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Electrocorrosion and Protection of Metals

Electrocorrosion and Protection of Metals
General Approach with Particular Consideration to Electrochemical Plants

by Joseph Riskin

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-11-07
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9780080933009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrocorrosion, the corrosion of metallic constructions by external currents, is the most significant factor in conductive aggressive environments. Corrosion of underground and underwater metal constructions by stray currents has been comprehensively studied in the past decades and is considered here only in the form of a review. The primary attention is on corrosion, by external anodic (mainly) and cathodic currents, of metal constructions in the highly aggressive environments typical for electrochemical plants, where penetration of the external currents (leakage currents) from the electrolytic baths into metal constructions is unavoidable. A new approach to the problem of electrocorrosion protection of passive structural metals is considered in this book, keeping the metals attacked by external currents in the boundaries of their passive field. The systems, developed in accordance with this approach, are based on the modification of existing and elaboration of new methods of electrocorrosion protection. These systems take into account corrosion and electrochemical characteristics of the aggressive media (redox potential, conductivity etc.) and of the passive metal (corrosion and activation potentials, current density in a passive state, etc) as well as the sizes and distribution character of the external currents. The book covers analysis of leakage current distributions in electrochemical plants, their influence, methods to estimate corrosion stability of metallic structures subject to external currents and presents many concrete examples of the successful introduction of corrosion protection systems in operating plants. A new approach to protection from electrocorrosion, taking into account the passive state of the metal in aggressive media Newly developed and modifications of well known methods of electrocorrosion protection are presented. Systematized data on electrocorrosion and protection of metals, especially in electrochemical plants, allow corrosion engineers, researchers and personnel maintaining the equipment of electrochemical plants to analyze the corrosion state of metallic equipment and prevent electrocorrosion.

Corrosion Protection of Metals by Intrinsically Conducting Polymers

Corrosion Protection of Metals by Intrinsically Conducting Polymers
A Book

by Pravin P. Deshpande,Dimitra Sazou

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-01-13
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 1498706932
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of conducting polymers for the anticorrosion protection of metals has attracted great interest during the last 30 years. The design and development of conducting polymers-based coating systems with commercial viability is expected to be advanced by applying nanotechnology and has received substantial attention recently. This book begins with corrosion fundamentals and ends with an emphasis on developments made in conducting polymer science and technology using nanotechnology. Additionally, it gives a detailed account of experimental methods of corrosion testing.

Handbook of Cathodic Corrosion Protection

Handbook of Cathodic Corrosion Protection
A Book

by Walter von Baeckmann,Wilhelm Schwenk,Werner Prinz

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1997-10-17
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN : 9780080507903
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive handbook covers all aspects of cathodic protection in terms of both practice and theory.

Fundamentals of Electrochemical Corrosion

Fundamentals of Electrochemical Corrosion
A Book

by Ele Eugene Stansbury,Robert Angus Buchanan

  • Publisher : ASM International
  • Release : 2000-01-01
  • Pages : 487
  • ISBN : 1615030670
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covering the essential aspects of the corrosion behavior of metals in aqueous environments, this book is designed with the flexibility needed for use in courses for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, for concentrated courses in industry, for individual study, and as a reference book.

An Introduction to Corrosion and Protection of Metals

An Introduction to Corrosion and Protection of Metals
A Book

by Gosta Wranglen

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 1985-05-30
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780412260506
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion may be defined as an unintentional attack on a material through reaction with a surrounding medium. The term can refer to a process or to the damage caused by such a process. According to this general definition, materials other than metals, such as ceramics, plastics or concrete, may also be subject to corrosion (or corrode). When no particular reference is made to the material, however, it is normally understood that a metal is being attacked. It is entirely in this limited sense that the term is used in this book. There are good reasons for treating the corrosion of metals separately, apart from deterioration or decay of other materials. Since metals have a high electric conductivity, their corrosion is usually of an electrochemical nature. The chemical deterioration of electrically non-conducting ma terials, such as plastics and ceramics, is governed by other physico-chemical principles. It is necessary to devote more attention to metallic corrosion nowadays than earlier, due to 1. An increased use of metals within all fields of technology. 2. The use for special applications, e.g. within the atomic energy field, of rare and expensive metals, whose preservation requires particular precautions. 3. A more corrosive environment due to the increasing pollution of air and water. 4. The use of metallic constructions of more slender dimensions which do not tolerate corrosive attacks to the same extent as did the heavy constructions used in the old days.

Cathodic Corrosion Protection Systems

Cathodic Corrosion Protection Systems
A Guide for Oil and Gas Industries

by Alireza Bahadori

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2014-07-05
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 0128003790
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion is a naturally occurring cost, worth billions in the oil and gas sector. New regulations, stiffer penalties for non-compliance and aging assets are all leading companies to develop new technology, procedures and bigger budgets catering to one prevailing method of prevention, cathodic protection. Cathodic Corrosion Protection Systems: A Guide for Oil and Gas Industries trains on all the necessary reports, inspection criteria, corrective measures and critical standards needed on various oil and gas equipment, structures, tanks, and pipelines. Demands in the cathodic protection market have driven development for better devices and methods, helping to prolong the equipment and pipeline’s life and integrity. Going beyond just looking for leaks, this handbook gives the engineer and manager all the necessary tools needed to put together a safe cathodic protection system, whether it is for buried casing while drilling, offshore structures or submarine pipelines. Understand how to install, inspect and engage the right cathodic protection systems for various oil and gas equipment, tanks, and pipelines Properly construct the right procedure and anodes with all relevant US and International standards that apply Gain knowledge concerning techniques, equipment, measurements and test methods used in real-world field scenarios

Principles of Corrosion Engineering and Corrosion Control

Principles of Corrosion Engineering and Corrosion Control
A Book

by Zaki Ahmad

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2006-09-18
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 0080480330
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion is a huge issue for materials, mechanical, civil and petrochemical engineers. With comprehensive coverage of the principles of corrosion engineering, this book is a one-stop text and reference for students and practicing corrosion engineers. Highly illustrated, with worked examples and definitions, it covers basic corrosion principles, and more advanced information for postgraduate students and professionals. Basic principles of electrochemistry and chemical thermodynamics are incorporated to make the book accessible for students and engineers who do not have prior knowledge of this area. Each form of corrosion covered in the book has a definition, description, mechanism, examples and preventative methods. Case histories of failure are cited for each form. End of chapter questions are accompanied by an online solutions manual. * Comprehensively covers the principles of corrosion engineering, methods of corrosion protection and corrosion processes and control in selected engineering environments * Structured for corrosion science and engineering classes at senior undergraduate and graduate level, and is an ideal reference that readers will want to use in their professional work * Worked examples, extensive end of chapter exercises and accompanying online solutions and written by an expert from a key pretochemical university

Lectures on Electrochemical Corrosion

Lectures on Electrochemical Corrosion
A Book

by Marcel Pourbaix

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1468418068
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Workers in the field of corrosion and their students are most fortunate that a happy set of circumstances brought Dr. Marcel Pourbaix into their field in 1949. First, he was invited, while in the USA, to demonstrate at a two week visit to the National Bureau of Standards the usefulness of his electro chemical concepts to the study of corrosion. Secondly, also around the same time, Prof. H. H. Uhlig made a speech before the United Nations which pointed out the tremendous economic consequences of corrosion. Because of these circumstances, Dr. Pourbaix has reminisced, he chose to devote most of his efforts to corrosion rather than to electrolysis, batteries, geology, or any of the other fields where, one might add, they were equally valuable. This decision resulted in his establishing CEBELCOR (Centre BeIge d'Etude de la Corrosion) and in his development of a course at the Free University of Brussels entitled "Lectures on Electrochemical Corrosion." This book is the collection of these lectures translated into English.

Magnesium Alloys

Magnesium Alloys
Properties in Solid and Liquid States

by Frank Czerwinski

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2014-11-05
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 9535117289
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Magnesium alloys with their unique physical and chemical properties are important candidates for many modern engineering applications. Their density, being the lowest of all structural metals, makes them the primary choice in global attempts aimed at reducing the weight of transportation vehicles. However, magnesium also creates challenges at certain stages of raw alloy melting, fabrication of net-shape components and their service. The first one is caused by very high affinity of magnesium to oxygen, which requires protective atmospheres increasing manufacturing cost and heavily contributing to greenhouse gas emissions. The second challenge relates to very high corrosivity of liquid magnesium towards materials it contacts. This imposes restrictions on the selection of materials used to contain, transfer or process molten magnesium during manufacturing operations. A mixture of unique benefits and serious challenges of magnesium alloys in solid and liquid states described here makes the book very useful for a broad audience of scientists and engineers from academia and industry.

Handbook of Hot-dip Galvanization

Handbook of Hot-dip Galvanization
A Book

by Peter Maaß,Peter Peißker

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-03-31
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN : 3527636897
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hot-dip galvanization is a method for coating steel workpieces with a protective zinc film to enhance the corrosion resistance and to improve the mechanical material properties. Hot-dip galvanized steel is the material of choice underlying many modern buildings and constructions, such as train stations, bridges and metal domes. Based on the successful German version, this edition has been adapted to include international standards, regulations and best practices. The book systematically covers all steps in hot-dip galvanization: surface pre-treatment, process and systems technology, environmental issues, and quality management. As a result, the reader finds the fundamentals as well as the most important aspects of process technology and technical equipment, alongside contributions on workpiece requirements for optimal galvanization results and methods for applying additional protective coatings to the galvanized pieces. With over 200 illustrated examples, step-by-step instructions, presentations and reference tables, this is essential reading for apprentices and professionals alike.

Theory of Corrosion and Protection of Metals

Theory of Corrosion and Protection of Metals
The Science of Corrosion

by Nikon Danilovich Tomashov

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1966
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion and Electrochemistry of Zinc

Corrosion and Electrochemistry of Zinc
A Book

by Xiaoge Gregory Zhang

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 1475798776
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Humankind's use of zinc stretches back to antiquity, and it was a component in some of the earliest known alloy systems. Even though metallic zinc was not "discovered" in Europe until 1746 (by Marggral), zinc ores were used for making brass in biblical times, and an 87% zinc alloy was found in prehistoric ruins in Transylvania. Also, zinc (the metal) was produced in quantity in India as far back as the thirteenth century, well before it was recognized as being a separate element. The uses of zinc are manifold, ranging from galvanizing to die castings to electronics. It is a preferred anode material in high-energy-density batteries (e.g., Ni/Zn, Ag/Zn, ZnJair), so that its electrochemistry, particularly in alkaline media, has been extensively explored. In the passive state, zinc is photoelectrochemically active, with the passive film displaying n-type characteristics. For the same reason that zinc is considered to be an excellent battery anode, it has found extensive use as a sacrificial anode for the protection of ships and pipelines from corrosion. Indeed, aside from zinc's well-known attributes as an alloying element, its widespread use is principally due to its electrochemical properties, which include a well-placed position in the galvanic series for protecting iron and steel in natural aqueous environments and its reversible dissolution behavior in alkaline solutions.

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials
A Book

by Myer Kutz

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2012-10-08
  • Pages : 936
  • ISBN : 1437734553
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. The Handbook's broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science

Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science
A Book

by Nestor Perez

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-05-08
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 1402078609
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science is a graduate level text/professional reference that describes the types of corrosion on metallic materials. The focus will be on modeling and engineering approximation schemes that describe the thermodynamics and kinetics of electrochemical systems. The principles of corrosion behavior and metal recovery are succinctly described with the aid of pictures, figures, graphs and schematic models, followed by derivation of equations to quantify relevant parameters. Example problems are included to illustrate the application of electrochemical concepts and mathematics for solving complex corrosion problems. This book differs from others in that the subject matter is organized around the modeling and predicating approaches that are used to determine detrimental and beneficial electrochemical events. Thus, this book will take a more practical approach and make it especially useful as a basic text and reference for professional engineers.

Corrosion Inhibitors, Principles and Recent Applications

Corrosion Inhibitors, Principles and Recent Applications
A Book

by Mahmood Aliofkhazraei

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-04-04
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 9535139177
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To protect metals or alloys from corrosion, some methods can be used such as isolating the structure from the aggressive media or compensating the loss of electrons from the corroded structure. The use of corrosion inhibitors may include organic and inorganic compounds that adsorb on the metallic structure to isolate it from its surrounding media to decrease oxidation-reduction processes. This book collects new developments about corrosion inhibitors and their recent applications.

Materials Corrosion and Protection

Materials Corrosion and Protection
A Book

by Yongchang Huang,Jianqi Zhang

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2018-02-05
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN : 3110382954
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces corrosion mechanisms and protection technologies for metallic and non-metallic materials. A focus lies on the protection of high-tech materials with applications in space and environments exposed to unclear radiation and biological hazards. The determination, measurement and control of different corrosion mechanisms are discussed in detail. Combining theories with case studies, it is an essential reference for material scientists and engineers.

Corrosion of Aluminium

Corrosion of Aluminium
A Book

by Christian Vargel

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2004-10-02
  • Pages : 700
  • ISBN : 9780080472362
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion of Aluminium highlights the practical and general aspects of the corrosion of aluminium alloys with many illustrations and references. In addition to that, the first chapter allows the reader who is not very familiar with aluminium to understand the metallurgical, chemical and physical features of the aluminium alloys. The author Christian Vargel, has adopted a practitioner approach, based on the expertise and experience gained from a 40 year career in aluminium corrosion This approach is most suitable for assessing the corrosion resistance of aluminium- an assessment which is one of the main conditions for the development of many uses of aluminium in transport, construction, power transmission etc. 600 bibliographic references provide a comprehensive guide to over 100 years of related study Providing practical applications to the reader across many industries Accessible to both the beginner and the expert

Fundamentals of Metallic Corrosion

Fundamentals of Metallic Corrosion
Atmospheric and Media Corrosion of Metals

by P.E., Philip A. Schweitzer

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2006-12-22
  • Pages : 752
  • ISBN : 9780849382444
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding corrosion is essential for selecting and maintaining equipment and structural components that will withstand environmental and process conditions effectively. Fundamentals of Metallic Corrosion: Atmospheric and Media Corrosion of Metals focuses on the mechanisms of corrosion as well as the action of various corrodents on metals and th

Springer Handbook of Metrology and Testing

Springer Handbook of Metrology and Testing
A Book

by Horst Czichos,Tetsuya Saito,Leslie E. Smith

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-07-22
  • Pages : 1500
  • ISBN : 9783642166419
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Springer Handbook of Metrology and Testing presents the principles of Metrology – the science of measurement – and the methods and techniques of Testing – determining the characteristics of a given product – as they apply to chemical and microstructural analysis, and to the measurement and testing of materials properties and performance, including modelling and simulation. The principal motivation for this Handbook stems from the increasing demands of technology for measurement results that can be used globally. Measurements within a local laboratory or manufacturing facility must be able to be reproduced accurately anywhere in the world. The book integrates knowledge from basic sciences and engineering disciplines, compiled by experts from internationally known metrology and testing institutions, and academe, as well as from industry, and conformity-assessment and accreditation bodies. The Commission of the European Union has expressed this as there is no science without measurements, no quality without testing, and no global markets without standards.

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale
A Book

by Susai Rajendran,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei,Mahdi Yeganeh,Yongxin Li

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-03-10
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 0128193603
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale explores fundamental concepts on how metals can be protected at the nanoscale by using both nanomaterials-based solutions, including nanoalloys, noninhibitors and nanocoatings. It is an important reference resource for both materials scientists and engineers wanting to find ways to create an efficient corrosion prevention strategy. Nanostructure materials have been widely used in many products, such as print electronics, contact, interconnection, implant, nanosensors and display units to lessen the impact of corrosion. Traditional methods for protection of metals include various techniques, such as coatings, inhibitors, electrochemical methods (anodic and cathodic protections), metallurgical design are covered in this book. Nanomaterials-based protective methods can offer many advantages over their traditional counterparts, such as protection for early-stage, higher corrosion resistance, better corrosion control. This book also outlines these advantages and discusses the challenges of implementing nanomaterials as corrosion protection agents on a wide scale. Explains the main methods of detection, monitoring, testing, measurement and simulation of corrosion at the nanoscale Explores how metals can be protected at the nanoscale using nanotechnology and nanomaterials Discusses the major challenges of detecting and preventing corrosion at the nanoscale