Download Enhancing Disaster Preparedness Ebook PDF

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness
From Humanitarian Architecture to Community Resilience

by A. Nuno Martins,Mahmood Fayazi,Faten Kikano,Liliane Hobeica

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-10-07
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 0128190795
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness: From Humanitarian Architecture to Community Resilience relates to the fourth priority of the UNDRR’s Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. Taking a wide understanding of disaster preparedness, the book deals with resilient responses and building capacities related to hazardous events, bringing some practical experiences and theoretical insights in this regard. Mostly based on field research conducted in the Global South by architects and other built-environment professionals, the book covers both post-disaster interventions (rebuilding and recovery) and development-related processes. Its three parts address the interlinkages between humanitarian design, community resilience, and inclusive governance, which are crucial for fostering effective disaster preparedness. Part I discusses the changing roles of architects and urban designers involved in the humanitarian sphere. Part II concentrates on resilience as a socioecological capacity to enhance preparedness within community-based spatial processes. Focused on global dynamics, Part III covers topics emphasizing the link between the management of crises, whether political or economic, at different levels of governance, and the vulnerability of communities and structures on the national and local scales. As such, the book approaches rising global priorities and brings timely lessons to support building a more equitable, safe, and resilient environment in a rapidly urbanized world. Explores Sendai’s fourth priority through a spatial lens Examines the role of humanitarian design in building resilience Critically revisits concepts such as incremental housing and building back better Provides examples of methodological tools for community engagement in resilience-building processes

Enhancing Disaster and Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Through Evaluation

Enhancing Disaster and Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Through Evaluation
New Directions for Evaluation, |

by Liesel Ashley Ritchie,Wayne MacDonald

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2010-07-13
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN : 0470769122
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Summary of a Workshop on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management

Summary of a Workshop on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management
A Book

by National Research Council,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2005-11-03
  • Pages : 39
  • ISBN : 0309100372
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Section 214 of the E-government Act of 2002 called on the Administrator of the Office of Electronic Government in the Office of Management and Budget, in consultation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), to "ensure that a study is conducted on using information technology to enhance crisis preparedness, response, and consequence management of natural and manmade disasters." The section cited as a goal "to improve how information technology is used in coordinating and facilitating information on disaster preparedness, response, and recovery, while ensuring the availability of such information across multiple access channels." In early 2005, FEMA, via a subcontract through Battelle Memorial Institute, asked the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) of the National Research Council (NRC) to undertake a two-phase study on these issues. Summary of a Workshop on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management culminates phase 1 of the project. CSTB established the Committee on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management, and a public workshop was held under the committee's auspices on June 22-23, 2005. The committee's goal for the workshop was to establish a base of information for its study by hearing about present and future uses of IT from the perspective of federal, state, and local disaster management officials and users together with a sampling of relevant IT research and development activities. A variety of representatives of federal, state, and local government agencies, private industry, and the research community participated. Panelists at the workshop presented a range of views on the present state of the art and practice and future opportunities to harness information technology to aid in the management of natural and human-made disasters. This report summarizes some of the key points made by workshop participants. This report also contains the workshop agenda and includes biographical information for committee members and staff. In phase 2 of its study, the committee will supplement the inputs received at the workshop with information gathered at several site visits and a series of additional briefings. Phase 2 will culminate in a final report, expected in spring 2006, which provides findings and recommendations on requirements for effective use of information technology for disaster management, research and development needs and opportunities, and related research management and technology transition considerations.

Emerging Technologies for Disaster Resilience

Emerging Technologies for Disaster Resilience
Practical Cases and Theories

by Mihoko Sakurai,Rajib Shaw

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-05-06
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 981160360X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Technological advances have helped to enhance disaster resilience through better risk reduction, response, mitigation, rehabilitation and reconstruction. In former times, it was local and traditional knowledge that was mainly relied upon for disaster risk reduction. Much of this local knowledge is still valid in today’s world, even though possibly in different forms and contexts, and local knowledge remains a shared part of life within the communities. In contrast, with the advent of science and technology, scientists and engineers have become owners of advanced technologies, which have contributed significantly to reducing disaster risks across the globe. This book analyses emerging technologies and their effects in enhancing disaster resilience. It also evaluates the gaps, challenges, capacities required and the way forward for future disaster management. A wide variety of technologies are addressed, focusing specifically on new technologies such as cyber physical systems, geotechnology, drone, and virtual reality (VR)/ augmented reality (AR). Other sets of emerging advanced technologies including an early warning system and a decision support system are also reported on. Moreover, the book provides a variety of discussions regarding information management, communication, and community resilience at the time of a disaster. This book’s coverage of different aspects of new technologies makes it a valuable resource for students, researchers, academics, policymakers, and development practitioners.

An Inclusive Approach for Enhancing Disaster Risk Reduction

An Inclusive Approach for Enhancing Disaster Risk Reduction
An Investigation Into Developing Effective and Suitable DRR Strategies for Local Communities Throughout New Zealand

by Joshua Hawkins

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a framework that aims to minimise the threat, occurrence or impacts of disaster events at the local level (i.e. the community). DRR aims to reduce these factors in three ways: directly influencing the hazard, decreasing the exposure of people and assets to hazards, and enhancing the capacities of the local community which aid the ability to cope in response to a disaster. Capacities are knowledge-sets, skills and resources of individuals that can be used to respond to impacts from a hazard event. Present-day DRR is typically reliant on a top-down approach. A top-down approach includes external intervention where capacities are provided. This emphasises structural solutions to local problems, creating and reinforcing the notion that people affected by disasters are ‘victims’. As a result, outside actors such as scientists, governments and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) justify their intervention through emergency management activities. Although a top-down approach has its benefits, DRR should focus on building a bottom-up approach that utilises local capacities and resources. This is because disasters are a local issue, therefore only the community themselves fully understand the opportunities and risks associated with a hazard event. Local capacities and resources can then be further enhanced by the inclusion of top-down capacities and resources. Gaillard and Mercer (2012) suggest that the inclusion of both top-down and bottom-up approaches is one way towards enhancing local DRR. Participation of the local community in developing DRR is essential to achieve an inclusive approach to DRR that utilises both top-down and bottom-up actors. Gaventa and Cornwall (2006) highlight that knowledge, action and consciousness are required to achieve participation. These components are interlinked and essential towards achieving participation. If one of these components are not present, then the participation of a stakeholder may be compromised. This investigation focusses on a case study in New Zealand. New Zealand’s DRR policies rely upon the Civil Defence Emergency Management to work with communities in their region, in guiding them through the planning process. Therefore, New Zealand is an example of where local DRR may be enhanced by including top-down and bottom-up stakeholders in the planning process. One example of a bottom-up stakeholder in New Zealand communities are Marae. If utilised in the DRR planning process, Marae could provide a unique range of benefits to the current state of local DRR.

Exploring Natural Hazards

Exploring Natural Hazards
A Case Study Approach

by Darius Bartlett,Ramesh Singh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-04-09
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 1351681230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 has identified four priority areas for Disaster Risk Reduction: understanding disaster risk; strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk; investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response; and to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Although tremendous progress has been made in recent decades in understanding the workings of the Earth systems and, in particular, its impacts on and responses to human actions, there remains a continuing and pressing need for knowledge that will allow society to simultaneously reduce exposure to global environmental hazards, while also meeting economic development goals. Exploring Natural Hazards: A Case Study Approach, contributes to the knowledge showcasing advanced practices for the monitoring of natural hazards. Through each case study, the book examines mainly hazards arising from processes within the hydrosphere and atmosphere, triggered or exacerbated by inputs to and transfers of energy between environmental components. It discusses the causes of these phenomena, and ways in which improved policy making, sometimes coupled with the application of appropriate modern technologies, can help to reduce people’s exposure to harm. Discussing challenges, lessons learned and recommendations, this book provides a snapshot of issues related to tropical cyclones and typhoons, desertification, floods, lightning as a hazard and the need for alert systems. It is a valuable resource for practitioners and professionals alike, for researchers, students and others who work at the intersection between environmental hazards, sustainable development and social justice.

Improving Disaster Management

Improving Disaster Management
The Role of IT in Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2007-06-01
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 0309103967
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Information technology (IT) has the potential to play a critical role in managing natural and human-made disasters. Damage to communications infrastructure, along with other communications problems exacerbated the difficulties in carrying out response and recovery efforts following Hurricane Katrina. To assist government planning in this area, the Congress, in the E-government Act of 2002, directed the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to request the NRC to conduct a study on the application of IT to disaster management. This report characterizes disaster management providing a framework for considering the range and nature of information and communication needs; presents a vision of the potential for IT to improve disaster management; provides an analysis of structural, organizational, and other non-technical barriers to the acquisition, adoption, and effective use of IT in disaster; and offers an outline of a research program aimed at strengthening IT-enabled capabilities for disaster management.

Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience

Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience
Design, Methods and Knowledge in the Face of Climate Change

by A. Nuno Martins,Gonzalo Lizarralde,Temitope Egbelakin,Liliane Hobeica,Jose Manuel Mendes,Adib Hobeica

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2022-04-11
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128186399
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Disaster prevention and the mitigation of climate change effects call for global action. Joint efforts are required among countries, economic sectors, and public and private stakeholders. Not surprisingly, international organizations, such as the United Nations agencies, propose policy frameworks aimed at worldwide influence. The 2015-2030 Sendai Framework seeks to create consensus about the need to act for disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation. A key goal is to promote investments in risk reduction and resilience. But how useful is this policy framework? What does it say, and what does it overlook? How can it be implemented among vulnerable communities, in historic sites, and in other sensitive locations affected by disasters? In this book, prominent scholars and practitioners examine the successes and failures of the Sendai Framework. Their case studies show that, despite its good intentions, the Framework achieves very little. The main reason is that, while avoiding a political engagement, it fails to deal with disasters' root causes and guide the difficult path of effective implementation.?The authors bring a fresh look to international policy and design practices, highlighting cross-disciplinary research avenues, and ideas and methods for low-income communities, cities and heritage sites in Portugal, Haiti, the United States, the Philippines, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, among other countries. Global action requires collaboration between heterogeneous stakeholders, but also the recognition of inequalities, power imbalances, and social and environmental injustices. Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030 Addresses ways to increase resilience in humanitarian crises after disasters Provides considerations for resilience of cultural landscapes and heritages Presents methodologies dealing with risk uncertainty, ambiguity, and complexity

Health Emergency Preparedness and Response

Health Emergency Preparedness and Response
A Book

by Andy Wapling,Chloe Sellwood

  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 2016-08-22
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 1780644558
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Intensely practical and down to earth, this timely new text covers the breadth of health emergency preparedness, resilience and response topics in the context of inter-disciplinary and whole society responses to a range of threats. It includes public, private and third sector roles in preparation for and in response to natural and man-made events, such as: major incident planning; infectious disease epidemics and pandemics; natural disasters; terrorist threats; and business and service continuity management. The book builds upon the basics of risk assessment and writing an emergency plan, and then covers inter-agency working, command and control, communication, personal impact and business continuity as well as training, exercises and post-incident follow up. Detailing the full emergency preparedness and civil protection planning cycle, the book is illustrated throughout with real-life examples and case studies from global experts in the field for countries with both advanced and developing healthcare systems. This practical handbook covering the essential aspects of major incident and disaster management is ideal for undergraduate and master's students in emergency management and public health, as well as for practitioners in emergency preparedness and civil protection. It will be valuable to all health practitioners from ambulance, hospital, primary and community care, mental health and public health backgrounds.

Disaster Management and Human Health Risk VII

Disaster Management and Human Health Risk VII
Reducing Risk, Improving Outcomes

by G. Passerini,F. Garzia,M. Lombardi

  • Publisher : WIT Press
  • Release : 2022-01-18
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 1784664456
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Research presented at the 7th International Conference on Disaster Management and Human Health: Reducing Risk, Improving Outcomes is contained in this volume. These contributions from academics and experts focus on public health, security and disaster management with the goal to assess the potential risk from various types of disaster and highlight ways to prevent or alleviate any damage. There is a need for academia and practitioners to exchange knowledge and experience on the way to handle the increasing risk of natural and human-made disasters. Recent major earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, floods and other natural phenomena have resulted in huge losses in terms of human life and property destruction. A new range of human-made disasters have afflicted humanity in modern times; terrorist activities have been added to more classical disasters such as those due to the failure of industrial installations for instance. It is important to understand the nature of these global risks to be able to develop strategies to prepare for these events and plan effective responses in terms of disaster management and the associated human health impacts. The papers included in this volume cover such topics as Disaster analysis; Disaster monitoring and mitigation; Emergency preparedness; Risk mitigation; Security decision making; Community recovery and resilience; Socio-economic issues; Public health risk; Disaster psychology; Human factors; Multi-hazard risk assessment; Crisis and communication; Learning from disasters; Terrorism and man-made disasters; Business and service continuity; Disaster risk reduction (DRR); New technologies and tools for disaster evaluation; Disaster governance policies; Environmental issues; Recovery and restoration; Disaster modelling; Surveillance and remote sensing; Disaster response.

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia
Potentials and Challenges

by Rajib Shaw,Koichi Shiwaku,Takako Izumi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-10-13
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN : 0128127120
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and Challenges provides both a local and global perspective on how to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Topics demonstrate the advancement of scientific research as it applies to early warning systems, including identifying risk and the strengthening of infrastructure for different types of hazards. Through different major disasters, it has become evident that there must be a balance between hard and soft technology and physical, process and social solutions. This book demonstrates how this has been successfully implemented in Asia, and how these applications can apply on a global basis. Covers new research on the role of science in Disaster Risk Reduction and lessons learned when research has been applied Utilizes case studies to outline the broader lessons learned Focuses on the Sendai Framework, which was adopted in the Third UN World Conference in 2015

Disaster Resilience of Education Systems

Disaster Resilience of Education Systems
Experiences from Japan

by Koichi Shiwaku,Aiko Sakurai,Rajib Shaw

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-06-02
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 4431559825
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Education is regarded as a cross-cutting issue for disaster risk reduction (DRR) through reviewing the Sendai Framework for DRR (SFDRR) 2015–2030. Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in the education sector is one of the important efforts to enhance resilience in a community. DRR in the education sector not only focuses on provision of disaster education, but also includes securing a safe school environment, developing school disaster management plans, and building the capacity of school teachers and local educational officers. Japan, with its wealth of experience in DRR, has developed a good resilient system in its education sector, which has been tested and revised through experiences of past disasters. This book reviews the evolution of DRR in the education sector in Japan, including some of the recent developments after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, focusing on DRR governance and practices in national policies, curriculum development and teacher training, community linkage, and international cooperation, to enhance resilience in the education sector. The primary target groups for this book are students and researchers in the fields of disaster management and DRR studies. Another target group comprises practitioners and policy makers, who will be able to apply the collective knowledge from this work to policy and decision making. The book provides an overview of the current research trends and furnishes basic knowledge on this important topic.

Disaster Nursing and Emergency Preparedness

Disaster Nursing and Emergency Preparedness
A Book

by Tener Goodwin Veenema, PhD, MPH, MS, CPNP, FAAN

  • Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
  • Release : 2018-07-28
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 0826144225
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

“What a wonderful resource!"--Doody's Medical Reviews “The 4th Edition is unique in recognizing the rapid changes in both the causes of crises and the latest attempts to provide timely multidisciplinary approaches to the practice of this growing specialty...Evident throughout this edition is the call to identify crisis leadership among the increasingly talented base of nurses who have responsibility to move the profession to recognize and accept that they can be advocates for better planning, coordination, education and training.” - Frederick M. Burkle, Jr., MD, MPH, DTM, PhD(Hon.), FAAP, FACEP Senior Fellow & Scientist, Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard University & T.C. Chan School of Public Health From the Foreword “This impressive edition builds upon the solid foundation of the first three award-winning editions with an expanded focus on climate change related disasters, globalization and its implications for emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, the accommodation of high-risk, high-vulnerability populations, and the potential for disaster arising from a world witnessing increasing community violence and civil unrest.” -Patricia M. Davidson, PhD, MED, RN, FAAN Professor & Dean, Johns Hopkins School of Nursing From the Foreword “The contributing authors read like a “Who’s Who” of disaster leaders. They lend their special expertise and insights, which are supported and elucidated by cogent learning strategies in the use of case studies, student questions, and packed content in all areas of disaster participation, preparedness, policies, and research. For over 16 years [this book] has been the hallmark text in its field and this edition proves to be the best ever.” -Loretta C. Ford, RN, PNP, EdD Dean Emeritus, University of Rochester School of Nursing Founder of the National Nurse Practitioner Program Member, National Women’s Hall of Fame Featuring the most current, valid, and reliable evidence-based content available, this three-time AJN winner once again presents an unparalleled resource for disaster and emergency preparedness. Disasters lay heavy burdens upon healthcare systems that stretch all levels of society. While natural and man-made disasters are not new, the global nature, rate, type, and totality of their impact has only increased. The fourth edition of this foundational text uniquely addresses the rapid changes in these crises and analyzes the latest attempts to provide timely, multidisciplinary healthcare. Nurses consistently comprise seventy or more percent of responders to local, national, regional, and global crises, and represent a potentially untapped resource to achieve surge capacity goals and optimize population health outcomes. Considering recent world events and increasing geopolitical tensions, Disaster Nursing and Emergency Preparedness, Fourth Edition now features expanded content on the ubiquitous threat of terrorism, potential detonation of thermonuclear weapons, emerging and reemerging infectious diseases, and increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters from climate change. This text promotes competency-based expert nursing care during disasters and positive health outcomes for small and large populations consistent with the Federal Disaster Response Framework. Whenever possible, content is mapped to published core competencies for preparing health professions’ students for response to terrorism, disaster events, and public health emergencies. The fourth edition retains the clearly organized format in each chapter that includes an overview, learning objectives, a summary, and case study with reflective questions. New to the Fourth Edition: Addresses the most recent landmark agreements Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, and the Paris Climate Agreement Covers public health emergencies involving community violence and civil unrest Expands coverage of planning for and accommodating high-risk, high-vulnerability populations Aligns with the U.S. National Health Security Strategy and the National Planning Frameworks Provides focused content on medical countermeasures Includes an improved instructor package with guide, PowerPoint slides, and case studies with questions for reflection in every chapter

Disaster Preparedness

Disaster Preparedness
Report to the Congress. -

by United States. Office of Emergency Preparedness

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Disaster Preparedness for Seniors

Disaster Preparedness for Seniors
A Comprehensive Guide for Healthcare Professionals

by Charles A. Cefalu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-08-21
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN : 1493906658
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Disaster Preparedness for Seniors: A Comprehensive Guide for Healthcare Professionals outlines specific disaster scenarios for homebound, community, hospitalized, long term care, homeless and aged veterans. Chapters are written by a diverse group of authors, all of whom offer insight and expertise in training healthcare professionals in preparing for disasters. Topics include myths and realities of natural disasters and disaster preparedness for special populations of elders-the acute care elderly, the community-dwelling elderly, home based primary care senior veterans, the immune-compromised elderly, those with multiple and co morbid illnesses, the long-term care elderly, those elderly at the end of life and the effects of disaster on caregivers. A significant portion of the book is also devoted to training, competencies, literacy, cultural competency and resilience in disaster preparedness as well as the role of the academic medical center. The volume concludes with coverage of the management of behavioral, medical and psychological consequences of disasters. Disaster Preparedness for Seniors: A Comprehensive Guide for Healthcare Professionals is an important new volume and will serve as a guide for the development of programs, policies and procedures for evacuation of seniors during various disaster scenarios.

Private-Public Sector Collaboration to Enhance Community Disaster Resilience

Private-Public Sector Collaboration to Enhance Community Disaster Resilience
A Workshop Report

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Geographical Science Committee,Committee on Private-Public Sector Collaboration to Enhance Community Disaster Resilience

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2010-03-23
  • Pages : 86
  • ISBN : 0309151066
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 (9/11) on the United States prompted a rethinking of how the United States prepares for disasters. Federal policy documents written since 9/11 have stressed that the private and public sectors share equal responsibility for the security of the nation's critical infrastructure and key assets. Private sector entities have a role in the safety, security, and resilience of the communities in which they operate. Incentivizing the private sector to expend resources on community efforts remains challenging. Disasters in the United States since 9/11 (e.g., Hurricane Katrina in 2005) indicate that the nation has not yet been successful in making its communities resilient to disaster. In this book, the National Research Council assesses the current states of the art and practice in private-public sector collaboration dedicated to strengthening community disaster resilience.

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita federal actions could enhance preparedness of certain stateadministered federal support programs : report

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita federal actions could enhance preparedness of certain stateadministered federal support programs : report
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9781422324806
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Improving Disaster Management

Improving Disaster Management
The Role of IT in Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2007-05-01
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 9780309164481
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Information technology (IT) has the potential to play a critical role in managing natural and human-made disasters. Damage to communications infrastructure, along with other communications problems exacerbated the difficulties in carrying out response and recovery efforts following Hurricane Katrina. To assist government planning in this area, the Congress, in the E-government Act of 2002, directed the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to request the NRC to conduct a study on the application of IT to disaster management. This report characterizes disaster management providing a framework for considering the range and nature of information and communication needs; presents a vision of the potential for IT to improve disaster management; provides an analysis of structural, organizational, and other non-technical barriers to the acquisition, adoption, and effective use of IT in disaster; and offers an outline of a research program aimed at strengthening IT-enabled capabilities for disaster management.

GI for Disaster Management

GI for Disaster Management
A Book

by Orhan Altan,Tullio Joseph Tanzi,Madhu Chandra,Filiz Sunar,Lena Halounová

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 9783039368259
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Each year, disasters such as storms, floods, fires, volcanoes, earthquakes, and epidemics cause thousands of casualties and tremendous damage to property around the world, displacing tens of thousands of people from their homes and destroying their livelihoods. The majority of these casualties and property loss could be prevented if better information were available regarding the onset and course of such disasters. Several remote sensing technologies, such as meteorological and Earth observation satellites, communication satellites, and satellite-based positioning, supported by geoinformation technologies, offer the potential to contribute to improved prediction and monitoring of potential hazards, risk mitigation, and disaster management which, in turn, would lead to sharp reductions in losses to life and property. This book explores most of the scientific issues related to spatially supported disaster management and its integration with geographical information system technologies in different disaster examples and scales. Dealing with disasters over space and time represents a long-lasting theme, now approached by means of innovative techniques and modelling approaches. Several priorities for actions are outlined toward preventing new and reduce existing disaster risks, including understanding disaster risk, strengthening disaster risk governance for management of disaster risk, investing in disaster reduction for resilience, and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response. This book presents ideas to address the challenges facing different components of spatial patterns related to ecological processes, and the published articles extended versions of selected presentations from the Gi4DM Conference in 2019 in Prague.

Introduction to International Disaster Management

Introduction to International Disaster Management
A Book

by Damon P. Coppola

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2020-09-16
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN : 012817059X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Introduction to International Disaster Management, Fourth Edition, offers an unbiased, global perspective for students and practitioners alike. It provides a comprehensive understanding of the disaster management profession, covering the varied sources of risk and vulnerability, the systems that exist to manage hazard risk, and the many different stakeholders involved, from individuals to global organizations. This text also serves as a reference on scores of disaster management topics, including various technological and intentional hazards, on international disaster management structures and systems, on global humanitarian spending and support, and much more. Taking a real-world approach with considerable illustration through case studies and recent and historical disaster events, this book prepares students interested in joining the disaster management community to understand the work they will be doing. In addition, it assists those who already work with the disaster management community by helping them better navigate this complex environment. Includes sections on the Ebola epidemic, the Nepal Earthquake, the 2015/2016 Western U.S. Wildfires, the Indonesia Palm Oil Fires, Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria, the Mexico City Earthquake, emerging hazards like trash avalanches, and more Provides a valuable introduction on the groundbreaking Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030) signed in March of 2015, along with an explanation of the relationship of this effort to Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement Explores the importance of global disaster risk reduction Covers key terms and chapter summaries, as well as instructor resources, support learning and instruction