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Environmental Assessment of Renewable Energy Conversion Technologies

Environmental Assessment of Renewable Energy Conversion Technologies
A Book

by Paris A. Fokaides

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-12-15
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 9780128171110
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental Assessment of Renewable Energy Conversion Technologies provides state-of-the-art coverage in both non-fossil energy conversion and storage techniques, as well as in their environmental assessment. This includes the goal and scope, the analysis boundaries, the inventory and the impact assessment employed for the evaluation of these applications, as well as the environmental footprint of the technologies. The book compiles information currently available only in different sources concerning the environmental assessment of sustainable energy technologies, allowing for the comparative assessments of different technologies, given specific boundary conditions such as the renewable potential and other specific features of the discussed technologies. Environmental Assessment of Renewable Energy Conversion Technologies offers readers a comprehensive overview of the entire energy supply chain, namely from production to storage, by allowing the consideration of different production and storage combinations, based on their environmental assessment. Provides an overview of the environmental assessment process of renewable energy conversion and storage technologies Includes state-of-the-art approaches and techniques for the comprehensive environmental assessment of individual sustainable energy conversion and storage technologies and their applications Features comparative assessments of different technologies, given specific boundary conditions such as the renewable potential and other specific features of the discussed technologies

Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion

Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion
Technologies, Applications and Environmental Impacts

by Shiva Gorjian,Ashish Shukla

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-07-17
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 0128226412
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion - Technologies, Applications and Environmental Impacts features comprehensive and up-to-date knowledge on the photovoltaic solar energy conversion technology and describes its different aspects in the context of most recent scientific and technological advances. It also provides an insight into future developments in this field by covering four distinct topics include "PV Cells and Modules", "Applications of PV Systems", "Life Cycle and Environmental Impacts" and "PV Market and Policies". An up-to-date reference book on the advances of photovoltaic solar energy conversion technology Describes different aspects of PV and PVT technologies in a comprehensive way Provides information on design, development, and monitoring of PV systems Covers applications of PV and PVT systems in the urban, industry, and agriculture sectors Features new concepts, environmental impacts, market and policies of the PV technology

Sustainable Food Waste-to-Energy Systems

Sustainable Food Waste-to-Energy Systems
A Book

by Thomas Trabold,Callie W. Babbitt

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-09-05
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 0128111585
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Food Waste-to-Energy Systems assesses the utilization of food waste in sustainable energy conversion systems. It explores all sources of waste generated in the food supply chain (downstream from agriculture), with coverage of industrial, commercial, institutional and residential sources. It provides a detailed analysis of the conventional pathways for food waste disposal and utilization, including composting, incineration, landfilling and wastewater treatment. Next, users will find valuable sections on the chemical, biochemical and thermochemical waste-to-energy conversion processes applicable for food waste and an assessment of commercially available sustainable food waste-to-energy conversion technologies. Sustainability aspects, including consideration of environmental, economic and social impacts are also explored. The book concludes with an analysis of how deploying waste-to-energy systems is dependent on cross-cutting research methods, including geographical information systems and big data. It is a useful resource for professionals working in waste-to-energy technologies, as well as those in the food industry and food waste management sector planning and implementing these systems, but is also ideal for researchers, graduate students, energy policymakers and energy analysts interested in the most recent advances in the field. Provides guidance on how specific food waste characteristics drive possible waste-to-energy conversion processes Presents methodologies for selecting among different waste-to-energy options, based on waste volumes, distribution and properties, local energy demand (electrical/thermal/steam), opportunities for industrial symbiosis, regulations and incentives and social acceptance, etc. Contains tools to assess potential environmental and economic performance of deployed systems Links to publicly available resources on food waste data for energy conversion

Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy
Technology, Economics and Environment

by Martin Kaltschmitt,Wolfgang Streicher,Andreas Wiese

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-06-03
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN : 3540709495
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The utilisation of renewable energies is not at all new; in the history of mankind renewable energies have for a long time been the primary possibility of generating energy. This only changed with industrial revolution when lignite and hard coal became increasingly more important. Later on, also crude oil gained importance. Offering the advantages of easy transportation and processing also as a raw material, crude oil has become one of the prime energy carriers applied today. Moreover, natural gas used for space heating and power provision as well as a transportation fuel has become increasingly important, as it is abundantly available and only requires low investments in terms of energy conversion facilities. As fossil energy carriers were increasingly used for energy generation, at least by the industrialised countries, the application of renewable energies decreased in absolute and relative terms; besides a few exceptions, renewable energies are of secondary importance with regard to overall energy generation.

Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy
Physics, Engineering, Environmental Impacts, Economics and Planning

by Bent Sørensen

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-06-06
  • Pages : 1056
  • ISBN : 0128026103
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bent Sørensen’s Renewable Energy: Physics, Engineering, Environmental Impacts, Economics and Planning, Fifth Edition, continues the tradition by providing a thorough and current overview of the entire renewable energy sphere. Since its first edition, this standard reference source helped put renewable energy on the map of scientific agendas. Several renewable energy solutions no longer form just a marginal addition to energy supply, but have become major players, with the promise to become the backbone of an energy system suitable for life in the sustainability lane. This volume is a problem-solving tool for engineers, researchers, students, consultants, and planners currently working in the field, as well as a detailed map of the renewables universe for those looking to expand into new technological specialties, offering the most comprehensive coverage of the subject available. The book has been structured around three parts in order to assist readers in focusing on the issues that impact them the most for a given project or question. PART I covers the basic scientific principles behind all major renewable energy resources, such as solar, wind, and biomass. PART II provides in-depth information about how these raw renewable sources can actually be converted into useful forms, transmitted into the grid, and stored for future utilization. Finally, PART III undertakes the aspects of energy planning, environmental impacts, and socio-economic issues on regional and global levels. In this new edition, Sørensen presents his audience with updated data about renewables market penetration, current insights on climate change, the most recent available technology for renewable energy conversion, transmission and storage, and revised planning scenarios and the future outlook. Covers the underlying physics and engineering of energy sources and conversion processes, including methodologies, models, and analysis Provides a better understanding of the scientific basis and current progress in the field Requires advanced knowledge of math and physics Provides a unique three part organization covering energy sources, conversion processes, and the related planning, environmental impacts, and socio-economic issues on regional and global levels New edition presents updated data about renewables market penetration, current insights on climate change, the most recent available technology for renewable energy conversion, transmission and storage, and revised planning scenarios and future outlook

Energy for Sustainable Development

Energy for Sustainable Development
Demand, Supply, Conversion and Management

by Md Hasanuzzaman,Nasrudin Abd Rahim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-10-30
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 012814646X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy for Sustainable Development: Demand, Supply, Conversion and Management presents a comprehensive look at recent developments and provides guidance on energy demand, supply, analysis and forecasting of modern energy technologies for sustainable energy conversion. The book analyzes energy management techniques and the economic and environmental impact of energy usage and storage. Including modern theories and the latest technologies used in the conversion of energy for traditional fossil fuels and renewable energy sources, this book provides a valuable reference on recent innovations. Researchers, engineers and policymakers will find this book to be a comprehensive guide on modern theories and technologies for sustainable development. Uniquely covers Energy Demand, Supply, Conversion and Management in one complete reference Offers relevant information for both undergraduate and postgraduate programs on energy conversion, making it a key reference for study Includes extensive coverage that links energy conversion with efficiency and management through storage, savings, economics and environmental impact

Rethinking the Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy

Rethinking the Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy
Mitigation and management

by Alexander Clarke

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-08-25
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 1317205448
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Renewable energy is important as a substitute for finite fossil fuels and inflexible nuclear power and could conceivably power the world. However, this is challenging as the world is currently 80% dependent on fossil fuels, and renewable sources produce only about 15% of total energy. Conversion technologies for use with many of the eight different primary sources of renewable energy are only just emerging as viable technologies. While renewable energy sources will not run out, and their use involves little or no release of carbon dioxide or ionising wastes, they do have local environmental impacts of their own. This book analyses the nature of environmental impacts from renewable sources. A novel method of assessing impacts is explored based on a set of parameters centred on how diffuse or concentrated the energy flow is. The approach that is developed will inform engineers, designers, policy makers and planners as well as researchers in the area.

Clean Energy for Sustainable Development

Clean Energy for Sustainable Development
Comparisons and Contrasts of New Approaches

by Abul Kalam Azad,Subhash Sharma

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-11-12
  • Pages : 630
  • ISBN : 0128054247
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Clean Energy for Sustainable Development: Comparisons and Contrasts of New Approaches presents information on the fundamental challenge that the energy sector faces with regard to meeting the ever growing demand for sustainable, efficient, and cleaner energy. The book compares recent developments in the field of energy technology, clean and low emission energy, and energy efficiency and environmental sustainability for industry and academia. Rasul, Azad and Sharma, along with their team of expert contributors, provide high-end research findings on relevant industry themes, including clean and sustainable energy sources and technologies, renewable energy technologies and their applications, biomass and biofuels for sustainable environment, energy system and efficiency improvement, solar thermal applications, and the environmental impacts of sustainable energy systems. This book uses global institutes and case studies to explore and analyze technological advancements alongside practical applications. This approach helps readers to develop and affirm a better understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions necessary to achieve clean energy and sustainable development in both medium and large-scale industries. Compares in-depth research on a wide range of clean technologies, from global institutes in Australia, Europe, and India Evaluates the recent developments in clean technologies against the efficiency of tried and tested applications Considers case studies on the advancements of sustainable energy into industry from around the world

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
Assessment of Projects and Policies

by Aidan Duffy,Martin Rogers,Lacour Ayompe

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-05-26
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 1118631048
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The recent rise to prominence of renewable energy and energy efficiency has been driven by their potential to lower the environmental impacts of energy use. As these technologies mature they must demonstrate not only their environmental benefits, but also their economic competitiveness. The relative costs and benefits of each potential project, whether large or small, must be systematically modelled and assessed before they can be financed and implemented. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency: Assessment of Projects and Policies deals with the appraisal of such projects against financial and non-financial criteria, illustrating the assessment tools necessary to make appropriate, evidence based decisions as efficiently as possible. The most important technologies are first described, stressing their economic and performance characteristics. Key project appraisal concepts are then introduced, approaches to modelling the cash flows in energy projects are described, and the issues of uncertainty and optimisation are fully discussed. These financial concepts, together with methods for estimating greenhouse gas emissions, are extended to address aspects of energy policy. Illustrated with many case studies this is an ideal introduction to financial and non-financial appraisal techniques as applied to energy efficient and renewable energy technologies.

Thermo-ecology

Thermo-ecology
Exergy as a Measure of Sustainability

by Wojciech Stanek,Pawel Gladysz,Lucyna Czarnowska,Tomasz Simla

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-06-15
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 0128131438
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermo-ecology: Exergy as a Measure of Sustainability integrates thermo-ecology and exergy replacement cost as a new and original tool called thermo-ecology cost, or TEC. This tool allows for a more inclusive measurement of the impacts of using renewable and non-renewable resources by including the thermodynamics law in decision-making and presenting applications of this tool across industries and lifecycle assessments. It includes ways to investigate these effects more effectively by combining these critical aspects. This combination has emerged as a valuable decision-support tool for policymakers and the industry as they seek to evaluate the impacts of a product or process. Walks through what Thermo-Ecology Cost (TEC) is and why it gives a more holistic assessment when calculating the costs vs benefits of utilizing a natural resource Provides a new and more efficient way to measure and evaluate the sustainability of resources Includes: TEC calculation examples to explain the TEC theory as well as to help readers prepare their own analyses devoted to exergo-ecological applications across industries including energy production and waste management Demonstrates the potential of TEC usage for applications like ecological taxes proportional on TEC

Environmental Effects of Energy Systems

Environmental Effects of Energy Systems
The OECD COMPASS Project

by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Environment Committee

  • Publisher : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ; [Washington, D.C. : OECD Publications and Information Center]
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustaining Resources for Tomorrow

Sustaining Resources for Tomorrow
A Book

by Jacqueline A. Stagner,David S.-K. Ting

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-14
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN : 3030276767
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book reflects the current state of knowledge on sustainability in a wide range of fields, from engineering to agriculture, to education. Though primarily intended to offer an update for experts and researchers in the field, it can also be used as a valuable educational tool for relevant undergraduate and graduate courses. Key aspects covered include the better and more responsible engineering and management of energy conversion processes, the development of renewable energy technologies, and improvements in conventional energy utilization and food production. In addition, the book addresses green buildings, the green economy, waste and recycling, water, ecopolitics and social sustainability.

Designing Renewable Energy Systems

Designing Renewable Energy Systems
A Life Cycle Assessment Approach

by Leda Gerber

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-12-23
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1498711286
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book discusses a multi-objective optimization approach in LCA that allows the flexible construction of comprehensive Pareto fronts to help understand the weightings and relative importance of its elements. The methodology is applied to the pertinent topics of thermochemical wood conversion, deep geothermal energy, and regional energy planning.

Framework for Identifying Key Environmental Concerns in Marine Renewable Energy Projects- Appendices

Framework for Identifying Key Environmental Concerns in Marine Renewable Energy Projects- Appendices
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marine wave and tidal energy technology could interact with marine resources in ways that are not well understood. As wave and tidal energy conversion projects are planned, tested, and deployed, a wide range of stakeholders will be engaged; these include developers, state and federal regulatory agencies, environmental groups, tribal governments, recreational and commercial fishermen, and local communities. Identifying stakeholders' environmental concerns in the early stages of the industry's development will help developers address and minimize potential environmental effects. Identifying important concerns will also assist with streamlining siting and associated permitting processes, which are considered key hurdles by the industry in the U.S. today. In September 2008, RE Vision consulting, LLC was selected by the Department of Energy (DoE) to conduct a scenario-based evaluation of emerging hydrokinetic technologies. The purpose of this evaluation is to identify and characterize environmental impacts that are likely to occur, demonstrate a process for analyzing these impacts, identify the "key" environmental concerns for each scenario, identify areas of uncertainty, and describe studies that could address that uncertainty. This process is intended to provide an objective and transparent tool to assist in decision-making for siting and selection of technology for wave and tidal energy development. RE Vision worked with H.T. Harvey & Associates, to develop a framework for identifying key environmental concerns with marine renewable technology. This report describes the results of this study. This framework was applied to varying wave and tidal power conversion technologies, scales, and locations. The following wave and tidal energy scenarios were considered: 4 wave energy generation technologies 3 tidal energy generation technologies 3 sites: Humboldt coast, California (wave); Makapu'u Point, Oahu, Hawaii (wave); and the Tacoma Narrows, Washington (tidal) 3 project sizes: pilot, small commercial, and large commercial The possible combinations total 24 wave technology scenarios and 9 tidal technology scenarios. We evaluated 3 of the 33 scenarios in detail: 1. A small commercial OPT Power Buoy project off the Humboldt County, California coast 2. A small commercial Pelamis Wave Power P-2 project off Makapu'u Point, Oahu, Hawaii 3. A pilot MCT SeaGen tidal project, sited in the Tacoma Narrows, Washington. This framework document used information available from permitting documents that were written to support actual wave or tidal energy projects, but the results obtained here should not be confused with those of the permitting documents1. The main difference between this framework document and permitting documents of currently proposed pilot projects is that this framework identifies key environmental concerns and describes the next steps in addressing those concerns; permitting documents must identify effects, find or declare thresholds of significance, evaluate the effects against the thresholds, and find mitigation measures that will minimize or avoid the effects so they can be considered less-than-significant. Two methodologies, 1) an environmental effects analysis and 2) Raptools, were developed and tested to identify potential environmental effects associated with wave or tidal energy conversion projects. For the environmental effects analysis, we developed a framework based on standard risk assessment techniques. The framework was applied to the three scenarios listed above. The environmental effects analysis addressed questions such as: What is the temporal and spatial exposure of a species at a site? What are the specific potential project effects on that species? What measures could minimize, mitigate, or eliminate negative effects? Are there potential effects of the project, or species' response to the effect, that are highly uncertain and warrant additional study? The second methodology, Raptools, is a collaborative ...

Alternative Energy Sources for Non-highway Transportation

Alternative Energy Sources for Non-highway Transportation
A Book

by E. N. Cart

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Renewable Energy Technologies

Renewable Energy Technologies
A Book

by Haris Mushtaq,Mushtaq Ahmad

  • Publisher : Arcler Press
  • Release : 2017-11
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 9781773611402
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The understanding of renewable energy and its significant impacts on economy has the potential to uplift the livelihood of people. However, technological implications cannot be avoided in the present scenario.This book explains overall profile of energy resources, principles of renewable energy technologies, along with a demonstration of applications. The authors describe and explain the background and present profile of energy generation with special reference to the preservation of biodiversity and natural resources by the following principles of sustainable growth and conservation of the atmosphere.This book on Renewable Energy Resources is written to serve as a text on energy for technologists, researchers, energy producers and of course for policy makers of developing and developed economies of the world. The authors have tried to make this edition a most comprehensive account pertaining to energy and the social and economic aspects of renewable energy and resources of energy.The authors describe the beginning of energy need and use along with the need of energy in prehistoric era. The mention of Industrial revolution in Europe and America has its own importance on the emergence of Science and technology dealing with mechanics, thermodynamics, electricity generation, locomotives and, of course quantum physics and atomic physics. First of all, the author describes the effect of the sun on the creation of wind and waves and on the atmosphere. It also includes the effects of global warming. It briefs the reader about the technical aspects of the devices used to convert energy from one form to the required form, whether it is from direct solar radiation to wind and biomass. The author explores new solar cell types, including new biofuel processes, polymer and organic cells and new wave energy devices.The subjects covered under the domain of energy and renewable energy sources are wind, water and sun. The energy produced by traditional as well as conventional technologies such as oil or mineral fuel is also referred to where needed.This book can be used as reference and for some stages as text book for students of energy and related fields The authors have given due attention to the history of each type of energy source. The Introduction of the book gives details of the origin of energy use with reference to the prehistoric society and ending at the most modern renewable energy sources and their technological implications.The authors have discussed Energy and related matters in greater details as follows: - Renewable Energy- Energy Conversion: Basic Principles- Wind Energy Conversion- Hydro-energy- Biomass Conversion Methods- Energy Conversion of Solar Energy- Impact of Renewable Energy on Atmosphere

Green Energy and Infrastructure

Green Energy and Infrastructure
Securing a Sustainable Future

by Jacqueline A. Stagner,David S-K. Ting

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-10-13
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 1000196720
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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C. S. Lewis rightly instructed, "The task of the modern educator is not to cut down jungles, but to irrigate deserts." This book aims to achieve this task by pushing the frontiers of scholarship for securing a sustainable future through green energy and infrastructure. This encompasses the notion that what we create is in harmony and integration with both the spatial and temporal domains. Through numerous practical examples and illustrations, this book examines a comprehensive review of the latest science on indoor environmental health, energy requirements for buildings, and the "greening" of infrastructure. Also, it provides a discussion on the underlying properties of biomass and its influence on furthering energy conversion technologies. Energy storage is essential for driving the integration of renewable energy, and different storage approaches are discussed in terms of power balancing, grid stability, and reliability. Features: Focuses on the importance of coupling green energy with green infrastructure Provides an unbiased update of the state-of-the-art of sustainability science Discusses utilizing sustainable building materials for simultaneous improvement in energy, economic, and environmental bottom lines for industry Illuminates practical steps that need to be undertaken to achieve a greener infrastructure Green Energy and Infrastructure: Securing a Sustainable Future is appropriate for researchers, students, and decision-makers seeking the latest, practical information on environmental sustainability.

Energy

Energy
A Continuing Bibliography with Indexes

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Inventory of Federal Energy-related Environment and Safety Research for FY 1978: Project listings and indexes

Inventory of Federal Energy-related Environment and Safety Research for FY 1978: Project listings and indexes
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts

Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts
Technology, Advances, Life Cycle Assessment, and Economics

by R. Praveen Kumar,Edgard Gnansounou,Jegannathan Kenthorai Raman,Gurunathan Baskar

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-11-08
  • Pages : 642
  • ISBN : 0128189975
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The utilization of various types of biomass residue to produce products such as biofuels and biochemicals means biorefinery technology using biomass residues may become a one-stop solution to the increasing need for sustainable, non-fossil sources of energy and chemicals. Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts: Technology, Advances, Life Cycle Assessment and Economics focuses on the various biorefineries currently available and discusses their uses, challenges, and future developments. This book introduces the concept of integrated biorefinery systems, as well as their operation and feedstock sourcing. It explores the specificities, current developments, and potential end products of various types of residue, from industrial and municipal to agricultural and marine, as well as residue from food industries. Sustainability issues are discussed at length, including life cycle assessment, economics, and cost analysis of different biorefinery models. In addition, a number of global case studies examine successful experiences in different regions. This book is an ideal resource for researchers and practitioners in the field of bioenergy and waste management who are looking to learn about technologies involved in residue biorefinery systems, how to reduce their environmental impacts, and how to ensure their commercial viability. Explores a range of different biorefinery categories, such as industrial, agricultural, and marine biomass residues Includes a Life Cycle Assessment of biorefinery models, in addition to costs and market analysis. Features case studies from around the world and is written by an international team of authors