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Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications
Metal–Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives

by Hajime Arai,Jurgen Garche,Luis C. Colmenares

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-10-10
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 0444643346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal-air is a promising battery system that uses inexpensive metals for its negative electrode while unlimited, free and non-toxic oxygen is used for its positive electrode, however, only primary systems have been commercialized so far. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications – Metal–Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives offers a comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries as well as the solutions to the issues for overcoming the related difficulties of the secondary (rechargeable) system. Although metal-air batteries are widely studied as low-cost high-energy systems, their commercialization is limited to primary ones due to currently limited cycle life and insufficient reliability. For realization of the secondary systems, this book offers comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries, including the details of both electrodes, electrolyte, cell/system, modelling and applications. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications – Metal–Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives provides researchers, instructors, and students in electrochemistry, material science and environmental science; industry workers in cell manufacturing; and government officials in energy, environmental, power supply, and transportation with a valuable resource covering the most important topics of metal-air batteries and their uses. Outlines the general characteristics of metal-air compared with conventional batteries Offers a comprehensive understanding of various metal-air, featuring zinc, and lithium Contains comparisons and issues among various metal-air batteries and research efforts to solve them Includes applications and market prospects

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications
Li-Battery Safety

by Jürgen Garche,Klaus Brandt

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-09-28
  • Pages : 670
  • ISBN : 0444640088
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Safety of Lithium Batteries describes how best to assure safety during all phases of the life of Lithium ion batteries (production, transport, use, and disposal). About 5 billion Li-ion cells are produced each year, predominantly for use in consumer electronics. This book describes how the high-energy density and outstanding performance of Li-ion batteries will result in a large increase in the production of Li-ion cells for electric drive train vehicle (xEV) and battery energy storage (BES or EES) purposes. The high-energy density of Li battery systems comes with special hazards related to the materials employed in these systems. The manufacturers of cells and batteries have strongly reduced the hazard probability by a number of measures. However, absolute safety of the Li system is not given as multiple incidents in consumer electronics have shown. Presents the relationship between chemical and structure material properties and cell safety Relates cell and battery design to safety as well as system operation parameters to safety Outlines the influences of abuses on safety and the relationship to battery testing Explores the limitations for transport and storage of cells and batteries Includes recycling, disposal and second use of lithium ion batteries

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications
Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis

by Tom Smolinka,J. Garche

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-11-09
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 0128194243
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications: Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis offers a comprehensive overview about different hydrogen production technologies, including their technical features, development stage, recent advances, and technical and economic issues of system integration. Allied processes such as regenerative fuel cells and sea water electrolysis are also covered. For many years hydrogen production by water electrolysis was of minor importance, but research and development in the field has increased significantly in recent years, and a comprehensive overview is missing. This book bridges this gap and provides a general reference to the topic. Hydrogen production by water electrolysis is the main technology to integrate high shares of electricity from renewable energy sources and balance out the supply and demand match in the energy system. Different electrochemical approaches exist to produce hydrogen from RES (Renewable Energy Sources). Covers the fundamentals of hydrogen production by water electrolysis Reviews all relevant technologies comprehensively Outlines important technical and economic issues of system integration Includes commercial examples and demonstrates electrolyzer projects

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications
Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis

by Tom Smolinka,Jurgen Garche

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-10-25
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0128194251
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications: Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis offers a comprehensive overview about different hydrogen production technologies, including their technical features, development stage, recent advances, and technical and economic issues of system integration. Allied processes such as regenerative fuel cells and sea water electrolysis are also covered. For many years hydrogen production by water electrolysis was of minor importance, but research and development in the field has increased significantly in recent years, and a comprehensive overview is missing. This book bridges this gap and provides a general reference to the topic. Hydrogen production by water electrolysis is the main technology to integrate high shares of electricity from renewable energy sources and balance out the supply and demand match in the energy system. Different electrochemical approaches exist to produce hydrogen from RES (Renewable Energy Sources). Covers the fundamentals of hydrogen production by water electrolysis Reviews all relevant technologies comprehensively Outlines important technical and economic issues of system integration Includes commercial examples and demonstrates electrolyzer projects

Advanced Industrial Lead-Acid Batteries

Advanced Industrial Lead-Acid Batteries
A Book

by Eduardo Cattaneo,Bernhard Riegel

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-08-31
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 0444632506
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Industrial Lead-Acid Batteries, written for technologists and engineers, presents a detailed account of the different types of reserve and motive power industrial lead-acid batteries, also including recent developments and new applications. Lead-acid batteries (LAB) for reserve and motive power applications have, in recent years, undergone an evolutionary process triggered by novel developments in telecommunication, information technology, material handling, and renewable energy applications. This book details those advances, giving users the latest information on this rapidly advancing field. Presents a complete description and deployment of industrial batteries Gives a detailed account of all the components of industrial batteries and their functions Covers the most common service-life limiting factors of industrial batteries Includes a comprehensive list of battery testing methods, i.e., capacity and self-discharge tests Lists the usual parameters in battery management systems necessary for correct field function Provides details on all manufacturing techniques of LAB

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications-

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications-
Simulation Models of Secondary Batteries: From Quantum Physics to Techno-economic Scale

by Julia Kowal,Dirk Uwe Sauer

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2022-07-15
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9780128199879
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Knowing the behaviour of batteries is very important for different reasons. In applications such as a vehicle energy management, it is important to know the state of the battery, e.g. what is the remaining driving range or when should the battery be replaced. Also, for the system design, simulation models are important, e.g. to design a suitable cooling system that prevents the battery from dangerous states. Simulation models of secondary batteries: From quantum physics to techno-economic scale gives an overview over the different modelling approaches for battery simulation models used for different purposes, such as battery pack design or state of charge estimation. Solutions for different applications are presented. A classification into electrical, thermal, ageing models is given as well as according to the degree of precision ranging from physico-chemical, over impedance based to energy flow or empirical models with their specific advantages and disadvantages. Overviews many different battery modelling approaches Outlines how to choose the best model for a given purpose Offers a complete range from particle to system model Includes electrical, thermal and ageing models Discusses limitations of the modelling approaches

Microgrids

Microgrids
Modeling, Control, and Applications

by Josep M. Guerrero,Ritu Kandari

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-10-21
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 0323854648
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microgrids: Modeling, Control, and Applications presents a systematic elaboration of different types of microgrids, with a particular focus on new trends and applications. The book includes sections on AC, DC and hybrid AC/DC microgrids and reflects state-of-the-art developments, covering theory, algorithms, simulations, error and uncertainty analysis, as well as novel applications of new control techniques. Offering a valuable resource for students and researchers working on the integration of renewable energy with existing grid and control of microgrids, this book combines recent advances and ongoing research into a single informative resource. The book highlights recent findings while also analyzing modelling and control, thus making it a solid reference for researchers as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students. Covers different types of microgrids and their architecture and control in a single book Includes original, state-of-the-art research contributions by international experts Features global case studies for better understanding and real-life examples

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources
A Book

by S. R. S. Prabaharan,M. Siluvai Michael

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-10-24
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 9814241431
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The challenge of providing adequate power on an indefinite basis without causing long-term damage to the environment requires a versatile means of energy conversion and storage. As such, electrical energy storage is becoming more vital today than at any time in human history. Electrochemical systems, such as batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and photoelectrochemical cells, can help meet this objective. Future generations of rechargeable lithium batteries will be required to power portable electronic devices, store electricity from renewable sources, and serve as a vital component to pursuing electric mobility in the future to reduce fossil fuel demand and mitigate environmental issues. In this context, engineering of new materials, especially at the nanoscale, has become imperative to achieve enhanced energy and power density to meet the future challenges of energy storage. This book outlines the state of the art of nanoscale aspects of advanced energy storage devices, such as lithium-ion batteries, including microbatteries and electrochemical supercapacitors. It focuses on various fundamental issues related to device performance of various positive and negative electrode materials, with special reference to their nanoscale advantages. It also includes fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, characterization, physical, and electrochemical properties, and applications of nanoscale materials pertaining to advanced electrochemical power sources. A variety of advanced nanomaterials, such as transition metal oxides, phosphates, silicates, and conversion electrodes, together with some special nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, nanorods, and mesoporous carbons are discussed by many notable authorities in the field.

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
From Fundamentals to Applications

by Supramaniam Srinivasan

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-05-05
  • Pages : 662
  • ISBN : 0387251162
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This concise sourcebook of the electrochemical, engineering and economic principles involved in the development and commercialization of fuel cells offers a thorough review of applications and techno-economic assessment of fuel cell technologies, plus in-depth discussion of conventional and novel approaches for generating energy. Parts I and II explain basic and applied electrochemistry relevant to an understanding of fuel cells. Part III covers engineering and technology aspects. The book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students and scientists interested in fuel cells. Unlike any other current book on fuel cells, each chapter includes problems based on the discussions in the text.

Redox Flow Batteries

Redox Flow Batteries
Fundamentals and Applications

by Huamin Zhang,Xianfeng Li,Jiujun Zhang

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-11-22
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 1351648721
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Flow batteries have received attention in large-scale energy storage due to their flexible design, high safety, high energy efficiency, and environmental friendliness. In recent years, they have been rapidly developed and tested in a variety of scales that prove their feasibility and advantages of use. As energy becomes a global focus, it is important to consider flow battery systems. This book offers a detailed introduction to the function of different kinds of redox flow batteries, including vanadium flow batteries, as well as the electrochemical processes for their development, materials and components, applications, and near future prospects. Redox Flow Batteries: Fundamentals and Applications will give readers a full understanding of flow batteries from fundamentals to commercial applications.

Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources

Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources
A Book

by Jurgen Garche,Chris K. Dyer,Patrick T. Moseley,Zempachi Ogumi,David A. J. Rand,Bruno Scrosati

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-05-20
  • Pages : 4538
  • ISBN : 0444527451
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources is a truly interdisciplinary reference for those working with batteries, fuel cells, electrolyzers, supercapacitors, and photo-electrochemical cells. With a focus on the environmental and economic impact of electrochemical power sources, this five-volume work consolidates coverage of the field and serves as an entry point to the literature for professionals and students alike. Covers the main types of power sources, including their operating principles, systems, materials, and applications Serves as a primary source of information for electrochemists, materials scientists, energy technologists, and engineers Incorporates nearly 350 articles, with timely coverage of such topics as environmental and sustainability considerations

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources
A Book

by S. R. S. Prabaharan,M. Siluvai Michael

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-10-24
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 9814303054
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The challenge of providing adequate power on an indefinite basis without causing long-term damage to the environment requires a versatile means of energy conversion and storage. As such, electrical energy storage is becoming more vital today than at any time in human history. Electrochemical systems, such as batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and photoelectrochemical cells, can help meet this objective. Future generations of rechargeable lithium batteries will be required to power portable electronic devices, store electricity from renewable sources, and serve as a vital component to pursuing electric mobility in the future to reduce fossil fuel demand and mitigate environmental issues. In this context, engineering of new materials, especially at the nanoscale, has become imperative to achieve enhanced energy and power density to meet the future challenges of energy storage. This book outlines the state of the art of nanoscale aspects of advanced energy storage devices, such as lithium-ion batteries, including microbatteries and electrochemical supercapacitors. It focuses on various fundamental issues related to device performance of various positive and negative electrode materials, with special reference to their nanoscale advantages. It also includes fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, characterization, physical, and electrochemical properties, and applications of nanoscale materials pertaining to advanced electrochemical power sources. A variety of advanced nanomaterials, such as transition metal oxides, phosphates, silicates, and conversion electrodes, together with some special nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, nanorods, and mesoporous carbons are discussed by many notable authorities in the field.

Energy Storage

Energy Storage
Fundamentals, Materials and Applications

by Robert Huggins

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-11-13
  • Pages : 509
  • ISBN : 3319212397
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy Storage explains the underlying scientific and engineering fundamentals of all major energy storage methods. These include the storage of energy as heat, in phase transitions and reversible chemical reactions, and in organic fuels and hydrogen, as well as in mechanical, electrostatic and magnetic systems. Updated coverage of electrochemical storage systems considers exciting developments in materials and methods for applications such as rapid short-term storage in hybrid and intermittent energy generation systems, and battery optimization for increasingly prevalent EV and stop-start automotive technologies. This nuanced coverage of cutting-edge advances is unique in that it does not require prior knowledge of electrochemistry. Traditional and emerging battery systems are explained, including lithium, flow and liquid batteries. Energy Storage provides a comprehensive overview of the concepts, principles and practice of energy storage that is useful to both students and professionals.

Electrocatalysts for Low Temperature Fuel Cells

Electrocatalysts for Low Temperature Fuel Cells
Fundamentals and Recent Trends

by Thandavarayan Maiyalagan,Viswanathan S. Saji

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-05-08
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 3527803890
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Meeting the need for a text on solutions to conditions which have so far been a drawback for this important and trend-setting technology, this monograph places special emphasis on novel, alternative catalysts of low temperature fuel cells. Comprehensive in its coverage, the text discusses not only the electrochemical, mechanistic, and material scientific background, but also provides extensive chapters on the design and fabrication of electrocatalysts. A valuable resource aimed at multidisciplinary audiences in the fields of academia and industry.

Metal-Air Batteries

Metal-Air Batteries
Fundamentals and Applications

by Xin-bo Zhang

  • Publisher : Wiley-VCH
  • Release : 2018-12-17
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 3527342796
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive overview of the research developments in the burgeoning field of metal-air batteries An innovation in battery science and technology is necessary to build better power sources for our modern lifestyle needs. One of the main fields being explored for the possible breakthrough is the development of metal-air batteries. Metal-Air Batteries: Fundamentals and Applications offers a systematic summary of the fundamentals of the technology and explores the most recent advances in the applications of metal-air batteries. Comprehensive in scope, the text explains the basics in electrochemical batteries and introduces various species of metal-air batteries. The author-a noted expert in the field-explores the development of metal-air batteries in the order of Li-air battery, sodium-air battery, zinc-air battery and Mg-O2 battery, with the focus on the Li-air battery. The text also addresses topics such as metallic anode, discharge products, parasitic reactions, electrocatalysts, mediator, and X-ray diffraction study in Li-air battery. Metal-Air Batteries provides a summary of future perspectives in the field of the metal-air batteries. This important resource: -Covers various species of metal-air batteries and their components as well as system designation -Contains groundbreaking content that reviews recent advances in the field of metal-air batteries -Focuses on the battery systems which have the greatest potential for renewable energy storage Written for electrochemists, physical chemists, materials scientists, professionals in the electrotechnical industry, engineers in power technology, Metal-Air Batteries offers a review of the fundamentals and the most recent developments in the area of metal-air batteries.

Electrochemical Power Sources

Electrochemical Power Sources
Batteries, Fuel Cells, and Supercapacitors

by Vladimir S. Bagotsky,Alexander M. Skundin,Yurij M. Volfkovich

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-02-02
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1118942531
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrochemical Power Sources (EPS) provides in a concise way the operational features, major types, and applications of batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors • Details the design, operational features, and applications of batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors • Covers improvements of existing EPSs and the development of new kinds of EPS as the results of intense R&D work • Provides outlook for future trends in fuel cells and batteries • Covers the most typical battery types, fuel cells and supercapacitors; such as zinc-carbon batteries, alkaline manganese dioxide batteries, mercury-zinc cells, lead-acid batteries, cadmium storage batteries, silver-zinc batteries and modern lithium batteries

Impedance Spectroscopy

Impedance Spectroscopy
Theory, Experiment, and Applications

by Evgenij Barsoukov,J. Ross Macdonald

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-03-19
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 1119333172
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Essential Reference for the Field, Featuring Protocols, Analysis, Fundamentals, and the Latest Advances Impedance Spectroscopy: Theory, Experiment, and Applications provides a comprehensive reference for graduate students, researchers, and engineers working in electrochemistry, physical chemistry, and physics. Covering both fundamentals concepts and practical applications, this unique reference provides a level of understanding that allows immediate use of impedance spectroscopy methods. Step-by-step experiment protocols with analysis guidance lend immediate relevance to general principles, while extensive figures and equations aid in the understanding of complex concepts. Detailed discussion includes the best measurement methods and identifying sources of error, and theoretical considerations for modeling, equivalent circuits, and equations in the complex domain are provided for most subjects under investigation. Written by a team of expert contributors, this book provides a clear understanding of impedance spectroscopy in general as well as the essential skills needed to use it in specific applications. Extensively updated to reflect the field’s latest advances, this new Third Edition: Incorporates the latest research, and provides coverage of new areas in which impedance spectroscopy is gaining importance Discusses the application of impedance spectroscopy to viscoelastic rubbery materials and biological systems Explores impedance spectroscopy applications in electrochemistry, semiconductors, solid electrolytes, corrosion, solid state devices, and electrochemical power sources Examines both the theoretical and practical aspects, and discusses when impedance spectroscopy is and is not the appropriate solution to an analysis problem Researchers and engineers will find value in the immediate practicality, while students will appreciate the hands-on approach to impedance spectroscopy methods. Retaining the reputation it has gained over years as a primary reference, Impedance Spectroscopy: Theory, Experiment, and Applications once again present a comprehensive reference reflecting the current state of the field.

Fundamentals and Applications of Lithium-ion Batteries in Electric Drive Vehicles

Fundamentals and Applications of Lithium-ion Batteries in Electric Drive Vehicles
A Book

by Jiuchun Jiang,Caiping Zhang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-02-18
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1118414810
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A theoretical and technical guide to the electric vehicle lithium-ion battery management system Covers the timely topic of battery management systems for lithium batteries. After introducing the problem and basic background theory, it discusses battery modeling and state estimation. In addition to theoretical modeling it also contains practical information on charging and discharging control technology, cell equalisation and application to electric vehicles, and a discussion of the key technologies and research methods of the lithium-ion power battery management system. The author systematically expounds the theory knowledge included in the lithium-ion battery management systems and its practical application in electric vehicles, describing the theoretical connotation and practical application of the battery management systems. Selected graphics in the book are directly derived from the real vehicle tests. Through comparative analysis of the different system structures and different graphic symbols, related concepts are clear and the understanding of the battery management systems is enhanced. Contents include: key technologies and the difficulty point of vehicle power battery management system; lithium-ion battery performance modeling and simulation; the estimation theory and methods of the lithium-ion battery state of charge, state of energy, state of health and peak power; lithium-ion battery charge and discharge control technology; consistent evaluation and equalization techniques of the battery pack; battery management system design and application in electric vehicles. A theoretical and technical guide to the electric vehicle lithium-ion battery management system Using simulation technology, schematic diagrams and case studies, the basic concepts are described clearly and offer detailed analysis of battery charge and discharge control principles Equips the reader with the understanding and concept of the power battery, providing a clear cognition of the application and management of lithium ion batteries in electric vehicles Arms audiences with lots of case studies Essential reading for Researchers and professionals working in energy technologies, utility planners and system engineers.

High-Temperature Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage

High-Temperature Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage
Fundamentals and Applications

by Yixiang Shi,Ningsheng Cai,Tianyu Cao,Jiujun Zhang

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-11-08
  • Pages : 207
  • ISBN : 1351332015
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As global demands for energy and lower carbon emissions rise, developing systems of energy conversion and storage becomes necessary. This book explores how Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion (EESC) devices are promising advanced power systems that can directly convert chemical energy in fuel into power, and thereby aid in proposing a solution to the global energy crisis. The book focuses on high-temperature electrochemical devices that have a wide variety of existing and potential applications, including the creation of fuel cells for power generation, production of high-purity hydrogen by electrolysis, high-purity oxygen by membrane separation, and various high-temperature batteries. High-Temperature Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage: Fundamentals and Applications provides a comprehensive view of the new technologies in high-temperature electrochemistry. Written in a clear and detailed manner, it is suitable for developers, researchers, or students of any level.

Carbons for Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion Systems

Carbons for Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion Systems
A Book

by Francois Beguin,Elzbieta Frackowiak

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2009-11-18
  • Pages : 529
  • ISBN : 1420055402
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As carbons are widely used in energy storage and conversion systems, there is a rapidly growing need for an updated book that describes their physical, chemical, and electrochemical properties. Edited by those responsible for initiating the most progressive conference on Carbon for Energy Storage and Environment Protection (CESEP), this book undoub