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Designing EEG Experiments for Studying the Brain

Designing EEG Experiments for Studying the Brain
Design Code and Example Datasets

by Aamir Saeed Malik,Hafeez Ullah Amin

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-05-25
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 0128111410
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Designing EEG Experiments for Studying the Brain: Design Code and Example Datasets details the design of various brain experiments using electroencephalogram (EEG). Providing guidelines for designing an EEG experiment, it is primarily for researchers who want to venture into this field by designing their own experiments as well as those who are excited about neuroscience and want to explore various applications related to the brain. The first chapter describes how to design an EEG experiment and details the various parameters that should be considered for success, while remaining chapters provide experiment design for a number of neurological applications, both clinical and behavioral. As each chapter is accompanied with experiment design codes and example datasets, those interested can quickly design their own experiments or use the current design for their own purposes. Helpful appendices provide various forms for one’s experiment including recruitment forms, feedback forms, ethics forms, and recommendations for related hardware equipment and software for data acquisition, processing, and analysis. Written to assist neuroscientists in experiment designs using EEG Presents a step-by-step approach to designing both clinical and behavioral EEG experiments Includes experiment design codes and example datasets Provides inclusion and exclusion criteria to help correctly identify experiment subjects and the minimum number of samples Includes appendices that provide recruitment forms, ethics forms, and various subjective tests associated with each of the chapters

EEG-Based Experiment Design for Major Depressive Disorder

EEG-Based Experiment Design for Major Depressive Disorder
Machine Learning and Psychiatric Diagnosis

by Aamir Saeed Malik,Wajid Mumtaz

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-06-15
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9780128174203
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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EEG-Based Experiment Design for Major Depressive Disorder: Machine Learning and Psychiatric Diagnosis introduces EEG-based machine learning solutions for the diagnosis and assessment of treatment efficacy for a variety of conditions. With a unique combination of background and practical perspectives for the use of automated EEG methods for mental illness, it details how to design a successful experiment, providing experimental designs for both clinical and behavioral applications. In addition, the book details the pathophysiology of several conditions, including depression, anxiety and epilepsy, along with neural circuits and detailed options for diagnosis. Written to assist in neuroscience experiment design using EEG Provides a step-by-step approach for designing clinical experiments using EEG Includes example datasets for affected individuals and healthy controls Lists inclusion and exclusion criteria to help identify experiment subjects Features appendices detailing subjective tests for screening patients Examines applications for personalized treatment decisions

Neuroergonomics

Neuroergonomics
The Brain at Work and in Everyday Life

by Hasan Ayaz,Frederic Dehais

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-11-21
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 0128119276
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroergonomics: The Brain at Work and in Everyday Life details the methodologies that are useful for keeping an ideal human-machine system up-to-date, along with information on how to prevent potential overload and minimize errors. It discusses neural measures and the proper methods and technologies to maximize performance, thus providing a resource for neuroscientists who want to learn more about the technologies and real-time tools that can help them assess cognitive and motivational states of human operators and close the loop for advanced human-machine interaction. With the advent of new and improved tools that allow monitoring of brain activity in the field and better identification of neurophysiological markers that can index impending overload or fatigue, this book is a timely resource on the topic. Includes neurobiological models to better understand risky decision-making and cognitive countermeasures, augmented cognition, and brain stimulations to enhance performance and mitigate human error Features innovative methodologies and protocols using psychophysiological measurements and brain imaging techniques in realistic operational settings Discusses numerous topics, including cognitive performance in psychological and neurological disorders, brain computer interfaces (BCI), and human performance monitoring in ecological conditions, virtual reality, and serious gaming

Guide to Research Techniques in Neuroscience

Guide to Research Techniques in Neuroscience
A Book

by Matt Carter,Jennifer C. Shieh

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-02-27
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 0128005971
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroscience is, by definition, a multidisciplinary field: some scientists study genes and proteins at the molecular level while others study neural circuitry using electrophysiology and high-resolution optics. A single topic can be studied using techniques from genetics, imaging, biochemistry, or electrophysiology. Therefore, it can be daunting for young scientists or anyone new to neuroscience to learn how to read the primary literature and develop their own experiments. This volume addresses that gap, gathering multidisciplinary knowledge and providing tools for understanding the neuroscience techniques that are essential to the field, and allowing the reader to design experiments in a variety of neuroscience disciplines. Written to provide a "hands-on" approach for graduate students, postdocs, or anyone new to the neurosciences Techniques within one field are compared, allowing readers to select the best techniques for their own work Includes key articles, books, and protocols for additional detailed study Data analysis boxes in each chapter help with data interpretation and offer guidelines on how best to represent results Walk-through boxes guide readers step-by-step through experiments

Brain–Computer Interfaces Handbook

Brain–Computer Interfaces Handbook
Technological and Theoretical Advances

by Chang S. Nam,Anton Nijholt,Fabien Lotte

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-01-09
  • Pages : 788
  • ISBN : 1351231944
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Brain–Computer Interfaces Handbook: Technological and Theoretical Advances provides a tutorial and an overview of the rich and multi-faceted world of Brain–Computer Interfaces (BCIs). The authors supply readers with a contemporary presentation of fundamentals, theories, and diverse applications of BCI, creating a valuable resource for anyone involved with the improvement of people’s lives by replacing, restoring, improving, supplementing or enhancing natural output from the central nervous system. It is a useful guide for readers interested in understanding how neural bases for cognitive and sensory functions, such as seeing, hearing, and remembering, relate to real-world technologies. More precisely, this handbook details clinical, therapeutic and human-computer interfaces applications of BCI and various aspects of human cognition and behavior such as perception, affect, and action. It overviews the different methods and techniques used in acquiring and pre-processing brain signals, extracting features, and classifying users’ mental states and intentions. Various theories, models, and empirical findings regarding the ways in which the human brain interfaces with external systems and environments using BCI are also explored. The handbook concludes by engaging ethical considerations, open questions, and challenges that continue to face brain–computer interface research. Features an in-depth look at the different methods and techniques used in acquiring and pre-processing brain signals, extracting features, and classifying the user's intention Covers various theories, models, and empirical findings regarding ways in which the human brain can interface with the systems or external environments Presents applications of BCI technology to understand various aspects of human cognition and behavior such as perception, affect, action, and more Includes clinical trials and individual case studies of the experimental therapeutic applications of BCI Provides human factors and human-computer interface concerns in the design, development, and evaluation of BCIs Overall, this handbook provides a synopsis of key technological and theoretical advances that are directly applicable to brain–computer interfacing technologies and can be readily understood and applied by individuals with no formal training in BCI research and development.

EEG Methods for the Psychological Sciences

EEG Methods for the Psychological Sciences
A Book

by Cheryl L Dickter,Paul D Kieffaber

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2013-12-20
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 1446296741
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"A unique and important resource, full of critical practical knowledge and technical details made readily accessible." - Tiffany Ito, University of Colorado at Boulder "A comprehensive and engaging guide to EEG methods in social neuroscience; Dickter and Kiefabber offer practical details for conducting EEG research in a social/personality lab, with a broad perspective on how neuroscience can inform psychology. This is a unique and invaluable resource - a must-have for scientists interested in the social brain." - David M. Amodio, New York University Electroencephalography (EEG) has seen a dramatic increase in application as a research tool in the psychological sciences in recent years. This book provides an introduction to the technology and techniques of EEG in the context of social and cognitive neuroscience research that will appeal to investigators (students or researchers) wishing to broaden their research aims to include EEG, and to those already using EEG but wishing to expand their analytic repertoire. It can also serve as a textbook for a postgraduate course or upper-level undergraduate course in any area of behavioural neuroscience. The book provides an introduction to the theory, technology, and techniques of EEG data analysis along with the practical skills required to engage this popular technology. Beginning with a background in the neural origins and physical principles involved in recording EEG, readers will also find discussions of practical considerations regarding the recording of EEG in humans as well as tips for the configuration of an EEG laboratory. The analytic methods covered include event-related brain potentials (ERPs), spectral asymmetry, and time-frequency analyses. A conceptual background and review of domain-specific applications of the method is provided for each type of analysis. There's also comprehensive guided analysis for each analytic method that includes tutorial-style instruction and sample datasets. This book is perfect for advanced students and researchers in the psychological sciences and related disciplines who are using EEG in their research.

An Introduction to the Event-related Potential Technique

An Introduction to the Event-related Potential Technique
A Book

by Stephen J. Luck

  • Publisher : Bradford Books
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Steve Luck offers a guide to the practicalities of conducting ERP (event-related potential) experiments in cognitive neuroscience and related fields. He summarises the accumulated body of ERP theory and practice and presents the theoretical background needed to understand the science.

Brain-Computer Interface Systems

Brain-Computer Interface Systems
Recent Progress and Future Prospects

by Reza Fazel-Rezai

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2013-06-05
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9535111345
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) systems allow communication based on a direct electronic interface which conveys messages and commands directly from the human brain to a computer. In the recent years, attention to this new area of research and the number of publications discussing different paradigms, methods, signal processing algorithms, and applications have been increased dramatically. The objective of this book is to discuss recent progress and future prospects of BCI systems. The topics discussed in this book are: important issues concerning end-users; approaches to interconnect a BCI system with one or more applications; several advanced signal processing methods (i.e., adaptive network fuzzy inference systems, Bayesian sequential learning, fractal features and neural networks, autoregressive models of wavelet bases, hidden Markov models, equivalent current dipole source localization, and independent component analysis); review of hybrid and wireless techniques used in BCI systems; and applications of BCI systems in epilepsy treatment and emotion detections.

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
From User Studies to Psychophysics

by Douglas W. Cunningham,Christian Wallraven

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-11-17
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 1439865515
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As computers proliferate and as the field of computer graphics matures, it has become increasingly important for computer scientists to understand how users perceive and interpret computer graphics. Experimental Design: From User Studies to Psychophysics is an accessible introduction to psychological experiments and experimental design, covering the major components in the design, execution, and analysis of perceptual studies. The book begins with an introduction to the concepts central to designing and understanding experiments, including developing a research question, setting conditions and controls, and balancing specificity with generality. The book then explores in detail a number of types of experimental tasks: free description, rating scales, forced-choice, specialized multiple choice, and real-world tasks as well as physiological studies. It discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each type and provides examples of that type of experiment from the authors’ own work. The book also covers stimulus-related issues, including popular stimulus resources. It concludes with a thorough examination of statistical techniques for analyzing results, including methods specific to individual tasks.

Human Brain Function

Human Brain Function
A Book

by Karl J. Friston,Christopher D. Frith,Raymond J. Dolan,Cathy J. Price,Semir Zeki,John T. Ashburner,William D. Penny

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2004-01-26
  • Pages : 1144
  • ISBN : 9780080472959
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This updated second edition provides the state of the art perspective of the theory, practice and application of modern non-invasive imaging methods employed in exploring the structural and functional architecture of the normal and diseased human brain. Like the successful first edition, it is written by members of the Functional Imaging Laboratory - the Wellcome Trust funded London lab that has contributed much to the development of brain imaging methods and their application in the last decade. This book should excite and intrigue anyone interested in the new facts about the brain gained from neuroimaging and also those who wish to participate in this area of brain science. * Represents an almost entirely new book from 1st edition, covering the rapid advances in methods and in understanding of how human brains are organized * Reviews major advances in cognition, perception, emotion and action * Introduces novel experimental designs and analytical techniques made possible with fMRI, including event-related designs and non-linear analysis

Brain Imaging of Nicotine and Tobacco Smoking

Brain Imaging of Nicotine and Tobacco Smoking
A Book

by Edward F. Domino

  • Publisher : C B N Publishing
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Decision Making and the Brain

by Paul W. Glimcher,Ernst Fehr

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-08-13
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 0123914698
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the years since it first published, Neuroeconomics: Decision Making and the Brain has become the standard reference and textbook in the burgeoning field of neuroeconomics. The second edition, a nearly complete revision of this landmark book, will set a new standard. This new edition features five sections designed to serve as both classroom-friendly introductions to each of the major subareas in neuroeconomics, and as advanced synopses of all that has been accomplished in the last two decades in this rapidly expanding academic discipline. The first of these sections provides useful introductions to the disciplines of microeconomics, the psychology of judgment and decision, computational neuroscience, and anthropology for scholars and students seeking interdisciplinary breadth. The second section provides an overview of how human and animal preferences are represented in the mammalian nervous systems. Chapters on risk, time preferences, social preferences, emotion, pharmacology, and common neural currencies—each written by leading experts—lay out the foundations of neuroeconomic thought. The third section contains both overview and in-depth chapters on the fundamentals of reinforcement learning, value learning, and value representation. The fourth section, “The Neural Mechanisms for Choice, integrates what is known about the decision-making architecture into state-of-the-art models of how we make choices. The final section embeds these mechanisms in a larger social context, showing how these mechanisms function during social decision-making in both humans and animals. The book provides a historically rich exposition in each of its chapters and emphasizes both the accomplishments and the controversies in the field. A clear explanatory style and a single expository voice characterize all chapters, making core issues in economics, psychology, and neuroscience accessible to scholars from all disciplines. The volume is essential reading for anyone interested in neuroeconomics in particular or decision making in general. Editors and contributing authors are among the acknowledged experts and founders in the field, making this the authoritative reference for neuroeconomics Suitable as an advanced undergraduate or graduate textbook as well as a thorough reference for active researchers Introductory chapters on economics, psychology, neuroscience, and anthropology provide students and scholars from any discipline with the keys to understanding this interdisciplinary field Detailed chapters on subjects that include reinforcement learning, risk, inter-temporal choice, drift-diffusion models, game theory, and prospect theory make this an invaluable reference Published in association with the Society for Neuroeconomics—www.neuroeconomics.org Full-color presentation throughout with numerous carefully selected illustrations to highlight key concepts

Brain Function and Oscillations

Brain Function and Oscillations
Volume I: Brain Oscillations. Principles and Approaches

by Erol Ba?ar

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 1998-09-10
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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by W. J. Freeman These two volumes on "Brain Oscillations" appear at a most opportune time. As the "Decade of the Brain" draws to its close, brain science is coming to terms with its ultimate problem: understanding the mechanisms by which the immense number of neurons in the human brain interact to produce the higher cognitive functions. The ideas, concepts, methods, interpretations and examples, which are presented here in voluminous detail by a world-class authority in electrophysiology, summarize the intellectual equipment that will be required to construct satisfactory solutions to the problem. Neuroscience is ripe for change. The last revolution of ideas took place in the middle of the century now ending, when the field took a sharp turn into a novel direction. During the preceding five decades the prevailing view, carried forward from the 19th century, was that neurons are the carriers of nerve energy, either in chemical or electrical forms (Freeman, 1995). That point of view was enormously productive in terms of coming to understand the chemical basis for synaptic transmission, the electrochemistry of the ac tion potential, the ionic mechanisms of membrane currents and gates, the functional neuroanatomy that underlies the hierarchy of reflexes, and the neural fields and'their resonances that support Gestalt phenomena. No bet ter testimony can be given of the power of the applications of this approach than to point out that it provides the scientific basis for contemporary neu rology, neuropsychiatry, and brain imaging.

Phenotypes and Endophenotypes

Phenotypes and Endophenotypes
Foundations for Genetic Studies of Nicotine Use and Dependence

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 626
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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EEG - fMRI

EEG - fMRI
Physiological Basis, Technique, and Applications

by Christoph Mulert,Louis Lemieux

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-10-29
  • Pages : 539
  • ISBN : 9783540879190
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and Electronecephalography (EEG) are very important and complementary modalities since fMRI offers high spatial resolution and EEG is a direct measurement of neuronal activity with high temporal resolution. Interest in the integration of both types of data is growing rapidly as it promises to provide important new insights into human brain activity as it has already done so in the field of epilepsy. The availability of good quality instrumentation capable of providing interference-free data in both modalities means that electrophysiological and haemodynamic characteristics of individual brain events can be captured for the first time. Consequently, it seems certain that the integration of fMRI and EEG will play an increasing role in neuroscience and of the clinical study of brain disorders such as epilepsy. The proposed book will discuss in detail the physiological principles, practical aspects of measurement, artefact reduction and analysis and also applications of the integration of fMRI and EEG. All applications, which are mainly in the fields of sleep research, cognitive neuroscience and clinical use in neurology and psychiatry will be reviewed.

Principles of Brain Dynamics

Principles of Brain Dynamics
Global State Interactions

by Mikhail I. Rabinovich,Karl J. Friston,Pablo Varona

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2012-07-06
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0262304651
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experimental and theoretical approaches to global brain dynamics that draw on the latest research in the field. The consideration of time or dynamics is fundamental for all aspects of mental activity—perception, cognition, and emotion—because the main feature of brain activity is the continuous change of the underlying brain states even in a constant environment. The application of nonlinear dynamics to the study of brain activity began to flourish in the 1990s when combined with empirical observations from modern morphological and physiological observations. This book offers perspectives on brain dynamics that draw on the latest advances in research in the field. It includes contributions from both theoreticians and experimentalists, offering an eclectic treatment of fundamental issues. Topics addressed range from experimental and computational approaches to transient brain dynamics to the free-energy principle as a global brain theory. The book concludes with a short but rigorous guide to modern nonlinear dynamics and their application to neural dynamics.

Introduction to Psychology

Introduction to Psychology
A Book

by Charles Stangor,Jennifer Walinga

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 682
  • ISBN : 9781936126491
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This book is designed to help students organize their thinking about psychology at a conceptual level. The focus on behaviour and empiricism has produced a text that is better organized, has fewer chapters, and is somewhat shorter than many of the leading books. The beginning of each section includes learning objectives; throughout the body of each section are key terms in bold followed by their definitions in italics; key takeaways, and exercises and critical thinking activities end each section"--BCcampus website.

Brainwaves: A Cultural History of Electroencephalography

Brainwaves: A Cultural History of Electroencephalography
A Book

by Cornelius Borck

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-01-29
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 1317172809
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the history of brain research, the prospect of visualizing brain processes has continually awakened great expectations. In this study, Cornelius Borck focuses on a recording technique developed by the German physiologist Hans Berger to register electric brain currents; a technique that was expected to allow the brain to write in its own language, and which would reveal the way the brain worked. Borck traces the numerous contradictory interpretations of electroencephalography, from Berger’s experiments and his publication of the first human EEG in 1929, to its international proliferation and consolidation as a clinical diagnostic method in the mid-twentieth century. Borck's thesis is that the language of the brain takes on specific contours depending on the local investigative cultures, from whose conflicting views emerged a new scientific object: the electric brain.

Designing Research on Bilingual Development

Designing Research on Bilingual Development
Behavioral and Neurolinguistic Experiments

by Monika S. Schmid,Sanne M. Berends,Christopher Bergmann,Susanne M. Brouwer,Nienke Meulman,Bregtje J. Seton,Simone A. Sprenger,Laurie A. Stowe

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-07-24
  • Pages : 107
  • ISBN : 3319115294
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume offers an in-depth description and discussion of research design for a large-scale investigation of bilingual development. It introduces and justifies a range of theoretical and methodological innovations, discusses some of the problems that come with these and proposes practical solutions. The present volume introduces a research design intended to capture a wide range of linguistic data, elicited by means of behavioral tasks, neuroimageing data and free speech from both second language learners and first language attriters of two languages (Dutch and German) representing a wide range of language combinations and ages of onset. Gathering and analyzing such a range of data comes with a multiplicity of problems, many of them linked to the fact that similar tests have to be designed across a range of languages and measurements will have to occur in various locations. The current volume presents a research design appropriate to these questions, discussing the methodological challenges of such a study. It offers advice on how to construct experimental materials which are parallel across different languages set up a protocol for additional measures which can be applied across a wide range of participants combine data from different labs when using different ERP equipment and different eyetrackers.

Indexes to the Epilepsy Accessions of the Epilepsy Information System

Indexes to the Epilepsy Accessions of the Epilepsy Information System
A Book

by J. Kiffin Penry

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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