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Environmental and Health Issues in Unconventional Oil and Gas Development

Environmental and Health Issues in Unconventional Oil and Gas Development
A Book

by Debra A Kaden,Tracie L. Rose

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-12-07
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 0128041250
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental and Health Issues in Unconventional Oil and Gas Development offers a series of authoritative perspectives from varied viewpoints on key issues relevant in the use of directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing, providing a timely presentation of requisite information on the implications of these technologies for those connected to unconventional oil and shale gas development. Utilizing expertise from a range of contributors in academia, non-governmental organizations, and the oil and gas industry, Environmental and Health Issues in Unconventional Oil and Gas Development is an essential resource for academics and professionals in the oil and gas, environmental, and health and safety industries as well as for policy makers. Offers a multi-disciplinary appreciation of the environmental and health issues related to unconventional oil and shale gas development Serves as a collective resource for academics and professionals in the oil and gas, environmental, health, and safety industries, as well as environmental scientists and policymakers Features a diverse and expert group of chapter authors from academia, non-governmental organizations, governmental agencies, and the oil and gas industry

Unconventional Oil and Gas Development

Unconventional Oil and Gas Development
Environmental and Public Health Requirements, Risks and Size of Shale Resources

by Margaret Jackson

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2013-01-01
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9781624174391
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New applications of horizontal drilling techniques and hydraulic fracturing, in which water, sand, and chemical additives are injected under high pressure to create and maintain fractures in underground formations, allow oil and natural gas from shale formations to be developed. As exploration and development of shale oil and gas have increased, including in areas of the country without a history of oil and natural gas development, questions have been raised about the estimates of the size of these resources, as well as the processes used to extract them. This book examines the environmental and public health requirements, risks, and size of shale resources of unconventional oil and gas development.

Unconventional Oil and Gas Development

Unconventional Oil and Gas Development
Key Environmental and Public Health Requirements: Report to Congressional Requesters.

by U.s. Government Accountability Office

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2017-08-04
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 9781974184941
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Technological improvements haveallowed the extraction of oil and naturalgas from onshore unconventionalreservoirs such as shale, tightsandstone, and coalbed methaneformations. Specifically, advances inhorizontal drilling techniques combinedwith hydraulic fracturing (pumpingwater, sand, and chemicals into wellsto fracture underground rockformations and allow oil or gas to flow)have increased domestic developmentof oil and natural gas from theseunconventional reservoirs. Theincrease in such development hasraised concerns about potentialenvironmental and public health effectsand whether existing federal and stateenvironmental and public healthrequirements are adequate.GAO was asked to reviewenvironmental and public healthrequirements for unconventional oiland gas development and (1) describefederal requirements; (2) describestate requirements; (3) describeadditional requirements that apply onfederal lands; and (4) identifychallenges, if any, that federal andstate agencies reported facing inregulating oil and gas developmentfrom unconventional reservoirs. GAOidentified and analyzed federal laws,state laws in six selected states(Colorado, North Dakota, Ohio,Pennsylvania, Texas, and Wyoming),and interviewed federal and stateofficials and representatives fromindustry, environmental, and publichealth organizations.GAO is not making recommendations"

Unconventional Oil and Gas Development

Unconventional Oil and Gas Development
Environmental and Public Health Requirements, Risks and Size of Shale Resources

by Margaret Jackson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 9781624174407
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New applications of horizontal drilling techniques and hydraulic fracturing, in which water, sand, and chemical additives are injected under high pressure to create and maintain fractures in underground formations, allow oil and natural gas from shale formations to be developed. As exploration and development of shale oil and gas have increased, including in areas of the country without a history of oil and natural gas development, questions have been raised about the estimates of the size of these resources, as well as the processes used to extract them. This book examines the environmental and public health requirements, risks, and size of shale resources of unconventional oil and gas development.

An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas

An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas
Resources and Federal Actions

by Congressional Research Congressional Research Service

  • Publisher : CreateSpace
  • Release : 2014-11-21
  • Pages : 30
  • ISBN : 9781505321661
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The United States has seen resurgence in petroleum production, mainly driven by technology improvements-especially hydraulic fracturing and directional drilling-developed for natural gas production from shale formations. Application of these technologies enabled natural gas to be economically produced from shale and other unconventional formations, and contributed to the United States becoming the world's largest natural gas producer in 2009. Use of these technologies has also contributed to the rise in U.S. oil production over the last few years. In 2009, annual oil production increased over 2008, the first annual rise since 1991, and has continued to increase each year since. Between January 2008 and May 2014, U.S. monthly crude oil production rose by 3.2 million barrels per day, with about 85% of the increase coming from shale and related tight oil formations in Texas and North Dakota. Other tight oil plays are also being developed, helping raise the prospect of energy independence, especially for North America. The rapid expansion of tight oil and shale gas extraction using high-volume hydraulic fracturing has raised concerns about its potential environmental and health impacts. These concerns include potential direct impacts to groundwater and surface water quality, water supplies, and air quality. In addition, some have raised concerns about potential long-term and indirect impacts from reliance on fossil fuels and resulting greenhouse gas emissions and influence on broader energy economics. This report focuses mainly on actions related to controlling potential direct impacts. States are the primary regulators of oil and gas production on non-federal lands. State laws and regulations governing oil and gas production have been evolving across the states in response to changes in production practices as producers have expanded into tight oil, shale gas, and other unconventional hydrocarbon formations. However, state rules vary considerably, leading to calls for more federal oversight of unconventional oil and gas extraction activities, and hydraulic fracturing specifically. Although provisions of several federal environmental laws can apply to certain activities related to oil and gas production, proposals to expand federal regulation in this area have been highly controversial. Some advocates of a larger federal role point to a wide range of differences among state regulatory regimes, and argue that a national framework is needed to ensure a consistent minimum level of protection for surface and groundwater resources, and air quality. Others argue against more federal involvement, and point to the long-established state oil and natural gas regulatory programs, regional differences in geology and water resources, and concern over regulatory redundancy. The federal role in regulating oil and gas extraction activities-and hydraulic fracturing, in particular-has been the subject of considerable debate and legislative proposals for several years, but legislation has not been enacted. While congressional debate has continued, the Administration has pursued a number of regulatory initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas development under existing statutory authorities.

Environmental Issues Concerning Hydraulic Fracturing

Environmental Issues Concerning Hydraulic Fracturing
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-10-30
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 0128128038
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental Issues Concerning Hydraulic Fracturing, Volume One captures the state-of-the-art research currently used to evaluate the potential impact of unconventional gas and oil gas extraction processes. Topics in this comprehensive guide on the topic include chapters on The Human Health Implications of Unconventional Oil and Gas Development, The use of Noble Gas Analysis and other Forensic Techniques in Characterizing Contamination Pathways Associated with Oil and Gas Development, Well Integrity, Contamination Mechanisms and Groundwater Impacts Associated with Unconventional Oil and Gas Development, and Advances in Fracturing and Well Construction: Improving Efficiency and Reducing Risks. This serial explores a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies used to study the potential environmental impact and various processes in the massive industrial process of shale exploration and resource extraction. Covers a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies Includes contributions from an International board of authors Provides a comprehensive set of reviews, covering the potential impact of unconventional gas and oil gas extraction processes

The Human and Environmental Impact of Fracking: How Fracturing Shale for Gas Affects Us and Our World

The Human and Environmental Impact of Fracking: How Fracturing Shale for Gas Affects Us and Our World
How Fracturing Shale for Gas Affects Us and Our World

by Madelon L. Finkel Ph.D.

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2015-03-24
  • Pages : 237
  • ISBN : 1440832609
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fracking for gas trapped in shale could be a game changer in the quest to find alternatives to dirty fossil fuels, but it also has potential for harm. This book provides "one-stop shopping" for everyone who wants to know more about the issues. • Offers a comprehensive, impartial understanding of unconventional natural gas development from many different perspectives by experts in the field • Draws from the findings of the most up-to-date research and discusses areas where scientific findings are yet unclear • Addresses fracking's potential effects on humans, animals, and environmental factors including air quality, water quality, and climate change • Explains the economic, legal, regulatory, and ethical issues surrounding fracking • Examines social and community issues and the industry perspective

Acidizing Oil Wells, a Sister-Technology to Hydraulic Fracturing: Risks, Chemicals, and Regulations

Acidizing Oil Wells, a Sister-Technology to Hydraulic Fracturing: Risks, Chemicals, and Regulations
A Book

by Khadeeja Abdullah

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The United States has seen resurgence in petroleum production, mainly driven by technology improvements in unconventional oil and gas stimulation from shale formations. Hydraulic fracturing, one of the unconventional oil and gas stimulation technologies, has caught a lot of public attention that has led to more research on it and its impacts as well increased debate over more regulatory oversight. Other unconventional oil stimulation techniques have more or less been left out of the discussion. One of these less frequently discussed techniques is acidizing. Acidizing is a term used for all types of acid use that increase or keep up well productivity or injectivity. The use of these unconventional stimulation techniques has greatly increased over the past decade. The expansion of tight oil and shale gas extraction using unconventional oil stimulation has raised concerns about its potential environmental and health impacts. These concerns include potential direct impacts to groundwater and surface water quality, water supplies, and air quality. Much attention has been on the impacts of hydraulic fracturing with little to no attention on acidizing. This research looks at the acidizing process and for the first time defines what the chemicals of acidization are, in what amount they are used, and what their toxicity is. The analysis of the present data shows there have been over 600 instances of acidizing in urbanized Southern and Central California from April 2013 to August 2015. Although most of the chemicals of acidizing are similar to hydraulic fracturing, those used most frequently are different. There are close to 200 specific chemicals used in acidization, with at least 28 of them being F-graded hazardous chemicals, which are known carcinogens, mutagens, reproductive toxins, developmental toxins, endocrine disruptors, or high acute toxicity chemicals. Some are used frequently in the range of 100 - 1000 kg per treatment, such as hydrofluoric acid, xylene, diethylene glycol and ethyl benzene. Unlike hydraulic fracturing the chemical concentrations in acidizing are high, ranging from 6-18%, and the waste returns can be highly acidic, in the range of pH 0-3. In addition to analyzing the chemicals and their potential impacts this research looks at the legal framework for regulating acidizing activities. Provisions of several federal environmental laws can apply to acidizing activities. The federal role in regulating O&G extraction activities has been the subject of considerable debate and legislative proposals for several years. The Administration has pursued a number of regulatory initiatives related to unconventional O&G development, primarily hydraulic fracturing, under existing statutory authorities. Acidizing, however, has been almost entirely been left out of new proposals. This research sheds light on this topic and suggests areas where acidizing can be better regulated. In addition to looking at the federal laws and state bills in place for regulating acidization, this research specifically looks at a better regulating scheme for stormwater runoff from oil and gas facilities. Contaminated stormwater runoff from oil and gas operations can pose a significant threat to surface waters. The research examines the extent of this threat and recommends more specific permitting requirements and best management practices to protect surface waters. With increasing use of unconventional oil stimulation techniques like acidizing, it is important to understand the technology, the threats caused by them, and how to best protect the public and environment from any potential harm. This dissertation research attempts to shed light on these issues related to acidizing.

Environmental Impacts of Shale Gas Development in China

Environmental Impacts of Shale Gas Development in China
Assessment and Regulation

by Meiyu Guo,Jianliang Wang

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-03-07
  • Pages : 103
  • ISBN : 9811604908
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book features a comprehensive analysis of the development of shale gas resources in China, with a focus on the potential environmental impacts that may result. China has the world’s largest shale gas resources, which it is keen to develop to alleviate air pollution and successfully transition to a low-carbon energy future. However, one significant obstacle standing between the ambition and reality is the potentially serious environmental impacts of shale gas production. This book offers a systematic assessment of these potential impacts, including the risk of water contamination, ecological disruption due to the huge consumption of water and methane leakage. It presents valuable first-hand data collected from the authors’ fieldwork in Sichuan and Chongqing and the latest information on China’s current shale gas operations and also includes a set of models and methods developed to quantify the impacts. It allows readers to gain a deeper understanding of environmental regulatory management systems regarding shale gas production in China by examining whether the existing monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) systems and environmental regulations can effectively prevent adverse impacts from shale gas production. Providing a detailed study of shale gas development in China based on an unprecedented primary dataset, the book is a valuable resource for scholars, engineers and students who are interested in the energy development and environmental risks.

Economics of Unconventional Shale Gas Development

Economics of Unconventional Shale Gas Development
Case Studies and Impacts

by William E. Hefley,Yongsheng Wang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-12-03
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 3319114999
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the economics and related impacts of unconventional shale gas development. While focusing on the Marcellus and Utica Shales in the Mid-Atlantic region, additional insights from other regions are included to provide a broader view of these issues. Shale gas development in recent years has changed the energy discussion in the US, as existing reserves of natural gas coupled with horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing make exploitation of these reserves economically feasible. The importance of natural gas is seen as likely to continue to expand over the coming years, and is expected to increase even further with environmental considerations, such as greenhouse gas emissions. Horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing producing natural gas from deposits such as the Marcellus Shale is making the US a net producer of natural gas. Previous studies have examined the economic impact of exploration and production in the region. Other studies have addressed legal, environmental, biodiversity, and public health impacts of unconventional shale development. This is the first volume to focus solely on the economics and related financial impacts of this development. This book not only fills the research gap, but also provides information that policy makers and the public need to better understand this pressing issue.

Shale Gas and the Future of Energy

Shale Gas and the Future of Energy
Law and Policy for Sustainability

by John C. Dernbach and James R. May,James R. May

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2016-02-26
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 178347615X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The rapid growth of shale gas development has led to an intense and polarizing debate about its merit. This book asks and suggests answers to the question that has not yet been systematically analysed: what laws and policies are needed to ensure that shale gas development helps to accelerate the transition to sustainability? In this groundbreaking book, more than a dozen experts in policy and academia assess the role that sustainability plays in decisions concerning shale gas development in the US and elsewhere, offering legal and policy recommendations for developing shale gas in a manner that accelerates the transition to sustainability. Contributors assess good practices from Pennsylvania to around the planet, discussing how these lessons translate to other jurisdictions. Ultimately, the book concludes that major changes in law and policy are needed to develop shale gas sustainably. Policymakers and educators alike will find this book to be a valuable resource, as it tackles the technical, social, economic and legal aspects associated with this sustainability issue. Other strengths are its clear language and middle-ground policy perspective that will make Shale Gas and the Future of Energy accessible to both students and the general public.

America's Energy Gamble

America's Energy Gamble
People, Economy and Planet

by Shanti Gamper-Rabindran

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2021-12-31
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 1316510743
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rigorous exploration of the Trump administration's pro-fossil fuel policy and its lasting impact on public health, the economy, and the environment.

Environmental Impacts of Shale Gas Extraction in Canada

Environmental Impacts of Shale Gas Extraction in Canada
Expert Panel on Harnessing Science and Technology to Understand the Environmental Impacts of Shale Gas Extraction

by Council of Canadian Academies

  • Publisher : Council of CanadianAcademies
  • Release : 2014-05-01
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 1926558782
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report comes at the request of Environment Canada, which asked the Council to assemble a multidisciplinary expert panel to consider the state of knowledge of potential environmental impacts from the exploration, extraction, and development of Canada’s shale gas resources. The Council’s report presents a comprehensive examination of shale gas development in Canada. It does not, however, determine the safety, nor the economic benefits, of development. It reviews the use of new and conventional technologies in shale gas extraction, and examines several issues of concern including potential impacts on surface water and groundwater, greenhouse gas emissions, cumulative land disturbance, and human health. The report also outlines approaches for monitoring and research, as well as mitigation and management strategies.

Strategic Advances in Environmental Impact Assessment

Strategic Advances in Environmental Impact Assessment
Challenges of Unconventional Shale Gas Extraction

by Afsoon Moatari-kazerouni

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-02-08
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 9781536144338
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shale gas is natural gas that is tightly locked within low permeability sedimentary rock. Recent technological advances are making shale gas reserves increasingly accessible and their recovery more economically feasible. This resource is already being exploited in South Africa, China, the United States and Canada. Shale gas is being produced in large volumes, and will likely be developed in coming years on every continent except Antarctica. Depending on factors such as future natural gas prices and government regulations, further development of shale gas resources could potentially span many decades and involve the drilling of tens of thousands of hydraulically fractured horizontal wells. This development is changing long-held expectations about oil and gas resource availability; several observers have characterized it as a game changer. Abundant, close to major markets, and relatively inexpensive to produce, shale gas represents a major new source of fossil energy. However, the rapid expansion of shale gas development over the past decade has occurred without a corresponding investment in monitoring and research addressing the impacts on the environment, public health, and communities. The primary concerns are the degradation of the quality of groundwater and surface water (including the safe disposal of large volumes of wastewater); the risk of increased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (including fugitive methane emissions during and after production), thus exacerbating anthropogenic climate change; disruptive effects on communities and land; and adverse effects on to human health. Other concerns include the local release of air contaminants and the potential for triggering small- to moderate-sized earthquakes in seismically active areas. These concerns will vary by region. The shale gas regions can be found near urban areas, presenting a large diversity in their geology, hydrology, land uses, and population density. The phrase environmental impacts from shale gas development masks many regional differences that are essential to understanding these impacts.

Water Availability and Management in Mexico

Water Availability and Management in Mexico
A Book

by Elena María Otazo-Sánchez,Amado Enrique Navarro-Frómeta,Vijay P. Singh

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-09-28
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 303024962X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents several complex case studies related to water management and planning in the context of pollution, growing demands, and global climate change in Mexico, but which are also relevant for other countries in Latin America. These concerns are of critical importance for policymakers who are coping with multiple conflicting interests. Water availability in Mexico is polarized, with abundant rainfall and large rivers in the south, and desert-like conditions in the north. The central region, which is the most industrialized, is overpopulated. Mexico City pours millions of cubic meters of “blackwater” into the northern valley daily and receives its clean water from the south. To address these unsustainable conditions, the world's 4th biggest water treatment plant went into operation in 2018. The water infrastructure and governance must satisfy the demands of all sectors, including agricultural, urban, and economic activities. At the same time, water resources are affected by drought, and climate change puts constraints on the supply. As such, regulation and monitoring are important when it comes to adherence to agreed plans and priorities. The book is divided into four sections. 1: Water Availability discusses quantitative aspects, such as supply, methods of calculation, and fracking. 2: Water Quality highlights pollution risks and diagnosis of water resources. 3: Water Allocation examines the sectoral demands and vulnerability due to unsustainable irrigation. 4: Water Governance and Management focuses on laws, urban rules, national parks, planning, and integrated water resources management, among other topics. The chapters include illustrative case studies in Mexico, such as basins, cities, reservoirs, and aquifers, water supply demand assessment, planning, and management.

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes
Membrane Desalination Systems: The Next Generation

by Angelo Basile,Efrem Curcio,Dr. Inamuddin

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-14
  • Pages : 534
  • ISBN : 0128135522
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes: Membrane Desalination Systems: The Next Generation explores recent developments and future perspectives in the area of membrane desalination systems. It includes fundamental principles, the different types of smart nano-structured materials, energy and brine disposal issues, design approaches and the environmental impact of membrane desalination technology. The book provides an extensive review of literature in the area of membranes for desalination systems of low energy consumption and discusses the membrane modelling necessary for desalination system validation in achieving high water recovery, low energy and near-zero liquid discharge. Outlines the use of the potential of salinity gradient power from brines for a low-energy desalination concept Focuses on the development of integrated membrane systems to achieve the goal of near-zero-liquid-discharge Summarizes the latest advancement in the nanosciences for creating membranes with advanced properties and functions

Unconventional: Natural Gas Developmt from Marcellus Shale

Unconventional: Natural Gas Developmt from Marcellus Shale
A Book

by Daniel J. Soeder

  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 0813725275
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"An excellent objective explanation of the history, science, technology, politics, environmental concerns, and economics of the shale gas boom. The author clearly has great practical experience of the science and technology of shale gas development and shows a deep understanding of the environmental and economic issues." --Andrew Stone, Executive Director, American Ground Water Trust New technology has opened vast reserves of "unconventional" natural gas and oil from shales like the Marcellus in the Appalachian Basin, making the United States essentially energy independent for the first time in decades. Shale gas had its origins in the oil embargos and energy crises of the 1970s, which led to government research to increase domestic energy supplies. The first large-scale shale gas production was successful on the Barnett Shale in Texas in the late 1990s, followed a few years later by the Marcellus Shale in Pennsylvania. Shale gas has changed thinking about fossil energy supplies worldwide, but the development of these resources has been controversial. Activists have made claims that hydraulic fracturing may contribute to climate change, threaten groundwater resources, and pose risks to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and human health. This volume explores the geology, history, technology, and potential environmental impacts of Marcellus Shale gas resources.

Shale Gas Developments in England

Shale Gas Developments in England
Social impacts and comparisons

by Anna Szolucha

  • Publisher : Anna Szolucha
  • Release : 2021-09-13
  • Pages : 167
  • ISBN : 8396253404
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This study documents and analyses the social impacts of fracking and natural gas developments across five locations in England. The primary data were derived from anthropological fieldwork, including interviews and observations, conducted over a period of four years, between 2016 and 2020. The objectives of this study were to: - document the lived experiences of those who lived, worked and protested in the vicinity of gas developments; - establish, analyse and compare the social impact of gas exploration projects across five different locations in England; - identify the affected and other relevant communities as well as any distributional inequalities across different groups of stakeholders; - explore the relationship between natural gas developments and social, psychological, health and political outcomes; - underscore the relevance of social impacts for determining any potential unconventional gas developments and political decision-making in the UK.

Balcombe and Beyond

Balcombe and Beyond
The UK's Frack Free Movement

by Martin D. Dale,James Bolam,Sue Jameson

  • Publisher : CreateSpace
  • Release : 2015-01-17
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9781505265736
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ever since the massive community protests at the West Sussex village of Balcombe in 2013, Hydraulic Fracturing (or 'Fracking') has become a household phrase throughout the UK. Invented in the USA in 1998, high volume high pressure slick water hydraulic fracturing has birthed a new light for the American oil and gas industry. But at what cost? This book covers all sides of the debate from political involvement, financial implications and environmental and health risks to UK action groups, policing and the campaign to prevent unconventional oil and gas extraction from coming to the UK. Whether you are new to the subject or simply have not formed an opinion, this book will help you to understand how the various drilling methods work, the arguments used by the pro and anti lobbies and the reason why tens of thousands of people from across the country are taking to the streets in the an unprecedented act of unity to oppose the industry.

Geomechanical and Petrophysical Properties of Mudrocks

Geomechanical and Petrophysical Properties of Mudrocks
A Book

by E.H. Rutter,J. Mecklenburgh,K.G. Taylor

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2017-10-09
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1786203162
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A surge of interest in the geomechanical and petrophysical properties of mudrocks (shales) has taken place in recent years following the development of a shale gas industry in the United States and elsewhere, and with the prospect of similar developments in the UK. Also, these rocks are of particular importance in excavation and construction geotechnics and other rock engineering applications, such as underground natural gas storage, carbon dioxide disposal and radioactive waste storage. They may greatly influence the stability of natural and engineered slopes. Mudrocks, which make up almost three-quarters of all the sedimentary rocks on Earth, therefore impact on many areas of applied geoscience. This volume focuses on the mechanical behaviour and various physical properties of mudrocks. The 15 chapters are grouped into three themes: (i) physical properties such as porosity, permeability, fluid flow through cracks, strength and geotechnical behaviour; (ii) mineralogy and microstructure, which control geomechanical behaviour; and (iii) fracture, both in laboratory studies and in the field.