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Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers

Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers
A Book

by Mike Jenkins,Artemis Stamboulis

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-08-13
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0857096516
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Given the widespread use of polymers in medical devices, the durability and reliability of this material in use is an area of critical importance. Durability and reliability of medical polymers reviews the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers. Part one provides a review of the types and properties of bioresorbable medical polymers. The effect of molecular structure on properties is discussed, along with the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications. Transport phenomena and the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers are reviewed, before an exploration of synthetic bioresorbable polymers and their use in orthopaedic tissue regeneration. Part two goes on to explore the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers, and wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body are discussed in depth, before an investigation into manufacturing defects and the failure of synthetic polymeric medical devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Durability and reliability of medical polymers is an essential tool for all materials scientists, researchers and engineers involved in the design, development and application of medical polymers, whilst also providing a helpful overview of the subject for biologists, chemist and clinicians. Comprehensively examines the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers Discusses the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications, before reviewing the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers Explores the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers and discusses wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body

Plastics in Medical Devices

Plastics in Medical Devices
Properties, Requirements, and Applications

by Vinny R. Sastri

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2021-10-01
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN : 0323851274
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plastics in Medical Devices: Properties, Requirements, and Applications, Third Edition provides a comprehensive overview on the main types of plastics used in medical device applications. The book focuses on the applications and properties that are most important in medical device design, such as chemical resistance, sterilization capability and biocompatibility. The roles of additives, stabilizers and fillers as well as the synthesis and production of polymers are covered and backed up with a wealth of data tables. The book also covers other key aspects in detail, including regulations, compliance, purchasing controls and supplier controls, and process validation. This updated edition has been thoroughly revised with regard to new plastic materials, applications and requirements. This is a valuable resource for engineers, scientists and managers involved in the design and manufacture of medical devices. Presents detailed coverage of commercially available plastics used in medical device applications, organized by polymer type and supported by data Includes up-to-date regulatory requirements and practical information on purchasing and supplier controls, process validation and risk management Supports the development, marketing and commercialization of medical devices and materials for use in medical devices

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers
Materials and Properties

by Xiang Cheng Zhang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-22
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 0081003935
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications
A Book

by Laura Poole-Warren,Penny Martens,Rylie Green

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-11-23
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 1782421130
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules
A Book

by Hsinjin Edwin Yang,Roger French,Laura Bruckman

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2019-04-15
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 0128115459
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules describes the durability and reliability behavior of polymers used in Si-photovoltaic modules and systems, particularly in terms of physical aging and degradation process/mechanisms, characterization methods, accelerated exposure chamber and testing, module level testing, and service life prediction. The book compares polymeric materials to traditional materials used in solar applications, explaining the degradation pathways of the different elements of a photovoltaic module, including encapsulant, front sheet, back sheet, wires and connectors, adhesives, sealants, and more. In addition, users will find sections on the tests needed for the evaluation of polymer degradation and aging, as well as accelerated tests to aid in materials selection. As demand for photovoltaics continues to grow globally, with polymer photovoltaics offering significantly lower production costs compared to earlier approaches, this book will serve as a welcome resource on new avenues. Provides comprehensive coverage of photovoltaic polymers, from fundamental degradation mechanisms, to specific case studies of durability and materials failure Offers practical, actionable information in relation to service life prediction of photovoltaic modules and accelerated testing for materials selection Includes up-to-date information and interpretation of safety regulations and testing of photovoltaic modules and materials

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices
A Book

by J Pan

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-10-24
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 1782420258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates

Biomaterials in Plastic Surgery

Biomaterials in Plastic Surgery
Breast Implants

by W Peters,H Brandon,K L Jerina,C Wolf,V L Young

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-07-02
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0857096419
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Employed for both cosmetic and reconstructive purposes, breast implants are one of the most widely-used and controversial prostheses available. The development of safe, reliable products is vital to the future of this important field of surgery. Biomaterials in plastic surgery reviews the history, materials and safety issues associated with breast implants. Beginning with an introduction to the history of biomaterials used for breast augmentation, Biomaterials in plastic surgery goes on to discuss development issues. It then discusses the chemistry and physical properties of biomedical silicones before reviewing cohesive gel and polyurethane foam implants. The book concludes by analysing the epidemiological evidence on the safety issues relating to breast implants, followed by a review of retrieval and analysis of breast implants emphasizing strength, durability and failure mechanisms. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Biomaterials in plastic surgery is an important guide for surgeons, manufacturers and all those researching this important field. Comprehensively examines the history, materials and safety issues associated with breast implants Provides an overview of the history of biomaterials used for breast augmentation and goes on to discuss the development and chemical and physical properties of biomedical silicones Reviews cohesive gel breast implants and polyurethane foam breast implants

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications
From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine

by Giuseppe Perale,Jöns Hilborn

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-08-24
  • Pages : 628
  • ISBN : 0081002661
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications

Materials for Biomedical Engineering: Absorbable Polymers

Materials for Biomedical Engineering: Absorbable Polymers
A Book

by Alexandru Grumezescu,Valentina Grumezescu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-06-28
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 0128184167
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials for Biomedical Engineering: Absorbable Polymers provides a detailed and comprehensive review of recent progress in absorbable biopolymers and their impact on biomedical engineering. The book's main focus lies in their classification, processing, properties and performance, biocompatibility, and their applications in tissue engineering, drug delivery, bone repair and regenerative medicine. The most up-to-date methods used to obtain such polymers and how to improve their properties is discussed in detail. This book provides readers with a comprehensive and updated review of the latest research in the field of absorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Provides knowledge of the range of absorbable polymers currently available, enabling the reader to make optimal materials selection decisions Presents detailed information on current and proposed applications of the latest developments Includes a strong emphasis on chemistry and physico-chemical characterization of these materials and their application in biomedical engineering

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by L Yahia

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-03-19
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 0857097059
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are an emerging class of smart polymers which give scientists the ability to process the material into a permanent state and predefine a second temporary state which can be triggered by different stimuli. The changing chemistries of SMPs allows scientists to tailor important properties such as strength, stiffness, elasticity and expansion rate. Consequently SMPs are being increasingly used and developed for minimally invasive applications where the material can expand and develop post insertion. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of shape memory polymer technologies. Part 1 will discuss the fundamentals and mechanical aspects of SMPs. Chapters in part 2 will look at the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation whilst the final set of chapters will review applications. Reviews the fundamentals of shape memory polymers with chapters focussing on the basic principles of the materials Comprehensive coverage of design and mechanical aspects of SMPs Expert analysis of the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation

Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers

Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers
A Book

by Aldo R. Boccaccini,P.X. Ma

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-06-11
  • Pages : 728
  • ISBN : 0857097164
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The second edition of Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers comprehensively reviews the latest advances in this area rapidly evolving area of biomaterials science. Part one considers the biomaterials used for tissue engineering. It introduces the properties and processing of bioactive ceramics and glasses, as well as polymeric biomaterials, particularly biodegradable polymer phase nanocomposites. Part two reviews the advances in techniques for processing, characterization, and modeling of materials. The topics covered range from nanoscale design in biomineralization strategies for bone tissue engineering to microscopy techniques for characterizing cells to materials for perfusion bioreactors. Further, carrier systems and biosensors in biomedical applications are considered. Finally, part three looks at the specific types of tissue and organ regeneration, with chapters concerning kidney, bladder, peripheral nerve, small intestine, skeletal muscle, cartilage, liver, and myocardial tissue engineering. Important developments in collagen-based tubular constructs, bioceramic nanoparticles, and multifunctional scaffolds for tissue engineering and drug delivery are also explained. Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers is a valuable reference tool for both academic researchers and scientists involved in biomaterials or tissue engineering, including the areas of bone and soft-tissue reconstruction and repair, and organ regeneration. Second edition comprehensively examines the latest advances in ceramic and polymers in tissue engineering Provides readers with general information on polymers and ceramics and looks at the processing, characterization, and modeling Reviews the latest research and advances in tissue and organ regeneration using ceramics and polymers

Bioresorbable Polymers

Bioresorbable Polymers
Biomedical Applications

by Declan Devine

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2019-04-15
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 3110640570
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioresorbable implants can be processed via conventional polymer processing methods such as extrusion, injection and compressing moulding, solvent spinning or casting. This book addresses issues and highlights recent advances in the use of biodegradable polymers. It is intended for researchers utilizing biodegradable polymers in areas from tissue engineering to controlled release of active pharmaceuticals, as well as industrial processors.

Functional Materials and Advanced Manufacturing

Functional Materials and Advanced Manufacturing
3-Volume Set

by Chander Prakash,Sunpreet Singh,J. Paulo Davim

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-10-26
  • Pages : 680
  • ISBN : 1000193209
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This three-volume set addresses a new knowledge of function materials, their processing, and their characterizations. "Functional and Smart Materials", covered the synthesis and fabrication route of functional and smart materials for universal applications such as material science, mechanical engineering, manufacturing, metrology, nanotechnology, physics, chemical, biology, chemistry, civil engineering, and food science. "Advanced Manufacturing and Processing Technology" covers the advanced manufacturing technologies includes coating, deposition, cladding, nanotechnology, surface finishing, precision machining, processing, and emerging advanced manufacturing technologies for processing of materials for functional applications. "Characterization, Testing, Measurement and Metrology" covered the application of new and advanced characterization techniques to investigate and analysis the processed materials.

Functional and Smart Materials

Functional and Smart Materials
A Book

by Chander Prakash,Sunpreet Singh,J. Paulo Davim

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-10-25
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 1000193152
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a comprehensive and broad-spectrum picture of the state-of-the-art research, development, and commercial prospective of various discoveries conducted in the real world of functional and smart materials. This book presents various synthesis and fabrication routes of function and smart materials for universal applications such as material science, mechanical engineering, manufacturing, metrology, nanotechnology, physics, biology, chemistry, civil engineering, and food science. The content of this book opens various scientific horizons proved to be beneficial for uplifting the standards of day-to-day practices in the biomedical domain. Myriad innovations in the materials science and engineering are transforming our everyday lives in extraordinary ways. This book captures the emerging areas of materials science and advanced manufacturing engineering and presents recent trends in research for researchers, field engineers, and academic professionals.

Forensic Polymer Engineering

Forensic Polymer Engineering
Why Polymer Products Fail in Service

by Peter Rhys Lewis

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-06-09
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 0081007280
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Forensic Polymer Engineering: Why Polymer Products Fail in Service, Second Edition presents and explains the latest forensic engineering techniques used in the investigation of failed polymer materials that are illustrated with a very large number of detailed case studies which show the different types of failure and the forensic engineering techniques used in their investigation. In this updated edition, new case studies have been added to include patent disputes and failed products such as spiral wound wall storage tanks, lithium battery explosions, water bottle failures, and breast implant failures (such as the PIP scandal). New images demonstrating failure have been included, and images from the previous edition are reproduced in color and enhanced with additional explanatory detail. With a dedicated focus on polymeric materials, the book includes details on the experimental techniques that are used to characterize the materials, particularly in cases of failure. Finally, the book has information on the fabrication of polymer devices, as manufacturing flaws often play a role in failure. Demonstrates the latest forensic engineering techniques used in the investigation of failed polymer components Presents detailed case studies that illustrate different types of failure in polymer components, fittings, and medical devices Examines the role of manufacturing in product failure with an overview of faults recognized in methods, design, and material selection Provides an integrated approach to polymer failures that covers everything from basic materials properties, through to the experimental techniques required to study them

Bioresorbable Polymers and their Biomedical Applications

Bioresorbable Polymers and their Biomedical Applications
A Book

by Declan M Devine

  • Publisher : Smithers Rapra
  • Release : 2017-04-10
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 1911088092
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioresorbable or biodegradable polymers are commonly used in various biomedical applications. The application of bioresorbable polymers in the biomedical sector has been widely exploited by immobilising suturing thread with an analgesic or antibacterial drugs, and the development of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds, wound-healing and intravenous drug-delivery devices. Furthermore, biodegradable polymers have been investigated as a replacement for metallic orthopaedic devices due to their precise control of material composition and microstructure. These polymers are eliminated from the body via dissolution, assimilation and excretion through metabolic pathways. The hydrolysing process breaks down the polymer into smaller units and its degradation products are excreted by means of the citric acid cycle or by direct renal excretion with no residual side effects.Processing of bioresorbable implants can be achieved via conventional polymer processing methods such as extrusion, injection and compressing moulding, solvent spinning or casting. However, special consideration must be given when processing these materials because heat can cause a reduction in molecular weight due to the hydrolysing of bonds. In addition, overheating can depolymerise the polymer and, as a result, monomers can have a plasticising effect on the polymer. Recently, alternative approaches utilising rapid prototyping and micro-/nanofabrication processes have been employed.This book addresses these issues and highlights recent advances in the biomedical field that have being enabled by the use of biodegradable polymers. This book is designed as a reference guide for academic researchers utilising biodegradable polymers in a range of areas from tissue engineering to controlled release of active pharmaceuticals, through to industry-based processors of biodegradable polymers.

Materials for Medical Application

Materials for Medical Application
A Book

by Robert B. Heimann

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2020-08-24
  • Pages : 637
  • ISBN : 3110619318
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book gives an introduction to the highly interdisciplinary field of biomaterials. It concisely summarizes properties, synthesis and modification of materials such as metals, ceramics, polymers or composites. Characterization, in vitro and in vivo testing as well as a selection of various applications are also part of this inevitable guide.

Bioplastics for Sustainable Development

Bioplastics for Sustainable Development
A Book

by Mohammed Kuddus

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9811618232
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Repair Strategies

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Repair Strategies
A Book

by Giuseppe Perale,Filippo Rossi

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-10-30
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN : 0081028083
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Repair Strategies provides researchers the latest information on potential regenerative approaches to spinal cord injury, specifically focusing on therapeutic approaches that target regeneration, including cell therapies, controlled drug delivery systems, and biomaterials. Dr. Giuseppe Perale and Dr. Filippo Rossi lead a team of authoritative authors in academia and industry in this innovative reference on the field of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. This book presents all the information readers need to understand the current and potential array of techniques, materials, applications and their benefits for spinal cord repair. Covers current and future repair strategies for spinal cord injury repair Focuses on key research trends, clinics, biology and engineering Provides fundamentals on regenerative engineering and tissue engineering

Medical Modelling

Medical Modelling
The Application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping Techniques in Medicine

by Richard Bibb,Dominic Eggbeer,Abby Paterson

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2014-12-13
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 1782423133
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Medical modelling and the principles of medical imaging, Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Rapid Prototyping (also known as Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing) are important techniques relating to various disciplines - from biomaterials engineering to surgery. Building on the success of the first edition, Medical Modelling: The application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping techniques in medicine provides readers with a revised edition of the original text, along with key information on innovative imaging techniques, Rapid Prototyping technologies and case studies. Following an overview of medical imaging for Rapid Prototyping, the book goes on to discuss working with medical scan data and techniques for Rapid Prototyping. In this second edition there is an extensive section of peer-reviewed case studies, describing the practical applications of advanced design technologies in surgical, prosthetic, orthotic, dental and research applications. Covers the steps towards rapid prototyping, from conception (modelling) to manufacture (manufacture) Includes a comprehensive case studies section on the practical application of computer-aided design (CAD) and rapid prototyping (RP) Provides an insight into medical imaging for rapid prototyping and working with medical scan data