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Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials

Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials
A Book

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Serji Amirkhanian,Hao Wang,Erik Schlangen

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-01-18
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 0128189827
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials acquaints engineers with research findings on new eco-efficient pavement materials and how they can be incorporated into future pavements. Divided into three distinctive parts, the book emphasizes current research topics such as pavements with recycled waste, pavements for climate change mitigation, self-healing pavements, and pavements with energy harvesting potential. Part One considers techniques for recycling, Part Two reviews the contribution of pavements for climate change mitigation, including cool pavements, the development of new coatings for high albedo targets, and the design of pervious pavements. Finally, Part Three focuses on self-healing pavements, addressing novel materials and design and performance. Finally, the book discusses the case of pavements with energy harvesting potential, addressing different technologies on this field. Offers a clear and concise lifecycle assessment of asphalt pavement recycling for greenhouse gas emission with temporal aspects Applies key research trends to green the pavement industry Includes techniques for recycling waste materials, the design of cool pavements, self-healing mechanisms, and key steps in energy harvesting

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Eco-Labelling and Case Studies

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Luisa F. Cabeza,Joao Labrincha,Aldo Giuntini de Magalhaes

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2014-02-14
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 0857097725
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials. Part one discusses the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to building materials as well as eco-labeling. Part two includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building. Part three includes case studies applying LCA methodology to particular structures and components. Reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials Provides a thorough overview, including strengths and shortcomings, of the life cycle assessment (LCA) and eco-labeling of eco-efficient construction and building materials Includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials
A Book

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Niranjan Karak,Henk Jonkers

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-01-11
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0081002092
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials

Eco-efficient Materials for Reducing Cooling Needs in Buildings and Construction

Eco-efficient Materials for Reducing Cooling Needs in Buildings and Construction
Design, Properties and Applications

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Lech Czarnecki,Anna Laura Pisello,Luisa F. Cabeza,Claes Goran-Granqvist

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-10-16
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 0128209437
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Eco-efficient Materials for Reducing Cooling Needs in Buildings and Construction: Design, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive review on building envelope materials and technologies for reducing cooling needs in buildings. The book offers in-depth analysis of the performance of new innovative materials and technologies used in pavements, facade and roofing materials, PCMs and chromogenic smart materials. Includes practical case study examples of their applications in building and construction. The book is an essential reference resource for researchers, architects and civil engineers, city planners, product developers, manufacturers, and other professionals working in eco-efficient cooling materials and sustainable and zero-energy building design. Offers a comprehensive review of building envelope materials and technologies for reducing cooling needs Features practical case studies, which are fundamental for building design and applications Provides in-depth analysis of performance for different materials and technologies Features brand new chapters on pavements, facade and roofing materials, PCMs and chromogenic smart materials

Eco-efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs

Eco-efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs
Design, Properties and Applications

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Joao Labrincha,Luisa Cabeza,Claes Goeran Granqvist

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-02-27
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 1782424016
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change is one of the most important environmental problems faced by Planet Earth. The majority of CO2 emissions come from burning fossil fuels for energy production and improvements in energy efficiency shows the greatest potential for any single strategy to abate global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy sector. Energy related emissions account for almost 80% of the EU's total greenhouse gas emissions. The building sector is the largest energy user responsible for about 40% of the EU’s total final energy consumption. In Europe the number of installed air conditioning systems has increased 500% over the last 20 years, but in that same period energy cooling needs have increased more than 20 times. The increase in energy cooling needs relates to the current higher living and working standards. In urban environments with low outdoor air quality (the general case) this means that in summer-time one cannot count on natural ventilation to reduce cooling needs. Do not forget the synergistic effect between heat waves and air pollution which means that outdoor air quality is worse in the summer aggravating cooling needs. Over the next few years this phenomenon will become much worse because more people will live in cities, more than 2 billion by 2050 and global warming will aggravate cooling needs. An overview of materials to lessen the impact of urban heat islands Excellent coverage of building materials to reduce air condtioning needs Innovative products discussed such as Thermo and Electrochromic materials

Sustainability, Eco-efficiency, and Conservation in Transportation Infrastructure Asset Management

Sustainability, Eco-efficiency, and Conservation in Transportation Infrastructure Asset Management
A Book

by Massimo Losa,Tom Papagiannakis

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-04-28
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN : 1315757125
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Worldwide there is a growing interest in efficient planning and the design, construction and maintenance of transportation facilities and infrastructure assets. The 3rd International Conference on Transportation Infrastructure ICTI 2014 (Pisa, April 22-25, 2014) contains contributions on sustainable development and preservation of transportation in

Nanotechnology in Eco-efficient Construction

Nanotechnology in Eco-efficient Construction
Materials, Processes and Applications

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Maria Vittoria Diamanti,Ali Nazari,Claes Goran-Granqvist,Alina Pruna,Serji Amirkhanian

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-11-22
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN : 0081026420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covering the latest technologies, Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. The book contains a special focus on applications concerning concrete and cement, as nanotechnology is driving significant development in concrete technologies. The new edition has 14 new chapters, including 3 new parts: Mortars and concrete related applications; Applications for pavements and other structural materials; and Toxicity, safety handling and environmental impacts. Civil engineers requiring an understanding of eco-efficient construction materials, as well as researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry will find this updated reference to be highly valuable. Addresses issues such as toxicity and LCA aspects New chapters covering safety handling on occupational exposure of nanoparticles and the assessment of personal exposure to airborne nanomaterials Discusses the effects of adding nano-particles on the durability and on the properties of geopolymers

New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete

New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete
A Book

by Jorge de Brito,Francisco Agrela

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-11-16
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 0081024819
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete describes different recycled materials that have been used in eco-efficient concrete, reviewing previous publications to identify the most effective recycled materials to be applied in concrete manufacture. New trends on eco-efficient concrete are presented, filling a gap in the market. Sections cover various recycled materials applied in concrete production, present the latest on the lifecycle analysis of recycled aggregate concrete, detail new trends in recycled aggregate concrete research, and finally, present updates on upscaling the use of recycled aggregate concrete and structural reliability. Focuses on new trends in recycled aggregate concrete and its applications (rather than the more subjective ‘sustainability’ aspects) Contains very important contributions from researchers in eco-efficient concrete, including Chi Sun Poon, Jorge de Brito, Valeria Corinaldesi, Francisco Agrela, etc. Presents a ‘one stop’ reference for a graduate course on sustainable construction

Research and Application of Hot In-Place Recycling Technology for Asphalt Pavement

Research and Application of Hot In-Place Recycling Technology for Asphalt Pavement
A Book

by Banting W.P. Sze,Yi Fu Zhang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-11-12
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 0128224371
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research and Application of Hot In-Place Recycling Technology for Asphalt Pavement is the first comprehensive book on the topic that presents over two decades of theoretical and practical experience gained in China. The book gives comprehensive coverage of HIPR, including pavement evaluation, distress analysis, mix design, processes and equipment selection, implementation and acceptance criteria. In eight chapters, this book covers HIPR from theoretical and practical viewpoints, and provides detailed case-studies based on real-world experience. This book includes everything engineers need to apply HIPR to improve sustainability and reduce disruption during the maintenance and repair of asphalt. Presents, for the first time in English, decades of experience and research on Hot in-Place Recycling Technology (HIPR) for asphalt pavements Considers all aspects of HIPR, giving engineers all they need to use the technique for road maintenance and repair Details how HIPR drastically improves the sustainability of asphalt and reduces disruption to traffic during repair and maintenance work Includes detailed case studies from thirty years of HIPR in China, giving context and practical know-how

Environment-Friendly Construction Materials

Environment-Friendly Construction Materials
Volume 2

by Shaopeng Wu,Inge Hoff,Serji Amirkhanian,Yue Xiao

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-06-20
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 3039210149
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Construction materials are the most widely used materials for civil infrastructure in our daily lives. However, from an environmental point of view, they consume a huge amount of natural resources and generate the majority of greenhouse gasses. Therefore, many new and novel technologies for designing environmentally friendly construction materials have been developed recently. This Special Issue, “Environment-Friendly Construction Materials”, has been proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of construction materials. It covers a wide range of selected topics on construction materials.

Sustainability of Construction Materials

Sustainability of Construction Materials
A Book

by Jamal Khatib

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-08-12
  • Pages : 742
  • ISBN : 0081003919
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainability of Construction Materials, Second Edition, explores an increasingly important aspect of construction. In recent years, serious consideration has been given to environmental and societal issues in the manufacturing, use, disposal, and recycling of construction materials. This book provides comprehensive and detailed analysis of the sustainability issues associated with these materials, mainly in relation to the constituent materials, processing, recycling, and lifecycle environmental impacts. The contents of each chapter reflect the individual aspects of the material that affect sustainability, such as the preservation and repair of timber, the use of cement replacements in concrete, the prevention and control of metal corrosion and the crucial role of adhesives in wood products. Provides helpful guidance on lifecycle assessment, durability, recycling, and the engineering properties of construction materials Fully updated to take on new developments, with an additional nineteen chapters added to include natural stone, polymers and plastics, and plaster products Provides essential reading for individuals at all levels who are involved in the construction and selection, assessment and use, and maintenance of materials

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials
Characterisation, Properties and Applications

by Kent A. Harries,Bhavna Sharma

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-01-28
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN : 0081000553
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials: Characterisation, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive repository of information on materials science and the modern structural engineering application of ancient, vernacular, and nonconventional building materials, with leading experts contributing chapters that focus on current applications and the engineering of these construction materials. Opening with a historic retrospective of nonconventional materials, Part One includes a review of vernacular construction and a discussion of the future directions for nonconventional and vernacular materials research and applications. Chapters in Part Two focus on natural fibers, including their application in cementitious composites, non-cementitious composites, and strawbale construction. In Part Three, chapters cover the use of industrial by-products and natural ashes in cement mortar and concrete, and construction using soil-cement blocks, clay-based materials, adobe and earthen materials, and ancient stone masonry. Timber, bamboo, and paper construction materials are investigated in the final section of the book. Provides a state-of-the-art review of the modern use and engineering of nonconventional building materials Contains chapters that focus on individual construction materials and address both material characterization and structural applications Covers sustainable engineering and the trend towards engineering for humanity

Recent Trends in Cold-Formed Steel Construction

Recent Trends in Cold-Formed Steel Construction
A Book

by Cheng Yu

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-05-27
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 0081001576
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent Trends in Cold-Formed Steel Construction discusses advancements in an area that has become an important construction material for buildings. The book addresses cutting-edge new technologies and design methods using cold-formed steel as a main structural material, and provides technical guidance on how to design and build sustainable and energy-efficient cold-formed steel buildings. Part One of the book introduces the codes, specifications, and design methods for cold-formed steel structures, while Part Two provides computational analysis of cold-formed steel structures. Part Three examines the structural performance of cold-formed steel buildings and reviews the thermal performance, acoustic performance, fire protection, floor vibrations, and blast resistance of these buildings, with a final section reviewing innovation and sustainability in cold-formed steel construction. Addresses building sciences issues and provides performance solutions for cold-formed buildings Provides guidance for using the next generation design method, computational tools, and technologies Edited by an experienced researcher and educator with significant knowledge on new developments in cold-formed steel construction

Start-Up Creation

Start-Up Creation
The Smart Eco-efficient Built Environment

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Erik Stavnsager Rasmussen,Claes G. Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov,Habil Arturas Kaklauskas,Stephen Makonin

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-05-14
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN : 0081005490
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Start-Up Creation: The Smart Eco-efficient Built Environment provides a state-of-the-art review on high-technology applications and explains how these can be applied to improve the eco-efficiency of the built environment. Divided into four main parts, the book explains the key factors behind successful startup companies that grow from university research, including the development of a business plan, the importance of intellectual property, necessary entrepreneurial skills, and innovative thinking. Part Two presents the latest research findings on nano and bio-based technologies and their application and use to the energy efficiency of the built environment. Part Three focuses on the use of genetic algorithms, Big Data, and the Internet of Things applications. Finally, the book ends with an entire section dedicated to App development using selected case studies that illustrate their application and use for monitoring building energy-efficiency. Presents a definitive guide for startups that arise from college and university research, and how the application of advanced technologies can be applied to the built environment Includes case studies on new advanced technologies and apps development Links startup creation to the eco-efficient built environment through software applications

Life Cycle Management

Life Cycle Management
A Book

by Guido Sonnemann,Manuele Margni

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-07-16
  • Pages : 353
  • ISBN : 9401772215
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides insight into the Life Cycle Management (LCM) concept and the progress in its implementation. LCM is a management concept applied in industrial and service sectors to improve products and services, while enhancing the overall sustainability performance of business and its value chains. In this regard, LCM is an opportunity to differentiate through sustainability performance on the market place, working with all departments of a company such as research and development, procurement and marketing, and to enhance the collaboration with stakeholders along a company’s value chain. LCM is used beyond short-term business success and aims at long-term achievements by minimizing environmental and socio-economic burden, while maximizing economic and social value.

Bio-Based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-Efficient Construction

Bio-Based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-Efficient Construction
A Book

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Daniel C. W. Tsang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
  • Release : 2020-03-02
  • Pages : 630
  • ISBN : 0128194812
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bio-based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-efficient Construction fills a gap in the published literature, discussing bio-based materials and biotechnologies that are crucial for a more sustainable construction industry. With comprehensive coverage and contributions from leading experts in the field, the book includes sections on Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for infrastructure applications, Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for building energy efficiency, and other applications, such as using biotechnology to reduce indoor air pollution, for water treatment, and in soil decontamination. The book will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, civil engineers, contractors working in construction works, postgraduate students and other professionals.

Characteristics and Uses of Steel Slag in Building Construction

Characteristics and Uses of Steel Slag in Building Construction
A Book

by Ivanka Netinger Grubeša,Ivana Barisic,Aleksandra Fucic,Samitinjay Sadashivrao Bansode

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-05-20
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 0081003765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Characteristics and Uses of Steel Slag in Building Construction focuses predominantly on the utilization of ferrous slag (blast furnace and steel slag) in building construction. This extensive literature review discusses the worldwide utilization of ferrous slag and applications in all sectors of civil engineering, including structural engineering, road construction, and hydro-technical structures. It presents cutting-edge research on the characteristics and properties of ferrous slag, and its overall impact on the environment. Comprehensively reviews the literature on the use of blast furnace and steel slag in civil engineering Examines the environmental impact of slag production and its effect on human health Presents cutting-edge research from worldwide studies on the use of blast furnace and steel slag

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction
A Book

by George C. Wang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-06-24
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN : 0081003978
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction strives to integrate the theory, research, and practice of slag utilization, including the production and processing of slags. The topics covered include: production and smelting processes for metals; chemical and physical properties of slags; pretreatment and post-treatment technology to enhance slag properties; potential environmental impact; mechanisms of potential expansion; special testing methods and characteristics; slag processing for aggregate and cementitious applications; suitability of slags for use in specific applications; overall properties of materials containing slags; and commercialization and economics. The focus of the book is on slag utilization technology, with a review of the basic properties and an exploration of how its use in the end product will be technically sound, environment-friendly, and economic. Covers the production, processing, and utilization of a broad range of ferrous, non-ferrous, and non-metallurgical slags Provides information on applicable methods for a particular slag and its utilization to reduce potential environmental impacts and promote natural resource sustainability Presents the overall technology of transferring a slag from the waste stream into a useful materials resource Provides a detailed review of the appropriate utilization of each slag from processing right through to aggregate and cementitious use requirements

Marine Concrete Structures

Marine Concrete Structures
Design, Durability and Performance

by Mark Alexander

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-13
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 0081000847
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marine Concrete Structures: Design, Durability and Performance comprehensively examines structures located in, under, or in close proximity to the sea. A major emphasis of the book is on the long-term performance of marine concrete structures that not only represent major infrastructure investment and provision, but are also required to operate with minimal maintenance. Chapters review the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures, and examine their performance and durability in the marine environment. A number of case studies of significant marine concrete structures from around the world are included which help to reinforce the principles outlined in earlier chapters and provide useful background to these types of structures. The result is a thorough and up-to-date reference source that engineers, researchers, and postgraduate students in this field will find invaluable. Covers, in detail, the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures Examines the properties and performance of concrete in the marine environment Provides case studies on significant marine concrete structures and durability-based design from around the world

Rehabilitation of Pipelines Using Fiber-reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites

Rehabilitation of Pipelines Using Fiber-reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites
A Book

by Vistasp M. Karbhari

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-05-23
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 0857096923
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rehabilitation of Pipelines Using Fibre-reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites presents information on this critical component of industrial and civil infrastructures, also exploring the particular challenges that exist in the monitor and repair of pipeline systems. This book reviews key issues and techniques in this important area, including general issues such as the range of techniques using FRP composites and how they compare with the use of steel sleeves. In addition, the book discusses particular techniques, such as sleeve repair, patching, and overwrap systems. Reviews key issues and techniques in the use of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites as a flexible and cost-effective means to repair aging, corroded, or damaged pipelines Examines general issues, including the range of techniques using FRP composites and how they compare with the use of steel sleeves Discusses particular techniques such as sleeve repair, patching, and overwrap systems