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The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters

The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters
A Book

by Debarati Guha-Sapir,Indhira Santos,Alexandre Borde, Managing Editor

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2013-05-02
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 0199339805
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since the turn of the millennium, more than one million people have been killed and 2.3 billion others have been directly affected by natural disasters around the world. In cases like the 2010 Haiti earthquake or the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, these disasters have time and time again wrecked large populations and national infrastructures. While recognizing that improved rescue, evacuation, and disease control are crucial to reducing the effects of natural disasters, in the final analysis, poverty remains the main risk factor determining the long-term impact of natural hazards. Furthermore, natural disasters have themselves a tremendous impact on the poorest of the poor, who are often ill-prepared to deal with natural hazards and for whom a hurricane, an earthquake, or a drought can mean a permanent submersion in poverty. The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters focuses on these concerns for poverty and vulnerability. Written by a collection of esteemed scholars in disaster management and sustainable development, the report provides an overview of the general trends in natural disasters and their effects by focusing on a critical analysis of different methodologies used to assess the economic impact of natural disasters. Economic Impacts presents six national case studies (Bangladesh, Vietnam, India, Nicaragua, Japan and the Netherlands) and shows how household surveys and country-level macroeconomic data can analyze and quantify the economic impact of disasters. The researchers within Economic Impacts have created path-breaking work and have opened new avenues for thinking and debate to push forward the frontiers of knowledge on economics of natural disasters.

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters
Theoretical Foundations, Methods, and Tools

by Taha Chaiechi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-10-21
  • Pages : 664
  • ISBN : 0128174668
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Economic Effects of Natural Disasters explores how natural disasters affect sources of economic growth and development. Using theoretical econometrics and real-world data, and drawing on advances in climate change economics, the book shows scholars and researchers how to use various research methods and techniques to investigate and respond to natural disasters. No other book presents empirical frameworks for the evaluation of the quality of macroeconomic research practice with a focus on climate change and natural disasters. Because many of these subjects are so large, different regions of the world use different approaches, hence this resource presents tailored economic applications and evidence. Connects economic theories and empirical work in climate change to natural disaster research Shows how advances in climate change and natural disaster research can be implemented in micro- and macroeconomic simulation models Addresses structural changes in countries afflicted by climate change and natural disasters

Understanding the economic and financial impacts of natural disasters

Understanding the economic and financial impacts of natural disasters
A Book

by Charlotte Benson,Edward J. Clay

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 119
  • ISBN : 9780821356852
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Economic Impact of Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries: Adaptation and Preparedness

The Economic Impact of Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries: Adaptation and Preparedness
A Book

by Dongyeol Lee,Huan Zhang,Chau Nguyen

  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Release : 2018-05-10
  • Pages : 37
  • ISBN : 1484353285
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pacific island countries are highly vulnerable to various natural disasters which are destructive, unpredictable and occur frequently. The frequency and scale of these shocks heightens the importance of medium-term economic and fiscal planning to minimize the adverse impact of disasters on economic development. This paper identifies the intensity of natural disasters for each country in the Pacific based on the distribution of damage and population affected by disasters, and estimates the impact of disasters on economic growth and international trade using a panel regression. The results show that “severe” disasters have a significant and negative impact on economic growth and lead to a deterioration of the fiscal and trade balance. We also find that the negative impact on growth is stronger for more intense disasters. Going further this paper proposes a simple and consistent method to adjust IMF staff’s economic projections and debt sustainability analysis for disaster shocks for the Pacific islands. Better incorporating the economic impact of natural disasters in the medium- and long-term economic planning would help policy makers improve fiscal policy decisions and to be better adapted and prepared for natural disasters.

The Economic Impact of Natural Disasters in the Philippines

The Economic Impact of Natural Disasters in the Philippines
A Book

by Charlotte Benson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 135
  • ISBN : 9780850032482
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modeling Spatial and Economic Impacts of Disasters

Modeling Spatial and Economic Impacts of Disasters
A Book

by Yasuhide Okuyama,Stephanie E. Chang

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2004-05-18
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN : 9783540214496
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book brings together a collection of innovative papers on strategies for analyzing the spatial and economic impacts of disasters. Natural and human-induced disasters pose several challenges for conventional modeling. For example, disasters entail complex linkages between the natural, built, and socio-economic environments. They often create chaos and economic disequilibrium, and can also cause unexpected long-term, structural changes. Dynamic interactions among agents and behavioral adjustments in a disaster become complicated. The papers in this volume make notable progress in tackling these challenges through refinements of conventional methods, as well as new modeling frameworks and multidisciplinary, integrative strategies. The papers also provide case study applications that afford new insights on disaster processes and loss reduction strategies.

The Political Economy of Large Natural Disasters

The Political Economy of Large Natural Disasters
With Special Reference to Developing Countries

by J. M. Albala-Bertrand

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 259
  • ISBN : 0198287658
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The author sets out to develop a new framework for the analysis of disaster situations in developing countries and challenges many of the accepted wisdoms of disaster theory upon which policy prescriptions are built.

Understanding the Economic and Financial Impacts of Natural Disasters

Understanding the Economic and Financial Impacts of Natural Disasters
A Book

by Charlotte Benson,Edward J. Clay

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 119
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disaster prevention and mitigation are integral to development activities. In February 2000, the World Bank's Disaster Management Facility initiated a three-year study on the economic and financial consequences of natural disasters with the support of the U.K. Department for International Development.

Macroeconomic Risk Management Against Natural Disasters

Macroeconomic Risk Management Against Natural Disasters
Analysis focussed on governments in developing countries

by Stefan Hochrainer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-12-14
  • Pages : 203
  • ISBN : 9783835094413
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stefan Hochrainer develops a catastrophe risk management model. It illustrates which trade-offs and choices a country must make in managing economic risks due to natural disasters. Budgetary resources are allocated to pre-disaster risk management strategies to reduce the probability of financing gaps. The framework and model approach allows cross country comparisons as well as the assessment of financial vulnerability, macroeconomic risk, and risk management strategies. Three case studies demonstrate its flexibility and coherent approach.

The Impact of Natural Disasters on Systemic Political and Social Inequities in the U.S.

The Impact of Natural Disasters on Systemic Political and Social Inequities in the U.S.
A Book

by Paul S. Adams,Geoffrey L. Wood

  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Release : 2020-11-16
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 1793628009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Impact of Natural Disasters on Systemic Political and Social Inequities in the U.S. examines how natural disasters impact social inequality in the United States. The contributors cover topics such as criminal justice, demographics, economics, history, political science, and sociology to show how effects of natural disasters vary by social and economic class in the United States. This volume studies social and political mechanisms in disaster response and relief that enable natural disasters to worsen inequalities in America and offers potential solutions.

Methodologies for Estimating the Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters

Methodologies for Estimating the Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters
A Book

by Hirokazu Tatano,Yoshio Kajitani

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2022-06-13
  • Pages : 90
  • ISBN : 9789811627187
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book outlines methodologies to estimate the economic impacts of natural disasters based on business surveys conducted after large disasters in Japan. By including numerous observations on business activities in past disasters and the validations of both engineering and economic models based on these data sets, this book appeals to practitioners who estimate the regional economic impacts as well as to students and young professionals in various fields who conduct disaster impact studies. The book consists of 7 chapters and includes theories and practices, which help readers to interlink the estimation methods with real-world problems. The study primarily focuses on cases in Japan, but the methods employed can be generalized and applied in other countries.

Natural Disasters: Economic Effects of Hurricanes Katrina, Sandy, Harvey, and Irma (709293)

Natural Disasters: Economic Effects of Hurricanes Katrina, Sandy, Harvey, and Irma (709293)
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Economic Impact of Natural Disasters on Development in the Pacific: Research report

Economic Impact of Natural Disasters on Development in the Pacific: Research report
A Book

by Emily McKenzie

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Impacts of Natural Disasters

The Impacts of Natural Disasters
A Framework for Loss Estimation

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Assessing the Costs of Natural Disasters

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1999-05-06
  • Pages : 80
  • ISBN : 0309063949
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We in the United States have almost come to accept natural disasters as part of our nation's social fabric. News of property damage, economic and social disruption, and injuries follow earthquakes, fires, floods and hurricanes. Surprisingly, however, the total losses that follow these natural disasters are not consistently calculated. We have no formal system in either the public or private sector for compiling this information. The National Academies recommends what types of data should be assembled and tracked.

Managing Disaster Risk in Emerging Economies

Managing Disaster Risk in Emerging Economies
A Book

by Alcira Kreimer,Margaret Arnold

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2000-01-01
  • Pages : 193
  • ISBN : 9780821347263
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 1999 natural catastrophes and man-made disasters claimed more than 105,000 lives, 95 percent of them in the developing world, and caused economic losses of around US$100 billion. In 1998 the twin disasters of the Yangtze and Hurrican Mitch accounted for two-thirds of the US$65 billion loss. The geographical areas affected may vary, but one constant is that the per capita burden of catastrophic losses is dramatically higher in developing countries. To respond to an increased demand to assist disaster rcovery programmes, the World Bank set up the Disaster Management Facility in 1998, to help provide the Bank with a more rapid and strategic response to disaster emergencies. The DMF focuses on risk identification, risk reduction, and risk sharing/transfer, the three major topics in this volume. The DMF also promotes strategic alliances with key private, government, multilateral and nongovernmental organisations to ensure the inclusion of disaster risk reduction as a central value of development. The most important of these partnerships is the ProVention Consortium, launched in February 2000, based on the premise that we must all take responsibility for making the new millennium a safer one.

The Economic Impact of Natural Disasters in Fiji

The Economic Impact of Natural Disasters in Fiji
A Book

by Charlotte Benson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 108
  • ISBN : 9780850032512
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural Disaster Reduction

Natural Disaster Reduction
A Plan for the Nation

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 44
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Economic Impacts and Emergency Management of Disasters in China

Economic Impacts and Emergency Management of Disasters in China
A Book

by Xianhua Wu

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811613192
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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National Economic Impact Analysis of Terrorist Attacks and Natural Disasters

National Economic Impact Analysis of Terrorist Attacks and Natural Disasters
A Book

by Harry W. Richardson,Jiyoung Park,James E. Moore, II,Qisheng Pan

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Pub
  • Release : 2015-01-28
  • Pages : 283
  • ISBN : 9781783475858
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'The NEIMO development effort is as ambitious as any in regional science. In addition to immense data handling issues faced are the numerous conceptual and theoretical hurdles these researchers have cleared so adeptly. the volume's chapters present many of the critical areas of analysis to which analytical frameworks like NIEMO can be put, and demonstrate what can be accomplished when a group of dedicated scholars focus their collective energy on the development of computational models of complex social system' - Randall Jackson, Director of West Virginia University, US This book develops a national economic impact model to estimate the effects of simulated terrorist attacks and natural disasters on individual US States and economic sectors. the model, called NIEMO (The National Interstate Economic Model) looks at interindustry relationships and interregional trade. the model (with 47 sectors and 52 regions) is highly disaggregated and this strengthens its accuracy. the terrorist attacks examined include theme parks, bridges and tunnels in the national highway system, attempts to shoot down airplanes, the spread of foot-and-mouth disease, and a bomb at a baseball stadium during a game. the natural disasters are almost all real world: Hurricane Katrina, the Joplin Tornado, the Gulf Oil Spill and Hurricane Sandy. the exception is the effects on State economies of closing all international borders to keep out a global pandemic. One chapter does not deal with a disaster but rather the effects of the widening and deepening of the Panama Canal on US ports trade. the economic impacts vary in magnitude. for example, the destruction of bridges and tunnels would be quite mild in terms of raising interstate highway freight costs while the shooting down of a plane could have massive repercussions. Similarly, Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy had disastrous consequences while the effects of the Joplin Tornado were quite modest.

The Local Economic Impact of Natural Disasters

The Local Economic Impact of Natural Disasters
A Book

by Brigitte Roth Tran,Daniel J. Wilson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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