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Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures

Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures
A Book

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Robert Melchers,Nele de Belie,Xianming Shi,Kim Van Tittelboom,Andres Saez Perez

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-11-15
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 0081021828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures provides an updated state-of-the-art review on eco-efficient repair and rehabilitation of concrete infrastructure. The first section focuses on deterioration assessment methods, and includes chapters on stress wave assessment, ground-penetrating radar, monitoring of corrosion, SHM using acoustic emission and optical fiber sensors. Other sections discuss the development and application of several new innovative repair and rehabilitation materials, including geopolymer concrete, sulfoaluminate cement-based concrete, engineered cementitious composites (ECC) based concrete, bacteria-based concrete, concrete with encapsulated polyurethane, and concrete with super absorbent polymer (SAPs), amongst other topics. Final sections focus on crucial design aspects, such as quality control, including lifecycle and cost analysis with several related case studies on repair and rehabilitation. The book will be an essential reference resource for materials scientists, civil and structural engineers, architects, structural designers and contractors working in the construction industry. Delivers the latest research findings with contributions from leading international experts Provides fully updated information on the European standard on materials for concrete repair (EN 1504) Includes an entire sections on the state-of-the-art in NDT, innovative repair and rehabilitation materials, as well as LCC and LCA information

Eco-Efficient Repair of Concrete Infrastructures

Eco-Efficient Repair of Concrete Infrastructures
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018-05
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 9781642240849
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Buildings and other structures have a convinced useful life, which depends on the specifications adopted. The large numbers of monuments, which are esteemed heritage structures, have stood well over a period of time. But some of these have shown signs of distress due to age, aggressive natural environment/industrial pollution etc. Further, distress gets aggravated due to overloading/ misuse of buildings. A few buildings have also failed due to faulty design / construction. Thus, Repairs & Rehabilitation of buildings are of vital importance. For many local governments the resulting challenges, such as extremely high demand for infrastructure investments, are amplified by persistent local issues such as rising informality, poverty and inequality within cities as well as global forces, including globalization, climate change and increasing natural and human-caused disasters and conflicts and high energy costs. The transition from a "traditional" to an eco-efficient building takes place more easily and with greater emphasis in the planning of new buildings, through the introduction of a high potential in terms of experimentation and applied research on building systems and components. The refurbishment of existing buildings raises several questions and presents considerable difficulties, especially when the intervention involves a building bearer of intrinsic meaning and historical, constructive and cultural values. Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures provides the state-of-the-art review on eco-efficient repair and rehabilitation of concrete infrastructure, focusing on essential design aspects, such as quality control, as well as lifecycle and cost analysis with a number of real world cases on repair and rehabilitation. This book provides a literature review on concrete repair materials, highlighting the current problems face by them. It covers concrete surface treatments, patch repair and FRP strengthening. The potential of geopolymers to overcome those limitations is analyzed. It aims to provide practical tools to city planners and decision makers for addressing these challenges. This book serves as a valuable guiding tool for students, civil and structural engineers, architects, structural designers, materials scientists, and contractors working in the construction industry.

Nanotechnology in Eco-efficient Construction

Nanotechnology in Eco-efficient Construction
Materials, Processes and Applications

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Maria Vittoria Diamanti,Ali Nazari,Claes Goran-Granqvist,Alina Pruna,Serji Amirkhanian

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-11-22
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN : 0081026420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covering the latest technologies, Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. The book contains a special focus on applications concerning concrete and cement, as nanotechnology is driving significant development in concrete technologies. The new edition has 14 new chapters, including 3 new parts: Mortars and concrete related applications; Applications for pavements and other structural materials; and Toxicity, safety handling and environmental impacts. Civil engineers requiring an understanding of eco-efficient construction materials, as well as researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry will find this updated reference to be highly valuable. Addresses issues such as toxicity and LCA aspects New chapters covering safety handling on occupational exposure of nanoparticles and the assessment of personal exposure to airborne nanomaterials Discusses the effects of adding nano-particles on the durability and on the properties of geopolymers

Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing

Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Mazaher Ahmadi,Ali Farmani,Ghulam Yasin

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-06-10
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 0128236523
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing provides information on the fundamental design concepts and emerging applications of nanosensors in smart manufacturing processes. In smart production, if the products and machines are integrated, embedded, or equipped with sensors, the system can immediately collect the current operating parameters, predict the product quality, and then feed back the optimal parameters to machines in the production line. In this regard, smart sensors and their wireless networks are important components of smart manufacturing. Nanomaterials-based sensors (nanosensors) offer several advantages over their microscale counterparts, including lower power consumption, fast response time, high sensitivity, lower concentration of analytes, and smaller interaction distance between sensors and products. With the support of artificial intelligence (AI) tools such as fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, neural networks, and ambient intelligence, sensor systems have become smarter. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about how nanoscale sensors can enhance smart manufacturing techniques and processes. Outlines the smart nanosensor classes used in manufacturing applications Shows how nanosensors are being used to make more efficient manufacturing systems Assesses the major obstacles to designing nanosensor-based manufacturing systems at an industrial scale

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials
Properties, Modelling and Applications

by Mohd Shahir Liew,Phuong Nguyen-Tri,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-16
  • Pages : 724
  • ISBN : 0128178558
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials: Properties, Modelling and Applications explores the fundamental concepts and applications of smart nanoconcretes with self-healing, self-cleaning, photocatalytic, antibacterial, piezoelectrical, heating and conducting properties and how they are used in modern high-rise buildings, hydraulic engineering, highways, tunnels and bridges. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and civil engineers who are looking to enhance the properties of smart nanomaterials to create stronger, more durable concrete. Explores the mechanisms through which active agents are released from nanocontainers inside concrete Shows how embedded smart nanosensors, including carbon cement-based smart sensors and micro/nano strain-sensors, are used to increase concrete performance Discusses the major challenges of integrating smart nanomaterials into concrete composites

Load Testing of Bridges

Load Testing of Bridges
Proof Load Testing and the Future of Load Testing

by Eva O.L. Lantsoght

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-06-26
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 0429556489
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Load Testing of Bridges, featuring contributions from almost fifty authors from around the world across two interrelated volumes, deals with the practical aspects, the scientific developments, and the international views on the topic of load testing of bridges. Volume 13, Load Testing of Bridges: Proof Load Testing and the Future of Load Testing, focuses first on proof load testing of bridges. It discusses the specific aspects of proof load testing during the preparation, execution, and post-processing of such a test (Part 1). The second part covers the testing of buildings. The third part discusses novel ideas regarding measurement techniques used for load testing. Methods using non-contact sensors, such as photography- and video-based measurement techniques are discussed. The fourth part discusses load testing in the framework of reliability-based decision-making and in the framework of a bridge management program. The final part of the book summarizes the knowledge presented across the two volumes, as well as the remaining open questions for research, and provides practical recommendations for engineers carrying out load tests. This work will be of interest to researchers and academics in the field of civil/structural engineering, practicing engineers and road authorities worldwide.

EASEC16

EASEC16
Proceedings of The 16th East Asian-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, 2019

by Chien Ming Wang,Vinh Dao,Sritawat Kitipornchai

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-12-22
  • Pages : 2181
  • ISBN : 9811580790
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents articles from The 16th East Asian-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, 2019, held in Brisbane, Australia. It provides a forum for professional engineers, academics, researchers and contractors to present recent research and developments in structural engineering and construction.​

International RILEM Conference on Early-Age and Long-Term Cracking in RC Structures

International RILEM Conference on Early-Age and Long-Term Cracking in RC Structures
CRC 2021

by Fragkoulis Kanavaris

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030729214
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation-Based Technologies

Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation-Based Technologies
A Book

by Rehab O. Abdel Rahman,Michael I. Ojovan

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-05-28
  • Pages : 674
  • ISBN : 0128183292
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainability of Life Cycle Management for Nuclear Cementation-Based Technologies, edited by Dr. Rahman and Dr. Ojovan, presents the latest knowledge and research on the management of cementitious systems within nuclear power plants. The book covers aging, development and updates on regulatory frameworks on a global scale, the development of cementitious systems for the immobilization of problematic wastes, and the decommissioning and decontamination of complex cementitious systems. The book's editors and their team of experts combine their practical knowledge to provide the reader with a thorough understanding on the sustainability of lifecycle management of cementitious systems within the nuclear industry. Sections provide a comparative tool that presents national regulations concerning cementitious systems within nuclear power plants, check international and national evaluation results of the sustainability of different systems, help in the development of performance test procedures, and provide a guide on aging nuclear power plants and the long-term behavior of these systems in active and passive safety environments. Presents the latest information on the behavior of different cementitious systems used in the nuclear industry in one comprehensive resource Includes scientific justifications of system behavior during the design, operation, maintenance and decommissioning phases Aids the reader in the development of evaluation tests for problematic wastes

Structural Health Monitoring Damage Detection Systems for Aerospace

Structural Health Monitoring Damage Detection Systems for Aerospace
A Book

by Markus G. R. Sause

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030721922
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Winter Road Operations

Sustainable Winter Road Operations
A Book

by Xianming Shi,Liping Fu

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-08-27
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1119185068
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first and only comprehensive guide to best practices in winter road operations Winter maintenance operations are essential to ensure the safety, mobility, and productivity of transportation systems, especially in cold-weather climates, and responsible agencies are continually challenged to provide a high level of service in a fiscally and environmentally responsible manner. Sustainable Winter Road Operations bridges the knowledge gaps, providing the first up-to-date, authoritative, single-source overview and guide to best practices in winter road operations that considers the triple bottom line of sustainability. With contributions from experts in the field from around the world, this book takes a holistic approach to the subject. The authors address the many negative impacts on regional economies and the environment of poorly planned and inadequate winter road operations, and they make a strong case for the myriad benefits of environmentally sustainable concepts and practices. Best practice applications of materials, processes, equipment, and associated technologies and how they can improve the effectiveness and efficiency of winter operations, optimize materials usage, and minimize cost, corrosion, and environmental impacts are all covered in depth. Provides the first up-to-date, authoritative and comprehensive overview of best practices in sustainable winter road operations currently in use around the world Covers materials, processes, equipment, and associated technologies for sustainable winter road operations Brings together contributions by an international all-star team of experts with extensive experience in designing, implementing, and managing sustainable winter road operations Designed to bring professionals involved in transportation and highway maintenance and control up to speed with current best practice Sustainable Winter Road Operations is essential reading for maintenance professionals dealing with snow and ice control operations on highways, motorways and local roads. It is a valuable source of information and guidance for decision makers, researchers, and engineers in transportation engineering involved in transportation and highway maintenance. And it is an ideal textbook for advanced-level courses in transportation engineering.

Microorganisms in the Deterioration and Preservation of Cultural Heritage

Microorganisms in the Deterioration and Preservation of Cultural Heritage
A Book

by Edith Joseph

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030694119
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental and Human Impact of Buildings

Environmental and Human Impact of Buildings
An Energetics Perspective

by Ligia Moga,Teodora M. Șoimoșan

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-03-28
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 3030574180
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Featuring research on topics such as low energy buildings' concepts, construction materials and technology, hybrid energy systems, energy balance, and wellbeing, this book meets the expectations of academicians, specialists and researchers in the field, along with the scholars seeking coverage on buildings, environmental and human impact. It presents an integrated approach to the buildings' energetic aspects, from the perspective of environmental impact, together with the indoor wellbeing. In this respect, the chapters include state of the art, case studies, as well as research results that validate the raised hypotheses. The book integrates topics related to buildings' performance, approached by researchers with different backgrounds within the civil engineering domain, i.e. achieved energetics performances, obstacles, restrictions and limitations issues within design and optimization processes, including the new perspectives in the buildings & energy sector.

3rd International Conference on Innovative Technologies for Clean and Sustainable Development

3rd International Conference on Innovative Technologies for Clean and Sustainable Development
ITCSD 2020

by Deepankar Kumar Ashish

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030514854
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites

Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites
Types Properties and Testing Methods

by Vistasp M. Karbhari

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-03-14
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0857096656
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are becoming increasingly popular as a material for rehabilitating aging and damaged structures. Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites explores the use of fiber-reinforced composites for enhancing the stability and extending the life of metallic infrastructure such as bridges. Part I provides an overview of materials and repair, encompassing topics of joining steel to FRP composites, finite element modeling, and durability issues. Part II discusses the use of FRP composites to repair steel components, focusing on thin-walled (hollow) steel sections, steel tension members, and cracked aluminum components. Building on Part II, the third part of the book reviews the fatigue life of strengthened components. Finally, Part IV covers the use of FRP composites to rehabilitate different types of metallic infrastructure, with chapters on bridges, historical metallic structures and other types of metallic infrastructure. Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites represents a standard reference for engineers and designers in infrastructure and fiber-reinforced polymer areas and manufacturers in the infrastructure industry, as well as academics and researchers in the field. Looks at the use of FRP composites to repair components such as hollow steel sections and steel tension members Considers ways of assessing the durability and fatigue life of components Reviews applications of FRP to infrastructure such as steel bridges

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction
A Book

by George C. Wang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-06-24
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN : 0081003978
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction strives to integrate the theory, research, and practice of slag utilization, including the production and processing of slags. The topics covered include: production and smelting processes for metals; chemical and physical properties of slags; pretreatment and post-treatment technology to enhance slag properties; potential environmental impact; mechanisms of potential expansion; special testing methods and characteristics; slag processing for aggregate and cementitious applications; suitability of slags for use in specific applications; overall properties of materials containing slags; and commercialization and economics. The focus of the book is on slag utilization technology, with a review of the basic properties and an exploration of how its use in the end product will be technically sound, environment-friendly, and economic. Covers the production, processing, and utilization of a broad range of ferrous, non-ferrous, and non-metallurgical slags Provides information on applicable methods for a particular slag and its utilization to reduce potential environmental impacts and promote natural resource sustainability Presents the overall technology of transferring a slag from the waste stream into a useful materials resource Provides a detailed review of the appropriate utilization of each slag from processing right through to aggregate and cementitious use requirements

Sustainability, Eco-efficiency, and Conservation in Transportation Infrastructure Asset Management

Sustainability, Eco-efficiency, and Conservation in Transportation Infrastructure Asset Management
A Book

by Massimo Losa,Tom Papagiannakis

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-04-28
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN : 1315757125
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Worldwide there is a growing interest in efficient planning and the design, construction and maintenance of transportation facilities and infrastructure assets. The 3rd International Conference on Transportation Infrastructure ICTI 2014 (Pisa, April 22-25, 2014) contains contributions on sustainable development and preservation of transportation in

Eco-efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks

Eco-efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks
Design, Properties and Durability

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Paulo B. Lourenco,Joao Labrincha,P Chindaprasirt,S Kumar

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2014-11-27
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN : 1782423184
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Masonry walls constitute the interface between the building’s interior and the outdoor environment. Masonry walls are traditionally composed of fired-clay bricks (solid or perforated) or blocks (concrete or earth-based), but in the past (and even in the present) they were often associated as needing an extra special thermal and acoustical insulation layer. However, over more recent years investigations on thermal and acoustical features has led to the development of new improved bricks and blocks that no longer need these insulation layers. Traditional masonry units (fired-clay bricks, concrete or earth-based blocks) that don’t offer improved performance in terms of thermal and acoustical insulation are a symbol of a low-technology past, that are far removed from the demands of sustainable construction. This book provides an up-to-date state-of-the-art review on the eco-efficiency of masonry units, particular emphasis is placed on the design, properties, performance, durability and LCA of these materials. Since masonry units are also an excellent way to reuse bulk industrial waste the book will be important in the context of the Revised Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC which states that the minimum reuse and recycling targets for construction and demolition waste (CDW) should be at least 70% by 2020. On the 9th of March 2011 the European Union approved the Regulation (EU) 305/2011, known as the Construction Products Regulation (CPR) and it will be enforced after the 1st of July 2013. The future commercialization of construction materials in Europe makes their environmental assessment mandatory meaning that more information related to the environmental performance of building materials is much needed. Provides an authoritative guide to the eco-efficiency of masonry units Examines the reuse of waste materials Covers a range of materials including, clay, cement, earth and pumice

Ageing of Infrastructure

Ageing of Infrastructure
A Life-Cycle Approach

by Frank Collins,Frédéric Blin

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-04
  • Pages : 142
  • ISBN : 0429849524
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book addresses the problem of ageing infrastructure and how ageing can reduce the service life below expected levels. The rate of ageing is affected by the type of construction material, environmental exposure, function of the infrastructure, and loading: each of these factors is considered in the assessment of ageing. How do international design codes address ageing? Predictive models of ageing behaviour are available and the different types (empirical, deterministic, and probabilistic) are discussed in a whole-of-life context. Life cycle plans, initiated at the design stage, can ensure that the design life is met, while optimising the management of the asset: reducing life cycle costs and reducing the environmental footprint due to less maintenance/remediation interventions and fewer unplanned stoppages and delays. Health monitoring of infrastructure can be conducted via implanted probes (wired or wireless) or by non-destructive testing that can routinely measure the durability, loading, and exposure environments at key locations around the facility. Routine monitoring can trigger preventative maintenance that can extend the life of the infrastructure and minimise unplanned and reactive remediation, while also providing ongoing data that can be utilised towards more durable future construction. Future infrastructure will need to be safe and durable, financially and environmentally sustainable over the lifecycle, thereby raising socio-economic wellbeing. The book concludes by discussing the key impacting factors that will need to be addressed. The author brings a strong academic and industry background to present a resource for academics and practitioners wishing to address the ageing of built infrastructure.

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials
A Book

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Niranjan Karak,Henk Jonkers

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-01-11
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0081002092
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials