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Distributed Control Methods and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids

Distributed Control Methods and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids
A Book

by Wenchao Meng,Xiaoyu Wang,Shichao Liu

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03-20
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 012816946X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Distributed Control and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids presents a thorough treatment of distributed control methods and cyber security issues for power system researchers and engineers. With the help of mathematical tools, this reference gives a deep understanding of microgrids and new research directions, addressing emerging concepts, methodologies and applications of monitoring, control and protection in smart microgrids with large-scale renewables. With the integration of more distributed or aggregated renewables and the wide utilization of power electronic devices, the smart microgrid is facing new stability and security challenges.

Microgrid Architectures, Control and Protection Methods

Microgrid Architectures, Control and Protection Methods
A Book

by Naser Mahdavi Tabatabaei,Ersan Kabalci,Nicu Bizon

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-08-01
  • Pages : 781
  • ISBN : 3030237230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents intuitive explanations of the principles of microgrids, including their structure and operation and their applications. It also discusses the latest research on microgrid control and protection technologies and the essentials of microgrids as well as enhanced communication systems. The book provides solutions to microgrid operation and planning issues using various methodologies including planning and modelling; AC and DC hybrid microgrids; energy storage systems in microgrids; and optimal microgrid operational planning. Written by specialists, it is filled in innovative solutions and research related to microgrid operation, making it a valuable resource for those interested in developing updated approaches in electric power analysis, design and operational strategies. Thanks to its in-depth explanations and clear, three-part structure, it is useful for electrical engineering students, researchers and technicians.

The Energy Internet

The Energy Internet
An Open Energy Platform to Transform Legacy Power Systems into Open Innovation and Global Economic Engines

by Wencong Su,Alex Huang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-10-26
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 0081022158
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Energy Internet: An Open Energy Platform to Transform Legacy Power Systems into Open Innovation and Global Economic Engines is an innovative concept that changes the way people generate, distribute and consume electrical energy. With the potential to transform the infrastructure of the electric grid, the book challenges existing power systems, presenting innovative and pioneering theories and technologies that will challenge existing norms on generation and consumption. Researchers, academics, engineers, consultants and policymakers will gain a thorough understanding of the Energy Internet that includes a thorough dissemination of case studies from the USA, China, Japan, Germany and the U.K. The book's editors provide analysis of various enabling technologies and technical solutions, such as control theory, communication, and the social and economic aspects that are central to obtaining a clear appreciation of the potential of this complex infrastructure. Presents the first complete resource on the innovative concept of the Energy Internet Provides a clear analysis of the architecture of the Energy Internet to ensure an understanding of the technologies behind generating, distributing and consuming electricity in this way Includes a variety of global case studies of real-world implementation and pilot projects to thoroughly demonstrate the theoretical, technological and economic considerations

Modeling, Control, Estimation, and Optimization for Microgrids

Modeling, Control, Estimation, and Optimization for Microgrids
A Fuzzy-Model-Based Method

by Zhixiong Zhong

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-11-27
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 1351032445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Due to increasing economic and environmental pressures, small-scale grids have received increasing attention in the last fifteen years. These renewable sources, such as solar PVs, wind turbines, and fuel cells, integrated with grid, have changed the way we live our lives. This book describes microgrid dynamics modeling and nonlinear control issues from introductory to the advanced steps. The book addresses the most relevant challenges in microgrid protection and control including modeling, uncertainty, stability issues, local control, coordination control, power quality, and economic dispatch.

Microgrid

Microgrid
Advanced Control Methods and Renewable Energy System Integration

by Magdi S Mahmoud

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-10-24
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 0081012624
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microgrids: Advanced Control Methods and Renewable Energy System Integration demonstrates the state-of-art of methods and applications of microgrid control, with eleven concise and comprehensive chapters. The first three chapters provide an overview of the control methods of microgrid systems that is followed by a review of distributed control and management strategies for the next generation microgrids. Next, the book identifies future research directions and discusses the hierarchical power sharing control in DC Microgrids. Chapter 4 investigates the demand side management in microgrid control systems from various perspectives, followed by an outline of the operation and controls of the smart microgrids in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 deals with control of low-voltage microgrids with master/slave architecture. The final chapters explain the load-Frequency Controllers for Distributed Power System Generation Units and the issue of robust control design for VSIs, followed by a communication solution denoted as power talk. Finally, in Chapter 11, real-time implementation of distributed control for an autonomous microgrid system is performed. Addresses issues of contemporary interest to practitioners in the power engineering and management fields Focuses on the role of microgrids within the overall power system structure and attempts to clarify the main findings relating to primary and secondary control and management at the microgrid level Provides results from a quantified assessment of benefits from economic, environmental, operational, and social point-of-views Presents the hierarchical control levels manifested in microgrid operations and evaluates the principles and main functions of centralized and decentralized control

Microgrids

Microgrids
Architectures and Control

by Nikos Hatziargyriou

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-03-03
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 1118720687
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microgrids are the most innovative area in the electric power industry today. Future microgrids could exist as energy-balanced cells within existing power distribution grids or stand-alone power networks within small communities. A definitive presentation on all aspects of microgrids, this text examines the operation of microgrids – their control concepts and advanced architectures including multi-microgrids. It takes a logical approach to overview the purpose and the technical aspects of microgrids, discussing the social, economic and environmental benefits to power system operation. The book also presents microgrid design and control issues, including protection and explaining how to implement centralized and decentralized control strategies. Key features: original, state-of-the-art research material written by internationally respected contributors unique case studies demonstrating success stories from real-world pilot sites from Europe, the Americas, Japan and China examines market and regulatory settings for microgrids, and provides evaluation results under standard test conditions a look to the future – technical solutions to maximize the value of distributed energy along with the principles and criteria for developing commercial and regulatory frameworks for microgrids Offering broad yet balanced coverage, this volume is an entry point to this very topical area of power delivery for electric power engineers familiar with medium and low voltage distribution systems, utility operators in microgrids, power systems researchers and academics. It is also a useful reference for system planners and operators, manufacturers and network operators, government regulators, and postgraduate power systems students. CONTRIBUTORS Thomas Degner Aris Dimeas Alfred Engler Nuno Gil Asier Gil de Muro Guillermo Jiménez-Estévez George Kariniotakis George Korres André Madureira Meiqin Mao Chris Marnay Jose Miguel Yarza Satoshi Morozumi Alexander Oudalov Frank van Overbeeke Rodrigo Palma Behnke Joao Abel Pecas Lopes Fernanda Resende John Romankiewicz Christine Schwaegerl Nikos Soultanis Liang Tao Antonis Tsikalakis

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids
Integration, Challenges and Optimization

by Rajeev Kumar Chauhan,Kalpana Chauhan

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-08-17
  • Pages : 554
  • ISBN : 0128177756
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids: Integration, Challenges and Optimization unifies classically unconnected aspects of microgrids by considering them alongside economic analysis and stability testing. In addition, the book presents well-founded mathematical analyses on how to technically and economically optimize microgrids via distributed energy resource integration. Researchers and engineers in the power and energy sector will find this information useful for combined scientific and economical approaches to microgrid integration. Specific sections cover microgrid performance, including key technical elements, such as control design, stability analysis, power quality, reliability and resiliency in microgrid operation. Addresses the challenges related to the integration of renewable energy resources Includes examples of control algorithms adopted during integration Presents detailed methods of optimization to enhance successful integration

Advances in Applied Science, Engineering and Technology

Advances in Applied Science, Engineering and Technology
A Book

by Na Na,Zong Hua Wang,Qing Bin Yang,Yi Qian Wang,Pei Long Xu

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2013-06-27
  • Pages : 986
  • ISBN : 3038260991
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Applied Science, Engineering and Technology (ICASET 2013), May 19-21, 2013, Qingdao, China

Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems

Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems
A Book

by Magdi S. Mahmoud,Fouad M. AL-Sunni

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-05-14
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN : 3319169106
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text is an introduction to the use of control in distributed power generation. It shows the reader how reliable control can be achieved so as to realize the potential of small networks of diverse energy sources, either singly or in coordination, for meeting concerns of energy cost, energy security and environmental protection. The book demonstrates how such microgrids, interconnecting groups of generating units and loads within a local area, can be an effective means of balancing electrical supply and demand. It takes advantage of the ability to connect and disconnect microgrids from the main body of the power grid to give flexibility in response to special events, planned or unplanned. In order to capture the main opportunities for expanding the power grid and to present the plethora of associated open problems in control theory Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems is organized to treat three key themes, namely: system architecture and integration; modelling and analysis; and communications and control. Each chapter makes use of examples and simulations and appropriate problems to help the reader study. Tools helpful to the reader in accessing the mathematical analysis presented within the main body of the book are given in an appendix. Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems will enable readers new to the field of distributed power generation and networked control, whether experienced academic migrating from another field or graduate student beginning a research career, to familiarize themselves with the important points of the control and regulation of microgrids. It will also be useful for practising power engineers wishing to keep abreast of changes in power grids necessitated by the diversification of generating methods.

Exploring Cyber Security Issues and Solutions for Various Components of DC Microgrid System

Exploring Cyber Security Issues and Solutions for Various Components of DC Microgrid System
A Book

by Sultana Razia Akhter

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nowadays, considering the growing demand for the DC loads and simplified interface with renewable power generation sources, DC microgrids could be cost effective solution for the power supply in small scale area. the supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system maintain the bidirectional power communication through the internet connectivity with the microgrid. However, this intelligent and interactive feature may pose a cyber-security threat to the power grid. this work aims to exploring cyber-security issues and their solutions for the DC microgrid system. To mitigate the adverse effects of various cyber-attacks such as the False Data Injection (FDI) attack, Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack etc., two new techniques based on non-linear and proportional-integral (PI) controllers have been proposed. Simulation results obtained from MATLAB/Simulink software demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods in mitigating the adverse effects of cyber-attacks on the DCMG system performance. .

Microgrid Dynamics and Control

Microgrid Dynamics and Control
A Book

by Hassan Bevrani,Bruno François,Toshifumi Ise

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-07-18
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN : 1119263700
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses relevant microgrid technologies in the context of integrating renewable energy and also addresses challenging issues. The authors summarize long term academic and research outcomes and contributions. In addition, this book is influenced by the authors’ practical experiences on microgrids (MGs), electric network monitoring, and control and power electronic systems. A thorough discussion of the basic principles of the MG modeling and operating issues is provided. The MG structure, types, operating modes, modelling, dynamics, and control levels are covered. Recent advances in DC microgrids, virtual synchronousgenerators, MG planning and energy management are examined. The physical constraints and engineering aspects of the MGs are covered, and developed robust and intelligent control strategies are discussed using real time simulations and experimental studies.

Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project

Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project
Final Project Report

by Thomas Bialek,San Diego Gas and Electric Company,Horizon Energy Group

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 71
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Smart Microgrid Control

Smart Microgrid Control
Transactive energy and intelligent control automation in power and cogenerative smartgrids

by Gerro J Prinsloo

  • Publisher : Gerro Prinsloo
  • Release : 2016-01-12
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 0620686650
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In a smart microgrid context, transactive energy is one of the more exciting developments in energy management. The concept of Transactive Energy Management (TEM) was introduced by the GridWise Architecture Council (GWAC) and has become a very important ingredient in modern smart microgrid control. Transactive control (TC) generally includes economic intelligence that use pricing signals to coordinate devices throughout the microgrid system on an economic bargaining or price bargaining principles. In this way, the smart microgrid controller can actually make decisions on energy generation and energy consumption based on time-varying pricing signals. Transactive smart microgrid Control (TsmC) use mathematical algorithms than can respond to dynamic pricing and microgrid energy demand, creating a type of interactive bargaining platform for energy users and appliances to bargain for energy purchases and usage within the microgrid. It can be viewed as a two-way transaction system in which energy can be generated, supplied and directed to where energy required. This book takes an in depth look at intelligent and smart control in a microgrid context. It deals with topics such as stochastic microgrid modelling and control optimization, smart microgrid and supply side modelling, smart microgrid demand side management and control optimization in both autonomous or islanded smart microgrids as well as grid connected microgrids.

Microgrids Design and Implementation

Microgrids Design and Implementation
A Book

by Antonio Carlos Zambroni de Souza,Miguel Castilla

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-29
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 3319986872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses the emerging trend of smart grids in power systems. It discusses the advent of smart grids and selected technical implications; further, by combining the perspectives of researchers from Europe and South America, the book captures the status quo of and approaches to smart grids in a wide range of countries. It describes the basic concepts, enabling readers to understand the theoretical aspects behind smart grid formation, while also examining current challenges and philosophical discussions. Like the industrial revolution and the birth of the Internet, smart grids are certain to change the way people use electricity. In this regard, a new term – the “prosumer” – is used to describe consumers who may sometimes also be energy producers. This is particularly appealing if we bear in mind that most of the distributed power generation in smart grids does not involve carbon emissions. At first glance, the option of generating their own power could move consumers to leave their current energy provider. Yet the authors argue that doing so is not a wise choice: utilities will play a central role in this new scenario and should not be ignored.

Security of Cyber-Physical Systems

Security of Cyber-Physical Systems
Vulnerability and Impact

by Hadis Karimipour,Pirathayini Srikantha,Hany Farag,Jin Wei-Kocsis

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-08-24
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN : 3030455416
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a comprehensive overview of security issues in Cyber Physical Systems (CPSs), by analyzing the issues and vulnerabilities in CPSs and examining state of the art security measures. Furthermore, this book proposes various defense strategies including intelligent attack and anomaly detection algorithms. Today’s technology is continually evolving towards interconnectivity among devices. This interconnectivity phenomenon is often referred to as Internet of Things (IoT). IoT technology is used to enhance the performance of systems in many applications. This integration of physical and cyber components within a system is associated with many benefits; these systems are often referred to as Cyber Physical Systems (CPSs). The CPSs and IoT technologies are used in many industries critical to our daily lives. CPSs have the potential to reduce costs, enhance mobility and independence of patients, and reach the body using minimally invasive techniques. Although this interconnectivity of devices can pave the road for immense advancement in technology and automation, the integration of network components into any system increases its vulnerability to cyber threats. Using internet networks to connect devices together creates access points for adversaries. Considering the critical applications of some of these devices, adversaries have the potential of exploiting sensitive data and interrupting the functionality of critical infrastructure. Practitioners working in system security, cyber security & security and privacy will find this book valuable as a reference. Researchers and scientists concentrating on computer systems, large-scale complex systems, and artificial intelligence will also find this book useful as a reference.

Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid

Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid
A Book

by David Wenzhong Gao

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-07-25
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 0128033754
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid addresses the issues related to modelling, operation and control, steady-state and dynamic analysis of microgrids with ESS. This book discusses major electricity storage technologies in depth along with their efficiency, lifetime cycles, environmental benefits and capacity, so that readers can envisage which type of storage technology is best for a particular microgrid application. This book offers solutions to numerous difficulties such as choosing the right ESS for the particular microgrid application, proper sizing of ESS for microgrid, as well as design of ESS control systems for proper interfacing with the microgrid. Explanations for major power electronic converters/technology required to achieve the desired interfacing Case studies on the major impacts of energy storage on microgrid Detailed solutions for choosing the right ESS for particular microgrid applications Valuable economics chapter to help evaluate entire systems

Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids

Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids
A Book

by K. R. Padiyar,Anil M. Kulkarni

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-02-04
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 1119173388
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide to the latest developments in grid dynamics and control and highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids offers a concise and comprehensive review of the most recent developments and research in grid dynamics and control. In addition, the authors present a new style of presentation that highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply. The authors — noted experts in the field — offer an introduction to the topic and explore the basic characteristics and operations of the grid. The text also reviews a wealth of vital topics such as FACTS and HVDC Converter controllers, the stability and security issues of the bulk power system, loads which can be viewed as negative generation, the power limits and energy availability when distributed storage is used and much more. This important resource: Puts the focus on the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply Includes modeling and control of wind and solar energy generation for secure energy transfer Presents timely coverage of on-line detection of loss of synchronism, wide area measurements and applications, wide-area feedback control systems for power swing damping and microgrids-operation and control Written for students of power system dynamics and control/electrical power industry professionals, Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids is a comprehensive guide to the recent developments in grid dynamics and control and highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply.

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application
A Book

by Fusheng Li,Ruisheng Li,Fengquan Zhou

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-08-27
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 0128036303
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is based on the authors’ research and microgrid projects since 2009, and is the most up-to-date resource on the development of microgrid technologies. In addition to basic facility and network design concepts, it covers related subjects including power supply programming and energy optimization, which means it can serve as a single volume reference to the complete microgrid system implementation. Provides a systematic introduction to the basic concepts, key technologies, and practical design methods of microgrids Covers the theoretical design and implementation of microgrid facilities, including practical operational issues, monitoring and control. The balance of theoretical and applied content will be of real value to engineers who are specifying and design systems in regions with limited experience of microgrid systems Includes real-life examples and projects to help implement the content effectively

Smart Grid

Smart Grid
Concepts To Design

by K S MANOJ

  • Publisher : Notion Press
  • Release : 2020-01-03
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 1646780000
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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All basic knowledge is provided for the Energy Engineers and the Electrical, Electronics, Computer and Instrumentation Engineering students, who work or wish to work, in Smart Grid and Microgrid area. It benefits them in obtaining essential and required understanding of the Smart Grid, from perceptions to actualisation. The book: • Presents the Smart Grid from abstraction to materialization. • Covers power grid networks, including how they are developed and deployed for power delivery and other Smart Grid services. • Discusses power systems, advanced communications, and required machine learning that define the Smart Grid. • Clearly differentiates the Smart Grid from the traditional power grid as it has been for the last century. • Provides the reader with a fundamental understanding of both physical-cyber -security and computer networking. • Presents the complexity and operational requirements of the evolving Smart Grid to the ICT professional and presents the same for ICT to the energy engineers. • Provides a detailed description of the cyber vulnerabilities and mitigation techniques of the Smart Grid. • Provides essential information for technocrats to make progress in the field and to allow power system engineers to optimize communication systems for the Smart Grid. • Is a suitable material for the undergraduate and post graduate students of electrical engineering to learn the fundamentals of Smart Grid.

Smart Grid Security

Smart Grid Security
An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid

by Gilbert N. Sorebo,Michael C. Echols

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-02-02
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 146651650X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Smart Grid has the potential to revolutionize electricity delivery systems, and the security of its infrastructure is a vital concern not only for cyber-security practitioners, engineers, policy makers, and utility executives, but also for the media and consumers. Smart Grid Security: An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid explores the important techniques, challenges, and forces that will shape how we achieve a secure twenty-first century electric grid. Includes a Foreword by Michael Assante, President and CEO, National Board of Information Security Examiners Following an overview of the components of the Smart Grid, the book delves into the evolution of security standards and regulations and examines ways in which the Smart Grid might be regulated. The authors discuss the technical details about how metering technology is being implemented and the likely threats and vulnerabilities that utilities will face. They address the home area network (HAN) and examine distribution and transmission—the foundation for the delivery of electricity, along with distributed generation, micro-grids, and operations. The book explores future concepts—such as energy storage and the use of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)—in addition to the concomitant risk for fraud and manipulation with stored energy. Consumer-related issues are discussed as they pertain to emerging ways of receiving and generating energy. The book examines dysfunctions ranging from inadvertent outages to cyber-attack and presents recommendations on how to respond to these incidents. It concludes with speculation of future cyber-security challenges and discusses new ways that the grid can be defended, such as better key management and protection. Written in a style rigorous enough for the practitioner yet accessible to a broad audience, this comprehensive volume covers a topic that is becoming more critical to industry and consumers everywhere.