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Extractive Metallurgy of Titanium

Extractive Metallurgy of Titanium
Conventional and Recent Advances in Extraction and Production of Titanium Metal

by Zhigang Zak Fang,Francis Froes,Ying Zhang

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-08
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 0128172010
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extractive Metallurgy of Titanium: Conventional and Recent Advances in Extraction and Production of Titanium Metal contains information on current and developing processes for the production of titanium. The methods for producing Ti metal are grouped into two categories, including the reduction of TiCl4 and the reduction of TiO2, with their processes classified as either electrochemical or thermochemical. Descriptions of each method or process include both the fundamental principles of the method and the engineering challenges in their practice. In addition, a review of the chemical and physical characteristics of the product produced by each method is included. Sections cover the purity of titanium metal produced based on ASTM and other industry standards, energy consumption, cost and the potential environmental impacts of the processes. Provides information on new and developing low cost, high integrity methods for titanium metal production Discusses new markets for titanium due to the decreased cost of newly developed processes Covers specific information on new methods, including the chemical and physical characteristics produced

History and Extractive Metallurgy of Titanium

History and Extractive Metallurgy of Titanium
A Book

by Richard A. Wood

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1968
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extractive Metallurgy of Titanium

Extractive Metallurgy of Titanium
A Review of the State-of-the Art and Evolving Production Techniques

by E. R. Poulsen,J. A. Hall

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 16
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Titanium

Titanium
A Book

by Gerd Lütjering,James C. Williams

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 3540713980
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The authors were motivated to prepare this book by the absence of any recent comprehensive book on titanium. The intent of this book is to provide a modern compendium that addresses both the phyical metallurgy as well as the applications of titanium. Until now the only book on this subject is that by Zwicker which was written in German and published almost 30 years ago. Chapter 1 is an introduction to the subject including some historical aspects of titanium. Chapter 2 is a s- mary of the Fundamental Aspects of Titanium, Chapter 3 is a summary of the Technological Aspects of Titanium and Chapters 4 through 9 address the specifics of the various classes of titanium ranging from CP Titanium to Titanium Matrix Composites. Finally, Chapter 10 covers “special” properties and applications of titanium. Our intent has been to address the subject conceptually rather than provide quantities of data of the sort that would be found in a Handbook. It is our intent that this book is useful for materials scientists and engineers interested in using titanium and for students either as a sourcebook or as a textbook. We have - tempted to include a representative set of references which provide additional detail for readers interested in specific aspects of titanium. Because of the re- tively recent growth of the technological importance of titanium, there is a vo- minous literature on titanium. While our references span this literature it has proven impossible to mention every contribution.

Titanium

Titanium
A Book

by Gerd Lütjering,James C. Williams

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2007-05-03
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN : 9783540713975
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive summary of the current state of the art of titanium addresses all aspects of titanium. It is all covered, from the magical metal’s basic characteristics and physical metallurgy to the correlations between processing, microstructure and properties. Richly illustrated with more than 300 figures, this compendium takes a conceptual approach to the physical metallurgy and applications of titanium, making it suitable as a reference and tutorial for materials scientists and engineers.

Titanium and Titanium Alloys

Titanium and Titanium Alloys
Fundamentals and Applications

by Christoph Leyens,Manfred Peters

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2003-09-19
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN : 9783527305346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook is an excellent reference for materials scientists and engineers needing to gain more knowledge about these engineering materials. Following introductory chapters on the fundamental materials properties of titanium, readers will find comprehensive descriptions of the development, processing and properties of modern titanium alloys. There then follows detailed discussion of the applications of titanium and its alloys in aerospace, medicine, energy and automotive technology.

Extractive Metallurgy of Rare Earths

Extractive Metallurgy of Rare Earths
A Book

by Nagaiyar Krishnamurthy

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2004-12-20
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 0203413024
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extractive Metallurgy of Rare Earths compiles information from scattered sources that is often available only to specialists. It provides a complete and usable survey of the rare earth resources, extraction, and production of numerous end products that translates to both laboratory and industrial settings. This book is a source of industry expertis

Emerging Trends in Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy

Emerging Trends in Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Allied Publishers
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 639
  • ISBN : 9788177648584
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contributed articles presented at the Conference.

Titanium Metallurgy

Titanium Metallurgy
A Bibliography of Unclassified Report Literature

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1953
  • Pages : 57
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Refractory Metals Extractive Metallurgy

Refractory Metals Extractive Metallurgy
Titanium-Zirconium-Tungsten Molybdenum-Vanadium-Rhenium

by Roger Rumbu

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2017-04-14
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9781541250765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Refractory metals are a class of metals that are extraordinarily resistant to heat and wear making them more expensive to be obtained. Refractory metals are somehow rare compared to base metals. Refractory metals are particular as they can withstand very tough operating conditions. These qualities come from their particular properties rendering difficult their processing that we will describe in this book from heavy sands processing especially for titanium, zirconium, tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, and rhenium. Some of these metals can be found together and some of them are by-products of other metallurgies like copper for molybdenum. They all share some properties, including a melting point above 2000 °C and high hardness at room temperature. They are chemically inert and have a relatively high density. Their high melting points make powder metallurgy the method of choice for fabricating components from these metals. Some of their applications include tools to work metals at high temperatures, wire filaments, casting molds, and chemical reaction vessels in corrosive environments. Roger Rumbu, Met. Eng., PPM, TBOM.

Innovations in Titanium Technology

Innovations in Titanium Technology
A Book

by Mehmet N. Gungor,M. Ashraf Imam,F. H. (Sam) Froes

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 2007-05-01
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 9780873396653
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This publication addresses the latest developments and breakthroughs in all areas of science and engineering of titanium technology that aim to reduce the cost of titanium for end users. The broad areas covered include: Extractive Metallurgy Melting Casting and Refining Practices Powder Processing and Handling Deformation Processing Alloy Development Microstructure and Property Enhancement Through Secondary Processing Emphasis is given to those processes that are under development and/or emerging as well as innovative A collection of papers from the 2007 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition held in Orlando, Florida, February 25–March 1, 2007.

Refractory Materials Extractive Metallurgy

Refractory Materials Extractive Metallurgy
Titanium - Zirconium -Tungsten - Molybdenum - Vanadium - Rhenium

by Roger Rumbu

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2017-02
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9781546984443
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Refractory metals are a class of metals that are extraordinarily resistant to heat and wear making them more expensive to be obtained. Refractory metals are somehow rare compared to base metals. Refractory metals are particular as they can withstand very tough operating conditions. These qualities come from their particular properties rendering difficult their processing that we will describe in this book from heavy sands processing especially for titanium, zirconium, tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, and rhenium. Some of these metals can be found together and some of them are by-products of other metallurgies like copper for molybdenum. They all share some properties, including a melting point above 2000 C and high hardness at room temperature. They are chemically inert and have a relatively high density. Their high melting points make powder metallurgy the method of choice for fabricating components from these metals. Some of their applications include tools to work metals at high temperatures, wire filaments, casting molds, and chemical reaction vessels in corrosive environments. Roger Rumbu, Met. Eng., PPM, TBOM.

Review of Extraction, Processing, Properties, and Applications of Reactive Metals

Review of Extraction, Processing, Properties, and Applications of Reactive Metals
1999 TMS Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, February 28 - March 15, 1999

by Brajendra Mishra

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-10-21
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 1118788001
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This proceedings volume from the 1999 TMS Annual Meeting is intended to serve as a compendium on reactive metals. Specifically, this book concentrates on zirconium, hafnium, molybdenum, niobium, beryllium, and titanium. Covering different aspects of extraction and recovery, metal refining, processing, and current and potential applications of these metals, this volume serves as a valuable reference source on reactive metals.

Extractive and Physical Metallurgy of Plutonium and Its Alloys. Including a Special Introduction and Annotated Bibliography by W.D. Wilkinson ... Based on a Symposium Held in San Francisco, California, February 16-17, 1959, and Sponsored by Nuclear Metallurgy Committee, Institute of Metals Division, and Titanium, Uranium and Uncommon Metals Committee, Extractive Metallurgy Division of the Metallurgical Society, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers. Edited by W.D. Wilkinson

Extractive and Physical Metallurgy of Plutonium and Its Alloys. Including a Special Introduction and Annotated Bibliography by W.D. Wilkinson ... Based on a Symposium Held in San Francisco, California, February 16-17, 1959, and Sponsored by Nuclear Metallurgy Committee, Institute of Metals Division, and Titanium, Uranium and Uncommon Metals Committee, Extractive Metallurgy Division of the Metallurgical Society, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers. Edited by W.D. Wilkinson
A Book

by American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers (N.Y.). Metallurgical Society. Extractive Metallurgy Division,Walter Dunbar WILKINSON

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1960
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Principles of Extractive Metallurgy

Principles of Extractive Metallurgy
A Book

by Terkel Rosenqvist

  • Publisher : Tapir Academic Press
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 9788251919227
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rather than simply describing the processes and reactions involved in metal extraction, this book concentrates on fundamental principles to give readers an understanding of the possibilities for future developments in this field. It includes a review of the basics of thermodynamics, kinetics and engineering principles that have special importance for extractive metallurgy, to ensure that readers have the background necessary for maximum achievement. The various metallurgical unit processes (such as roasting, reduction, smelting and electrolysis) are illustrated by existing techniques for the extraction of the most common metals. Each chapter includes a bibliography of recommended reading, to aid in further study. The appendices include tables and graphs of thermodynamic qualities for most substances of metallurgical importance; these are ideal for calculating heat (enthalpy) balances and chemical equilibrium constants. SI Units are used consistently throughout the text.

8th International Symposium on High-Temperature Metallurgical Processing

8th International Symposium on High-Temperature Metallurgical Processing
A Book

by Jiann-Yang Hwang,Tao Jiang,Mark William Kennedy,Onuralp Yücel,P. Chris Pistorius,Varadarajan Seshadri,Baojun Zhao,Dean Gregurek,Ender Keskinkilic

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-02-08
  • Pages : 818
  • ISBN : 3319513400
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This collection features contributions covering the advances and developments of new high-temperature metallurgical technologies and their applications to the areas of: processing of minerals; extraction of metals; preparation of metallic, refractory, and ceramic materials; treatment and recycling of slag and wastes; conservation of energy; and environmental protection. The volume will have a broad impact on the academics and professionals serving the metallurgical industries around the world by providing them with comprehensive coverage of a wide variety of topics.

Titanium Industry Workshop Report

Titanium Industry Workshop Report
A Book

by Asme

  • Publisher : Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers(IEEE)
  • Release : 1997-01-01
  • Pages : 531
  • ISBN : 9780791819548
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Final Report from the Titanium Industry Workshop, July 30-31, 1997, Welches, Oregon. The objective of the workshop was to identify opportunities for research and development that would significantly reduce the cost of titanium in transportation applications. Emphasis was placed on extractive metallurgy and processing technologies to produce raw material product forms.

Titanium: Physical Metallurgy, Processing, and Applications

Titanium: Physical Metallurgy, Processing, and Applications

by F.H. Froes

  • Publisher : ASM International
  • Release : 2015-02-01
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1627080805
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new book covers all aspects of the history, physical metallurgy, corrosion behavior, cost factors and current and potential uses of titanium. The history of titanium is traced from its early beginnings through the work of Kroll, to the present day broadening market place. Extensive detail on extraction processes is discussed, as well as the various beta to alpha transformations and details of the powder metallurgy techniques.

Bibliography of Technical Reports

Bibliography of Technical Reports
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1952
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Production: Novel Trends in Energy, Environment and Material Systems

Sustainable Production: Novel Trends in Energy, Environment and Material Systems
A Book

by Grzegorz M. Królczyk,Małgorzata Wzorek,Anna Król,Orest Kochan,Jun Su,Janusz Kacprzyk

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-01-24
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 3030112748
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights recent research on sustainable production. In today’s manufacturing industry, cleaner production has become a central goal. “Sustainable production” describes activities that pose no threat to future generations and are not pursued at their expense. In addition, sustainable production is a concept that can improve environmental performance and focuses on technical aspects that can be used to improve efficiency and productivity. Sustainable production is not limited to the manufacturing sector, but affects all production sectors including energy, environment, and material systems – all of which face significant challenges in connection with sustainability, e.g. efforts to reduce production’s impact on the environment and to manage health and safety impacts. Key means of reducing environmental pollution from manufacturing involve reducing the main resources used in production (metals used in the machining processes, fluids/oils in production, water, and energy).