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Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Vol 2

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Vol 2
Particle Deposition, Control and Removal

by Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2009-10-02
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9781437778311
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rajiv Kohli and Kash Mittal have brought together the work of experts from different industry sectors and backgrounds to provide a state-of-the-art survey and best practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination. Topics covered include: A systems analysis approach to contamination control Physical factors that influence the behavior of particle deposition in enclosures An overview of current yield models and description of advanced models Types of strippable coatings, their properties and applications of these coatings for removal of surface contaminants In-depth coverage of ultrasonic cleaning Contamination and cleaning issues at the nanoscale Experimental results illustrating the impact of model parameters on the removal of particle contamination The expert contributions in this book provide a valuable source of information on the current status and recent developments in surface contamination and cleaning. The book will be of value to industry, government and academic personnel involved in research and development, manufacturing, process and quality control, and procurement specifications across sectors including microelectronics, aerospace, optics, xerography and joining (adhesive bonding). ABOUT THE EDITORS Rajiv Kohli is a leading expert with The Aerospace Corporation in contaminant particle behavior, surface cleaning, and contamination control. At the NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, he provides technical support for contamination control related to ground-based and manned spaceflight hardware for the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and the new Constellation Program that is designed to meet the United States Vision for Space Exploration. Kashmiri Lal "Kash" Mittal was associated with IBM from 1972 to 1994. Currently, he is teaching and consulting in the areas of surface contamination and cleaning, and in adhesion science and technology. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology and is the editor of 98 published books, many of them dealing with surface contamination and cleaning. Also available Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 1: Fundamentals and Applied Aspects (edited by Rajiv Kohli & K.L. Mittal). ISBN: 9780815515555. · Provides guidance on best-practice cleaning techniques and the avoidance of surface contamination · Covers contamination and cleaning issues at the nanoscale · Includes an in-depth look at ultrasonic cleaning

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Vol. 1

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Vol. 1
Fundamentals and Applied Aspects

by Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2015-11-12
  • Pages : 894
  • ISBN : 0323312705
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Vol. 1: Fundamentals and Applied Aspects, Second Edition, provides an excellent source of information on alternative cleaning techniques and methods for characterization of surface contamination and validation. Each volume in this series contains a particular topical focus, covering the key techniques and recent developments in the area. This volume forms the heart of the series, covering the fundamentals and application aspects, characterization of surface contaminants, and methods for removal of surface contamination. In addition, new cleaning techniques effective at smaller scales are considered and employed for removal where conventional cleaning techniques fail, along with new cleaning techniques for molecular contaminants. The Volume is edited by the leading experts in small particle surface contamination and cleaning, providing an invaluable reference for researchers and engineers in R&D, manufacturing, quality control, and procurement specification in a multitude of industries such as aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. Provides best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or those who handle the consequences of surface contamination Addresses the continuing trends of shrinking device size and contamination vulnerability in a range of industries as spearheaded by the semiconductor industry Presents state-of-the-art survey information on precision cleaning and characterization methods as written by a team of world-class experts in the field

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Applications of Cleaning Techniques

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Applications of Cleaning Techniques
A Book

by Rajiv Kohli,K.L. Mittal

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-27
  • Pages : 830
  • ISBN : 0128155787
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Applications of Cleaning Techniques, Volume Eleven, part of the Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning series, provides a guide to recent advances in the application of cleaning techniques for the removal of surface contamination in various industries, such as aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. The material in this new edition compiles cleaning applications into one easy reference that has been fully updated to incorporate new applications and techniques. Taken as a whole, the series forms a unique reference for professionals and academics working in the area of surface contamination and cleaning. Presents the latest reviewed technical information on precision cleaning applications as written by established experts in the field Provides a single source on the applications of innovative precision cleaning techniques for a wide variety of industries Serves as a guide to the selection of precision cleaning techniques for specific applications

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 12

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 12
Methods for Assessment and Verification of Cleanliness of Surfaces and Characterization of Surface Contaminants

by Rajiv Kohli,K.L. Mittal

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-06-08
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 0128162953
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Methods for Assessment and Verification of Cleanliness of Surfaces and Characterization of Surface Contaminants, Volume Twelve, the latest release in the Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning series, provides best practices on determining surface cleanliness. Chapters include an introduction to the nature and size of particles, a discussion of cleanliness levels, detailed coverage of measurement methods, characterization methods and analytical methods for evaluating surfaces, and an overview of analysis methods for various contaminants. As a whole, the series creates a unique and comprehensive knowledge base for those in research and development in a variety of industries. Manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification professionals in the aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography industries will find this book to be very helpful. In addition, researchers in an academic setting will also find these volumes excellent source books. Includes an extensive listing, with a description of available methods for the assessment of surface cleanliness Provides a single source of information on methods for verification of surface cleanliness Serves as a guide to the selection, assessment and verification of methods for specific applications

Surface Contamination and Cleaning

Surface Contamination and Cleaning
A Book

by Kash L. Mittal

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2003-03-01
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN : 9047403282
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume documents the proceedings of the International Symposium on Surface Contamination and Cleaning, held in Newark, New Jersey, May 23-25, 2001. Because of the importance of this topic in many technological areas, tremendous efforts have been devoted to devise novel and more efficient ways to monitor, analyse and characterize contamination

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 4

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 4
Detection, Characterization, and Analysis of Contaminants

by Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2011-09-26
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1437778844
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this series Rajiv Kohli and Kash Mittal have brought together the work of experts from different industry sectors and backgrounds to provide a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination. The expert contributions in this volume cover important fundamental aspects of surface contamination that are key to understanding the behavior of specific types of contaminants. This understanding is essential to develop preventative and mitigation methods for contamination control. The coverage complements the treatment of surface contamination in vol.1, Fundamental and Applied Aspects. This volume covers: Sources and Generation of Particles; Manipulation Techniques for Particles on Surfaces; Particle Deposition and Rebound; Particle Behavior in Liquid Systems; Biological and Metallic Contamination; and includes a comprehensive list of current standards and resources. Comprehensive coverage of innovations in surface contamination and cleaning Written by established experts in the contamination and cleaning field Each chapter is a comprehensive review of the state of the art Case studies included

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 7

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 7
Cleanliness Validation and Verification

by Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2014-11-18
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 0323311458
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As device sizes in the semiconductor industries are shrinking, they become more vulnerable to smaller contaminant particles, and most conventional cleaning techniques employed in the industry are not as effective at smaller scales. The book series Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning as a whole provides an excellent source of information on these alternative cleaning techniques as well as methods for characterization and validation of surface contamination. Each volume has a particular topical focus, covering the key techniques and recent developments in the area. The chapters in this Volume address the sources of surface contaminants and various methods for their collection and characterization, as well as methods for cleanliness validation. Regulatory aspects of cleaning are also covered. The collection of topics in this book is unique and complements other volumes in this series. Edited by the leading experts in small-scale particle surface contamination, cleaning and cleaning control, these books will be an invaluable reference for researchers and engineers in R&D, manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification situated in a multitude of industries such as: aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. Provides a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination Addresses the continuing trends of shrinking device size and contamination vulnerability in a range of industries, spearheaded by the semiconductor industry and others Includes new regulatory aspects

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 8

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 8
Cleaning Techniques

by Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2015-06-03
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 0323312713
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As device sizes in the semiconductor industries shrink, devices become more vulnerable to smaller contaminant particles, and most conventional cleaning techniques employed in the industry are not effective at smaller scales. The book series Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning as a whole provides an excellent source of information on these alternative cleaning techniques as well as methods for characterization and validation of surface contamination. Each volume has a particular topical focus, covering the key techniques and recent developments in the area. Several novel wet and dry surface cleaning methods are addressed in this Volume. Many of these methods have not been reviewed previously, or the previous reviews are dated. These methods are finding increasing commercial application and the information in this book will be of high value to the reader. Edited by the leading experts in small-scale particle surface contamination, cleaning and cleaning control these books will be an invaluable reference for researchers and engineers in R&D, manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification situated in a multitude of industries such as: aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. Provides a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination Addresses the continuing trends of shrinking device size and contamination vulnerability in a range of industries, spearheaded by the semiconductor industry and others Covers novel wet and dry surface cleaning methods of increasing commercial importance

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Methods for Surface Cleaning

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Methods for Surface Cleaning
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9780323431576
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Types of Contamination and Contamination Resources

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Types of Contamination and Contamination Resources
A Book

by Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2016-12-01
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 9780323431583
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume Ten, provides a state-of-the-art guide to the current knowledge on the behavior of film-type and particulate surface contaminants and their cleaning methods. This newest volume in the series discusses mechanisms of particle adhesion, particle behavior in liquid systems, and metallic contamination and its impact. In addition, the book includes a discussion of the types of contaminants, with resources to deal with them and information on environmental issues related to surface contamination and cleaning. Taken as a whole, the series forms a unique reference for professionals and academics working in the area of surface contamination and cleaning that also includes information on cleaning at the micro and nano scales. Written by established experts in the contamination field that provide an authoritative resource Presents a comprehensive review of new trends in contaminants and resources for dealing with those contaminants Contains detailed case studies to illustrate various scenarios

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning
Contaminant Removal and Monitoring

by Rajiv Kohli

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2012-11-05
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 143777881X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this series Rajiv Kohli and Kash Mittal have brought together the work of experts from different industry sectors and backgrounds to provide a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination. The expert contributions in this volume cover important fundamental aspects of surface contamination that are key to understanding the behavior of specific types of contaminants. This understanding is essential to develop preventative and mitigation methods for contamination control. The coverage complements the treatment of surface contamination in vol.1, Fundamental and Applied Aspects. This volume covers: Sources and Generation of Particles; Manipulation Techniques for Particles on Surfaces; Particle Deposition and Rebound; Particle Behavior in Liquid Systems; Biological and Metallic Contamination; and includes a comprehensive list of current standards and resources. Feature: Comprehensive coverage of innovations in surface contamination and cleaning Benefit: One-stop series where a wide range of readers will be sure to find a solution to their cleaning problem, saving the time involved in consulting a range of disparate sources. Feature: Written by established experts in the contamination and cleaning field Benefit: Provides an authoritative resource Feature: Each chapter is a comprehensive review of the state of the art. Benefit: Can be relied on to provide insight, clarity and real expertise on up-to-the-minute innovations. Feature: Case studies included Benefit: Case studies help the reader see theory applied to the solution of real-world practical cleaning and contamination problems.

Self-Cleaning Materials and Surfaces

Self-Cleaning Materials and Surfaces
A Nanotechnology Approach

by Walid A. Daoud

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-07-12
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1118652363
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With increasing demand for hygienic, self-disinfecting and contamination free surfaces, interest in developing self-cleaning protective materials and surfaces has grown rapidly in recent times. This new title comprises of invited chapters from renowned researchers in the area of self-cleaning nano-coatings and the result is a comprehensive review of current research on both hydrophobic and hydrophilic (photocatalytic effect) self-cleaning materials.

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Vol 6

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Vol 6
Methods of Cleaning and Cleanliness Verification

by Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2013-05-27
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1437778801
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this series Rajiv Kohli and Kash Mittal have brought together the work of experts from different industry sectors and backgrounds to provide a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination. The expert contributions in this volume cover important fundamental aspects of surface contamination that are key to understanding the behavior of specific types of contaminants. This understanding is essential to develop preventative and mitigation methods for contamination control. The coverage complements the treatment of surface contamination in vol.1, Fundamental and Applied Aspects. This volume covers: Sources and Generation of Particles; Manipulation Techniques for Particles on Surfaces; Particle Deposition and Rebound; Particle Behavior in Liquid Systems; Biological and Metallic Contamination; and includes a comprehensive list of current standards and resources. Comprehensive coverage of innovations in surface contamination and cleaning Written by established experts in the contamination and cleaning field Each chapter is a comprehensive review of the state of the art Case studies included

Surface Contamination

Surface Contamination
Genesis, Detection, and Control

by K. L. Mittal

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 9781468435078
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Decontamination in Hospitals and Healthcare

Decontamination in Hospitals and Healthcare
A Book

by Jimmy Walker

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2014-02-13
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 0857096699
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Decontamination in Hospitals and Healthcare brings an understanding of decontamination practices and the development of technologies for cleaning and control of infection to a wide audience interested in public health, including healthcare specialists, scientists, students or patients. Part one highlights the importance and history of decontamination in hospitals and healthcare before exploring the role of standards in decontamination, infection control in Europe, and future trends in the area. Part two focuses on decontamination practices in hospitals and healthcare. It considers the role of the nurse in decontamination, the issues of microbial biofilm in waterlines, control of waterborne microorganisms, and the use of gaseous decontamination technologies. Further chapters explore decontamination of prions, the use of protective clothing, no-touch automated room disinfection systems, and controlling the presence of microorganisms in hospitals. Part three discusses practices for decontamination and sterilization of surgical instruments and endoscopes. These chapters examine a range of guidance documents, including the choice framework for local policy and procedures for decontamination of surgical instruments, as well as novel technologies for cleaning and detection of contamination. Decontamination in Hospitals and Healthcare provides a reference source on decontamination for public health professionals and students concerned with healthcare. It is particularly useful for scientists in microbiology and disinfection/decontamination laboratories, healthcare workers who use disinfectants, students in microbiology, clinicians, members of the Institute of Decontamination Sciences/Central Sterilising Club, and those employed in the Central Sterile Services departments of healthcare facilities. Discusses decontamination processes in Europe Provides an in-depth understanding into decontamination in healthcare settings, specifically hospitals and dental practices Examines the decontamination of surgical equipment and endoscopes

Cleaning Pakistan’s Air

Cleaning Pakistan’s Air
Policy Options to Address the Cost of Outdoor Air Pollution

by Ernesto Sánchez-Triana,Santiago Enriquez,Javaid Afzal,Akiko Nakagawa,Asif Shuja Khan

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2014-06-26
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 146480236X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The extent of urban air pollution in Pakistan—South Asia's most urbanized country—is among the world’s most severe, significantly damaging human health, quality of life, and the economy and environment of Pakistan. The harm from Pakistan's urban air pollution is among the highest in South Asia, exceeding several high-profile causes of mortality and morbidity in Pakistan. Improved air quality management (AQM) in Pakistan can have notable economic and health benefits. For example, the estimated health benefits per dollar spent on cleaner diesel are approximately US $1–1.5 for light-duty diesel vehicles and US $1.5–2.4 for large buses and trucks. This report advocates that Pakistan allocate resources to AQM, because its air quality is severely affecting millions of Pakistanis, and because experiences around the world indicate that interventions can significantly improve air quality. This report details a broad spectrum of research on Pakistan’s AQM challenges, and identifies a comprehensive set of steps to improve air quality. The research presented here underpins the conclusions that addressing Pakistan's urban air pollution requires coordinated interventions to strengthen AQM, build agencies' institutional capacity, bolster AQM's legal and regulatory framework, implement policy reforms and investments, and fill knowledge gaps. However, Pakistan's policy makers face major obstacles, including limited financial, human, and technical resources, and can pursue only a few AQM interventions at the same time. In the short term, Pakistan's AQM should give highest priority to reducing pollutants linked to high morbidity and mortality: PM2.5 (and precursors like SOx and NOx) from mobile sources. A second-level short-term priority could be PM2.5, SOx, and emissions of toxic metals from stationary sources. An important medium-term priority should be mass transportation in major cities, controlling traffic, and restricting private cars during high-pollution episodes. A long-term priority could be taxing hydrocarbons, based on their contribution to greenhouse gases.

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Fundamentals and Applied Aspects

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Fundamentals and Applied Aspects
A Book

by Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-01-10
  • Pages : 1200
  • ISBN : 0815516851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surface contamination is of cardinal importance in a host of technologies and industries, ranging from microelectronics to optics to automotive to biomedical. Thus, the need to understand the causes of surface contamination and their removal is very patent. Generally speaking, there are two broad categories of surface contaminants: film-type and particulates. In the world of shrinking dimensions, such as the ever-decreasing size of microelectronic devices, there is an intensified need to understand the behavior of nanoscale particles and to devise ways to remove them to an acceptable level. Particles which were functionally innocuous a few years ago are ôkiller defectsö today, with serious implications for yield and reliability of the components. This book addresses the sources, detection, characterization and removal of both kinds of contaminants, as well as ways to prevent surfaces from being contaminated. A number of techniques to monitor the level of cleanliness are also discussed. Special emphasis is placed on the behaviour of nanoscale particles. The book is amply referenced and profusely illustrated. • Excellent reference for a host of technologies and industries ranging from microelectronics to optics to automotive to biomedical. • A single source document addressing everything from the sources of contamination to their removal and prevention. • Amply referenced and profusely illustrated.

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 8

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 8
Cleaning Techniques

by Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2015-06-03
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 0323312713
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

As device sizes in the semiconductor industries shrink, devices become more vulnerable to smaller contaminant particles, and most conventional cleaning techniques employed in the industry are not effective at smaller scales. The book series Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning as a whole provides an excellent source of information on these alternative cleaning techniques as well as methods for characterization and validation of surface contamination. Each volume has a particular topical focus, covering the key techniques and recent developments in the area. Several novel wet and dry surface cleaning methods are addressed in this Volume. Many of these methods have not been reviewed previously, or the previous reviews are dated. These methods are finding increasing commercial application and the information in this book will be of high value to the reader. Edited by the leading experts in small-scale particle surface contamination, cleaning and cleaning control these books will be an invaluable reference for researchers and engineers in R&D, manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification situated in a multitude of industries such as: aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. Provides a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination Addresses the continuing trends of shrinking device size and contamination vulnerability in a range of industries, spearheaded by the semiconductor industry and others Covers novel wet and dry surface cleaning methods of increasing commercial importance

Contaminants in the Subsurface

Contaminants in the Subsurface
Source Zone Assessment and Remediation

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Source Removal of Contaminants in the Subsurface

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2005-04-23
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 030909447X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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At hundreds of thousands of commercial, industrial, and military sites across the country, subsurface materials including groundwater are contaminated with chemical waste. The last decade has seen growing interest in using aggressive source remediation technologies to remove contaminants from the subsurface, but there is limited understanding of (1) the effectiveness of these technologies and (2) the overall effect of mass removal on groundwater quality. This report reviews the suite of technologies available for source remediation and their ability to reach a variety of cleanup goals, from meeting regulatory standards for groundwater to reducing costs. The report proposes elements of a protocol for accomplishing source remediation that should enable project managers to decide whether and how to pursue source remediation at their sites.

Handbook for Critical Cleaning, Second Edition - 2 Volume Set

Handbook for Critical Cleaning, Second Edition - 2 Volume Set
A Book

by Barbara Kanegsberg,Edward Kanegsberg

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-01-02
  • Pages : 1136
  • ISBN : 1466515945
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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NOTE: This set consists of two volumes: Cleaning Agents and Systems and Applications, Processes, and Controls. Updated, expanded, re-organized, and rewritten, this two-volume handbook covers cleaning processes, applications, management, safety, and environmental concerns. The editors rigorously examine technical issues, cleaning agent options and systems, chemical and equipment integration, and contamination control, as well as cleanliness standards, analytical testing, process selection, implementation and maintenance, specific application areas, and regulatory issues. A collection of international contributors gives the text a global viewpoint. Color illustrations, video clips, and animation are available online to help readers better understand presented material.