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Disasters and Public Health

Disasters and Public Health
Planning and Response

by Bruce W. Clements,Julie Casani

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2016-02-23
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 0128019891
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disasters and Public Health: Planning and Response, Second Edition, examines the critical intersection between emergency management and public health. It provides a succinct overview of the actions that may be taken before, during, and after a major public health emergency or disaster to reduce morbidity and mortality. Five all-new chapters at the beginning of the book describe how policy and law drive program structures and strategies leading to the establishment and maintenance of preparedness capabilities. New topics covered in this edition include disaster behavioral health, which is often the most expensive and longest-term recovery challenge in a public health emergency, and community resilience, a valuable resource upon which most emergency programs and responses depend. The balance of the book provides an in-depth review of preparedness, response, and recovery challenges for 15 public health threats. These chapters also provide lessons learned from responses to each threat, giving users a well-rounded introduction to public health preparedness and response that is rooted in experience and practice. Contains seven new chapters that cover law, vulnerable populations, behavioral health, community resilience, preparedness capabilities, emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, and foodborne threats Provides clinical updates by new MD co-author Includes innovative preparedness approaches and lessons learned from current and historic public health and medical responses that enhance clarity and provide valuable examples to readers Presents increased international content and case studies for a global perspective on public health

Public Health Management of Disasters

Public Health Management of Disasters
The Practice Guide

by Linda Young Landesman

  • Publisher : American Public Health Association
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN : 9780875530451
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book can serve as a quick reference for either public health practitioners or public safety personnel who need quick information about disaster response for natural, man-made, and weapons of mass destruction. In addition, it identifies the public health role in each aspect of disaster activity, something that no other book has done. It also organizes morbidity and mortality concerns by disaster so that these negative outcomes can be referred to quickly.

Case Studies in Public Health Preparedness and Response to Disasters

Case Studies in Public Health Preparedness and Response to Disasters
A Book

by Landesman Consulting Visiting Lecturer School of Public Health University of Massachusetts Amherst Amherst Massachusetts Linda Y Landesman,Linda Y. Landesman,Isaac B. Weisfuse

  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • Release : 2013-08-02
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1449645208
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From extreme weather events such as Superstorm Sandy, man-made tragedies like the Madrid train bombings, the threat of bioterrorism, and emerging infections such as the H1N1 pandemic flu, disasters are creating increasingly profound threats to health of populations around the globe. Through a presentation of 16 case studies, the authors examine the broad range of public health scenarios through the lens of emergency preparedness and planning. Designed for students across a wide spectrum of health and safety disciplines, this text uniquely demonstrates the application of public health preparedness competencies established by the Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH). Key Features: -Presents 16 case studies on preparedness, from natural disasters to pandemic infection. -Demonstrates the application of the ASPH Public Health Preparedness competencies. -Makes an ideal complement to any text on disaster preparedness or public health leadership, or can be used as a standalone text. "Case Studies in Public Health Preparedness is written by some of the best emergency preparedness and response professionals in the business; it is a must read for anyone who needs to prepare for or respond to an emergency. Michael Osterholm Ph.D, MPH, Professor and Director, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, University of Minnesota"

Natural Disasters and Public Health

Natural Disasters and Public Health
Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma

by Virginia M. Brennan

  • Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Release : 2009-06-26
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 9780801891991
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume is a valuable resource for public policymakers, health care agencies, providers who plan for large-scale emergencies, academics teaching disaster relief courses, and professionals working in this field.

Untitled

Untitled
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1284069257
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disasters and Public Health

Disasters and Public Health
Planning and Response

by Bruce W. Clements

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 9781856176125
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From the San Diego wildfires to multi-drug-resistant strains of bacteria, communities are facing an ever-growing list of potential disasters. This handbook guides emergency managers and planners in preventing tragedies by most effectively preparing and responding when disaster strikes.

Disaster Epidemiology

Disaster Epidemiology
Methods and Applications

by Jennifer A. Horney

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-10-31
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 0128095075
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications applies the core methods of epidemiological research and practice to the assessment of the short- and long-term health effects of disasters. The persistent movement of people and economic development to regions vulnerable to natural disasters, as well as new vulnerabilities related to environmental, technological, and terrorism incidents, means that in spite of large global efforts to reduce the impacts and costs of disasters, average annual expenditures to fund rebuilding from catastrophic losses is rising faster than either population or the gross world product. Improving the resilience of individuals and communities to these natural and technological disasters, climate change, and other natural and manmade stressors is one of the grand challenges of the 21st century. This book provides a guide to disaster epidemiology methods, supported with applications from practice. It helps researchers, public health practitioners, and governmental policy makers to better quantify the impacts of disaster on the health of individuals and communities to enhance resilience to future disasters. Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications explains how public health surveillance, rapid assessments, and other epidemiologic studies can be conducted in the post-disaster setting to prevent injury, illness, or death; provide accurate and timely information for decisions makers; and improve prevention and mitigation strategies for future disasters. These methods can also be applied to the study of other types of public health emergencies, such as infectious outbreaks, emerging and re-emerging diseases, and refugee health. This book gives both the public health practitioner and researcher the tools they need to conduct epidemiological studies in a disaster setting and can be used as a reference or as part of a course. Provides a holistic perspective to epidemiology with an integration of academic and practical approaches Showcases the use of hands-on techniques and principles to solve real-world problems Includes contributions from both established and emerging scholars in the field of disaster epidemiology

Evaluating International Public Health Issues

Evaluating International Public Health Issues
Critical Reflections on Diseases and Disasters, Policies and Practices

by Mbuso Precious Mabuza

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-09-03
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 9811397872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book makes an original contribution in addressing contemporary critical discussions and reflections on international health policies, strategies, programmes, systems, diseases, disasters, and public health issues. It includes reflections on how levels of governance, development and technical assistance affect countries’ disaster readiness and health systems. In addressing inequalities between the rich and the poor, and unpacking how this affects public health services, policies, strategies and their collective implementation, the book aspires to improve standards of public health and quality of life for sustainable development globally. It provides a comprehensive overview of international health policies and aid structures, and pays particularly close attention to policies on HIV/AIDS in the workplace, discussing how HIV/AIDS has overshadowed non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as hypertension and stroke, which are on the rise. This book will be of great benefit to students and researchers, as well as policymakers in governmental and non-governmental organisations, who have an interest in achieving greater sustainability and improved health for populations in low-, middle- and high-income countries. It will be an indispensable book for students in Public Health programmes, and related courses.

Public Health and Disasters

Public Health and Disasters
Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management in Asia

by Emily Ying Yang Chan,Rajib Shaw

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-02-24
  • Pages : 343
  • ISBN : 9811509247
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the health emergency and disaster risk management (H-EDRM) research landscape, with examples from Asia. In recent years, the intersection of health and disaster risk reduction (DRR) has emerged as an important interdisciplinary field. In several landmark UN agreements adopted in 2015–2016, including the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Paris climate agreement, and the New Urban Agenda (Habitat III), health is acknowledged as an inevitable outcome and a natural goal of disaster risk reduction, and the cross-over of the two fields is essential for the successful implementation of the Sendai Framework. H-EDRM has emerged as an umbrella field that encompasses emergency and disaster medicine, DRR, humanitarian response, community health resilience, and health system resilience. However, this fragmented, nascent field has yet to be developed into a coherent discipline. Key challenges include redundant research, lack of a strategic research agenda, limited development of multisectoral and interdisciplinary approaches, deficiencies in the science–policy–practice nexus, absence of standardized terminology, and insufficient coordination among stakeholders. This book provides a timely and invaluable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, scholars, and frontline practitioners as well as policymakers from across the component domains of H-EDRM.

Public Health Humanitarian Responses to Natural Disasters

Public Health Humanitarian Responses to Natural Disasters
A Book

by Emily Ying Yang Chan

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2017-02-10
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 1317357442
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The pressure of climate change, environmental degradation, and urbanisation, as well as the widening of socio- economic disparities have rendered the global population increasingly vulnerable to the impact of natural disasters. With a primary focus on medical and public health humanitarian response to disasters, Public Health Humanitarian Responses to Natural Disasters provides a timely critical analysis of public health responses to natural disasters. Using a number of case studies and examples of innovative disaster response measures developed by international agencies and stakeholders, this book illustrates how theoretical understanding of public health issues can be practically applied in the context of humanitarian relief response. Starting with an introduction to public health principles within the context of medical and public health disaster and humanitarian response, the book goes on to explore key trends, threats and challenges in contemporary disaster medical response. This book provides a comprehensive overview of an emergent discipline and offers a unique multidisciplinary perspective across a range of relevant topics including the concepts of disaster preparedness and resilience, and key challenges in human health needs for the twenty-first century. This book will be of interest to students of public health, disaster and emergency medicine and development studies, as well as to development and medical practitioners working within NGOs, development agencies, health authorities and public administration.

The Public Health Consequences of Disasters

The Public Health Consequences of Disasters
A Book

by Eric K. Noji

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 1996-11-14
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 019988000X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural and man-made disasters--earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, industrial crises, and many others--have claimed more than 3 million lives during the past 20 years, adversely affected the lives of at least 800 million people, and caused more than 50 billion dollars in property damages. A major disaster occurs almost daily in some part of the world. Increasing population densities in flood plains, along vulnerable coastal areas, and near dangerous faults in the earth's crust, as well as the rapid industrialization of developing economies are factors likely to make the threat posed by natural disasters much bigger in the future. Illustrated with examples from recent research in the field, this book summarizes the most pertinent and useful information about the public health impact of natural and man-made disasters. It is divided into four sections dealing with general concerns, geophysical events, weather-related problems, and human-generated disasters. The author starts with a comprehensive discussion of the concepts and role of surveillance and epidemiology, highlighting general environmental health concerns, such as sanitation, water, shelter, and sewage. The other chapters, based on a variety of experiences and literature drawn from both developing and industrialized countries, cover discrete types of natural and technological hazards, addressing their history, origin, nature, observation, and control. Throughout the book the focus is on the level of epidemiologic knowledge on each aspect of natural and man-made disasters. Exposure-, disease-, and health-event surveillance are stressed because of the importance of objective data to disaster epidemiology. In addition, Noji pays particular attention to prevention and control measures, and provides practical recommendations in areas in which the public health practitioner needs more useful information. He advocates stronger epidemiologic awareness as the basis for better understanding and control of disasters. A comprehensive theoretical and practical treatment of the subject, The Public Health Consequences of Disasters is an invaluable tool for epidemiologists, disaster relief specialists, and physicians who treat disaster victims.

Disasters and Public Health

Disasters and Public Health
A Book

by Michel F. Lechat

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 7
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Public Health Management of Disasters

Public Health Management of Disasters
The Pocket Guide

by Linda Young Landesman

  • Publisher : American Public Health Association
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 107
  • ISBN : 9780875530697
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Local public health authorities have the primary responsibility for the health of a community following a disaster, and work as part of a multi-agency team to coordinate the continued delivery of health care services and to implement plans for the use or distribution of assets. In the event of a major disaster of any sort, the Internet and other electronic resources may not be readily available. This pocket guide, based on the best selling Public Health Management of Disasters: The Practice Guide, 2nd Edition, will provide a quick field resource for public health interventions in the days immediately following emergencies. It was developed for public health professionals at the local, State, and Federal levels to provide quick, concise access to needed information.

Disaster Public Health and Older People

Disaster Public Health and Older People
A Book

by Emily Ying Yang Chan

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-09-06
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 1351127608
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disaster Public Health and Older People introduces professionals, students and fieldworkers to the science and art of promoting health and well-being among older people in the context of humanitarian emergencies, with a particular focus on low- and middle-income country settings. Older people face specific vulnerabilities in physical, mental and social well-being during disasters. They are likely to experience socio-economic marginalisation, isolation, inaccessible information and a lack of relevant post-emergency support services. Meanwhile, although older people can also significantly contribute to disaster preparedness, response and recovery, their capacities are often under-utilised. Drawing on a range of global case studies, this book provides readers with a theoretical underpinning, while suggesting actions at the individual, community and national levels to reduce the health risks to older people posed by the increasing frequency and intensity of disaster, in particular those resulting from natural hazards. Topics covered range from the health impact of disasters on older people and response to their post-disaster health needs, to disaster preparedness, disease prevention, healthy ageing, global policy developments and the contributions of older people in disaster contexts. This book draws on lessons learnt from previous disasters and targets students and professionals working in disaster medicine, disaster public health, humanitarian studies, gerontology and geriatrics.

Handbook of public health in natural disasters

Handbook of public health in natural disasters
Nutrition, food, remediation and preparation

by Ronald Ross Watson,Joseph A. Tabor,John E. Ehiri,Victor R. Preedy

  • Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
  • Release : 2015-02-10
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 9086868061
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The combination of growing populations moving into large cities in high risk zones increase the risk of natural disasters with a substantial public health consequence. A high population density and rapid air travel increase the spread and effects of plagues and diseases. People in countries with limited resources are more vulnerable to death and other consequences of disasters. This requires global rather than national preparedness and response strategies. Public health organisations, government and non-government organisations can take a leadership role and provide training, organisation and research knowledge to improve responses to such disasters. This book is the first holistic public health approach in relation to natural disasters. It fills the gap to have a one-stop-shopping synopsis of key ideas associated with mediation of public health natural disasters. It is unique in focusing on 'lessons learned' rather than 'what to do'. Published research relating to general responses by public health agencies to disasters is scientifically evaluated. Various types of disasters are reviewed: flooding, diseases, earthquakes, volcanoes, and drought. Long term needs, prevention and individual preparation are taken into account. The information can be used to prepare and mitigate effects of disasters. The summary points at the start of each chapter will help the reader to use as this book as reference book and for educational purpose.

Landesman's Public Health Management of Disasters

Landesman's Public Health Management of Disasters
The Practice Guide

by Linda Young Landesman

  • Publisher : APHA Press
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9780875533216
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This final landmark edition conceptualizes a comprehensive public health strategy for disaster planning and management. This is a practice guide for all disciplines, medicine, health care systems, government officials at all levels, and every country in the world trying to organize and carry out a response"--

Enabling Rapid and Sustainable Public Health Research During Disasters

Enabling Rapid and Sustainable Public Health Research During Disasters
Summary of a Joint Workshop by the Institute of Medicine and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

by Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Catastrophic Events

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2015-04-06
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 0309313333
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past decade, preparedness and response capacities of government agencies, hospitals and clinics, public health agencies, and academic researchers in the United States and abroad have been challenged by a succession of public health emergencies, ranging from radiological threats to pandemics to earthquakes. Through After Action Reports, each of these emergencies has yielded important information and lessons learned that can inform future disaster response and recovery efforts. However, important information that needs to be collected during and immediately following these emergencies is often missed because of barriers and obstacles to gathering such data, such as varying institutional review board restrictions in different states, no sustainable funding network for this type of work, uncertainty on who should be involved in research response, and a lack of knowledge around how best to integrate research into response and recovery frameworks. Taking action to enable medical and public health research during disasters was the focus of a workshop held on June 12 and 13, 2014, coordinated and supported jointly by the Institute of Medicine Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Catastrophic Events, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the National Library of Medicine, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Invited speakers and participants from federal, state, and local government, academia, and community and worker organizations came together to discuss how to integrate research into existing response structures; identify critical research needs and priorities; identify obstacles and barriers to research; discuss structures and strategies needed for deployment of a research study; share ideas, innovations, and technologies to support research; and explore data collection tools and data-sharing mechanisms for both rapid and longitudinal research. Enabling Rapid and Sustainable Public Health Research During Disasters summarizes the presentations and discussion of the workshop.

Disasters and Public Health

Disasters and Public Health
Planning and Response

by Bruce W. Clements

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2009-03-21
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780080886015
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From the San Diego wildfires to multi-drug-resistant strains of bacteria, communities are facing an ever-growing list of potential disasters. Some events, like pandemic flu or anthrax attacks, are public health emergencies first and foremost. Hurricane Katrina taught us, however, that lack of planning for the frail, elderly, and impoverished population can turn a natural disaster into a healthcare nightmare and lead to needless death and suffering. Emergency managers and public health professionals must integrate their prevention and response efforts to serve their communities most effectively. The structure of each chapter offers an innovative approach to organizing key information: 1. Case Study or Historical Example 2. Disaster-specific Terms Defined 3. Disaster Description 4. Health Threat (Morbidity and Mortality) 5. Prevention 6. Immediate Actions 7. Recovery or Managing the Aftermath 8. Summary Disasters and Public Health is a crucial tool in planning for and responding to the health impact of any crisis situation. Bruce Clements served over 20 years in the U.S. Air Force and Air National Guard as a Public Health Officer and a Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Warfare Defense Instructor, a Hazardous Materials Specialist with an Urban Search and Rescue Team, and as a Safety Officer with a Disaster Medical Assistance Team. He also served as the Public Health Preparedness Director of Missouri in 2006, when the state experienced a record number of disaster declarations. Throughout his years of experience, he frequently needed to track down a variety of references to quickly understand what was needed for an effective public health response in various situations. He has researched and compiled this information on the health impact of a wide range of disasters into one quick reference. Emergency managers can also no longer afford to be surprised by the next crisis that erupts. This book guides planners in both disciplines in preventing tragedies by most effectively preparing and responding when disaster strikes. * Prevent or respond to disasters from terrorism to pandemic flu * Examine the critical intersection of emergency management and public health * Benefit from the author's years of experience in emergency response

Natural Disasters

Natural Disasters
Protecting the Public's Health

by Pan American Health Organization

  • Publisher : Pan American Health Org
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 119
  • ISBN : 9275115753
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Includes statistics.

Relationship Between Disasters and Public Health from a Hong Kong Perspective

Relationship Between Disasters and Public Health from a Hong Kong Perspective
A Book

by Emily Ying Yang Chan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 28
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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