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Discontinuous Fiber-Reinforced Composites

Discontinuous Fiber-Reinforced Composites
Fundamentals and Applications

by Umesh Gandhi,Sebastian Goris,Tim A. Osswald,Yu-Yang Song

  • Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
  • Release : 2020-03-09
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1569906955
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There are many books on composite material analysis, but most cover mainly continuous fiber materials, rather than those filled with discontinuous fibers, which are particularly attractive for large-volume and low-cost applications. This book provides the theoretical and practical background to design and use discontinuous fiber-reinforced polymer materials, with an emphasis on structural parts for the automotive industry. Moreover, the product of years of collaborative work between industry and academia is presented in an easy-to-use, comprehensive manner. The information provided makes it possible for someone with an engineering background to understand the micromechanics of discontinuous fiber-reinforced materials and, hence, analyze the structural performance of components designed with such materials. The book employs a practical approach to cover the key, unique capabilities that are critical for a successful structural analysis of discontinuous fiber-reinforced polymer structures: -Process simulation to estimate the condition of fibers in the finished parts, i.e., fiber length, orientation, and concentration -Capability to measure micro structure, i.e., fiber length distribution, fiber orientation tensors, and fiber concentration, etc. -Estimation of material properties in the part based on fiber condition, as well as environmental conditions such as temperature A broad range of areas is included, such as joining and assembly.

Discontinuous-Fibre Reinforced Composites

Discontinuous-Fibre Reinforced Composites
Fundamentals of Stress Transfer and Fracture Mechanics

by Kheng Lim Goh

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-10-22
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 1447173058
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a simple and unified approach to the mechanics of discontinuous-fibre reinforced composites, and introduces readers as generally as possible to the key concepts regarding the mechanics of elastic stress transfer, intermediate modes of stress transfer, plastic stress transfer, fibre pull-out, fibre fragmentation and matrix rupture. These concepts are subsequently applied to progressive stages of the loading process, through to the composite fractures. The book offers a valuable guide for advanced undergraduate and graduate students attending lecture courses on fibre composites. It is also intended for beginning researchers who wish to develop deeper insights into how discontinuous fibre provides reinforcement to composites, and for engineers, particularly those who wish to apply the concepts presented here to design and develop discontinuous-fibre reinforced composites.

Discontinuous Fiber Composites

Discontinuous Fiber Composites
A Book

by Tim A. Osswald

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-01-15
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 3038974919
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Discontinuous Fiber Composites" that was published in J. Compos. Sci.

Continuous–Discontinuous Fiber-Reinforced Polymers

Continuous–Discontinuous Fiber-Reinforced Polymers
An Integrated Engineering Approach

by Thomas Böhlke,Frank Henning,Andrew Hrymak,Luise Kärger,Kay Weidenmann,Jeffrey T. Wood

  • Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
  • Release : 2019-08-05
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1569906939
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discontinuous long fiber reinforced polymer structures with local continuous fiber reinforcements represent an important class of lightweight materials with broad design possibilities and diverse technical applications, e.g. in vehicle construction. However, in contrast to continuous fiber reinforced composites, extensively used in the aircraft industry, there is still a lack of integrated and experimentally proven concepts for manufacture, modeling, and dimensioning of combinations of discontinuously and continuously reinforced polymer structures. This is partly ascribed to the complexity of the manufacturing processes of discontinuously reinforced polymers, with heterogeneous, anisotropic, and nonlinear material and structural properties, but also to the resulting bonding problem of both material types. This book addresses these issues, including both continuous and discontinuous fiber processing strategies. Specific design strategies for advanced composite reinforcement strategies are provided, with an integrated and holistic approach taken for composites material selection, product design, and mechanical properties. Characterization, simulation, technology, design, future research, and implementation directions are also included. Especially in the field of application of three-dimensional load-bearing structures, this book provides an excellent foundation for the enhancement of scientific methods and the education of engineers who need an interdisciplinary understanding of process and material techniques, as well as simulation and product development methods.

Fiber-Reinforced Composites

Fiber-Reinforced Composites
Materials, Manufacturing, and Design, Second Edition

by P.K. Mallick

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1993-05-24
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN : 9780824790318
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Maintaining the interdisciplinary perspective of the first edition, this reference and text provides comprehensive discussions of all aspects of fiber-reinforced composites, including materials, mechanics, properties, test methods, manufacturing and design. Written from a conceptual point of view and emphasizing fundamentals, the second edition of Fiber Reinforced Composites offers updated and expanded sections including: fibers and matrix, including thermoplastic matrices; discontinuous fibers and laminated structures; static mechanical properties, fatigue properties and damage tolerance; resin flow, bag molding, filament winding and resin transfer molding; and environmental effects.

Composites Engineering Handbook

Composites Engineering Handbook
A Book

by P.K. Mallick

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1997-03-19
  • Pages : 1264
  • ISBN : 9780824793043
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Offers information on the fundamental principles, processes, methods and procedures related to fibre-reinforced composites. The book presents a comparative view, and provides design properties of polymeric, metal, ceramic and cement matrix composites. It also gives current test methods, joining techniques and design methodologies.

NASA technical note

NASA technical note
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1967
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Composites for Automotive, Truck and Mass Transit

Composites for Automotive, Truck and Mass Transit
Materials, Design, Manufacturing

by Uday Vaidya

  • Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 419
  • ISBN : 1932078797
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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· Technical explanation of composite materials in vehicle design and manufacture · Covers all phases of composites design, formulation, fabrication, and testing · Features hundreds of case studies and hard-to-find formulas and analytical data · Detailed information on resins, preforms, lightweighting, biobased materials -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This technical book provides a comprehensive explanation of how advanced composite materials, including FRPs, reinforced thermoplastics, carbon-based composites and many others are designed, processed and utilized in exterior, interior, under-the-hood, structural, semi-structural and non-structural components in passenger cars, performance cars, trucks, motorbikes, and mass transit vehicles. The book clarifies how the material properties of composites can be optimized to decrease weight, expand design options, improve crashworthiness, and reduce fuel consumption in response to CAFE and other regulations. The many case studies and equation-based analyses in this book are intended to assist engineers and others in the selection of materials and the fabrication of vehicle parts.Table of Contents: CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 History and Legislative Actions 1.3 The Case for Lightweighting 1.4 Technological Barriers 1.5 Advantages and Opportunities 1.6 Integral Factors 1.7 Summary 1.8 References CHAPTER 2: POLYMER RESINS, ADDITIVES AND SANDWICH CORES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, MASS TRANSIT AND HEAVY TRUCKS 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Polymer Resins: Thermoset and Thermoplastic 2.3 Thermoset Polymer Composites 2.4 Thermoplastic Resins 2.5 Additives 2.6 Structural Foams and Core Materials 2.7 Summary 2.8 References CHAPTER 3: REINFORCEMENTS FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 3.1 Reinforcing Fibers 3.2 Reinforcement Length Scales and Forms 3.3 Glass Fibers 3.4 Carbon or Graphite Fibers 3.5 Aramid (Kevlar") Fibers 3.6 High-Strength Polyolefin Fibers 3.7 Basalt Fibers 3.8 Summary5 3.9 References CHAPTER 4: MATERIAL FORMS FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 4.1 Need for Intermediate Material Forms 4.2 Preforming 4.3 Intermediate Material Form for Thermoplastic Composites 4.4 Summary 4.5 References CHAPTER 5: DISCONTINUOUS REINFORCEMENT-BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 5.1 Discontinuous Forms 5.2 Glass Mat Thermoplastic Composites (GMT) 5.3 Long Fiber Thermoplastics (LFT) 5.4 Sheet Molding Compound (SMC) 5.5 Compression Molding 5.6 Programmable Powdered Preform Process (P4) 5.7 Structural Foam Molding 5.8 Other Application Case Studies with Discontinuous Fiber Composites 5.9 Exterior 5.10 Interior 5.11 Lightweighting Fuel Cells 5.12 Summary 5.13 References CHAPTER 6: CONTINUOUS FIBER REINFORCEMENT BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 6.1 Continuous Fiber Composites 6.2 Preforming 6.3 Continuous Fiber Processes for Automotive and Transportation Applications 6.4 Application Case Studies with Continuous Fiber Reinforcements 6.5 Summary 6.6 References CHAPTER 7: MECHANICS AND DESIGN TIPS 7.1 Test Methods and Specific Properties 7.2 Conversion Between Volume and Weight Fractions 7.3 Stiffness and Strength Prediction of Discontinuous and Continuous Fiber Composites 7.4 Stiffness Equivalency 7.5 Sandwich Composites 7.6 Ribbed LFT and Tape Reinforced LFT 7.7 Summary 7.8 References CHAPTER 8: COMPOSITE MANUFACTURING PROCESS ANALYSIS FOR AUTOMOTIVE PARTS 8.1 Background 8.2 Production Requirements 8.3 Representative Part 8.4 Cost Analysis 8.5 Economic Benefit for the Material Supplier 8.6 Summary 8.7 References CHAPTER 9: CARBON FIBER 9.1 Background 9.2 Challenges 9.3 Typical Properties of Automotive Carbon Fiber Composites 9.4 Carbon Fibers in Cars 9.5 Summary 9.6 References CHAPTER 10: PERFORMANCE CARS 10.1 Background 10.2 Performance Cars 10.3 Hypercar 10.4 Futuristic Concept Cars 10.5 Race Motorbikes 10.6 Summary 10.7 References CHAPTER 11: HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 11.1 Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMVs) 11.2 Role of Composites in Mass Transit 11.3 Composite Subelements for Mass Transit 11.4 Summary 11.5 References CHAPTER 12: JOINING AND ADHESIVES 12.1 Joining and Bonding Strategies 12.2 Adhesive Bonding 12.3 Fusion Bonding/Welding 12.4 Joining in Automotive and Transportation Components 12.5 Summary 12.6 References CHAPTER 13: BIOCOMPOSITES, RECYCLING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS 13.1 Need for Environmentally Friendly Materials 13.2 History 13.3 Regulations 13.4 Green Materials/Natural Fibers 13.5 Bio-Resins and Nanoclay Modified Resins 13.6 Nanocomposites 13.7 Intermediate Forms 13.8 Examples of Natural Fiber and Biocomposite Automotive Parts 13.9 Recycled Composite Scrap for Transportation 13.10 Summary 13.11 References CHAPTER 14: OVERALL SUMMARY 14.1 Overall Trends 14.2 Opportunities and Challenges Index

Oriented Discontinuous PRD-49 Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastics

Oriented Discontinuous PRD-49 Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastics
A Book

by Dana Burton Eagles

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1974
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanical Properties of Discontinuous Glass and Graphite Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastics

Mechanical Properties of Discontinuous Glass and Graphite Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastics
A Book

by Ban The Vu

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In-situ Study of Fatigue Crack Initiation in Kaowool/Saffil Discontinuous Fiber Reinforced A1-Si Alloy Matric Composites

In-situ Study of Fatigue Crack Initiation in Kaowool/Saffil Discontinuous Fiber Reinforced A1-Si Alloy Matric Composites
A Book

by Prasad Alavilli

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanical Properties of Fiber Reinforced Composites

Mechanical Properties of Fiber Reinforced Composites
A Book

by Chine I. Chang

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1971
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Aligned Discontinuous Fiber Process

The Aligned Discontinuous Fiber Process
Extension Into Manufacturing

by Scott Andrew Seymour

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Oriented Discontinuous Organic-fiber Reinforced Thermoplastic Composite Materials

Oriented Discontinuous Organic-fiber Reinforced Thermoplastic Composite Materials
A Book

by Bruce Frederick Blumentritt

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fiber Reinforced Ceramic Composites

Fiber Reinforced Ceramic Composites
Materials, Processing and Technology

by K.S. Mazdiyasni

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 515
  • ISBN : 9780815512332
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book was the first comprehensive treatment of continuous and discontinuous ceramic fiber and whisker reinforced ceramic composites. Particular attention is given to the chemistry of sol-gel derived oxide and preceramic polymer derived nonoxide ceramic fibers and matrices, emphasizing their properties and characteristics. Theory, modeling and processing methodologies used for the research and development and manufacturing of advanced structural ceramic composites are included. The importance of the fiber matrix interface and long-term stability of the reinforcement fibers within a matrix are stressed. Opportunities and needs for ceramic composites as engineering materials are assessed as well.

Modeling of the Mechanical Behavior of Fiber Reinforced Cement Based Composites Under Tensile Loads

Modeling of the Mechanical Behavior of Fiber Reinforced Cement Based Composites Under Tensile Loads
A Book

by Jamil M. Alwan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Stress Analysis

Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Stress Analysis
A Book

by Society for Experimental Stress Analysis

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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International Encyclopedia of Composites

International Encyclopedia of Composites
A Book

by Stuart M. Lee

  • Publisher : Vch Pub
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Includes almost all essential areas necessary to understand this group of materials in detail, and how to use them for different applications. Includes special types of composites used as engineering materials, the behavior of composite materials under different types of loading conditions, composites with special property profiles, and design aspects of composites materials.

Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Materials

Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Materials
Part A

by R.W. Fast,F.R. Fickett

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 1990-06-01
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 9780306435980
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Cryogenic Engineering

Advances in Cryogenic Engineering
A Book

by Klaus D. Timmerhaus

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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