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Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids
Integration, Challenges and Optimization

by Rajeev Kumar Chauhan,Kalpana Chauhan

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-08-17
  • Pages : 554
  • ISBN : 0128177756
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids: Integration, Challenges and Optimization unifies classically unconnected aspects of microgrids by considering them alongside economic analysis and stability testing. In addition, the book presents well-founded mathematical analyses on how to technically and economically optimize microgrids via distributed energy resource integration. Researchers and engineers in the power and energy sector will find this information useful for combined scientific and economical approaches to microgrid integration. Specific sections cover microgrid performance, including key technical elements, such as control design, stability analysis, power quality, reliability and resiliency in microgrid operation. Addresses the challenges related to the integration of renewable energy resources Includes examples of control algorithms adopted during integration Presents detailed methods of optimization to enhance successful integration

Integration of Renewable Distributed Energy Resources Into Microgrids

Integration of Renewable Distributed Energy Resources Into Microgrids
A Book

by Rui Huang

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 163
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although the existing traditional power grid can maintain an instantaneous balance between supply and demand, it is constantly facing many problems such as energy crisis, environmental pollution and instable centralized control mode. Regarding to these problems, pioneers have been making efforts in developing microgrid. One key driver of establishing the need of microgrid in research of smart grid is the renewable distributed energy resources. However, it is still challenging to properly integrate them. Primary limitations on renewable distributed energy resources include: intermittency and uncertainty, size and site-dependent, as well as information exchange standardization. In the thesis, author proposes several solutions to address the above-mentioned problems. It includes the study on current status of integration of renewable distributed energy sources into microgrids, the mathematical modeling of each renewable resource such as solar PV panel and wind turbine with energy storage management, the development of forecasting methods by auto-regressive moving average model and persistence method, the design and solution of the optimal sizing and placement of renewable distributed energy by genetic algorithm and nonlinear programming, as well as integration of IEC 61850 into the communication network of the microgrid as a standardization of information exchange. The approaches are performed and validated on three microgrid test beds, to support the fact that renewable distributed energy generation can be gradually and properly integrated into the power grid.

Microgrid Modeling Using the Stochastic Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model DER-CAM.

Microgrid Modeling Using the Stochastic Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model DER-CAM.
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microgrid Architectures, Control and Protection Methods

Microgrid Architectures, Control and Protection Methods
A Book

by Naser Mahdavi Tabatabaei,Ersan Kabalci,Nicu Bizon

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-08-01
  • Pages : 781
  • ISBN : 3030237230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents intuitive explanations of the principles of microgrids, including their structure and operation and their applications. It also discusses the latest research on microgrid control and protection technologies and the essentials of microgrids as well as enhanced communication systems. The book provides solutions to microgrid operation and planning issues using various methodologies including planning and modelling; AC and DC hybrid microgrids; energy storage systems in microgrids; and optimal microgrid operational planning. Written by specialists, it is filled in innovative solutions and research related to microgrid operation, making it a valuable resource for those interested in developing updated approaches in electric power analysis, design and operational strategies. Thanks to its in-depth explanations and clear, three-part structure, it is useful for electrical engineering students, researchers and technicians.

Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems

Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems
Optimal Operation and Planning

by Giorgio Graditi,Marialaura Di Somma

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-02-27
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 0128242140
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems: Optimal Operation and Planning reviews research and policy developments surrounding the optimal operation and planning of DER in the context of local integrated energy systems in the presence of multiple energy carriers, vectors and multi-objective requirements. This assessment is carried out by analyzing impacts and benefits at local levels, and in distribution networks and larger systems. These frameworks represent valid tools to provide support in the decision-making process for DER operation and planning. Uncertainties of RES generation and loads in optimal DER scheduling are addressed, along with energy trading and blockchain technologies. Interactions among various energy carriers in local energy systems are investigated in scalable and flexible optimization models for adaptation to a number of real contexts thanks to the wide variety of generation, conversion and storage technologies considered, the exploitation of demand side flexibility, emerging technologies, and through the general mathematical formulations established. Integrates multi-energy DER, including electrical and thermal distributed generation, demand response, electric vehicles, storage and RES in the context of local integrated energy systems Fosters the integration of DER in the electricity markets through the concepts of DER aggregation Addresses the challenges of emerging paradigms as energy communities and energy blockchain applications in the current and future energy landscape Proposes operation optimization models and methods through multi-objective approaches for fostering short- and long-run sustainability of local energy systems Assesses and models the uncertainties of renewable resources and intermittent loads in the short-term decision-making process for smart decentralized energy systems

Microgrids

Microgrids
Architectures and Control

by Nikos Hatziargyriou

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-03-03
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 1118720687
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microgrids are the most innovative area in the electric power industry today. Future microgrids could exist as energy-balanced cells within existing power distribution grids or stand-alone power networks within small communities. A definitive presentation on all aspects of microgrids, this text examines the operation of microgrids – their control concepts and advanced architectures including multi-microgrids. It takes a logical approach to overview the purpose and the technical aspects of microgrids, discussing the social, economic and environmental benefits to power system operation. The book also presents microgrid design and control issues, including protection and explaining how to implement centralized and decentralized control strategies. Key features: original, state-of-the-art research material written by internationally respected contributors unique case studies demonstrating success stories from real-world pilot sites from Europe, the Americas, Japan and China examines market and regulatory settings for microgrids, and provides evaluation results under standard test conditions a look to the future – technical solutions to maximize the value of distributed energy along with the principles and criteria for developing commercial and regulatory frameworks for microgrids Offering broad yet balanced coverage, this volume is an entry point to this very topical area of power delivery for electric power engineers familiar with medium and low voltage distribution systems, utility operators in microgrids, power systems researchers and academics. It is also a useful reference for system planners and operators, manufacturers and network operators, government regulators, and postgraduate power systems students. CONTRIBUTORS Thomas Degner Aris Dimeas Alfred Engler Nuno Gil Asier Gil de Muro Guillermo Jiménez-Estévez George Kariniotakis George Korres André Madureira Meiqin Mao Chris Marnay Jose Miguel Yarza Satoshi Morozumi Alexander Oudalov Frank van Overbeeke Rodrigo Palma Behnke Joao Abel Pecas Lopes Fernanda Resende John Romankiewicz Christine Schwaegerl Nikos Soultanis Liang Tao Antonis Tsikalakis

Microgrid Technologies

Microgrid Technologies
A Book

by C. Sharmeela,P. Sivaraman,P. Sanjeevikumar,Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-03-11
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 1119710626
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microgrid technology is an emerging area, and it has numerous advantages over the conventional power grid. A microgrid is defined as Distributed Energy Resources (DER) and interconnected loads with clearly defined electrical boundaries that act as a single controllable entity concerning the grid. Microgrid technology enables the connection and disconnection of the system from the grid. That is, the microgrid can operate both in grid-connected and islanded modes of operation. Microgrid technologies are an important part of the evolving landscape of energy and power systems. Many aspects of microgrids are discussed in this volume, including, in the early chapters of the book, the various types of energy storage systems, power and energy management for microgrids, power electronics interface for AC & DC microgrids, battery management systems for microgrid applications, power system analysis for microgrids, and many others. The middle section of the book presents the power quality problems in microgrid systems and its mitigations, gives an overview of various power quality problems and its solutions, describes the PSO algorithm based UPQC controller for power quality enhancement, describes the power quality enhancement and grid support through a solar energy conversion system, presents the fuzzy logic-based power quality assessments, and covers various power quality indices. The final chapters in the book present the recent advancements in the microgrids, applications of Internet of Things (IoT) for microgrids, the application of artificial intelligent techniques, modeling of green energy smart meter for microgrids, communication networks for microgrids, and other aspects of microgrid technologies. Valuable as a learning tool for beginners in this area as well as a daily reference for engineers and scientists working in the area of microgrids, this is a must-have for any library.

Planning, Operation, Protection and Restoration Strategies for Microgrids with Distributed Energy Resources

Planning, Operation, Protection and Restoration Strategies for Microgrids with Distributed Energy Resources
A Book

by Wei Kou

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Integration or interconnection of distributed energy resources (DER) is evolving as an emerging power scenario for electric power generation, transmission and distribution infrastructure globally. As DER applications penetrates into the conventional bulk power systems, the following technical problems and challenges have been considered by the utility operators and DER providers: 1) sizing and locating for DERs in the planning stage; 2) demand-side management for DER-dominated microgrid in the steady-state operation stage; 3) protection control for inverter-interfaced DER in the transient dynamic stage; and 4) restoration service with DER participants in the restoration stage. To overcome the above difficulties, four novel approaches are presented in this dissertation: 1. A combined strategy to determine the optimal location of PV distributed generation units (PV-DGs): Economic optimization and power system stability are considered together to decide the capacities, quantities, and locations of PV-DGs. 2. A distributed demand response (DR) algorithm to realize peak load shaving in a campus microgrid: A decentralized DR model is developed to realize peak load shaving under the incentive of minimizing the affected population caused by the load interruption. 3. Fault ride through (FRT) technique for inverter-interfaced DER integration into the bulk power system: To provide fault current management and increase the system reliability in the transient dynamic stage, a natural reference frame based FRT technique is developed. 4. A game-theoretic approach for DER energy trading in the restoration service: It offers system operators an important decision support on energy dispatching during restoration service.

Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems and Microgrids

Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems and Microgrids
A Book

by Ersan Kabalci

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-11-21
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN : 012823248X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems and Microgrids covers the modeling and analysis for each type of integrated and operational hybrid energy system. Looking at the fundamentals for conventional energy systems, decentralized generation systems, RES technologies and hybrid integration of RES power plants, the most important contribution this book makes is combining emerging energy systems that improve micro and smart grid systems and their components. Sections cover traditional system characteristics, features, challenges and benefits of hybrid energy systems over the conventional power grid, the deployment of emerging power electronic technologies, and up-to-date electronic devices and systems, including AC and DC waveforms. Conventional, emerging and hierarchical control methods and technologies applied in microgrid operations are covered to give researchers and practitioners the information needed to ensure reliability, resilience and flexibility of implemented hybrid energy systems. Presents detailed contents on emerging power networks provided by decentralized and distributed generation approaches Covers driving factors, photovoltaic based power plant modeling and planning studies Introduces hierarchical control methods and technologies applied in microgrid operations to ensure reliability, resilience and flexibility of hybrid energy systems

Microgrid

Microgrid
Advanced Control Methods and Renewable Energy System Integration

by Magdi S Mahmoud

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-10-24
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 0081012624
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microgrids: Advanced Control Methods and Renewable Energy System Integration demonstrates the state-of-art of methods and applications of microgrid control, with eleven concise and comprehensive chapters. The first three chapters provide an overview of the control methods of microgrid systems that is followed by a review of distributed control and management strategies for the next generation microgrids. Next, the book identifies future research directions and discusses the hierarchical power sharing control in DC Microgrids. Chapter 4 investigates the demand side management in microgrid control systems from various perspectives, followed by an outline of the operation and controls of the smart microgrids in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 deals with control of low-voltage microgrids with master/slave architecture. The final chapters explain the load-Frequency Controllers for Distributed Power System Generation Units and the issue of robust control design for VSIs, followed by a communication solution denoted as power talk. Finally, in Chapter 11, real-time implementation of distributed control for an autonomous microgrid system is performed. Addresses issues of contemporary interest to practitioners in the power engineering and management fields Focuses on the role of microgrids within the overall power system structure and attempts to clarify the main findings relating to primary and secondary control and management at the microgrid level Provides results from a quantified assessment of benefits from economic, environmental, operational, and social point-of-views Presents the hierarchical control levels manifested in microgrid operations and evaluates the principles and main functions of centralized and decentralized control

Microgrids

Microgrids
Advances in Operation, Control, and Protection

by Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam,Hamdi Abdi,Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo,Nikos Hatziargyriou

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-04-16
  • Pages : 643
  • ISBN : 3030597504
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive overview on the latest developments in the control, operation, and protection of microgrids. It provides readers with a solid approach to analyzing and understanding the salient features of modern control and operation management techniques applied to these systems, and presents practical methods with examples and case studies from actual and modeled microgrids. The book also discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids, and local energy markets while addressing various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers who are focused on control concepts, AC, DC, and AC/DC microgrids, as well as those working in the related areas of energy engineering, operations research and its applications to energy systems. Presents modern operation, control and protection techniques with applications to real world and emulated microgrids; Discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids and local energy markets; Addresses various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids.

Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems

Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems
A Sourcebook of Topologies, Control and Integration

by Sudipta Chakraborty,Marcelo G. Simões,William E. Kramer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-12
  • Pages : 609
  • ISBN : 1447151046
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While most books approach power electronics and renewable energy as two separate subjects, Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems takes an integrative approach; discussing power electronic converters topologies, controls and integration that are specific to the renewable and distributed energy system applications. An overview of power electronic technologies is followed by the introduction of various renewable and distributed energy resources that includes photovoltaics, wind, small hydroelectric, fuel cells, microturbines and variable speed generation. Energy storage systems such as battery and fast response storage systems are discussed along with application-specific examples. After setting forth the fundamentals, the chapters focus on more complex topics such as modular power electronics, microgrids and smart grids for integrating renewable and distributed energy. Emerging topics such as advanced electric vehicles and distributed control paradigm for power system control are discussed in the last two chapters. With contributions from subject matter experts, the diagrams and detailed examples provided in each chapter make Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems a sourcebook for electrical engineers and consultants working to deploy various renewable and distributed energy systems and can serve as a comprehensive guide for the upper-level undergraduates and graduate students across the globe.

Microgrids Design and Implementation

Microgrids Design and Implementation
A Book

by Antonio Carlos Zambroni de Souza,Miguel Castilla

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-29
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 3319986872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses the emerging trend of smart grids in power systems. It discusses the advent of smart grids and selected technical implications; further, by combining the perspectives of researchers from Europe and South America, the book captures the status quo of and approaches to smart grids in a wide range of countries. It describes the basic concepts, enabling readers to understand the theoretical aspects behind smart grid formation, while also examining current challenges and philosophical discussions. Like the industrial revolution and the birth of the Internet, smart grids are certain to change the way people use electricity. In this regard, a new term – the “prosumer” – is used to describe consumers who may sometimes also be energy producers. This is particularly appealing if we bear in mind that most of the distributed power generation in smart grids does not involve carbon emissions. At first glance, the option of generating their own power could move consumers to leave their current energy provider. Yet the authors argue that doing so is not a wise choice: utilities will play a central role in this new scenario and should not be ignored.

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application
A Book

by Fusheng Li,Ruisheng Li,Fengquan Zhou

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-08-27
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 0128036303
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is based on the authors’ research and microgrid projects since 2009, and is the most up-to-date resource on the development of microgrid technologies. In addition to basic facility and network design concepts, it covers related subjects including power supply programming and energy optimization, which means it can serve as a single volume reference to the complete microgrid system implementation. Provides a systematic introduction to the basic concepts, key technologies, and practical design methods of microgrids Covers the theoretical design and implementation of microgrid facilities, including practical operational issues, monitoring and control. The balance of theoretical and applied content will be of real value to engineers who are specifying and design systems in regions with limited experience of microgrid systems Includes real-life examples and projects to help implement the content effectively

Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018

Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018
A Book

by Pedro Faria,Zita Vale

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-01-21
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 3039281704
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Special Issue Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018 includes 13 papers, and is a continuation of the Special Issue Distributed Energy Resources Management. The success of the previous edition shows the unquestionable relevance of distributed energy resources in the operation of power and energy systems at both the distribution level and at the wider power system level. Improving the management of distributed energy resources makes it possible to accommodate the higher penetration of intermittent distributed generation and electric vehicle charging. Demand response programs, namely the ones with a distributed nature, allow the consumers to contribute to the increased system efficiency while receiving benefits. This book addresses the management of distributed energy resources, with a focus on methods and techniques to achieve an optimized operation, in order to aggregate the resources namely in the scope of virtual power players and other types of aggregators, and to remunerate them. The integration of distributed resources in electricity markets is also addressed as an enabler for their increased and efficient use.

Microgrid Design and Operation: Toward Smart Energy in Cities

Microgrid Design and Operation: Toward Smart Energy in Cities
A Book

by Federico Delfino ,Renato Procopio,Mansueto Rossi,Massimo Brignone,Michela Robba,Stefano Bracco

  • Publisher : Artech House
  • Release : 2018-08-31
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 1630811513
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the growth of renewable energy sources, microgrids have become a key component in the distribution of power to localized areas while connected to the traditional grid or operating in a disconnected island mode. Based on the extensive real-world experience of the authors, this cutting-edge resource provides a basis for the design, installation, and day-by-day management of microgrids. Professionals find coverage of the critical aspects they need to understand, from the initial planning and the selection of the most appropriate technologies and equipment, to optimal management and real-time control. Moreover, this forward-looking book places emphasis on new architectures of the energy systems of the future. Written in accessible language with practical examples, the book explains advanced topics such as optimization algorithms for energy management systems, control issues for both on-grid and island mode, and microgrid protection. Practitioners are also provided with a complete vision for the deployment of the microgrid in smart cities.

Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks

Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks
A Book

by Kazem Zare,Sayyad Nojavan

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-06-05
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 0128148926
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks defines the barriers and challenges of smart distribution networks, ultimately proposing optimal solutions for addressing them. The book considers their use as an important part of future electrical power systems and their ability to improve the local flexibility and reliability of electrical systems. It carefully defines the concept as a radial network with a cluster of distributed energy generations, various types of loads, and energy storage systems. In addition, the book details how the huge penetration of distributed energy resources and the intermittent nature of renewable generations may cause system problems. Readers will find this to be an important resource that analyzes and introduces the features and problems of smart distribution networks from different aspects. Integrates different types of elements, including electrical vehicles, demand response programs, and various renewable energy sources in distribution networks Proposes optimal operational models for the short-term performance and scheduling of a distribution network Discusses the uncertainties of renewable resources and intermittent load in the decision-making process for distribution networks

Integration of Distributed Energy Resources in Power Systems

Integration of Distributed Energy Resources in Power Systems
Implementation, Operation and Control

by Toshihisa Funabashi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-03-23
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN : 0128032138
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Integration of Distributed Energy Resources in Power Systems: Implementation, Operation and Control covers the operation of power transmission and distribution systems and their growing difficulty as the share of renewable energy sources in the world’s energy mix grows and the proliferation trend of small scale power generation becomes a reality. The book gives students at the graduate level, as well as researchers and power engineering professionals, an understanding of the key issues necessary for the development of such strategies. It explores the most relevant topics, with a special focus on transmission and distribution areas. Subjects such as voltage control, AC and DC microgrids, and power electronics are explored in detail for all sources, while not neglecting the specific challenges posed by the most used variable renewable energy sources. Presents the most relevant aspects of the integration of distributed energy into power systems, with special focus on the challenges for transmission and distribution Explores the state-of the-art in applications of the most current technology, giving readers a clear roadmap Deals with the technical and economic features of distributed energy resources and discusses their business models

Advanced Control of Power Converters for Efficient Use of Distributed Energy Resources in Future Smart Microgrids

Advanced Control of Power Converters for Efficient Use of Distributed Energy Resources in Future Smart Microgrids
A Book

by Alessandro Costabeber

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optimum Energy Resource Scheduling in a Microgrid Using a Distributed Algorithm Framework

Optimum Energy Resource Scheduling in a Microgrid Using a Distributed Algorithm Framework
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Highlights: A distributed energy management method for a microgrid is proposed. Optimal power flow problem within distributed algorithm is considered. Alternating Direction. Method of the multiplier (ADMM) algorithm is presented. Abstract: Smart Energy Management System (SEMS) as the mastermind of microgrid is a robust software to manage both demands and generation units. Moreover, SEMS sets optimal regulations between different energy resources. A centralized solution for MG energy management system requires high computational capabilities due to a non-linear and discrete nature of the problem. In this paper, a distributed energy management system called Alternating Direction Method of the multiplier (ADMM) has been proposed in order to jointly schedule the central controller as well as local controllers. The algorithm considers optimal power flow equations within the distributed energy management problem. The proposed distributed algorithm has been investigated on a typical MG and the efficiency of the algorithm has been evidenced through case studies. Our findings show that the proposed method decrease the operational cost of MG.