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Eco-efficient Materials for Reducing Cooling Needs in Buildings and Construction

Eco-efficient Materials for Reducing Cooling Needs in Buildings and Construction
Design, Properties and Applications

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Lech Czarnecki,Anna Laura Pisello,Luisa F. Cabeza,Claes Goran-Granqvist

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-10-05
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 0128209437
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Eco-efficient Materials for Reducing Cooling Needs in Buildings and Construction: Design, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive review on building envelope materials and technologies for reducing cooling needs in buildings. The book offers in-depth analysis of the performance of new innovative materials and technologies used in pavements, facade and roofing materials, PCMs and chromogenic smart materials. Includes practical case study examples of their applications in building and construction. The book is an essential reference resource for researchers, architects and civil engineers, city planners, product developers, manufacturers, and other professionals working in eco-efficient cooling materials and sustainable and zero-energy building design. Offers a comprehensive review of building envelope materials and technologies for reducing cooling needs Features practical case studies, which are fundamental for building design and applications Provides in-depth analysis of performance for different materials and technologies Features brand new chapters on pavements, facade and roofing materials, PCMs and chromogenic smart materials

Eco-efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs

Eco-efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs
Design, Properties and Applications

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Joao Labrincha,Luisa Cabeza,Claes Goeran Granqvist

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-02-27
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 1782424016
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change is one of the most important environmental problems faced by Planet Earth. The majority of CO2 emissions come from burning fossil fuels for energy production and improvements in energy efficiency shows the greatest potential for any single strategy to abate global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy sector. Energy related emissions account for almost 80% of the EU's total greenhouse gas emissions. The building sector is the largest energy user responsible for about 40% of the EU’s total final energy consumption. In Europe the number of installed air conditioning systems has increased 500% over the last 20 years, but in that same period energy cooling needs have increased more than 20 times. The increase in energy cooling needs relates to the current higher living and working standards. In urban environments with low outdoor air quality (the general case) this means that in summer-time one cannot count on natural ventilation to reduce cooling needs. Do not forget the synergistic effect between heat waves and air pollution which means that outdoor air quality is worse in the summer aggravating cooling needs. Over the next few years this phenomenon will become much worse because more people will live in cities, more than 2 billion by 2050 and global warming will aggravate cooling needs. An overview of materials to lessen the impact of urban heat islands Excellent coverage of building materials to reduce air condtioning needs Innovative products discussed such as Thermo and Electrochromic materials

Construction 4.0

Construction 4.0
Advanced Technology, Tools and Materials for the Digital Transformation of the Construction Industry

by Marco Casini

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-12-01
  • Pages : 694
  • ISBN : 0128218037
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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At the beginning of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the advent of digitalization, innovative technologies and materials, and new construction techniques have begun transforming the way that infrastructure, real estate, and other built assets can be designed, constructed, and operated in order to create a more attractive, energy-efficient, comfortable, affordable, safe, and sustainable built environment. Developments in materials and cutting-edge technologies (such as artificial intelligence, robotics, nanotechnology, 3D printing, and biotechnology) have finally started to move the construction towards a new era. Massive changes are occurring as a result of the possibilities created by big data and the Internet of Things, along with the technological advances that are driving down the cost of sensors, data storage, and computer services. Construction 4.0: Advanced Technology, Tools and Materials for the Digital Transformation of the Construction Industry presents a thorough review of developments in materials, emerging trends, cutting-edge technologies, and strategies in the fields of smart building design, construction, and operation, providing the reader with a comprehensive guideline on how to exploit the new possibilities offered by the digital revolution. It will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, material scientists, and civil engineers, undergraduate and graduate students, and other professionals working in the fields of smart eco-efficient construction and cutting-edge technologies applied to construction. Features discussions on how nanomaterials, bio-based materials, and recycled materials are applied in the construction of buildings Analyzes the lifecycle of materials, buildings and design and construction operations Covers new methodologies and construction processes Provides case studies on cutting-edge digital technology such as AI and machine learning Examines all aspects of sustainability, including end-of-life of buildings

Utilization of Thermal Potential of Abandoned Wells

Utilization of Thermal Potential of Abandoned Wells
Fundamentals, Applications and Research

by Younes Noorollahi,Muhammad Nihal Naseer,Muhammad Mobin Siddiqi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2022-04-29
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0323908306
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Utilization of Thermal Potential of Abandoned Wells: Fundamentals, Applications and Research is a lucid treatment of the fundamental concepts related to the energy harvesting of abandoned wells. The book provides a journey through recent technological developments to harvest energy from abandoned geothermal wells and allows the reader to view the process from a thermodynamic and numerical modeling perspective. Various applications and future prospects are also discussed to help inform reader’s future work and research. Students, researchers and engineers will gain a thorough understanding on how to harvest energy from abandoned geothermal wells, particularly to make sound thermodynamic and economic evaluations. System designers and others engaged in the energy sector will understand how to design and choose the most appropriate technology, how to determine its efficiency, monitor the facility, and how to make informed physical and economical decisions for necessary improvements and environmental assessments. Logically works through fundamentals, with various examples throughout Provides instruction to simulate thermodynamic models and design efficient systems Presents feasibility studies and applications

Self-Healing Materials

Self-Healing Materials
Principles and Technology

by George Wypych

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2022-04-01
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1774670038
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Self-Healing Materials: Principles and Technology, Second Edition provides engineers and researchers in both industry and academia the information they need to deploy self-healing technology in a range of potential applications, from adhesives to the automotive industry, and from electronics to biomedical implants. Sections discuss the principal mechanisms of self-healing and how these are applied to the development of materials that have the ability to repair themselves, either with minimal or no human intervention. In addition, the book provides a theoretical background and a review of the major research undertaken to date, providing a thorough grounding in this concept and related technology. Other sections compare the parameters of different self-healing technological processes, such as fault detection mechanisms, methods of triggering and turning off the healing processes, the activation energy of self-healing processes, the means and methods of delivery of the healing substances to the defect locations, self-healing timescale (rate of self-healing), and the extent of self-healing (healing efficiency, recovery of properties, etc.). In addition, mathematical modeling of the processes of self-healing (molecular dynamics simulation), the morphology of healed areas, and other important topics are thoroughly discussed. Helps materials scientists and engineers reduce risk of degradation and materials failure by using self-healing materials in a range of applications Provides real-world application examples so practitioners can assess the applicability and usefulness of self-healing materials in their work Includes guidance on the efficiency and efficacy of self-healing mechanisms, with coverage of different parameters considered and methodologies used Discusses typical aids and additives in self-healing materials, including plasticizers, catalysts, shape-memory components, and more

Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials

Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials
A Book

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Serji Amirkhanian,Hao Wang,Erik Schlangen

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-01-18
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 0128189827
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials acquaints engineers with research findings on new eco-efficient pavement materials and how they can be incorporated into future pavements. Divided into three distinctive parts, the book emphasizes current research topics such as pavements with recycled waste, pavements for climate change mitigation, self-healing pavements, and pavements with energy harvesting potential. Part One considers techniques for recycling, Part Two reviews the contribution of pavements for climate change mitigation, including cool pavements, the development of new coatings for high albedo targets, and the design of pervious pavements. Finally, Part Three focuses on self-healing pavements, addressing novel materials and design and performance. Finally, the book discusses the case of pavements with energy harvesting potential, addressing different technologies on this field. Offers a clear and concise lifecycle assessment of asphalt pavement recycling for greenhouse gas emission with temporal aspects Applies key research trends to green the pavement industry Includes techniques for recycling waste materials, the design of cool pavements, self-healing mechanisms, and key steps in energy harvesting

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Eco-Labelling and Case Studies

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Luisa F. Cabeza,Joao Labrincha,Aldo Giuntini de Magalhaes

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2014-02-14
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 0857097725
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials. Part one discusses the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to building materials as well as eco-labeling. Part two includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building. Part three includes case studies applying LCA methodology to particular structures and components. Reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials Provides a thorough overview, including strengths and shortcomings, of the life cycle assessment (LCA) and eco-labeling of eco-efficient construction and building materials Includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building

Bio-Based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-Efficient Construction

Bio-Based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-Efficient Construction
A Book

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Daniel C. W. Tsang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
  • Release : 2020-03-02
  • Pages : 630
  • ISBN : 0128194812
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bio-based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-efficient Construction fills a gap in the published literature, discussing bio-based materials and biotechnologies that are crucial for a more sustainable construction industry. With comprehensive coverage and contributions from leading experts in the field, the book includes sections on Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for infrastructure applications, Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for building energy efficiency, and other applications, such as using biotechnology to reduce indoor air pollution, for water treatment, and in soil decontamination. The book will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, civil engineers, contractors working in construction works, postgraduate students and other professionals.

Nano and Biotech Based Materials for Energy Building Efficiency

Nano and Biotech Based Materials for Energy Building Efficiency
A Book

by F. Pacheco Torgal,Cinzia Buratti,S. Kalaiselvam,Claes-Göran Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-02-04
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 3319275054
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the current state of knowledge on nanomaterials and their use in buildings, ranging from glazing and vacuum insulation to PCM composites. It also discusses recent applications in organic photovoltaics, photo-bioreactors, bioplastics and foams, making it an exciting read while also providing copious references to current research and applications for those wanting to pursue possible future research directions. Derek Clements-Croome, Emeritus Professor in Architectural Engineering, University of Reading (From the Foreword) Demonstrating how higher energy efficiency in new and existing buildings can help reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, this book details the way in which new technologies, manufacturing processes and products can serve to abate emissions from the energy sector and offer a cost-effective means of improving competitiveness and drive employment. Maximizing reader insights into how nano and biotech materials – such as aerogel based plasters, thermochromic glazings and thermal energy adsorbing glass, amongst others – can provide high energy efficiency performance in buildings, it provides practitioners in the field with an important high-tech tool to tackle key challenges and is essential reading for civil engineers, architects, materials scientists and researchers in the area of the sustainability of the built environment.

Start-Up Creation

Start-Up Creation
The Smart Eco-efficient Built Environment

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Erik Stavnsager Rasmussen,Claes G. Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov,Habil Arturas Kaklauskas,Stephen Makonin

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-05-14
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN : 0081005490
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Start-Up Creation: The Smart Eco-efficient Built Environment provides a state-of-the-art review on high-technology applications and explains how these can be applied to improve the eco-efficiency of the built environment. Divided into four main parts, the book explains the key factors behind successful startup companies that grow from university research, including the development of a business plan, the importance of intellectual property, necessary entrepreneurial skills, and innovative thinking. Part Two presents the latest research findings on nano and bio-based technologies and their application and use to the energy efficiency of the built environment. Part Three focuses on the use of genetic algorithms, Big Data, and the Internet of Things applications. Finally, the book ends with an entire section dedicated to App development using selected case studies that illustrate their application and use for monitoring building energy-efficiency. Presents a definitive guide for startups that arise from college and university research, and how the application of advanced technologies can be applied to the built environment Includes case studies on new advanced technologies and apps development Links startup creation to the eco-efficient built environment through software applications

Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Food Security in Egypt

Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Food Security in Egypt
Land and Water Resources—Smart Farming—Livestock, Fishery, and Aquaculture

by El-Sayed Ewis Omran,Abdelazim M. Negm

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-04-08
  • Pages : 652
  • ISBN : 3030416291
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book gathers contributions discussing climate change in Egypt from an agricultural perspective. Written by leading experts, it presents state-of-the-art insights and the latest research developments in light of the most recent IPCC report. Focusing on identifying the specific phenomena that affect climate change in Egypt, the book also addresses the effects of climate change in Egypt, particularly examining the quality and quantity of water resources as well as the socio-economic impacts of climate change on agricultural activities. Furthermore, it explores alternative solutions to support agriculture and food security and raises awareness of adaptation and protection as the key to adapting to the risks posed by climate change. Covering the four fundamental pillars of climate change: food security, availability, access and stability, this book is a valuable resource for stakeholders involved in achieving the 2030 sustainable development goals in Egypt and all countries with similar climatic conditions. It is also a unique source of information and updates on climate change impacts for graduates, researchers, policy planners, and decision-makers.

Nature-Based Solutions to 21st Century Challenges

Nature-Based Solutions to 21st Century Challenges
A Book

by Robert C. Brears

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-04-15
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 100004775X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a systematic review of nature-based solutions and their potential to address current environmental challenges. In the 21st century, society is faced by rapid urbanisation and population growth, degradation and loss of natural capital and associated ecosystem services, an increase in natural disaster risks, and climate change. With growing recognition of the need to work with ecosystems to resolve these issues there is now a move towards nature-based solutions, which involve utilising nature’s ecosystem to solve societal challenges while providing multiple co-benefits. This book systematically reviews nature-based solutions from a public policy angle, assessing policy developments which encourage the implementation of nature-based solutions to address societal challenges while simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits. This includes enhancing sustainable urbanisation, restoring degraded ecosystems, mitigating and adapting to climate change, and reducing risks from natural disasters. While nature-based solutions can be applied strategically and equitably to help societies address a variety of climatic and non-climatic challenges, there is still a lack of understanding on how best to implement them. The book concludes by providing a best practice guide for those aiming to turn societal challenges into opportunities. This book will be of great interest to policymakers, practitioners and researchers involved in nature-based solutions, sustainable urban planning, environmental management, and sustainable development generally.

Optical Phenomenology and Applications

Optical Phenomenology and Applications
Health Monitoring for Infrastructure Materials and the Environment

by Masoud Ghandehari

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-05-26
  • Pages : 259
  • ISBN : 3319707159
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an introduction to techniques and applications of optical methods for materials Characterization in civil and environmental engineering. Emphasizing chemical sensing and diagnostics, it is written for students and researchers studying the physical and chemical processes in manmade or natural materials. Optical Phenomenology and Applications - Health Monitoring for Infrastructure Materials and the Environment, describes the utility of optical-sensing technologies in applications that include monitoring of transport processes and reaction chemistries in materials of the infrastructure and the subsurface environment. Many of the applications reviewed will address long standing issues in infrastructure health monitoring such as the alkali silica reaction, the role of pH in materials degradation, and the remote and inset characterization of the subsurface environment. The remarkable growth in photonics has contributed immensely to transforming bench-top optical instruments to compact field deployable systems. This has also contributed to optical sensors for environmental sensing and infrastructure health monitoring. Application of optical waveguides and full field imaging for civil and environmental engineering application is introduced and chemical and physical recognition strategies are presented; this is followed by range of filed deployable applications. Emphasizing system robustness, and long-term durability, examples covered include in-situ monitoring of transport phenomena, imaging degradation chemistries, and remote sensing of the subsurface ground water.

Innovative Materials for Construction

Innovative Materials for Construction
A Book

by Mariaenrica Frigione,José Barroso de Aguiar

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-05-05
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 3036501665
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Most of the typical materials employed in today’s constructions present limitations, especially concerning their durability, in either common or severe environmental conditions, and their impact on the environment. In response to these issues, academic and industrial efforts around the world have been devoted to developing new smart materials that can provide efficient alternatives, improve the energy efficiency of buildings, or can upgrade, repair, or protect existing infrastructures. Different and wide technological innovations are, therefore, quickly fostering advancements in the field of construction materials. A new generation of materials (bricks, cement, coatings, concrete, FRP, glass, masonry, mortars, nano-materials, PCM, polymers, steel, wood, etc.) is gaining a prominent position in modern building technology, since they can overcome various limits and flaws of conventional materials employed in constructions, without neglecting the smart applications of pioneering materials in ancient constructions and historic buildings. Even though the adoption of innovative materials in the construction field has been a successful route in achieving enhanced performance, or even new and unexpected characteristics, some issues have not been completely solved. On top of them, the cost/performance ratio of novel solutions, since their introduction must be convenient, without compromising quality. Other concerns are related to their sustainability, with eco-friendly options, possibly exploiting recycled materials or by-products from other productions, being the most desirable solution. Finally, the use of materials or systems that are unconventional in this field raises the need to update or develop new specifications and standards. This special issue aims at providing a platform for discussing open issues, challenges, and achievements related to innovative materials proposed for the construction industry.

Metric Handbook

Metric Handbook
Planning and Design Data

by Pamela Buxton

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-03-05
  • Pages : 856
  • ISBN : 1317638867
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Significantly updated in reference to the latest construction standards and evolving building typesMany chapters revised including housing, transport, offices, libraries and hotelsNew chapter on flood-aware designSustainable design integrated into chapters throughoutOver 100,000 copies sold to successive generations of architects and designers - this book belongs in every design studio and architecture school libraryThe Metric Handbook is the major handbook of planning and design information for architects and architecture students. Covering basic design data for all the major building types,

Energy Efficiency: Innovations: Driving Prosperity, Slashing Emissions

Energy Efficiency: Innovations: Driving Prosperity, Slashing Emissions
A Book

by Henry Kelly

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2020-11-06
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 9811217874
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy efficiency touches all parts of the economy and lies at the heart of all plausible strategies for addressing climate change. A fascinating range of new technologies and new business models have emerged in the past few years and are rapidly reshaping the field and driving efficiency improvements — many of them completely unexpected.This book provides a fresh look at energy efficiency written in a way that can be interesting to experts and serve as an entry point for novices. With chapters written by recognized experts in their fields of expertise, the book provides readers with a clear perspective on the state-of-the art developments of both new technologies and new approaches to system design and operations in buildings, industry, transportation, and urban design. Strategies for electrification and optimization based on data and powerful algorithms are also explored in depth. The discussion includes new mobility systems, smart buildings, reimagined industrial processes, new materials, and smart grid integration.

The Future of Energy Use

The Future of Energy Use
A Book

by Geoff O'Brien,Nicola Pearsall,Phil O'Keefe

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2010-02-09
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1136543414
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Following the success of its predecessor, this second edition of The Future of Energy Use provides essential analysis of the use of different forms of energy and their environmental and social impacts. It examines conventional, nuclear and renewable sources and technologies, using relevant case studies and providing a vital link between technology and related policy issues. The new edition has been comprehensively developed and updated, including new text, diagrams and tables, with entire new sections that reflect the significant changes that have occurred since the first edition. New material includes: a stronger focus on climate change policy and energy security; a discussion of the long run marginal costs of oil; coverage of the biofuels debate in both the developed and developing worlds; an outline of developments in the built environment (including transport issues); and the relationship between behaviour and energy use. It reviews policy shifts with relation to energy efficiency, carbon capture and storage, combined heat and power, and combined cycle gas turbines. There is new coverage of nuclear waste, storage and proliferation, and new material on microgeneration and biofuels, as well as essential new information on carbon markets and the hydrogen economy. The result is a unique introduction and guide to all the vital issues within energy for students, academics and professionals new to the field.

Energy Efficiency

Energy Efficiency
A Bridge to Low Carbon Economy

by Zoran Morvaj

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2012-03-16
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 9535103407
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy efficiency is finally a common sense term. Nowadays almost everyone knows that using energy more efficiently saves money, reduces the emissions of greenhouse gasses and lowers dependence on imported fossil fuels. We are living in a fossil age at the peak of its strength. Competition for securing resources for fuelling economic development is increasing, price of fuels will increase while availability of would gradually decline. Small nations will be first to suffer if caught unprepared in the midst of the struggle for resources among the large players. Here it is where energy efficiency has a potential to lead toward the natural next step - transition away from imported fossil fuels! Someone said that the only thing more harmful then fossil fuel is fossilized thinking. It is our sincere hope that some of chapters in this book will influence you to take a fresh look at the transition to low carbon economy and the role that energy efficiency can play in that process.

Green Economy: Opportunities and Challenges

Green Economy: Opportunities and Challenges
An Interntional Perspective

by Ishwar C. Dhingra

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-07-28
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1000439518
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a conscious effort to discuss the immeasurable environmental damage caused by the human kind and it is by turning these into nature friendly or green as we call them, we can continue to live without any damage to our surroundings. The book has a global approach with an eye on our domestic issues as well. Note: T&F does not sell or distribute the Hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

Sustainability through Energy-Efficient Buildings

Sustainability through Energy-Efficient Buildings
A Book

by Amritanshu Shukla,Atul Sharma

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-03-20
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1351658441
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book covers chapters ranging from introduction to recent technological challenges, case studies of energy-efficient buildings with policy and awareness issues, fundamentals and present status along with research updates and future aspects on topics focusing on energy-efficient construction, materials.