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Early Nutrition and Long-Term Health

Early Nutrition and Long-Term Health
Mechanisms, Consequences, and Opportunities

by Jose M Saavedra,Anne M. Dattilo

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-11-29
  • Pages : 620
  • ISBN : 008100186X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The nutrition of an individual during gestation and the first two years of life—the first 1,000 days—sets the stage for lifelong health. Nutrition quality and quantity in this period can influence the risk of developing diseases that constitute today’s epidemics. Early-life nutrition can program the body’s tissues, organ structure and function, and metabolic and immunologic responses. These factors impact growth, development and cognition, and the risk of cardiovascular diseases, allergies and obesity. The first part of Early Nutrition and Long-Term Health examines the mechanisms by which early nutrition affects the risk of developing these conditions. The second part of this book reviews specific non-communicable diseases (NCDs) associated with early nutrition. The third part discusses the effects of nutritional programming from fetal life to toddlerhood. Prevention of over- or undernutrition in early life, rather than dietary, behavioral or therapeutic interventions in later life, is likely to have a greater return on society’s investment in coping with the modern epidemic of NCDs. Examines the relation between early life nutrition and long-term health Covers the mechanistic aspects of nutritional programming and its impact on risk of chronic non-communicable diseases Reviews associations between infant and child diet and its effect on growth, development, cognition and later occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, allergies, metabolic conditions and obesity

Early Nutrition: Impact on Short- and Long-Term Health

Early Nutrition: Impact on Short- and Long-Term Health
A Book

by H. van Goudoever,S. Guandalini,R.E. Kleinman

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2011-10-06
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 3805597460
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this book, a selected group of international experts review nutritional practices and feeding behaviors in infancy and early childhood. They present the latest knowledge on feeding practices during the period considered and their effect on growth, development, and immediate and long-term health. One of the main topics discussed involves feeding practices in the newborn critical care unit, concentrating on the use of human donor milk and probiotics in the diet of premature and ill newborns. Another point of focus is the causes and the effect of an insufficient intake of selected micronutrients, such as iron and zinc, which is highly prevalent particularly in the developing world. Besides, this publication contains information on the influence of early feeding habits on the later development of a number of health-related issues such as food allergies, later food preferences and eating habits, obesity, bone development, the risk of developing celiac disease in genetically predisposed children.This volume provides essential reading for pediatricians, clinical investigators and health workers interested in the effects of early nutrition on health.

Investigations of Early Nutrition Effects on Long-Term Health

Investigations of Early Nutrition Effects on Long-Term Health
Methods and Applications

by Paul C. Guest

  • Publisher : Humana
  • Release : 2019-06-04
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 9781493985333
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume contains several reviews in the field as well as the step-by-step use of targeted and global approaches within the areas of genomics, epigenetics, proteomics, transcriptomics and metabolomics which aim to address this dilemma and to help pinpoint new treatment strategies. Chapters detail the generation of several models and methods for assessing health and provide researchers potential approaches for reversing or minimizing effects of disease. In addition, important information on disease mechanisms is provided, as each method is described in the context of a specific disease or therapeutic area. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, the chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Investigations of Early Nutrition Effects on Long-Term Health: Methods and Applications aim is to provide insights into the latest ideas and technologies .enabling progress in this field.

The Power of Programming

The Power of Programming
Impact of Early Nutrition on Long Term Health

by L. Poston,V. Jaddoe,B. Koletzko

  • Publisher : S Karger Ag
  • Release : 2014-10-06
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 9783318027419
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This special topic issue of 'Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism' contains contributions discussing the subject in-dephth. 'Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism' is a well-respected, international peer-reviewed journal in 'Nutrition'. Special topic issues are included in the subscription.

Nutrition and Development

Nutrition and Development
Short and Long Term Consequences for Health

by BNF (British Nutrition Foundation)

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-04-16
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 1118541111
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Task Force report reviews the evidence that the seeds ofmany adult diseases are sown in utero and in infancy. The report,written by experts in the field, summarises current knowledge inthis area. It illustrates how early life nutrition can bring aboutchanges in organ development and function, thus programming risk ofdisease in adult life. It also considers what might be done inearly life to reduce the burden of future ill health. Nutrition and Development: Short- and Long-Term Consequencesfor Health includes chapters on the history of this topic area,normal growth and development, and current recommendations andpractice in relation to nutrition and diet in early life. Chaptersexploring the possible mechanisms and pathways of critical windowsfor development cover the effects of diet and nutrition in earlylife on organ and skeletal development, the role of sex hormones inprogramming disease susceptibility, the establishment ofgastrointestinal microbiota, and the impact of early life nutritionon cognitive and neurological development. This new report: • describes how development occurs and explores howchanges in the fetal and postnatal environment, such as over- orunder-nutrition, can result in permanent alterations infunction; • explains how diet and nutrition in early life canaffect risk of adult disease, with specific chapters on allergicdisease and asthma, bone health, cancer, cardiovascular disease,cognitive function, diabetes and obesity; • includes a summary of the key points, as well asrecommendations in each chapter to help fill the gaps in ourknowledge; • provides an overview of the main messages in apractical question and answer format suitable for lay readers. Nutrition and Development is an important informationresource for those involved in research and teaching in the healthsciences sector and is also of value to those involved in makingdecisions about health policy. It will be of interest to a broadrange of health professionals, the food industry and those whowrite and broadcast about the effects of food on health.

Early Nutrition and its Later Consequences: New Opportunities

Early Nutrition and its Later Consequences: New Opportunities
Perinatal Programming of Adult Health - EC Supported Research

by Berthold Koletzko,Peter Dodds,Hans Akerblom,Margaret Ashwell

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-03-30
  • Pages : 237
  • ISBN : 1402035357
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Health problems such as hypertension, tendency to diabetes, obesity, blood lipids, vascular disease, bone health, behaviour and learning and longevity may be ‘imprinted’ during early life. This process is defined as ‘programming’ whereby a nutritional stimulus operating at a critical, sensitive period of pre and postnatal life imprints permanent effects on the structure, physiology and metabolism. For this reason, academics and industry set-up the EC supported Scientific Workshop -Early Nutrition and its Later Consequences: New Opportunities. The prime objective of the Workshop was to generate a sound exchange of the latest scientific developments within the field of early nutrition to look for opportunities for new preventive health concepts. Further, a closer look was taken at the development of food applications which could provide (future) mothers and infants with improved nutrition that will ultimately lead to better future health. The Workshop was organised by the Dept. of Pediatrics, University of Munich, Germany in collaboration with the Danone Institutes and the Infant Nutrition Cluster, a collaboration of three large research projects funded by the EU.

Preventive Aspects of Early Nutrition

Preventive Aspects of Early Nutrition
85th Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop, London, November 2014

by M. S. Fewtrell,F. Haschke,S. L. Prescott

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016-04
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 9783318056426
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is ample evidence that early-life nutrition plays a powerful role in programming a person's development, metabolism and health for the future. Optimizing early nutrition may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases, allergies, diabetes and obesity, and positively influence immune function as well as cognitive and behavioral outcomes later in life. The first part of this book covers the impact of nutrition on the immune system, the role of gut microbiota in the immune status, as well as the prevention and management of food allergies in children. The second part is dedicated to obesity prevention: experts in epigenetics and metabolic programming share scientific evidence on the use of biomarkers for predicting the risk of early obesity. They also discuss potential strategies for interrupting intergenerational cycles of obesity during pregnancy, early infancy and childhood. The last part covers complementary feeding and its importance in short- and long-term health, and how it can affect behavioral and psychological aspects, as well as food preferences in later life.

Long-term Care in Health Care Reform

Long-term Care in Health Care Reform
Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Aging of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session, on Examining Long-term Health Care Reform Issues, April 11 and 14, 1994. Parts I and II

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Labor and Human Resources. Subcommittee on Aging

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Early Nutrition Programming and Health Outcomes in Later Life: Obesity and beyond

Early Nutrition Programming and Health Outcomes in Later Life: Obesity and beyond
A Book

by Berthold Koletzko,Tamás Decsi,Denes Molnár,Anne Hunty

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-01-31
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 1402091737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally and presents a major challenge to policy makers and clinicians alike. Recent research has suggested that obesity has its origins in early life and that early diet can programme a developing fetus’ and young infant’s future susceptibility to obesity. This volume contains recent findings presented at the International Conference on Early Nutrition Programming and Health Outcomes in Later Life: Obesity and Beyond - a satellite meeting of the 15th European Congress on Obesity, held in Budapest in April 2007. Basic scientific research, data from epidemiological studies and clinical trial results were all presented during the programme. This volume includes articles discussing the evidence for an effect of early nutrition programming on later obesity and cardiovascular risk; the growing evidence for an intergenerational cycle of obesity; the role of maternal leptin in programming appetite; possible cellular mechanisms for altered energy balance, including mitochondrial programming and the effects of regulators of metabolism; and how epigenetic changes might be the fundamental underlying mechanism explaining programming effects. Consumer understanding of the concept of early nutrition programming and the extent to which early nutrition programming is taken into account in infant feeding policies are also discussed.

The Childhood Environment and Adult Disease

The Childhood Environment and Adult Disease
A Book

by Gregory R. Bock,Julie Whelan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-04-30
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 0470514051
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern technology has made possible epidemiological studies that relate aspects of neonatal health to disease in adult life. This symposium is the first to draw together information from this new research area. Explores links between early growth and the risk of high blood pressure, stroke and coronary heart disease in adult life; poor growth of babies and inadequate growth and nutrition of mothers; and levels of blood cholesterol and clotting factors. Other chapters consider the connections between early nutrition and adult immunocompetence and risk of allergic diseases; critical periods in the development of both the brain and visual system; and possible origins of schizophrenia. Examines the consequences of adverse early experiences for adult psychosocial functioning.

Long-term Consequences of Early Feeding

Long-term Consequences of Early Feeding
A Book

by John Boulton,Zvi Laron,Jean Rey

  • Publisher : Raven Press
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 243
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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(Wkshp. Cebu City Philippines 10/94) Early feeding & somatic development/mental development & malnutrition/etc.

Nutrition of the Very Low Birthweight Infant

Nutrition of the Very Low Birthweight Infant
A Book

by Ekhard E. Ziegler,Alan Lucas (MD.),Guido E. Moro

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica

Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica
Supplement

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Newsweek

Newsweek
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pediatric Annals

Pediatric Annals
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings

Proceedings
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Early Life Nutrition and Adult Health and Development

Early Life Nutrition and Adult Health and Development
Lessons from Changing Dietary Patterns, Famines and Experimental Studies

by L. H. Lumey,Alexander Vaiserman

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2013-01-01
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 9781624171291
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Clinical, experimental and epidemiological studies suggest that chronic diseases may have their origin during early life and that early nutrition could be a key factor. New DNA technologies have been applied to evaluate possible long-term changes after exposure to famine in early life. These new instruments may clarify possible biological mechanisms linking early-life nutritional insults to health in adulthood. This book presents a state of the art overview of possible mechanisms for nutritional programming in relation to changes in dietary patterns. It also provides examples of nutrition deprivation in various famine settings around the world, mostly during conditions of war or political strife, and of the short and long-term outcomes after nutrition deprivation in these populations. This book includes contributions from many disciplines and represents the most comprehensive summary to date of long-term health and economic outcomes related to specific famines. The book is intended for those who are interested in the early origins of health and disease from a biological perspective, and those who want to know more about the long-term social, epidemiological and demographic consequences of specific famines in modern history.

Introductory Nutrition

Introductory Nutrition
A Book

by Helen Andrews Guthrie

  • Publisher : Mosby Incorporated
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Feeding During Late Infancy and Early Childhood

Feeding During Late Infancy and Early Childhood
Impact on Health

by Olle Hernell,Jacques Schmitz

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2005-01-01
  • Pages : 237
  • ISBN : 3805579063
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In its resolution WHA54.2 (2001) the WHO recommends the promotion and support of exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, and then the provision of safe and appropriate complementary foods whilst continuing breastfeeding until 2 years of age or beyond. The 56 Nutrition Workshop has been specifically developed to review the medical and scientific aspects of these topics and to sustain the Nestle Development Nutrition Program (NDNP).

Effective Care of the Newborn Infant

Effective Care of the Newborn Infant
A Book

by John C. Sinclair,Michael B. Bracken

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 650
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This companion volume to the highly acclaimed Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth (OUP 1989, edited by Iain Chalmers et al.) evaluates the care of newborn infants. Medical research has produced an explosion of new knowledge concerning the causes, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the newborn infant. As the pace of therapeutic innovation quickens, there is an increasing need for efficient access to information concerning the probable effects of therapy. This book meets the urgent demand for a systematic summary of the best available evidence concerning the expected outcomes of therapeutic decisions in neonatology. This revolutionary work consists fundamentally of quantitative reviews of randomized trials of alternative courses of action. It contains some 2000 new analyses of data from the clinical trials literature, representing the vast majority of randomized trials in neonatology. The result is the first systematic review of evidence from randomized clinical trials in this field and an explicit dissection of the research data supporting, or in some cases not supporting, clinical management of the newborn. This book will interest pediatricians, especially neonatologists; obstetricians, especially maternal-fetal medicine specialists; family practitioners; and epidemiologists.