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Evolution: a Very Short Introduction

Evolution: a Very Short Introduction
A Book

by Brian Charlesworth,Deborah Charlesworth

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017-06-22
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0198804369
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Less than 450 years ago, all European scholars believed that the Earth was at the centre of a Universe that was at most a few million miles in extent, and that the planets, sun, and stars all rotated around this centre. Less than 250 years ago, they believed that the Universe was createdessentially in its present state about 6000 years ago. Even less than 150 years ago, the view that living species were the result of special creation by God was still dominant. The recognition by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace of the mechanism of evolution by natural selection hascompletely transformed our understanding of the living world, including our own origins. In this Very Short Introduction Brian and Deborah Charlesworth provide a clear and concise summary of the process of evolution by natural selection, and how natural selection gives rise to adaptations and eventually, over many generations, to new species. They introduce the central concepts of thefield of evolutionary biology, as they have developed since Darwin and Wallace on the subject, over 140 years ago, and discuss some of the remaining questions regarding processes. They highlight the wide range of evidence for evolution, and the importance of an evolutionary understanding forinstance in combating the rapid evolution of resistance by bacteria to antibiotics and of HIV to antiviral drugs. This reissue includes some key updates to the main text and a completely updated Further Reading section.ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Institutions and the Evolution of Modern Business

Institutions and the Evolution of Modern Business
A Book

by Mark Casson,Mary B. Rose

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 9780714648453
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The nine contributions in this volume attempt to demonstrate the applications of institutional theory to business history and show how the wider study of the institutional environment is inseparable from the study of business. Contributions include an evaluation of community structure and competitive advantage within the Yorkshire woolen industry; a comparative view of financial reconstruction and industrial reorganization in British and Swedish institutions during the Inter-War period; and post- war strategic capitalism in Norway. Paper edition (unseen), $19.50. Distributed by ISBS. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Evolution

Evolution
The Human Story

by Alice Roberts

  • Publisher : Dorling Kindersley Ltd
  • Release : 2018-07-05
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0241365805
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Travel back in time eight million years to explore the roots of the human family tree. Interweaving latest discoveries, maps, and incredible illustrations, Evolution tells the story of our origins and helps us better understand our species, from tree-dwelling primates to modern 21st-century humans. Renowned Dutch paleoartists the Kennis brothers bring our ancestors to life with their beautiful, accurate reconstructions that visually trace each step in our evolutionary history. Combined with clear prose, this comprehensive yet accessible book provides a rich history of each stage of human evolution, from human anatomy and behaviour to the environment we live in. It also explains how Homo sapiens originated, evolved, and then migrated and colonized the entire planet. Written and authenticated by a team of experts and with a foreword by Dr Alice Roberts, Evolution is a sweeping account of humans and our place in it.

EVOLUTION RELOADED

EVOLUTION RELOADED
A Book

by Taachal

  • Publisher : Author Taachal
  • Release : 2021-03-11
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Every conscious person on the earth is curious to know how the species of human beings along with other living systems as well as the whole universe came into existence. The theory of Darwin which ignited the imaginations of many generations of thinking people all over the world even to this day is no more than a hypothesis, except for the concept of speciation which can be a working principle to understand about minor changes that a species undergoes over a period of time. In this new theory of evolution, in what can be called as a syncretism of the ideas of the East and the West, the author takes a convincing turn from the realm of external attributes or the form of an organism to the realm of internal attributes or the life of an organism to unfurl a new hypothesis which can give more logical answers to the mysteries of evolution.

Artificial Evolution

Artificial Evolution
10th International Conference, Evolution Artificielle, EA 2011, Angers, France, October 24-26, 2011, Revised Selected Papers

by Jin-Kao Hao,Pierrick Legrand,Pierre Collet,Nicolas Monmarché,Evelyne Lutton,Marc Schoenauer

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2012-11-28
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 3642355331
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes selected best papers from the 10th International Conference on Artificial Evolution, EA 2011, held in Angers, France, in October 2011. Initially, 33 full papers and 10 post papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 64 submissions. This book presents the 19 best papers selected from these contributions. The papers are organized in topical sections on ant colony optimization; multi-objective optimization; analysis; implementation and robotics; combinatorial optimization; learning and parameter tuning; new nature inspired models; probabilistic algorithms; theory and evolutionary search; and applications.

Mutation-Driven Evolution

Mutation-Driven Evolution
A Book

by Masatoshi Nei

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2013-05-02
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0199661731
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The purpose of this book is to present a new theory of mutation-driven evolution, which is based on recent advances in genomics and evolutionary developmental biology. This theory asserts that the driving force of evolution is mutation and natural selection is of secondary importance.

Handbook of Grammatical Evolution

Handbook of Grammatical Evolution
A Book

by Conor Ryan,Michael O'Neill,JJ Collins

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-09-11
  • Pages : 497
  • ISBN : 3319787179
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook offers a comprehensive treatise on Grammatical Evolution (GE), a grammar-based Evolutionary Algorithm that employs a function to map binary strings into higher-level structures such as programs. GE's simplicity and modular nature make it a very flexible tool. Since its introduction almost twenty years ago, researchers have applied it to a vast range of problem domains, including financial modelling, parallel programming and genetics. Similarly, much work has been conducted to exploit and understand the nature of its mapping scheme, triggering additional research on everything from different grammars to alternative mappers to initialization. The book first introduces GE to the novice, providing a thorough description of GE along with historical key advances. Two sections follow, each composed of chapters from international leading researchers in the field. The first section concentrates on analysis of GE and its operation, giving valuable insight into set up and deployment. The second section consists of seven chapters describing radically different applications of GE. The contributions in this volume are beneficial to both novices and experts alike, as they detail the results and researcher experiences of applying GE to large scale and difficult problems. Topics include: • Grammar design • Bias in GE • Mapping in GE • Theory of disruption in GE · Structured GE · Geometric semantic GE · GE and semantics · Multi- and Many-core heterogeneous parallel GE · Comparing methods to creating constants in GE · Financial modelling with GE · Synthesis of parallel programs on multi-cores · Design, architecture and engineering with GE · Computational creativity and GE · GE in the prediction of glucose for diabetes · GE approaches to bioinformatics and system genomics · GE with coevolutionary algorithms in cybersecurity · Evolving behaviour trees with GE for platform games · Business analytics and GE for the prediction of patient recruitment in multicentre clinical trials

Artificial Evolution

Artificial Evolution
5th International Conference, Evolution Artificielle, EA 2001, Le Creusot, France, October 29-31, 2001. Selected Papers

by Pierre Collet,Cyril Fonlupt,Jin-Kao Hao,Evelyne Lutton,Marc Schoenauer

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2003-08-01
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 3540460330
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Evolution Arti?cielle cycle of conferences was originally initiated as a forum for the French-speaking evolutionary computation community. Previous EA m- tings were held in Toulouse (EA’94), Brest (EA’95, LNCS 1063), Nˆ?mes (EA’97, LNCS 1363), Dunkerque (EA’99, LNCS 1829), and ?nally, EA 2001 was hosted by the Universit ́e de Bourgogne in the small town of Le Creusot, in an area of France renowned for its excellent wines. However, the EA conferences have been receiving more and more papers from the international community: this conference can be considered fully internat- nal, with 39submissions from non-francophonic countries on all ?ve continents, out of a total of 68. Out of these 68 papers, only 28 were presented orally (41%) due to the formula of the conference (single session with presentations of 30 minutes) that all participants seem to appreciate a lot. The Organizing Committee wishes to thank the members of the International Program Committee for their hard work (mainly due to the large number of submissions) and for the service they rendered to the community by ensuring the high scienti?c content of the papers presented. Actually, the overall quality of the papers presented was very high and all 28 presentations are included in this volume, grouped in 8 sections which more or less re?ect the organization of the oral session: 1. Invited Paper: P. Bentley gave a great talk on his classi?cation of int- disciplinary collaborations, and showed us some of his work with musicians and biologists.

Cultural Evolution

Cultural Evolution
Contemporary Viewpoints

by Gary M. Feinman,Linda Manzanilla

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 269
  • ISBN : 1461541735
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Drawing on Kent Flannery's forty years of cross-cultural research in the area, the contributors to this collection reflect the current diversity of contemporary approaches to the study of cultural evolutionary processes. Collectively the volume expresses the richness of the issues being investigated by comparative theorists interested in long-term change, as well as the wide variety of data, approaches, and ideas that researchers are employing to examine these questions.

Integrated Molecular Evolution

Integrated Molecular Evolution
A Book

by Scott Orland Rogers

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-07-27
  • Pages : 391
  • ISBN : 1466503106
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular evolution, phylogenetics, genomics, and other related topics are all critical to understanding evolutionary processes. All too frequently, however, they are treated separately in textbooks and courses, such that students fail to connect all of the concepts, principles, and nuances of the evolutionary processes. Integrated Molecular Evolution brings these related areas together in one volume, facilitating student comprehension of often difficult concepts. Incorporating the emerging fields of genomics and bioinformatics with traditional fields such as evolution, genetics, and molecular biology, this volume explores a myriad of topics, including Life on Earth and the possible origins of life The evolution of organisms on Earth and the history of the study of evolution Basic structures of DNA, RNA, proteins, and other biological molecules, and the synthesis of each Molecular biology and the evolution, structure, and function of ribosomes DNA replication and the various ways in which chromosomes are separated Ways in which DNA can be changed to produce mutations, infectious causes of mutation, and repair of DNA Definitions, evolution, and the importance of multigene families Phylogenetic analysis and how researchers use the raw sequence data to reconstruct portions of evolutionary processes Details of the genomes of a variety of organisms, from RNA viruses to eukaryotes, presented in order of complexity Each chapter ends with a summary of key points, forming an effective review and enabling students to isolate critical material. The series of topics and the masterful integration of these topics lead students to a full understanding of evolution and the component processes that have led to biological evolution on Earth.

On the Evolution of Human Behavior

On the Evolution of Human Behavior
The Argument from Animals to Man

by Peter C. Reynolds

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9780520044166
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Challenging many of the premises of conventional anthropological theory, 'On the evolution of human behavior' draws on recent evidence from psychobiology, linguistics, and ethology to trace the evolution of human social behavior from that of other primates. Rejecting the assumption that significant behavioral discrepancies between man and other primate species stem from equally significant psychological differences, Reynolds argues instead that small evolutionary changes may result in greatly increased complexity of behavior. His frankly ethological theory of human origins assumes that reason and instinct evolve together and that instinctual mechanisms are necessary for the emergence of human culture." -- book cover.

Darwinian Sociocultural Evolution

Darwinian Sociocultural Evolution
Solutions to Dilemmas in Cultural and Social Theory

by Marion Blute

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2010-01-14
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1139485113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Social scientists can learn a lot from evolutionary biology - from systematics and principles of evolutionary ecology to theories of social interaction including competition, conflict and cooperation, as well as niche construction, complexity, eco-evo-devo, and the role of the individual in evolutionary processes. Darwinian sociocultural evolutionary theory applies the logic of Darwinism to social-learning based cultural and social change. With a multidisciplinary approach for graduate biologists, philosophers, sociologists, anthropologists, social psychologists, archaeologists, linguists, economists, political scientists and science and technology specialists, the author presents this model of evolution drawing on a number of sophisticated aspects of biological evolutionary theory. The approach brings together a broad and inclusive theoretical framework for understanding the social sciences which addresses many of the dilemmas at their forefront - the relationship between history and necessity, conflict and cooperation, the ideal and the material and the problems of agency, subjectivity and the nature of social structure.

Religious Evolution and the Axial Age

Religious Evolution and the Axial Age
From Shamans to Priests to Prophets

by Stephen K. Sanderson

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2018-01-25
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1350047449
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Religious Evolution and the Axial Age describes and explains the evolution of religion over the past ten millennia. It shows that an overall evolutionary sequence can be observed, running from the spirit and shaman dominated religions of small-scale societies, to the archaic religions of the ancient civilizations, and then to the salvation religions of the Axial Age. Stephen K. Sanderson draws on ideas from new cognitive and evolutionary psychological theories, as well as comparative religion, anthropology, history, and sociology. He argues that religion is a biological adaptation that evolved in order to solve a number of human problems, especially those concerned with existential anxiety and ontological insecurity. Much of the focus of the book is on the Axial Age, the period in the second half of the first millennium BCE that marked the greatest religious transformation in world history. The book demonstrates that, as a result of massive increases in the scale and scope of war and large-scale urbanization, the problems of existential anxiety and ontological insecurity became particularly acute. These changes evoked new religious needs, especially for salvation and release from suffering. As a result entirely new religions-Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism-arose to help people cope with the demands of the new historical era.

Binary and Multiple Stars as Tracers of Stellar Evolution

Binary and Multiple Stars as Tracers of Stellar Evolution
Proceedings of the 69th Colloquium of the International Astronomical Union, Held in Bamberg, F.R.G., August 31 – September 3, 1981

by Zdenek Kopal,Jürgen H. Rahe

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 9400978618
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the 69th Colloquium of the International Astronomical Union held in Bamberg, F.R.G., August 31-September 3, 1981

The Evolution of the Rheic Ocean

The Evolution of the Rheic Ocean
From Avalonian-Cadomian Active Margin to Alleghenian-Variscan Collision

by Ulf Linnemann

  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 630
  • ISBN : 0813724236
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geological evolution of middle to late Paleozoic rocks in the Avalon terrane of northern mainland Nova Scotia, Canadian Appalachians: a record of tectonothermal activity along the northern margin of the Rheic Ocean in the Appalachian-Caledonide orogen.

The Ecology and Evolution of Heliconius Butterflies

The Ecology and Evolution of Heliconius Butterflies
A Book

by Chris D. Jiggins

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017-01-27
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0192509071
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Heliconius butterflies are one of the classic systems in evolutionary biology and have contributed hugely to our understanding of evolution over the last 150 years. Their dramatic radiation and remarkable mimicry has fascinated biologists since the days of Bates, Wallace, and Darwin. The Ecology and Evolution of Heliconius Butterflies is the first thorough and accessible treatment of the ecology, genetics, and behaviour of these butterflies, exploring how they offer remarkable insights into tropical biodiversity. The book starts by outlining some of the evolutionary questions that Heliconius research has helped to address, then moves on to an overview of the butterflies themselves and their ecology and behaviour before focussing on wing pattern evolution, and finally, speciation. Richly illustrated with 32 colour plates, this book makes the extensive scientific literature on Heliconius butterflies accessible to a wide audience of professional ecologists, evolutionary biologists, entomologists, and amateur collectors.

Introducing Evolution

Introducing Evolution
A Graphic Guide

by Dylan Evans

  • Publisher : Icon Books Ltd
  • Release : 2015-03-14
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 1848319738
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 1859, Charles Darwin shocked the world with a radical theory - evolution by natural selection. One hundred and fifty years later, his theory still challenges some of our most precious beliefs. Introducing Evolution provides a step-by-step guide to 'Darwin's dangerous idea' and takes a fresh look at the often misunderstood concepts of natural selection and the selfish gene. Drawing on the latest findings from genetics, ecology and animal behaviour- as well as the work of best-selling science writers such as Richard Dawkins and Steven Pinker- this book reveals how the evidence in favour of evolutionary theory is stronger than ever.

Evolution, Games, and God

Evolution, Games, and God
A Book

by Martin A. Nowak

  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 2013-05-07
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 0674075536
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Evolution, Games, and God explores how cooperation and altruism, alongside mutation and natural selection, play a critical role in evolution, from microbes to human societies. Inheriting a tendency to cooperate and self-sacrifice on behalf of others may be as beneficial to a population’s survival as the self-preserving instincts of individuals.

Multimodal Mating Signals: Evolution, Genetics and Physiological Background

Multimodal Mating Signals: Evolution, Genetics and Physiological Background
A Book

by Astrid T. Groot,Varvara Yu. Vedenina

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-02-17
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889664880
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Genetics and Evolution of Aquatic Organisms

Genetics and Evolution of Aquatic Organisms
A Book

by A. Beaumont

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1994-03-31
  • Pages : 539
  • ISBN : 9780412493706
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume brings together, for the first time, a wide range of up-to-the-minute and traditional techniques and approaches to the study of genetics of organisms living in freshwater or marine habitats. Carefully edited chapters are headed by broad review articles against which are set a number of more specific experience papers which demonstrate the breadth and range of approaches currently being undertaken.