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Experimental and Quasi-experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference

Experimental and Quasi-experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference
A Book

by WS. SHADISH,William R. Shadish,Thomas D. Cook,Donald Thomas Campbell

  • Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 623
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sections include: experiments and generalised causal inference; statistical conclusion validity and internal validity; construct validity and external validity; quasi-experimental designs that either lack a control group or lack pretest observations on the outcome; quasi-experimental designs that use both control groups and pretests; quasi-experiments: interrupted time-series designs; regresssion discontinuity designs; randomised experiments: rationale, designs, and conditions conducive to doing them; practical problems 1: ethics, participation recruitment and random assignment; practical problems 2: treatment implementation and attrition; generalised causal inference: a grounded theory; generalised causal inference: methods for single studies; generalised causal inference: methods for multiple studies; a critical assessment of our assumptions.

Experimental and Quasi-experimental Designs for Research

Experimental and Quasi-experimental Designs for Research
A Book

by Donald Thomas Campbell,Julian C. Stanley

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 84
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research

Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research

by Donald T. Campbell,Julian C. Stanley

  • Publisher : Ravenio Books
  • Release : 2015-09-03
  • Pages : 84
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We shall examine the validity of 16 experimental designs against 12 common threats to valid inference. By experiment we refer to that portion of research in which variables are manipulated and their effects upon other variables observed. It is well to distinguish the particular role of this chapter. It is not a chapter on experimental design in the Fisher (1925, 1935) tradition, in which an experimenter having complete mastery can schedule treatments and measurements for optimal statistical efficiency, with complexity of design emerging only from that goal of efficiency. Insofar as the designs discussed in the present chapter become complex, it is because of the intransigency of the environment: because, that is, of the experimenter’s lack of complete control.

Experimental and Quasi-experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference

Experimental and Quasi-experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference
A Book

by William R. Shadish,Thomas D. Cook,Donald Thomas Campbell

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 623
  • ISBN : 9780395307878
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This successor of the original Cook/Campbell Quasi-Experimentation: Design and Analysis Issues for Field Settings represents updates in the field over the last two decades. The book covers four major topics in field experimentation: Theoretical matters: Experimentation, causation, and validity ; Quasi-experimental design: Regression discontinuity designs, interrupted time series designs, quasi-experimental designs that use both pretests and control groups, and other designs ; Randomized experiments: Logic and design issues, and practical problems involving ethics, recruitment, assignment, treatment implementation, and attrition ; Generalized causal inference: A grounded theory of generalized causal inference, along with methods for implementing that theory in single and multiple studies.

Quasi-Experimental Research Designs

Quasi-Experimental Research Designs
A Book

by Bruce A. Thyer

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2012-02-16
  • Pages : 203
  • ISBN : 0195387384
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This pocket guide describes the logic, design, and conduct of the range of such designs, encompassing pre-experiments, quasi-experiments making use of a control or comparison group, and time-series designs. While it can be utilized as a manual, this book is also valuable for practitioners seeking a greater conceptual understanding of quasi-experimental studies in social work literature. Human service professionals planning to undertake a program evaluation of their agency's services will find this book helpful in understanding the steps and actions needed to adopt a quasi-experimental strategy.

Advances in Quasi-Experimental Design and Analysis

Advances in Quasi-Experimental Design and Analysis
A Book

by William M. K. Trochim

  • Publisher : Jossey-Bass
  • Release : 1986-11-04
  • Pages : 113
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The intent of this volume of New Directions for Program Evaluation is to update, even to alter, our thinking about quasi-experimentation in applied social research and program evaluation. This volume makes the case that we have moved beyond the traditional thinking on quasi-experiments as a collection of specific designs and threats to validity toward a more integrated, synthetic view of quasi-experimentation as part of a general logical epistemological framework for research. This is the 31st issue of New Directions for Program Evaluation. For more information on the series, please see the Journals and Periodicals page.

The Statistical Analysis of Quasi-experiments

The Statistical Analysis of Quasi-experiments
A Book

by Christopher H. Achen

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 9780520047242
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sacred Healing of Marriage

Sacred Healing of Marriage
A Quasi-experimental Study of Prayer's Effect on Marital Satisfaction Among Catholic and Protestant Christians

by Timothy A. Heck

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marriage as an institution in contemporary culture is in a state of distress, with a risk of divorce rate reaching into the 60% range for couples planning to marry in the near future. Research in the field of marriage and family therapy has attempted to explain this phenomenon, particularly through the study of couple interaction. Validated instruments are available to assess the level of satisfaction and adjustment in a marital relationship. A significant challenge for the marriage clinician is effecting positive change on the level of satisfaction perceived and experienced in the relationship. Other research has demonstrated the effectiveness of prayer as a medium for cognitive change toward optimism and increased health, both emotional and physical. This study explored the effect of specific spousal prayer in the lives of Catholic and Protestant Christian married couples on their level of marital satisfaction by using a nonradomized control group pretest-posttest design.

Quasi-Experimentation

Quasi-Experimentation
A Guide to Design and Analysis

by Charles S. Reichardt

  • Publisher : Guilford Publications
  • Release : 2019-08-15
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN : 1462540252
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Featuring engaging examples from diverse disciplines, this book explains how to use modern approaches to quasi-experimentation to derive credible estimates of treatment effects under the demanding constraints of field settings. Foremost expert Charles S. Reichardt provides an in-depth examination of the design and statistical analysis of pretest–posttest, nonequivalent groups, regression discontinuity, and interrupted time-series designs. He details their relative strengths and weaknesses and offers practical advice about their use. Comparing quasi-experiments to randomized experiments, Reichardt discusses when and why the former might be a better choice than the latter in the face of the contingencies that are likely to arise in practice. Modern methods for elaborating a research design to remove bias from estimates of treatment effects are described, as are tactics for dealing with missing data and noncompliance with treatment assignment. Throughout, mathematical equations are translated into words to enhance accessibility. Adding to its discussion of prototypical quasi-experiments, the book also provides a complete typology of quasi-experimental design options to help the reader craft the best research design to fit the circumstances of a given study.

Evaluating JTPA Programs for Economically Disadvantaged Adults

Evaluating JTPA Programs for Economically Disadvantaged Adults
A Case Study of Utah and General Findings

by William Bowman

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 119
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stratified Policing

Stratified Policing
An Organizational Model for Proactive Crime Reduction

by Roberto Santos

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020-12
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1538126575
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Stratified Policing seeks to facilitate organizational change for crime reduction by providing a clear and adaptable structure for analysis, problem solving, and accountability. This book outlines the theoretical and practical foundations for police departments to tailor and implement it into their operational crime reduction efforts"--

Public Health Reports

Public Health Reports
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Quasi-Experimental Shift-Share Research Designs

Quasi-Experimental Shift-Share Research Designs
A Book

by Kirill Borusyak,Peter Hull,Xavier Jaravel

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 41
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Many empirical studies leverage shift-share (or "Bartik") instruments that combine a set of aggregate shocks with measures of shock exposure. We derive a necessary and sufficient shock-level orthogonality condition for these instruments to identify causal effects. We then show that orthogonality holds when observed shocks are as-good-as-randomly assigned and growing in number, with the average shock exposure sufficiently dispersed. We recommend that practitioners implement quasi-experimental shift-share designs with new shock-level regressions, which help visualize identifying shock variation, correct standard errors, choose appropriate specifications, test identifying assumptions, and optimally combine multiple sets of quasi-random shocks. We illustrate these points by revisiting Autor et al. (2013)'s analysis of the labor market effects of Chinese import competition.

Quasi-experimentation

Quasi-experimentation
Design & Analysis Issues for Field Settings

by Thomas D. Cook,Donald Thomas Campbell

  • Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents some quasi-experimental designs and design features that can be used in many social research settings. The designs serve to probe causal hypotheses about a wide variety of substantive issues in both basic and applied research. Each design is assessed in terms of four types of validity, with special stress on internal validity. Although general conclusions are drawn about the strengths and limitations of each design, emphasis is also placed on the fact that the relevant threats to valid inference are specific to each research setting. Consequently, a threat that is usually associated with a particular design need not invariably be associated with that design.

Using Propensity Scores in Quasi-Experimental Designs

Using Propensity Scores in Quasi-Experimental Designs
A Book

by William M. Holmes

  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Release : 2013-06-10
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 148332124X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using Propensity Scores in Quasi-Experimental Designs, by William M. Holmes, examines how propensity scores can be used to reduce bias with different kinds of quasi-experimental designs and to fix or improve broken experiments. Requiring minimal use of matrix and vector algebra, the book covers the causal assumptions of propensity score estimates and their many uses, linking these uses with analysis appropriate for different designs. Thorough coverage of bias assessment, propensity score estimation, and estimate improvement is provided, along with graphical and statistical methods for this process. Applications are included for analysis of variance and covariance, maximum likelihood and logistic regression, two-stage least squares, generalized linear regression, and general estimation equations. The examples use public data sets that have policy and programmatic relevance across a variety of disciplines.

Evaluating Leisure Services

Evaluating Leisure Services
Making Enlightened Decisions

by Karla A. Henderson,M. Deborah Bialeschki

  • Publisher : Venture Publishing (PA)
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 349
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book fills a void in our literature with a comprehensive, up-to-date treatment of evaluation in recreation, park and leisure services. The book provides a basic over view and working knowledge of evaluation procedures for upper level undergraduate students, beginning graduate students, and practitioners who wish to apply evaluation research in their work. The authors have written the book in concise, clear chapters in which they not only outline key points, but also provide examples of various evaluation issues.

A Quasi-experimental Study on Flexible Work Arrangements and Job Satisfaction

A Quasi-experimental Study on Flexible Work Arrangements and Job Satisfaction
The Moderational and Mediational Roles of Work Social Support, Work-family Conflict and Work-life Balance

by Melissa Hosboyar

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human capital and structural transformation: Quasi-experimental evidence from Indonesia

Human capital and structural transformation: Quasi-experimental evidence from Indonesia
A Book

by Karachiwalla, Naureen,Palloni, Giordano

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 60
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This paper provides quasi-experimental evidence on the long-term causal effect of increases in human capital on participation in agriculture. We use variation in male educational attainment generated by Indonesia’s Sekolah Dasar INPRES program, one of the largest ever school building programs. Consistent with the first evaluation [Duflo, 2001], we find that males exposed to a higher program intensity have improved measures of human capital as adults. We then show that treated cohorts are more likely to be employed outside of agriculture–particularly in industry–and less likely to be agricultural workers. Then, exploiting variation in exposure across adjacent districts, we demonstrate that higher INPRES intensity in neighboring districts decreases non-agricultural employment and earnings, consistent with cross-district spillovers mediating the total impacts. Together, the results suggest that government investment in human capital can have profound effects on the rural economy and may help to accelerate shifts away from agriculture.

Annual Editions: Research Methods

Annual Editions: Research Methods
A Book

by Mary Renck Jalongo,Gail J. Gerlach,Wenfan Yan

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill/Dushkin
  • Release : 2000-07
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 9780072404371
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A collection of current, carefully selected articles from some of the most respected newspapers, magazines, and journals published today. Within the pages of this new volume are interesting, well-illustrated articles providing effective and useful perspectives on today's important topics concerning research methods. Our student Web site, Dushkin Online (www.dushkin.com/online/), is designed to support Annual Editions titles.

A Quasi-experimental Study Investigating the Effect of Scent on Students' Memory of Multiplication Facts and Math Anxiety

A Quasi-experimental Study Investigating the Effect of Scent on Students' Memory of Multiplication Facts and Math Anxiety
By Evelyn Mae Leap

by Evelyn Mae Leap,Advisor Robert A. DelGreco Ed.D

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This quasi-experimental study was conducted with two fifth grade classrooms to investigate the effect of scent on students' acquisition and retention of multiplication facts and math anxiety.