have significantly helped to bring to light the almost unknown dis- pline of forensic anthropology. This science has become particularly useful to forensic pathologists because it aids in solving various puzzles, such as id- tifying victims and documenting crimes. On topics such as mass disasters and crimes against humanity, teamwork between forensic pathologists and for- sic anthropologists has significantly increased over the few last years. This relationship has also improved the study of routine cases in local medicolegal institutes. When human remains are badly decomposed, partially skelet- ized, and/or burned, it is particularly useful for the forensic pathologist to be assisted by a forensic anthropologist. It is not a one-way situation: when the forensic anthropologist deals with skeletonized bodies that have some kind of soft tissue, the advice of a forensic pathologist would be welcome. Forensic anthropology is a subspecialty/field of physical anthropology. Most of the background on skeletal biology was gathered on the basis of sk- etal remains from past populations. Physical anthropologists then developed an indisputable “know-how”; nevertheless, one must keep in mind that looking for a missing person or checking an assumed identity is quite a different matter. Pieces of information needed by forensic anthropologists require a higher level of reliability and accuracy than those granted in a general archaeological c- text. To achieve a positive identification, findings have to match with e- dence, particularly when genetic identification is not possible.

Health in Past Societies

Health in Past Societies
Biocultural Interpretations of Human Skeletal Remains in Archaeological Contexts

by Helen Bush,Marek Zvelebil

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 145
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dental Erosion

Dental Erosion
From Diagnosis to Therapy

by Adrian Lussi

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2006-01-01
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN : 3805580975
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Erosive tooth wear is a multifactorial condition of growing concern to the clinician and is a subject of extensive research. This book is the first which deals in such detail with dental erosion. It presents the whole spectrum of views on the issue, from the molecular level to behavioral aspects, as well as trends in society. The multifactorial etiological pattern of erosive tooth wear is emphasized and is a strand connecting the different chapters of the book. Definition, diagnosis, prevalence, incidence and chemistry of dental erosion are discussed in the first part of the publication. Further, topics like extrinsic and intrinsic causes of dental erosion are covered and a chapter is devoted to dental erosion in children. Methods of assessment are presented and critically evaluated. The book concludes with themes on dentinal hypersensitivity, risk assessment and preventive measures and restorative options for erosive lesions. This publication is not only highly recommended to faculty members, researchers and dental students, but also to practitioners and other dental professionals who are committed to the prevention and treatment of dental erosion.