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Electrophysiology Measurements for Studying Neural Interfaces

Electrophysiology Measurements for Studying Neural Interfaces
A Book

by Mohammad M. Aria

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-05-15
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 0128170719
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrophysiology Measurements for Studying Neural Interfaces helps readers to choose a proper cell line and set-up for studying different bio-electronic interfaces before delving into the electrophysiology techniques available. Therefore, this book details the materials and devices needed for different types of neural stimulation such as photoelectrical and photothermal stimulations. Also, modern techniques like optical electrophysiology and calcium imaging in this book provides readers with more available approaches to monitor neural activities in addition to whole-cell patch-clamp technology. Details steps of an electrophysiology project from start to finish for graduate students employing the technique in their research Includes sample electrophysiological studies with multiple cell lines (PC12, N2a, NG108, SHSY, and embryonic stem cell lines) to facilitate research Features data analysis of electrophysiology results from various relevant experiments and cell culture tips

Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2011 Edition

Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2011 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2012-01-09
  • Pages : 1451
  • ISBN : 1464964556
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biomedical Engineering Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biomedical Engineering Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Closing the Loop Around Neural Systems

Closing the Loop Around Neural Systems

by Steve M Potter,Eberhard E Fetz,Ahmed El Hady

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2014-12-03
  • Pages : 423
  • ISBN : 288919356X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Closed-loop neurophysiology has been accelerated by recent software and hardware developments and by the emergence of novel tools to control neuronal activity with spatial and temporal precision, in which stimuli are delivered in real time based on recordings or behavior. Real-time stimulation feedback enables a wide range of innovative studies of information processing and plasticity in neuronal networks. This Research Topic e-Book comprises 16 Original Research Articles, seven Methods Articles, and seven Reviews, Mini- Reviews, and Perspectives, all peer-reviewed and published in Frontiers in Neural Circuits. The contributions deal with closed loop neurophysiology experiments at a variety of levels of neural circuit complexity. Some include modeling and theoretical analyses. New enabling technologies and techniques are described. Novel work is presented from experiments in vitro, in vivo, and in humans, along with their clinical and technological implications for improving the human condition.

Neural Interface Engineering for Electrophysiology Application

Neural Interface Engineering for Electrophysiology Application
A Book

by Hyungsoo Kim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 69
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The brain is a wondrous and complex organ, a biological machine forged by the evolutionary forces of nature. The human brain contains 100 billion neurons and each neuron is connected by synapses to several thousand other neurons. Connected neurons work together to produce perceptions and sensations, memories and emotions, physical movements and abstract constructs. The neurons communicate by means of electricity that passes along and across their cellular membrane. Much of what is known about brain physiology is through the measurement of this electrical activity, either with relatively large electrodes placed on the scalp or tiny microelectrodes inserted into the brain tissue itself. At the finer end of this scale, scientists have discovered much about the way individual neurons extract sensory information, adapt their behavior to form a memory, and convey signals to other regions of the brain. However, it has long been recognized that the brain operates on a global scale, through the collective behavior and interaction of its neural units1. Information is processed in several regions of the brain simultaneously, and the activity of neighboring neurons can be quite different from one another. By one analogy, the attempt to assess brain function by observing a single neuron is like looking at the output of one transistor to learn how a computer works. Thus, the recording of many neurons simultaneously is necessary to truly reveal the mechanisms of the brain2. In recent decades, a variety of recording techniques have been developed for a neural interface such as electroencephalography (EEG), magneto-encephalography (MEG), electrocorticography (ECOG), local field potential (LFP) recordings, micro-electrode array (MEA) and peripheral nerve interfaces (PNIs) to the micron-level precision required for multi-neuron recording. Their small size allows many recording channels to be placed onto one device. One of the goals of neural interface research is to create a seamless connection between the nervous system and the neuroprostheses either by stimulating or by recording from neural tissue to restore or substitute function for individuals with neurological deficits or disabilities. Hence, significant amount of scientific and technological efforts have been devoted to develop neural interfaces that link the nervous system with robotic prosthetic devices. The creation of a novel neural interface is essential for developing the full potential of advanced prosthesis technology required to replace lost limbs. Additionally, meticulous studies of a single neuron and between neurons utilizing the neural interface technology should be made to elucidate fundamental biological phenomena such as cellular processes and heterogeneities. Particularly, an electrophysiological study of neural networks can provide knowledge to unravel the functions of brain. When fundamental research about molecular and cellular mechanisms of a single neuron and electrophysiological studies using neural interfaces on both the central and peripheral nervous systems are done together, it has a synergistic effect on neural interface technology. The research and methodologies described in this dissertation stem from our research group's efforts to optimize the design and expand the applications of neural interfaces. The dissertation is organized into four chapters. Chapter 1 is a review of neural interface technology and study of neural signal detection. This chapter provides a foundation for Chapter 2 and 3. Chapter 2 is a study of a neural interface as cellular level research. We present an advanced single-neuronal cell culture and monitoring platform using a fully transparent microfluidic dielectrophoresis (DEP) device for unabated monitoring of neuronal cell development and function. The device is mounted inside a sealed incubation chamber to ensure improved homeostatic conditions and reduced contamination risk. Consequently, we successfully trap and culture single neurons on a desired location and monitor their growth process over a week. Chapter 3 deals with the specific application of PNIs to the sciatic nerve of a rat as a nervous system-level research. We developed novel devices, "cuff and sieve electrodes" (CASE), that integrate microfabricated cuff and sieve electrodes capable of broad (via cuff) and precise (via sieve) selectivity to increase the strengths and simultaneously decrease the weaknesses of traditional electrode designs. We performed terminal device implantations in a rat sciatic transection and repair model to test the capacity of the CASE interface. The sciatic nerve was stimulated by the sieve portion of the CASE electrode and somatosensory evoked potentials were recorded from the somatosensory cortex via micro-eletrocorticography. The ability to elicit cortical responses from sciatic nerve stimulation demonstrates the proof of concept for both the implantation and chronic monitoring of CASE interfaces for innovative prosthetic control. Lastly, in Chapter 4, I will identify areas in which further investigation is needed and propose future directions of both cellular and system-level neural interface.

Neural Engineering

Neural Engineering
A Book

by Bin He

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-12-31
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 0306486105
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reviews and discussions of contemporary and relevant topics by leading investigators, essential for all those wishing to take advantage of the latest and greatest in this emerging field.

Engineering the Interface Between Lipid Bilayers and Inorganic Materials

Engineering the Interface Between Lipid Bilayers and Inorganic Materials
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Stanford University
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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process, a unique methodology to compute the energetics of processes involving the interaction of nanostructured materials with soft matter structures was developed. In addition to these simulations, a physical model of cell deformation was developed to understand the mechanics of cell-device interaction. This was built on principles of continuum mechanics under a few simplifying assumptions. In addition to bringing down the parameter space for device design, this model explained a previously observed non-linear to linear transition in thin shell deformation experiments. Nanoscale `stealth' probed based on biomimetic design principles were fabricated using sophisticated microfabrication techniques. The electrical properties of the device were determined by performing cyclic voltammetry in a buffer solution with electrochemically active species. The formation of a well controlled junction between the post electrode and cell membrane was demonstrated by testing the device with red blood cells. A giga-ohm seal was observed to form spontaneously as the cell was brought close to the post, confirming intracellular access. The formation of giga-ohm seal is critical for patchclamping, a technique used extensively in the pharmaceutical industry. Together, MD simulations and cell deformation model provide a powerful approach to modify the device design depending upon the specific application. When coupled with the sophisticated yet flexible fabrication scheme developed for the device, the next generation of massively parallel and highly efficient interface between cells and electronics can be developed.

Bridging the Gap in Neuroelectronic Interfaces

Bridging the Gap in Neuroelectronic Interfaces
A Book

by Jeffrey R. Capadona,Ulrich G. Hofmann

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-07-09
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889638502
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optical Neural Interfaces

Optical Neural Interfaces
A Book

by Massimo De Vittorio,Ferruccio Pisanello,John A. Assad

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-11-01
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889630803
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Artificial Intelligence for Music

Handbook of Artificial Intelligence for Music
Foundations, Advanced Approaches, and Developments for Creativity

by Eduardo Reck Miranda

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-07-02
  • Pages : 994
  • ISBN : 3030721167
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents comprehensive coverage of the latest advances in research into enabling machines to listen to and compose new music. It includes chapters introducing what we know about human musical intelligence and on how this knowledge can be simulated with AI. The development of interactive musical robots and emerging new approaches to AI-based musical creativity are also introduced, including brain–computer music interfaces, bio-processors and quantum computing. Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology permeates the music industry, from management systems for recording studios to recommendation systems for online commercialization of music through the Internet. Yet whereas AI for online music distribution is well advanced, this book focuses on a largely unexplored application: AI for creating the actual musical content.

The Routledge Research Companion to Electronic Music: Reaching out with Technology

The Routledge Research Companion to Electronic Music: Reaching out with Technology
A Book

by Simon Emmerson

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-05-16
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 131704360X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The theme of this Research Companion is 'connectivity and the global reach of electroacoustic music and sonic arts made with technology'. The possible scope of such a companion in the field of electronic music has changed radically over the last 30 years. The definitions of the field itself are now broader - there is no clear boundary between 'electronic music' and 'sound art'. Also, what was previously an apparently simple divide between 'art' and 'popular' practices is now not easy or helpful to make, and there is a rich cluster of streams of practice with many histories, including world music traditions. This leads in turn to a steady undermining of a primarily Euro-American enterprise in the second half of the twentieth century. Telecommunications technology, most importantly the development of the internet in the final years of the century, has made materials, practices and experiences ubiquitous and apparently universally available - though some contributions to this volume reassert the influence and importance of local cultural practice. Research in this field is now increasingly multi-disciplinary. Technological developments are embedded in practices which may be musical, social, individual and collective. The contributors to this companion embrace technological, scientific, aesthetic, historical and social approaches and a host of hybrids – but, most importantly, they try to show how these join up. Thus the intention has been to allow a wide variety of new practices to have voice – unified through ideas of 'reaching out' and 'connecting together' – and in effect showing that there is emerging a different kind of 'global music'.

Simulation and Synthesis in Medical Imaging

Simulation and Synthesis in Medical Imaging
5th International Workshop, SASHIMI 2020, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2020, Lima, Peru, October 4, 2020, Proceedings

by Ninon Burgos

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 303059520X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cerebral Ischemia and Resuscitation

Cerebral Ischemia and Resuscitation
A Book

by Avital Schurr,Benjamin M. Rigor

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1990-09-24
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 9780849367151
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This fascinating monograph is filled with information formerly found only in periodicals and symposia proceedings. Chapters discuss the different models of cerebral ischemia in use today, including their advantages and disadvantages. This one-of-a-kind resource also contains essential chapters on cellular mechanisms of ion and acid-base homeostases, and energy metabolism of the ischemic brain. It reviews the possible role of lipids, free fatty acids, and free radicals. Four chapters are devoted to neurotransmitters and neuroregulators in cerebral ischemia. This extraordinary work also covers aspects of protection against and resuscitation from cerebral ischemia. An extremely informative volume, this book is an absolute must for every student in the field of cerebral ischemia, as well as the clinician or scientist who is already involved with this worldwide problem.

Acta oto-rhino-laryngologica Belgica

Acta oto-rhino-laryngologica Belgica
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Soft Material-Enabled Electronics for Medicine, Healthcare, and Human-Machine Interfaces

Soft Material-Enabled Electronics for Medicine, Healthcare, and Human-Machine Interfaces
A Book

by Jae-Woong Jeong,Woon-Hong Yeo

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-03-13
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 3039282824
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Soft material-enabled electronics offer distinct advantage, over conventional rigid and bulky devices, for numerous wearable and implantable applications. Soft materials allow for seamless integration with skin and tissues due to enhanced mechanical flexibility and stretchability. Wearable devices, such as sensors, offer continuous, real-time monitoring of biosignals and movements, which can be applied in rehabilitation and diagnostics, among other applications. Soft implantable electronics offer similar functionalities, but with improved compatibility with human tissues. Biodegradable soft implantable electronics are also being developed for transient monitoring, such as in the weeks following surgery. To further advance soft electronics, materials, integration strategies, and fabrication techniques are being developed. This paper reviews recent progress in these areas, toward the development of soft material-enabled electronics for medicine, healthcare, and human-machine interfaces.

Bioelectrochemical Interface Engineering

Bioelectrochemical Interface Engineering
A Book

by R. Navanietha Krishnaraj,Rajesh K. Sani

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-09-02
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 1119538564
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An introduction to the fundamental concepts and rules in bioelectrochemistry and explores latest advancements in the field Bioelectrochemical Interface Engineering offers a guide to this burgeoning interdisciplinary field. The authors—noted experts on the topic—present a detailed explanation of the field’s basic concepts, provide a fundamental understanding of the principle of electrocatalysis, electrochemical activity of the electroactive microorganisms, and mechanisms of electron transfer at electrode-electrolyte interfaces. They also explore the design and development of bioelectrochemical systems. The authors review recent advances in the field including: the development of new bioelectrochemical configurations, new electrode materials, electrode functionalization strategies, and extremophilic electroactive microorganisms. These current developments hold the promise of powering the systems in remote locations such as deep sea and extra-terrestrial space as well as powering implantable energy devices and controlled drug delivery. This important book: • Explores the fundamental concepts and rules in bioelectrochemistry and details the latest advancements • Presents principles of electrocatalysis, electroactive microorganisms, types and mechanisms of electron transfer at electrode-electrolyte interfaces, electron transfer kinetics in bioelectrocatalysis, and more • Covers microbial electrochemical systems and discusses bioelectrosynthesis and biosensors, and bioelectrochemical wastewater treatment • Reviews microbial biosensor, microfluidic and lab-on-chip devices, flexible electronics, and paper and stretchable electrodes Written for researchers, technicians, and students in chemistry, biology, energy and environmental science, Bioelectrochemical Interface Engineering provides a strong foundation to this advanced field by presenting the core concepts, basic principles, and newest advances.

Single Cell Analysis

Single Cell Analysis
A Book

by Tuhin Subhra Santra,Fan-Gang Tseng

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-06-02
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 3036506284
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cells are the most fundamental building block of all living organisms. The investigation of any type of disease mechanism and its progression still remains challenging due to cellular heterogeneity characteristics and physiological state of cells in a given population. The bulk measurement of millions of cells together can provide some general information on cells, but it cannot evolve the cellular heterogeneity and molecular dynamics in a certain cell population. Compared to this bulk or the average measurement of a large number of cells together, single-cell analysis can provide detailed information on each cell, which could assist in developing an understanding of the specific biological context of cells, such as tumor progression or issues around stem cells. Single-cell omics can provide valuable information about functional mutation and a copy number of variations of cells. Information from single-cell investigations can help to produce a better understanding of intracellular interactions and environmental responses of cellular organelles, which can be beneficial for therapeutics development and diagnostics purposes. This Special Issue is inviting articles related to single-cell analysis and its advantages, limitations, and future prospects regarding health benefits.

Interfaces Between Language And Cognition

Interfaces Between Language And Cognition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889191478
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Practical Electrophysiological Methods

Practical Electrophysiological Methods
A Guide for In Vitro Studies in Vertebrate Neurobiology

by Helmut Kettenmann,Rosemarie Grantyn

  • Publisher : Wiley-Liss
  • Release : 1992-11-11
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Designed to enable newcomers to electrophysiology to choose appropriate preparations and techniques for in vitro studies in vertebrate neurobiology. Emphasizes techniques involving the glass micropipette and other recently developed methods, supplementing easy-to-follow instructions with illustrative schemes, examples of original records, photomicrographs, key word listings, comprehensive reference tables and a list of suppliers and key equipment and reagents.

Handbook of Flexible and Stretchable Electronics

Handbook of Flexible and Stretchable Electronics
A Book

by Muhammad M. Hussain,Nazek El-Atab

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-11-11
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 1351623109
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Flexibility and stretchability of electronics are crucial for next generation electronic devices that involve skin contact sensing and therapeutic actuation. This handbook provides a complete entrée to the field, from solid-state physics to materials chemistry, processing, devices, performance, and reliability testing, and integrated systems development. This work shows how microelectronics, signal processing, and wireless communications in the same circuitry are impacting electronics, healthcare, and energy applications. Key Features: • Covers the fundamentals to device applications, including solid-state and mechanics, chemistry, materials science, characterization techniques, and fabrication; • Offers a comprehensive base of knowledge for moving forward in this field, from foundational research to technology development; • Focuses on processing, characterization, and circuits and systems integration for device applications; • Addresses the basic physical properties and mechanics, as well as the nuts and bolts of reliability and performance analysis; • Discusses various technology applications, from printed electronics to logic and memory devices, sensors, actuators, displays, and energy storage and harvesting. This handbook will serve as the one-stop knowledge base for readership who are interested in flexible and stretchable electronics.

Oscillations in Neural Systems

Oscillations in Neural Systems
A Book

by Daniel S. Levine,Vincent R. Brown,Timothy Shirey

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 1999-09
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 1135691908
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the fourth in a series based on conferences sponsored by the Metroplex Institute for Neural Dynamics (MIND), an interdisciplinary organization of Dallas-Fort Worth area neural network professionals in both academia and industry. This topic was chosen as the focus for this special issue because of the increasing interest by neuroscientists and psychologists in both rhythmic and chaotic activity patterns observed in the nervous system. Neither the mathematical structure of neural oscillations nor their functional significance is precisely understood. There are a great many open problems in both the structure and function of neural oscillations, whether rhythmic, chaotic, or a combination of the two, and many of these problems are dealt with in the chapters of this book.