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European Glacial Landscapes

European Glacial Landscapes
Maximum Extent of Glaciations

by David Palacios,Philip D. Hughes,Jose M. García Ruiz,Nuria de Andrés

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-11-19
  • Pages : 546
  • ISBN : 0128236078
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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European Glacial Landscapes: Maximum Extent of Glaciations brings together relevant experts on the history of glaciers and their impact on the landscape of the main regions of Europe. In some regions the largest recorded glaciations occurred before the Last Glacial Cycle, in one of the major glacial cycles of the Middle Pleistocene. However, the best-preserved evidence of glaciation in the landscape is from the Last Glacial Cycle (Late Pleistocene). The book also analyses these older glacial landforms that can sometimes still be seen in the landscape today. This analysis provides a better understanding of the succession of Pleistocene glaciations and the intervening interglacial periods, examining their possible continental synchrony or asynchrony of past glacier behaviour. The result of this analysis gives important new insights and information on the origin and effects of climatic and geomorphological variability across Europe. European Glacial Landscapes: Maximum Extent of Glaciations examines the landscapes produced by glaciers throughout Europe, the geomorphological effects of glaciations, as well as the chronology and evolution of the past glaciers, with the aim of understanding the interrelationship between glacial expansion and climate changes on this continent. This book is a valuable tool for geographers, geologist, environmental scientists, researchers in physics and earth sciences. Provides a synthesis that highlights the main similarities or differences, through both space and time, during the maximum recorded expansions of Pleistocene glaciers in Europe Features research from experts in glacial geomorphology, palaeo-glaciology, palaeo-climatology and palaeo-oceanography on glacial expansion in Europe Includes detailed color figures and maps, providing a comprehensive comparison of the glacial landscapes of European Pleistocene glaciers

European Glacial Landscapes

European Glacial Landscapes
The Last Deglaciation

by David Palacios,Philip D. Hughes,Jose M. Garcia-Ruiz,Nuria de Andrés

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2022-08-15
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 9780323918992
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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European Glacial Landscapes: The Role of Glaciers in Shaping the Landscape of Europe During the Last Deglaciation brings together relevant experts on the history of glaciers and their impact on the landscape of the main European regions. The European glaciers ended their maximum expansion of the Last Glacial Cycleapproximately 20,000 years ago, when ice-sheets covered all the Scandinavian countries, Finland, much of the British Isles, the shores of the Baltic Sea and Central-Europe until roughly the present Rhine River. The glaciers covered also large areas of the main European mountains, such as the Urals, the Carpathians, the Alps, the Balkans, the Pyrenees, etc. Glaciers were also present even in the southernmost mountains, sometimes forming remarkable ice caps with cirque glaciers on relatively low mountains bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Soon after the Last Glacial Maximum from around 20,000 years ago a rapid process of glacial retreat began throughout Europe, which was interrupted several times by abrupt cooling of the climate, which caused rapid, though limited, re-advance of the glaciers, until the beginning of the Holocene, 11,700 years ago when climate became relatively stable and warm. These successive glacial advances and retreats during the Last Deglaciation have shaped much of the European landscape, reflecting abrupt climatic fluctuations. The Last deglaciation is especially important for the landscape of Europe because the evidence is so well-preserved since it records the most recent evidence of the Pleistocene ice age. In recent decades, research on the origin and age of the resulting glacial landforms has greatly improved in many regions of Europe. In addition, the evolution of the climate is becoming better known through detailed analysis of lacustrine and marine sediments, and Greenland ice cores. As our knowledge on abrupt climate changes since the Last Glacial Maximum progresses, new uncertainties arise that are critical for understanding (i) the influence of atmospheric and oceanic currents on palaeoclimates and their spatial representation; (ii) the existence of asynchronies in the timing of occurrence of ice masses expansion and shrinkage; (iii) the time lags between oceanic and atmospheric changes, on one hand, and changes in precipitation and temperature patterns, on the other; (iv) the way in which climate changes disseminate through Europe and, consequently, the lag between climate changes and the expansion or contraction of glaciers; (v) the role of the large continental ice-sheets on the European climate, and particularly on the response of mountain glaciers, with special reference to the Mediterranean mountains. All these contributions are included in this book, in which the reader will find a complete review organized according to the main climatic periods of the so-called Termination 1 the important Late Pleistocene-Holocene transition. Provides a synthesis that highlights the main similarities or differences, through both space and time, during the Last Deglaciation of Europe Features research from experts in palaeo-climatology, palaeo-oceanography and palaeo-glaciology on the Last Deglaciation in Europe during Termination 1 and the important Late Pleistocene-Holocene transition Includes detailed color figures and maps, providing a comprehensive comparison of the glacial landscapes of European Pleistocene glaciers

Submerged Landscapes of the European Continental Shelf

Submerged Landscapes of the European Continental Shelf
Quaternary Paleoenvironments

by Nicholas C. Flemming,Jan Harff,Anthony Burgess,Geoffrey N. Bailey,Delminda Moura

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-08-07
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN : 1118922131
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"COST, European Cooperation in Science and Technology."

Neanderthals and Modern Humans in the European Landscape During the Last Glaciation

Neanderthals and Modern Humans in the European Landscape During the Last Glaciation
Archaeological Results of the Stage 3 Project

by Leslie Aiello

  • Publisher : McDonald Inst of Archeological
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 265
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What role did Ice Age climate play in the demise of the Neanderthals, and why was it that modern humans alone survived? For the past seven years a team of international experts from a wide range of disciplines have worked together to provide a detailed study of the world occupied by the European Neanderthals between 60,000 and 25,000 years ago: the period known as Oxygen Isotope Stage 3. This collection of papers documents the extensive environmental research conducted by the Stage 3 Project. The new chronological and archaeological database constructed by the Project sets the Neanderthal and modern human sites in a continent-wide framework of space and time. A mammalian data base maps the ecology and fauna of the period, providing fresh insights into the availability of plant and animal foods in different parts of the European landscape as Ice Age climate changed and fluctuated. New high-resolution computer simulations give detailed estimates of temperature and rainfall, and above all of the wind-chill and snow cover that would have such an impact on both humans and on the resources they needed for survival. The results provide revolutionary insights into the glacial climate of Stage 3 and the landscapes and resources that influenced late Palaeolithic life-styles.

Glacial Deposits in Northeast Europe

Glacial Deposits in Northeast Europe
A Book

by J. Ehlers,Ph.L. Gibbard,S. Kozarski,J. Rose

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-08-27
  • Pages : 636
  • ISBN : 1000099725
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Until now no overview of the Quaternary deposits of northeastern Europe has been available. This book fills the gap. It presents the state of research on Quaternary stratigraphy and geology, with emphasis on glacial deposits, discusses the general scientific ideas and gives an overview of the methods of investigation, some of which have rarely been applied elsewhere. It has become apparent that the region covered has many environmental problems, and a proper understanding of the Quaternary deposits is a basic requirement for dealing with them. The same is true for civil engineering. In the formerly glaciated areas almost all construction sites for roads and houses will encounter glacial deposits. This volume provides an authoritative and fascinating overview for anyone planning to venture into this field. In its 53 regional chapters the book covers Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, the Czech Republic and eastern Germany. From the text it becomes clear that not all the stratigraphical schemes are yet fully compatible or comprehensible. There can be no doubt, however, that the east was subjected to very extensive ice advances during the earlier Pleistocene. Also, in contrast to western Europe, there was a significant Early Weichselian ice advance, although not as extensive as the last, Late Weichselian event. The book is illustrated by 421 figures and 74 colour plates (mostly photographs). There are 23 tables, a detailed index and a list of over 1000 references, providing a unique collection of northeastern European geoscience literature, much of which has so far escaped the attention of western scientists. The volume, composed of contributions by 60 scientists, completes the trilogy on glacial deposits of northern Europe. Together with its two companion volumes, the Glacial deposits in North-West Europe and the Glacial Deposits in Great Britain and Ireland, it represents an invaluable source of information for the geoscientist, the advanced student or the amateur.

Revealing Lateglacial Landscapes

Revealing Lateglacial Landscapes
The Re-peopling of Britain and Northwest Europe in the Late Pleistocene

by Nick Barton

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 2003-04
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9781405117777
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As the ice retreated from Northern Europe towards the end of the last Glacial period, humans started to move north and recolonise the landscape. While popular myth paints a picture of harsh conditions with small groups of ‘cavemen’ living a difficult and marginal existence, it is now being understood that complex and relatively advanced cultures typified these societies. Despite harsh winter conditions the climate allowed a varied environments in which plant and animal biomass levels were surprisingly high. Late Glacial environments are an important component of European courses in Anthropology, Archaeology and Earth Science (Quaternary Geoscience). Barton has an established reputation as a researcher and author and his new book will be widely welcomed throughout Europe.

Ecosystem Service Potentials and Their Indicators in Postglacial Landscapes

Ecosystem Service Potentials and Their Indicators in Postglacial Landscapes
Assessment and Mapping

by Andrzej Affek,Marek Degórski,Jacek Wolski,Jerzy Solon,Anna Kowalska,Ewa Roo-Zielinska,Bozenna Grabinska,Boguslawa Kruczkowska

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-10-30
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 0128161353
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ecosystem Service Potentials and Their Indicators in Postglacial Landscapes: Assessment and Mapping provides valuable guidance for anyone involved with ecosystem service potential monitoring, use and management—from landscape ecologists and environmental managers, to policymakers and environmental economists. The book highlights effective measurement tools for evaluating the overall potential of ecosystem services from multiple perspectives. Beginning with an introduction to ecosystem services and the theoretical assumptions and objectives associated with their assessment, the book goes on to outline interdisciplinary methods of evaluation and analysis that are fully supported and illustrated throughout using an insightful case study focused on Wigry National Park. A range of different spatial reference units are also discussed, followed by chapters on both analytical and synthetic approaches to identifying service supply potential. In addition, the use of services and the impact of these uses on the assessment of potential is included, along with a discussion of the future shape of ecosystem service assessment. Outlines a transdisciplinary, holistic approach to assessing the overall potential of ecosystems and landscapes to support different ecosystem services Proposes a range of direct, indirect, simple and complex measurement indicators for multifaceted estimation and mapping Presents tools and guidelines to help shape effective decision-making processes in nature conservation and environmental planning

Landscapes in History

Landscapes in History
Design and Planning in the Eastern and Western Traditions

by Philip Pregill,Nancy Volkman

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1999-01-25
  • Pages : 864
  • ISBN : 9780471293286
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The definitive, one-stop reference to the history of landscape architecture-now expanded and revised This revised edition of Landscapes in History features for the first time new information-rarely available elsewhere in the literature-on landscape architecture in India, China, Southeast Asia, and Japan. It also expands the discussion of the modern period, including current North American planning and design practices. This unique, highly regarded book traces the development of landscape architecture and environmental design from prehistory to modern times-in Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and North America. It covers the many cultural, political, technological, and philosophical issues influencing land use throughout history, focusing not only on design topics but also on the environmental impact of human activity. Landscape architects, urban planners, and students of these disciplines will find here: * The most comprehensive, in-depth, and up-to-date overview of the subject * Hundreds of stunning photographs and design illustrations * A scholarly yet accessible treatment, drawing on the latest research in archaeology, geography, and other disciplines * The authors' own firsthand observations and travel experiences * Insight into the evolution of landscape architecture as a discipline * Useful chapter summaries and bibliographies

Landscape Development and Climate Change in Southwest Bulgaria (Pirin Mountains)

Landscape Development and Climate Change in Southwest Bulgaria (Pirin Mountains)
A Book

by Karsten Grunewald,Jörg Scheithauer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-11-11
  • Pages : 161
  • ISBN : 9789048199594
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Landscape Development and Climate Change in Southwest Bulgaria aims to address some of the current limitations in our understanding of past Balkan climate and environment. High mountains and their ecosystems offer an outstanding opportunity for studies on the impact of climate change. The Balkan Mountains in Southeast Europe, situated at the transition between temperate and Mediterranean climate, are considered as very sensitive to historical and current global changes. The geoarchives lake sediment, peat and soil, long living trees and glaciers have been used to reconstruct the climatically-driven change of forest and treeline during the Holocene and the younger past. These processes are interrelated with complex ecological changes, as for example the seasonality of climate parameters. The landscape research approach with the analyses through multi-palaeo-geoecological proxies is new for the Balkans.

Iberia, Land of Glaciers

Iberia, Land of Glaciers
How The Mountains Were Shaped By Glaciers

by Marc Oliva,David Palacios,José M. Fernández-Fernández

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-09-22
  • Pages : 618
  • ISBN : 0128219696
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Iberia, Land of Glaciers: How The Mountains Were Shaped By Glaciers discusses the impact of past glaciers in the current landscape of Iberia. Currently, there are only small glaciers in the highest peaks of the Pyrenees that are the legacy of the last cold period that ended at the end of the 19th century: The Little Ice Age. However, an accurate observation of the landscape of the highest peaks and adjacent valleys of the Iberian Peninsula reveals a past shaped by the successive passage of glaciers with hundreds of meters of ice, similar to what happens today in the Alps or Patagonia. Iberian glaciation has resulted in ice expansion through valleys that are now used by the road network and where important populations settle; in addition, large accumulations of sediments deposited by those glaciers are still unstable today and can trigger risks for mountain populations. Iberia, Land of Glaciers presents the impact of the glaciers in the landscape of mountains following a more educational perspective with examples of 21 Iberian massifs written by specialists from each of the areas. Assesses present-day Iberian Peninsula landscape trends by understanding the past behavior of glaciers Includes the latest findings of all the major Iberian mountains in a single book Includes quality, color figures to enhance understanding of glacier formations Provides a more educational and pedagogical perspective on glacial processes to reach an audience beyond academia

Quaternary Glaciation in the Mediterranean Mountains

Quaternary Glaciation in the Mediterranean Mountains
A Book

by P.D. Hughes,J.C. Woodward

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2017-01-30
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1862397473
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The mountains of the Mediterranean world are now largely ice free, but many were repeatedly glaciated during the Quaternary ice age. This created spectacular glaciated landscapes with a rich array of glacial deposits and landforms. The glacial and glacio-fluvial records are often very well preserved and our understanding of the timing of Quaternary glaciation has very recently been transformed through the application of dating methods utilizing uranium-series and cosmogenic isotopes. Glacial records from the Mediterranean now boast some of the most robust chronologies for mountain glaciation anywhere in the world – they represent a unique archive of Quaternary environmental change of global significance. The southerly latitude and relatively small size of Mediterranean glaciers rendered them especially sensitive to Pleistocene and Holocene climate changes. This volume brings together the leading researchers and the latest research on Mediterranean glaciation. Several papers also explore glacier behaviour in the Holocene – including those glaciers of southernmost Europe at risk of disappearing this century.

Development of European Landscapes

Development of European Landscapes
Conference Proceedings

by Ülo Mander,Anu Printsmann,Hannes Palang,Tartu Ülikool. Geograafia Instituut

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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European Prehistory

European Prehistory
A Survey

by Sarunas Milisauskas

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 449
  • ISBN : 1461507510
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sarunas Milisauskas· 1.1 INTRODUCTION The purpose of this book is four-fold: to introduce English-speaking students and scholars to some of the outstanding archaeological research that has been done in Europe in recent years; to integrate this research into an anthropological frame of reference; to address episodes of culture change such as the transition to farming; the origin of complex societies, and the origin of urbanism, and to provide an overview of European prehistory from the earliest appearance of humans to the rise of the Roman empire. In 1978, the Academic Press published my book European Prehistory which, typically for that period, emphasized cultural evolution, culture process, technology, environment, and economy. To produce a new version and an up- to-date prehistory of Europe, I have invited contributions from specialists in the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages. Thus while this version of European Prehistory is a new book, however, it still incorporates some data from the 1978 version, particularly in The Present Environment and Neolithic chapters. Like its predecessor, this edition is structured around selected general topics, such as technology, trade, settlement, warfare, and ritual.

Desolate Landscapes

Desolate Landscapes
Ice-Age Settlement in Eastern Europe

by John F. Hoffecker

  • Publisher : Rutgers University Press
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 9780813529929
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The burning question, of course, is why a creature that originated in cozy tropical Africa would go live in a cold and dry place, especially at its coldest and driest, between 300,000 and 12,000 years ago. Alas, no pioneer journals survive, at least translated into a modern European language; and Hoffecker (U. of Colorado-Boulder), a specialist in the archaeology of people in cold environments, true to his sources, remains silent on the issue. He summarizes the Ice Age settlement of Eastern European during the transition from Neanderthals to immediate human ancestors, within the context of human evolution as a whole. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Geomorphology of Europe

Geomorphology of Europe
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
  • Release : 2016-01-06
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1349173460
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Europe's Living Landscapes

Europe's Living Landscapes
Essays Exploring Our Identity in the Countryside

by Bas Pedroli,Anne van Doorn,Geert de Blust

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2007-01-01
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9004278079
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Landscape is one of the most fascinating assets of Europe. The great diversity in landscapes reflects a multitude of historical layers. This book presents the story of some of the most expressive European landscapes. It explores how engagement may safeguard and improve landscape identity for the future.

Monuments in the Making

Monuments in the Making
Raising the Great Dolmens in Early Neolithic Northern Europe

by Vicki Cummings,Colin Richards

  • Publisher : Windgather Press
  • Release : 2021-11-30
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1911188461
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dolmens are iconic international monumental constructions which represent the first megalithic architecture (after menhirs) in north-west Europe. These monuments are characterised by an enormous capstone balanced on top of smaller uprights. However, previous investigations of these extraordinary monuments have focussed on three main areas of debate. First, typology has been a dominant feature of discussion, particularly the position of dolmens in the ordering of chambered tombs. Second, attention has been placed not on how they were built but how they were used. Finally much debate has centred on their visual appearance (whether they were covered by mounds or cairns). This book provides a reappraisal of the ‘dolmen’ as an architectural entity and provides an alternative perspective on function. This is achieved through a re-theorising of the nature of megalithic architecture grounded in the results of a new research/fieldwork project covering Britain, Ireland and Scandinavia. It is argued that instead of understanding dolmen simply as chambered tombs these were multi-faceted monuments whose construction was as much to do with enchantment and captivation as it was with containing the dead. Consequently, the presence of human remains within dolmens is also critically evaluated and a new interpretation offered.

Climate Change and Human Impact on the Landscape

Climate Change and Human Impact on the Landscape
Studies in palaeoecology and environmental archaeology

by F. M. Chambers

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 303
  • ISBN : 9401091765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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I am pleased to present this volume of invited reviews and research case studies, produced to mark the retirement of Professor A. G. Smith - one of the leading researchers in Holocene palaeoecology. A. G. Smith took his first degree at the University of Sheffield, graduating in 1951 with a first-class honours degree in Botany. His doctorate was awarded in 1956 for a study in late-Quaternary vege tational history, based in the Sub-Department of Quaternary Research at the University of Cambridge, under the supervision of the late Sir Harry Godwin, FRS. He then researched and taught at Queen's University, Belfast, from 1954, leading the Nuffield Quaternary Research Unit there, becoming Co-Director of the Palaeoecology Laboratory from 1964. He was appointed Professor and Head of the Department of Botany (later, Plant Science) at University College, Cardiff, in 1973, and retired from the School of Pure and Applied Biology at the renamed University of Wales College, Cardiff, in August 1991. Although his principal interests have been concerned with the post-glacial environmental history of the British Isles, Professor Smith has significantly in fluenced many researchers elsewhere in their interpretation of biological and other evidence for human modification of the natural environment.

Glacial Systems and Landforms

Glacial Systems and Landforms
A Virtual Interactive Experience

by Ryan C. Bell

  • Publisher : Anthem Press
  • Release : 2013-08-01
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN : 0857280899
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This interactive guide serves to make glacial systems and landforms more accessible, as students use Google Earth and other satellite imagery to understand the patterns and processes found within glacial environments. Guided inquiry activities range from calculating the Mendenhall Glacier’s rate of melting to identifying erosional landforms in the Swiss Alps. In this way, the guide offers a virtual interactive experience in which students can visit and explore glacial systems and landforms in 3D. Through studying these images the student will not only start to recognize the forms commonly found within glacial landscapes, but also develop skills in map analysis and interpretation.

Landscapes and Landforms of England and Wales

Landscapes and Landforms of England and Wales
A Book

by Andrew Goudie,Piotr Migoń

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-05-10
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN : 303038957X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the geomorphological diversity of England and Wales. These regions are characterised by an extraordinary range of landforms and landscapes, reflecting both the occurrence of many different rock types and drastic climatic changes over the last few million years, including ice sheet expansion and decay. The book begins by providing the geological and geomorphological context needed in order to understand this diversity in a relatively small area. In turn, it presents nearly thirty case studies on specific landscapes and landforms, all of which are landmarks in the territory discussed. These include the famous coastal cliffs and landslides, granite tors of Dartmoor, formerly glaciated mountains of Snowdonia and the Lake District, karst of Yorkshire, and many others. The geomorphology of London and the Thames is also included. Providing a unique reference guide to the geomorphology of England and Wales, the book is lavishly illustrated with diagrams, colour maps and photos, and written in an easy-to-read style. The contributing authors are distinguished geomorphologists with extensive experience in research, writing and communicating science to the public. The book will not only be of interest to geoscientists, but will also benefit specialists in landscape research, geoconservation, tourism and environmental protection.