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Digital Information Culture

Digital Information Culture
The Individual and Society in the Digital Age

by Luke Tredinnick

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-03-31
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 1780631677
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Digital Information Culture is an introduction to the cultural, social and political impact of digital information and digital resources. The book is organised around themes, rather than theories and is arranged into three sections: culture, society and the individual. Each explores key elements of the social, cultural and political impact of digital information. The culture section outlines the origins of cyber culture in fifties pulp-fiction through to the modern day. It explores the issues of information overload, the threat of a digital dark age, and the criminal underbelly of digital culture. Section two, society, explores the economic and social impact of digital information, outlining key theories of the Information Age. Section three explores the impact of digital information and digital resources on the individual, exploring the changing nature of identity in a digital world. Written by a leading author in the field Focuses on digital information and its social, cultural and political impact is unique The wider theoretical framework, relying less of sociology, more on cultural theory

Information Cultures in the Digital Age

Information Cultures in the Digital Age
A Festschrift in Honor of Rafael Capurro

by Matthew Kelly,Jared Bielby

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-08-08
  • Pages : 479
  • ISBN : 3658146818
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For several decades Rafael Capurro has been at the forefront of defining the relationship between information and modernity through both phenomenological and ethical formulations. In exploring both of these themes Capurro has re-vivified the transcultural and intercultural expressions of how we bring an understanding of information to bear on scientific knowledge production and intermediation. Capurro has long stressed the need to look deeply into how we contextualize the information problems that scientific society creates for us and to re-incorporate a pragmatic dimension into our response that provides a balance to the cognitive turn in information science. With contributions from 35 scholars from 15 countries, Information Cultures in the Digital Age focuses on the culture and philosophy of information, information ethics, the relationship of information to message, the historic and semiotic understanding of information, the relationship of information to power and the future of information education. This Festschrift seeks to celebrate Rafael Capurro’s important contribution to a global dialogue on how information conceptualisation, use and technology impact human culture and the ethical questions that arise from this dynamic relationship.

Making Digital Cultures

Making Digital Cultures
Access, Interactivity, and Authenticity

by Martin Hand

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-05-13
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 1317102495
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Many people in the West or global North now live in a culture of 24/7 instant messaging, iPods and MP3s, streamed content, blogs, ubiquitous digital images and Facebook. But they are also surrounded by even more paper, books, telephone calls and material objects of one kind or another. The juxtaposition and proliferation of older and newer technologies is striking. Making Digital Cultures brings together recent theorizing of the 'digital age' with empirical studies of how institutions embrace these technologies in relation to older established technological objects, processes and practices. It asks how relations between 'analogue' and 'digital' are conceptualized and configured both in theory and inside the public library, the business organization and the archive. With its direct engagement with new media theory, science and technology studies, and cultural sociology, this volume will be of interest to scholars and students in the areas of media and communication and science and technology studies.

Digital Culture

Digital Culture
A Book

by Charlie Gere

  • Publisher : Reaktion Books
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 9781861891433
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the last twenty years, digital technology has begun to touch on almost every aspect of our lives. Nowadays most forms of mass media, television, recorded music and film are produced and even distributed digitally; and these media are beginning to converge with digital forms, such as the internet, the World Wide Web, and video games, to produce a seamless digital mediascape. At work we are surrounded by technology, whether in offices or in supermarkets and factories, where almost every aspect of planning, design, marketing, production and distribution is monitored or controlled digitally. In Digital Culture Charlie Gere articulates the degree to which our everyday lives are becoming dominated by digital technology, whether in terms of leisure, work or bureaucracy. This dominance is reflected in other areas, including the worlds of finance, technology, scientific research, media and telecommunications. Out of this situation a particular set of cultural responses has emerged, for example, in art, music, design, film, literature and elsewhere. This book offers a new perspective on digital culture by examining its development, and reveals that, despite appearances, it is neither radically new, nor ultimately technologically driven. The author traces its roots to the late 18th century, and shows how it sprang from a number of impulses, including the information needs of industrial capitalism and contemporary warfare, avant-garde artistic practice, counter-cultural experimentation, radical philosophy and sub-cultural style. It is these conditions that produced both digital technology and digital culture, and which have determined how they develop.

Digital Information Contexts

Digital Information Contexts
Theoretical Approaches to Understanding Digital Information

by Luke Tredinnick

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2006-09-30
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 1780631731
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an introduction to critical and theoretical perspectives on digital information. It outlines the origins of information management in nineteenth-century humanism, the adoption of scientific perspectives in the documentation and information science movements, and modern theoretical frameworks for understanding the social, cultural and political place of digital information. Digital Information Contexts is the first book aimed at information professionals to give a detailed outline of important perspectives on information and meaning, including post-structuralism and post-modernism. It explores parallels between information management and media, communication and cultural studies. Each chapter includes recommended further reading to guide the reader to further information. It is a comprehensive introduction to theoretical frameworks for understanding and studying digital information. General theoretical introduction to digital information management Explores the application of critical theory, communications and media theory to understanding digital information Historical and critical perspective

Enterprise Content Management, Records Management and Information Culture Amidst E-Government Development

Enterprise Content Management, Records Management and Information Culture Amidst E-Government Development
A Book

by Proscovia Svärd

  • Publisher : Chandos Publishing
  • Release : 2017-04-13
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 0081009003
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book identifies key factors necessary for a well-functioning information infrastructure and explores how information culture impacts the management of public information, stressing the need for a proactive and holistic information management approach amidst e-Government development. In an effort to deal with an organization's scattered information resources, Enterprise Content Management, Records Management and Information Culture Amidst E-Government Development investigates the key differences between Enterprise Content Management (ECM) and Records Management (RM), the impact of e-Government development on information management and the role of information in enhancing accountability and transparency of government institutions. The book hence identifies factors that contribute to a well-functioning information infrastructure and further explores how information culture impacts the management of public information. It highlights the Records Continuum Model (RCM) thinking as a more progressive way of managing digital information in an era of pluralization of government information. It also emphasizes the need for information/records management skills amidst e-Government development. Ideas about records, information, and content management have fundamentally changed and developed because of increasing digitalization. Though not fully harmonized, these new ideas commonly stress and underpin the need for a proactive and holistic information management approach. The proactive approach entails planning for the management of the entire information continuum before the information is created. For private enterprises and government institutions endeavoring to meet new information demands from customers, citizens and the society at large, such an approach is a prerequisite for accomplishing their missions. It could be argued that information is and has always been essential to all human activities and we are witnessing a transformation of the information landscape. Presents research with broad application based on archives and information science, but relevant for information systems, records management, information culture, and e-government Examines the differences between Enterprise Content Management and Records Management Bridges a gap between the proponents of Enterprise Content Management and information professionals, such as records managers and archivists

Understanding Digital Culture

Understanding Digital Culture
A Book

by Vincent Miller

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2012-08-15
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9781446246481
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This is an outstanding book. It is one of only a few scholarly texts that successfully combine a nuanced theoretical understanding of the digital age with empirical case studies of contemporary media culture. The scope is impressive, ranging from questions of digital inequality to emergent forms of cyberpolitics." - Nick Gane, York University "Well written, very up-to-date with a good balance of examples and theory. It′s good to have all the major issues covered in one book." - Peter Millard, Portsmouth University "This is just the text I was looking for to enable first year undergraduates to develop their critical understanding of the technologies they have embedded so completely in their lives." - Chris Simpson, University College of St Mark & St John This is more than just another book on Internet studies. Tracing the pervasive influence of ′digital culture′ throughout contemporary life, this text integrates socio-economic understandings of the ′information society′ with the cultural studies approach to production, use, and consumption of digital media and multimedia. Refreshingly readable and packed with examples from profiling databases and mashups to cybersex and the truth about social networking, Understanding Digital Culture: Crosses disciplines to give a balanced account of the social, economic and cultural dimensions of the information society. Illuminates the increasing importance of mobile, wireless and converged media technologies in everyday life. Unpacks how the information society is transforming and challenging traditional notions of crime, resistance, war and protest, community, intimacy and belonging. Charts the changing cultural forms associated with new media and its consumption, including music, gaming, microblogging and online identity. Illustrates the above through a series of contemporary, in-depth case studies of digital culture. This is the perfect text for students looking for a full account of the information society, virtual cultures, sociology of the Internet and new media.

Information Services and Digital Literacy

Information Services and Digital Literacy
In Search of the Boundaries of Knowing

by Isto Huvila

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-10-04
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1780633491
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Despite new technologies, people do not always find information with ease. Do people still need help in finding the information they need, and if so, why? What can be made easier with new tools and techniques? Information Services and Digital Literacy is about the role of information services and digital literacies in the age of the social web. This title provides an alternative perspective for understanding information services and digital literacy, and argues that a central problem in the age of the social web and the culture of participation is that we do not know the premises of how we know, and how ways of interacting with information affect our actions and their outcomes. Information seeking is always a question of crossing and expanding boundaries between our earlier experiences and the unknown. We may not yet be well enough acquainted with the landscape of digital information to understand how we know, where the boundaries to our knowledge lie, how to cross them, and what consequences our actions may have. Presents a new approach for understanding how information services help and hinder people in becoming informed Provides an overview of how to conceptualize information services and digital literacy Provides a model for developing new types of library and information service

Digital Culture and E-Tourism: Technologies, Applications and Management Approaches

Digital Culture and E-Tourism: Technologies, Applications and Management Approaches
Technologies, Applications and Management Approaches

by Lytras, Miltiadis,Ord¢¤ez de Pablos, Patricia,Damiani, Ernesto,Diaz, Lily

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2010-11-30
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 1615208682
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This edition fosters multidisciplinary discussion and research on the adoption of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the contexts of culture and tourism, investigating how emerging technologies and new managerial models and strategies can promote sustainable development for culture and tourism"--Provided by publisher.

Cultural Evolution in the Digital Age

Cultural Evolution in the Digital Age
A Book

by Alberto Acerbi

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2019-12-03
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0198835949
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From emails to social media, from instant messaging to political memes, the way we produce and transmit culture is radically changing. Understanding the consequences of the massive diffusion of digital media is of the utmost importance, both from the intellectual and the social point of view. 'Cultural Evolution in the Digital Age' proposes that a specific discipline - cultural evolution - provides an excellent framework to analyse our digital age. Cultural evolution is a vibrant, interdisciplinary, and increasingly productive scientific framework that aims to provide a naturalistic and quantitative explanation of culture. In the book the author shows how cultural evolution offers both a sophisticated view of human behaviour, grounded in cognitive science and evolutionary theory, and a strong quantitative and experimental methodology. The book examines in depth various topics that directly originate from the application of cultural evolution research to digital media. Is online social influence radically different from previous forms of social influence? Do digital media amplify the effects of popularity and celebrity influence? What are the psychological forces that favour the spread of online misinformation? What are the effects of the hyper-availability of information online on cultural cumulation? The cultural evolutionary perspective provides novel insights, and a relatively encouraging take on the overall effects of our online activities on our culture. Cultural Evolution is an area of rapidly growing interest, and this timely book will be important reading for students and researchers in the fields of psychology, anthropology, cognitive science, and the media.

Education on Digital Cultural and Social Media

Education on Digital Cultural and Social Media
A Book

by Dr. S. Saileela and Dr. S. Kalaivani

  • Publisher : Lulu.com
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 0359895069
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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World without history? Digital information is volatile: with it our culture can disappear but its preservation can save us

World without history? Digital information is volatile: with it our culture can disappear but its preservation can save us
A Book

by Stefano Cariolato

  • Publisher : Youcanprint
  • Release : 2019-07-03
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 8831627074
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the mid-twentieth century the digital revolution began with the introduction of the first electronic computers, which were first introduced into companies and in the state bodies then they spread strongly in the private houses as personal computers; later all these computers were connected to each other by a global telecommunication network called Internet, which had a massive development at the end of the century becoming the backbone of the worldwide information circulation. At the beginning of the 21st century the digital revolution was completed and the information of any kind (texts, images, video clips and TV broadcasts, music and songs, WEB pages) started to be recorded and disseminated in digital form rather than with a traditional media (paper, film, magnetic tape), with a displacement that engaged all human activities of any type, both collective and individual. While the development of digital technology continue at an accelerated pace the problem of information retention begin to arise, what was previously mainly entrusted to printing on paper and now is in abandonment phase: printed records are increasingly transformed into digital format and the new information is generated directly in electronic form. But while a book or a letter could be read directly even centuries after their writing, digital information has a short life because of the same technological development, that makes quickly obsolete any recording by irreversibly mutating both its hardware and reading software; other recordings arethen volatile by their very nature, such as e-mails or WEB pages, even if they could host information that could be of value in the future. Moreover digital recordings are carried out in a great variety of different formats, sometimes incompatible with each other or subject themselves to obsolescence, thus unnecessarily complicating the task of preserving their content. Most part of human culture, gradually poured into electronic form, is now jeopardized, and we risk of delivering to posterity a world without history: this book describes the current situation and what is sought to do to remedy the danger.

Digital Food Cultures

Digital Food Cultures
A Book

by Deborah Lupton,Zeena Feldman

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-02-25
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 0429688059
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the interrelations between food, technology and knowledge-sharing practices in producing digital food cultures. Digital Food Cultures adopts an innovative approach to examine representations and practices related to food across a variety of digital media: blogs and vlogs (video blogs), Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, technology developers’ promotional media, online discussion forums and self-tracking apps and devices. The book emphasises the diversity of food cultures available on the internet and other digital media, from those celebrating unrestrained indulgence in food to those advocating very specialised diets requiring intense commitment and focus. While most of the digital media and devices discussed in the book are available and used by people across the world, the authors offer valuable insights into how these global technologies are incorporated into everyday lives in very specific geographical contexts. This book offers a novel contribution to the rapidly emerging area of digital food studies and provides a framework for understanding contemporary practices related to food production and consumption internationally.

Digital Culture

Digital Culture
Maximising the Nation's Investment : a Synthesis of JISC/NPO Studies on the Preservation of Electronic Materials

by National Preservation Office

  • Publisher : London : National Preservation Office, The British Library
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 85
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A synthesis of JISC/NPO studies on the preservation of electronic materials.

Digital Culture

Digital Culture
Understanding New Media

by Glen Creeber

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
  • Release : 2008-12-01
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN : 0335237541
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Everything you need to know about new media in one accessible, easy to navigate volume! From Facebookto the iPhone, from YouTubeto Wikipedia, from Grand Theft Autoto Second Life- this book explores new media's most important issues and debates in an accessible and engaging text for newcomers to the field. With technological change continuing to unfold at an incredible rate, Digital Culturesrounds-up major events in the media's recent past to help develop a clear understanding of the theoretical and practical debates that surround this emerging discipline. It addresses issues such as: What is new media? How is new media changing our lives? Is new media having a positive or negative effect on culture and human communication? Each chapter contains case studies which provide an interesting and lively balance between the well-trodden and the newly emerging themes in the field. Topics covered include digital television, digital cinema, gaming, digital democracy, mobile phones, the World Wide Web, digital news, online social networking, music and multimedia, virtual communities and the digital divide. Digital Culturesis an essential introductory guide for all media and communication studies students, as well as those with a general interest in new media and its impact on the world around us.

The Digital Condition

The Digital Condition
Class and Culture in the Information Network

by Robert Wilkie,Robert A. Wilkie

  • Publisher : Fordham Univ Press
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN : 0823234223
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Each generation of scholars produces a book that remaps the state of knowledge. Rob Wilkie's The Digital Condition: Class and Culture in the Information Network is the book of a new generation of cultural theorists who grew up under digital conditions and now is redrawing the boundaries of digital cultural analysis. In a wide ranging study of cultural texts and situations--from William Gibson's novels and the iPad, to the writings of Antonio Negri, Jacques Derrida, Manuel Castells, Donna Haraway, and Bruno Latour--Wilkie argues that machines are not technological, but social. They are the extension of social relations which means that the "digital condition" is ultimately the class condition.

Digital Keywords

Digital Keywords
A Vocabulary of Information Society and Culture

by Benjamin Peters

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2016-06-07
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1400880556
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How the digital revolution has shaped our language In the age of search, keywords increasingly organize research, teaching, and even thought itself. Inspired by Raymond Williams's 1976 classic Keywords, the timely collection Digital Keywords gathers pointed, provocative short essays on more than two dozen keywords by leading and rising digital media scholars from the areas of anthropology, digital humanities, history, political science, philosophy, religious studies, rhetoric, science and technology studies, and sociology. Digital Keywords examines and critiques the rich lexicon animating the emerging field of digital studies. This collection broadens our understanding of how we talk about the modern world, particularly of the vocabulary at work in information technologies. Contributors scrutinize each keyword independently: for example, the recent pairing of digital and analog is separated, while classic terms such as community, culture, event, memory, and democracy are treated in light of their historical and intellectual importance. Metaphors of the cloud in cloud computing and the mirror in data mirroring combine with recent and radical uses of terms such as information, sharing, gaming, algorithm, and internet to reveal previously hidden insights into contemporary life. Bookended by a critical introduction and a list of over two hundred other digital keywords, these essays provide concise, compelling arguments about our current mediated condition. Digital Keywords delves into what language does in today's information revolution and why it matters.

Digital Heritage And Culture: Strategy And Implementation

Digital Heritage And Culture: Strategy And Implementation
A Book

by Wu Steven Wan Pok,Din Herminia Wei-hsin

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2014-10-17
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN : 9814522996
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses the state-of-the-art initiatives as well as challenges, policy, and strategy issues in developing a digital heritage ecosystem within the broader context of an emerging digital culture. Case studies are drawn from the United States, Europe, and Asia to showcase the breadth of innovative ideas in delivering, communicating, interpreting, and transforming cultural heritage content and experience through multi-modal, multimedia interfaces. Aiming to offer a balanced overview of digital heritage and culture issues and technologies, the book pulls together expert views and updates on these four broad areas, namely, a) policy and strategy, b) applications, c) business models, and d) emerging concepts and directions. Policy and strategy chapters provide insights into how digital heritage strategy and policy are formulated and implemented in cultural heritage institutions and public agencies.Applications chapters present novel installed and mobile applications deploying technical tools in innovative assemblies and evaluate their usefulness, effectiveness along with other metrics in delivering an enriched user experience.Business model chapters unveil a variety of partnership models that have been successfully structured for the benefit of stakeholders.Emerging concepts and directions chapters propose research directions pointing to new signposts in technologically enhanced delivery of digital heritage and culture. This practical book will be of interest to policy makers, business people, researchers, curators, and educators as well as the culture-minded public seeking to understand how the burgeoning field of digital heritage and culture may impact our social, cultural, and recreational activities. Contents:Strategy and Policy:IT-enabled Innovative Services as a Museum Strategy: Experience of the National Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan (James Quo-Ping Lin)Designing Digital Heritage Competence Centers: A Swedish Model (Halina Gottlieb)7 Lessons Learned for Digital Culture (Christine Kuan)Applications and Services:Reinventing MoMA's Education Programs for the 21st Century Visitor (Jackie Armstrong, Deborah Howes, and Wendy Woon)Onemillionmuseummoments: A Cultural Intertwingling (Suzanne Akhavan Sarraf)Documentary Storytelling Using Immersive and Interactive Media (Michael Mouw)The Making of Buddha Tooth Relic Temple and Museum Virtual Temple (June Sung Sew and Eric Deleglise)Digital Media in Museums: A Personal History (Selma Thomas)Using New Media for Exhibit Interpretation: A Case Study, Yuan Ming Yuan Qing Emperors' Splendid Gardens (Herminia Din, Darrell L Bailey and Fang-Yin Lin)Business and Partnership Models:The Virtual Collection of Asian Masterpieces: A Universal Online Museum (Manus Brinkman)A Tale on a Leaf: Promoting Indonesian Literature and Culture Through the Development of the Lontar Digital Library (Ruly Darmawan and Djembar Lembasono)The Future of History is Mobile: Experiencing Heritage on Personal Devices (Christopher Jones)Technology and Other Issues:A Cultural Heritage Panorama: Trajectories in Embodied Museography (Sarah Kenderdine and Jeffrey Shaw)From Product to Process: New Directions in Digital Heritage (Eugene Ch'ng, Henry Chapman and Vince Gaffney)I Sho U: An Innovative Method for Museum Visitor Evaluation (Anita Kocsis and Sarah Kenderdine)Digital Cultural Heritage is Getting Crowded: Crowdsourced, Crowd-funded, and Crowd-engaged (Leonard Steinbach) Readership: Policy makers, business people, researchers, curators, and educators as well as the culture-minded public seeking to understand how the burgeoning field of digital heritage and culture may impact our social, cultural, and recreational activities. Keywords:Digitalization;Digital Heritage;Figital Culture;Museology;Museum;Virtual Collection;Mobile;Outreach;PolicyKey Features:Most journals and books on digital heritage are focused on technology solutions and project case studies. They do not tackle policy, strategy and business issues. This book includes discussion from senior managers at leading museums and institutions explaining their respective organisation's policy and strategy. In addition to projects already implemented, some chapters give insights into emerging concepts and useful lessons from past experienceThis eclectic volume includes contributions from Asia, Europe, and the United States. Contributions from museums, universities, and companies provide a global lens on digital heritage and culture in practice and researchIt is aimed at students and non-specialists while also containing materials for professionals. The affordable price of the book is believed to be attractive to students and non-specialist adults, and also within the price band of competing titles

The Photographic Image in Digital Culture

The Photographic Image in Digital Culture
A Book

by Martin Lister

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-11-05
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 113616264X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What does a new technology of images mean for the ways in which we encounter and use images in everyday life: in advertising, entertainment, news, evidence? And within our domestic and private worlds for our sense of self and indentity; our view of the body and our sexuality? The Photographic Image in Digital Culture explores the technological transformation of the image and its implications for photography. Contributors investigate such issues as the relationship of technological change to visual culture; the new discourses of `techno-culture'; medicine's new vision of the body, and interactive pornography. They also examine the cultural meanings of new surveillance images; shifts in the domestic consumption of images and their relationship to memory, history and biography; the social uses of video and computer games and the changing role of photography as document and as art.

Memes in Digital Culture

Memes in Digital Culture
A Book

by Limor Shifman

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 0262525437
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Taking “Gangnam Style” seriously: what Internet memes can tell us about digital culture. In December 2012, the exuberant video “Gangnam Style” became the first YouTube clip to be viewed more than one billion times. Thousands of its viewers responded by creating and posting their own variations of the video—“Mitt Romney Style,” “NASA Johnson Style,” “Egyptian Style,” and many others. “Gangnam Style” (and its attendant parodies, imitations, and derivations) is one of the most famous examples of an Internet meme: a piece of digital content that spreads quickly around the web in various iterations and becomes a shared cultural experience. In this book, Limor Shifman investigates Internet memes and what they tell us about digital culture. Shifman discusses a series of well-known Internet memes—including “Leave Britney Alone,” the pepper-spraying cop, LOLCats, Scumbag Steve, and Occupy Wall Street's “We Are the 99 Percent.” She offers a novel definition of Internet memes: digital content units with common characteristics, created with awareness of each other, and circulated, imitated, and transformed via the Internet by many users. She differentiates memes from virals; analyzes what makes memes and virals successful; describes popular meme genres; discusses memes as new modes of political participation in democratic and nondemocratic regimes; and examines memes as agents of globalization. Memes, Shifman argues, encapsulate some of the most fundamental aspects of the Internet in general and of the participatory Web 2.0 culture in particular. Internet memes may be entertaining, but in this book Limor Shifman makes a compelling argument for taking them seriously.