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Don't Sleep, There are Snakes

Don't Sleep, There are Snakes
Life and Language in the Amazonian Jungle

by Daniel Everett

  • Publisher : Profile Books
  • Release : 2010-07-09
  • Pages : 327
  • ISBN : 1847651224
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although Daniel Everett was a missionary, far from converting the Pirahs, they converted him. He shows the slow, meticulous steps by which he gradually mastered their language and his gradual realisation that its unusual nature closely reflected its speakers' startlingly original perceptions of the world. Everett describes how he began to realise that his discoveries about the Pirah language opened up a new way of understanding how language works in our minds and in our lives, and that this way was utterly at odds with Noam Chomsky's universally accepted linguistic theories. The perils of passionate academic opposition were then swiftly conjoined to those of the Amazon in a debate whose outcome has yet to be won. Everett's views are most recently discussed in Tom Wolfe's bestselling The Kingdom of Speech. Adventure, personal enlightenment and the makings of a scientific revolution proceed together in this vivid, funny and moving book.

Don't Sleep, There are Snakes

Don't Sleep, There are Snakes
Life and Language in the Amazonian Jungle

by Daniel Leonard Everett

  • Publisher : Pantheon
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 283
  • ISBN : 9780375425028
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A linguist offers a thought-provoking account of his experiences and discoveries while living with the Pirahã, a small tribe of Amazonian Indians living in central Brazil and a people possessing a language that defies accepted linguistic theories and reflects a culture that has no counting system, concept of war, or personal property, and lives entirely in the present. 25,000 first printing.

How Language Began

How Language Began
The Story of Humanity’s Greatest Invention

by Daniel Everett

  • Publisher : Profile Books
  • Release : 2017-09-21
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 1782831282
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In his groundbreaking new book Daniel Everett seeks answers to questions that have perplexed thinkers from Plato to Chomsky: when and how did language begin? what is it? and what is it for? Daniel Everett confounds the conventional wisdom that language originated with Homo sapiens 150,000 years ago and that we have a 'language instinct'. Drawing on evidence from a wide range of fields, including linguistics, archaeology, biology, anthropology and neuroscience, he shows that our ancient ancestors, Homo erectus, had the biological and mental equipment for speech one and half million years ago, and that their cultural and technological achievements (including building ocean-going boats) make it overwhelmingly likely they spoke some kind of language. How Language Began sheds new light on language and culture and what it means to be human and, as always, Daniel Everett spices his account with incident and anecdote. His book is convincing, arresting and entertaining.

Language

Language
The Cultural Tool

by Daniel Leonard Everett

  • Publisher : Profile Books(GB)
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9781846682681
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Like other tools, language was invented, can be reinvented or lost, and shows significant variation across cultures. It's as essential to survival as fire - and, like fire, is found in all human societies. Language presents the bold and controversial idea that language is not an innate component of the brain, as has been famously argued by Chomsky and Pinker. Rather, it's a cultural tool which varies much more across different societies than the innateness view suggests.Fusing adventure, anthropology, linguistics and psychology, and drawing on Everett's pioneering research with the Amazonian Pirahãs, Language argues that language is embedded within - and is inseparable from - its specific culture. This book is like a fire that will generate much light. And much heat.

You're Not As Crazy As I Think

You're Not As Crazy As I Think
Dialogue in a World of Loud Voices and Hardened Opinions

by Randal Rauser

  • Publisher : InterVarsity Press
  • Release : 2011-01-14
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 0830857869
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What can evangelicals learn from liberal Christians, Darwinists, atheists and animal-rights activists? Randal Rauser sketches a path toward dialogue with the people we understand least.

Recursion and Human Language

Recursion and Human Language
A Book

by Harry van der Hulst

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 3110219247
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this volume, the issue of recursion is tackled from a variety of angles. Some articles cover formal issues regarding the proper characterization or definition of recursion, while others focus on empirical issues by examining the kinds of structure in languages that suggest recursive mechanism in the grammar. Most articles discuss syntactic phenomena, but several involve morphology, the lexicon and phonology. In addition, we find discussions that involve evolutionary notions and language disorders, and the broader cognitive context of recursion.

The Kingdom of Speech

The Kingdom of Speech
A Book

by Tom Wolfe

  • Publisher : Hachette UK
  • Release : 2016-08-30
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0316404640
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The maestro storyteller and reporter provocatively argues that what we think we know about speech and human evolution is wrong. Tom Wolfe, whose legend began in journalism, takes us on an eye-opening journey that is sure to arouse widespread debate. The Kingdom of Speech is a captivating, paradigm-shifting argument that speech -- not evolution -- is responsible for humanity's complex societies and achievements. From Alfred Russel Wallace, the Englishman who beat Darwin to the theory of natural selection but later renounced it, and through the controversial work of modern-day anthropologist Daniel Everett, who defies the current wisdom that language is hard-wired in humans, Wolfe examines the solemn, long-faced, laugh-out-loud zig-zags of Darwinism, old and Neo, and finds it irrelevant here in the Kingdom of Speech.

A U G U R I E S

A U G U R I E S
Augural Recrescendoes of Covenantal Kairos

by Michael D. O’Kelly

  • Publisher : iUniverse
  • Release : 2017-10-19
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 1532031181
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Our world-planet is changing so fast! Amazons expanded its Robot Army from 1400 in 2013 to 45,000 in 2016. Climates changing faster than deniers denials. In the USA, 1 in 3 people are NONES in religious affiliation versus 1 in 10 thirty years ago. The Moores Law of computer chip speed says well be computing-connecting in 2025 64 times faster than 4 years ago. The New Age of Universal Quantum Computers will manifest patterns of data at depths of complexity that will transform humanity. Plans to colonize Mars are underway. Facebook plans to make our brains telepathic. Terrorism is daily. The deep personal touch of self with selves and selves with nature is vulnerable to confusion. Our spiritual world is under siege. Gateways and breakthroughs to demanding futures need new bridging-infrastructure-covenanting designs. AUGURIES promotes an (not the) ANSWeR to A NEW SPIRITUALITY WE ARE. It gardens depths of backyard covenanting with chip-digital cybernetics living next door. Transformative sciences are everywhere: chips for the bods and syncs for the bots. Book I of this Trilogy-ALTARPIECES, was a sound book of the primal-sound Ah to AHHH! to AUM and to Apokstrophes. Book II, SYMPATHIES, was an Aoide song and prayer2player book of things coming into themselves by belonging together and the enchoiring of sympathies. Book III, AUGURIES, tells ATALE of performance and palindromes: strategies of covenantal existence. Its big play is futuring humanitys global based spirituality. (Not as a religion!) This is known: we are on this planet, without a master-key to the mystery. There are patterns-forms-resonances that orientaugur --- us to be in the world as the humans we are. Auguries explores three primal laws of existence: Predation and Procreation (everywhere theres anything); the third is The Prosperoion -- our uniquely human-Eartharion play of consciousness and will-to-prosper-- which forms the CORE dynamic of Book III. This picture is the author as a Prospero of today. Staffs a walking-stick; robes a vest and hat: books an old volume of Shakespeare with some poems inserted: In times To Come(I), In The Shining(II);Guest With Me(G).] The bridge, as rainbow and skeleton, symbolizes the concept of covenantal infrastructure. Hes answering a call, from anywhere in the world, on his magical cell-phone. But the real magical incantation of The Prosperoion is: SHOALS of WONTSUNODI AROCKAKCORAShining Holds of Angelic Legacies--Wonders That Should Not Die--Augural Recrescendoes of Covenantal Kairos. The SHOWONAKARA! A very personal book. A Spirited Ride. Both hands on the wheel! And reins! And Mane! Auguries is about our holding-on midst Gallops of Gaia Gallimaufry (GAGA-GA). In the next WeR Generation of GENiUS we must keep our FREEDOM to dot our own i secure our own saddle. TIME TO MOUNT-UP -- THE SHOWONAKARION -- FROM AFIRADAPO

Going Places

Going Places
A Reader's Guide to Travel Narratives

by Robert Burgin

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2013-01
  • Pages : 572
  • ISBN : 1598849727
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Successfully navigate the rich world of travel narratives and identify fiction and nonfiction read-alikes with this detailed and expertly constructed guide.

Language

Language
The Cultural Tool

by Daniel Everett

  • Publisher : Profile Books
  • Release : 2012-03-22
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1847654150
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Like other tools, language was invented, can be reinvented or lost, and shows significant variation across cultures. It's as essential to survival as fire - and, like fire, is found in all human societies. Language presents the bold and controversial idea that language is not an innate component of the brain, as has been famously argued by Chomsky and Pinker. Rather, it's a cultural tool which varies much more across different societies than the innateness view suggests. Fusing adventure, anthropology, linguistics and psychology, and drawing on Everett's pioneering research with the Amazonian Pirahs, Language argues that language is embedded within - and is inseparable from - its specific culture. This book is like a fire that will generate much light. And much heat.

Dark Matter of the Mind

Dark Matter of the Mind
The Culturally Articulated Unconscious

by Daniel L. Everett

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2017-11-06
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 022652678X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Is it in our nature to be altruistic, or evil, to make art, use tools, or create language? Is it in our nature to think in any particular way? For Daniel L. Everett, the answer is a resounding no: it isn’t in our nature to do any of these things because human nature does not exist—at least not as we usually think of it. Flying in the face of major trends in Evolutionary Psychology and related fields, he offers a provocative and compelling argument in this book that the only thing humans are hardwired for is freedom: freedom from evolutionary instinct and freedom to adapt to a variety of environmental and cultural contexts. Everett sketches a blank-slate picture of human cognition that focuses not on what is in the mind but, rather, what the mind is in—namely, culture. He draws on years of field research among the Amazonian people of the Pirahã in order to carefully scrutinize various theories of cognitive instinct, including Noam Chomsky’s foundational concept of universal grammar, Freud’s notions of unconscious forces, Adolf Bastian’s psychic unity of mankind, and works on massive modularity by evolutionary psychologists such as Leda Cosmides, John Tooby, Jerry Fodor, and Steven Pinker. Illuminating unique characteristics of the Pirahã language, he demonstrates just how differently various cultures can make us think and how vital culture is to our cognitive flexibility. Outlining the ways culture and individual psychology operate symbiotically, he posits a Buddhist-like conception of the cultural self as a set of experiences united by various apperceptions, episodic memories, ranked values, knowledge structures, and social roles—and not, in any shape or form, biological instinct. The result is fascinating portrait of the “dark matter of the mind,” one that shows that our greatest evolutionary adaptation is adaptability itself.

Happiness: A Very Short Introduction

Happiness: A Very Short Introduction
A Book

by Daniel M. Haybron

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2013-08-29
  • Pages : 149
  • ISBN : 0199590605
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Most of us spend our lives striving for happiness. But what is it? How important is it? How can we (and should we) pursue it? In this Very Short Introduction Dan Haybron provides a comprehensive look at the nature of happiness. By using examples, Haybron considers how we measure happiness, what makes us happy, and considers its subjective nature.

Essays on the Evolutionary-Synthetic Theory of Language

Essays on the Evolutionary-Synthetic Theory of Language
A Book

by Alexey Koshelev

  • Publisher : Academic Studies PRess
  • Release : 2020-04-14
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 1644693690
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book implements a multidisciplinary approach in describing language both in its ontogenetic development and in its close interrelationship with other human subsystems such as thought, memory, and activity, with a focus on the semantic component of the evolutionary-synthetic theory. The volume analyzes, among others, the mechanisms for grammatical polysemy, and brings to light the structural unity of artefact and natural concepts (such as CHAIR, ROAD, LAKE, RIVER, TREE). Additionally, object and motor concepts are defined in terms of the language of thought, and their representation in neurobiological memory codes is discussed; finally, the hierarchic structure of basic meanings of concrete nouns is shown to arise as a result of their step-by-step development in ontogeny.

A Foot in the River

A Foot in the River
Why Our Lives Change — and the Limits of Evolution

by Felipe Fernández-Armesto

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2015-10-09
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0191061840
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We are a weird species. Like other species, we have a culture. But by comparison with other species, we are strangely unstable: human cultures self-transform, diverge, and multiply with bewildering speed. They vary, radically and rapidly, from time to time and place to place. And the way we live — our manners, morals, habits, experiences, relationships, technology, values — seems to be changing at an ever accelerating pace. The effects can be dislocating, baffling, sometimes terrifying. Why is this? In A Foot in the River, best-selling historian Felipe Fernández-Armesto sifts through the evidence and offers some radical answers to these very big questions about the human species and its history — and speculates on what these answers might mean for our future. Combining insights from a huge range of disciplines, including history, biology, anthropology, archaeology, philosophy, sociology, ethology, zoology, primatology, psychology, linguistics, the cognitive sciences, and even business studies, he argues that culture is exempt from evolution. Ultimately, no environmental conditions, no genetic legacy, no predictable patterns, no scientific laws determine our behaviour. We can consequently make and remake our world in the freedom of unconstrained imaginations. A revolutionary book which challenges scientistic assumptions about culture and how and why cultural change happens, A Foot in the River comes to conclusions which readers may well find by turns both daunting and also potentially hugely liberating.

The Classical Revolution

The Classical Revolution
Thoughts on New Music in the 21st Century Revised and Expanded Edition

by John Borstlap

  • Publisher : Courier Dover Publications
  • Release : 2017-08-15
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 0486814483
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Essays by a prominent contemporary composer explore a current trend in classical music away from atonal characteristics and toward more traditional forms. Topics include cultural identity, musical meaning, and the aesthetics of beauty.

Introduction to Psycholinguistics

Introduction to Psycholinguistics
Understanding Language Science

by Matthew J. Traxler

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-10-14
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 1444344579
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook offers a cutting edge introduction to psycholinguistics, exploring the cognitive processes underlying language acquisition and use. Provides a step-by-step tour through language acquisition, production, and comprehension, from the word level to sentences and dialogue Incorporates both theory and data, including in-depth descriptions of the experimental evidence behind theories Incorporates a comprehensive review of research in bilingual language processing, sign language, reading, and the neurological basis of language production and comprehension Approaches the subject from a range of perspectives, including psychology, linguistics, philosophy, computer science, neurology, and neurophysiology Includes a full program of resources for instructors and students, including review exercises, a test bank, and lecture slides, available online at www.wiley.com/go/traxler

Who Was Mrs Willett?

Who Was Mrs Willett?
Landscapes and Dynamics of Mind

by Chris Nunn

  • Publisher : Andrews UK Limited
  • Release : 2013-05-01
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 1845404122
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Here is an account of mentality and human experience, written for a multi-disciplinary readership. The focus is on how mind, consciousness and selves inter-relate, extending into exploration of ideas about the nature of awareness and a search for relevant evidence. 'Consciousness studies' has reached something of a crossroads nowadays. Computational approaches to mind and 'quantum consciousness' theories, have not lived up to early hopes. Neuroscience has made huge strides in the last few years, but is still nowhere near able to account for the existence of consciousness itself - as opposed to being able to explain how some of its content gets there. Philosophically, there is lack of consensus over both the nature of consciousness and what questions we should be asking about it. Chris Nunn's book surveys the current situation and argues that, as far as 'mind' is concerned, we need to take the overall dynamics into consideration, which include genetic, environmental and social factors along with neurology. He emphasizes the close links that exist between memory, experience and personhood. What emerges most strongly from this account is that answers to questions about the nature of consciousness are likely to depend on achieving a better understanding of the physics of time.

Life Driven Purpose

Life Driven Purpose
How an Atheist Finds Meaning

by Dan Barker

  • Publisher : Pitchstone Publishing (US&CA)
  • Release : 2015-04-01
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 1939578248
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Every thinking person wants to lead a life of meaning and purpose. For thousands of years, holy books have told us that such a life is available only through obedience and submission to some higher power. Today, the faithful keep popular devotionals and tracts within easy reach on bedside tables and mobile devices, all communicating this common message: "Life is meaningless without God." In this volume, former pastor Dan Barker eloquently, powerfully, and rationally upends this long-held belief. Offering words of enrichment, emancipation, and inspiration, he reminds us how millions of atheists lead happy, loving, moral, and purpose-filled lives. Practicing what he preaches, he also demonstrates through his own personal journey that life is valuable for its own sake—that meaning and purpose come not from above, but from within.

Realizing Awakened Consciousness

Realizing Awakened Consciousness
Interviews with Buddhist Teachers and a New Perspective on the Mind

by Richard P. Boyle

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2015-06-02
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0231539231
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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If, as Buddhism claims, the potential for awakening exists in all human beings, we should be able to map the phenomenon with the same science we apply to other forms of consciousness. A student of cognitive social science and a Zen practitioner for more than forty years, Richard P. Boyle brings his sophisticated perspective to bear on the development of a theoretical model for both ordinary and awakened consciousness. Boyle conducts probing interviews with eleven prominent Western Buddhist teachers (Shinzen Young, John Tarrant, Ken McLeod, Ajahn Amaro, Martine Batchelor, Shaila Catherine, Gil Fronsdal, Stephen Batchelor, Pat Enkyo O'Hara, Bernie Glassman, and Joseph Goldstein) and one scientist (James Austin) who have experienced awakening. From the paths they traveled to enlightenment and their descriptions of the experience, he derives three fundamental properties of awakened consciousness. He then constructs an overarching model that explains how Buddhist practices help free the mind from attachments to reality and the self and make possible the three properties of awakening. Specifically, these teachers describe how they worked to control attention and quiet the mind, detach from ideas and habits, and open themselves to compassion. Boyle's account incorporates current theories of consciousness, sociological insights, and research in neuroscience to advance the study of awakened consciousness and help an even greater number of people to realize it.

Foundations for Moral Relativism

Foundations for Moral Relativism
Second Expanded Edition

by J. David Velleman

  • Publisher : Open Book Publishers
  • Release : 2015-11-23
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN : 1783740329
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this new edition of Foundations for Moral Relativism a distinguished moral philosopher tames a bugbear of current debate about cultural difference. J. David Velleman shows that different communities can indeed be subject to incompatible moralities, because their local mores are rationally binding. At the same time, he explains why the mores of different communities, even when incompatible, are still variations on the same moral themes. The book thus maps out a universe of many moral worlds without, as Velleman puts it, "moral black holes”. The six self-standing chapters discuss such diverse topics as online avatars and virtual worlds, lying in Russian and truth-telling in Quechua, the pleasure of solitude and the fear of absurdity. Accessibly written, this book presupposes no prior training in philosophy.