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Handbook of Disaster Policies and Institutions

Handbook of Disaster Policies and Institutions
Improving Emergency Management and Climate Change Adaptation

by John Handmer,Stephen Dovers

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1849713502
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disasters both natural and human-induced are leading to spiralling costs in terms of human lives, lost livelihoods and damaged assets and businesses. Yet these consequences and the financial and human crises that follow catastrophes can often be traced to policies unsuited to the emerging scales of the problems they confront, and the lack of institutional capacity to implement planning and prevention or to manage disasters. This book seeks to overcome this mismatch and to guide development of a more strategic policy and institutional framework. This updated and revised second edition includes new coverage of climate change adaptation, which has rapidly become central to disaster and emergency planning and management. This is an essential handbook for practitioners across the world seeking to improve the quality, robustness and capacity of their disaster management mechanisms.

Disaster Prevention Policies

Disaster Prevention Policies
A Challenging and Critical Outlook

by Patrick Pigeon,Julien Rebotier

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-11-08
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 008101791X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses disaster risk reduction (DRR) policies, focusing on reducing the paradox that exists between the compulsory implementation of DRR policies and continuing limitations The authors use their knowledge of the ever-evolving threats associated with disasters and their prevention to investigate this famous paradox and propose solutions that will help readers understand and reconsider its existence. The authors also discuss conditionings behind this paradox, helping readers understand the existing solutions, also suggesting how to reduce the limitations of DRR policies. Offers a fresh perspective on the assessments currently available on disaster and DRR policies Provides insight based on examples of DRR policies taken from Latin American, Asian, and European cases Focuses on reducing the paradox that exists between the compulsory implementation of DRR policies and continuing limitations

Tokyo

Tokyo
Policies and Programs : Disaster Prevention and Public Protection

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 24
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Boosting Disaster Prevention through Innovative Risk Governance Insights from Austria, France and Switzerland

OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Boosting Disaster Prevention through Innovative Risk Governance Insights from Austria, France and Switzerland
Insights from Austria, France and Switzerland

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2017-12-19
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 9264281371
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 2014, the OECD took stock of OECD countries' achievements in building resilience to major natural and man-made disasters. Based on its findings, a cross-country comparative study was undertaken in Austria, France and Switzerland; this report presents the findings from individual and comparative

Natural Disaster Management in the Asia-Pacific

Natural Disaster Management in the Asia-Pacific
Policy and Governance

by Caroline Brassard,David W. Giles,Arnold M. Howitt

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-11-18
  • Pages : 203
  • ISBN : 4431551573
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Asia-Pacific region is one of the most vulnerable to a variety of natural and manmade hazards. This edited book productively brings together scholars and senior public officials having direct experience in dealing with or researching on recent major natural disasters in the Asia-Pacific. The chapters focus on disaster preparedness and management, including pre-event planning and mitigation, crisis leadership and emergency response, and disaster recovery. Specific events discussed in this book include a broad spectrum of disasters such as tropical storms and typhoons in the Philippines; earthquakes in China; tsunamis in Indonesia, Japan, and Maldives; and bushfires in Australia. The book aims to generate discussions about improved risk reduction strategies throughout the region. It seeks to provide a comparative perspective across countries to draw lessons from three perspectives: public policy, humanitarian systems, and community engagement.

Disaster Risk Management in the Republic of Korea

Disaster Risk Management in the Republic of Korea
A Book

by Yong-kyun Kim,Hong-Gyoo Sohn

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-07-10
  • Pages : 217
  • ISBN : 9811047898
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book scrutinizes the entire disaster trajectory history in the Republic of Korea: evolution, cross-over, and interconnection among natural, technological, and social disasters. Also examined is the government’s dynamic reaction for effective disaster responses in the wake of major disasters, labelled as focusing events, distributed in the long tail of the power law function. Collating one nation’s entire disaster history, its disaster management policies, and its responses to major disasters is a unique journey into that nation’s evolution. Korea rose from devastation in the 1950s to become one of the most economically and politically dynamic nations by the turn of the century. However, with rapid growth has come all types of disasters. Looking at the lessons learned from Korea’s disaster risk management measures, policies, and responses, as well as some of the world’s major disasters, we can gain insight into the future of disaster risk management.This book is intended to lay out developing nations’ potential future disaster risk management path, a theoretical policymaking guide, and desirable institutional and organizational transformations. Effective countermeasures included in this book will guide policymakers, capacity builders, and academics in developing nations to avoid the disaster path in the near future at the cost of rapid economic growth that Korea faced.

Towards Disaster Risk Reduction

Towards Disaster Risk Reduction
A Policy-Focused Approach to Natural Hazards and Disasters

by Jason K. Levy,Chennat Gopalakrishnan

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-10-29
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN : 1317850092
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes a landmark attempt to address, comprehensively and in-depth, a policy-focused approach to the many timely and important issues associated with building a culture of disaster prevention and disaster risk reduction. This book not only provides key insights into the field of natural hazard and disaster studies but also assesses the causes, perspectives, and consequences of natural disasters, as well as providing a global survey of post-recovery policies. The contributions found herein discuss disaster risk reduction strategies and policies for managing the unexpected and cascading impacts of natural disasters. A particular focus is placed on transboundary catastrophes that cross policy domains, geographic, political, and sectoral boundaries. Since the disaster management and natural resources policy research field draws on a diverse range of paradigms and influences, the book includes case histories, empirical studies, conceptual-theoretical investigations, policy perspectives, institutional analysis, and risk analyses. The role of human culture, disaster psychology and environmental monitoring are examined in depth. Deficiencies and inequalities in local, national, and global disaster response are also discussed. Original strategies for reducing disaster risk are put forward and the prospects for a major change in the direction of global policy on disasters. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research.

Natural Hazards and Disaster Management

Natural Hazards and Disaster Management
Vulnerability and Mitigation

by R. B. Singh

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Disaster management is a multidisciplinary area, covering a wide range of issues such as monitoring, forecasting, evacuation, search and rescue, relief, reconstruction and rehabilitation. It also requires multi-sectoral governance as scientists, planners, volunteers and communities all have important roles to play. These roles and activities span the pre-, during and post-disaster phases. Besides, shift of emphasis from disaster response to risk reduction has opened up areas of exploratory research in the subject. Vulnerability refers to the susceptibility of a community to a hazard. Vulnerability analysis seeks to predict disasters by ensuring timely preparedness on the part of people and institutions and concerned government agencies. The emerging arena of disaster mitigation is also becoming an integral aspect of development planning, policy formulation and implementation. This is where this book comes in. It contains 22 chapters in the form of conceptual and empirical case studies from India and other developed countries. The blend of theory, research and policy makes this book eminently worthwhile for anyone interested in disaster vulnerability and mitigation together with monitoring and forecasting and policy perspectives. It would be useful for students, researchers and teachers of geography, environmental studies, disaster management, civil engineering and policy science."

Disaster Law and Policy

Disaster Law and Policy
A Book

by Daniel A. Farber,Lisa Grow Sun,Robert R. M. Verchick

  • Publisher : Aspen Publishers
  • Release : 2015-08-31
  • Pages : 465
  • ISBN : 9781454869252
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disaster Law and Policy examines the growing field concerned with disaster prevention, emergency response, compensation and& insurance, human rights, and community recovery. The first book on disaster law to appear in the wake of Katrina, this fascinating text provides the key building blocks for a thoughtful analysis of the issues that surround disaster-relief policy and procedure. Exploring the legal issues that surround Katrina and other natural disasters in the U.S. and around the world, Disaster Law and Policy, features: effective tools for legal analysis of issues emerging from disastrous events discussion problems and class exercises an interdisciplinary approach that combines law, public policy, economics, and science broad coverageand—from environmental and land use law to insurance, tort law, and civil rights issues discussion of public expectations of government response in crisis, compared to actual government and private sector preparedness and capabilities examination of post disaster issues such as Medicaid, the role of environmental litigation, communications, law enforcement, evacuation, and the work of the Army Corps of Engineers on the levees in New Orleans Adopting a wider perspective that looks at the legal ramifications of disasters across the United States and around the world, the Second Edition offers: a new chapter on the causes of disasters and their relationship to laws designed to protect health, safety, and the environment a new chapter on risk and uncertainty that examines the latest ideas to come out of economics, complexity theory, and organizational management a new chapter on international disaster law that looks at recent developments in disaster-risk management, the protection of human rights, and the preservation of ecosystem services Coverage includes discussion of the 2005 Asian Tsunami, Chinaand’s Sechuan Earthquake, and Cycloe Nargis in Mynamar/Burma a new chapter on recovery from disaster that features an extended class exercise A unique and timely text in a burgeoning field, Disaster Law and Policy, Second Edition, is ideal for use in a seminar or a course on disaster issuesand—or as a supplement in courses on environmental law or land use.

Disaster Management in India: Challenges and Strategies

Disaster Management in India: Challenges and Strategies

by Dr. R. K. Dave

  • Publisher : Prowess Publishing
  • Release : 2018-02-21
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1545721750
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book – “Disaster Management in India: Challenges and Strategies” - provides a practical and realistic understanding of the evolving status of disaster management in India. The book discusses techno-legal systems for disaster management and their real-life effectiveness based upon the author’s own professional experience as well as available literature including studies, reviews and audits reports.A case study of the 2001 Bhuj Earthquake conducted by the author is at the nucleus of the book and provides a clear understanding on how interdependent sub-systems (social, organisational, infrastructure) can fail during sever incidents, and the consequences thereof.Lack of resources, lack of coordination, and poor communication are endemic to severely damaged disaster environments like the 2001 Bhuj earthquake and are very commonly seen across the world. What is more important for the future is that new methods are being evolved that overcome the potential risks posed by such initial conditions for improving organizational performance. Lessons from the 2001 Bhuj earthquake highlighted in this book are still relevant and provide directions for well-designed future interventions.The book critically examines performance status of disaster management in the post DM Act 2005 period and identifies many relevant issues and challenges – including development of effective institutions for disaster risk management.At the end, the book proposes intervention strategies for strengthening and improving disaster management systems keeping in mind the latest developments and best-practices suited to Indian conditions. Drawing on the author’s decades of experience both in the domains of disaster management and technology, the book provides tips on - Emergency Operations Center design and development; Media integration into DM, emergency Resources Management systems development and Crowd management.

Evaluation of UNDP Contribution to Disaster Prevention and Recovery

Evaluation of UNDP Contribution to Disaster Prevention and Recovery
A Book

by United Nations Development Programme. Evaluation Office

  • Publisher : United Nations Publications
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disasters have been on the rise over the last decade. Their increasing frequency and scale pose mounting economic and humanitarian challenges and necessitate effective management of disaster risk as an integral part of development planning. UNDP has a significant role in disaster management, helping to formulate and implement disaster reduction policies, and support recovery activities in more than 50 countries. Recent efforts to more closely link climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction are highlighted.The evaluation notes uneven progress amongst the UNDP country offices in integrating disaster risk reduction with other UNDP priorities such as poverty reduction, governance and environmental protection. The report emphasizes that addressing social and economic vulnerability requires a comprehensive programming approach, and UNDP's most important role is to assist countries in the development dimensions of the issue, especially risk reduction and vulnerability. The evaluation recommends that UNDP disaster risk reduction strategy should be revised to more directly address adaptation to climate change; and that UNDP administrative procedures should be improved so that they no longer constrain effective programming in natural disasters -- Publisher's website.

Understanding Disaster Risk

Understanding Disaster Risk
A Multidimensional Approach

by Pedro Pinto Santos,Ksenia Chmutina,Jason Von Meding,Emmanuel Raju

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-09-30
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 0128190485
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding Disaster Risk: A Multidimensional Approach presents the first principle from the UNISDR Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015-2030. The framework includes a discussion of risk and resilience from both a theoretical and governance perspective in light of ideas that are shaping our common future. In addition, it presents innovative tools and best practices in reducing risk and building resilience. Combining the applications of social, financial, technological, design, engineering and nature-based approaches, the volume addresses rising global priorities and focuses on strengthening the global understanding of vulnerability, displaced communities, cultural heritages and cultural identity. Readers will gain a multifaceted understanding of disaster, addressing both historic and contemporary issues. Focusing on the various dimensions of disaster risk, the book details natural and social components of risk and the challenges posed to risk assessment models under the climate change paradigm. Addresses the current challenges in policy and practice for building resilience strategies Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030 Aids in understanding the natural and social components of risk in a diverse and globalized world Presents the challenges posed to risk assessment models under the climate change paradigm

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management
A Book

by Christian N Madu,Chu-Hua Kuei

  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release : 2017-07-25
  • Pages : 956
  • ISBN : 9813207965
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change is increasingly of great concern to the world community. The earth has witnessed the buildup of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere, changes in biodiversity, and more occurrences of natural disasters. Recently, scientists have begun to shift their emphasis away from curbing carbon dioxide emission to adapting to carbon dioxide emission. The increase in natural disasters around the world is unprecedented in earth's history and these disasters are often associated to climate changes. Many nations along the coastal lines are threatened by massive floods and tsunamis. Earthquakes are increasing in intensity and erosion and droughts are problems in many parts of the developing countries. This book is therefore to investigate ways to prepare and effectively manage these disasters and possibly reduce their impacts. The focus is on mitigation strategies and policies that will help to reduce the impacts of natural disasters. The book takes an in-depth look at climate change and its association to socio-economic development and cultures especially in vulnerable communities; and investigates how communities can develop resilience to disasters. A balanced and a multiple perspective approach to manage the risks associated with natural disasters is offered by engaging authors from the entire globe to proffer solutions.

Comparative Emergency Management

Comparative Emergency Management
Examining Global and Regional Responses to Disasters

by DeMond Shondell Miller,Jason David Rivera

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 1439804923
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A host of natural and man-made disasters have plagued the world in the twenty-first century, many with significant global impact. The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, the Indian Ocean tsunami, and Hurricane Katrina all affected broad regions with devastating results. The need for better emergency management policies, procedures, and cooperation among nations is evident. Bringing together contributions from a cadre of international experts, Comparative Emergency Management: Examining Global and Regional Responses to Disasters demonstrates ways to recognize and reduce regional infrastructure vulnerability by building secure networks of collaboration within different geographical areas of the world. Explores issues on all continents With discrete sections on the Americas, Africa and the Middle East, Europe, Asia, and the Pacific Rim, the book presents the work of researchers and practitioners who examine ways different societies have responded to environmental threats using innovative methods to cope with their vulnerabilities to disaster. Topics discussed include: A game approach that has been used as an effective tool in the communication of disaster risk information in the Caribbean Efforts to rebuild tourism in New Orleans despite the challenges presented by media coverage of Hurricane Katrina Faith-based organization (FBO) humanitarian assistance in the Muslim world Nongovernmental and community-based responses to the Asian tsunami and the Sumatran earthquake The book presents a multifaceted study that aims to foster dialogue among policymakers to reduce social vulnerability and build local and regional capacities to withstand environmental assaults. Encouraging creative thinking, it offers ideas and solutions that have been successful in a range of environments worldwide. The authoritative scholarship presented combines interdisciplinary studies that will be valuable to a broad range of fields and professionals.

General Guidelines for the Implementation of the National Policy on Disaster Prevention and Management (NPDPM)

General Guidelines for the Implementation of the National Policy on Disaster Prevention and Management (NPDPM)
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disaster Management and Law

Disaster Management and Law
A Book

by Vishnu Konoorayar,V. S. Jaya

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disaster Management and Private Sectors

Disaster Management and Private Sectors
Challenges and Potentials

by Takako Izumi,Rajib Shaw

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-02-13
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 4431554149
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book draws upon case studies and practices of different types of DRR involvement by the private sector from all over the world. The book comprises two parts, Part I: Overview and Regional Cases; and Part II: Country Cases. The regional cases include those from Africa, Asia, Europe, and Central America, and the country cases include ones from India, Japan, the United States, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh, Malaysia, and Nepal. DRR at the international level is discussed from the perspective of the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR). The perspective of the Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is presented in the discussion of DRR at the societal level. The private sector is becoming more active in disaster management and plays an important role in distributing relief items and sending search and rescue teams in the response phase. However, once the response stage is over, private sector involvement tends to fade. While a number of disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives by the private sector are documented, they remain limited. The private sector can contribute enormously to DRR by developing business continuity plans, innovating technology for early warning systems, and providing and sharing technical knowledge, skills, and resources in the field of disaster preparedness. To strengthen DRR capacity, it is crucial to involve the private sector as major actors in DRR. The primary target groups for this book are students and researchers in the fields of disaster management and DRR studies. Another target group comprises practitioners and policy makers, who will be able to apply the collective knowledge from this work to policy and decision making. The book provides an overview of the current research trends and furnishes basic knowledge on this important topic.

Law and the Management of Disasters

Law and the Management of Disasters
The Challenge of Resilience

by Alexia Herwig,Marta Simoncini

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-12-01
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 1317273680
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disasters raise serious challenges for contemporary legal orders: they demand significant management, but usually amidst massive disruption to the normal functioning of state authority and society. When dealing with disasters, law has traditionally focused on contingency planning and recovery. More recently, however, ‘resilience’ has emerged as a key concept in effective disaster management policies and strategies, aiming at minimising the impact of events, so that the normal functioning of society and the state can be preserved. This book analyses the contribution of law to resilience building by looking at law’s role in the different phases of the disaster regulatory process: risk assessment, risk management, emergency intervention, and recovery. More specifically, it addresses how law can effectively contribute to resilience-oriented distaster management policies, and what legal instruments can support effective resilience-building.

Recent Technologies for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction

Recent Technologies for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction
Sustainable Community Resilience & Responses

by Praveen Kumar Rai,Prafull Singh,Varun Narayan Mishra

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2021-09-20
  • Pages : 479
  • ISBN : 9783030761158
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explains to governments, decision makers and disaster professionals the potential uses of recent technologies for disaster monitoring and risk reduction based on the knowledge and experience of prominent experts/researchers in the relevant fields. It discusses the application of recent technological developments for emerging disaster risks in today's societies and deliberates on the various aspects of disaster risk reduction strategies, especially through sustainable community resilience and responses. This book consists of selected invited papers on disaster management, which focus on community resilience and responses towards disaster risk reduction based on experiences, and closely examines the coordinated research activities involving all stakeholders, especially the communities at risk. Many regions of the world and aspects of disaster risk and its management are covered. It is described how recent technologies will support better understanding and action to reduce the number and impact of disasters in future. The principal audience for this book is researchers, urban planners, policy makers, as well as students.

The Capacity Crisis in Disaster Risk Management

The Capacity Crisis in Disaster Risk Management
Why disaster management capacity remains low in developing countries and what can be done

by Asmita Tiwari

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-03-05
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 331909405X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How can a place be built and managed so that it is safe for people to live? Ironically, many governments and citizens keep on asking the same question after every new disaster. Why, even with high levels of investment in increasing government’s capacity to manage disasters, do the impacts of disasters continue to increase? What can the governments do differently? What is the role of local communities? Where should aid agencies invest? This book looks into these critical questions and highlights how current capacity development efforts might be resulting in the opposite—capacity crisis or capability trap. The book provides a new approach for the understanding and the developing of effective local capacity to reduce and manage future disaster impacts.