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Effect of Temperature and other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers

Effect of Temperature and other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2008-12-05
  • Pages : 824
  • ISBN : 0815516940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an update to the first edition compiled and published in 1990 by William Woishnis. A lot has changed in the field since 1990 and a lot has not changed. There are new plastic materials. There has been a huge turnover in ownership of plastics producing companies. There has been a lot of consolidation, which of course means discontinued products. Thus, this update is much more extensive than the usual "next edition." It has been reorganized from a chemistry point of view. Plastics of similar polymer types are grouped into nine chapters. Each of these chapters includes an introduction with a brief explanation of the chemistry of the polymers used in the plastics. An extensive first chapter has been added as an introduction that summarizes the chemistry of making polymers, the formulation of plastics, testing and test methods, and plastic selection. Most plastic products and parts are expected to be used in environments other than room temperature and standard humidity conditions. Chapters 2-10 are a databank that serves as an evaluation of plastics as they are exposed to varying operating conditions at different temperatures, humidity, and other factors. Over 900 graphs for more than 45 generic families of plastics are contained in these chapters. Chapter 11 contains extensive mechanical and electrical data in tabular form. The tables contain data on several thousand plastics. Similarly, Chapter 12 contains thermal data on several thousand plastics. Data from the first edition have only been removed if those products were discontinued, and many products were. Product names and manufacturers have been updated. • Detailed introductions of plastics properties, testing procedures, and principles of plastics design. • The only "databook" available on the effects of temperature and humidity conditions on plastics and elastomers. • More than 1,000 graphs and tables allow for easy comparison between products. • Covers more than 70 types of plastics, and summarizes the chemistry of each type.

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 822
  • ISBN : 9780815520061
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Most plastic products and parts are expected to be used in environments other than room temperature and standard humidity conditions. Chapters 2-10 are a databank that serves as an evaluation of plastics as they are exposed to varying operating conditions at different temperatures, humidity, and other factors. Over 900 graphs for more than 45 generic families of plastics are contained in these chapters. Chapter 11 contains extensive mechanical and electrical data in tabular form. The tables contain data on several thousand plastics. Similarly, Chapter 12 contains thermal data on several thousand plastics. Data from the first edition have only been removed if those products were discontinued, and many products were. Product names and manufacturers have been updated. . Detailed introductions of plastics properties, testing procedures, and principles of plastics design. . The only "databook" available on the effects of temperature and humidity conditions on plastics and elastomers. .-

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers, Second Edition

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers, Second Edition
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Effect of Creep and other Time Related Factors on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Creep and other Time Related Factors on Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2014-08-26
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 0323354076
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This reference guide brings together a wide range of critical data on the effect of creep and other long term effects on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. The data are supported by explanations of how to make use of the data in real world engineering contexts and provides the long-term properties data that designers need to create a product that will stand the test of time. This new edition represents a full update of the data, removing all obsolete data, adding new data, and updating the list of plastics manufacturers. Additional plastics have also been included for polyesters, polyamides and others where available, including polyolefins, elastomers and fluoropolymers. Entirely new sections on biodegradable polymers and thermosets have been added to the book. The level of data included – along with the large number of graphs and tables for easy comparison – saves readers the need to contact suppliers, and the selection guide has been fully updated, giving assistance on the questions which engineers should be asking when specifying materials for any given application. Trustworthy, current data on creep, stress-strain and environmental stress cracking, enabling easier and more effective material selection and product design. Includes expert guidance to help practitioners make best use of the data. Entirely new sections added on sustainable and biodegradable polymers, and thermosets.

The Effect of Long Term Thermal Exposure on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Long Term Thermal Exposure on Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2013-11-20
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0323188931
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This reference guide brings together a wide range of essential data on the effect of long term thermal exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. The data is supported by explanations of how to make use of the data in real-world engineering contexts. High heat environments are common in automotive, oil and gas, household appliances, coatings, space and aeronautics and many more end uses. As a result, thermal stability data are critically important to engineers designing parts particularly that replace metals, work that is common today as they look for ways to reduce weight. The data tables in this book enable engineers and scientists to select the right materials for a given product or application across a wide range of sectors. Several polymer classes are covered, including polyolefins, polyamides, polyesters, elastomers, fluoropolymers, biodegradable plastics and more, saving readers the need to contact suppliers. The book also includes introductory sections to provide background on plastic/polymer chemistry and formulation and plastic testing methods, providing the knowledge required to make best use of the data. Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics for use in high temperature environments Includes introductory chapters on polymer chemistry and its effect on thermal stability, providing the underpinning knowledge required to utilize the data Covers a wide range of commercial polymer classes, saving readers the need to contact suppliers

The Effect of Sterilization on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Sterilization on Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2012-10-08
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1455725986
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Updated and extended ed. of The effects of sterilization methods on plastics and elastomers by Liesl K. Massey.

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2013-06-21
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 145573005X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This reference guide brings together a wide range of essential data on the effects of weather and UV light exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. In both normal and extreme environments, outdoor use has a variety of effects on different plastics and elastomers, including discoloring and brittleness. The data is supported by explanations of real-world engineering applications. The data tables in this book are supported by examples of real-world applications, enabling engineers and scientists to select the right materials for a given situation, across a wide range of sectors including construction, packaging, signage, consumer (e.g. toys, outdoor furniture), automotive and aerospace, defense, etc. The third edition includes new text chapters that provide the fundamental knowledge required to make best use of the data. Author Larry McKeen has also added detailed descriptions of the effect of weathering on the most common polymer classes such as polyolefins, polyamides, polyesters, elastomers, fluoropolymers, biodegradable plastics, etc., making this book an invaluable design guide as well as an industry standard data source. Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics in outdoor applications and products New introductory chapters on weathering processes and the effect of light and heat on plastics 25% new data

Hollow Glass Microspheres for Plastics, Elastomers, and Adhesives Compounds

Hollow Glass Microspheres for Plastics, Elastomers, and Adhesives Compounds
A Book

by Steve E Amos,Baris Yalcin

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-04-30
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 1455775509
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hollow Glass Microspheres for Plastics, Elastomers, and Adhesives Compounds brings together, for the first time, all of the practical and theoretical aspects of glass bubble manufacturing, including its properties, processing, and applications, as well as regulatory, environmental, and health and safety aspects. The book enables the reader to evaluate the applicability of glass bubbles to various applications involving polymers in thermoplastics, elastomers, liquid thermosets, and adhesives. It is an indispensible guide for material selection and improving sustainability of products. Related data sets and case studies complement the book, making it a reference book for plastics processors, product designers, and engineers working with plastics and elastomers, and anyone who wants to improve functionality and performance, make their products lighter, longer lasting, and stronger, all while reducing costs and material needs. Provides best practices for plastics and rubber processing with glass bubbles Synthesizes all of the practical and theoretical aspects of glass bubble manufacturing, including its properties, applications, and more Describes different end-use applications and how glass bubbles influence various properties, including mechanical, structural, thermal, and optical properties in these applications A one-stop reference book that also covers the regulatory and environmental aspects of this important additive

Fatigue and Tribological Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

Fatigue and Tribological Properties of Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2009-11-17
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9781437778359
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Part of a series of core databooks within the William Andrew Plastics Design Library, Fatigue and Tribological Properties of Plastics and Elastomers provides a comprehensive collection of graphical multipoint data and tabular data covering fatigue and tribology. The concept of fatigue is very straightforward: if an object is subjected to a stress or deformation, and it is repeated, the object becomes weaker. This weakening of plastic material is called fatigue. Tribology is the science and technology of surfaces in contact with each other and therefore covers friction, lubrication and wear. The reduction of wear and fatigue and the improvement of lubrication are key bottom-line issues for engineers and scientists involved in the plastics industry and product design with plastics. Fatigue and Tribological Properties of Plastics and Elastomers, 2e, is an update of all that has changed in the world of plastics since the 1st edition appeared nearly 15 years ago, and has been reorganized from a polymer chemistry point of view. A hard-working reference tool: part of the daily workflow of engineers and scientists involved in the plastics industry and product design with plastics The reduction of wear and fatigue and the improvement of lubrication are key bottom-line issues The data in this book provide engineers with the tools they need to design for low failure rates

Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 1437734693
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rev. ed. of: Permeability properties of plastics and elastomers / Massey, Liesl K. c2003. 2nd ed.

Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2012-04-25
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 1455728012
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Now in its 3e, Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers, has been extensively revised. This is the only data handbook available on the engineering properties of commercial polymeric films. It details many physical, mechanical, optical, electrical, and permeation properties within the context of specific test parameters, providing a ready reference for comparing materials in the same family as well as materials in different families. Data is presented on the characteristics of 47 major plastic and elastomer packaging materials. New to this edition, the resin chapters each contain textual summary information including category, general description, processing methods, applications, and other facts as appropriate, such as reliability, weatherability, and regulatory approval considerations for use in food and medical packaging. Extensive references are provided. Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with polymer films 3e expanded by nearly 50% to include new data sections and additional explanatory chapters to help readers utilize the data and work successfully with plastic films Written for engineers working across the key market sectors for polymer film applications: semiconductor, chemicals, food, beverage and pharmaceutical packaging, energy, medical devices, etc.

Information Industry Directory

Information Industry Directory
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Brydson's Plastics Materials

Brydson's Plastics Materials
A Book

by Marianne Gilbert

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2016-09-27
  • Pages : 892
  • ISBN : 0323370225
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Brydson's Plastics Materials, Eighth Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the commercially available plastics materials that bridge the gap between theory and practice. The book enables scientists to understand the commercial implications of their work and provides engineers with essential theory. Since the previous edition, many developments have taken place in plastics materials, such as the growth in the commercial use of sustainable bioplastics, so this book brings the user fully up-to-date with the latest materials, references, units, and figures that have all been thoroughly updated. The book remains the authoritiative resource for engineers, suppliers, researchers, materials scientists, and academics in the field of polymers, including current best practice, processing, and material selection information and health and safety guidance, along with discussions of sustainability and the commercial importance of various plastics and additives, including nanofillers and graphene as property modifiers. With a 50 year history as the principal reference in the field of plastics material, and fully updated by an expert team of polymer scientists and engineers, this book is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in this field. Presents a one-stop-shop for easily accessible information on plastics materials, now updated to include the latest biopolymers, high temperature engineering plastics, thermoplastic elastomers, and more Includes thoroughly revised and reorganised material as contributed by an expert team who make the book relevant to all plastics engineers, materials scientists, and students of polymers Includes the latest guidance on health, safety, and sustainability, including materials safety data sheets, local regulations, and a discussion of recycling issues

Thermoplastic Elastomers

Thermoplastic Elastomers
Synthesis and Applications

by Chapal Kumar Das

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2015-11-26
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 9535122231
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs), commonly known as thermoplastic rubbers, are a category of copolymers having thermoplastic and elastomeric characteristics. A TPE is a rubbery material with properties very close to those of conventional vulcanized rubber at normal conditions. It can be processed in a molten state even at elevated temperatures. TPEs show advantages typical of both rubbery materials and plastic materials. TPEs are a class of polymers bridging between the service properties of elastomers and the processing properties of thermoplastics. Nowadays, the best use of thermoplastics is in the field of biomedical applications, starting from artificial skin to many of the artificial human body parts. Apart from these, thermoplastic elastomers are being used for drug encapsulation purposes, and since they are biocompatible in many cases, their scope of applications has been broadened in the biotechnological field as well. The present book highlights many biological and biomedical applications of TPEs from which the broader area readers will benefit.

Engineered Materials Handbook, Desk Edition

Engineered Materials Handbook, Desk Edition
A Book

by ASM International. Handbook Committee

  • Publisher : ASM International
  • Release : 1995-11
  • Pages : 1317
  • ISBN : 9780871702838
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive reference on the properties, selection, processing, and applications of the most widely used nonmetallic engineering materials. Section 1, General Information and Data, contains information applicable both to polymers and to ceramics and glasses. It includes an illustrated glossary, a collection of engineering tables and data, and a guide to materials selection. Sections 2 through 7 focus on polymeric materials--plastics, elastomers, polymer-matrix composites, adhesives, and sealants--with the information largely updated and expanded from the first three volumes of the Engineered Materials Handbook. Ceramics and glasses are covered in Sections 8 through 12, also with updated and expanded information. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Polyurethane Elastomers

Polyurethane Elastomers
From Morphology to Mechanical Aspects

by Cristina Prisacariu

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-07-03
  • Pages : 255
  • ISBN : 9783709105146
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive account of the physical / mechanical behaviour of polyurethanes (PU ́s) elastomers, films and blends of variable crystallinity. Aspects covered include the elasticity and inelasticity of amorphous to crystalline PUs, in relation to their sensitivity to chemical and physical structure. A study is made of how aspects of the constitutive responses of PUs vary with composition: the polyaddition procedure, the hard segment, soft segment and chain extender (diols and diamines) are varied systematically in a large number of systems of model and novel crosslinked andthermoplastic PUs. Results will be related to: microstructural changes, on the basis of evidence from x-ray scattering (SAXS and WAXS), and also dynamic mechanical analyses (DMA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and IR dichroism. Inelastic effects will be investigated also by including quantitative correlations between the magnitude of the Mullins effect and the fractional energy dissipation by hysteresis under cyclic straining, giving common relations approached by all the materials studied. A major structural feature explored is the relationship between the nature of the hard segment (crystallising or not) and that of the soft segments. Crystallinity has been sometimes observed in the commercial PUs hard phase but this is usually limited to only a few percent for most hard segment structures when solidified from the melt. One particular diisocyanate, 4,4’-dibenzyl diisocyanate (DBDI) that, in the presence of suitable chain extenders ( diols or diamines), gives rise to significant degrees of crystallinity [i-iii] and this is included in the present work. Understanding the reaction pathways involved, in resolving the subtle morphological evolution at the nanometre level, and capturing mathematically the complex, large-deformation nonlinear viscoelastic mechanical behaviour are assumed to bring new important insights in the world basic research in polyurethanes and towards applied industrial research in this area.

Additives for Plastics Handbook

Additives for Plastics Handbook
A Book

by J. Murphy

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2001-11-22
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 9780080498614
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Both technically and economically, additives form a large and increasingly significant part of the polymer industry, both plastics and elastomers. Since the first edition of this book was published, there have been wide-ranging developments, covering chemistry and formulation of new and more efficient additive systems and the safer use of additives, both by processors in the factory and, in the wider field, as they affect the general public. This new edition follows the successful formula of its predecessor, it provides a comprehensive view of all types of additives, concentrating mainly on their technical aspects (chemistry/formulation, structure, function, main applications) with notes on the commercial background of each. The field has been expanded to include any substance that is added to a polymer to improve its use, so including reinforcing materials (such as glass fibre), carbon black and titanium dioxide. This is a book which has been planned for ease of use and the information is presented in a way which is appropriate to the users' needs.

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics
A Book

by ASM International,Steve Lampman

  • Publisher : ASM International
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 489
  • ISBN : 1615030735
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The selection and application of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This reference book on engineering plastics provides practical and comprehensive coverage on how the performance of plastics is characterized during design, property testing, and failure analysis. The fundamental structure and properties of plastics are reviewed for general reference, and detailed articles describe the important design factors, properties, and failure mechanisms of plastics. The effects of composition, processing, and structure are detailed in articles on the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Other articles cover failure mechanisms such as: crazing and fracture; impact loading; fatigue failure; wear failures, moisture related failure; organic chemical related failure; photolytic degradation; and microbial degradation. Characterization of plastics in failure analysis is described with additional articles on analysis of structure, surface analysis, and fractography.

Chemical Resistance of Thermoplastics

Chemical Resistance of Thermoplastics
A Book

by William Woishnis,Sina Ebnesajjad

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2011-11-26
  • Pages : 3526
  • ISBN : 1455730122
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chemical Resistance of Thermoplastics is a unique reference work, providing a comprehensive cross-referenced compilation of chemical resistance data that explains the effect of thousands of exposure media on the properties and characteristics of commodity thermoplastics. The two volumes cover thermoplastics grouped within the following parts: - Acrylic Polymers and Copolymers - Acrylonitrile Polymers - Cellulosics Polymers - Ionomers - Olefinic Polymers - Polyacetals - Polyacetals - Polyamides - Polycarbonates - Polyesters - Polyurethanes - Polycarbonates - Styrene Copolymers - Styrene Copolymers - Vinyl Chloride Polymers - Vinyl Polymers The single most comprehensive data source covering the chemical resistance properties of high consumption volume commercial thermoplastics A rating number is provided for each test, summarizing the effect of the exposure medium on the given thermoplastic The data covered in the two volumes is also provided as an online publication offering extended navigation and search features

How to Find Chemical Information

How to Find Chemical Information
A Guide for Practicing Chemists, Educators, and Students

by Robert E. Maizell,Maizell, Robert Edward Maizell,ROBERT E AUTOR MAIZELL

  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release : 1998-04-27
  • Pages : 515
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Highly recommended for anyone in chemistry looking for a very readable book on chemical information retrieval." -Journal of the American Chemical Society (on the Second Edition) The Essential Guide to Using CHemical Information Sources-in a brand-new Third Edition More chemical information resources exist now than ever before, in an array of formats that can be daunting to novices and experts alike in every discipline of the field. Yet a sound working knowledge of available sources and how to access them is an invaluable asset to anyone working in the fast-moving world of modern chemistry-an essential tool for saving time, money, and effort. This new edition of How to Find Chemical Information guides readers skillfully through today's complex maze of chemical information sources and systems, whether in electronic or printed form. It combines an in-depth examination of chemical information tools and access methods with tested principles for assessing and selecting the most appropriate sources for different needs. Thoroughly revised and updated to address all major developments and trends of recent years, How to Find Chemical Information, Third Edition is a peerless resource that features: * The mechanics of chemistry information flow, communication patterns, and search strategies * Detailed and up-to-date material on Chemical Abstracts Service and its products * Other private and government chemical information sources * Online databases, host systems, Internet files, CD-ROMs, and other electronic products and how these fit into the total information picture * Encyclopedias, other major reference books, and reviews * Journals and patent documents * Coverage of safety, the environment, and related topics * Chemical marketing and business resources * Physical property data, process information, and more