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Driving Climate Change

Driving Climate Change
Cutting Carbon from Transportation

by Daniel Sperling,James S. Cannon

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-07-26
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9780080464688
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing global society. The debate over what to do is confounded by the uncertain relationship between increasing greenhouse gas emissions and climate change, and the impact of those changes on nature and human civilization. Driving Climate Change will provide professionals and students alike with the latest information regarding greenhouse emissions while presenting the most up-to-date techniques for reducing these emissions. It will investigate three broad strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions: 1) reducing motorized travel, 2) shifting to less energy intensive modes, and 3) changing fuel and propulsion technologies. Findings will be presented by the leaders in the field with contributions from professors, researchers, consultants and engineers at the most prominent institutions - commercial, academic and federal - dealing with environmental research and policy. Includes a comprehensive evaluation of current industrial practice Provides technologically sound and manageable techniques for engineers, scientists and designers Incorporates guidelines for a sustainable future

Climate Change and the People's Health

Climate Change and the People's Health
A Book

by Sharon Friel

  • Publisher : Small Books Big Ideas in Popul
  • Release : 2019-01-02
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 0190492732
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change and social inequity are both sprawling, insidious forces that threaten populations around the world. It's time we start talking about them together. Climate Change and the People's Health offers a brave and ambitious new framework for understanding how our planet's two greatest existential threats comingle, complement, and amplify one another -- and what can be done to mitigate future harm. In doing so it posits three new modes of thinking: - That climate change interacts with the social determinants of health and exacerbates existing health inequities - The idea of a "consumptagenic system" -- a network of policies, processes, governance and modes of understanding that fuel unhealthy, and environmentally destructive production and consumption - The steps necessary to move from denial and inertia toward effective mobilization, including economic, social, and policy interventions With insights from physical science, social science, and humanities, this short book examines how climate change and social inequity are indelibly linked, and considering them together can bring about effective change in social equity, health, and the environment.

Drivers of Environmental Change in Uplands

Drivers of Environmental Change in Uplands
A Book

by Aletta Bonn,Tim Allott,Klaus Hubacek,Jon Stewart

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2009-01-13
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 1134061641
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The uplands are a crucial source of ecosystem services, such as water provision, carbon retention, maintenance of biodiversity, provision of recreation value and cultural heritage. This puts them in the focus of both environmental and social scientists as well as practitioners and land managers.. This volume brings together a wealth of knowledge of the British uplands from diverse but interrelated fields of study, clearly demonstrating their importance in 21st Century Britain, and indicating how we may through interdisciplinary approaches meet the challenges provided by past and future drivers of environmental change. The upland environments are subject to change. They face imminent threats as well as opportunities from pressures such as climate change, changes in land management and related changes in fire risk, increases in erosion and water colour, degradation of habitats, altered wildlife and recreational value, as well as significant changes in the economy of these marginal areas. This book presents up-to-date scientific background information, addresses policy related issues and lays out pressing land management questions. A number of world-class experts provide a review of cutting-edge natural and social science and an assessment of past, current and potential future management strategies, policies and other drivers of change. After appraisal of key concepts and principles, chapters provide specific examples and applications by focussing on UK upland areas and specifically the Peak District National Park as a key example for other highly valuable upland regions.

The International Climate Regime and Its Driving-Forces: Obstacles and Chances on the Way to a Global Response to the Problem of Climate Change

The International Climate Regime and Its Driving-Forces: Obstacles and Chances on the Way to a Global Response to the Problem of Climate Change
A Book

by Ben Witthaus

  • Publisher : Diplomica Verlag
  • Release : 2012-03
  • Pages : 146
  • ISBN : 3842873832
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The greenhouse effect is a vital process which is responsible for the heat on the earth?s surface. By consuming fossil fuels, clearing forests etc. humans aggravate this natural process. As additionally trapped heat exceeds the earth?s intake capacity this consequently leads to global warming. The current concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere is already 30% higher compared to pre-industrial levels and unmanaged this development is likely to result in an increase of up to 6.4ø C towards the end of the century. Especially the poorest regions of the world are facing a double inequity as they a) will be hit earliest and hardest by the adverse impacts of climate change, and b) are least responsible for the stock of current concentrations in the atmosphere. Seeing this the application of the precautionary principle telling us ?to better be safe than sorry? appears to be imperative and makes traditional cost-benefit analysis become obsolete. Thus combating global warming has become one of the most important issues facing the world in the 21st century. The international climate regime is the main platform to further cooperation between nations and to tackle this problem. Since the first world climate conference in 1979 the international community of states pursues the goal of stabilizing greenhouse gas emissions. In 2009, the 15th COP of the UNFCCC aimed at achieving the final breakthrough with regard to framing new long-term mitigation commitments. However, the regime theory tells us that states behave as rational egoists and solely follow selfishly defined interests to maximize own profits. So it not only has to be assumed that just states with a favourable benefit-cost ratio will take the role of a ?pusher? in international climate negotiations but also that powerful states are more likely to reach a favourable outcome. Indeed the highly ineffective Kyoto Protocol, which amongst others had to deal with the exit of the United States, the creation of ?hot air? reductions and an overall lack of compliance incentives, has already shown the difficulties of creating an effective climate regime. In Copenhagen it became obvious that influential actors still do not seem to have an interest to significantly change their energy consumption patterns in order to reduce emissions. The majority of developing countries, politically prioritize the protection of their economic development which heavily depends on the use of cheap energy from fossil fuels. Especially China by no means intends to cut its impressive GDP growth figures to please international crowds. Meanwhile the hands of the US President on the international stage were once again tied by domestic restrictions. However, although it seemed that the long prevailing differences of interests between industrial and developing countries are more than ever insuperable, there is hope. A ?global race? towards renewable energy and related jobs has already started. Nations and international corporations are positioning themselves to take advantage of the inevitable transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. This could be the starting point for a sustainable bottom-up policy architecture on the international level replacing the current top-down approach.

Bringing Climate Change Into Natural Resource Management

Bringing Climate Change Into Natural Resource Management
Proceedings of a Workshop, June 28-30, 2005, Portland, Oregon

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An Introduction to Climate Change Economics and Policy

An Introduction to Climate Change Economics and Policy
A Book

by Felix FitzRoy,Elissaios Papyrakis

  • Publisher : Earthscan
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 1844078094
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Interest in climate change has generated a mountain of literature leaving many floundering in the sheer flood of information, commentary, claims and initiatives. This highly accessible book assumes no prior knowledge and cuts through the confusion to explain the key economic and policy issues related to climate change in simple language and with only a few statistics. Coverage slices across the breadth and depth of climate change, providing short summaries of the most relevant research and conclusions from various disciplines. The authors highlight where economists and policy makers generally misunderstand the science of climate change, underestimate the risks of runaway warming and exaggerate the costs of radical measures to stabilize the climate. A key focus is the impact of climate change on world agriculture, the world's most important activity. The authors provide a critical examination of how current policies that promote poor water usage and soil erosion are risking a catastrophic collapse of agriculture in the poorest and most populous countries in a warming world. They look at the solutions such as how no-till, conservation farming, third generation biofuels from waste land, alternative energy, and bio-char production to raise sustainable yields, reduce emissions and sequester carbon in soil. The second, crucial thrust is a critical examination of the growth economy paradigm of rich countries that is driving climate change. The authors look at economic measures to control climate change including switching taxes from labour to carbon and subsidies from fossil and nuclear energy to renewable alternatives as well as demand management and energy saving. Overall the book provides a comprehensive, critical introduction to the issues and highlights the main policies that are needed to initiate the transformation to sustainability and avert the worst risks of climate catastrophe.

Climate Change Criminology

Climate Change Criminology
A Book

by Rob White

  • Publisher : Bristol University Press
  • Release : 2020-04
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 152920397X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Leading green criminologist Rob White asks what can be learned from the problem-solving focus of crime prevention to help face the challenges of climate change in this call to arms for criminology and criminologists. Industries such as energy, food and tourism and the systematic destruction of the environment through global capitalism are scrutinized for their contribution to global warming. Ideas of 'state-corporate crime' and 'ecocide' are introduced and explored in this concise overview of criminological writings on climate change. This sound and robust application of theoretical concepts to this 'new' area also includes commentary on topical issues such as the US withdrawal from the Paris Climate agreement. Part of the New Horizons in Criminology series, which draws on the inter-disciplinary nature of criminology and incorporates emerging perspectives like social harm, gender and sexuality, and green criminology.

Climate Change Solutions

Climate Change Solutions
Beyond the Capital-Climate Contradiction

by Diana Stuart,Ryan Gunderson,Brian Petersen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020-07-07
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 0472038478
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate Change Solutions represents an application of critical theory to examine proposed solutions to climate change. Drawing from Marx's negative conception of ideology, the authors illustrate how ideology continues to conceal the capital-climate contradiction or the fundamental incompatibility between growth-dependent capitalism and effectively and justly mitigating climate change. Dominant solutions to climate change that offer minor changes to the current system fail to address this contradiction. However, alternatives like degrowth involve a shift in priorities and power relations and can offer new systemic arrangements that confront and move beyond the capital-climate contradiction. While there are clear barriers to a systemic transition that prioritizes social and ecological well-being, such a transition is possible and desirable.

Public Transportation's Role in Responding to Climate Change

Public Transportation's Role in Responding to Climate Change
A Book

by Tina Hodges

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2010-11
  • Pages : 15
  • ISBN : 1437933610
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Fed. Transit Admin. (FTA) collects and analyzes data from across the country on public transportation (PT) fuel use, vehicles deployed, rides taken, etc. These data provides valuable insight into the impacts of auto, truck, SUV, and PT travel on the production of greenhouse gas emissions. There are significant greenhouse gas emission savings by using PT. This paper presents an analysis of the data and frames it in a broader context. It concludes with a description of FTA actions that address climate change. PT can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by: Providing a low emissions alternative to driving; Facilitating compact land use, reducing the need to travel long distances; and Minimizing the carbon footprint of transit oper.

Driving the Future

Driving the Future
Combating Climate Change with Cleaner, Smarter Cars

by Margo T. Oge

  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release : 2016-09-20
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 1628727713
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Now in paperback, with a new foreword by Fred Krupp, an expert's illuminating preview of the cleaner, lighter, smarter cars of the future. In Driving the Future, Margo T. Oge portrays a future where clean, intelligent vehicles with lighter frames and alternative power trains will produce zero emissions and run at 100+ mpg. With electronic architectures more like those of airplanes, cars will be smarter and safer, will park themselves, and will network with other vehicles on the road to drive themselves. As the director of the EPA’s Office of Transportation and Air Quality, Oge was the chief architect behind the Obama administration’s landmark 2012 deal with automakers in the US market to double the fuel efficiency of their fleets and to cut greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2025. This was America’s first formal climate action using regulation to reduce emissions through innovation in car design. Offering an insider account of the partnership between federal agencies, California, environmental groups, and car manufacturers that led to the historic deal, Margo discusses the science of climate change, the politics of addressing it, and the lessons learned for policy makers. She also takes the reader through the convergence of macro trends that will drive this innovation over the next forty years and be every bit as transformative as those wrought by Karl Benz and Henry Ford. Driving the Future is for anyone who wants to know what car they’ll be driving in ten, twenty, or thirty years—and for everyone concerned about air quality and climate change now.

Social Dimensions of Climate Change

Social Dimensions of Climate Change
Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World

by Robin Mearns,Andrew Norton

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2009-12-02
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 9780821381427
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While major strides have been made in the scientific understanding of climate change, much less understood is how these dynamics in the physical enviornment interact with socioeconomic systems. This book brings together the latest knowledge on the consequences of climate change for society and how best to address them.

The Role of Marine Organic Carbon and Calcite Fluxes in Driving Global Climate Change

The Role of Marine Organic Carbon and Calcite Fluxes in Driving Global Climate Change
Past and Future

by P. Loubere

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 3
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate Change Handbook for Regional Water Planning

Climate Change Handbook for Regional Water Planning
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This handbook considers both climate change adaptation (reduction of impacts) and mitigation [greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction]. Quantitative tools and techniques for addressing both are introduced and discussed in order to prepare comprehensive IRWMPs [integrated regional water management plans]. A guide to assess the vulnerability of a watershed or region to climate change impacts is presented in this handbook, and guidelines to prioritize vulnerabilities are introduced. This handbook relies on approaches that have been developed and applied to regional watershed planning processes. This handbook also presents case studies that provide illustrative examples in which the latest science and methods on climate change, including uncertainty and adaptive management approaches, have been applied outside academia. While the available suite of climate change tools and analytical techniques for incorporating climate change is continually advancing and improving, the underlying planning processes outlined in this handbook should continue to provide a solid basis for comprehensive watershed planning. Improved decisions about water resources management systems, whether adapting them to future climate change or mitigating climate change through reductions in GHG emissions, should result from application of the framework in this handbook. This handbook presents the range of decisions that need to be made and the factors that go into making those decisions at a local or regional level."--Foreword.

The Role of the Sun in Climate Change

The Role of the Sun in Climate Change
A Book

by Douglas V. Hoyt,Kenneth H. Schatten

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 1997-04-03
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780195357486
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The luminosity of the sun governs the temperatures of the planets. Yet the solar forcing, or driving, of climate, primarily due to changes in solar radiation, has never been well documented. Recent satellite measurements have shown that solar radiation varies as a function of time and wavelength, a concept that has been hypothesized for the past two centuries and has recently become a major topic with all the attention paid to global warming. This book reviews the physics of the concept of solar forcing, from its beginnings in the early 1800's and apparent success in the 1870's, to its near demise in the 1950's and recent resurgence. Since its emphasis is on solar variations as a driver for climate change, with only a brief discussion of other mechanisms, the book will be of most interest to students in climate studies.

The Atlas of Climate Change

The Atlas of Climate Change
Mapping the World's Greatest Challenge

by Kirstin Dow,Thomas E. Downing

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Illustrates the causes and consequences of climate change on populations around the world, the progress made on fulfilling commitments regarding the issue, and local efforts needed to reverse some of the long-term effects.

Traffic in the Era of Climate Change

Traffic in the Era of Climate Change
Walking, Cycling, Public Transport Need Priority

by Vidyadhar Date

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human Needs and Wants

Human Needs and Wants
A Driving Force of Climate Change

by M. Douglas,Economic and Social Research Council

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate Change

Climate Change
Challenging the Conventional Wisdom

by Julian Morris

  • Publisher : Institute of Economic Affairs
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The world's climate is in constant flux: on time-scales from days to millennia, global and regional temperature, wind and rainfall patterns are changing. Over periods of decades and centuries, the most significant factor affecting climate appears to be changes in the output of the sun. Man's emissions of 'greenhouse gases' (GHGs) also play a role in altering climate. However, estimates suggest that only 30 to 40 per cent of the warming seen over the past century was caused by GHGs. Predictions made by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assume that most of the warming of the past century was caused by man's emissions and therefore overestimate the likely effect of future emissions. Better estimates suggest that if CO2 concentrations double, global-mean temperatures would rise by about 1.3 degrees centigrade with an upper limit of 2 degrees centigrade. Estimates by some of the world's most respected climate scientists suggest that even if a warming of 2 degrees centigrade does occur the impact on humankind will not be catastrophic; indeed agricultural productivity is likely to increase in many parts of the world, due to longer growing seasons and increases in uptake of CO2. IPCC lead authors have exaggerated the likely impacts of climate change in order to heighten public perception of the issue and thereby encourage governments to spend more on climate research. Between 1990 and 1995, annual US Government spending on climate research rose from $600m to $1.8bn. Estimates suggest that the cost of reducing CO2 emissions to 1990 levels by 2010 could be around 1 per cent of global output. Even assuming costs were only half that, the result would be less investment in the development of new technologies and considerable industrial downsizing, with consequent job losses. Furthermore, if significant natural climate change does occur in the next century - as it has over the past 100 years - then the cost of imposing limits on emissions of carbon dioxide and other trace gases might be even greater. Whether this natural climate variation causes the Earth to warm or to cool, the consequence of emission limits would be that fewer resources would be available for taking adaptive action (such as installing air conditioning units or heaters) Given the uncertainty about climate change, the precautionary principle implies that we should improve our understanding of the world's climate and do what we can to ensure that we are able to adapt most effectively. This means collecting better data, encouraging scientists to develop and test competing theories about the causes and consequences of climate change, freeing up the world's markets, and eliminating subsidies.

Climate Change (WIRED guides)

Climate Change (WIRED guides)
How We Can Get to Carbon Zero

by Bianca Nogrady,WIRED

  • Publisher : Random House
  • Release : 2021-03-25
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1473585627
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Man-made global warming is advancing inexorably. Are there ways to halt it? In this invaluable, one-stop guide Bianca Nogrady analyses the science of climate change and offers a concise overview of the ways in which our carbon emissions might be reduced. She examines the challenges posed by food and energy production and the cutting-edge technologies that could mitigate their polluting effects. She looks at initiatives to create green industry and transport. She explains the economics of emissions trading schemes and the practicalities of geoengineering plans to trap greenhouse gases. And she addresses the fundamental question: is it possible to safeguard our future before it's too late?

Climate Change and Sustainable Renewable Natural Resources Management

Climate Change and Sustainable Renewable Natural Resources Management
Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Forestry Association of Nigeria Held in Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria, 20th-24th October, 2008

by Forestry Association of Nigeria. Annual Conference

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 721
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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