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Einstein's Theory of Relativity

Einstein's Theory of Relativity
A Book

by Max Born

  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Release : 2012-05-23
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0486142124
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Semi-technical account includes a review of classical physics (origin of space and time measurements, Ptolemaic and Copernican astronomy, laws of motion, inertia, more) and of Einstein's theories of relativity.

Relativity

Relativity
The Special and the General Theory

by Albert Einstein,SBP Editors

  • Publisher : Samaira Book Publishers
  • Release : 2017-11-03
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 8193540174
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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After completing the final version of his general theory of relativity in November 1915, Albert Einstein wrote a book about relativity for a popular audience. His intention was 'to give an exact insight into the theory of relativity to those readers who, from a general scientific and philosophical point of view, are interested in the theory, but who are not conversant with the mathematical apparatus of theoretical physics.' The book remains one of the most lucid explanations of the special and general theories ever written. In the early 1920s alone, it was translated into ten languages, and fifteen editions in the original German appeared over the course of Einstein's lifetime. The theory of relativity enriched physics and astronomy during the 20th century.

Einstein's General Theory of Relativity

Einstein's General Theory of Relativity
With Modern Applications in Cosmology

by Øyvind Grøn,Sigbjorn Hervik

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-08-24
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 0387692002
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces the general theory of relativity and includes applications to cosmology. The book provides a thorough introduction to tensor calculus and curved manifolds. After the necessary mathematical tools are introduced, the authors offer a thorough presentation of the theory of relativity. Also included are some advanced topics not previously covered by textbooks, including Kaluza-Klein theory, Israel's formalism and branes. Anisotropic cosmological models are also included. The book contains a large number of new exercises and examples, each with separate headings. The reader will benefit from an updated introduction to general relativity including the most recent developments in cosmology.

The Routledge Guidebook to Einstein's Relativity

The Routledge Guidebook to Einstein's Relativity
A Book

by James Trefil

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-02-20
  • Pages : 146
  • ISBN : 1317549988
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Albert Einstein, one of the most prolific scientists of the twentieth century, developed the theory of relativity which was crucial for the advancement of modern physics. Young Einstein identified a paradox between Newtonian Mechanics and Maxwell’s equations which pointed to a flawed understanding of space and time by the scientists of the day. In Relativity, Einstein presents his findings using a minimal amount of mathematical language, but the text can still be challenging for readers who lack an extensive scientific background. The Routledge Guidebook to Einstein’s Relativity expands on and supplements this seminal text, by exploring: the historical context of Einstein’s work and the background to his breakthroughs details of experimental verification of special and general relativity the enduring legacy of Einstein’s theories and their implications for future scientific breakthroughs. This is an essential introduction for students of physics, philosophy and history in understanding the key elements of the work and the importance of this classic text to society today.

Einstein's Relativity and Beyond

Einstein's Relativity and Beyond
New Symmetry Approaches

by Jong-Ping Hsu

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2000-07-20
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 9814494763
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The purposes of this book are (1) to explore and expound relativity physics and four-dimensional symmetry from the logically simplest viewpoint by making one single postulate instead of two; and (2) to indicate the simplest generalization of the Lorentz transformation in order to cope with frames with constant linear accelerations. The fundamentally new ideas of the first purpose are developed on the basis of the term paper of a Harvard physics undergraduate. They lead to an unexpected affirmative answer to the long-standing question of whether it is possible to construct a relativity theory without postulating the constancy of the speed of light and retaining only the first postulate of special relativity. This question was discussed in the early years following the discovery of special relativity by many physicists, including Ritz, Tolman, Kunz, Comstock and Pauli, all of whom obtained negative answers. Furthermore, the new theory of relativity indicates the truly universal and fundamental constants in physics, and provides a broad view of relativistic physics beyond special relativity. It substantiates the view and sheds light on the understanding that the four-dimensional symmetry framework can accommodate many different concepts of physical time, including common time and Reichenbach's general concept of time. This logically simplest viewpoint of relativity allows a natural extension of the physics of particles and fields from inertial frames to noninertial frames in which the speed of light is not constant. New predictions in physics resulting from this new viewpoint are discussed. The book is based on papers by the author and his collaborators in Physics Letters A, Nuovo Cimento B, and Physical Review A and D. Contents:A Brief Review of Space and TimeThe Nontrivial Pursuit of Earth's Absolute MotionOn the Right Track — Voigt, Lorentz and LarmorePoincaré's Contributions and the Aether (Past and Present)Young Einstein's Novel Creation Based on 2 PostulatesMinkowski's 4-Dimensional Spacetime, Adjustable Clocks and Flexibility in the Concept of TimeTaiji Relativity Based Solely on 1 Principle — the First Principle of RelativityThe Arbitrary Speed of Light in Taiji Relativity and the Michelson-Morley ExperimentLorentz and Poincaré Invariance Without Involving a Constant Corresponding to the Speed of LightTruly Universal Constants and Physical Laws Based on Taiji RelativityQuantum Electrodynamics Based on Taiji Relativity and Dilatation of Lifetimes and Decay-LengthsCommon Relativity: A Common Time for all ObserversCommon Time and Many-Particle Systems in a 4-Dimensional Symmetry FrameworkCommon Relativity and Quantum MechanicsCommon Relativity and Fuzzy Quantum Field TheoryCommon Relativity and the 3 K Cosmic Background RadiationExtended Relativity: A Weaker Postulate for the Speed of LightExtended Relativity with the Lorentz Group and Lifetime DilatationPhysical Implications of Extended RelativityDetermination of the Parameters of General Linear Transformations by Precision ExperimentsGeneralized Lorentz Transformations for Non-Inertial Frames Based on the Limiting 4-Dimensional SymmetryDynamics of Classical and Quantum Particles in Non-Inertial Frames with the Limiting 4-Dimensional SymmetryExperimental Tests of Generalized Lorentz Transformations for Constant-Linear-Acceleration FramesQuantizations of Scalar, Spinor and Electromagnetic Fields in Constant-Linear-Acceleration FramesTaiji Rotational Transformations with the Limiting 4-Dimensional Symmetry Readership: Theoretical, high-energy and experimental physicists. Keywords:Space;Time;Spacetime;Relativity;Lorentz;Poincare;Einstein;Minkowski;Symmetry;Invariance;Light;JP HsuReviews: “Hsu's book shows many new aspects of Einstein's theory which are not taught in lectures or by any other books on this subject … His understanding and appreciation of physics together with his unconventional style of writing make, in my opinion, the book worth reading for every physicist who is interested in Special Relativity.” Andreas Ernst University of Heidelberg Heidelberg, Germany

The Special Theory of Relativity

The Special Theory of Relativity
A Book

by David Bohm

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 9780415148092
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book presents the theory of relativity as a unified whole. By showing that the concepts of this theory are interrelated to form a unified totality David Bohm supplements some of the more specialist courses which have tended to give students a fragmentary impression of the logical and conceptual nature of physics as a whole.

The Road to Einstein's Relativity

The Road to Einstein's Relativity
Following in the Footsteps of the Giants

by David Lyth

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-01-31
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0429682689
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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CHOICE Highly Recommended Title, August 2019 Expertly guided by renowned cosmologist Dr. David Lyth, learn about the pioneering scientists whose work provided the foundation for Einstein’s formulation of his theories of relativity, and about Einstein's groundbreaking life and work as well. This highly readable and accessible panorama of the field delicately balances history and science as it takes the reader on an adventure through the centuries. Without complex mathematics or scientific formulae, this book will be of interest to all, even those without a scientific background, who are intrigued to find out more about what paved the way for one of our most famous physicists to push the boundaries of physics to new lengths. Features: Written by an internationally renowned physicist and cosmologist Describes the life and times of Einstein and his important predecessors Focuses on one of the most famous areas of science, Einstein’s Relativity Theory

Understanding Einstein's Theories of Relativity

Understanding Einstein's Theories of Relativity
Man's New Perspective on the Cosmos

by Stan Gibilisco

  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Release : 1991-01-01
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9780486266596
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Clear, concise exposition of both the special and general theories of relativity, intended for nonscientific readers with a knowledge of high school math. Topics include simultaneity, time dilation, length contraction, the possibility of travel to a distant star, non-Euclidean geometries, black holes, and the structure of the universe. 158 illustrations.

What Is Relativity?

What Is Relativity?
An Intuitive Introduction to Einstein's Ideas, and Why They Matter

by Jeffrey Bennett

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2014-02-25
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 0231167261
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An astrophysicist offers an entertaining introduction to Einstein's theories, explaining how well they have held up to rigorous testing over the years, and even describing the amazing phenomena readers would actually experience if they took a trip through a black hole.

No Shadow of a Doubt

No Shadow of a Doubt
The 1919 Eclipse That Confirmed Einstein's Theory of Relativity

by Daniel Kennefick

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2021-03-09
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0691217157
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The extraordinary story of the scientific expeditions that ushered in the era of relativity In 1919, British scientists led expeditions to Brazil and Africa to test Albert Einstein’s new theory of general relativity in what became the century’s most celebrated scientific experiment. The result ushered in a new era and made Einstein a celebrity by confirming his prediction that the path of light rays would be bent by gravity. Yet the effort to “weigh light” during the May 29, 1919, solar eclipse has become clouded by myth and skepticism. Could Arthur Eddington and Frank Dyson have gotten the results they claimed? Did the pacifist Eddington falsify evidence to foster peace after a horrific war by validating the theory of a German antiwar campaigner? In No Shadow of a Doubt, Daniel Kennefick provides definitive answers by offering the most comprehensive and authoritative account of how expedition scientists overcame war, bad weather, and equipment problems to make the experiment a triumphant success.

It's About Time

It's About Time
Understanding Einstein's Relativity

by N. David Mermin

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2009-07-26
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 0691141274
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Time.

Einstein's Pathway to the Special Theory of Relativity

Einstein's Pathway to the Special Theory of Relativity
A Book

by Galina Weinstein

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2015-06-18
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 1443878898
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book pieces together the jigsaw puzzle of Einstein’s journey to discovering the special theory of relativity. Between 1902 and 1905, Einstein sat in the Patent Office and may have made calculations on old pieces of paper that were once patent drafts. One can imagine Einstein trying to hide from his boss, writing notes on small sheets of paper, and, according to reports, seeing to it that the small sheets of paper on which he was writing would vanish into his desk-drawer as soon as he heard footsteps approaching his door. He probably discarded many pieces of papers and calculations and flung them in the waste paper basket in the Patent Office. The end result was that Einstein published nothing regarding the special theory of relativity prior to 1905. For many years before 1905, he had been intensely concerned with the topic; in fact, he was busily working on the problem for seven or eight years prior to 1905. Unfortunately, there are no surviving notebooks and manuscripts, no notes and papers or other primary sources from this critical period to provide any information about the crucial steps that led Einstein to his great discovery. In May 1905, Henri Poincaré sent three letters to Hendrik Lorentz at the same time that Einstein wrote his famous May 1905 letter to Conrad Habicht, promising him four works, of which the fourth one, Relativity, was a rough draft at that point. In the May 1905 letters to Lorentz, Poincaré presented the basic equations of his 1905 “Dynamics of the Electron”, meaning that, at this point, Poincaré and Einstein both had drafts of papers relating to the principle of relativity. The book discusses Einstein’s and Poincaré’s creativity and the process by which their ideas developed. The book also explores the misunderstandings and paradoxes apparent in the theory of relativity, and unravels the subtleties and creativity of Einstein.

The Einstein Theory of Relativity (愛因斯坦相對論)

The Einstein Theory of Relativity (愛因斯坦相對論)

by Hendrik Antoon Lorentz

  • Publisher : Hyweb Technology Co. Ltd.
  • Release : 2011-07-15
  • Pages : 10
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Whether it is true or not that not more than twelve persons in all the world are able to understand Einstein's Theory, it is nevertheless a fact that there is a constant demand for information about this much-debated topic of relativity. The books published on the subject are so technical that only a person trained in pure physics and higher mathematics is able to fully understand them. In order to make a popular explanation of this far-reaching theory available

Albert Einstein and Relativity for Kids

Albert Einstein and Relativity for Kids
His Life and Ideas with 21 Activities and Thought Experiments

by Jerome Pohlen

  • Publisher : Chicago Review Press
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 161374031X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Best known for his general theory of relativity and the famous equation linking mass and energy, E = mc, Albert Einstein had a lasting impact on the world of science, the extent of which is illuminated--along with his fascinating life and unique personality--in this lively history. In addition to learning all about Einstein's important contributions to science, from proving the existence and size of atoms and launching the field of quantum mechanics to creating models of the universe that led to the discovery of black holes and the big bang theory, young physicists will participate in activities and thought experiments to bring his theories and ideas to life. Such activities include using dominoes to model a nuclear chain reaction, replicating the expanding universe in a microwave oven, creating blue skies and red sunsets in a soda bottle, and calculating the speed of light using a melted chocolate bar. Suggestions for further study, a time line, and sidebars on the work of other physicists of the day make this an incredibly accessible resource for inquisitive children.

Einstein's Relativity

Einstein's Relativity
A Criticism

by Dunlap Jamison McAdam

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1922
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Einstein's Physics

Einstein's Physics
Atoms, Quanta, and Relativity - Derived, Explained, and Appraised

by Ta-Pei Cheng

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2013-01-31
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 0199669910
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What exactly did Einstein do that's so important in physics? We provide an introduction to his physics at a level accessible to an undergraduate student. All equations are worked out in detail from the beginning. Although the book is written with primarily a physics readership in mind (it can also function as a textbook), enough pedagogical support material is provided that anyone with a solid background in introductory physics (say, an engineer) can, with someeffort, understand a good part this presentation.We show why Einstein's papers were decisive to our understanding of matter as composed of molecules and atoms; why is he regarded as a foundingfather of quantum theory; how did his relativity theory bring about the new understanding that time, just like space, is relative; and how did his general relativity extend Newton's theory to new physical realm, allowing us to study black holes and cosmology.

The Formative Years of Relativity

The Formative Years of Relativity
The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

by Hanoch Gutfreund,Jürgen Renn

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2017-09-26
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0691174636
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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First published in 1922 and based on lectures delivered in May 1921, Albert Einstein’s The Meaning of Relativity offered an overview and explanation of the then new and controversial theory of relativity. The work would go on to become a monumental classic, printed in numerous editions and translations worldwide. Now, The Formative Years of Relativity introduces Einstein’s masterpiece to new audiences. This beautiful volume contains Einstein’s insightful text, accompanied by important historical materials and commentary looking at the origins and development of general relativity. Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn provide fresh, original perspectives, placing Einstein’s achievements into a broader context for all readers. In this book, Gutfreund and Renn tell the rich story behind the early reception, spread, and consequences of Einstein’s ideas during the formative years of general relativity in the late 1910s and 1920s. They show that relativity’s meaning changed radically throughout the nascent years of its development, and they describe in detail the transformation of Einstein’s work from the esoteric pursuit of one individual communicating with a handful of colleagues into the preoccupation of a growing community of physicists, astronomers, mathematicians, and philosophers. This handsome edition quotes extensively from Einstein’s correspondence and reproduces historical documents such as newspaper articles and letters. Inserts are featured in the main text giving concise explanations of basic concepts, and short biographical notes and photographs of some of Einstein’s contemporaries are included. The first-ever English translations of two of Einstein’s popular Princeton lectures are featured at the book’s end.

The Special Theory of Relativity

The Special Theory of Relativity
Einstein’s World in New Axiomatics

by Helmut Günther,Volker Müller

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-09-25
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN : 9811377839
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses in detail the special theory of relativity without including all the instruments of theoretical physics, enabling readers who are not budding theoretical physicists to develop competence in the field. An arbitrary but fixed inertial system is chosen, where the known velocity of light is measured. With respect to this system a moving clock loses time and a moving length contracts. The book then presents a definition of simultaneity for the other inertial frames without using the velocity of light. To do so it employs the known reciprocity principle, which in this context serves to provide a definition of simultaneity in the other inertial frames. As a consequence, the Lorentz transformation is deduced and the universal constancy of light is established. With the help of a lattice model of the special theory of relativity the book provides a deeper understanding of the relativistic effects. Further, it discusses the key STR experiments and formulates and solves 54 problems in detail.

Einstein's Jury

Einstein's Jury
The Race to Test Relativity

by Jeffrey Crelinsten

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2016-05-31
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0691171076
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Einstein's Jury is the dramatic story of how astronomers in Germany, England, and America competed to test Einstein's developing theory of relativity. Weaving a rich narrative based on extensive archival research, Jeffrey Crelinsten shows how these early scientific debates shaped cultural attitudes we hold today. The book examines Einstein's theory of general relativity through the eyes of astronomers, many of whom were not convinced of the legitimacy of Einstein's startling breakthrough. These were individuals with international reputations to uphold and benefactors and shareholders to please, yet few of them understood the new theory coming from the pen of Germany's up-and-coming theoretical physicist, Albert Einstein. Some tried to test his theory early in its development but got no results. Others--through toil and hardship, great expense, and perseverance--concluded that it was wrong. A tale of international competition and intrigue, Einstein's Jury brims with detail gleaned from Crelinsten's far-reaching inquiry into the history and development of relativity. Crelinsten concludes that the well-known British eclipse expedition of 1919 that made Einstein famous had less to do with the scientific acceptance of his theory than with his burgeoning public fame. It was not until the 1920s, when the center of gravity of astronomy and physics shifted from Europe to America, that the work of prestigious American observatories legitimized Einstein's work. As Crelinsten so expertly shows, the glow that now surrounds the famous scientist had its beginnings in these early debates among professional scientists working in the glare of the public spotlight.

The Curious History of Relativity

The Curious History of Relativity
How Einstein's Theory of Gravity Was Lost and Found Again

by Jean Eisenstaedt

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2018-06-05
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN : 0691186758
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Black holes may obliterate most things that come near them, but they saved the theory of general relativity. Einstein's theory was quickly accepted as the true theory of gravity after its publication in 1915, but soon took a back seat in physics to quantum mechanics and languished for decades on the blackboards of mathematicians. Not until the existence of black holes by Stephen Hawking and Roger Penrose in the 1960s, after Einstein's death, was the theory revived. Almost one hundred years after general relativity replaced Newton's theory of gravitation, The Curious History of Relativity tells the story of both events surrounding general relativity and the techniques employed by Einstein and the relativists to construct, develop, and understand his almost impenetrable theory. Jean Eisenstaedt, one of the world's leading experts on the subject, also discusses the theory's place in the evolution of twentieth-century physics. He describes the main stages in the development of general relativity: its beginnings, its strange crossing of the desert during Einstein's lifetime while under heated criticism, and its new life from the 1960s on, when it became vital to the understanding of black holes and the observation of exotic objects, and, eventually, to the discovery of the accelerating universe. We witness Einstein's construction of his theory, as well as the work of his fascinated, discouraged, and enthusiastic colleagues--physicists, mathematicians, and astronomers. Written with flair, The Curious History of Relativity poses--and answers--the difficult questions raised by Einstein's magnificent intellectual feat.