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Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture
Approaches, Tools and Advances

by Claudio Colosio,Aristidis M. Tsatsakis,Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic,Athanasios Alegakis

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-11-27
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 0128125624
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: Approaches, Tools and Advances offers an overview of the different methods available in toxicology for pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from the regulatory field, to in-field research studies. The book provides technical background on each method, describing known and grounded tools, new uses of tools and development prospects. This book is ideal for researchers in pesticide toxicology, exposure toxicology, toxicologic risk assessment, occupational hygiene and medicine, and pesticide toxicology as well as occupational health and industrial hygiene practitioners, regulatory experts of corporate and public bodies, and advanced students. Covers pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from fundamentals to advanced theory Explains methods that are useful for both experts and non-experts Details the use of each method for exposure and risk assessment, also including links to additional resources and further reading

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture
Approaches, Tools and Advances

by Claudio Colosio,Aristidis M. Tsatsakis,Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic,Athanasios Alegakis

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-12-10
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 0128124660
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: Approaches, Tools and Advances offers an overview of the different methods available in toxicology for pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from the regulatory field, to in-field research studies. The book provides technical background on each method, describing known and grounded tools, new uses of tools and development prospects. This book is ideal for researchers in pesticide toxicology, exposure toxicology, toxicologic risk assessment, occupational hygiene and medicine, and pesticide toxicology as well as occupational health and industrial hygiene practitioners, regulatory experts of corporate and public bodies, and advanced students. Covers pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from fundamentals to advanced theory Explains methods that are useful for both experts and non-experts Details the use of each method for exposure and risk assessment, also including links to additional resources and further reading

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides
A Book

by Claire A. Franklin,John P. Worgan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2005-03-11
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 9780471489894
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This timely publication concentrates on the exposure to pesticides by agricultural workers and residential users of pesticides through inhalation and physical contact. The book discusses more recently discovered risks such as pesticides on indoor carpets and includes new trends in data interpretation. Occupational & Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides complements the other title on pesticide exposure in the series - Pesticide Residues in Drinking Water, by Hamilton/Crossley and is a must for all professionals in the Pesticide Industry as well as academics.

Pesticide Residues in Food and Drinking Water

Pesticide Residues in Food and Drinking Water
Human Exposure and Risks

by Denis Hamilton,Stephen Crossley

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2004-05-14
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 0470091606
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores human exposure and consumer risk assessment in response to issues surrounding pesticide residues in food and drinking water. All the three main areas of consumer risk assessment including human toxicology, pesticide residue chemistry and dietary consumption are brought together and discussed. Includes the broader picture - the environmental fate of pesticides Takes an international approach with contributors from the European Union, USA and Australia Highlights the increasing concerns over food safety and the risks to humans

Ecological Risk Assessment of Current-use Pesticides in the Sixaola Watershed, Costa Rica

Ecological Risk Assessment of Current-use Pesticides in the Sixaola Watershed, Costa Rica
A Book

by Beth A. Polidoro

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Among the most important research priorities identified in tropical ecotoxicology is the need for risk assessment models specific to pesticide fate and toxicity in tropical watersheds. A number of different pesticides are applied in the Sixaola watershed, Costa Rica to produce export-quality plantains and bananas. Following an ecological risk assessment framework, the principal exposure pathways, environmental fate, and biological effect of current-use pesticides are integrated to provide an estimate of ecological risk to aquatic resources in the Sixaola watershed. Risk assessment of pesticide use in this region is essential for the identification of conservation or restoration priority areas, as well as for the development of better land management practices that address regional agriculture, conservation, and public health priorities.

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides
A Book

by Claire A. Franklin,John P. Worgan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2005-04-08
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 047001220X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This timely publication concentrates on the exposure to pesticides by agricultural workers and residential users of pesticides through inhalation and physical contact. The book discusses more recently discovered risks such as pesticides on indoor carpets and includes new trends in data interpretation. Occupational & Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides complements the other title on pesticide exposure in the series - Pesticide Residues in Drinking Water, by Hamilton/Crossley and is a must for all professionals in the Pesticide Industry as well as academics.

Food Safety Assessment Of Pesticide Residues

Food Safety Assessment Of Pesticide Residues
A Book

by Ambrus Arpad,Hamilton Denis J

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2017-01-05
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN : 1786341700
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pesticides are now accepted as an integral part of modern agricultural production. This book provides analysis of the steps taken by national and international bodies working towards a cohesive global strategy for evaluating the safety of residues in food that result from approved pesticide uses. Also described is the role of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Health Organization (WHO) and Codex Alimentarius in developing standards that protect the health of the consumers and ensure fair practices in the food trade. It goes on to look at the promotion of good agricultural practice in the use of pesticides and the need for control in their practical use. These include sampling, testing the compliance of marketed products against legal limits and verifying the effectiveness of the safety-based regulatory measures. This is a specialist book for those looking to go into the field of international food safety, for students and lecturers studying the topic, for policy makers working on public health and agricultural issues, and personnel responsible for taking samples and performing the analysis of pesticide formulations and residues.

Modelling of Environmental Chemical Exposure and Risk

Modelling of Environmental Chemical Exposure and Risk
A Book

by Jan B.H.J. Linders

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2001-01-31
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 9780792367758
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop held in Sofia, Bulgaria, 5-9 October 1999

Synthetic Pesticide Use in Africa

Synthetic Pesticide Use in Africa
Impact on People, Animals, and the Environment

by Charles L. Wilson,Don M. Huber

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-07-07
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 1000388034
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A UN report presented to the UN Human Rights Council in 2017 recognized that, “although pesticide use has been correlated with a rise in food production, it has had catastrophic impacts" on human health and the environment. The report acknowledged that “increased food production has not succeeded in eliminating hunger worldwide because of the many interacting factors involved. Reliance on hazardous pesticides is a short-term solution that undermines the rights to adequate food and health for present and future generations." It is hoped that the knowledge available in Synthetic Pesticide Use in Africa: Impact on People, Animals, and the Environment will both enlighten the reader to present serious concerns on the use of synthetic pesticides, and motivate society to make the changes necessary for the sustainable production of safe, nutritious, and affordable food for the anticipated 250 billion inhabitants of this Earth in 2050. Key Features: • Explains the relationship of synthetic pesticides to escalating noncommunicable human and animal diseases in Africa and developing countries. • Discusses the impact of the herbicide glyphosate on the health of humans, animals, and the environment. • Reviews the disease causing mode of action of glyphosate and other synthetic pesticides on nutrient density and human and animal bodies. • Warns of the special vulnerability of children to synthetic pesticide toxicity. • Recommends needed legal initiatives to use synthetic pesticides more judiciously. The book is divided into seven (7) sections: I. General Impact, explains the general impact of synthetic pesticides on the African people, their animals, and environment. II. Human Health, covers the impact of synthetic pesticides on the human body, while III, Children’s Health, focuses on the special vulnerability of children to synthetic pesticides. IV. Animal Health describes the synthetic pesticide threats to animal production and sustainability. V. Environmental Health presents the threat of synthetic pesticides to soil microbiota and sustainable remediations. VI. Control Strategies discusses biologically-based alternatives to synthetic pesticides. Finally, VII. Reglatory Control presents some legal initiatives to combat the misuse of synthetic pesticides.

Safety and Health at Work, ILO-CIS Bulletin

Safety and Health at Work, ILO-CIS Bulletin
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Health and Environmental Factors Associated with Agricultural Use of Fungicides

Health and Environmental Factors Associated with Agricultural Use of Fungicides
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 117
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Regulating Pesticides in Food

Regulating Pesticides in Food
The Delaney Paradox

by National Research Council,Board on Agriculture,Committee on Scientific and Regulatory Issues Underlying Pesticide Use Patterns and Agricultural Innovation

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1987-02-01
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0309037468
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Concern about health effects from exposure to pesticides in foods is growing as scientists learn more about the toxic properties of pesticides. The Delaney Clause, a provision of the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, prohibits tolerances for any pesticide that causes cancer in test animals or in humans if the pesticide concentrates in processed food or feeds. This volume examines the impacts of the Delaney Clause on agricultural innovation and on the public's dietary exposure to potentially carcinogenic pesticide residues. Four regulatory scenarios are described to illustrate the effects of varying approaches to managing oncogenic pesticide residues in food.

Phthalates and Cumulative Risk Assessment

Phthalates and Cumulative Risk Assessment
The Tasks Ahead

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on the Health Risks of Phthalates

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2008-12-19
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9780309177917
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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People are exposed to a variety of chemicals throughout their daily lives. To protect public health, regulators use risk assessments to examine the effects of chemical exposures. This book provides guidance for assessing the risk of phthalates, chemicals found in many consumer products that have been shown to affect the development of the male reproductive system of laboratory animals. Because people are exposed to multiple phthalates and other chemicals that affect male reproductive development, a cumulative risk assessment should be conducted that evaluates the combined effects of exposure to all these chemicals. The book suggests an approach for cumulative risk assessment that can serve as a model for evaluating the health risks of other types of chemicals.

Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1999

Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1999
Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 4101/S. 2159, an Act Making Appropriations for Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Programs for the Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 1999 ... Commodity Futures Trading Commission, Department of Agriculture, Food and Drug Administration, Nondepartmental Witnesses

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies,United States

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 1423
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Crop Spraying and the Health of Residents and Bystanders

Crop Spraying and the Health of Residents and Bystanders
A Book

by Great Britain. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution,Tom Blundell

  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 9781600213915
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report addresses a complex and controversial issue: the human health risks associated with the use of agricultural pesticides. Some people are extremely concerned about their potential exposure to pesticides, arising because they occupy properties adjacent to farmland or because they have (or have had) access to such land, for example when using footpaths. The official position in the UK in response to these concerns has been that a robust approach to the assessment of human health risks associated with pesticide exposure already exists; and that there is no scientific case for taking additional measures, such as the introduction of no-spray buffer zones, to protect members of the public who may be in the vicinity of a sprayed area. But those who consider themselves to be adversely affected by pesticide spraying have not been reassured, and have continued to campaign for the adoption of more precautionary measures.

Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure in Agricultural Workers

Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure in Agricultural Workers
Human Exposure and Risk Assessment

by Kelly Johnstone,Mike Capra,Beth Newman

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 91
  • ISBN : 9781741515503
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Risk Assessment for Demal Exposure of Organophosphate Pesticides in Rice-growing Farmers at Rangsit Agricultural Area, Pathumthani Province, Central Thailand

Risk Assessment for Demal Exposure of Organophosphate Pesticides in Rice-growing Farmers at Rangsit Agricultural Area, Pathumthani Province, Central Thailand
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This cross-sectional descriptive study investigated the dermal route exposure of organophosphate pesticides and assessed the health risk due to Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos among rice farmers in the Rangsit Agricultural Area, Pathumthani Province, central Thailand. Interviews were conducted with 29 subjects to understand the characteristics of the rice farmers and pesticides use in the community. Neurological signs and symptoms that could be related to organophosphate pesticides existed among the community. The respondents generally could not identify the names of the pesticides which could cause their symptoms. The most common pesticides used were Chlorpyrifos, Dicroptophos and Abamectin. Neighbor influence was an important factor in pesticide purchasing. The surveyed farmers used at least one type of hazardous pesticide; often mixed more pesticides than recommended in each spray and even more if the previous application was ineffective, which shows that the sampled farmers are of particular concern since they were experiencing extensive potential exposure to harmful pesticides. For health risk assessment for dermal exposure portion, hand-wipe samples were collected from 14 subjects who sprayed organophosphate pesticides, specifically Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos. The residues of Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos contaminated on the hands of the rice farmers after they applied pesticides were quantified. The mean concentration of Chlorpyrifos was 10.48 mg/Kg, and concentrations ranged from 0.29 to 105.62 mg/Kg. The mean concentration of Profenofos was 4.38 mg/Kg, and concentrations ranged from 0.51 to 22.86 mg/Kg. The result of risk characterization indicated that the farmers may be at risk from Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos exposure (Hazard Index (HI), Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos >1). Long term dermal exposure of these two non-carcinogenic pesticides in these rice farmers may result in chronic adverse health effects.

Environmental Health Perspectives

Environmental Health Perspectives
EHP.

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental Protection Agency Research and Development Fiscal Year 1986 Budget Request

Environmental Protection Agency Research and Development Fiscal Year 1986 Budget Request
Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Natural Resources, Agriculture Research, and Environment of the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, Ninety-ninth Congress, First Session, March 5, 19, 1985

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Natural Resources, Agriculture Research, and Environment

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects

Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects
Risk Assessment of Pesticides

by Theo C. Brock

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-06-03
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 1439858926
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Time-variable exposure profiles of pesticides are more often the rule than exception in the surface waters of agricultural landscapes. There is, therefore, a need to adequately address the uncertainties arising from time-variable exposure profiles in the aquatic risk assessment procedure for pesticides. Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects: Risk Assessment of Pesticides provides guidance and recommendations for linking aquatic exposure and ecotoxicological effects in the environmental assessment of agricultural pesticides. Leading international scientists share their expertise in aquatic exposure assessment, aquatic ecotoxicology, and the risk assessment and management of plant protection products. The book incorporates the tools and approaches currently available for assessing the environmental risks of time-variable exposure profiles of pesticides. It also discusses the science behind these techniques. This volume covers the extrapolation techniques, including models that address the environmental fate, toxicokinetics, toxicodynamics, and ecological effects, for performing accurate aquatic environmental risk assessments of pesticides. It explains how to link aquatic exposure and effects in the risk assessment procedure for plant protection products.