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Dominance and Aggression in Humans and Other Animals

Dominance and Aggression in Humans and Other Animals
The Great Game of Life

by Henry R. Hermann

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-01-05
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN : 0128092955
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dominance and Aggression in Humans and Other Animals: The Great Game of Life examines human nature and the influence of evolution, genetics, chemistry, nurture, and the sociopolitical environment as a way of understanding how and why humans behave in aggressive and dominant ways. The book walks us through aggression in other social species, compares and contrasts human behavior to other animals, and then explores specific human behaviors like bullying, abuse, territoriality murder, and war. The book examines both individual and group aggression in different environments including work, school, and the home. It explores common stressors triggering aggressive behaviors, and how individual personalities can be vulnerable to, or resistant to, these stressors. The book closes with an exploration of the cumulative impact of human aggression and dominance on the natural world. Reviews the influence of evolution, genetics, biochemistry, and nurture on aggression Explores aggression in multiple species, including insects, fish, reptiles, birds, and mammals Compares human and animal aggressive and dominant behavior Examines bullying, abuse, territoriality, murder, and war Includes nonaggressive behavior in displays of respect and tolerance Highlights aggression triggers from drugs to stress Discusses individual and group behavior, including organizations and nations Probes dominance and aggression in religion and politics Translates the impact of human behavior over time on the natural world

Aggression in Humans and Other Primates

Aggression in Humans and Other Primates
Biology, Psychology, Sociology

by Hans-Henning Kortüm,Jürgen Heinze

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release : 2013-01-01
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 3110291363
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this work aggression and conflict in man and other primates are interpreted in the light of evolutionary biology and game theory models. Unitl now interdisciplinary collaboration between the humanities and the natural sciences has been rare and hampered by different methodologies and terminology. Nevertheless, such cooperation is essential for elucidating the causes and consequences of aggression in humans and in explaining what shape aggression takes in particular situations. The aim of this volume is to present empirical and theoretical studies from biologists and social scientists to create an interdisciplinary framework for understanding aggression.

Coalitions and Alliances in Humans and Other Animals

Coalitions and Alliances in Humans and Other Animals
A Book

by Lecturer Department of Anthropology Alexander H Harcourt,Alexander H. Harcourt,Frans B. M. Waal,Frans B. M. de Waal,Frans de Waal

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 531
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores in detail how and why animals, including humans, cooperate with one another in conflicts with other members of their own species, and examines the difference such help makes to their lives and to the nature of the societies in which they live.

The Dynamics of Aggression

The Dynamics of Aggression
Biological and Social Processes in Dyads and Groups

by Michael Potegal,John F. Knutson

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 349
  • ISBN : 9780805807295
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aggression usually involves a sequence of behaviors, reflecting escalations and de-escalations in the form or intensity of the actions taken, which play out over time. This book provides a context in which social and biological research on the aggressive behaviors of human and non-human subjects, interacting in dyads or groups, can be compared and integrated. Implicit in this juxtaposition is the major question of whether general principles governing the dynamics of aggression within and between episodes may be discerned. Aggressive behavior is described at different levels of analysis in humans and a number of other animal species. Three basic views of aggression dynamics become apparent: * The economic interpretation: Aggression will be escalated when it pays one of the combatants to do so or, more generally, when the potential benefits outweigh the risks. Decisions to escalate or de-escalate are part of a calculated "strategy", in one or another sense. This interpretation is formalized within game theoretic models as applied to animal conflicts and to international conflicts, within the chapters of this text. * The psychological process interpretation: Emphasis is placed on psychological/physiological processes within the individual. The chapters stress the importance of acute emotional states of anger and aggressive arousal and argue the role of peripheral sympathetic activation, while proposing a central neural mechanism. Children escalating their tantrums, adult humans and animals of other species intensifying their interpersonal conflicts, national leaders going to a war footing all appear to suffer a narrowing of attention and progressive failure of cognitive function under the intensifying stress of conflict. Perhaps these changes in attention, sensory and cognitive functions, and risk taking reflect a "commitment to aggression" which is necessary for organisms to engage in potentially dangerous and painful encounters. * The emergent process interpretation: Escalation emerges in a spontaneous and dynamic way as the actions of one participant elicit reactions from the other(s).

Communication in Humans and Other Animals

Communication in Humans and Other Animals
A Book

by Gisela Håkansson,Jennie Westander

  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
  • Release : 2013-06-27
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 9027272018
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Communication is a basic behaviour, found across animal species. Human language is often thought of as a unique system, which separates humans from other animals. This textbook serves as a guide to different types of communication, and suggests that each is unique in its own way: human verbal and nonverbal communication, communication in nonhuman primates, in dogs and in birds. Research questions and findings from different perspectives are summarized and integrated to show students similarities and differences in the rich diversity of communicative behaviours. A core topic is how young individuals proceed from not being able to communicate to reaching a state of competent communicators, and the role of adults in this developmental process. Evolutionary aspects are also taken into consideration, and ideas about the evolution of human language are examined. The cross-disciplinary nature of the book makes it useful for courses in linguistics, biology, sociology and psychology, but it is also valuable reading for anyone interested in understanding communicative behaviour.

Animals Make Us Human

Animals Make Us Human
Creating the Best Life for Animals

by Temple Grandin,Catherine Johnson

  • Publisher : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  • Release : 2010-01-12
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 0547393954
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How can we give animals the best life—for them? What does an animal need to be happy? In her groundbreaking, best-selling book Animals in Translation, Temple Grandin drew on her own experience with autism as well as her experience as an animal scientist to deliver extraordinary insights into how animals think, act, and feel. Now she builds on those insights to show us how to give our animals the best and happiest life—on their terms, not ours. Knowing what causes animals physical pain is usually easy, but pinpointing emotional distress is much harder. Drawing on the latest research and her own work, Grandin identifies the core emotional needs of animals and then explains how to fulfill the specific needs of dogs and cats, horses, farm animals, zoo animals, and even wildlife. Whether it’s how to make the healthiest environment for the dog you must leave alone most of the day, how to keep pigs from being bored, or how to know if the lion pacing in the zoo is miserable or just exercising, Grandin teaches us to challenge our assumptions about animal contentment and honor our bond with our fellow creatures. Animals Make Us Human is the culmination of almost thirty years of research, experimentation, and experience. This is essential reading for anyone who’s ever owned, cared for, or simply cared about an animal.

Human Nature

Human Nature
Innate Properties

by Stephen Gislason

  • Publisher : Persona Digital
  • Release : 2017-07-05
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1894787781
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Preface Being a human is challenging. Human life is a journey thorough time and space with many obstacles: injury, disease, constant uncertainty, and relentlessly difficult interactions with other humans, Each human is the reincarnation of a long-lineage of ancestors. Species memory, perceptual skills, needs, drives, feelings, desires and behaviors are built in and begin operating in utero. Humans evolved from primate ancestors and retained features of mind and behavior that have been present in animals for hundreds of millions of years. Urges, desires, designs, feelings cry out from within and often surprise us, as if we were the hosts to wild animals and spirits within that refuse to be identified or tamed. Human behavior can be understood in relation to the whole spectrum of primate behaviors and social organizations. Humans appear to have an eclectic combination of primate tendencies with elaboration of features such as tool making, symbolic reasoning and spoken language. Linda Stone suggested that: “Primates are a natural grouping of mammals that includes prosimians, tree-dwelling animals such as lemurs and tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans. Some of the physical characteristics that distinguish primates from other mammals are binocular vision and the grasping hand with mobile digits and flat nails. Evolutionary trends characteristic of the Primate Order are most pronounced in humans and include prolongation of gestation of the fetus, prolongation of the period of infant care, and expansion and elaboration of the brain. An important feature in the social life of many nonhuman primates is dominance and the formation of "dominance hierarchies."… a dominant animal wins aggressive encounters with others and usually has greater access to resources such as food, water, or sexual partners.“ Rather than viewing society and culture as real things, an observer can recognize that humans live in groups that repeat and modify innate behaviors to produce prolific variations on a few underlying themes that are common to all societies. A smart observer will consider the grouping characteristics of humans and discern basic patterns and problems underlying the apparent complexity of modern civilization. The organization of society begins with small local clusters that link family groups into clans that are more or less cooperative units. Clans associate, forming bands that tend to affiliate with other bands forming tribes, looser affiliations that occupy larger geographic areas. The band-tribal structure emerges from ancient animal groupings. Patterns of organization, rules, and institutions that regulate human behavior are in flux and will continue to be unstable. As human populations expand and interactions become increasingly complex, innate abilities are stretched and distorted. The ability of individuals to relate to other humans remains limited and limits the effective management of enlarging groups. Managers and leaders do not become smarter as the organizations they lead become larger. It is axiomatic that organizations that exceed a threshold number become dysfunctional. It is matter of empirical study to recognize group size thresholds, and too little is known about the cognitive limitations of leaders.

Aggression and Peacefulness in Humans and Other Primates

Aggression and Peacefulness in Humans and Other Primates
A Book

by James Silverberg,J. Patrick Gray

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 1992-03-19
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 9780195361230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the role of aggression in primate social systems and its implications for human behavior. Many people look to primate studies to see if and how we might be able to predict violent behavior in humans, or ultimately to control war. Of particular interest in the study of primate aggression are questions such as: how do primates use aggression to maintain social organization; what are the costs of aggression; why do some primates avoid aggressive behavior altogether. Students and researchers in primatology, behavioral biology, anthropology, and psychology will read with interest as the editors and contributors to this book address these and other basic research questions about aggression. They bring new information to the topic as well as an integrated view of aggression that combines important evolutionary considerations with developmental, sociological and cultural perspectives.

Wildhood

Wildhood
The Astounding Connections between Human and Animal Adolescents

by Barbara Natterson-Horowitz,Kathryn Bowers

  • Publisher : Scribner
  • Release : 2020-07-21
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1501164708
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A New York Times Editor’s Pick ** People Best Books ** Publishers Weekly Most Anticipated Books ** Chicago Tribune 28 Books You Need to Read Now ** “It blew my mind to discover that adolescent animals and humans are so similar…I loved this book!” —Temple Grandin, author of Animals Make Us Human and Animals in Translation A “vivid…and fascinating” (Los Angeles Times) investigation of human and animal adolescence from the New York Times bestselling authors of Zoobiquity. Harvard evolutionary biologist Barbara Natterson-Horowitz and animal behaviorist Kathryn Bowers studied thousands of wild species searching for evidence of human-like adolescence in other animals. With a groundbreaking synthesis of animal behavior, human psychology, and evolutionary biology, their research uncovered something remarkable: the same four high-stakes tests shape the destiny of every adolescent on planet Earth—how to be safe, how to navigate social hierarchies, how to connect romantically, and how to live independently. Safety. Status. Sex. Self-reliance. To bring these challenges to life, the authors analyzed GPS and radio collar data from four wild adolescent animals. Will a predator-naïve penguin become easy prey? Can a low-born hyena socialize his way to a better life? Did a young humpback choose the right mate? Will a newly independent grey wolf starve, or will he become self-reliant? The result is a game-changing perspective on anxiety, risky behavior, sexual first times, and leaving home that can help teenagers and young adults coming of age in a rapidly changing world. As they discover that “adolescence isn’t just for humans” through “rollicking tales of young animals navigating risk, social hierarchy, and sex with all the bravura (and dopiness) of our own teenage beasts” (People), readers will learn that in fact, this volatile and vulnerable phase of life creates the basis of adult confidence, success, and even happiness. This is an invaluable guide for parents, teenagers, and anyone who cares about adolescence, who will find “the similarities between animal and human teenagers uncanny, and the lessons they have to learn remarkably similar” (The New York Times Book Review).

The Animals of Spain

The Animals of Spain
An Introduction to Imperial Perceptions and Human Interaction with Other Animals, 1492-1826

by Abel Alves

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2011-07-14
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 9004193898
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An overlooked area in the burgeoning field of animal studies is explored: the way nonhuman animals in the early modern Spanish empire were valued companions, as well as economic resources. Montaigne was not alone in his appreciation of animal life.

Humans and Other Animals

Humans and Other Animals
Beyond the Boundaries of Anthropology

by Barbara Noske

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comparative Psychology

Comparative Psychology
Human and Animal Behaviour: A Sociobiological Approach

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
  • Release : 1996-11-11
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 1349137766
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Social Psychology

Social Psychology
A Book

by Saul Kassin,Steven Fein,Hazel Rose Markus

  • Publisher : Cengage Learning
  • Release : 2020-04-08
  • Pages : 816
  • ISBN : 0357122828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Kassin/Fein/Markus' SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 11th Edition, brings chapter concepts to life through a unique emphasis on current events in sports, music, entertainment, technology, social media, business, world politics and more. Combining scholarship with real-world illustrations, it helps you understand the field of social psychology through engaging connections to everyday life. Integrating both classic and emerging research, the text delivers comprehensive coverage of social cognition and applications to law, business, and health and well-being. In addition, author Hazel Rose Markus, a respected researcher in the study of cultural psychology, integrates culture and diversity topics into every chapter. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality

Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality
A Book

by Renee Elio

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2002-02-07
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0198033680
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As the eleventh volume in the New Directions in Cognitive Science series (formerly the Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science series), this work promises superb scholarship and interdisciplinary appeal. It addresses three areas of current and varied interest: common sense, reasoning, and rationality. While common sense and rationality often have been viewed as two distinct features in a unified cognitive map, this volume offers novel, even paradoxical, views of the relationship. Comprised of outstanding essays from distinguished philosophers, it considers what constitutes human rationality, behavior, and intelligence covering diverse areas of philosophy, psychology, cognitive science, and computer science. Indeed, it is at the forefront of cognitive research and promises to be of unprecedented influence across numerous disciplines.

Current Therapy in Equine Medicine - E-Book

Current Therapy in Equine Medicine - E-Book
A Book

by N. Edward Robinson,Kim A. Sprayberry

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2008-12-08
  • Pages : 1104
  • ISBN : 1437710093
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stay up-to-date on the latest advances and current issues in equine medicine with this handy reference for the busy equine practitioner, large animal veterinarian, or student. This edition of Current Therapy in Equine Medicine brings you thorough coverage and expert advice on selected topics in areas that have seen significant advances in the last 5 years. Content emphasizes the practical aspects of diagnosis and treatment and provides details for therapeutic regimens. Arranged primarily by body system, the text also features sections on infectious diseases, foal diseases, nutrition, and toxicology. With this cutting-edge information all in one reliable source, you’ll increase your awareness of key therapies in less time. Focuses on the latest therapy for equine diseases, emphasizing detailed discussions and the most reliable and current information. Organized approach to important problems brings you up-to-date, practical information organized by organ system. Concise, easy-to-read format saves you time; most articles provide essential information in 2 to 5 pages. Renowned group of contributors share their expertise on the timely topics you need to know about. Photos enhance information. Line drawings illustrate important concepts. NEW! Emerging topics include issues such as disinfection in equine hospitals; complimentary modalities to traditional medicine; chemotherapy for oncological diseases; and protecting yourself with medical records. Each section has NEW topics including medical management of critically ill foals in the field; oral cavity masses; radiology of sinuses and teeth; biochemical tests for myocardial injury; protozoal myeloencephalitis update; management of bladder uroliths; skin grafting; managing the high-risk pregnancy; shock wave therapy; and more!

Social Behavior and Personality (Psychology Revivals)

Social Behavior and Personality (Psychology Revivals)
A Book

by Arnold H. Buss

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-10-14
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 1317574109
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The fields of social behaviour and personality had for the most part been studied separately, originally published in 1986, this title was one of the first to consider them together. Social behaviours and contexts are analysed and distinctions are suggested. Social behaviours not previously seen as similar are linked. This a great opportunity to rediscover the work of Arnold Buss one of the greats in Social Psychology.

Being Human

Being Human
Ethics, Environment, and Our Place in the World

by Anna L. Peterson

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 2001-05-26
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 0520926056
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Being Human examines the complex connections among conceptions of human nature, attitudes toward non-human nature, and ethics. Anna Peterson proposes an "ethical anthropology" that examines how ideas of nature and humanity are bound together in ways that shape the very foundations of cultures. Peterson discusses mainstream Western understandings of what it means to be human, as well as alternatives to these perspectives, and suggests that the construction of a compelling, coherent environmental ethics will revise our ideas not only about nature but also about what it means to be human.

Saunders Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary

Saunders Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary
A Book

by Virginia Studdert,Clive Gay,Kenneth W Hinchcliff

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2020-07-18
  • Pages : 1344
  • ISBN : 0702074640
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Saunders Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary, 5th Edition includes the veterinary technical and scientific words and phrases you might encounter in practice. With well over 60,000 main and subentries including large animals, small animals, and exotics, presented in a user-friendly format, the fifth edition continues its legacy as the most comprehensive dictionary reference in the veterinary field. Completely revised and updated for today's veterinary team, it now includes an all-new companion Evolve site, which hosts an audio glossary of 1,200 common veterinary terms and an image collection featuring high-quality images from the book. The online site also includes printable appendices with essential reference information including conversion charts and blood groups of domestic animals. More than 60,000 main entries and subentries are included, making this the most comprehensive dictionary covering the whole range of veterinary medicine including large and small animals and exotic pets. Pronunciation of key terms is indicated by a phonetic respelling that appears in parentheses immediately following main entries. High-quality, color illustrations aid further understanding of important terminology. Color design and format help you find key information at a glance. Extensive appraisal, clarification, and focusing of entries to reflect current practice. Extensive contributions from internationally acknowledged expert consultants. UPDATED and NEW! Updated and all-new terminology from the latest research, including updated taxonomy in virology and bacteriology, ensures this invaluable reference is up-to-date. NEW! Updated images ensure you receive the most current and pertinent illustrations that identify and highlight specific terms. NEW! An all-new suite of online features including printable appendices with essential veterinary reference information, an image collection with 1,000 high-quality images, and an audio glossary with more than 1,200 common veterinary terms. NEW! A new co-editor and new expert contributors from around the world provide updates on the latest advances in the field of veterinary science.

Taking Socialism Seriously

Taking Socialism Seriously
A Book

by Anatole Anton,Richard Schmitt

  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 0739166352
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Capitalism is in crisis. Is a better world possible and what would it look like? Taking Socialism Seriously breaks important new paths for significant social change by examining detailed questions seriously that had previously been neglected.

Narcissism and the Self

Narcissism and the Self
Dynamics of Self-Preservation in Social Interaction, Personality Structure, Subjective Experience, and Psychopathology

by R. Behrendt

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-02-03
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 1137491485
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book examines how coevolved intraspecific aggression and appeasement gestures can give rise to complex social, cultural, and psychopathological phenomena. It argues that the individual's need regulate narcissistic supplies and maintain feelings of safety is the overriding determinant of human conduct and thought in mental health and illness.