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Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Tropical Forest Ecosystems

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Tropical Forest Ecosystems
A Book

by Adam Markham

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-11
  • Pages : 463
  • ISBN : 9401727309
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change represents one of the most alarming long-term threats to ecosystems the world over. This new collection of papers provides, for the first time, an overview of the potentially serious impact that climate change may have on tropical forests. The authors, a multi-disciplinary group of leading experts in climatology, forestry, ecology and conservation biology, present a state-of-knowledge snapshot of how tropical forests are likely to react to the changes being wrought on our planet's atmosphere and climate. Tropical forests represent extraordinary harbours for biological diversity, and yet as deforestation and degradation continue apace, they are under greater pressure from human impacts than ever before. Climate change adds yet another threat to these valuable ecosystems, and this volume demonstrates just how significant a problem this may really be. The authors identify certain types of forest, including tropical montane cloud forest that may be particularly vulnerable. They also show the strong likelihood of global warming aggravating problems in already fragmented forest areas.

Effects of Climate Change on Forests

Effects of Climate Change on Forests
An Evidence-Based Primer for Sustainable Management of Temperate and Mediterranean Forests

by Fabrizio D'Aprile,Piermaria Corona

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-09-01
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 0128151331
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Effects of Climate Change on Forests: An Evidence-Based Primer for Sustainable Management of Temperate and Mediterranean Forests presents concepts, case studies and application techniques for theories on forest management under climate change. Readers will gain an understanding on how forest planning and management ties into the ecological functioning and resilience of forests by following variability in growth (or other processes) over time, a concept weakly implemented in traditional forest planning. This shift in focus has significant benefits, not only in better incorporating the services provided by forests, but also in opening up better adaptation planning. Outlines innovative tools to evaluate and assess forest management plans Provides guidelines and criteria for forest planning, sustainability and management techniques for adapting to climate change Helps the reader develop comprehensive forest management plans— complete with sylvicultural interventions—which account for uncertainties in climate change Ties directly into A for Climate project from the EU Commission as part of Horizon 2020

Forestry and Climate Change

Forestry and Climate Change
A Book

by Peter H. Freer-Smith,Mark S.J. Broadmeadow,Jim M. Lynch

  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 2007-01-01
  • Pages : 253
  • ISBN : 1845932951
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change is one of the greatest challenges we face - both in terms of its potential impact on our societies and the earth, and the scale of international co-operation that is needed to confront it. Emerging as a component of the international dialogue on the environment and climate, the role of forests in influencing earth systems will need to be assessed. Drawing together perspectives from researchers and policy makers, this book explores how forests will interact with the physical and natural world, and with human society as the climate changes. Also considered is how the world's forests can be managed to contribute to the mitigation of climate change and to maximize the full range of economic and non-market benefits. Providing an examination of the science, a detailed consideration of the science policy interface and the international frameworks and conventions, this book is valuable reading for all those interested in sustainable forest management, climate change and the associated environmental sciences.

Managing Forest Ecosystems: The Challenge of Climate Change

Managing Forest Ecosystems: The Challenge of Climate Change
A Book

by Felipe Bravo,Valerie LeMay,Robert Jandl,Klaus Gadow

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-05-20
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 1402083432
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate changes, particularly warming trends, have been recorded around the globe. For many countries, these changes in climate have become evident through insect epidemics (e.g., Mountain Pine Beetle epidemic in Western Canada, bark beetle in secondary spruce forests in Central Europe), water shortages and intense forest fires in the Mediterranean countries (e.g., 2005 droughts in Spain), and unusual storm activities (e.g., the 2004 South-East Asia Tsunami). Climate changes are expected to impact vegetation as manifested by changes in vegetation extent, migration of species, tree species composition, growth rates, and mortality. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has included discussions on how forests may be impacted, and how they may be used to mitigate the impacts of changes in climate, to possibly slow the rate of change. This book provides current scientific information on the biological and economical impacts of climate changes in forest environments, as well as information on how forest management activities might mitigate these impacts, particularly through carbon sequestration. Case studies from a wide geographic range are presented. This information is beneficial to managers and researchers interested in climate change and impacts upon forest environments and economic activities. This volume, which forms part of Springer’s book series Managing Forest Ecosystems, presents state-of-the-art research results, visions and theories, as well as specific methods for sustainable forest management in changing climatic conditions.

Global Change and Forestry

Global Change and Forestry
Socioeconomic Studies from the 1994 SOFEW Meeting

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 45
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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USDA Forest Service Global Change Research Program Highlights, 1991-95

USDA Forest Service Global Change Research Program Highlights, 1991-95
A Book

by Richard A. Birdsey

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Approaches to Predicting Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Forest Disease

Approaches to Predicting Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Forest Disease
An Example with Armillaria Root Disease

by Ned B. Klopfenstein

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 10
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Predicting climate change influences on forest diseases will foster forest management practices that minimize adverse impacts of diseases. Precise locations of accurately identified pathogens and hosts must be documented and spatially referenced to determine which climatic factors influence species distribution. With this information, bioclimatic models can predict the occurrence and distribution of suitable climate space for host and pathogen species under projected climate scenarios. Predictive capacity is extremely limited for forest pathogens because distribution data are usually lacking. Using Armillaria root disease as an example, predictive approaches using available data are presented.

Climate Change Impacts on Tropical Forests in Central America

Climate Change Impacts on Tropical Forests in Central America
An ecosystem service perspective

by Aline Chiabai

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-09-25
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 1317961501
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The loss of biodiversity is a major environmental problem in nearly every terrestrial ecosystem on Earth. This loss is accelerating driven by climate change, as well as by other causes including agricultural exploitation, fragmentation and degradation triggered by land use changes. The crucial issue under debate is the impact on the welfare of current and future population, and the role of humans in the exploitation of natural resources. This is of particular importance in Central America, which it is amongst the richest and most threatened biodiversity regions on the Earth, and where the loss of ecosystems strongly affects its socio-economic vulnerability. This book addresses the impacts of climate and land-use change on tropical forest ecosystems in this important region, and assesses the expected economic costs if no policy action is taken, under different future scenarios and for different geographical scales. This innovative collection utilises both theoretical approaches and empirical results to provide a conceptual framework for an integrated analysis of climate and land-use change impacts on forest ecosystems and related economic effects, offering insight into the complex relationship between ecosystems and benefits to humans. This important contribution to forest ecosystems and climate change provides invaluable reading for students and scholars in the fields of environmental and ecological economics, environmental science and forestry, natural resource management, agriculture and climate change.

Climate Change and Forest Ecosystems

Climate Change and Forest Ecosystems
A Book

by Silvia Lac,Mark P. McHenry

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2014-01-01
  • Pages : 153
  • ISBN : 9781631177484
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on climate change and forest ecosystems (impacts, mitigation, vulnerability and adaptation), and includes work from various international institutions that consider forests as part of the solution to address climate change. The book aims to increase the understanding of forest ecosystems dynamics in response to a changing climate; to address deforestation; and maximise carbon sequestration in forests and forest products. Community and political issues involved at various project and ecosystem scales are discussed in detail. By advancing and exchanging knowledge that is complimentary to the UNFCCC-IPCC framework, our team of editors and authors hope to add a valuable contribution to address global climate change in relation to forestry and forest ecosystems in vulnerable locations. It includes work from various institutions and international contributors. Book chapters include a wide variety of topics on climate change impacts, mitigation, vulnerability and adaptation of forests. Our team of editors, reviewers, and authors are honoured to be part of this project; truly an example of international co-operation and articulation within the climate change community.

Productivity of America's Forests and Climate Change

Productivity of America's Forests and Climate Change
A Book

by Richard A. Birdsey

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 70
  • ISBN : 9780788127649
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analyzes the impacts of elevated carbon dioxide & climate change on forested ecosystems, & the economic feedbacks on harvest patterns & vegetation change on private timberlands in the U.S. Used as a framework linking general circulation model output, an ecosystem model (TEM), models of the forest sector, & a carbon accounting model. Future climates are described with output from the different models. The strong demand for wood products in the future dampens any positive growth effects on forests, for all but the maximum scenario. Charts, tables & maps.

Climate Change and America's Forests

Climate Change and America's Forests
A Book

by L. A. Joyce

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 12
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Forests, Carbon Cycle and Climate Change

Forests, Carbon Cycle and Climate Change
A Book

by Denis Loustau

  • Publisher : Editions Quae
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 311
  • ISBN : 2759203840
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The results presented in this book summarize the main findings of the CARBOFOR project, which brought together 52 scientists from 14 research units to investigate the effects of future climate on the carbon cycle, the productivity and vulnerability of French forests. This book explains the current forest carbon cycle in temperate and Mediterranean climates, including the dynamics of soil carbon and the total carbon stock of French forests, based on forest inventories. It reviews and illustrates the main ground-based methods for estimating carbon stocks in tree biomass. Spatial variations in projected climate change over metropolitan France throughout the 21st century are described. The book then goes on to consider the impacts of climate change on tree phenology and forest carbon balance, evapotranspiration and production as well as their first order interaction with forest management alternatives. The impact of climate change on forest vulnerability is analysed. A similar simulation study was carried out for a range of pathogenic fungi, emphasizing the importance of both warming and precipitation changes. The consequences of climate change on the occurrence of forest fires and the forest carbon cycle in the Mediterranean zone are also considered."--Publisher.

Climate Change and Forest Resources

Climate Change and Forest Resources
A Book

by Brent Sohngen,Robert O. Mendelsohn

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014-08-31
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9780415770606
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is growing evidence that even if modest control policies are adopted, increasing greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere will lead to global warming over the next century and beyond. This is expected to have profound effects on the location and productivity of the world's ecosystems. Although a great deal of attention has been devoted to studying the direct effects of climate change on agriculture and coastal systems, comparatively little attention has been devoted to studying the impacts on the world's forests. Yet virtually every forest system around the world is expected to be influenced by climate change; from tropical forests in Africa or the Amazon to polar forests in Canada or Russia. This book discusses important scientific and policy relevant information about climate change and global forests. Divided into three general sections, the book: highlights the natural science link between greenhouse gases and forests discusses the social impacts of climate-induced forest changes discusses policies to use forests to sequester carbon. Each chapter of includes a review of the literature relevant to the specific issues addressed.

Global Climate Change and Human Impacts on Forest Ecosystems

Global Climate Change and Human Impacts on Forest Ecosystems
Postglacial Development, Present Situation and Future Trends in Central Europe

by J. Puhe,B. Ulrich

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 3642595316
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The inclusion of forests as potential biological sinks in the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1997 has attracted international attention and again has put scientific and political focus on the world's forests, regarding their state and development. The international discus sion induced by the Kyoto Protocol has clearly shown that not only the tropical rain forests are endangered by man's activities, but also that the forest ecosystems of boreal, temperate, mediterranean and subtropical regions have been drastically modified. Deforestation on a large scale, burning, over-exploitation, and the degra dation of the biological diversity are well-known symptoms in forests all over the world. This negative development happens in spite of the already existing knowledge of the benefits of forests on global energy and water regimes, the biogeochemical cycling of carbon and other elements as well as on the biological and cultural diversity. The reasons why man does not take care of forests properly are manifold and complex and there is no easy solution how to change the existing negative trends. One reason that makes it so difficult to assess the impacts of human activity on the future development of forests is the large time scale in which forests react, ranging from decades to centuries.

Forest Health Under Climate Change: Effects on Tree Resilience, and Pest and Pathogen Dynamics

Forest Health Under Climate Change: Effects on Tree Resilience, and Pest and Pathogen Dynamics
A Book

by Riikka Linnakoski,Risto Kasanen,Aikaterini Dounavi,Kristian Forbes

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-01-10
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889633071
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Assessing Potential Biophysical and Socioeconomic Impacts of Climate Change on Forest-based Communities

Assessing Potential Biophysical and Socioeconomic Impacts of Climate Change on Forest-based Communities
A Methodological Case Study

by T. B. Williamson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report presents methods for assessing the potential biophysical and socioeconomic impacts of climate change at scales relevant to forest-based communities. The methods are tested and demonstrated by estimating such impacts for the community of Vanderhoof, British Columbia. First, spatially referenced climate histories and climate scenarios are developed for a 200 km 200 km study area surrounding Vanderhoof. Second, these climate data are linked to new models and methods for projecting changes in productivity, species, and wildfire risk under conditions of climate change. Third, methods for linking changes in productivity to potential changes in harvest rate and then to potential changes in aggregate household income are developed and applied. Finally, an approach for linking, presenting, and comparing the results from the various methods is presented. This approach takes account of both climate change and parallel socioeconomic changes occurring in a communitys external environment and acknowledges the inherent uncertainty in climate and socioeconomic scenarios. The approach is based on the development of multitiered scenario radar maps, which are then compressed into a single radar map providing a concise summary of potential climate impacts on a particular community. The assessment of community vulnerability tends to be specific to a particular location. Nevertheless, the Vanderhoof case study highlights areas where forest-based communities may be uniquely exposed, sensitive, and therefore potentially vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Climate change may increase fire risk in forests surrounding communities. It is also likely to affect timber supplies (positively, negatively, or both), thereby causing changes in local economic activity and increasing instability and uncertainty. Moreover, these responses may be variable and nonlinear over time. The Vanderhoof experience with the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) shows that climate change has the potential to affect natural capital near other forestbased communities. Reduction of the natural capital asset base supporting any community will ultimately result in negative socioeconomic impacts. Governments (municipal, provincial, and federal) could use the approaches described here to identify locations where natural capital is at greatest risk. This information is needed to develop strategies for either protecting existing natural capital, replacing lost capital, or transforming exposed natural capital to alternative types of assets that are less sensitive to climate change.

Climate change vulnerability assessment of forests and forest-dependent people

Climate change vulnerability assessment of forests and forest-dependent people
A framework methodology

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 2019-11-29
  • Pages : 98
  • ISBN : 9251319812
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Negative impacts of climate change on forests threaten the delivery of crucial wood and non-wood goods and environmental services on which an estimated 1.6 billion people fully or partly depend. Assessment of the vulnerability of forests and forest-dependent people to climate change is a necessary first step for identifying the risks and the most vulnerable areas and people, and for developing measures for adaptation and targeting them for specific contexts. This publication provides practical technical guidance for forest vulnerability assessment in the context of climate change. It describes the elements that should be considered for different time horizons and outlines a structured approach for conducting these assessments. The framework will guide practitioners in conducting a step-by-step analysis and will facilitate the choice and use of appropriate tools and methods. Background information is provided separately in text boxes, to assist readers with differing amounts of experience in forestry, climate change and assessment practices. The publication will provide useful support to any vulnerability assessment with a forest- and tree-related component.

Fire, Climate Change, and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest

Fire, Climate Change, and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest
A Book

by Eric S. Kasischke,Brian J. Stocks

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-08-22
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0387216294
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A discussion of the direct and indirect mechanisms by which fire and climate interact to influence carbon cycling in North American boreal forests. The first section summarizes the information needed to understand and manage fires' effects on the ecology of boreal forests and its influence on global climate change issues. Following chapters discuss in detail the role of fire in the ecology of boreal forests, present data sets on fire and the distribution of carbon, and treat the use of satellite imagery in monitoring these regions as well as approaches to modeling the relevant processes.

Trees and Global Warming

Trees and Global Warming
The Role of Forests in Cooling and Warming the Atmosphere

by William J. Manning

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2020-06-30
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 1108471781
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Looks at the question: do forests cool or warm the atmosphere and reduce global warming?

Global Climate Change & the Urban Forest

Global Climate Change & the Urban Forest
A Book

by Kamran K. Abdollahi,Zhu Hua Ning,Alexander Appeaning

  • Publisher : Gcrcc
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 77
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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