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Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability
Monitoring, Modelling, Adaptation and Mitigation

by Assefa M. Melesse,Wossenu Abtew,Gabriel Senay

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-07-03
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN : 0128159995
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability: Monitoring, Modelling, Adaptation and Mitigation is a compilation of contributions by experts from around the world who discuss extreme hydrology topics, from monitoring, to modeling and management. With extreme climatic and hydrologic events becoming so frequent, this book is a critical source, adding knowledge to the science of extreme hydrology. Topics covered include hydrometeorology monitoring, climate variability and trends, hydrological variability and trends, landscape dynamics, droughts, flood processes, and extreme events management, adaptation and mitigation. Each of the book's chapters provide background and theoretical foundations followed by approaches used and results of the applied studies. This book will be highly used by water resource managers and extreme event researchers who are interested in understanding the processes and teleconnectivity of large-scale climate dynamics and extreme events, predictability, simulation and intervention measures. Presents datasets used and methods followed to support the findings included, allowing readers to follow these steps in their own research Provides variable methodological approaches, thus giving the reader multiple hydrological modeling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies, thus making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations for those studying extreme hydrology Discusses extreme event management, including adaption and mitigation

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology
Testing Conventional Wisdom

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Hydrologic Science

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2011-12-17
  • Pages : 44
  • ISBN : 0309217687
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate theory dictates that core elements of the climate system, including precipitation, evapotranspiration, and reservoirs of atmospheric and soil moisture, should change as the climate warms, both in their means and extremes. A major challenge that faces the climate and hydrologic science communities is understanding the nature of these ongoing changes in climate and hydrology and the apparent anomalies that exist in reconciling their extreme manifestations. The National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Hydrologic Science (COHS) held a workshop on January 5-6, 2010, that examined how climate warming translates into hydrologic extremes like floods and droughts. The workshop brought together three groups of experts. The first two groups consisted of atmospheric scientists and hydrologists focused on the scientific underpinnings and empirical evidence linking climate variability to hydrologic extremes. The third group consisted of water managers and decision-makers charged with the design and operation of water systems that in the future must be made resilient in light of a changing climate and an environment of hydrologic extremes. Global Change and Extreme Hydrology summarizes the proceedings of this workshop. This report presents an overview of the current state of the science in terms of climate change and extreme hydrologic events. It examines the "conventional wisdom" that climate change will "accelerate" the hydrologic cycle, fuel more evaporation, and generate more precipitation, based on an increased capacity of a warmer atmosphere to hold more water vapor. The report also includes descriptions of the changes in frequency and severity of extremes, the ability (or inability) to model these changes, and the problem of communicating the best science to water resources practitioners in useful forums.

Climate Variability and Change--hydrological Impacts

Climate Variability and Change--hydrological Impacts
A Book

by Arthur Askew,Flow Regimes from International Experimental and Network Data (Project)

  • Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 707
  • ISBN : 9781901502787
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Risk Assessment and Evaluation of Probability of Extreme Hydrological Events

Risk Assessment and Evaluation of Probability of Extreme Hydrological Events
Case Study from Noakhali Sadar and Subarnachar Upazilas

by M. A. Matin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 76
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change: Impact assessment and decision making

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change: Impact assessment and decision making
A Book

by Thorsten Wagener,Stewart W. Franks

  • Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 9781901502084
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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First considers the assessment of the hydrological impacts of future climate and then addresses decision making for mitigation/adaptation strategies, given the uncertainties associated with predictions by water resources and hydrological extremes models.

Management of Irrigation and Water Supply Under Climatic Extremes

Management of Irrigation and Water Supply Under Climatic Extremes
Empirical Analysis and Policy Lessons from India

by M. Dinesh Kumar,Yusuf Kabir,Rushabh Hemani,Nitin Bassi

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-03-20
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN : 3030594599
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume provides a theoretical basis for the argument that available research that analyzes the impacts of climate on hydrology, water resources, and water systems, without factoring in the effect of climate variability, are inadequate and often misleading. Also, the book empirically shows that the impacts of climate variability on hydrology and water resources, and irrigation, water supply & sanitation systems are far more pronounced than the likely impacts of future change in climate. The book discusses technological, institutional and policy alternatives for reducing these impacts on various competitive use sectors, especially, irrigation, and water supply and sanitation through case studies of river basins in different hydrological setting. To set the context, the volume first presents the long term trends in precipitation and temperature in different regions of India, and compares them against inter-annual, inter-seasonal and intra-day variations in climatic parameters, to show how their differential impacts on water resources.

Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1994: Justification of the budget estimates:pt. 3. Justification of the budget estimates: Office of the Secretary

Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1994: Justification of the budget estimates:pt. 3. Justification of the budget estimates: Office of the Secretary
A Book

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Department of the Interior and Related Agencies

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Arctic Hydrology, Permafrost and Ecosystems

Arctic Hydrology, Permafrost and Ecosystems
A Book

by Daqing Yang,Douglas L. Kane

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-08-28
  • Pages : 914
  • ISBN : 3030509303
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date assessment of the key terrestrial components of the Arctic system, i.e., its hydrology, permafrost, and ecology, drawing on the latest research results from across the circumpolar regions. The Arctic is an integrated system, the elements of which are closely linked by the atmosphere, ocean, and land. Using an integrated system approach, the book’s 30 chapters, written by a diverse team of leading scholars, carefully examine Arctic climate variability/change, large river hydrology, lakes and wetlands, snow cover and ice processes, permafrost characteristics, vegetation/landscape changes, and the future trajectory of Arctic system evolution. The discussions cover the fundamental features of and processes in the Arctic system, with a special focus on critical knowledge gaps, i.e., the interactions and feedbacks between water, permafrost, and ecosystem, such as snow pack and permafrost changes and their impacts on basin hydrology and ecology, river flow, geochemistry, and energy fluxes to the Arctic Ocean, and the structure and function of the Arctic ecosystem in response to past/future changes in climate, hydrology, and permafrost conditions. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers, graduate students, environmentalists, managers, and administrators who are concerned with the northern environment and resources.

Impacts of Climate Change and Climate Variability on Hydrological Regimes

Impacts of Climate Change and Climate Variability on Hydrological Regimes
A Book

by Jan C. van Dam

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2003-10-16
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 9780521543316
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examines the implications of possible climate changes and variability on both global and regional water resources.

Climate Variability, Extreme Events and Agricultural Productivity in Mountain Regions

Climate Variability, Extreme Events and Agricultural Productivity in Mountain Regions
CIDA-SICI Project Contribution to International Mountain Year 2002

by S. Sen Roy

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With reference to Kullu District, India; a study.

Bulletin

Bulletin
A Book

by World Meteorological Organization

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation
Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-05-28
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 1107025060
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. This Special Report explores the social as well as physical dimensions of weather- and climate-related disasters, considering opportunities for managing risks at local to international scales. SREX was approved and accepted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on 18 November 2011 in Kampala, Uganda.

FRIEND 2002

FRIEND 2002
Regional Hydrology : Bridging the Gap Between Research and Practice

by Henny A. J. van Lanen,Siegfried Demuth,Eric Servat

  • Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN : 9781901502817
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fourth international conference on FRIEND, Cape Town, March 2002.

Drought

Drought
Past Problems and Future Scenarios

by Justin Sheffield,Eric F. Wood

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-11-12
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 1136540407
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Drought is one of the likely consequences of climate change in many regions of the world. Together with an increased demand for water resources to supply the world's growing population, it represents a potentially disastrous threat to water supplies, agriculture and food production, leading to famine and environmental degradation. Yet predicting drought is fraught with difficulty. The aim of this book is to provide a review of the historical occurrence of global drought, particularly during the 20th century and assess the likely potential changes over the 21st century under climate change. This includes documentation of the occurrence and impacts of major 20th century drought events and analysis of the contributing climatic and environmental factors that act to force, prolong and dissipate drought. Contemporary drought is placed in the context of climate variability since the last ice age, including the many severe and lengthy drought events that contributed to the demise of great civilizations, the disappearance of lakes and rivers, and the conversion of forests to deserts. The authors discuss the developing field of drought monitoring and seasonal forecasting and describe how this is vital for identifying emerging droughts and for providing timely warning to help reduce the impacts. The book provides a broad overview of large scale drought, from historic events such as the US Dust Bowl and African Sahel, and places this in the context of climate variability and change. The work is soundly based on detailed research that has looked at drought occurrence over the 20th century, global drought monitoring, modelling and seasonal prediction, and future projections from climate models.

Floods in a Changing Climate

Floods in a Changing Climate
Extreme Precipitation

by Ramesh S. V. Teegavarapu

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-11-22
  • Pages : 269
  • ISBN : 1107018781
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides measurement, analysis and modeling methods for assessment of trends in extreme precipitation events, for academic researchers and professionals.

Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management

Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management
Challenges and Options

by World Bank Staff,World Bank

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In order to face the challenge of disappointing returns on public investment in irrigation and drainage new solutions have emerged. These solutions are based on widely available technology and new management and governance options. The main message of "Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management" is that the irrigation and drainage sector should not continue to be dealt with as a stand-alone sector, but should be integrated into a broader perspective, one that embraces the objectives of productivity growth, poverty reduction, natural resources management and environmental protection.

Northern Great Plains Regional Workshop on Climate Variability and Climate Change

Northern Great Plains Regional Workshop on Climate Variability and Climate Change
Proceedings

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 137
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Influence of Climate Change and Climatic Variability on the Hydrologic Regime and Water Resources

The Influence of Climate Change and Climatic Variability on the Hydrologic Regime and Water Resources
A Book

by International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics. General Assembly

  • Publisher : [Wallingford, England] : International Association of Hydrological Sciences
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Greenhouse-gas-induced Climatic Change

Greenhouse-gas-induced Climatic Change
A Critical Appraisal of Simulations and Observations

by Michael E. Schlesinger,Michael E.. Schlesinger

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 615
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The proceedings of this workshop provide a valuable review of the methodologies of climate observations during the past 150 years, together with a summary of their findings, and a description of the difficulties inherent in their interpretation. In addition the volume reviews the use of climate model simulations of greenhouse-gas-induced equilibrium and nonequilibrium change. Finally, the contributed papers consider the methodologies of climate change detection by comparison of model simulations and climate observations, a summary of findings, and a description of what should be done to detect GHG-induced climate change. The volume will be of particular interest to researchers and students in the fields of meteorology, atmospheric science, oceanography, global change and climate impact assessement. Scientists in related fields will find much of value also.

Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources

Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources
Hydraulics, Water Resources and Coastal Engineering

by Ramakar Jha

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 303064202X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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