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Electrical Spectroscopy of Earth Materials

Electrical Spectroscopy of Earth Materials
A Book

by Tsylya M. Levitskaya,Ben K. Sternberg

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-05-30
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 0128186046
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrical Spectroscopy of Earth Materials provides detailed coverage of theoretical and experimental methods of electrical spectroscopy of Earth materials, based on first-hand research and extensive data. The book includes actual data sets and specific explanations for the methods used in obtaining and analyzing the data, including graphical displays of results. It describes the electrical properties of various soil samples and offers both theory and techniques for researchers to apply to their own research. Including examination of the practical aspects of electrical spectroscopy measurements and extensive computer-readable data, Electrical Spectroscopy of Earth Materials is a unique resource for geophysicists to save both time and effort in understanding and analyzing Earth materials and soil properties. Includes coverage of spectroscopic methods, including details of the measurement process and lab setup Provides information about the data processing program for calculating all electrical parameters Presents computer-readable data for all samples from a wide variety of electrical conditions, including high-loss and low-loss soils Features case studies and complete data sets for soil electrical property measurements

Rare Earth Materials

Rare Earth Materials
Properties and Applications

by A.R. Jha

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-06-17
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN : 1466564024
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent studies indicate that China accounts for about 96 percent of the world’s supply of rare earth materials (REMs). With REMs becoming increasingly important for a growing number of high-tech applications, appropriate action must be taken to mitigate the effects of a shortage of critical REMs in defense systems and components. Bringing together information previously available only from disparate journal articles and databases, Rare Earth Materials: Properties and Applications describes the unique characteristics and applications of 17 REMs. It defines their chemical, electrical, thermal, and optical characteristics. Maintaining a focus on physical and chemical properties, it addresses the history and critical issues pertaining to mining and processing of REMs. In this book, Dr. A.R. Jha continues his distinguished track record of distilling complex theoretical physical concepts into an understandable technical framework that can be extended to practical applications across commercial and industrial frameworks. He summarizes the chemical, optical, electrical, thermal, magnetic, and spectroscopic properties of REMs best suited for next-generation commercial and military systems or equipment. Coverage includes extraction, recycling, refinement, visual inspection, identification of spectroscopic parameters, quality control, element separation based on specific application, pricing control, and environmental / geo-political considerations. Potential applications are identified with an emphasis on scientific instruments, nuclear resonance imaging equipment, MRI systems, magnetic couplers for uranium enrichment equipment, battery-electrodes, electric motors, electric generators, underwater sensors, and commercial and military sensors. The book describes unique applications of rare earth magnets in all-electric and hybrid electric cars and microwave components. It also considers the use of rare earth magnets in commercial and military systems where weight and size are the critical design requirements. Suitable for both students and design engineers involved in the development of high-technology components or systems, the book concludes by summarizing future applications in electro-optic systems and components, including infrared lasers, diode-pumped solid-state lasers operating at room temperatures, and other sophisticated military and commercial test equipment

Science and Technology of Rare Earth Materials

Science and Technology of Rare Earth Materials
A Book

by E C Subbarao

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 439
  • ISBN : 0323138977
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Science and Technology of Rare Earth Materials reviews the important aspects of the science and technology of rare earth materials, covering the entire spectrum from occurrence to extraction and purification, phase relationships, electronic structure, and applications. This book is organized into five sections encompassing 19 chapters. The occurrence, extraction, and production of rare earths are discussed in the first section, followed by purification methods employed for rare earths, together with the role of impurities on their behavior. The phase relations among the rare earth alloys, including a particular reference to the technologically important rare earth-cobalt alloys, and phase relations among the rare earth oxides are considered in the second section. The succeeding two sections focus on studies of the electronic structure of rare earth materials, with emphasis on the use of nuclear magnetic resonance and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Theoretical conceptions are set forth as well as the effect of crystal fields and valence fluctuations on the properties of rare earth systems. The final section describes some of the extensive current uses of rare earth materials such as in the steel industry and in permanent magnets, as well as emerging applications in catalysis, hydrogen storage, ferroelectrics, and fast ion conductors. This book is a valuable resource for researchers and students interested in rare earths.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1963
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lists citations with abstracts for aerospace related reports obtained from world wide sources and announces documents that have recently been entered into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Database.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1975
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1976-01
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern Luminescence Spectroscopy of Minerals and Materials

Modern Luminescence Spectroscopy of Minerals and Materials
A Book

by Dan Gafta,Michael Gaft,Renata Reisfeld,Gerard Panczer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2005-04-20
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 9783540219187
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Luminescence Spectroscopy of Minerals and Materials presents an overview of the general concepts in luminescence spectroscopy as well as experimental methods and their interpretation. Special emphasis is laid on the fluorescence lifetime and the determination of time-resolved spectra. This method enables the exposure of new luminescence in minerals previously hidden by more intensive centers. Specialists in the fields of solid state physics, chemistry and spectroscopy will find a wealth of new information in this unique book.

Metals Abstracts

Metals Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrically Based Microstructural Characterization

Electrically Based Microstructural Characterization
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spectroscopic Properties of Rare Earths in Optical Materials

Spectroscopic Properties of Rare Earths in Optical Materials
A Book

by Guokui Liu,Bernard Jacquier

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-01-29
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 3540282092
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aimed at researchers and graduate students, this book provides up-to-date information about the electronic interactions that impact the optical properties of rare earth ions in solids. Its goal is to establish a connection between fundamental principles and the materials properties of rare-earth activated luminescent and laser optical materials. The theoretical survey and introduction to spectroscopic properties covers electronic energy level structure, intensities of optical transitions, ion-phonon interactions, line broadening, and energy transfer and up-conversion. An important aspect of the book lies in its deep and detailed discussions of materials properties and the potential of new applications such as optical storage, information processing, nanophotonics, and molecular probes that have been identified in recent experimental studies. This volume will be a valuable reference book on advanced topics of rare earth spectroscopy and materials science.

Metals Abstracts Index

Metals Abstracts Index
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Flow Injection Analysis

Flow Injection Analysis
Instrumentation and Applications

by Marek Trojanowicz

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 481
  • ISBN : 9789810227104
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Annotation The first five chapters in this manual for users and manufacturers of FIA technology describe the principles and properties of detection methods, including molecular and atomic spectroscopy detection methods, electrochemical methods, enzymatic methods and immunoassays, and photoacoustic spectroscopic detection. Chapters six and seven cover on-line sample processing and speciation analysis. Chapter eight (the longest chapter) discusses applications of flow injection methods in routine analysis, including environmental applications and analysis of food products and biological and mineral materials, clinical analysis, pharmaceutical and biotechnology applications, and process analysis. The last three chapters cover sequential and batch injection techniques, review commercially available instrumentation, and discuss current trends in developments of flow analysis. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Simulating the Earth

Simulating the Earth
Experimental Geochemistry

by J.R. Holloway,B.J. Wood

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9401180288
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a book about the why and how of doing experiments on rocks, minerals, magmas, and fluids. It could have as logically been subtitled "Experimental petrology" as "Experimental geochemistry," but we chose geochemistry to emphasize the broad and overlapping nature of current experimental work. We have tried to aim the book at a general readership which we hope will include advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and anyone else interested in learning something about experimental petrology. Although we hope there will be something of interest for the practicing experimentalist, our aim is at the non-experimentalist interested in learning why experiments are useful, what kind of experiments can be done, and what some of the major problems and limitations are and how they can best be avoided. The result of a journey through this book should be an ability to evaluate published experimental work critically and a knowledge of the kinds of problems an experimentalist might be able to help solve. Some details of experimental technique are included in the Appendix for those readers who want to "get their hands dirty. " Indeed, one of our main incentives for writing this book was to try to encourage more petrologists and geochemists to become experimentalists. In our pedagogical approach we have chosen to discuss a small number of case histories as illustrations of principles and techniques. We have tried to select studies we regard as well executed.

Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 3042

Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 3042
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Natural Resources Canada
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Frontiers of Optical Spectroscopy

Frontiers of Optical Spectroscopy
Investigating Extreme Physical Conditions with Advanced Optical Techniques

by Baldassare Di Bartolo,Ottavio Forte

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2005-02-17
  • Pages : 756
  • ISBN : 9781402027499
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced spectroscopic techniques allow the probing of very small systems and very fast phenomena, conditions that can be considered "extreme" at the present status of our experimentation and knowledge. Quantum dots, nanocrystals and single molecules are examples of the former and events on the femtosecond scale examples of the latter. The purpose of this book is to examine the realm of phenomena of such extreme type and the techniques that permit their investigations. Each author has developed a coherent section of the program starting at a somewhat fundamental level and ultimately reaching the frontier of knowledge in the field in a systematic and didactic fashion. The formal lectures are complemented by additional seminars.

Facilities for Earth Materials Research

Facilities for Earth Materials Research
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : National Academies
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 62
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Physics Briefs

Physics Briefs
Physikalische Berichte

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Explosion Spectra of the Alkaline Earth Metals ...

The Explosion Spectra of the Alkaline Earth Metals ...
A Book

by Arthur Lynn Becker

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1923
  • Pages : 16
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstracts of Chinese Geological Literature

Abstracts of Chinese Geological Literature
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Frontiers in Mineral Physics

Frontiers in Mineral Physics
Report of the Mineral Physics Committee of the American Geophysical Union

by Stephen J. Mackwell,William A. Bassett,Paul Francis McMillan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 103
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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