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Escaping Salem

Escaping Salem
The Other Witch Hunt of 1692

by Richard Godbeer

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 177
  • ISBN : 0195161297
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Describes the witch hunt that took place in Stamford, Connecticut, in 1692, detailing the story of Kate Branch, a seventeen-year-old afflicted by strange visions and given to wails of pain and fright, who accused several women of bewitching her.

Escaping Salem

Escaping Salem
The Other Witch Hunt of 1692

by Richard Godbeer

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2004-10-01
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 0199882932
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Salem witch hunt of 1692 is among the most infamous events in early American history; however, it was not the only such episode to occur in New England that year. Escaping Salem reconstructs the "other witch hunt" of 1692 that took place in Stamford, Connecticut. Concise and accessible, the book takes students on a revealing journey into the mental world of early America, shattering the stereotype of early New Englanders as quick to accuse and condemn. Drawing on eyewitness testimony, Richard Godbeer tells the story of Kate Branch, a seventeen-year-old afflicted by strange visions and given to blood-chilling wails of pain and fright. Branch accused several women of bewitching her, two of whom were put on trial for witchcraft. Escaping Salem takes us inside the Connecticut courtroom and into the minds of the surprisingly skeptical Stamford townspeople. Were the pain and screaming due to natural or supernatural causes? Was Branch simply faking the symptoms? And if she was indeed bewitched, why believe her specific accusations, since her information came from demons who might well be lying? For the judges, Godbeer shows, the trial was a legal thicket. All agreed that witches posed a real and serious threat, but proving witchcraft (an invisible crime) in court was another matter. The court in Salem had become mired in controversy over its use of dubious evidence. In an intriguing chapter, Godbeer examines Magistrate Jonathan Selleck's notes on how to determine the guilt of someone accused of witchcraft, providing an illuminating look at what constituted proof of witchcraft at the time. The stakes were high--if found guilty, the two accused women would be hanged. In the afterword, Godbeer explains how he used the trial evidence to build his narrative, offering an inside perspective on the historian's craft. Featuring maps, photos, and a selected bibliography, Escaping Salem is ideal for use in undergraduate U.S. survey courses. It can also be used for courses in colonial American history, culture, and religion; witchcraft in the early modern world; and crime and society in early America.

Study Guide

Study Guide
Escaping Salem by Richard Godbeer (SuperSummary)

by SuperSummary

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018-10-05
  • Pages : 33
  • ISBN : 9781723908170
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides for challenging works of literature. This 33-page guide for "Escaping Salem" by Richard Godbeer includes detailed chapter summaries and analysis covering 6 chapters, as well as several more in-depth sections of expert-written literary analysis. Featured content includes commentary on major characters, 25 important quotes, essay topics, and key themes like The Differing Modes of Knowledge and Legal Precedent Versus Public Opinion.

The Witches

The Witches
Salem, 1692

by Stacy Schiff

  • Publisher : Little, Brown
  • Release : 2015-10-27
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0316200611
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Cleopatra, the #1 national bestseller, unpacks the mystery of the Salem Witch Trials. It began in 1692, over an exceptionally raw Massachusetts winter, when a minister's daughter began to scream and convulse. It ended less than a year later, but not before 19 men and women had been hanged and an elderly man crushed to death. The panic spread quickly, involving the most educated men and prominent politicians in the colony. Neighbors accused neighbors, parents and children each other. Aside from suffrage, the Salem Witch Trials represent the only moment when women played the central role in American history. In curious ways, the trials would shape the future republic. As psychologically thrilling as it is historically seminal, THE WITCHES is Stacy Schiff's account of this fantastical story-the first great American mystery unveiled fully for the first time by one of our most acclaimed historians.

The Devil's Dominion

The Devil's Dominion
Magic and Religion in Early New England

by Richard Godbeer

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 1994-01-28
  • Pages : 253
  • ISBN : 9780521466707
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Early New Englanders used magical techniques to divine the future, to heal the sick, to protect against harm and to inflict harm. Protestant ministers of the time claimed that religious faith and magical practice were incompatible, and yet, as Richard Godbeer shows, there were significant affinities between the two that enabled layfolk to switch from one to the other without any immediate sense of wrongdoing. Godbeer argues that the different perspectives on witchcraft engendered by magical tradition and Puritan doctrine often caused confusion and disagreement when New Englanders sought legal punishment of witches.

The Salem Witch Hunt

The Salem Witch Hunt
A Brief History with Documents

by Richard Godbeer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017-09-08
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9781319088132
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Salem witch trials stand as one of the infamous moments in colonial American history. More than 150 people -- primarily women -- from 24 communities were charged with witchcraft; 19 were hanged and others died in prison. This second edition continues to explore the beliefs, fears, and historical context that fueled the witch panic of 1692. In his revised introduction, Richard Godbeer offers coverage of the convulsive ergotism thesis advanced in the 1970s and a discussion of new scholarship on men who were accused of witchcraft for explicitly gendered reasons. The documents in this volume illuminate how the Puritans' worldview led them to seek a supernatural explanation for the problems vexing their community. Presented as case studies, the carefully chosen records from several specific trials offer a clear picture of the gender norms and social tensions that underlie the witchcraft accusations. New to this edition are records from the trial of Samuel Wardwell, a fortune-teller or "cunning man" whose apparent expertise made him vulnerable to suspicions of witchcraft. The book's final documents cover recantations of confessions, the aftermath of the witch hunt, and statements of regret. A chronology of the witchcraft crisis, questions for consideration, and a selected bibliography round out the book's pedagogical support.

Escaping the Conflict Trap

Escaping the Conflict Trap
Toward Ending Civil Wars in the Middle East

by Paul Salem

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-08-02
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 9781082039157
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume brings together academics, experts, and practitioners to explore pathways to ending the current civil wars in the Middle East. It starts by examining the history of civil wars in the region in the 20th century, moves on to what we know about ending civil wars and the geopolitics of the current conflicts, and then delves into the causes, drivers, and dynamics of the ongoing civil wars in Syria, Yemen, Libya, and Afghanistan, as well as the recent civil war in Iraq. While readers will find little easy optimism within these pages, they will gain a better understanding of the obstacles and opportunities for advancing toward peace and stability in each of these countries, as well as escaping the conflict trap in which the region is mired. The unique combination of academic, analytic, and practitioner perspectives will help policymakers step back from the immediacy of today to consider the various elements of a broader sustained strategy for resolving these conflicts that involves actors at the national, regional, and global levels. Policymakers, academics, students, and concerned citizens will come away with a richer and more nuanced understanding of the drivers of civil conflict in the region, the particular challenges of the individual civil wars, and the factors that need to be brought to bear to bring these conflicts to an end, and create a stable and sustainable peace.

Salem Story

Salem Story
Reading the Witch Trials of 1692

by Bernard Rosenthal

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 1995-09-29
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 9780521558204
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Salem Story engages the story of the Salem witch trials by contrasting an analysis of the surviving primary documentation with the way events of 1692 have been mythologised by our culture. Resisting the temptation to explain the Salem witch trials in the context of an inclusive theoretical framework, the book examines a variety of individual motives that converged to precipitate the witch-hunt. Of the many assumptions about the Salem witch trials, the most persistent is that they were instigated by a circle of hysterical girls. Through an analysis of what actually happened - by perusal of the primary materials with the 'close reading' approach of a literary critic - a different picture emerges, one where 'hysteria' inappropriately describes the logical, rational strategies of accusation and confession followed by the accusers, males and females alike.

Power in Modernity

Power in Modernity
Agency Relations and the Creative Destruction of the King's Two Bodies

by Isaac Ariail Reed

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 022668945X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Isaac Reed's Power in Modernity aims to be a major contribution to social theory. It is a bold and innovative theoretical reimagining of power. Drawing on an eclectic range of ideas from across the humanities and social sciences, Reed rethinks the fundamentals of sociological theorizing of power-upsetting canonical traditions and remaking them with insights from poststructuralism, postcolonial theory, and critical race studies. First, Reed conceptualizes power as having three aspects: relational, discursive, and performative. He explores these aspects in relation to three different kinds of social actors-rector, agent, and other-and their connections. In essence, Reed brings power in the actions of individuals into relation with a wide range of institutional circumstances of power while neatly finessing the outmoded agency/structure binary. The result is a framework for the analysis of power that allows us to see both its sometimes fragile and precarious character, as well as its more typical stability and durability. We also get a window onto the episodic performances of power and how they institutionalize or unravel social orders. Power in Modernity is sure to be of interest to political sociologists and social theorists especially, and it will serve sociologists and other social scientists well who are interested in how power operates across many different social situations"--

Haunted Connecticut

Haunted Connecticut
Ghosts and Strange Phenomena of the Constitution State

by Cheri Revai

  • Publisher : Stackpole Books
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 119
  • ISBN : 9780811732963
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thrilling stories of supernatural occurrences in Connecticut, including the curse on Dudleytown, the spirit of Hanna Cranna who causes car crashes in Monroe, the phantom black dog of Meriden, buried-alive Midnight Mary, the lost village of Bara-Hack, and many more.

A Fever in Salem

A Fever in Salem
A New Interpretation of the New England Witch Trials

by Laurie Winn Carlson

  • Publisher : Ivan R. Dee
  • Release : 1999-07-20
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN : 1566633397
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new interpretation of the New England Witch Trials offers an innovative, well-grounded explanation of witchcraft's link to organic illness. While most historians have concentrated on the accused, Laurie Winn Carlson focuses on the afflicted. Systematically comparing the symptoms recorded in colonial diaries and court records to those of the encephalitis epidemic in the early twentieth century, she argues convincingly that the victims suffered from the same disease. A unique blend of historical epidemiology and sociology. —Katrina L. Kelner, Science. Meticulously researched...the author marshalls her arguments with clarity and persuasive force. —New Yorker

Heterosexual Histories

Heterosexual Histories
A Book

by Rebecca L. Davis,Michele Mitchell

  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • Release : 2021-02-09
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 147980228X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The history of heterosexuality in North America across four centuries Heterosexuality is usually regarded as something inherently “natural”—but what is heterosexuality, and how has it taken shape across the centuries? By challenging ahistorical approaches to the heterosexual subject, Heterosexual Histories constructs a new framework for the history of heterosexuality, examining unexplored assumptions and insisting that not only sex but race, class, gender, age, and geography matter to its past. Each of the fourteen essays in this volume examines the history of heterosexuality from a different angle, seeking to study this topic in a way that recognizes plurality, divergence, and inequity. Editors Rebecca L. Davis and Michele Mitchell have formed a collection that spans four centuries, addressing the many different racial groups, geographies, and subcultures of heterosexuality in North America. The essays range across disciplines with experts from various fields examining heterosexuality from unique perspectives: a historian shows how defining heterosexuality, sex, and desire were integral to the formation of British America and the process of colonization; a legal scholar examines the connections between race, sexual citizenship, and nonmarital motherhood; a gender studies expert analyzes the Clinton-Lewinsky scandal, and explores the intersections of heterosexuality with shame and second-wave feminism. Together, these essays explain how differently earlier Americans understood the varieties of gender and different-sex sexuality, how heterosexuality emerged as a dominant way of describing gender, and how openly many people acknowledged and addressed heterosexuality’s fragility. By contesting presumptions of heterosexuality’s stability or consistency, Heterosexual Histories opens the historical record to interrogations of the raced, classed, and gendered varieties of heterosexuality and considers the implications of heterosexuality’s multiplicities and changes. Providing both a sweeping historical survey and concentrated case studies, Heterosexual Histories is a crucial addition to the field of sexuality studies.

Dillinger's Wild Ride

Dillinger's Wild Ride
The Year That Made America's Public Enemy Number One

by Elliott J. Gorn

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2011-09-29
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0199769168
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents an account of the activities of the Dillinger gang in 1933 and 1934 when they robbed over a dozen banks.

Escaping His Love

Escaping His Love
A Book

by Amanda MacMaster

  • Publisher : Independently Published
  • Release : 2019-06-28
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 9781075624438
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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All is not right in Jessica's world when a dark figure from her past emerges and threatens the very foundations of her new relationship. She finds herself having fallen for Cillian - Her older brothers best friend, the man she thought she knew - Only to find out Cillian is a millionaire and battling his own demons from his past too. They both deal with their past differently, resulting in one of them being more exposed than ever.

World of Trouble

World of Trouble
A Philadelphia Quaker Family's Journey through the American Revolution

by Richard Godbeer

  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release : 2019-11-26
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0300248903
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An intimate account of the American Revolution as seen through the eyes of a Quaker pacifist couple living in Philadelphia Historian Richard Godbeer presents a richly layered and intimate account of the American Revolution as experienced by a Philadelphia Quaker couple, Elizabeth Drinker and the merchant Henry Drinker, who barely survived the unique perils that Quakers faced during that conflict. Spanning a half†‘century before, during, and after the war, this gripping narrative illuminates the Revolution’s darker side as patriots vilified, threatened, and in some cases killed pacifist Quakers as alleged enemies of the revolutionary cause. Amid chaos and danger, the Drinkers tried as best they could to keep their family and faith intact. Through one couple’s story, Godbeer opens a window on a uniquely turbulent period of American history, uncovers the domestic, social, and religious lives of Quakers in the late eighteenth century, and situates their experience in the context of transatlantic culture and trade. A master storyteller takes his readers on a moving journey they will never forget.

Witchcraft Trials of Connecticut

Witchcraft Trials of Connecticut
The First Comprehensive, Documented History of Witchcraft Trials in Colonial Connecticut

by R. G. Tomlinson

  • Publisher : Richard Tomlinson
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 80
  • ISBN : 9780967874012
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The history of the witchcraft trials of Colonial Connecticut from original documents including, in some cases, depositions to court and letters not previously published. Covers the period from the first execution for witchcraft in America (Alse Youngs of Windsor, CT 1647)to the Fairfield Witch Panic of 1692 (contemporary with the Salem, MA trials). Contains the Great Hartford Witch Panic of 1662 which produced the last executions in Connecticut, 30 years before the Salem Trials.

Celia, a Slave

Celia, a Slave
A Book

by Melton A. McLaurin

  • Publisher : University of Georgia Press
  • Release : 2011-03-15
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 9780820341590
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Illuminating the moral dilemmas that lie at the heart of a slaveholding society, this book tells the story of a young slave who was sexually exploited by her master and ultimately executed for his murder. Celia was only fourteen years old when she was acquired by John Newsom, an aging widower and one of the most prosperous and respected citizens of Callaway County, Missouri. The pattern of sexual abuse that would mark their entire relationship began almost immediately. After purchasing Celia in a neighboring county, Newsom raped her on the journey back to his farm. He then established her in a small cabin near his house and visited her regularly (most likely with the knowledge of the son and two daughters who lived with him). Over the next five years, Celia bore Newsom two children; meanwhile, she became involved with a slave named George and resolved at his insistence to end the relationship with her master. When Newsom refused, Celia one night struck him fatally with a club and disposed of his body in her fireplace. Her act quickly discovered, Celia was brought to trial. She received a surprisingly vigorous defense from her court-appointed attorneys, who built their case on a state law allowing women the use of deadly force to defend their honor. Nevertheless, the court upheld the tenets of a white social order that wielded almost total control over the lives of slaves. Celia was found guilty and hanged. Melton A. McLaurin uses Celia's story to reveal the tensions that strained the fabric of antebellum southern society. Celia's case demonstrates how one master's abuse of power over a single slave forced whites to make moral decisions about the nature of slavery. McLaurin focuses sharply on the role of gender, exploring the degree to which female slaves were sexually exploited, the conditions that often prevented white women from stopping such abuse, and the inability of male slaves to defend slave women. Setting the case in the context of the 1850s slavery debates, he also probes the manner in which the legal system was used to justify slavery. By granting slaves certain statutory rights (which were usually rendered meaningless by the customary prerogatives of masters), southerners could argue that they observed moral restraint in the operations of their peculiar institution. An important addition to our understanding of the pre-Civil War era, Celia, A Slave is also an intensely compelling narrative of one woman pushed beyond the limits of her endurance by a system that denied her humanity at the most basic level.

A Storm of Witchcraft

A Storm of Witchcraft
The Salem Trials and the American Experience

by Emerson W. Baker

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2014-09-08
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0199385149
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Beginning in January 1692, Salem Village in colonial Massachusetts witnessed the largest and most lethal outbreak of witchcraft in early America. Villagers--mainly young women--suffered from unseen torments that caused them to writhe, shriek, and contort their bodies, complaining of pins stuck into their flesh and of being haunted by specters. Believing that they suffered from assaults by an invisible spirit, the community began a hunt to track down those responsible for the demonic work. The resulting Salem Witch Trials, culminating in the execution of 19 villagers, persists as one of the most mysterious and fascinating events in American history. Historians have speculated on a web of possible causes for the witchcraft that stated in Salem and spread across the region-religious crisis, ergot poisoning, an encephalitis outbreak, frontier war hysteria--but most agree that there was no single factor. Rather, as Emerson Baker illustrates in this seminal new work, Salem was "a perfect storm": a unique convergence of conditions and events that produced something extraordinary throughout New England in 1692 and the following years, and which has haunted us ever since. Baker shows how a range of factors in the Bay colony in the 1690s, including a new charter and government, a lethal frontier war, and religious and political conflicts, set the stage for the dramatic events in Salem. Engaging a range of perspectives, he looks at the key players in the outbreak--the accused witches and the people they allegedly bewitched, as well as the judges and government officials who prosecuted them--and wrestles with questions about why the Salem tragedy unfolded as it did, and why it has become an enduring legacy. Salem in 1692 was a critical moment for the fading Puritan government of Massachusetts Bay, whose attempts to suppress the story of the trials and erase them from memory only fueled the popular imagination. Baker argues that the trials marked a turning point in colonial history from Puritan communalism to Yankee independence, from faith in collective conscience to skepticism toward moral governance. A brilliantly told tale, A Storm of Witchcraft also puts Salem's storm into its broader context as a part of the ongoing narrative of American history and the history of the Atlantic World.

Trial by Fire

Trial by Fire
A Book

by Josephine Angelini

  • Publisher : Feiwel & Friends
  • Release : 2014-09-02
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1250064252
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"A Must Read Romance. This is one of the best books I've read this year. It has everything a book should have: action, adventure, violence, a butt-kicking heroine and one hot hero." —USA Today This world is trying to kill Lily Proctor. Her life-threatening allergiesmake it increasingly difficult to live a normal life, and after a completely humiliating incident ruins her first (and perhaps only) real party, she's ready to disappear. "Come and be the most powerful person in the world." Suddenly, Lily finds herself in a different Salem. One overrun with horrifying creatures and ruled by powerful women—including Lillian, this world's version of Lily. "It will be terrifying. It was for me." What made Lily weak at home, makes her extraordinary here. It also puts her in terrible danger. Faced with new responsibilites she can barely understand and a love she never expeceted, Lily is left with one question: How can she be the savior of this world when she is literally her own worst enemy?

Z for Zachariah

Z for Zachariah
A Book

by Robert C. O'Brien

  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release : 2007-07-10
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN : 1416939210
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Believing herself to be the only survivor of a nuclear war, Ann Burden greets a wandering stranger with excitement and suspicion. An ALA Notable Book & ALA Best Book for Young Adults. Reprint.