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Executive Functions in Health and Disease

Executive Functions in Health and Disease
A Book

by Elkhonon Goldberg

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-07-04
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN : 0128037059
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Executive Functions in Health and Disease provides a comprehensive review of both healthy and disordered executive function. It discusses what executive functions are, what parts of the brain are involved, what happens when they go awry in cases of dementia, ADHD, psychiatric disorders, traumatic injury, developmental disorders, cutting edge methods for studying executive functions and therapies for treating executive function disorders. It will appeal to neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, neuroscientists and researchers in cognitive psychology. Encompasses healthy executive functioning as well as dysfunction Identifies prefrontal cortex and other brain areas associated with executive functions Reviews methods and tools used in executive function research Explores executive dysfunction in dementia, ADHD, PTSD, TBI, developmental and psychiatric disorders Discusses executive function research expansion in social and affective neuroscience, neuroeconomics, aging and criminology Includes color neuroimages showing executive function brain activity

Executive Functions in Health and Disease

Executive Functions in Health and Disease
A Book

by Elkhonon Goldberg

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-09-01
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 9780128036761
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Executive Functions in Health and Disease provides a comprehensive review of both healthy and disordered executive function. It discusses what executive functions are, what parts of the brain are involved, what happens when they go awry in cases of dementia, ADHD, psychiatric disorders, traumatic injury, developmental disorders, cutting edge methods for studying executive functions and therapies for treating executive function disorders. It will appeal to neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, neuroscientists and researchers in cognitive psychology. Encompasses healthy executive functioning as well as dysfunction Identifies prefrontal cortex and other brain areas associated with executive functions Reviews methods and tools used in executive function research Explores executive dysfunction in dementia, ADHD, PTSD, TBI, developmental and psychiatric disorders Discusses executive function research expansion in social and affective neuroscience, neuroeconomics, aging and criminology Includes color neuroimages showing executive function brain activity

The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease

The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease
New Philosophical and Scientific Developments

by Derek Bolton,Grant Gillett

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-03-28
  • Pages : 149
  • ISBN : 3030118991
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This open access book is a systematic update of the philosophical and scientific foundations of the biopsychosocial model of health, disease and healthcare. First proposed by George Engel 40 years ago, the Biopsychosocial Model is much cited in healthcare settings worldwide, but has been increasingly criticised for being vague, lacking in content, and in need of reworking in the light of recent developments. The book confronts the rapid changes to psychological science, neuroscience, healthcare, and philosophy that have occurred since the model was first proposed and addresses key issues such as the model’s scientific basis, clinical utility, and philosophical coherence. The authors conceptualise biology and the psychosocial as in the same ontological space, interlinked by systems of communication-based regulatory control which constitute a new kind of causation. These are distinguished from physical and chemical laws, most clearly because they can break down, thus providing the basis for difference between health and disease. This work offers an urgent update to the model’s scientific and philosophical foundations, providing a new and coherent account of causal interactions between the biological, the psychological and social.

Executive Functions and Writing

Executive Functions and Writing
A Book

by Teresa Limpo,Thierry Olive

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2021-06-30
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 019886356X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the first comprehensive and state-of-the-art review of the relationship between executive function skills and writing. It explores its role across the lifespan, addressing all groups of writers, from children and those with learning and language difficulties, to adults and elders.

Food Quality: Balancing Health and Disease

Food Quality: Balancing Health and Disease
A Book

by Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Alina Maria Holban

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-02-03
  • Pages : 530
  • ISBN : 0128114940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Food Quality: Balancing Health and Disease, Volume Thirteen in the Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, provides essential information for researchers, scientists and students on the relationship between the quality of foods and disease at the biological level. It presents different technological approaches to detect food properties and their capabilities for balancing health and disease to deliver high-quality products to consumers. This volume explores the dynamic potential of how food bioengineering can improve traditional foods through modern methods to make a positive impact on human health and foster innovation. Provides information on how bioavailability of nutrients and food formulation can be used to prevent or improve disease Includes the most recent research methods of metabolomics and genomics to detect best outcomes Includes innovative applications for anti-aging effects and curative properties in foods Presents research examples on how both human gut microbiota and food components control the way certain organisms develop and react in different environmental conditions

The Impulsive, Disorganized Child

The Impulsive, Disorganized Child
Solutions for Parenting Kids With Executive Functioning Difficulties

by James W. Forgan,Mary Anne Richey

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-09-03
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 1000489647
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Impulsive, scattered, lost, unfocused, unprepared, disorganized: These are just a few of the words used to describe kids with executive functioning deficits, which commonly affect many children already diagnosed with ADHD, learning disabilities, and autism. The Impulsive, Disorganized Child: Solutions for Parenting Kids with Executive Functioning Difficulties helps parents pinpoint weak executive functions in their children, then learn how to help their kids overcome these deficits with practical, easy solutions. Children who can't select, plan, initiate, or sustain action toward their goals are children who simply struggle to succeed in school and other aspects of life. Parents need the helpful, proven advice and interactive surveys and action plans in this book to empower them to take positive action to teach their disorganized, impulsive child to achieve independence, success, and a level of self-support.

Brain and Cognition for Addiction Medicine: From Prevention to Recovery

Brain and Cognition for Addiction Medicine: From Prevention to Recovery
A Book

by Hamed Ekhtiari,Antonio Verdejo-García,Scott J. Moeller,Alexander Mario Baldacchino,Martin P. Paulus

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-01-12
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889663779
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Infant Mental Health, Fourth Edition

Handbook of Infant Mental Health, Fourth Edition
A Book

by Charles H. Zeanah

  • Publisher : Guilford Publications
  • Release : 2018-10-04
  • Pages : 678
  • ISBN : 1462537111
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The definitive reference in the field--now significantly revised with 75% new material--this volume examines typical and atypical development from birth to the preschool years and identifies what works in helping children and families at risk. Foremost experts explore neurobiological, family, and sociocultural factors in infant mental health, with a major focus on primary caregiving relationships. Risk factors for developmental problems are analyzed, and current information on disorders and disabilities of early childhood is presented. The volume showcases evidence-based approaches to assessment and intervention and describes applications in mental health, primary care, child care, and child welfare settings. New to This Edition: *Chapters on genetic and epigenetic processes, executive functions, historical trauma, and neglect. *Chapters on additional clinical problems: hyperactivity and inattention, sensory overresponsivity, and relationship-specific disorder. *Chapters on additional interventions: attachment and biobehavioral catch-up, video-feedback intervention to promote positive parenting and sensitive discipline, parent–child interaction therapy, and home visiting programs. *Existing chapters all rewritten or revised to reflect a decade's worth of empirical and clinical advances.

Your Brain in Sickness and in Health: The Experience of Dementia and Other Brain Disorders

Your Brain in Sickness and in Health: The Experience of Dementia and Other Brain Disorders
A Book

by Sid Williams

  • Publisher : Lulu.com
  • Release : 2017-02-23
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1483462609
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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If you want or need to better understand Alzheimer's disease, dementia and other brain disorders; if you are a professional involved in assessment and care; if you are a family or paid carer/caregiver; if you are simply interested and curious about the contribution our brains make to everyday life - then the information you seek is in your hands. This includes: the nature of Alzheimer's disease, other forms of dementia and other disorders of brain function; behaviours and experiences associated with these disorders, including accounts of real people faced with these challenges; the way carers, family, friends and professionals perceive, understand and respond to people with dementia. Don't be daunted by the book's size. There are two parts: the first part provides chapters on many topics, including repetitive behaviour, memory problems, and problems with common sense. Then there are detailed endnotes (optional reading) which provide references and more detail on the issues raised in the body of the book.

Executive Function and Education

Executive Function and Education
A Book

by Mariëtte Huizinga,Dieter Baeyens,Jacob A. Burack

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2018-09-21
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 2889455726
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Executive function is an umbrella term for various cognitive processes that are central to goal-directed behavior, thoughts, and emotions. These processes are especially important in novel or demanding situations, which require a rapid and flexible adjustment of behavior to the changing demands of the environment. The development of executive function relies on the maturation of associated brain regions as well as on stimulation in the child’s social contexts, especially the home and school. Over the past decade, the term executive function has become a buzzword in the field of education as both researchers and educators underscore the importance of skills like goal setting, planning, and organizing in academic success. Accordingly, in initiating this Research Topic and eBook our goal was to provide a forum for state-of-the-art theoretical and empirical work on this that both facilitates communication among researchers from diverse fields and provides a theoretically sound source of information for educators. The contributors to this volume, who hail from several different countries in Europe and North America, have certainly accomplished this goal in their nuanced and cutting-edge depictions of the complex links among various executive function components and educational success.

Clinical Neurology of Aging

Clinical Neurology of Aging
A Book

by Janice E. Knoefel

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2011-03-03
  • Pages : 641
  • ISBN : 0195369297
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Clinical Neurology of Aging, Third Edition is written by the world's elite clinicians from neurology, geriatrics and research on all aspects of geriatric neurology. Featuring over 60 chapters, the book is designed to aid clinicians to help older persons maintain the joy that they have experienced throughout their lives. Divided into 9 comprehensive sections, this new edition contains subjects ranging from geriatric assessment to pain management and palliative care. Specific sections include neurological assessment in aging, cognitive disorders, sensory disturbance, and neuropsychiatric illness in aging.

The Science of Occupational Health

The Science of Occupational Health
Stress, Psychobiology, and the New World of Work

by Sir Ulf Lundberg,Sir Cary L. Cooper

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2010-12-01
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9781444391114
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Science of Occupational Health is an evidence-based resource for all members of the health care team working with those affected by work-based stress - whether individuals suffering physical or psychological symptoms, or organizations trying to provide optimum conditions for healthy and productive employees. The authors offer a unique psychobiological perspective, discussing the modern workplace as a cause of stimulation and well-being, as well as of distress and illness. They provide a rigorous but highly accessible scientific account of the effects that stress has on mind and body, with key chapters on 'Responses to Stress', 'Stress-Related Health Problems', and 'Stress Hormones at Work'. This book offers the reader practical guidance on health promotion and preventive strategies at both individual and organizational levels. It concludes with a discussion of present occupational conditions around the world, and predictions of likely trends in the future.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders
Clinical Principles and Management

by André Brunoni,Michael Nitsche,Colleen Loo

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-09-12
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 3319339672
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of this book is to provide a comprehensive review of the use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) in different psychiatric conditions. Here we review tDCS clinical studies employing different types of design (from single-session tDCS studies to randomized clinical trials) as well as studies evaluating the impact of tDCS in neurophysiological, behavioral and brain imaging outcomes. Although the understanding about physiological foundations and effectiveness of clinical therapies of psychiatric diseases has been considerably increased during the last decades, our knowledge is still limited, and consequently psychiatric diseases are still a major burden to the individual patient and society. Recently, interest in pathological alterations of neuroplasticity in psychiatric diseases as a critical condition for development, and amelioration of clinical symptoms increased, caused by the fact that new tools, such as functional imaging, and brain stimulation techniques do allow to monitor, and modulate these phenomena in humans. Especially non-invasive brain stimulation techniques evolved as an attractive potential new therapeutic tool. The interest in non-invasive brain stimulation has grown exponentially in the past 25 years, with the development of non-pharmacological, neuromodulatory techniques such as tDCS and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). TDCS, although even newer than rTMS, has attracted considerable attention in both basic and clinical research scenarios. In the context of clinical research, tDCS is being increasingly investigated as a novel treatment tool for several psychiatric disorders, such as major depression, schizophrenia and neurocognitive and substance abuse disorders. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders – Clinical Principles and Management intends to serve as a practical guide on the field, attracting the interest of psychiatrists, neurologists and neuroscientists with little or no experience with tDCS, as well as those with a background on tDCS who want to increase their knowledge in any particular psychiatric condition.

Handbook of Behavioral Medicine

Handbook of Behavioral Medicine
Methods and Applications

by Andrew Steptoe

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-09-27
  • Pages : 1074
  • ISBN : 9780387094885
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Behavioral medicine emerged in the 1970s as the interdisciplinary field concerned with the integration of behavioral, psychosocial, and biomedical science knowledge relevant to the understanding of health and illness, and the application of this knowledge to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation. Recent years have witnessed an enormous diversification of behavioral medicine, with new sciences (such as genetics, life course epidemiology) and new technologies (such as neuroimaging) coming into play. This book brings together such new developments by providing an up-to-date compendium of methods and applications drawn from the broad range of behavioral medicine research and practice. The book is divided into 10 sections that address key fields in behavioral medicine. Each section begins with one or two methodological or conceptual chapters, followed by contributions that address substantive topics within that field. Major health problems such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, HIV/AIDs, and obesity are explored from multiple perspectives. The aim is to present behavioral medicine as an integrative discipline, involving diverse methodologies and paradigms that converge on health and well being.

Mental Health for the Whole Child: Moving Young Clients from Disease & Disorder to Balance & Wellness

Mental Health for the Whole Child: Moving Young Clients from Disease & Disorder to Balance & Wellness
A Book

by Scott M. Shannon

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2013-07-22
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0393708489
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A leading pediatric psychiatrist shows clinicians a holistic, full-spectrum approach to children’s well-being. Every child possesses enormous untapped potential, and yet the number of kids suffering from mental illness today seems to creep ever upward. Depression, anxiety, ADHD, OCD, oppositional defiant disorder, anger issues—you name it—are increasingly prevalent, leaving clinician’s offices packed with worried parents and caregivers, wondering how they can help their children. In this book, child psychiatrist Scott Shannon offers a refreshing new path for practitioners who are eager for a more optimistic view of children’s mental health, one that emphasizes a child’s inherent resilience and resources over pathology and prescriptions. “What is mental health?” Shannon explores the fundamental question, showing that an innate desire for balance—a wholeness—between brain-body-mind lies at the heart of wellness. Such a balance can’t be achieved by medication alone, but requires a broad, full-spectrum understanding of children’s lives: their diet, social skills, sleep habits, their ability to self-regulate, to find meaning and purpose in life, and their family relationships. Stress, trauma, and poor nutrition are some of the most common barriers to wholeness in kids’ lives, and Shannon carefully examines these and other barriers, and what the latest discoveries in neuroplasticity and epigenetics tell us about their ability to overcome them. Readers will learn how to perform a different sort of assessment—one that identifies patterns of imbalance and obstacles to health in a child’s life—as well as how to build a meaningful, effective treatment plan around these deficits, and how clinicians can best position themselves to respond effectively. The second part of the book looks at eight of the most common childhood mental health issues—ADHD, depression, behavioral problems, anxiety and OCD, bipolar disorder, substance abuse, autism spectrum disorders, and trauma and PTSD—and a variety of effective complementary treatment tools for each, including dietary changes, nutritional supplements, specific cognitive or behavioral therapies, parenting interventions, medications, and more. Step-by-step treatment plans are included to guide clinicians on how best to approach each presenting problem. Mental Health for the Whole Child combines modern science, cutting-edge psychology, integrative medicine, and clinical wisdom to offer all professionals who work with kids a new, more hopeful way forward.

Clinical Neurology of Aging

Clinical Neurology of Aging
A Book

by Martin Albert, MD, PhD, FAAN,Janice Knoefel, MD, MPH

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2011-01-11
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 0199708967
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Clinical Neurology of Aging, Third Edition continues the tradition of the First (1984) and Second (1994) editions with 60 chapters written by the world's elite clinicians from neurology, geriatrics and research on all aspects of geriatric neurology. Aging does not automatically imply decline. Many older people find joy in their friendships and their willingness to look at the world with a calmer view than they may have had in youth. This clinically focused book is designed to help clinicians help older persons maintain that joy. Now divided into 9 comprehensive sections, the Third Edition contains subjects ranging from geriatric assessment to pain management and palliative care. Specific sections include: Introduction to Geriatric Neurology; Neurological Assessment in Aging; Cognitive Disorders in Aging; Motor Disorders in Aging; Neuropsychiatric Illness in Aging; Sensory Disturbance in Aging; Peripheral Neurology of Aging; Disease States in Elderly; and Neurological Therapeutics. With a deft touch, the editors - Drs. Martin Albert and Janice Knoefel - have incorporated the geriatric care perspective and a quality-oriented approach to health care throughout the volume. The result: the definitive reference, useful for all clinicians caring for older people and informative to those who set policies that affect research and clinical practice.

Fractionating Frontal Lobe Function

Fractionating Frontal Lobe Function
A Book

by Ami Tsuchida

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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These findings validate behavioural measures of region-specific component processes that will be applicable to other conditions marked by executive dysfunction. This work provides converging evidence for component process accounts of executive function, and contributes to our understanding of human frontal lobe function in both health and disease." --

Training and Enhancing Executive Function

Training and Enhancing Executive Function
A Book

by Gian Marco Marzocchi,Maria Carmen Usai,Steven J. Howard

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-10-27
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889661032
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Public Mental Health

Public Mental Health
A Book

by William W. Eaton

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2012-06-28
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 0199938407
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mental disorders are among the most prevalent sources of disease burden in the world. Increasing recognition of this burden has led to an explosion of scientific research as well as widespread public attention. Understanding causes and consequences of mental health and mental disorders from the perspective of public health involves unique methods and concepts from many disciplines, including population-based surveys in a life course framework. Prevention and control of mental disorders involves design and execution of intervention trials to prevent disorder in individuals who are currently healthy, and to minimize future consequences for those with current disorder or a history of disorder. Interventions of this type are important because good mental health protects against onset of a variety of mental disorders, as well as being a valued outcome in itself. The complexity of the brain and its relationship to social life requires concepts, methods, and syntheses that are new for epidemiology and public health. Public Mental Health provides a comprehensive introduction and reference for the public health approach to mental and behavioral disorders, and to promotion of mental health. The volume's chapter authors and coauthors are drawn from the internationally renowned faculty of the Department of Mental Health of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, a department uniquely positioned to create this important resource for researchers, students, and public health practitioners. The volume explicates the latest methodologies for studying the occurrence of mental disorders in populations and provides estimates of burden, cultural differences, natural history, and disparities between population subgroups. It includes reviews of genes as sources of risk for mental disorders, the occurrence of stresses and their timing over the life span, and crises and disasters as sources of risk. The book includes chapters on the structure and functioning of the mental health service system in the United States, and around the world, and a comprehensive review of population-based strategies of intervention to lower risk. A final chapter lays out a path for the evolution of public mental health in the future.

How (not) to train the brain

How (not) to train the brain
Enhancing what's between your ears with (and without) science

by Amir Raz,Sheida Rabipour

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2019-04-18
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 0192506811
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Brain training is all the rage. Commercial and clinical initiatives capitalize on trailblazing interdisciplinary research that spans domains such as education, psychological and brain science, cognitive remediation, and mental health. Promotional materials boast that we can learn to think and respond faster, focus better, and control our emotions; companies and authors market techniques to boost memory, increase confidence, and overcome cognitive impairments. 'How (not) to Train the Brain' examines the field of cognitive fitness and scrutinizes the scientific evidence in support of brain training techniques. With the potential to affect millions this topic is important for scientists, practitioners, educators, and the general public. While many a consumer often marvels at this highly commercialized field, discerning fact from fad becomes a challenge given the abundance of products, publications, and contexts. Moreover, available products prey on the naivety of individuals unfamiliar with the nuanced field of neuroscience, advertising programs that lack scientific validation or presenting unfounded arguments. In this book, the authors review data from hundreds of articles and provide an overarching account of the field, separating scientific evidence from publicity myth and guiding readers through how they should - and should not - train the brain. They describe existing techniques, including those rooted in scientific research, and survey methods that purport to yield measurable improvements. Intended for a wide audience, this book taps a timely topic by highlighting the most salient approaches to boosting brain function while identifying those that don't seem to work.