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Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater
Advanced Treatment Technologies

by Ajay Kumar Mishra,Hossain Md Anawar,Nadjib Drouiche

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-01
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 0128146745
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater: Advanced Treatment Technologies describes the state-of-the-art of remediation technologies, such as those involving nanotechnology, filtration devices (e.g. membranes), strategies involving adsorption and precipitation processes, development of new sorbents, nanosorbents, biosorbents, green technology, bio-electrokinetics, degradation of pollutants, advanced oxidative process, oxidative electrochemical and photocatalytic processes, catalytic degradation, and emerging hybrid technologies, such as photocatalyst membrane photoreactors using TiO2. Scientists and researchers in academia and industry will benefit from this comprehensive resource on the fundamental science behind the mechanisms at which wastewater sources can be purified from emerging contaminants. Provides a fundamental understanding of emerging contaminants to help readers select appropriate remediation technologies Discusses, in detail, new and advanced green technologies that remove emerging contaminants from wastewater Shows how to ensure water quality and save public health by protecting water resources from contaminants

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants
A Book

by Barbara Bonelli,Francesca S. Freyria,Ilenia Rossetti,Rajandrea Sethi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-12
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0128184906
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants assesses the role of nanotechnology and nanomaterials in improving both the detection and removal of inorganic and organic contaminants from wastewater that originates from municipal and industrial plants. The book covers how nanotechnology is being used to remove common contaminants, including dyes, chlorinated solvents, nitrites/nitrates, and emerging contaminants, such as pharmaceuticals, personal care products and pesticides. Sections cover nanofiltration, adsorption and remediation. Nanomaterial immobilization recovery is also addressed, along with the quantification of heat/mass transport limitations, sizing aspects and transport phenomena. Finally, regulatory aspects regarding contaminants and nanoparticles in the environment are covered. This book is an important resource for both materials scientists and environmental scientists looking to see how nanotechnology can play a role in making wastewater a less hazardous part of the global ecosystem. Addresses the role of new nanotechnology-based solutions for the detection and removal of common and emerging contaminants Discusses the environmental impact of nanoparticles used in wastewater contaminant detection and removal Explores the major challenges for using nanomaterials to detect and remove contaminants from wastewater

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Waterwater

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Waterwater
Advanced Treatment Technologies

by Ajay Kumar Mishra,Hossain Md. Anawar,Nadjib Drouiche

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation
A Book

by Ravindra Kumar Gautam,Mahesh Chandra Chattopadhyaya

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-08-05
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 1315351129
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contamination of aqueous environments by hazardous chemical compounds is the direct cause of the decline of safe clean water supply throughout the globe. The use of unconventional water sources such as treated wastewater will be a new norm. Emerging nanotechnological innovations have great potential for wastewater remediation processes. Applications that use smart nanomaterials of inorganic and organic origin improve treatment efficiency and lower energy requirements. This book describes the synthesis, fabrication, and application of advanced nanomaterials in water treatment processes; their adsorption, transformation into low toxic forms, or degradation phenomena, and the adsorption and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, heavy metals and metalloids from aqueous solutions. It explains the use of different categories of nanomaterials for various pollutants and enhances understanding of nanotechnology-based water remediation to make it less toxic and reusable.

Nanotechnology in Water and Wastewater Treatment

Nanotechnology in Water and Wastewater Treatment
Theory and Applications

by Amimul Ahsan,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-15
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 012813903X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology in Water and Waste Water Treatment: Theory and Applications explores the unique physicochemical and surface properties of nanoparticles and highlights the advantages they provide for engineering applications. Applications covered include the generation of fresh water from surface water and seawater, the prevention of the contamination of the environment, and the creation of effective and efficient methods for remediation of polluted waters. Each chapter covers a different nanotechnology-based approach and examines the basic principles, practical applications, recent breakthroughs and associated limitations. This book is ideal for researchers and professionals in the fields of nanotechnology, water treatment and desalination. In addition, it is also ideal for postgraduate students, industry and government professionals, managers and policymakers. Gathers together the latest research and developments in the field from journal articles and conference proceedings Discusses and evaluates the most economical and low cost treatment technologies Presents information from related fields on the applicability, strengths and weaknesses of particular nanomaterials in key applications, thus allowing for the continuation and expansion of research in a range of fields

Visible Light Active Structured Photocatalysts for the Removal of Emerging Contaminants

Visible Light Active Structured Photocatalysts for the Removal of Emerging Contaminants
Science and Engineering

by Olga Sacco,Vincenzo Vaiano

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-09-11
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN : 0128183357
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Visible Light Active Structured Photocatalysts for the Removal of Emerging Contaminants: Science and Engineering addresses the potential role of visible active photocatalytic processes for the removal of emerging contaminants. The book discusses the classification, sources and potential risks of emerging pollutants in water as well as the different synthesis methods of visible active structured photocatalysts with relation to their applications in photocatalytic processes for the removal of organic and inorganic emerging contaminants. Finally, the possible reaction pathways occurring during the visible or solar photocatalytic processes together with toxicity assessment are discussed. The book is a useful guide for academics, researchers and technicians in chemical engineering, chemistry and environmental sciences. Defines emerging contaminants and what can be included in that group of contaminants commonly named "contaminants of emerging concern" Presents different synthesis methods of visible active structured photocatalysts and their applications in solar or visible light photocatalytic systems for the removal of organic and inorganic emerging contaminants Analyzes reaction pathways that occur during the visible or solar photocatalytic processes, also including toxicity assessments

Nanomaterials for the Removal of Pollutants and Resource Reutilization

Nanomaterials for the Removal of Pollutants and Resource Reutilization
A Book

by Xubiao Luo,Fang Deng

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-15
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0128148381
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials for the Removal of Pollutants and Resource Reutilization presents the fundamental principles necessary for the application of nanomaterials in environmental pollution control and resource reutilization, also describing specific novel applications of environmentally functional nanomaterials. In addition to outlining the applications of nanomaterials for pollution control, the book highlights problems and offers solutions. This comprehensive resource will inspire the next generation of nanomaterial designers, providing a state-of-the-art review and exploration of emerging developments. Written by some of the world’s top researchers in smart nanomaterials for environmental applications Shows how to design novel functional nanomaterials for highly specific pollutant control and/or remediation uses Covers a variety of pollution types, including heavy metals, pesticides and other chemical pollutants

Emerging Organic Contaminants and Human Health

Emerging Organic Contaminants and Human Health
A Book

by Damia Barcelo

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2012-04-17
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 364228132X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume provides an overview of the occurrence and fate of emerging contaminants, discusses advanced chemical analysis methods, toxicological and ecotoxicological effects as well as human exposure. One focus is on pharmaceuticals, in particular antibiotics, and the problems associated with their increased use in hospitals. Other covered emerging contaminants occurring e.g. in food, water, air or soil include brominated flame retardants, polar pesticides, phthalates, phosphate esters, perfluorinated compounds, personal care products, musk fragrances, disinfection byproducts, illicit drugs, and nanomaterials. The chapters written by experts are a valuable source of information for a broad audience, such as analytical chemists, environmental chemists and engineers, toxicologists, ecotoxicologists and epidemiologists working already in this field as well as newcomers.

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants
Challenges and Possibilities

by Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,P.K. Mishra,Dhanesh Tiwary

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-12-02
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128185996
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants: Challenges and Possibilities contains both practical and theoretical aspects of environmental management using the processes of photodegradation and various heterogeneous catalysts. The book's main focus is on the degradation of harmful pollutants, such as petrochemicals, crude oils, dyes, xenobiotic pharmaceutical waste, endocrine disrupting compounds, and other common pollutants. Chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects. This book is useful for undergraduate or university students, teachers and researchers, especially those working in areas of photocatalysis through heterogeneous catalysts. The primary audience for this book includes Chemical Engineers, Environmental Engineers and scientists, scholars working on the management of hazardous waste, scientists working in fields of materials science, and Civil Engineers working on wastewater treatment. Reviews recent trends in the photodegradation of organic pollutants Offers a bibliometric analysis of photocatalysis for environmental abatement Includes many degradation mechanisms of organic pollutants using various catalysts Includes examples on the degradation of organic pollutants from various sources, e.g., pharmaceuticals, dyes, pesticides, etc. Discusses the effect of nanocatalysts on soil, plants and the ecosystem

Analysis and Risk of Nanomaterials in Environmental and Food Samples

Analysis and Risk of Nanomaterials in Environmental and Food Samples
A Book

by Damia Barcelo,Marinella Farré

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2012-08-20
  • Pages : 415
  • ISBN : 0444563296
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The application of nanotechnology in different consumer products has delivered new products with highly desirable properties, but at same time has opened a new window for a wide group of emerging contaminants and a new type of human exposure which needs to be assessed. Most of the current human toxicological information on nanomaterials comes from nano-sized particles in air, and their effects via inhalation. Other routes of human exposure, such as water and food, and the effects on human health and the environment have been less studied. It is the recent research in these areas that is highlighted here in one of the first books covering the analysis and ecotoxicological evaluation of nanomaterials in food and the environment, with both matrices being of considerable interest. In addition to providing a global summary of recent research, this book shows how widely used chromatographic and spectroscopic methods can be added to the analytical arsenal of microscopic techniques that have commonly been used to characterize nanomaterials. Describes the analytical techniques used to characterize nanomaterials and their applications in environmental or food samples Includes analysis and ecotoxicological evaluation of nanomaterials in food and environmental matrices Takes a detailed look at the research on emerging fields of human exposure to nanomaterials and their environmental risks

Nanotechnologies for Water Environment Applications

Nanotechnologies for Water Environment Applications
A Book

by Tian C. Zhang,Rao Y. Surampalli,Keith C. K. Lai,Zhiqiang Hu

  • Publisher : Amer Society of Civil Engineers
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 630
  • ISBN : 9780784410301
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnologies, the engine of the next Industrial Revolution, represent the new wave of research for chemical and industrial innovation. However, with any new technology or compound, comes the threat of harm to humans and natural ecosystems. Research into the environmental effects, as well as the ethical, legal, and social implications of nanotechnologies and nanoproducts has never been more important. Nanotechnologies for Water Environment Applications provides the current status of synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials, as well as the environmental effects of nanotechnology. This publication specifically targets the major applications of nanotechnologies in various water environments; issues related to the fate and transport of nanomaterials in aquatic environments; engineered nanomaterials as emerging contaminants in water; the environmental risks, and related management, of nanomaterials. Extensive up-to-date references are provided. This book will be useful to undergraduate and graduate students of engineering, educators, scientists, engineers, government officers, decision makers, process managers, and practicing professionals.

Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle

Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle
Occurrence and Transformation in the Environment

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2007-10-10
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 9780080549705
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called "emerging" contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are constantly being introduced into the environment, mainly as a result of the manufacturing process. Over time, this level of chemical input may lead to long-term concentrations and promote continual, but unnoticed adverse effects on aquatic and terrestrial organisms. Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle discusses state-of-the-art analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples while reviewing the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle (elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment). Focus is given to the newest developments in the treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advance oxidation processes. * Well-structured overview of latest developments in trace determination * Concise and critical compilation of literature published over the past few years * Focuses on new treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advance oxidation processes.

Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment
A Book

by Dr. Arup Roy,Jayanta Bhattacharya

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2015-01-15
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 1780406878
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment is a state of the art reference book. The book is particularly useful for wastewater technology development laboratories and organizations. All professional and academic areas connected with environmental engineering, nanotechnology based wastewater treatment and related product design are incorporated and provide an essentialresource. The book describes the application and synthesis of Ca-based and magnetic nano-materials and their potential application for removal/treatment of heavy metals from wastewater. Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment discusses the rapid wastewater treatment methods using Ca-based nanomaterials and magnetic nanomaterials. This is an emerging area of new science and technology in wastewater treatment. The main audiences for the book are water industry professionals, research scholars and students in the area of Environmental Engineering and Nanotechnology. Authors: Dr. Arup Roy Department of Mining Engineering, Geo-Environmental Lab., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur,India; and Professor Jayanta Bhattacharya, Department of Mining Engineering, Geo-Environmental Lab., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India.

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification
Fundamentals and Applications

by Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-27
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0128219602
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Contaminants of Emerging Environmental Concern

Contaminants of Emerging Environmental Concern
A Book

by Alok Bhandari,Rao Y. Surampalli,Craig D. Adams,Say Kee Ong,Pascale Champagne,R. D. Tyagi

  • Publisher : Amer Society of Civil Engineers
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN : 9780784410141
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume reports on anthropogenic chemicals, a new category of environmental contaminant that is predominantly unregulated and human-made, occurring in air, soil, water, food, and human and animal tissues in trace concentrations.

Emerging Compounds Removal from Wastewater

Emerging Compounds Removal from Wastewater
Natural and Solar Based Treatments

by Giusy Lofrano

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-03-31
  • Pages : 94
  • ISBN : 940073915X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the last years the release of emerging pollutants such as Endocrine Disruptors (EDCs), Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) into the environment has raised great concern. While investigating how to treat emerging pollutants from water and wastewater, researchers have drawn attention on the implementation of more environmentally friendly technologies able to achieve high removal efficiency at low costs. Emerging Compounds Removal from Wastewater by Green Technologies: Natural and Solar Based Treatments introduces green chemistry in relation to these treatment technologies. More specifically, this volume: • Reviews the suitability of alternative adsorption processes that use natural adsorbents natural materials or agricultural waste in light of the inefficiency of conventional wastewater treatment plants; • Evaluates the potential of constructed wetlands for the removal of some categories of trace contaminant of worldwide relevance in view of their application as decentralized systems; • Highlights the promising role of a special class of oxidation techniques defined as Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) supported by sunlight. This volume will be of great interest to students, technicians, and academics alike who are interested in evaluating and selecting the technologies that lead to better and more sustainable treatment of this huge class of pollutants.

Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation

Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation
A Book

by Ravindra Kumar Gautam,Mahesh Chandra Chattopadhyaya

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2016-05-17
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 0128047410
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation introduces techniques for nanoparticle formation and their benefits in environmental cleanup, as well as their recent advances and applications in wastewater treatment. The book follows a sequential approach for the treatment of wastewater, presenting state-of-the-art techniques for the characterization and measurement of nanomaterials. Nanoparticles represent a promising new technology for wastewater remediation, not only because of their high treatment efficiency, but also for their cost effectiveness, as they have the flexibility for in situ and ex situ applications. New methods for developing nanomaterials with less environmental risk are described. Nanomaterials such as magnetic nanoparticles and graphene-based nanocomposites are discussed in detail. Also includes in-depth analyses of the ecotoxicological impacts of nanomaterials and the latest findings on the transport and fate of nanomaterials in the environment. Covers methods for the characterization of nanomaterials using advanced instrumental techniques Includes innovative methods for developing new nanomaterials while lessening their environmental risk Provides the latest methods for determining the transport and fate of nanomaterials in the environment Discusses in detail nanomaterials such as magnetic nanoparticles and graphene-based nanocomposites

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-01-09
  • Pages : 4252
  • ISBN : 0128131969
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Emerging Pollutants

Emerging Pollutants
Origin, Structure, and Properties

by Francisco G. Calvo-Flores,Joaquin Isac-Garcia,José A. Dobado Jiménez,Jose A. Dobado

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-03-05
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 3527338764
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An excellent, concise, and interdisciplinary overview of different classes of emerging pollutants arising, for example, from pharmaceuticals, pesticides, personal care products, and industrial chemicals and their impact on water, soil, and air. Following an introduction to chemical pollutants, with special attention focused on organic compounds and their properties, the book goes on to describe major emerging pollutants grouped according to their applications in different sectors of industrial or economic activity. For each type of compound, the chemical structure, main properties, and source are presented, along with their fate in the environment as pollutants, the latest analytical methods for detection, possible health or ecology consequences, as well as current regulatory laws. New developments, such as nanotechnology as a pollution source, are also included. The book closes with a chapter devoted to conclusions and future perspectives.

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes
Environmental Occurrence and Treatment Technologies

by Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-04-07
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 3030404226
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume summarizes and updates information about antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance (AMR)/antibiotic resistant genes (ARG) production, including their entry routes in soil, air, water and sediment, their use in hospital and associated waste, global and temporal trends in use and spread of antibiotics, AMR and ARG. Antimicrobial/antibiotic resistance genes due to manure and agricultural waste applications, bioavailability, biomonitoring, and their Epidemiological, ecological and public health effects. The book addresses the antibiotic and AMR/ARG risk assessment and treatment technologies, for managing antibiotics and AMR/ARG impacted environments The book's expert contributions span 20 chapters, and offer a comprehensive framework for better understanding and analyzing the environmental and social impacts of antibiotics and AMR/ARGs. Readers will have access to recent and updated models regarding the interpretation of antibiotics and AMR/ARGs in environment and biomonitoring studies, and will learn about the management options require to appropriately mitigate environmental contaminants and pollution. The book will be of interest to students, teachers, researchers, policy makers and environmental organizations.