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Distributed Generation Systems

Distributed Generation Systems
Design, Operation and Grid Integration

by Gevork B. Gharehpetian,S. Mohammad Mousavi Agah

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2017-05-19
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN : 012804263X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Distributed Generation Systems: Design, Operation and Grid Integration closes the information gap between recent research on distributed generation and industrial plants, and provides solutions to their practical problems and limitations. It provides a clear picture of operation principles of distributed generation units, not only focusing on the power system perspective but targeting a specific need of the research community. This book is a useful reference for practitioners, featuring worked examples and figures on principal types of distributed generation with an emphasis on real-world examples, simulations, and illustrations. The book uses practical exercises relating to the concepts of operating and integrating DG units to distribution networks, and helps engineers accurately design systems and reduce maintenance costs. Provides examples and datasheets of principal systems and commercial data in MATLAB Presents guidance for accurate system designs and maintenance costs Identifies trouble shooting references for engineers Closes the information gap between recent research on distributed generation and industrial plants

Distributed Generation

Distributed Generation
Systems, Performance and Emerging

by Tao Lin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017-05-01
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 9781536110746
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book systematically discusses (a) Distributed Generation (DG), which operates in a single, stand-alone controllable system mode, and (b) the Microgrid (MG) powered by DG, along with the technical concepts, the impact on power systems, control and optimisation techniques, and their applications. It includes ten chapters that focus on the following five aspects: 1) An overview of distributed generation is introduced in Chapter One, and the technical concept of the microgrid is introduced in Chapter Eight with detail; 2) As the main element of distributed generation (DG), a smart inverter system for the control of active and reactive power in a grid-tied mode, which is treated as an interface between grid and the RES (Renewable Energy System), is studied concretely in Chapter Two; 3) The influence of distributed generation on power systems, including the impact of DG on the planning and operation of power systems, the impact of DG on power quality, and power system protection are concretely described and analysed in Chapters Three, Four and Five, respectively; ) The control and optimisation technologies for DG and MG. These techniques include: the Economic Model Predictive Control (EMPC) strategy for the solution of pricing management in community-based microgrids (MGs), which consider economic benefits as the control and optimisation objects; the distributed control and optimisation techniques for islanded microgrids (MGs) that consider stability as the control and optimisation objects; the intelligent load shedding for stability enhancement in an autonomous microgrid; and the recovery (restoration) control after a contingency situation. These are all investigated in Chapters Six, Seven, Eight and Nine, respectively; 5) The applications of renewable energy technology, such as efficient artisanal light fishing technologies that exploit lake light physics and light-fish interactions, are specifically presented in Chapter Ten.

Essentials of Distributed Generation Systems

Essentials of Distributed Generation Systems
A Book

by Gregory W. Massey

  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9780763751166
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Based on one of the hottest topics in the electrical industry, Essentials of Distributed Generation Systems provides a concise overview of the five most prominent distributed generation technologies in the market: solar power, wind power, fuel cells, microturbines, and engine-generators. Logically arranged, the first half of the text examines the strengths and weaknesses of each system, summarizing the components, operations, and limitations users will encounter with the use of these systems. A broader approach is taken in the second half of the book, with the author discussing common factors that affect each of the alternative technologies. With its accessible writing style and easy-to-use format, Essentials of Distributed Generation Systems is an ideal summary of available distributed generation systems and a helpfulon-the-job tool.

Integration of Distributed Generation in the Power System

Integration of Distributed Generation in the Power System
A Book

by Math H. Bollen

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-01-05
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 0470643374
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The integration of new sources of energy like wind power, solar-power, small-scale generation, or combined heat and power in the power grid is something that impacts a lot of stakeholders: network companies (both distribution and transmission), the owners and operators of the DG units, other end-users of the power grid (including normal consumers like you and me) and not in the least policy makers and regulators. There is a lot of misunderstanding about the impact of DG on the power grid, with one side (including mainly some but certainly not all, network companies) claiming that the lights will go out soon, whereas the other side (including some DG operators and large parks of the general public) claiming that there is nothing to worry about and that it's all a conspiracy of the large production companies that want to protect their own interests and keep the electricity price high. The authors are of the strong opinion that this is NOT the way one should approach such an important subject as the integration of new, more environmentally friendly, sources of energy in the power grid. With this book the authors aim to bring some clarity to the debate allowing all stakeholders together to move to a solution. This book will introduce systematic and transparent methods for quantifying the impact of DG on the power grid.

Energy Management of Distributed Generation Systems

Energy Management of Distributed Generation Systems
A Book

by Lucian Mihet-Popa

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-07-13
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 9535124730
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book contains 10 chapters, and it is divided into four sections. The first section includes three chapters, providing an overview of Energy Management of Distributed Systems. It outlines typical concepts, such as Demand-Side Management, Demand Response, Distributed, and Hierarchical Control for Smart Micro-Grids. The second section contains three chapters and presents different control algorithms, software architectures, and simulation tools dedicated to Energy Management Systems. In the third section, the importance and the role of energy storage technology in a Distribution System, describing and comparing different types of energy storage systems, is shown. The fourth section shows how to identify and address potential threats for a Home Energy Management System. Finally, the fifth section discusses about Economical Optimization of Operational Cost for Micro-Grids, pointing out the effect of renewable energy sources, active loads, and energy storage systems on economic operation.

Modelling and Control of Biomass and Photovoltaic Distributed Generation Systems

Modelling and Control of Biomass and Photovoltaic Distributed Generation Systems
A Book

by Nabila Ahmed Rufa'I

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems

Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems
A Book

by Magdi S. Mahmoud,Fouad M. AL-Sunni

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-05-14
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN : 3319169106
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text is an introduction to the use of control in distributed power generation. It shows the reader how reliable control can be achieved so as to realize the potential of small networks of diverse energy sources, either singly or in coordination, for meeting concerns of energy cost, energy security and environmental protection. The book demonstrates how such microgrids, interconnecting groups of generating units and loads within a local area, can be an effective means of balancing electrical supply and demand. It takes advantage of the ability to connect and disconnect microgrids from the main body of the power grid to give flexibility in response to special events, planned or unplanned. In order to capture the main opportunities for expanding the power grid and to present the plethora of associated open problems in control theory Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems is organized to treat three key themes, namely: system architecture and integration; modelling and analysis; and communications and control. Each chapter makes use of examples and simulations and appropriate problems to help the reader study. Tools helpful to the reader in accessing the mathematical analysis presented within the main body of the book are given in an appendix. Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems will enable readers new to the field of distributed power generation and networked control, whether experienced academic migrating from another field or graduate student beginning a research career, to familiarize themselves with the important points of the control and regulation of microgrids. It will also be useful for practising power engineers wishing to keep abreast of changes in power grids necessitated by the diversification of generating methods.

Grid-Integrated and Standalone Photovoltaic Distributed Generation Systems

Grid-Integrated and Standalone Photovoltaic Distributed Generation Systems
Analysis, Design, and Control

by Bo Zhao,Caisheng Wang,Xuesong Zhang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-10-12
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 1119187362
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A practical and systematic elaboration on the analysis, design and control of grid integrated and standalone distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation systems, with Matlab and Simulink models Analyses control of distribution networks with high penetration of PV systems and standalone microgrids with PV systems Covers in detail PV accommodation techniques including energy storage, demand side management and PV output power regulation Features examples of real projects/systems given in OPENDSS codes and/or Matlab and Simulink models Provides a concise summary of up-to-date research around the word in distributed PV systems

Small Scale Power Generation Handbook

Small Scale Power Generation Handbook
Towards Distributed Energy Systems

by Umberto Desideri,Lorenzo Ferrari

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-02-02
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 0128232412
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Small Scale Power Generation Handbook: Towards Distributed Energy Systems is a technological assessment of small-scale power in one reference, covering various technologies that can be applied to construct small power generation, each with their unique characteristics of operation, maintenance, control and integration within the grid. Addressing how conventional generation can be jointly and efficiently operated with renewable energy sources in small scale power sources, the specific peculiarities of small-scale power are considered in terms of performance, availability and reliability, all in relation to the current trend of incorporating small and distributed power plants using different energy sources and fuels. This book provides technological advances along with the critical issues and economic performance of small size power plants of all types in a single source, making it relevant for professionals involved in the design of small-scale power generation systems and those interested in current energy system design. Compares the advantages and weaknesses of small-scale power production with a focus on new challenges for grid integration Critically analyzes different technology issues surrounding operation, maintenance and control Includes small-scale power generation technology examples and global case studies

Distributed Energy Management of Electrical Power Systems

Distributed Energy Management of Electrical Power Systems
A Book

by Yinliang Xu,Wei Zhang,Wenxin Liu,Wen Yu

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-01-13
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1119534887
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Go in-depth with this comprehensive discussion of distributed energy management Distributed Energy Management of Electrical Power Systems provides the most complete analysis of fully distributed control approaches and their applications for electric power systems available today. Authored by four respected leaders in the field, the book covers the technical aspects of control, operation management, and optimization of electric power systems. In each chapter, the book covers the foundations and fundamentals of the topic under discussion. It then moves on to more advanced applications. Topics reviewed in the book include: System-level coordinated control Optimization of active and reactive power in power grids The coordinated control of distributed generation, elastic load and energy storage systems Distributed Energy Management incorporates discussions of emerging and future technologies and their potential effects on electrical power systems. The increased impact of renewable energy sources is also covered. Perfect for industry practitioners and graduate students in the field of power systems, Distributed Energy Management remains the leading reference for anyone with an interest in its fascinating subject matter.

Handbook of Distributed Generation

Handbook of Distributed Generation
Electric Power Technologies, Economics and Environmental Impacts

by Ramesh Bansal

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-03-07
  • Pages : 819
  • ISBN : 3319513435
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book features extensive coverage of all Distributed Energy Generation technologies, highlighting the technical, environmental and economic aspects of distributed resource integration, such as line loss reduction, protection, control, storage, power electronics, reliability improvement, and voltage profile optimization. It explains how electric power system planners, developers, operators, designers, regulators and policy makers can derive many benefits with increased penetration of distributed generation units into smart distribution networks. It further demonstrates how to best realize these benefits via skillful integration of distributed energy sources, based upon an understanding of the characteristics of loads and network configuration.

Reliability Assessment of Distributed Generation Systems Using Monte Carlo Simulation

Reliability Assessment of Distributed Generation Systems Using Monte Carlo Simulation
A Book

by Tejal Kanitkar

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Distributed Generation

Distributed Generation
A Book

by Dattatraya Gaonkar

  • Publisher : IntechOpen
  • Release : 2010-02-01
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 9789533070469
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the recent years the electrical power utilities have undergone rapid restructuring process worldwide. Indeed, with deregulation, advancement in technologies and concern about the environmental impacts, competition is particularly fostered in the generation side, thus allowing increased interconnection of generating units to the utility networks. These generating sources are called distributed generators (DG) and defined as the plant which is directly connected to distribution network and is not centrally planned and dispatched. These are also called embedded or dispersed generation units. The rating of the DG systems can vary between few kW to as high as 100 MW. Various new types of distributed generator systems, such as microturbines and fuel cells in addition to the more traditional solar and wind power are creating significant new opportunities for the integration of diverse DG systems to the utility. Interconnection of these generators will offer a number of benefits such as improved reliability, power quality, efficiency, alleviation of system constraints along with the environmental benefits. Unlike centralized power plants, the DG units are directly connected to the distribution system; most often at the customer end. The existing distribution networks are designed and operated in radial configuration with unidirectional power flow from centralized generating station to customers. The increase in interconnection of DG to utility networks can lead to reverse power flow violating fundamental assumption in their design. This creates complexity in operation and control of existing distribution networks and offers many technical challenges for successful introduction of DG systems. Some of the technical issues are islanding of DG, voltage regulation, protection and stability of the network. Some of the solutions to these problems include designing standard interface control for individual DG systems by taking care of their diverse characteristics, finding new ways to/or install and control these DG systems and finding new design for distribution system. DG has much potential to improve distribution system performance. The use of DG strongly contributes to a clean, reliable and cost effective energy for future. This book deals with several aspects of the DG systems such as benefits, issues, technology interconnected operation, performance studies, planning and design. Several authors have contributed to this book aiming to benefit students, researchers, academics, policy makers and professionals. We are indebted to all the people who either directly or indirectly contributed towards the publication of this book.

Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems

Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems
A Sourcebook of Topologies, Control and Integration

by Sudipta Chakraborty,Marcelo G. Simões,William E. Kramer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-12
  • Pages : 609
  • ISBN : 1447151046
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While most books approach power electronics and renewable energy as two separate subjects, Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems takes an integrative approach; discussing power electronic converters topologies, controls and integration that are specific to the renewable and distributed energy system applications. An overview of power electronic technologies is followed by the introduction of various renewable and distributed energy resources that includes photovoltaics, wind, small hydroelectric, fuel cells, microturbines and variable speed generation. Energy storage systems such as battery and fast response storage systems are discussed along with application-specific examples. After setting forth the fundamentals, the chapters focus on more complex topics such as modular power electronics, microgrids and smart grids for integrating renewable and distributed energy. Emerging topics such as advanced electric vehicles and distributed control paradigm for power system control are discussed in the last two chapters. With contributions from subject matter experts, the diagrams and detailed examples provided in each chapter make Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems a sourcebook for electrical engineers and consultants working to deploy various renewable and distributed energy systems and can serve as a comprehensive guide for the upper-level undergraduates and graduate students across the globe.

Power Quality and Distributed Generation

Power Quality and Distributed Generation
A Book

by P. Jayaprakash,D. P. Kothari

  • Publisher : Alpha Science International, Limited
  • Release : 2019-12-15
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9781783325443
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is intended as reading material to enhance the fundamentals of power quality issues, standards and various solutions. The importance of power quality in the distributed generation systems is also discussed as are various power quality issues such as sag, swell, interruptions, transients, harmonics etc. The fundamentals of power quality compensation along with carious power electronics-based solutions for power quality are discussed. The proliferation of distributed generation in the systems raises a question on power quality caused by these systems as well as the effect of power quality issues on distributed generation systems.

Voltage Control in Distributed Generation Systems Based on Complex Network Approach

Voltage Control in Distributed Generation Systems Based on Complex Network Approach
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: In this paper, a new approach for modeling of voltage control problem in distributed generation systems based on the complex network theory is proposed. Distributed generationsystems (DGS) including renewable energy sources are highly complex nonlinear dynamical systems by nature. There are many theoretical and practical challenges to apply the existing control technologies to them. The novel approach, introduced in this paper, embeds the complex network theory into the voltage control problem of DGS; i.e. the voltage control of DGS is introduced as a synchronization problem in complex networks. Complex network methodology shows a promising simplification inthe analysis as well as timely response in large-scale systems. Thanks to the well-developed graph theory as well as advancements in control of multi-agent systems, the model presented in this paper, candealwith real-time hierarchical multi-objective requirements of control problems in DGS. Finally, the pinning control approach is applied to the model in order to solve the voltage synchronization problem of the microgrid.

Distributed Multi-generation Systems

Distributed Multi-generation Systems
Energy Models and Analyses

by Pierluigi Mancarella,Gianfranco Chicco

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9781604566888
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The recent development of distributed generation technologies is changing the focus of the production of electricity from large centralised power plants to local energy systems scattered over the territory. Under the distributed generation paradigm, the present research scenario emphasises more and more the role of solutions aimed at improving the energy generation efficiency and thus the sustainability of the overall energy sector. In particular, coupling local cogeneration systems to various typologies of chillers and heat pumps allows setting up distributed multi-generation systems for combined production of different energy vectors such as electricity, heat (at different enthalpy levels), cooling power, and so forth. The generation of the final demand energy outputs close to the users enables reducing the losses occurring in the energy chain conversion and distribution, as well as enhancing the overall generation efficiency. This book presents a comprehensive introduction to energy planning and performance assessment of energy systems within the so-called Distributed Multi-Generation (DMG) framework. Typical plant schemes and components are illustrated and modelled, with special focus on applications for trigeneration of electricity, heat and cooling power. A general approach to characterisation and planning of multi-generation systems is formulated in terms of the so-called lambda analysis, which extends the classical models related to the heat-to-power cogeneration ratio analysis in cogeneration plants. A unified theoretical framework leading to synthesise different performance assessment techniques is described in details. In particular, different indicators are presented for evaluating the potential energy benefits of distributed multi-generation systems with respect to classical case of separate production and centralised energy systems. Several case study applications are illustrated to exemplify the models presented and to point out some numerical aspects relevant to equipment available on the market. In particular, schemes with different cogeneration prime mover typologies, as well as electric, absorption and engine-driven chillers and heat pumps, are discussed and evaluated. A number of openings towards modelling and evaluation of environmental and economic issues are also provided. The aspects analysed highlight the prominent role of DMG systems towards the development of more sustainable energy scenarios.

Power Electronics in Smart Electrical Energy Networks

Power Electronics in Smart Electrical Energy Networks
A Book

by Ryszard Michal Strzelecki

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-08-29
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 1848003188
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Power Electronics in Smart Electrical Energy Networks” introduces a new viewpoint on power electronics, re-thinking the basic philosophy governing electricity distribution systems. The proposed concept fully exploits the potential advantages of renewable energy sources and distributed generation (DG), which should not only be connected but also fully integrated into the distribution system in order to increase the efficiency, flexibility, safety, reliability and quality of the electricity and the networks. The transformation of current electricity grids into smart (resilient and interactive) networks necessitates the development, propagation and demonstration of key enabling cost-competitive technologies. A must-read for professionals in power engineering and utility industries, and researchers and postgraduates in distributed electrical power systems, the book presents the features, solutions and applications of the power electronics arrangements useful for future smart electrical energy networks.

Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems

Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems
Optimal Operation and Planning

by Giorgio Graditi,Marialaura Di Somma

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-02-27
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 0128242140
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems: Optimal Operation and Planning reviews research and policy developments surrounding the optimal operation and planning of DER in the context of local integrated energy systems in the presence of multiple energy carriers, vectors and multi-objective requirements. This assessment is carried out by analyzing impacts and benefits at local levels, and in distribution networks and larger systems. These frameworks represent valid tools to provide support in the decision-making process for DER operation and planning. Uncertainties of RES generation and loads in optimal DER scheduling are addressed, along with energy trading and blockchain technologies. Interactions among various energy carriers in local energy systems are investigated in scalable and flexible optimization models for adaptation to a number of real contexts thanks to the wide variety of generation, conversion and storage technologies considered, the exploitation of demand side flexibility, emerging technologies, and through the general mathematical formulations established. Integrates multi-energy DER, including electrical and thermal distributed generation, demand response, electric vehicles, storage and RES in the context of local integrated energy systems Fosters the integration of DER in the electricity markets through the concepts of DER aggregation Addresses the challenges of emerging paradigms as energy communities and energy blockchain applications in the current and future energy landscape Proposes operation optimization models and methods through multi-objective approaches for fostering short- and long-run sustainability of local energy systems Assesses and models the uncertainties of renewable resources and intermittent loads in the short-term decision-making process for smart decentralized energy systems

Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Commercial Application Act of 2003

Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Commercial Application Act of 2003
report together with an additional view (to accompany H.R. 238) (including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office).

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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