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Evolutionary Neuroscience

Evolutionary Neuroscience
A Book

by Jon H. Kaas

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-07-28
  • Pages : 1038
  • ISBN : 9780123751683
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Evolutionary Neuroscience is a collection of articles in brain evolution selected from the recent comprehensive reference, Evolution of Nervous Systems (Elsevier, Academic Press, 2007). The selected chapters cover a broad range of topics from historical theory to the most recent deductions from comparative studies of brains. The articles are organized in sections focused on theories and brain scaling, the evolution of brains from early vertebrates to present-day fishes, amphibians, reptiles and birds, the evolution of mammalian brains, and the evolution of primate brains, including human brains. Each chapter is written by a leader or leaders in the field, and has been reviewed by other experts. Specific topics include brain character reconstruction, principles of brain scaling, basic features of vertebrate brains, the evolution of the major sensory systems, and other parts of brains, what we can learn from fossils, the origin of neocortex, and the evolution of specializations of human brains. The collection of articles will be interesting to anyone who is curious about how brains evolved from the simpler nervous systems of the first vertebrates into the many different complex forms now found in present-day vertebrates. This book would be of use to students at the graduate or undergraduate levels, as well as professional neuroscientists, cognitive scientists, and psychologists. Together, the chapters provide a comprehensive list of further reading and references for those who want to inquire further. • The most comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date single volume collection on brain evolution • Full color throughout, with many illustrations • Written by leading scholars and experts

The Wiley Handbook of Evolutionary Neuroscience

The Wiley Handbook of Evolutionary Neuroscience
A Book

by Stephen V. Shepherd

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-01-30
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 1119994691
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive and authoritative, The Wiley Handbook of Evolutionary Neuroscience unifies the diverse strands of an interdisciplinary field exploring the evolution of brains and cognition. A comprehensive reference that unifies the diverse interests and approaches associated with the neuroscientific study of brain evolution and the emergence of cognition Tackles some of the biggest questions in neuroscience including what brains are for, what factors constrain their biological development, and how they evolve and interact Provides a broad and balanced view of the subject, reviewing both vertebrate and invertebrate anatomy and emphasizing their shared origins and mechanisms Features contributions from highly respected scholars in their fields

Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience

Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience
A Book

by Steven Platek,Julian Keenan,Todd Shackelford

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 616
  • ISBN : 0262162415
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An essential reference for the new discipline of evolutionary cognitive neuroscience that defines the field's approach of applying evolutionary theory to guide brain-behavior investigations.

Foundations in Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience

Foundations in Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience
A Book

by Steven M. Platek,Todd K. Shackelford

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2009-02-26
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0521884217
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An essential primer presenting major topics of study undertaken by evolutionary cognitive neuroscientists.

Evolutionary Psychology: Neuroscience Perspectives concerning Human Behavior and Experience

Evolutionary Psychology: Neuroscience Perspectives concerning Human Behavior and Experience
Neuroscience Perspectives Concerning Human Behavior and Experience

by William J. Ray

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2012-01-17
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1412995892
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book brings together current perspectives concerning the manner in which human mind, behavior and experience evolved. In addition to the traditional psychological literature, it draws from work in the cognitive and affective neurosciences, ethology, and genetics. The focus will be on a unification and integration of evolutionary understandings within a broader consideration.

The Evolutionary Neuroethology of Paul MacLean

The Evolutionary Neuroethology of Paul MacLean
Convergences and Frontiers

by Gerald A. Cory,Russell Gardner

  • Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0275972194
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cory, Gardner, and their contributors argue that how the brain is constructed determines how people behave socially. This has been a neglected thesis, except for a few pioneers, of whom Paul MacLean has been most outstanding. His animal observations, brain research, and evolutionary formulations have formed the basis of new important initiatives discussed in this collection.

From Ecology to Brain Development: Bridging Separate Evolutionary Paradigms

From Ecology to Brain Development: Bridging Separate Evolutionary Paradigms
A Book

by Francisco Aboitiz,Miguel L. Concha,Christian González-Billault,Jorge Mpodozis

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2018-09-14
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889455572
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The nervous system is the product of biological evolution and is shaped by the interplay between extrinsic factors determining the ecology of animals, and by intrinsic processes that dictate the developmental rules that give rise to adult functional structures. This special topic is oriented to develop an integrative view from behavior and ecology to neurodevelopmental processes. We address questions such as how do sensory systems evolve according to ecological conditions? How do neural networks organize to generate adaptive behavior? How does cognition and brain connectivity evolve? What are the developmental mechanisms that give rise to functional adaptation? Accordingly, the book is divided in three sections, (i) Evolution of sensorimotor systems; (ii) Cognitive computations and neural circuits, and (iii) Development and brain evolution. We hope that this initiative will support an interdisciplinary program that addresses the nervous system as a unified organ, subject to both functional and developmental constraints, where the final outcome results of a compromise between different parameters rather than being the result of several single variables acting independently of each other.

Handbook of Contemporary Behavioral Economics

Handbook of Contemporary Behavioral Economics
Foundations and Developments

by Morris Altman

  • Publisher : M.E. Sharpe
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 762
  • ISBN : 9780765618900
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Evolutionary Neuroscience

Evolutionary Neuroscience
A Book

by Jon H. Kaas

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-05-30
  • Pages : 962
  • ISBN : 0128206063
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Evolutionary Neuroscience, Second Edition, is a collection of chapters on brain evolution that combines selected topics from the recent comprehensive reference, Evolution of Nervous Systems (Elsevier, Academic Press, 2017, 9780128040423). The selected chapters cover a broad range of topics, from historical theory, to the most recent deductions from comparative studies of brains. The articles are organized in sections focused on history, concepts and theory, the evolution of brains from early vertebrates to present-day fishes, amphibians, reptiles and birds, the evolution of mammalian brains, and the evolution of primate brains, including human brains. Each chapter is written by a leader or leaders in the field. Specific topics include brain character reconstruction, principles of brain scaling, basic features of vertebrate brains, the evolution of the major sensory systems, other parts of brains, what we can learn from fossils, the origin of neocortex, and the evolution of specializations of human brains. The collection of articles will be interesting to anyone who is curious about how brains evolved from the simpler nervous systems of the first vertebrates into the many different complex forms now found in present-day vertebrates. Provides the most comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date single volume collection on brain evolution Presents a full color treatment, with many illustrations Written by leading scholars and experts Features chapters on brain character reconstruction, principles of brain scaling, basic features of vertebrate brains, the evolution of the major sensory systems, and other parts of brains Discusses what we can learn from fossils, the origin of neocortex, and the evolution of specializations of human brains

Evolutionary Economics: Program and Scope

Evolutionary Economics: Program and Scope
A Book

by Kurt Dopfer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 9401006482
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Evolutionary Economics: Program and Scope offers a fresh look at the paradigmatic foundations and basic theoretical propositions of economics. Twelve authors - each of them with his own distinct contribution to economics - make a step forward by reinterpreting major areas of micro and macroeconomics in line with modern evolutionary thinking. This volume offers a unified approach to economics that allows recent developments in various strands of Evolutionary Economics to be integrated and major positions of Neoclassical Economics to be reconsidered. The chapters on `Evolutionary Macro Economics' explore macro areas such as the division of labor and knowledge, technology and institutions, population thinking, meso economics, techno-economic trajectories and industrial sectors. By telescoping structure into time, they highlight the processes of structural change and co-evolution between technologies and institutions, and provide a causal-explanatory core for a modern - evolutionary - theory of economic growth and economic development. The chapters on `Evolutionary Micro Economics' offer insights into the knowledge based theories of the firm and take up the issues of cognitive and behavioral routines. The contributions explore the processes of complex human choice, creativity, and adaptation in selective and path-dependent environments. The discussions make an essential contribution to the cognitive and behavioral foundations of a modern institutional economics.

Music, Neurology, and Neuroscience: Evolution, the Musical Brain, Medical Conditions, and Therapies

Music, Neurology, and Neuroscience: Evolution, the Musical Brain, Medical Conditions, and Therapies
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-03-02
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 0444635521
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Did you ever ask whether music makes people smart, why a Parkinson patient's gait is improved with marching tunes, and whether Robert Schumann was suffering from schizophrenia or Alzheimer's disease? This broad but comprehensive book deals with history and new discoveries about music and the brain. It provides a multi-disciplinary overview on music processing, its effects on brain plasticity, and the healing power of music in neurological and psychiatric disorders. In this context, the disorders the plagued famous musicians and how they affected both performance and composition are critically discussed, and music as medicine, as well as music as a potential health hazard are examined. Among the other topics covered are: how music fit into early conceptions of localization of function in the brain, the cultural roots of music in evolution, and the important roles played by music in societies and educational systems. Topic: Music is interesting to almost everybody Orientation: This book looks at music and the brain both historically and in the light of the latest research findings Comprehensiveness: This is the largest and most comprehensive volume on "music and neurology" ever written! Quality of authors: This volume is written by a unique group of real world experts representing a variety of fields, ranging from history of science and medicine to neurology and musicology

Religious Beliefs, Evolutionary Psychiatry, and Mental Health in America

Religious Beliefs, Evolutionary Psychiatry, and Mental Health in America
Evolutionary Threat Assessment Systems Theory

by Kevin J. Flannelly

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-04-08
  • Pages : 341
  • ISBN : 3319524887
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a new perspective on the association between religious beliefs and mental health. The book is divided into five parts, the first of which traces the development of theories of organic evolution in the cultural and religious context before Charles Darwin. Part II describes the major evolutionary theories that Darwin proposed in his three books on evolution, and the religious, sociological, and scientific reactions to his theories. Part III introduces the reader to the concept of evolutionary psychiatry. It discusses how different regions of the brain evolved over time, and explains that certain brain regions evolved to protect us from danger by assessing threats of harm in the environment, including other humans. Specifically, this part describes: how psychiatric symptoms that are commonly experienced by normal individuals during their everyday lives are the product of brain mechanisms that evolved to protect us from harm; the prevalence rate of psychiatric symptoms in the U.S. general population; how religious and other beliefs influence the brain mechanisms that underlie psychiatric symptoms; and the brain regions that are involved in different psychiatric disorders. Part IV presents the findings of U.S. studies demonstrating that positive beliefs about God and life-after-death, and belief in meaning-in-life and divine forgiveness have salutary associations with mental health, whereas negative beliefs about God and life-after-death, belief in the Devil and human evil, and doubts about one’s religious beliefs have pernicious associations with mental health. The last part of the book summarizes each section and recommends research on the brain mechanism underlying psychiatric symptoms, and the relationships among these brain mechanisms, religious beliefs, and mental health in the context of ETAS Theory.

The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Volume 2

The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Volume 2
Integrations

by David M. Buss

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-09-29
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 1118755855
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A complete exploration of the real-world applications and implications of evolutionary psychology The exciting and sometimes controversial science of evolutionary psychology is becoming increasingly relevant to more fields of study than ever before. The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Volume 2, Integrations provides students and researchers with new insight into how EP draws from, and is applied in, fields as diverse as economics, anthropology, neuroscience, genetics, and political science, among others. In this thorough revision and expansion of the groundbreaking handbook, luminaries in the field provide an in-depth exploration of the foundations of evolutionary psychology as they relate to public policy, consumer behavior, organizational leadership, and legal issues. Evolutionary psychology seeks to explain the reasons behind friendship, leadership, warfare, morality, religion, and culture — in short, what it means to be human. This enlightening text provides a foundational knowledgebase in EP, along with expert insights and the most up-to-date coverage of recent theories and findings. Explore the vast and expanding applications of evolutionary psychology Discover the psychology of human survival, mating parenting, cooperation and conflict, culture, and more Identify how evolutionary psychology is interwoven with other academic subjects and traditional psychological disciplines Discuss future applications of the conceptual tools of evolutionary psychology As the established standard in the field, The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Volume 2 is the definitive guide for every psychologist and student to understand the latest and most exciting applications of evolutionary psychology.

Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry

Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry
Advances and Perspectives

by Multiple authors

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-02-19
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 953513857X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 2016, it was 60 years since the eminent Soviet researcher, a disciple and a successor of Ivan Pavlov, Leon Orbeli had proclaimed the birth of a new branch of physiology, evolutionary physiology. In the same year, his ideas were embodied in the foundation in Leningrad, now Saint Petersburg, of the present Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences. This anniversary book includes the selected works carried out recently by his followers at the same institute. While addressing some hot aspects of evolutionary physiology and biochemistry, they demonstrate that this branch of physiology really represents a discipline in its own right.

Developmental Approaches to Human Evolution

Developmental Approaches to Human Evolution
A Book

by Julia C. Boughner,Campbell Rolian

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-01-22
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 1118524748
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Developmental Approaches to Human Evolution encapsulates the current state of evolutionary developmental anthropology. This emerging scientific field applies tools and approaches from modern developmental biology to understand the role of genetic and developmental processes in driving morphological and cognitive evolution in humans, non-human primates and in the laboratory organisms used to model these changes. Featuring contributions from well-established pioneers and emerging leaders, this volume is designed to build research momentum and catalyze future innovation in this burgeoning field. The book’s broad research scope encompasses soft and hard tissues of the head and body, including the skeleton, special senses and the brain. Developmental Approaches to Human Evolution is an invaluable resource on the mechanisms of primate and vertebrate evolution for scholars across a wide array of intersecting disciplines, including primatology, paleoanthropology, vertebrate morphology, evolutionary developmental biology and health sciences.

Cerebral Lateralization and Cognition: Evolutionary and Developmental Investigations of Behavioral Biases

Cerebral Lateralization and Cognition: Evolutionary and Developmental Investigations of Behavioral Biases
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-08-07
  • Pages : 457
  • ISBN : 0128146729
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cerebral Lateralization and Cognition: Evolutionary and Developmental Investigations of Motor Biases, Volume 238, the latest release in the Progress in Brain Research series, discusses interdisciplinary research on the influence of cerebral lateralization on cognition within an evolutionary framework. Chapters of note in this release include Evolutionary Perspectives: Visual/Motor Biases and Cognition, Manual laterality and cognition through evolution: An archeological perspective, Laterality in insects, Motor asymmetries in fish, amphibians and reptiles, Visual biases and social cognition in animals, Mother and offspring lateralized social interaction across animal species, Manual bias, personality and cognition in common marmosets and other primates, and more. Presents investigations of cognitive development in an evolutionary framework Provides a better understanding of the causal relationship between motor function and brain organization Brings clinicians and neuroscientists together to consider the relevance of motor biases as behavioral biomarkers of cognitive disorders Includes future possibilities for early detection and motor intervention therapies

Squeezing Minds From Stones

Squeezing Minds From Stones
Cognitive Archaeology and the Evolution of the Human Mind

by Karenleigh A. Overmann,Frederick L. Coolidge

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2019-04-04
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0190854626
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cognitive archaeology is a relatively new interdisciplinary science that uses cognitive and psychological models to explain archeological artifacts like stone tools, figurines, and art. Squeezing Minds From Stones is a collection of essays from early pioneers in the field, like archaeologists Thomas Wynn and Iain Davidson, and evolutionary primatologist William McGrew, to 'up and coming' newcomers like Shelby Putt, Ceri Shipton, Mark Moore, James Cole, Natalie Uomini, and Lana Ruck. Their essays address a wide variety of cognitive archaeology topics, including the value of experimental archaeology, primate archaeology, the intent of ancient tool makers, and how they may have lived and thought.

Memetics and Evolutionary Economics

Memetics and Evolutionary Economics
To Boldly Go Where no Meme has Gone Before

by Michael P. Schlaile

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-12-21
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN : 3030599558
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the question of whether and how meme theory or “memetics” can be fruitfully utilized in evolutionary economics and proposes an approach known as “economemetics” which is a combination of meme theory and complexity theory that has the potential to combat the fragmentation of evolutionary economics while re-connecting the field with cultural evolutionary theory. By studying the intersection of cultural and economic evolution, complexity economics, computational economics, and network science, the authors establish a connection between memetics and evolutionary economics at different levels of investigation. The book first demonstrates how a memetic approach to economic evolution can help to reveal links and build bridges between different but complementary concepts in evolutionary economics. Secondly, it shows how organizational memetics can help to capture the complexity of organizational culture using meme mapping. Thirdly, it presents an agent-based simulation model of knowledge diffusion and assimilation in innovation networks from a memetic perspective. The authors then use agent-based modeling and social network analysis to evaluate the diffusion pattern of the Ice Bucket Challenge as an example of a “viral meme.” Lastly, the book discusses the central issues of agency, creativity, and normativity in the context of economemetics and suggests promising avenues for further research.

Evolutionary Epistemology

Evolutionary Epistemology
A Multiparadigm Program

by W. Callebaut,R. Pinxten

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 9400939671
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume has its already distant or1g1n in an inter national conference on Evolutionary Epistemology the editors organized at the University of Ghent in November 1984. This conference aimed to follow up the endeavor started at the ERISS (Epistemologically Relevant Internalist Sociology of Science) conference organized by Don Campbell and Alex Rosen berg at Cazenovia Lake, New York, in June 1981, whilst in jecting the gist of certain current continental intellectual developments into a debate whose focus, we thought, was in danger of being narrowed too much, considering the still underdeveloped state of affairs in the field. Broadly speaking, evolutionary epistemology today con sists of two interrelated, yet qualitatively distinct inves tigative efforts. Both are drawing on Darwinian concepts, which may explain why many people have failed to discriminate them. One is the study of the evolution of the cognitive apparatus of living organisms, which is first and foremost the province of biologists and psychologists (H. C. Plotkin, Ed. , Learning, Development, and Culture: Essays in Evolu tionary Epistemology, New York, Wiley, 1984), although quite a few philosophers - professional or vocational - have also felt the need to express themselves on this vast subject (F. M. Wuketits, Ed. , Conce ts and Approaches in Evolutionary Epistemology, Dordrecht Boston, Reidel, 1984). The other approach deals with the evolution of science, and has been dominated hitherto by (allegedly) 'naturalized' philosophers; no book-length survey of this literature is available at present.

The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory

The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory
A Book

by Elisabeth A. Murray,Steven P. Wise,Kim S. Graham,Mary K. L. Baldwin

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2019-12
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0198828055
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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On a trip down memory lane, four neuroscientists present an entertaining and accessible account of how evolution produced human memory, beginning with early vertebrates. The authors discuss the challenges and opportunities faced by a series of our direct ancestors, illustrate how the brains of these animals changed, and explain how these changes came to support new forms of memory. The book reveals how evolution fashioned the many forms of memory present in thehuman brain, why we can apply our knowledge flexibly in novel situations, and why we, uniquely among species, can remember and reflect upon the stories of our lives.